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safety training

kolambu kela kodiachi

Last Update: 2014-09-08
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Anonymous

ball badmiton rules

பந்து badmiton விதிகள்

Last Update: 2014-08-29
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 3
Quality:
Reference: Anonymous

carrom board rules

கேரம் போர்டு விதிகள்

Last Update: 2014-09-07
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Anonymous

essay road accidents

கட்டுரை சாலை விபத்துகள்

Last Update: 2014-09-08
Subject: Accounting
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Anonymous

Ball badminton rules

பூப்பந்தாட்டம் விதிகள்

Last Update: 2014-08-29
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 4
Quality:
Reference: Anonymous

desiya orumaipadu katurai Dialect Variation Variation in Tamil Tamil is one of the ancient languages of the world with records inthe language dating back over two millennia. Its origins are notprecisely known, but it developed and flourished in India as a language with a rich literature. With an estimated 30,000inscriptions, Tamil has the largest... Premium855 Words3 Pages FACTS ABOUT TAMIL LANGUAGE FACTS ABOUT TAMIL LANGUAGE INTRODUCTION: Tamil is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamil people of South India and North-east Sri Lanka. It has official status in the Indian states of Tamil Nadu, Puducherry and Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Tamil is also a national... Premium867 Words3 Pages Tamils Against Their World Katherine Loiselle Mrs. Paquette World Studies Honors English 9 May 2012 Tamils against the World There is a genocidal crisis in Sri Lanka, where the Tamil minority in the island's north and east are facing “ethnic cleansing” at the hands of the Sinhalese-dominated government. Sri Lanka has a population... Premium936 Words3 Pages Lerning Secondry Language for Military of Introducing Tamil as a second language for Sri Lanka Army We have been in a war for a period of more than 3 decades. Approximately 95% of the battle zone is located within Tamil speaking territory. Few hundred thousand civilians are living in this territory. Most of them are Tamil speaking and directly... Premium660 Words2 Pages Linguistic Rights Linguistic rights (or language rights or linguistic human rights) are the human and civil rights concerning the individual and collective right to choose the language or languages for communication in a private or public atmosphere. Other parameters for analyzing linguistic rights includes degree of... Premium1556 Words5 Pages Malayalam Evolution Malayalam (മലയാളം malayāḷam, pronounced [mɐləjaːɭɐm]( listen)), is one of the four major Dravidian languages of southern India. It is one of the 22 scheduled languages of India with official language status in the state of Kerala and the union territories of Lakshadweep and Mahé. It is spoken by 35.9... Premium1267 Words4 Pages Sri Lanka Conflict Resolution Case Study century listed four major races: the Sinhala (66%), the Sri Lanka Tamils (13%), the Muslims (6%) and the Indian Tamils (13%). The Sri Lanka Tamils and the Indian Tamils spoke Tamil. Most were Hindu. The Sinhala spoke the Sinhala Language and practiced Buddhism. The Sinhala were the majority throughout... Premium1669 Words5 Pages Causes of Conflict in Sri Lanka either born there in Sri Lanka or those fathers and grandfathers were born there. As a result, many Indian Tamils found themselves stateless. Though India tried to solve the problems, many Indian Tamils continued to stay stateless in the 1980s.In 2003, Sri Lanka passed the Grant of Citizenship to the person... Premium744 Words3 Pages tamil Tamil /ˈtæmɪl/[8] (தமிழ், tamiḻ, [t̪ɐmɨɻ] ?) is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamil people of South