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essay on educational problems

शैक्षिक समस्याओं पर निबंध

Last Update: 2015-01-02
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Anonymous

Problem

समस्या

Last Update: 2014-11-07
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Wikipedia

Benign positional vertigo is the most common type of vertigo. Vertigo is the feeling that you are spinning or that everything is spinning around you. It may occur when you move your head in a certain position. Causes Benign positional vertigo is also called benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). It is caused by a problem in the inner ear. The inner ear has fluid-filled tubes called semicircular canals. When you move, the fluid moves inside these tubes. The canals are very sensitive to any movement of the fluid. The sensation of the fluid moving in the tube tells your brain the position of your body. This helps you keep your balance. BPPV occurs when a small piece of bone-like calcium breaks free and floats inside the tube. This sends confusing messages to your brain about your body's position. BPPV has no major risk factors. However, your risk for developing BPPV may increase if you have: Family members with BPPV Had a prior head injury (even a slight bump to the head) Had an inner ear infection called labyrinthitis Symptoms BPPV symptoms include: Feeling like you are spinning or moving Feeling like the world is spinning around you Loss of balance Nausea and vomiting Hearing loss Vision problems, such as a feeling that things are jumping or moving The spinning sensation: Is usually triggered by moving your head Often starts suddenly Lasts a few seconds to minutes Certain positions can trigger the spinning feeling: Rolling over in bed Tilting your head up to look at something Exams and Tests To diagnose BPPV, your health care provider may perform a test called the Dix-Hallpike maneuver. Your provider holds your head in a certain position. Then you are asked to lie quickly backward over a table. As you do this, your provider will look for abnormal eye movements and ask if you feel like you are spinning. If the Dix-Hallpike test doesn't show a clear result, you may be asked to do other tests. Your provider will do a physical exam and ask about your medical history. You may have brain and nervous system (neurological) tests to rule out other causes. These may include: EEG Electronystagmography (ENG) Head CT Head MRI Hearing test Magnetic resonance angiography of the head Warming and cooling the inner ear with water or air to test eye movements. This is called caloric stimulation. Treatment Your provider will do a procedure called Epley's maneuver. It can move the small piece of calcium that is floating inside your inner ear. This treatment works best to cure BPPV. Other exercises don't work as well. Some medicines can help relieve spinning sensations. Antihistamines Anticholinergics Sedative-hypnotics However, these medicines often do not work well for treating vertigo. To keep your symptoms from getting worse, avoid the positions that trigger it. Outlook (Prognosis) BPPV is uncomfortable, but it can usually be treated with Epley's maneuver. It may come back again without warning. Possible Complications People with severe vertigo may get dehydrated due to frequent vomiting. When to Contact a Medical Professional Call your health care provider if: You develop vertigo Treatment for vertigo doesn't work Get immediate medical help if you also have symptoms such as: Weakness Slurred speech Vision problems These may be signs of a more serious condition. Prevention Avoid head positions that trigger positional vertigo. Alternative Names Vertigo - positional; Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo; BPPV: dizziness- positional References Bhattacharyya N, Baugh RF, Orvidas L, Barrs D, Bronston LJ, Cass S, et al. Clinical practice guideline: Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo. Otolaryngology: Head & Neck Surgery. 2008; 139 (5 Suppl 4): S47-S81. Crane BT, Schessel DA, Nedzelski J, Minor LB. Peripheral vestibular disorders. In: Cummings CW, Flint PW, Haughey BH, et al, eds. Otolaryngology: Head & Neck Surgery. 5th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Mosby Elsevier; 2010:chap 165. Post RE, Dickerson LM. Dizziness: a diagnostic approach. Am Fam Physician. 2010;82:361-369. Update Date: 9/25/2013 Updated by: Joseph V. Campellone, MD, Department of Neurology, Cooper University Hospital, Camden, NJ. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Bethanne Black, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team. Browse the Encyclopedia MedlinePlus Topics Dizziness and Vertigo Read More Dizziness A.D.A.M Quality Logo A.D.A.M., Inc. is accredited by URAC, also known as the American Accreditation HealthCare Commission (www.urac.org). URAC's accreditation program is an independent audit to verify that A.D.A.M. follows rigorous standards of quality and accountability. A.D.A.M. is among the first to achieve this important distinction for online health information and services. Learn more about A.D.A.M.'s editorial policy, editorial process and privacy policy. A.D.A.M. is also a founding member of Hi-Ethics and subscribes to the principles of the Health on the Net Foundation (www.hon.ch). The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed physician should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. Copyright 1997-2015, A.D.A.M., Inc. Duplication for commercial use must be authorized in writing by ADAM Health Solutions. A.D.A.M Logo Mobile version Get email updates Subscribe to RSS Follow us on Twitter Disclaimers Copyright Privacy Accessibility Quality Guidelines Viewers & Players U.S. National Library of Medicine 8600 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD 20894 U.S. Department of Health and Human Services National Institutes of Health Page last updated: 12 January 2015 tor

