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Similar to most big data applications, the big data tendency also poses heavy impacts on service recommender systems. With the growing number of alternative services, effectively recommending services that users preferred has became an important research issue. Service recommender systems have been exposed as valuable tools to help users deal with services overload and provide appropriate recommendations to them. In KASR, keywords are used to indicate users' preferences, and a user-based Collaborative filtering algorithm is adopted to generate appropriate recommendations. More specifically, a keyword-candidate list and domain thesaurus are provided to help obtain users' preferences. The active user gives his/her preferences by selecting the keywords from the keyword-candidate list, and the preferences of the previous users can be extracted from their reviews for services according to the keyword-candidate list and domain thesaurus. The proposed system proposes methods it aims at presenting a personalized service recommendation list and recommending the most appropriate service(s) to the users. To improve the scalability and efficiency of KASR in “Big Data” environment, the proposed system proposes techniques that have been implemented it on a Map Reduce framework in Hadoop platform. It improves the recommendation accuracy by considering the location of the user while recommend the service.
While performance, power and area remain to be two major design goals, power consumption has become a critical concern in today’s VLSI system design. Complex arithmetic operations are mainly used in DSP application. To develop a modified booth recoder for performing direct recoding of sum of two numbers in its Modified Booth (MB) form. It mainly focus on optimizing the design of the Fused Add Multiply(FAM) operator for increasing performance, decreases the critical path delay and reduces area and power consumption. In this project, the design of sum to modified booth recoding (SM-B) technique is implemented inorder to reduce the number of partial product. In this project explore three alternative schemes of the proposed S-MB approach using conventional and signed-bit Full Adders (FAs) and Half Adders (HAs) as building blocks. Low-cost finite impulse response (FIR) designs are presented using the concept of faithfully rounded truncated multipliers. Nonuniform coefficient quantization with proper filter order is proposed to minimize total area cost. Multiple constant multiplication/accumulation in a direct FIR structure is implemented using an improved version of truncated multipliers. Comparisons with previous FIR design approaches show that the proposed designs achieve the best area and power results.
John Helliwell, the well-known University of British Columbia economist, is often accused of being an apologist for marriage. He denies it. He says he just analyzes the research. And most of the research (sorry, singles!) says that married people, over all, are happier than unmarried ones. “We have found in Canadian, British and American data, when you include demographic variables like ‘married,’ marriage typically turns out to have a significant positive effect,” he told me over the phone. Among other benefits, “marriage is good for people because it is a vehicle and a place where good friends are made and cherished.” But does marriage really make you happier in the long run? Or are happier people simply more likely to get married in the first place? Prof. Helliwell thinks he’s found the answer. In a new research paper published by the National Bureau of Economic Research, he and colleague Shawn Grover conclude not only that marriage does make people happier, but that being married to your best friend makes you extra happy. The same goes for people who live together. “Those who are best friends with their partners have the largest well-being benefits from marriage and cohabitation, even when controlling for premarital well-being levels,” they write. Prof. Helliwell is an old hand in the field of “happiness studies,” which attempt to measure the factors that influence people’s sense of well-being. He has found that, overwhelmingly, it’s the social context of life that determines whether people are happy. Both marriage and friendship are known to improve well-being. So when he came across a comprehensive survey that included the question “Who is your best friend?”, he knew he’d struck gold. “We were able to break down the marriage effect between people who had another best friend and the people whose best friend happened to be their spouse,” he told me. What they found was that the happiness effect of being married to your best friend is twice as big. In other words, a best friend who’s always by your side is the best kind of friend of all. People who are married to their best friends don’t need as many friends as other people to get the same benefit. About half the married and cohabiting people surveyed named their spouse as their best friend. The happiness effect was stronger for women than for men, especially in middle age, when happiness typically dips for everyone. It seems marital friendship is a great buffer against the ravages of midlife. I think I have a clue why. The world may not think you’re sexy any more – but he still does. The very subject of marriage is highly charged these days. Conservatives say we should promote it because married people (and their kids) are better off. Liberals say the decline of marriage is a consequence, not a cause, of growing inequality. Singles say Prof. Helliwell and his ilk unfairly demonize them. But he denies having an agenda. And he says this study, in particular, is free of policy implications. “Some people say this study means you should marry your best friend,” he says. “But we don’t say that. The lesson for those who are thinking of marriage is not to marry your best friend, but to make sure you treat your spouse as if he or she were.” As for those irate singles, he says, “The major benefits of marriage can be achieved outside marriage. Single people shouldn’t feel that marriage is either a threat or a requirement.” They just need to make sure they have a bunch of great friends. Interestingly, these findings on marital happiness are not global. In some regions (Latin America, the Caribbean, Southeast Asia), singles are actually happier than marrieds. however, made him blissfully happy.