India and North-east Sri Lanka. It has official status in the Indian states of Tamil Nadu, Puducherry and Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Tamil is also a national language of Sri Lanka[9] and... Premium817 Words4 Pages Tamil TAMIL It is said that “Before the birth of stones and sand, brave tamil man was born”. It portrays the heritage of tamil language... Premium389 Words1 Pages decline of pan-indian identity Identity and the Development of Tamil Cultural Separatism in Singapore, 1856–1965 John Solomon a a University of New South Wales Available online: 04 May 2012 To cite this article: John Solomon (2012): The Decline of Pan-Indian Identity and the Development of Tamil Cultural Separatism in Singapore... Premium10993 Words40 Pages Samanam Samanam in Tamil Literature This lesson discusses the role of the Samanars or Jains in the growth of the Tamil language. It examines the pioneering efforts of the Samanars in enriching the Tamil language. It analyses some of the most important grammar, literary and religious texts composed by the Samanars... Premium606 Words2 Pages Sri Lanka War founding of this island country , originally Ceylon , the two main communities – Sinhalese people (majority , who occupied the southern part , and the Tamil people (minority , occupying the vast northern part of the country initially occupied the country with the Sinhalese people taking over the leadership... Premium1668 Words5 Pages Social Chapter 4 Case Study 1 : Conflict in Sri Lanka Sri Lanka •Sinhalese •Sri Lankan Tamils •Indian Tamils Sinhalese Sri Lankan Tamils Indian Tamils Percentage 73.8% 12.6% 5.1% History Stayed in Sri Lanka for more than 1000... Premium1363 Words11 Pages State Symbols of Tamilnadu emblem of Tamil Nadu contains the tower or gopuram of the popular Srivilliputhur Andal Temple at the center in yellow colour. The base consists of the Indian emblem (Sarnath Lion Capital) at the center in red colour with the Indian flag on both sides.The emblem also has 2 inscriptions in Tamil script,... Premium1402 Words6 Pages Ss Sl Notes Rights • Language Policy / ‘Sinhala Only’ Policy / Jobs in the Civil Service • University Admission • Resettlement Policy British Colonial Rule: • The conflict is due to British colonial rule because the Tamils were favoured at that time in jobs and education. • English-educated Tamils could enter... Premium730 Words3 Pages Is Multilinguism Inherently Unstable? problem of Sri Lanka has been one of identity. The Tamils want to preserve their identity and the Sinhalas want to overrun it. For much of the last 20 years it has suffered fighting between the armed forces of the predominantly Sinhalese government and Tamil Tiger rebels who want an independent homeland... Premium1209 Words4 Pages Conflicts in Multi Ethnic Societies born there. As a result, many Indian Tamils found themselves stateless. Though the Indian Tamils have lived in Sri Lanka for many years, they do not have basic rights such as education, jobs, housing and voting. In 1964, India decided to help the Indian Tamils who were stateless. It was agreed that... Premium564 Words3 Pages topics  TAMIL NADU OPEN UNIVERSITY GUINDY, CHENNAI – 600 025 TIME TABLE FOR JULY– 2010 TERM END EXAMINATIONS U.G. PROGRAMMES Time: Fore Noon (F/N) : 10:00 a.m – 01:00 p.m After Noon (A/N) : 02:00 p.m – 05:00 p.m FOUNDATION COURSE– OTHER LANGUAGES COMMON FOR ALL FIRST... Premium5434 Words86 Pages Research Paper About Srilankan War and a unitary state governed by a presidential system. It’s the pearl of Indian Ocean. This country is the home for many religions, ethnicities and languages. Firstly, the Buddhist which was thrown out of India was shipped to Sri Lanka. These are the first generation of people who stepped in to this Island... Premium2060 Words6 Pages