गूगल के अनुवादक

Last Update: 2015-01-28
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Anonymous
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google translaBenign positional vertigo is the most common type of vertigo. Vertigo is the feeling that you are spinning or that everything is spinning around you. It may occur when you move your head in a certain position. Causes Benign positional vertigo is also called benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). It is caused by a problem in the inner ear. The inner ear has fluid-filled tubes called semicircular canals. When you move, the fluid moves inside these tubes. The canals are very sensitive to any movement of the fluid. The sensation of the fluid moving in the tube tells your brain the position of your body. This helps you keep your balance. BPPV occurs when a small piece of bone-like calcium breaks free and floats inside the tube. This sends confusing messages to your brain about your body's position. BPPV has no major risk factors. However, your risk for developing BPPV may increase if you have: Family members with BPPV Had a prior head injury (even a slight bump to the head) Had an inner ear infection called labyrinthitis Symptoms BPPV symptoms include: Feeling like you are spinning or moving Feeling like the world is spinning around you Loss of balance Nausea and vomiting Hearing loss Vision problems, such as a feeling that things are jumping or moving The spinning sensation: Is usually triggered by moving your head Often starts suddenly Lasts a few seconds to minutes Certain positions can trigger the spinning feeling: Rolling over in bed Tilting your head up to look at something Exams and Tests To diagnose BPPV, your health care provider may perform a test called the Dix-Hallpike maneuver. Your provider holds your head in a certain position. Then you are asked to lie quickly backward over a table. As you do this, your provider will look for abnormal eye movements and ask if you feel like you are spinning. If the Dix-Hallpike test doesn't show a clear result, you may be asked to do other tests. Your provider will do a physical exam and ask about your medical history. You may have brain and nervous system (neurological) tests to rule out other causes. These may include: EEG Electronystagmography (ENG) Head CT Head MRI Hearing test Magnetic resonance angiography of the head Warming and cooling the inner ear with water or air to test eye movements. This is called caloric stimulation. Treatment Your provider will do a procedure called Epley's maneuver. It can move the small piece of calcium that is floating inside your inner ear. This treatment works best to cure BPPV. Other exercises don't work as well. Some medicines can help relieve spinning sensations. Antihistamines Anticholinergics Sedative-hypnotics However, these medicines often do not work well for treating vertigo. To keep your symptoms from getting worse, avoid the positions that trigger it. Outlook (Prognosis) BPPV is uncomfortable, but it can usually be treated with Epley's maneuver. It may come back again without warning. Possible Complications People with severe vertigo may get dehydrated due to frequent vomiting. When to Contact a Medical Professional Call your health care provider if: You develop vertigo Treatment for vertigo doesn't work Get immediate medical help if you also have symptoms such as: Weakness Slurred speech Vision problems These may be signs of a more serious condition. Prevention Avoid head positions that trigger positional vertigo. Alternative Names Vertigo - positional; Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo; BPPV: dizziness- positional References Bhattacharyya N, Baugh RF, Orvidas L, Barrs D, Bronston LJ, Cass S, et al. Clinical practice guideline: Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo. Otolaryngology: Head & Neck Surgery. 2008; 139 (5 Suppl 4): S47-S81. Crane BT, Schessel DA, Nedzelski J, Minor LB. Peripheral vestibular disorders. In: Cummings CW, Flint PW, Haughey BH, et al, eds. Otolaryngology: Head & Neck Surgery. 5th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Mosby Elsevier; 2010:chap 165. Post RE, Dickerson LM. Dizziness: a diagnostic approach. Am Fam Physician. 2010;82:361-369. Update Date: 9/25/2013 Updated by: Joseph V. Campellone, MD, Department of Neurology, Cooper University Hospital, Camden, NJ. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Bethanne Black, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team. Browse the Encyclopedia MedlinePlus Topics Dizziness and Vertigo Read More Dizziness A.D.A.M Quality Logo A.D.A.M., Inc. is accredited by URAC, also known as the American Accreditation HealthCare Commission (www.urac.org). URAC's accreditation program is an independent audit to verify that A.D.A.M. follows rigorous standards of quality and accountability. A.D.A.M. is among the first to achieve this important distinction for online health information and services. Learn more about A.D.A.M.'s editorial policy, editorial process and privacy policy. A.D.A.M. is also a founding member of Hi-Ethics and subscribes to the principles of the Health on the Net Foundation (www.hon.ch). The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed physician should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. Copyright 1997-2015, A.D.A.M., Inc. Duplication for commercial use must be authorized in writing by ADAM Health Solutions. A.D.A.M Logo Mobile version Get email updates Subscribe to RSS Follow us on Twitter Disclaimers Copyright Privacy Accessibility Quality Guidelines Viewers & Players U.S. National Library of Medicine 8600 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD 20894 U.S. Department of Health and Human Services National Institutes of Health Page last updated: 12 January 2015 tor

गूगल के अनुवादक

Last Update: 2015-01-28
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Anonymous
Warning: Contains invisible HTML formatting