John Helliwell, the well-known University of British Columbia economist, is often accused of being an apologist for marriage. He denies it. He says he just analyzes the research. And most of the research (sorry, singles!) says that married people, over all, are happier than unmarried ones.
ALL IS WELL
Classroom. 4 boys and a punjaabi teacher
Class is enjoying. They don’t want to attend the class so they prepare a plan to convince the teacher to cancel the class..
ST4: As we decided we will not let Mr. Singh attend the class today, agreed
All the students shouts ``agreed``
Teacher enters, class settles down. They stand up.
T: Piyaro, Good morning to all of you.
Students all at once:
- Good morning Mr. Singh.
T: Sit down , sit down.Its a balle balle day to come to school, don’t you agree? Open your books, pg 111
One child raises his hand
St1: I don’t agree with you Sir.
T: You don’t agree? What don’t you agree Gharpar.
(Children laughs, ST1 looks angrily around)
St1: Its Ghazanfar Sir, not Gharpar.
T: Ahu, Gharpar (more laughs)
T: That’s right Gharpar. You were telling me about your disagreement.
ST1 still annoyed takes a deep breath to calm himself and concentrate on the plan.
- I don’t agree with your assessment of the day Sir
- And why not
In a theatrical way –Because it’s raining and we can’t go out to play in recess. That’s the only time, we young minds, eager to learn, hopes of the future, can socialize properly which is very essential for our physical and emotional development.There fore, we cannot channel the extra energy youth produce in a constructive manners. Hence, with this extra energy still loaded in our shoulders, we start thinking about improper, even useless things which school strictly forbids us, of course for the betterment of ourselves. You see Sir now, that, this is not a day to come to school.
Teachers rubs his moustache thoughtfully,
-indeed, when you put it like this, it really doesn’t sound a balle balle day to come to school.
St 1 satisfied, sits down.
Teacher paces along the students one two rounds, rubs his big belly .
-Anyway, now that we are all here, we cannot do anything about it, can we?. So, open the books pg 111.
St2 raises his hand.
- Yes putter.You have anything else to say.
ST2: Actually our friend………… forgot one more thing to say.
T: Really? What is that?
ST2: Its raining so we are all gloomy and distracted. We all are remembering punjaab, the valleys, the flowers, the smell of the flowers ( his face takes a melancholic expression , as the teacher also gets gloomy)
Teacher here says- ooy oyy ki yaad kara dita ay?
Student continues like teacher never ever made a sound with same melancholy
ST2 :I can hear the sound of rain drops on the roofs of the houses( he put his hand on his ear like he actually hears it, teacher does the same), I can see mothers braiding their daughters hairs( he does the braiding impressions with his hands, same does the teacher), (his voice get louder) I can feel the heart of punjaab calling me,. PUTTERIIIII, PUTTERRIIIIII ( his hands are outstretched like he is about to answer the call, same does the teacher)
At this time, there are real tears in the teacher eyes, the student also acts like he is wiping his fake tears.