visthapan ke symasya Infrastructural development projects frequently result in the displacement of peoples from home giving way to dams, highways, or other large-scale construction projects. This Article focuses on applying an ethical analysis of the tension between the right to development, on the one hand, and the resulting risks to human security and their human rights, on the other hand. The authors argue that displacement is a multidimensional phenomenon, not confined to physical relocation. It reduces the "quality of life" of human beings into sub-human conditions. Studies on the social impact of development projects suggest that displacement mostly affects indigenous people and ethnic minorities. Unsystematic and piecemeal approach to development has resulted in depletion of the environment and loss of ecological balance. It is suggested that this unsystematic displacement of humans amounts to a gross violation of Article 21 of the Constitution of India. The judiciary has further played an important role in protection of environment by incorporating "right to clean and healthy environment" under Article 21. The founding fathers of the Constitution, under Article 39, imposed a mandate on the state towards distribution of resources so as to subserve common good. However, the law which has been consistently invoked for land acquisition is a pre-constitutional law dated 1894 with 'compensation' as the only remedy for the persons affected by such acquisitions and having no provisions for rehabilitation and resettlement. Also, the Article lays emphasis on various international policy guidelines and mechanisms, designed to safeguard those who are internally displaced as a result of development projects. In the light of the above mentioned problems, the authors suggests that a comprehensive National Policy on Rehabilitation and Resettlement (NPRR) of displaced population be framed replacing the anomalies of NPRR, 2007. Introduction "Being forcibly ousted from one's land and habitat by a dam, reservoir or highway is not only immediately disruptive and painful, it is also fraught with serious long term risks of becoming poorer than before displacement, more vulnerable economically, and disintegrated socially"1. Development-induced displacement can be defined as the forcing of communities and individuals out of their homes, often also their homelands, for the purposes of economic development.Natural resource extraction, urban renewal or development programmes and infrastructure projects such as highways, bridges, irrigation canals, and dams all require land, often in large quantity. One common consequence of such projects is the upheaval and displacement of communities. It is estimated that 10 million people were displaced annually by these so called "developmental activities." However, national leaders and policy-makers typically viewed these as legitimate and inevitable costs of development, acceptable in the larger national interest. Pt. J.L. Nehru said 'If you have to suffer, you should do so in the interest of the country'2. Indigenous People and Tribal Disproportionately Affected Studies on the social impact of development projects suggest that indigenous people including tribals and women are disproportionately affected. The Scheduled Tribes constitute about 8.1 percent of the total population of the country according to 1991 census but they also constituted 55.16% of total displaced people which indicates victimization of the tribals. Development for the nation has meant displacement, pauperisation, or, at its very best, peonage for the tribals.3 Impact of Displacement Forcibly ousted from one's land and habitat carries with it many risk .Some of the identified interlinked potential risks intrinsic to displacement4 are: 1. Landlessness 2. Joblessness 3. Homelessness 4. Marginalization. 5. Food Insecurity. 6. Increased Morbidity and Mortality 7. Loss of Access to Common Property. 8. Social Disintegration.5 Development- Displacement and Environment In achieving the so called "greater common good" or "the national interest" the long run adverse impacts on the natural resources are ignored. Various developmental projects stands accused of the destruction of entire environments, including flora, fauna, landscapes, river systems, water quality, and shorelines as well as the creation of mercury contamination, greenhouse gases, water quality deterioration, downriver hydrological change, reservoir sedimentation, transmission line impacts, quarries and borrow pits. The large scale deforestation due to mining and establishment of industries has resulted in climate change and inconsistent weathers. Big Dams submerge huge area of forest cover causing irreversible loss to varieties of flora and fauna besides the land area. The pollution (air, water, soil and noise) caused by the industries accentuate the miseries of the present as well as the generations to come. No wonder that the environmental impact assessment of most of the big and mega projects reveal that such hyped and appreciated mega ventures are nothing but surviving at human and environmental costs6. It is high time we realize the need of transforming our developmental policies to answer the larger human and environmental requirements until it becomes too late. Human Rights Challenges That Arise in Relation to Development-Induced Displacement There is no doubt about the developmental benefits of any planned project, but these cannot be weighed against human rights. Human rights thus have to be considered independently. In 1986, the UN General Assembly adopted a Declaration on the Right to Development7. The heart of the problem is that people displaced by development projects are generally seen as a necessary sacrifice on the road to development. The Human rights that are affected : Right To Life The right to life and livelihood is threatened by the loss of home and the means to make a living when people are displaced from habitual residences and traditional homelands. The right to life is protected in the UDHR (Article 3) and the ICCPR (Article 6)8. In Indian context, The Supreme Court in Ollega Tellis case envisaged right to livelihood under the aegis of Article 21 and condemned the unjustifiable displacement of people from their land. Right to life doesn't mean merely animal existence but living with human dignity and all that goes along with it like right to shelter9. Moreover, Unsystematic and piecemeal approach to development has resulted in depletion of the environment which "makes life worth living, materially and culturally10."And so it has lead to violation of right to clean and healthy environment. Right to own Property The rights to adequate housing and security of the person and property serve to protect individuals and communities from being arbitrarily displaced from their homes and land. The right to own property and not to be arbitrarily deprived of this property is spelled out in the UDHR Articles 17 as well as in Article 6 of the ICESCR. Rights To Residence The eviction or displacement of persons unlawfully amounts to violation of the rights to freedom of residence11. Article 19(e) of the Indian constitution asserts right to residence as fundamental right. All these rights and many others are of direct relevance in the case of large-scale displacement of people. Indeed, in a number of cases, not only socio-economic rights such as the right to housing that are at stake but a number of civil and political rights, from the right to be informed about the displacement procedures to the freedom of expression, may be violated if the government tries to coerce people to move out from their homes12. Defects in Compensation, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Policy For the Government and its agents of development, cash compensation seems to be the only panacea for the problems induced by displacement and only policy for rehabilitation. It's hard to believe that how land, natural resources, means of livelihood, social and cultural loss resulting from displacement can be quantified and compensated in monetary terms? Moreover, the manner in which the law is framed and interpreted ensures that the displaced land-owner or house-owner is always the loser. The limited provisions in the Land Acquisition Act to challenge the rate of compensation are, in practice, inaccessible to the indigent and illiterate oustees. Even, only those landowners who were familiar with the legal details of the Land Acquisition took their cases to court. The value of the land is calculated as on the date of the gazette notification and interest is liable to be paid only from the date of taking possession up to the date of payment of full compensation. The LAA thus does not take into consideration the escalation of the market value between the time of notification and the date of actual possession. The ill-effects of the displacement induced by development ought to be taken care off by the state and necessary arrangement thereof made, i.e. the displaced persons be resettled in a safe habitat wherein they can start their life afresh. However, this would require more than mere allocation of certain piece of land for resettlement or mere construction of make shift camps for temporary settlement. What is needed is the "rehabilitation" of the persons affected by the projects; rehabilitation means to "restore to the former condition", and thus, all that was lost by displacement, the emotional, cultural, social, political and economic losses must be restored at a priority basis than to the Project itself, which is the cause of the impoverishment. The Ethics of Development Induced Displacement and Rehabilitation (Didr) In dealing with issues of development and displacement, important ethical questions are raised such as why is displacement often considered morally objectionable? Under what conditions, if ever, can a development project justify displacement? Is it ethically just to displace people so long as they are compensated? If so, what type of compensation is owed to displacees? According to Peter Penz,13 Three broad ethical perspectives that can be used to justify development-induced displacement are public interest, self-determination, and egalitarianism. The public interest perspective, embodied in cost-benefit analysis, supports the decision that brings the greatest net benefits to the population as a whole. The self-determination perspective privileges freedom and personal control. In its form, forced displacement (at least of those who legally own property) is unjust because it violates property rights. The egalitarian perspective privileges actions that reduce poverty and/or inequality14. Theoretically, can be justified here if it benefits the poor at the cost of the wealthy, but questions are raised when a project benefits an under-privileged group at the cost of another such group. As Penz points out, is an ethically complex issue, in which public interest and distributive concerns stand in tension with self-determination and individual rights. He concludes that there are conditions under which can be justified, but that these conditions must be strong15. They include the avoidance of coercive displacement in favour of negotiated settlement, the minimization of resettlement numbers, the full compensation of displacees for all losses, and the use of development benefits to reduce poverty and inequality. Unfortunately, in most cases of DIDR, these conditions have been violated. International and National Organisation and Policies Over the past decade, different international legal entities and institutions have responded to the human rights impacts and risks of development-induced displacement by formulating a variety of guidelines, laws and best practices. Some of the most important international guidelines and practice on this issue are: • The UN Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement. • The OECD's Guidelines for Aid Agencies on Involuntary Displacement and Resettlement in Development Projects, 1992. • World Bank's Operational Directive 4.30 on Involuntary Resettlement. • United Nations and Other International Organizations- Different agencies of UN work as cluster and have sectoral responsibility to deal with the issue of development-induced displacement rehabilitation and resettlement. a. The Representative of the Secretary-General on IDPs The report formed by this agency is the basis for the provisions in the Guiding Principles on protection against displacement. b. Internal Displacement Unit Using the Guiding Principles as an overall framework, the Unit identify and draw attention to gaps in the response to internal displacement c. World Food Program The essential condition for the provision of WFP food is the food insecurity of displaced people. d. UN Development Programme UNDP in particular has become increasingly involved in programs involving the resettlement and reintegration of internally displaced populations. e. UN-Habitat The twin goals of the Habitat Agenda are "adequate shelter for all" and "sustainable human settlements development in an urbanizing world. Recommendations Ill-consequences of the displacement lead to the requirement of policies and legislations that address the issues of not only development induced displacement, but also about rehabilitation and resettlement. Following are some suggestion and recommendations to deal with problem of displacement caused by development : 1. States should ensure that eviction impact assessments are carried out prior to the initiation of any project which could result in development-based displacement, with a view to fully securing the human rights of all potentially affected persons, groups and communities. 2. States should fully explore all possible alternatives to any act involving forced eviction. 3. Sufficient information shall be provided to affected persons, groups and communities concerning all State projects as well as to the planning and implementation processes relating to the resettlement concerned, including information concerning the purpose to which the eviction dwelling or site is to be put and the persons, groups or communities who will benefit from the evicted site. 4. The State must provide or ensure fair and just compensation for any losses of personal, real or other property or goods, including rights or interests in property. 5. Resettlement must occur in a just and equitable manner and in full accordance with international human rights law. 6. States should ensure that adequate and effective legal or other appropriate remedies are available to any persons claiming that his/her right of protection against forced evictions has been violated or is under threat of violation16. 7. To make new Law on rehabilitation and change the LAA (1894), since it goes against the rights of the poor. Rehabilitation should not be separated from land acquisition and that the LAA (1894) should be changed in such a manner as to minimize displacement and turn rehabilitation into an integral part of such acquisition. 8. The very basis of the Land acquisition policies in its legal premises is required to be compatible with constitutional frame of Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles of State Policy and Special Provisions for the Scheduled Castes / Tribes and weaker sections. The effects of displacement spill over to generations in many ways, such as loss of traditional means of employment, change of environment, disrupted community life and relationships, marginalization, a profound psychological trauma and more. The issue of Displacement is an example of how law has to be consistent with socioeconomic and political circumstances, and it appears to have failed in doing so. To conclude, there is a strong need to put legal thought into issues concerning the land acquirers as well as to thoroughly investigate issues regarding removing the imbalance from the system.

visthapan Ke symasya

Last Update: 2015-01-27
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Anonymous
Warning: Contains invisible HTML formatting

There was a problem with your request Please enter the email address and password associated with your Amazon account below If you do not have an Amazon account, select "No, I am a new Amazon customer." below If you do not use your Amazon account to sign-in to Audible, you may sign-in here If you need assistance, please contact Customer Care

तुम एक अमेज़न खाता नहीं है, तो कृपया अपने अमेज़न खाते से संबद्ध ईमेल पते और पासवर्ड दर्ज करें अपने अनुरोध के साथ एक समस्या थी, "नहीं, मैं एक नई अमेज़न ग्राहक हूँ।" चुनें आप साइन-इन के लिए श्रव्य करने के लिए अपने अमेज़न खाते का उपयोग नहीं करते नीचे हैं, तो आप यहां साइन-इन कर सकते हैं कि आप सहायता की जरूरत है, कस्टमर केयर से संपर्क करें कृपया

Last Update: 2015-01-19
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Anonymous
Warning: Contains invisible HTML formatting

problem in india

भारत में समस्या

Last Update: 2015-01-16
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Anonymous

there is population problem in india

भारत में जनसंख्या समस्या है

Last Update: 2015-01-14
Subject: History
Usage Frequency: 3
Quality:
Reference: Anonymous