T: oooooyy Putter, putter, how true you speak..
He goes and hugs ST2 to consolidate.
-ALL IS WELL PUTTER, ALL IS WELL..
St 2 finally soothed ,leaves the embrace, he looks to his teacher like they undergo a great misery together.
ST2: ALL IS WELL SIR
They smile to each other. He sits down. Students for sure now, there will be no class.
Teacher wipes his tears.
-as long as we share the same heart we will live in punjaab regardless where we reside.
Childrens are not happy with their turtle speed progress, talks to each other.
T: come on now.Be quiet.Open your books, pg 111
ST1 elbow the ST3 to do something.ST3 raises his hand.
T: OOOy, this morning for a gloomy lot,you all seem a lot to say.Ahu putter.Speak up.
ST3 first look to his right then to his left as if asking what to do. When no one signals anything, he thinks and acts like he has a heart attack.
ST3 : I feel pain…he grumbles by holding his heart.
T: oooyy oyyss..ki ho ya?( uses endearments)What happened? Lay him down, lay him down quick…
ST1: I think he is having a heart attack
ST2; I think he stopped breathing
ST4: I think he is turning to blue
Teacher try to calm himself and the students.
- No panic, no panic. Your teacher is first-aid certified. I know CPR, move a side , move a side.(As children open space to him, he keeps on talking) how was it? Remember Singh, remember, first open air way.( opens air way)need give air fusion.
He comes close to boy to give air fusion, ST3 opens his eyes and shouts: I am awake. I am awake, no need any type of fusions
Teacher relieved but surprised:
-putter, are u ok, menu te tu mar deta sii…
ST3 looks his friends- There are some sacrificies I just cant do for a free hour.
T: What are you saying Putter.Are you ok?
St3; Sorry Sir.I am fine.I feel much better.Infact I feel so good that I can act like nothing has ever happened.
T:Ajjjib(Weird) putter, so fast recovery, never I have seen the likes of it.
He stands and goes back to his place.
Students are not happy with ST3
ST1: You couldn’t bear unconscious little longer complains angrily
ST3: I am sorry but it was my face he was bending over, my nose smelling his breath. No need for chloroform, get close to Mr. Singh for 5 Min.s and whaapoosh you are out.no sense for at least half and hour. Natural anaesthesia.
St2: Still we have 2 hours to go, we should find another excuse fast.
ST1: well, we tried logic, it didn’t work, we used emotions it didn’t work, we tried medical leave, and patient could not last more than 5 min.s I don’t know what else we can do
Students suddenly 4 of them looks expected.
ST3: Mr. Singh is punjabee
ST2:We forget the basic pujabee treat.
ST4: Of course..
ST4 brings a tape from the back.
ST4: Hey Mr. Singh, look what we bring for you
T: What is it putter
ST4 presses the music. Bhangrha start. All the student starts to dance..
Teacher also starts though he clearly tries to stops himself.its like e struggle.
T; Stop it, oooy, ooy I do love this singer a lot….but I cannot…I need to..dance..noo . noo ..i mean I need too do pg 111..oooy..its too good…I mean gloomy day…I should stop..ooyy..ooooy..i cant,i cant, I cant
Student all together
-ALL IS WELL SIR, ALL IS WELL
No more struggling, accepting the dance , mr. singh finally dances without hesitation
-ALL IS WELL PIYAROO, ALL IS WELL….
They all leave the stage by making bhangra…
The Moon is lit up by the sun as it goes around (orbits) the Earth. This means sometimes people on Earth can see the whole Moon and other times only small parts of it. This is because the Moon does not emit light. People only see the parts that are reflecting light from the Sun. These different stages are called Phases of the Moon. It takes the Moon about 29.53 days (29 days, 12 hours, 44 minutes) to complete the cycle, from big and bright to small and dim and back to big and bright. As the Moon passes between the Earth and Sun, this phase is called the New Moon. The next phase of the moon is called the "waxing crescent", followed by the "first quarter", "waxing gibbous", then to a full moon. A full Moon occurs when the moon and sun are on opposite sides of the Earth. As the Moon continues its orbit it becomes a "waning gibbous", "third quarter", "waning crescent", and finally back to a new moon. People used the moon to measure time. A month is approximately equal in time to a lunar cycle.
The phases of the Moon
The moon always shows the same side to Earth. Astronomers call this phenomenon tidal locking. This means that half of it can never be seen from Earth. The side facing away from Earth is called the dark side of the Moon even though the sun does shine on it—we just never see it lit.
Building Agreement Between The Owners And The Contractor On Fee Plus Cost Of Labour And Materials
THIS AGREEMENT made at ………………….. on this …………. day of ………………2000, between Shri…………………… S/o ………………….. resident of ………………………… (hereinafter called ‘the owner’ which expression shall unless repugnant to the context or meaning thereof, be deemed to include his heirs, legal representatives, executors and administrators) of the ONE PART and M/s ABC Builders & Contractors, a partnership firm registered under Partnership Act, 1932 and having its registered office at ……………… (hereinafter referred to as ‘the builders’ which expression shall unless repugnant to the context or meaning thereof, be deemed to include every partner for the time being of the said firm, the survivor or survivors or the legal representatives, executors or administrators of the last survivor of the OTHER PART.
WHEREAS the first party is the owner of the plot of land admeasuring ……………….. sq. meters bearing plot No. ……….. city survey No. …………………. Khasra No. ………………… situate, lying and being at …………………. Tahsil and District …………………. (hereinafter referred to as the “said plot of land”) and is desirous of getting a house constructed on the said plot of land.
AND WHEREAS the first party has appointed Shri …………….. as the architect and the said architect has prepared the plans, drawings and elevations of the said intended house and the specification of the works to be done and of the materials.
AND WHEREAS the second party is a big contractor and is having vast experience in construction of big buildings and has agreed to construct the house on the said plot of land.
NOW IT IS AGREED BY AND BETWEEN THE PARTIES AS FOLLOWS:
1. The builders will construct the building on the said plot of land in conformity with the plans, drawings, specifications and elevations as prepared by the architect which has been annexed hereto and marked as Annexure A, with the material of best quality and in the most substantial and workman like manner and to the satisfaction of the architect.
2. The builders hereby undertake to commence the construction within fifteen days of execution of these presents and complete the construction on or before the expiry of ………………. months from the date of execution of these presents in accordance with the plans duly approved and sanctioned by the Municipal Corporation of ……………………………. and specifications and conditions as are set out in Annexure A hereunder written.
3. If the builders fail to complete the said work within the period as stipulated in the foregoing provision, the builders shall, at the option of the owner but without prejudice to the other rights under law of the owner and other provisions herein, pay liquidated damages calculated at the rate of Rs………. per day (but subject to a maximum of 2% of the total contract amount payable by the owner under this agreement) for the period between the said stipulated time for completion of the works. The builders hereby specifically agree and authorise the owner to deduct such liquidated damages, if any, from any installment of payment becoming due and payable to the builders in terms of this agreement.
4. The owner will pay to the builders a sum of Rs…………. out of which the owner shall pay to the builders weekly such sum as may be sufficient to defray the expenses incurred by the builders in respect of materials used in the works, checked and certified by the architect, Rs ……… on the certificate by the architect that the work upto first floor has been completed, the further sum of Rs …………. on the certificate by the architect that the work upto second floor has been completed and the balance shall be paid on the certificate by the architect that the said works have been completed in all respects according to the agreement and the builders have at their own expenses removed and cleared all scaffolding, fencing, unused materials and rubbish from the premises and made and prepared the bungalow fit for use and habitation and immediate occupation.