250-300 word essay on greed is a big problem

लालच पर 250-300 शब्द निबंध एक बड़ी समस्या है

Last Update: 2015-01-11
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Anonymous

A house maid is an important person in a family. She looks after the routine household chores. She is of great help to the family. She takes care of the comfort of the family even at the cost of her own convenience. She works diligently even if she is not well. She does all the household work in hot summer and chill winter. Rampyari is our house maid. She is twenty-one years old. She has been working with our family for the last three years. She is a full-time maid. She lives with us. She is basically a Nepali. She belongs to a tribal community of Nepal. Her parents and spouse live in Nepal. She is very innocent and caring. Sometimes she becomes disappointed to remember her family. Once in a year she goes to his native place to meet her family. When she goes to her home we miss her a lot. In fact, we have become used to her. She is like our family member. My parents take great care of her as they do of us. Not only of her health and well-being they are also concerned for her education. They have got her enrolled her in a nearby school. A tutor also comes to teach her as we are taught. Rampyari is not good in terms of physical appearance, but she is very good at heart. She is of dark complexion, and very shy by nature. She does not mix up with us. She enjoys solitariness. But she is very caring and sweet-natured. She takes great care of us. When we are not at home, she takes care of our belongings. She keeps our things at proper place so that we do not have to face any inconvenience. She is always ready to do our work whenever asked for. Even if we chide her for her wrong doings, she does not take it ill. Sometimes my mother rebukes her but she ignores everything and is always around to help her. Rampyari is very active and labourious. She gets up early in the morning before we get up. She brooms the house and makes it neat and clean. When my mother is in the kitchen she is with her. She helps her in cooking. She arranges everything for her. She helps her in packing our lunch. She makes ready our water bottle. She serves us our meal. She is always at our back and call. When my mother goes to market she is with her to help her in buying vegetables. In my mother’s absence she looks after our grandparents. She serves them meals on time. She takes care of their other needs. They also love her as their own children. In fact, my mother feels free due to her. Rampyari is good at studies. She takes great interest in her studies. When she is free she devotes her time to study. She does her homework on time. Her teachers appreciate her sincerity, hard work and punctuality. Her parents feel proud to learn about her studies. Whenever she finds any problem in her studies, she discusses it with my mother. My mother helps her as does she help us. She encourages her for studies. In the evening we play with her. When we are for outing, she is with us. We also love and take care of her as a family member. Her parents feel good to learn all these. When my mother buys anything for us, she also buys something for her. When she goes home, my mother gives her gifts for her parents and spouse. She loves all of us. Even among her family members she misses her a lot. She is very nice. We eagerly wait for her return.

मेरी नौकरानी पर निबंध

Last Update: 2015-01-03
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Anonymous

mangalyaanIndia's Mangalyaan or Mars mission is an ambitious project that has been completely sidelined by the world media calling it unnecessary scientific experiment by a country that houses almost a third of the world's malnourished people. Contesting such school of thought, India's maiden Mars mission is a big scientific achievement that places our country amongst the exclusive elite in the space technology. India is the sixth nation in the world to launch a mission to the red planet. This was done at very low cost. ISRO's reputation for austerity is aptly exemplified by the fact that Mangalyaan was developed recycling an existing spacecraft body design. Also, it is a commendable feat of ISRO that it has achieved a successful first flight launch mission to the Mars, at a price that would put other space agencies to shame. ISRO which has indigenously developed technologies to launch spacecraft in the past is fast becoming a space hub in the country and is likely to generate thousands of jobs for our engineers. The Mars mission comes as a welcome relief to the country facing the problems of economic slowdown. It raises their moral and the common man feels proud at t our scientific achievement. This ambitious mission has strengthened India's foothold in community of scientific nations More enticing fact about this project is that the kids and teenagers are getting lured to pursuing rocket science in their higher studies. This is a healthy sign for the development of scientific temper in the country. The Mars mission aims to achieve utilitarian goals by digging deeper into the secrets of the red planet. The orbiter while making an effort towards sniffing traces of methane, would also measure relative abundance of hydrogen in its upper atmosphere, to introspect the history of water in this planet. The mission promises to generate useful engineering and scientific data that could be useful for further research. Those who say that India that is struggling with problems of poverty and malnutrition sanitation and hygiene should have kept away from taking giant leaps towards scientific fulfilment should understand that our problems are not because of lack of expertise but due to incapacity to execute the right policies. As a result the 450cr expenditure, incurred on ambitions mars mission should not become an excuse to downplay our capabilities and achievements. If critics say that it was an act of garnering international prestige then yes it is indeed our moment of pride, earned with self reliance. We should not ridicule the great efforts of our scientists, who achieved this feat with little exposure and at with a minimum cost

mangalyaan

Last Update: 2014-12-17
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Anonymous

Early Life Raja Ramanna was born to B. Ramanna and Rukminiamma in the busy industrial town of Tumkur in Karnataka. His father was highly reputed and served as a judge in the judicial service of Mysore state. His mother was highly intelligent and loved to read. She often read Shakespeare and Charles Dickens, though her favorite was Sir Walter Scot. Apart from gaining immense influence and inspiration from his parents, Ramanna was greatly touched by his mother's sister Rajamma, who was widowed at an early age but with his grandfather's support, she managed to move ahead and became the headmistress of a Government Middle School earning fifty rupees a month. Ramanna had his early education in Mysore, but when the family shifted to Bangalore, he was admitted to Bishop Cotton Boys' School. On completion of matriculation, he went to St. Joseph's School for his intermediate studies. He joined the Madras Christian College in Tambaram for B. Sc (Hons) degree in physics and graduated in 1945. He later traveled to England to attain his doctoral degree in nuclear physics from King's College, London. In 1948, Ramanna successfully obtained his PhD degree. TIFR Career Ramanna was extremely fond and highly influenced by Homi Jehangir Bhabha and was fortunate to meet him in 1944. He was introduced by an examiner at Trinity College of Music, Dr. Alfred Mistowski, who stayed back in India at the outbreak of World War II. Though Ramanna was still a science student, he was sure that this was not his first and only meeting with Homi Bhabha. On his tour to London, Homi Bhabha offered Ramanna a job at Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), the cradle of India's atomic energy program. Thus, on his completion of his PhD degree, Ramanna joined TIFR on December 1, 1949. Due to the relocation and renovation of the institute from Cumbala Hills in Mumbai to Yacht Club, Ramanna was offered two adjacent rooms on the fourth floor in Yacht Club by Homi Bhabha, seeing his interest in music. While the first room was for Ramanna, the second one was for his piano. Further, the ground floor became the nuclear laboratory of physics from where he started his project on nuclear fission and scattering. Here, he made several contributions in different areas of neutron, nuclear, and reactor physics. BARC Career Ramanna organized physics and rector physics programs at Bhabha Atomic Research Center (BARC), Trombay. In 1956, when India's first nuclear reactor, Apsara, was commissioned by Homi Bhabha, Ramanna was one of the youngest reactor physicists in the team. However, the major advancement came when BARC Training School was established in 1957 to develop the skilled manpower required for facing the challenging problems in nuclear science and technology under the leadership of Ramanna. It was under his directorship that India carried out the first nuclear test in Pokhran in 1974, nicknamed as Operation Smiling Buddha. He held the position of the Director of BARC from 1972-78 and 1981-83. Later Life Raja Ramanna was associated with a number of science academies and learning bodies across India. He helped in setting up the Centre for Advanced Technology at Indore in the early 1980s, which was dedicated towards the development of advanced accelerators, lasers, and other related technologies. Further, he even lent his support in the establishment of Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre (VEC) in Kolkata. He later ended up becoming the founder-Director of National Institute of Advanced Studies (NIAS), an institution set up by JRD Tata in Bangalore. Ramanna served his later years in supporting science institutions throughout the nation as President of Indian National Science Academy, Scientific Advisor Committee to Director General of International Atomic Energy Agency, President of 30th General Conference of the International Atomic Energy Agency, Vice President of Indian Academy of Sciences, President of Indian National Science Academy, and President of General Conference of Atomic Energy Agency at Vienna. He was honored with numerous accolades during his entire career tenure. Death Raja Ramanna passed away on September 24, 2004 in Mumbai after a cardiac arrest. Till date, he is highly honored and respected in India and Pakistan, and often known as the "Father of the Indian Nuclear Program". Honors Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Award, 1963 Padma Shri Award, 1968 Padma Bhushan Award, 1973 Padma Vibhushan Award, 1975 Meghnad Saha Medal of the Indian National Science Academy, 1984 Om Prakash Bhasin Award, 1985 R.D. Birla Memorial Award, 1986 Asutosh Mookerji Gold Medal, 1996 D.Sc. (Honoris Causa) by several universities Posts Held Chairman, Governing Council, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore Council of Management, Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Bangalore Chairman, Board of Governors, Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay, 1972-78 President, Indian National Science Academy, 1977-78 Vice-President, Indian Academy of Sciences, 1977-79 Scientific Adviser to the Minister of Defence, 1978-81 Director-General of Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO) , 1978-81 Secretary for Defence Research, Government of India Chairman, Atomic Energy Commission, 1983-87 President, General Conference of Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, 1986 Secretary, Department of Atomic Energy Director, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, 1972-78 and 1981-83 Director, National Institute of Advanced Studies, IISC campus, Bangalore, 1987-89 and 1990-97 Timeline 1925: Raja Ramanna was born in Tumkur, Karnataka 1944: Met Homi Bhabha 1945: Obtained B. Sc (Hons) degree in physics from Madras Christian College, Tambaram 1948: Received Ph. D from King's College, London 1949: Joined TIFR on December 1st 1956: India's first nuclear reactor, Apsara, was commissioned, which Ramanna was a part of 1968: Honored with Padma Shri Award 1972-78: Served as Director of BARC 1973: Bestowed with Padma Bhushan Award 1974: Carried out India's first nuclear test at Pokhran 1975: Conferred upon with Padma Vibhushan Award 1981-83: Director of BARC 1990: Served as the Union minister of State for Defense 1997-03: Served as a member of the Rajya Sabha 1996: Presented with Asutosh Mookerji Gold Medal 2004: Died on 24th September a