However, a sum equivalent to 5 per cent of the total contract amount payable by the owner under this agreement shall be retained by the owner as retention money, which shall be paid after a period of 12 months from the date of handing over the said bungalow complete in all respects and fit for occupation. The builders hereby agree and undertake to rectify all such defects as may be found or detected during the period of 12 months. If the builders fail to rectify the defects pointed out or decline to cure such defects as pointed by the owner within fifteen days from the date of reporting to the builders, the owner shall be entitled to have such defects cured by such other agencies as it may deem fit at the entire cost and risk of the builders and utilise the retention money; Provided further that in the event of the said retention money being inadequate to meet such costs, charges and expenses incurred by the owner for curing the defects in the construction, the builders shall within 7 days of a demand in writing made by the owner make good the defect, failing which the builders shall be liable to pay the same together with the interest at 15% per annum.
5. The owner shall allow free ingress to and egress from the premises to the builder’s servants, employees, sub-contractors and all other persons, who are necessary in connection with the carrying out of the works under the agreement.
6. The builders shall indemnify the owner in respect of all claims, damages or expenses payable in consequence to any injury to any employee, workman, nominee, invitee while in or upon the said premises. The builders shall also be responsible for any damage to buildings, whether immediately adjacent or otherwise and any damage to roads, streets, foot-paths, bridges or ways as well as all damages caused to the buildings, and work forming the subject to this contract by frost, rain, wind or other inclemency of weather.
7. If the builders abandon the contract or fail to commence the work or suspend the progress of the work for 14 days without any lawful excuse under these conditions, or fail to proceed with the works with such due diligence and fail to make such due progress as would enable d the works to be completed within the time agreed upon or fail to remove materials from the site or to pull down and replace work for seven days after receiving from the architect written notice that the said materials or the works were defective and rejected by the said architect or neglect or fail persistently to observe and perform all or any of the acts, materials or things required by this contract to be observed and performed by the owner for seven days after written notice shall have given to the builders requiring them to observe or perform the same and the architect certifies in writing to the owner to the said effect, then and in any of the said cases the owner may, notwithstanding any previous waiver, after giving seven days notice through the said architect in writing to the builders terminate the licence in favour of the builders and in so far as it relates to the completion of the remaining construction work, but without thereby affecting the powers of the architect, or the obligations and liabilities of the builders, the whole of which shall continue in force as fully as if this Agreement had not been so determined. And the owner by his servants or agents may enter upon and take possession of the work, tools, scaffolding, sheds, machinery, power, utensils and materials lying upon the premises or in the adjoining lands or roads and use the same as its own property or may employ the same by means of its own servants and workmen in carrying on and completing the work or by employing any other contractor or other person to complete the works and the builders shall not in any way interrupt or do any act, matter or thing to prevent or hinder such other contractor or other person or persons employed for completing and finishing the works or using the material and plant for the works.
8. When the said works are terminated in the manner as stipulated in the foregoing provision, the architect shall give a notice in writing to the builders to remove their surplus materials and plant, and should the builders fail to as so within a period of seven days, after receipt thereof by them, the owner may sell the same by public auction and give credit to the builders for the net amount realised. The architect shall thereafter ascertain and certify in writing, what (if any thing) shall be due or payable to or by the owner, for the value of the said building and materials so taken possession of by the owner and the expense or loss which the owner shall have been put to in procuring the work to be completed and the amount, if any, owing to the builders and the amount which shall be so certified shall thereupon be paid by the owner to the builders or by the builders to the owner, as the case may be, and the certificate of the architect shall be final and conclusive between the parties.
9. The builders shall be bound to appoint an engineer competent to receive instructions from the architect from time to time, on behalf of the builders at all reasonable hours and all directions given to him by the architect shall be deemed to have been given to the builders.
10. The owner or his representatives shall be entitled to inspect the progress of the construction work and materials used for the construction and they shall be entitled to point out to the architect any defects in the construction work, quality of workmanship or materials d used when such defective work is in progress or being executed or such material is brought on site. If the architect will be satisfied about the objections raised, the said architect shall certify the same in writing and direct the builders to rectify at their own cost the defect in the said construction work or remove such defective materials and the same shall be rectified or removed by the builders as directed.