राजा-रमन्ना आविष्कार

Last Update: 2014-12-14
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Anonymous
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Quality is the most important measure of success for any organization. All successful organizations produce a quality product or service, but how it measured and what is the process to produce it. This paper will Chose a process at Abbott labs, Ross division, analyze an "As-Is" flow chart, describe the relationship of the process to the organization's strategic plan and determine the internal an external customers. This paper will also identify the most appropriate Quality Management tool that can be used to collect and present data, utilize your selected quality tool to analyze your process and identify process improvement opportunities, and estimate the level of improvement that could be realized and the value of implementing this process improvement. Every organization has certain problems that affect the quality of the product they are producing. At Abbott Labs Ross division the problem is the quality of the caps that are supplied to Ross from the cap manufacturer. These caps are essential to the production of the Ensure plastic bottle line because they seal the bottle after filling. The problem that Ross is having is the caps are not always a uniform shape. If the shape is off by just a little bit then they will get stuck in the cap-shoot and cause the line to go down. This affects the production deadlines and affects the on-time delivery of the product. This also creates a problem with the cap size that was validated by the FDA and any change in size has to be approved by the FDA using a Validation Change Request. Since the cap size is not the same as the ones that were validated then the whole process is in jeopardy of being shutdown by the FDA. This also would have a tremendous affect on the on-time delivery of the product to the customers. The strategic plan of Abbott Laboratories is to produce a quality product to the customers on time. This quality problem does affect the plan of Abbott by creating delays in the delivery time. It is important to any organization that they not keep the customer waiting to receive what they order because this gives the customer time to look for alternative to their product. Many do not associated on-time delivery as a product of quality but if a product is not received in a timely manner then the customer's first impression can be negative. Processes have different internal and external customers that are impacted by the process that would benefit from the process improvement. There are many internal and external customers that are involved in the process of the cap problem. The internal customers are the employees at the plant. Abbott offers a generous profit sharing plan based on the years profits. If the company starts losing customers then the employees' profit sharing will be affected. Another internal customer is the FDA. Although they are not an internal part of the company, they are the driving force behind the quality aspect of the organization. The FDA sets standards that the organization must follow during their manufacturing process or risk being shutdown. External customers are the retailers and the consumers. They are important because they are when the revenue comes from to pay salaries and investments. Customers are the reason that quality is important. Every process needs a Quality Measurement Tool to gage the success or failure of the process. The most appropriate quality management tool that can be used to collect and present data on the process improvement is the run chart. This is because it can display process performance over time. The run chart can also show the upward and downward trends compared against the expected outcome. Analyzing the data collected over seven day it shows that with an acceptable standard of thirty crashes per day, the cap problem is causing crashes above the standard five out of the seven days. This is causing a delay in the manufacturing process of thirty minutes per delay and with a line that is run at seven hundred bottles per minute the overall production lose is 21,000 bottles. With an average of over three crashes per shift above the acceptable standard, it equals out to over 63,000 bottle and 2,635 cases per day. This equals a six percent lose per week due to problems with the caps. The problem is with the manufacturing of the caps that are supplied by a supplier. There needs to be an immediate search for a different supplier to put pressure on the current supplier and to ensure that the six percent lose per week can be fixed. This fix can come from better quality from the current supplier or it can come from a different supplier. This lose is significant and has to be fixed immediately. The level of improvement that can be realized from fixing the cap problem is evident by looking at the data. Just by meeting the acceptable standard a savings of six percent can be realized immediately. This will result in increased revenue by supplying more products and reducing the amount of people it take to complete the process of making a quality product. The reason it takes less people is because it takes four to five additional people to clear a jam in the cap-shoot. These people include shop personnel that are the highest paid hourly employees in the plant. These quality changes will result in an immediate cost saving that will result in more revenue and better customer satisfaction. Quality is important to all organizations because it represents the vision of the organization. If an organization is not willing to be dedicated producing quality product in a timely manner then they will not be a successful organization because the customer will find an organization that will. Abbott has realized that quality is important and this recent problem with the caps can be fixed. With proper planning the process will see the opportunity of increase time and revenue realized decreasing the amount of crashes and time it take to complete the process of delivering Ensure in a plastic bottle to the customer.

गुणवत्ता पर निबंध

Last Update: 2014-11-15
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Anonymous
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Quality Circles or Quality Teams, as they are also known, may be defined as group of people brought together to solve a problem. Usually the group is between 3-15 members. Larger groups tend to get bogged down in discussion and often get sidetracked. There is no leader or management person amongst the group, hence the term Quality Circles. A circle has no end point. Each point on the circle is equal. A Quality Circle has the similar characteristic that each member of the team shares equally in the decision-making and responsibilities. However, a leader may emerge in helping facilitate the group towards its goal. Quality Circles can be used to improve a product or process. In some cases, management defines the problem ahead of time. However, in other cases management empowers the employees to identify and resolve problems that are identified by the group itself. There are reasons why both methods are useful. With management issuing directives, problems are more appropriate to be in alignment with the strategic direction of the corporation. This process may be known as Project Teams. A company may be surprised at how effective and valuable the Quality Team is. This is especially true in companies that empower their employees to develop their own problems and then provide solutions to them. This can be dangerous if not done correctly. A structured Quality Program should provide some sort of mechanism for feedback between the Quality Team and Management.

गुणवत्ता पर निबंध

Last Update: 2014-11-08
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Anonymous

or an understanding of the problem of poverty and its solution, one should first be clear about the concept of poverty itself. This will also help us in measuring the magnitude of poverty in the country. There are two types of poverty absolute poverty and relative poverty. Absolute poverty refers to inability of a section of population to achieve basic necessities of life. Relative poverty, on the other hand, refers to inequality in distribution of income and expenditure. Absolute Poverty: In India the concept of poverty has been approached in the absolute sense. In other words, it is not related to the income or consumption expenditure distribution. The concept of absolute poverty is relevant for the less-developed countries where absolute poverty abounds. To measure it, absolute norms for living are first laid down. These relate to some minimum standard of living. These may be expressed measured in terms of income/consumption- expenditure. Given this, one classifies all those as poor who fall below this standard. The number (and proportion) of such poor in the country’s population gives the measure of poverty. For purpose of the measurement of poverty, consumption-expenditure is considered more appropriate and relevant than income. The reason is that the actual consumption-expenditure which determines the living standard of a consumer unit is not always met wholly out of current income. Such expenditure can also be met from assets, debts and dissaving. Poverty Line: In India consumption-expenditure has been made the basis for the measurement of the minimum standard. The usual method is to fix a poverty level. This level is expressed in terms of an overall per capita consumption-expenditure. This consumption-expenditure as such, is needed to ensure a certain minimum calorie intake, which in turn is derived from the information on food articles. In figures, the poverty norm is anchored in terms of daily intake of2400 calories in rural areas and 2100 calories in urban areas. Those who are unable to incur this much amount of consumption- expenditure are identified as poor. They are identified as people living below the poverty line. On the recommendations of Lakdawala Committee different poverty lines were determined for different states. Magnitude of Poverty in India: The Uniform Recall Period (URP) consumption distribution data of NSS 61st round places the poverty ratio at 28.3 per cent in rural areas, 25.7 per cent in urban areas and 27.5 per cent in the country as a whole. The corresponding poverty ratios from the Mixed Recall Period (MRP) consumption distribution data are 21.8 percent for rural areas, 21.7 per cent for urban areas and 21.8 per cent for the country as a whole. The incidence of poverty is not same in all states. On the one hand we have states where poverty ratio is very high, like Orissa (46.4), Bihar (41.4), Madhya Pradesh (38.3), Assam (19.71), and Uttar Pradesh (32.8). On the other hand we have states where poverty ratio is very low, Punjab (8.4), Himachal Pradesh (10) and Haryana (14). There has been a significant reduction in poverty ratio during 1993-94 to 2004- 05 in Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Union Territories. Reduction in poverty has been unsatisfactory in Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and North East states. One significant fact about poverty is that while the poverty ratio has been declining in India, the absolute number of poor had remained more or less the same. Poverty ratio was 36 per cent in 1993- 94 which means 32.0 crore people were below poverty line. Though poverty ratio declined by 8.5 per cent between 1993-94 and 2004-05 but the absolute number of poor was estimated at 30.2 crores persons. The poor mostly belong to the weaker sections of the society like SC/ST, women, handicapped, etc. In rural areas they are the landless labourers, small and marginal farmers and rural artisans. The urban poor, quite many of them are immigrants from villages, live in slums and on pavements. The poor are weak not only economically but also socially and politically.

गरीबी पर निबंध हिंदी में अनुवाद

Last Update: 2014-11-07
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Anonymous

I think that parents are couples who created a new life. They have to protect, guide, and give a good future to their children. I also think that parents create their children's personality and they also make their children to go in the right way by punishing or talking to them. I believe that parents should be their children's friends so that if there is a good trust between them; a good relationship will exist. In other words, I think that parents shouldn't just be the people who punish their children; they should also be their children's friends. Unfortunately, this is not what happens with most families. For example, my mother is not my real friend because every secret that I tell her; she immediately tells it to my whole family. That is why I prefer not to tell her my secrets. I also can't tell her my problems because when something unfair happens to me, she always solves them. This really upsets me because I want to learn from my mistakes, but she doesn't let me do that because she always finds the solution of my problems. But, after all, she is my mother and I really love her. In the other hand, my father is the opposite of my mother. He is the person that I love the most. He is polite, good and comprehensive. He is so especial for me, because he guides me in the good way without punishing me, he helps me with my problems, but he doesn't solve them because he understands that I want to solve my problems, and not that other people solve them; he also trusts in me. I really think that my father is unique because there is no other father like him. He is the reason of my life, my love, and my happiness. As a conclusion, my parents have mistakes as all humans have, but they also know how to raise me. That is why I think that God blessed me when he gave the kind of parents that I have, because they are unique, they guide me in a good way and make my life easier.

अपने आप पर निबंध

Last Update: 2014-11-03
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Anonymous

essay about hyderabad in hindi languageHyderabad is a very big city. The size of the city is about 650 square kilometers. hyderabad was found in the year 1591 by fifth Qutb Shahi Ruler Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah. It is the capital of Andhra Pradesh. The Hyderabad city is twinned with Secunderabad which is separated by Hussain sagar. The city has an estimated population of around 8 million, making it 4th largest city in India, while the population of the metropolitan area was estimated above 9 million. Religiously and culturally, the city is united with Hindus, Muslims and Christians. Hyderabad and Secunderabad are twin cities, separated by the Husain Sagar. There are different kinds of people with different kinds of religion, language, dressup etc. Some of the common religions in Hyderabad are muslims, hindus, christians and sikhs. Hindi, Urdu, Telugu, English are mainly spoken languages Hyderabad. Hyderabad has a well-founded reputation as one of the safest cities in the world. Crime rates are very low and the streets are safe to walk in any time of the day or night. The minimum age for becoming a major in the society is 18 years. Smoking and drinking is prohibited in public areas. The temperature is also moderate in Hyderabad. It touches 8C in winter and 40-45 in summer. There are so many beggars in India and so many people below poverty line. Master card and Visa are widely accepted in India. There are electric problems and water problems in India. So many cinema theatres, resorts, parks and games are available for Entertainment in India. I like the culture and traditions mostly in hyderabad and the dislike is it is not well developed city

हिन्दी भाषा में हैदराबाद के बारे में निबंध

Last Update: 2014-10-20
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 1
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Reference: Anonymous

You should not be sad. Just the fact that you are alive and well, that's a great reason to be happy. We all have problems, but having faith in God, everything is solved. But we must have patience ....... For God's time is not our time

तुम दु: खी नहीं होना चाहिए। सिर्फ इस तथ्य है कि आप जिंदा और अच्छी तरह से कर रहे हैं, कि खुश होने के लिए एक महान कारण है। हम सभी समस्याओं है, लेकिन ईश्वर में आस्था रखना, सब कुछ हल किया है। लेकिन हम धैर्य चाहिए... भगवान के समय के लिए हमारे समय नहीं है

Last Update: 2014-05-07
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Anonymous

Therer is no problem which education cannot solve.

कहानियों

Last Update: 2014-03-26
Subject: Civil Engineering
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Anonymous

terrorism a problem

आतंकवाद एक समस्या

Last Update: 2013-06-27
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Anonymous

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