11. All disputes or differences relating to the specifications, designs, drawings and as to quality of workmanship or material used in the work or as to any other question arising out of or relating to the contract, design, drawings, specifications, orders or otherwise in connection with the agreement or the carrying out of the works, whether during the progress of the work or after the completion or abandonment thereof shall be referred to the sole arbitration of two arbitrators, one to be appointed by each party. The arbitrators shall appoint an umpire before entering upon the reference. The parties would cooperate and lead evidence, etc. with the arbitrators and if one of the parties does not cooperate or remains absent at the reference, the arbitrators or the umpire would be at liberty to proceed with the reference ex-parte. The arbitrators or the umpire shall keep record of the oral evidence adduced by the parties and submit the same to the court at the time of filing of the award, along with documentary evidence produced before them or him by the parties or their witnesses. The proceeding of the arbitrators or the umpire shall be recorded in English and a carbon copy whereof shall be furnished to each party. The arbitrators or umpire shall be entitled to appoint stenographer, for recording proceedings of the arbitration, consult an expert, after previous notice to the parties to the reference, the cost whereof shall be borne equally by the parties. The fees of the arbitrator appointed by a party shall be borne by the party, so appointing and the fees of the umpire and the other arbitration expenses shall be borne equally by the parties. The arbitrators shall make their award, with reasons for the decision, within six months from the date of entering upon the reference. If the arbitrators have allowed their time to expire without making an award or have delivered to any party or to the umpire a notice in writing stating that they cannot agree, the umpire shall forthwith enter on the reference. The umpire shall make his award within tour months of entering on the reference or within such extended time, as the parties may agree. The award of the arbitrators, or umpire, as the case may be, shall be final, conclusive and binding on the parties and shall not be challenged on any ground except collusion, fraud or an error apparent on the face of the award. This reference to arbitration shall be deemed to be a reference within the meaning of the Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996 or any statutory modification thereof. No action can be taken under this agreement for the enforcement of any right without resorting to arbitration under this clause.
12. This agreement shall be executed in duplicate, the original shall be retained by the owner and the duplicate by the builders.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF the parties have signed these presents and a duplicate thereof, the day and year first hereinabove written.
Signed and delivered by ……………….. the owner
Signed and delivered by M/s ABC Builders and Contractors,
the builders, by its partners
Currently, the large amount of data produced by many organizations is outpacing their storage ability. The management of such huge amount of data is quite expensive due to the requirements of high storage capacity and qualified personnel. So the Big Data is used to describe these types of massive volume of both structured and unstructured data that is so large that it's difficult to process using traditional database and software techniques. Big Data has the potential to help companies improve operations and make faster, more intelligent decisions. In many E-Commerce sites, Recommender Systems (RS), which provide personalized recommendation from among a large number of items, are recently introduced. Collaborative clustering is one of the most successful algorithms which provide recommendations using ratings of users on items.
"A casual attitude towards safety = CASUALTY"
"Accidents hurt - Safety doesn't."
"A spill, a slip, a hospital trip."
"A wound neglected is a wound infected"
"Accidents Big Or Small, Avoid Them All"
"Do the do's not the don'ts!"
"Being safe is like breathing - you never want to stop."
"Do your work with pride, put safety in every stride."
Don't be a fool, cause safety is cool, so make that your rule."
"Don't be a fool, use the proper tool."
"Don't be safety blinded, be safety minded."
"Don't fix the blame, fix the problem!"
I am happy to see you here. You are my
Love comes early in your life and when it comes, it strikes a very ardent note. But big flames die out quickly
and you are out of love many times before the final choice is made. Probably, the wedding will not be an early
one, nevertheless, it will be a happy one.
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