தேசிய orumaipadu katurai

Last Update: 2014-09-09
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Anonymous

desiya orumaipadu katurai Dialect Variation Variation in Tamil Tamil is one of the ancient languages of the world with records inthe language dating back over two millennia. Its origins are notprecisely known, but it developed and flourished in India as a language with a rich literature. With an estimated 30,000inscriptions, Tamil has the largest... Premium855 Words3 Pages FACTS ABOUT TAMIL LANGUAGE FACTS ABOUT TAMIL LANGUAGE INTRODUCTION: Tamil is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamil people of South India and North-east Sri Lanka. It has official status in the Indian states of Tamil Nadu, Puducherry and Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Tamil is also a national... Premium867 Words3 Pages Tamils Against Their World Katherine Loiselle Mrs. Paquette World Studies Honors English 9 May 2012 Tamils against the World There is a genocidal crisis in Sri Lanka, where the Tamil minority in the island's north and east are facing “ethnic cleansing” at the hands of the Sinhalese-dominated government. Sri Lanka has a population... Premium936 Words3 Pages Lerning Secondry Language for Military of Introducing Tamil as a second language for Sri Lanka Army We have been in a war for a period of more than 3 decades. Approximately 95% of the battle zone is located within Tamil speaking territory. Few hundred thousand civilians are living in this territory. Most of them are Tamil speaking and directly... Premium660 Words2 Pages Linguistic Rights Linguistic rights (or language rights or linguistic human rights) are the human and civil rights concerning the individual and collective right to choose the language or languages for communication in a private or public atmosphere. Other parameters for analyzing linguistic rights includes degree of... Premium1556 Words5 Pages Malayalam Evolution Malayalam (മലയാളം malayāḷam, pronounced [mɐləjaːɭɐm]( listen)), is one of the four major Dravidian languages of southern India. It is one of the 22 scheduled languages of India with official language status in the state of Kerala and the union territories of Lakshadweep and Mahé. It is spoken by 35.9... Premium1267 Words4 Pages Sri Lanka Conflict Resolution Case Study century listed four major races: the Sinhala (66%), the Sri Lanka Tamils (13%), the Muslims (6%) and the Indian Tamils (13%). The Sri Lanka Tamils and the Indian Tamils spoke Tamil. Most were Hindu. The Sinhala spoke the Sinhala Language and practiced Buddhism. The Sinhala were the majority throughout... Premium1669 Words5 Pages Causes of Conflict in Sri Lanka either born there in Sri Lanka or those fathers and grandfathers were born there. As a result, many Indian Tamils found themselves stateless. Though India tried to solve the problems, many Indian Tamils continued to stay stateless in the 1980s.In 2003, Sri Lanka passed the Grant of Citizenship to the person... Premium744 Words3 Pages tamil Tamil /ˈtæmɪl/[8] (தமிழ், tamiḻ, [t̪ɐmɨɻ] ?) is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamil people of South India and North-east Sri Lanka. It has official status in the Indian states of Tamil Nadu, Puducherry and Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Tamil is also a national language of Sri Lanka[9] and... Premium817 Words4 Pages Tamil TAMIL It is said that “Before the birth of stones and sand, brave tamil man was born”. It portrays the heritage of tamil language... Premium389 Words1 Pages decline of pan-indian identity Identity and the Development of Tamil Cultural Separatism in Singapore, 1856–1965 John Solomon a a University of New South Wales Available online: 04 May 2012 To cite this article: John Solomon (2012): The Decline of Pan-Indian Identity and the Development of Tamil Cultural Separatism in Singapore... Premium10993 Words40 Pages Samanam Samanam in Tamil Literature This lesson discusses the role of the Samanars or Jains in the growth of the Tamil language. It examines the pioneering efforts of the Samanars in enriching the Tamil language. It analyses some of the most important grammar, literary and religious texts composed by the Samanars... Premium606 Words2 Pages Sri Lanka War founding of this island country , originally Ceylon , the two main communities – Sinhalese people (majority , who occupied the southern part , and the Tamil people (minority , occupying the vast northern part of the country initially occupied the country with the Sinhalese people taking over the leadership... Premium1668 Words5 Pages Social Chapter 4 Case Study 1 : Conflict in Sri Lanka Sri Lanka •Sinhalese •Sri Lankan Tamils •Indian Tamils Sinhalese Sri Lankan Tamils Indian Tamils Percentage 73.8% 12.6% 5.1% History Stayed in Sri Lanka for more than 1000... Premium1363 Words11 Pages State Symbols of Tamilnadu emblem of Tamil Nadu contains the tower or gopuram of the popular Srivilliputhur Andal Temple at the center in yellow colour. The base consists of the Indian emblem (Sarnath Lion Capital) at the center in red colour with the Indian flag on both sides.The emblem also has 2 inscriptions in Tamil script,... Premium1402 Words6 Pages Ss Sl Notes Rights • Language Policy / ‘Sinhala Only’ Policy / Jobs in the Civil Service • University Admission • Resettlement Policy British Colonial Rule: • The conflict is due to British colonial rule because the Tamils were favoured at that time in jobs and education. • English-educated Tamils could enter... Premium730 Words3 Pages Is Multilinguism Inherently Unstable? problem of Sri Lanka has been one of identity. The Tamils want to preserve their identity and the Sinhalas want to overrun it. For much of the last 20 years it has suffered fighting between the armed forces of the predominantly Sinhalese government and Tamil Tiger rebels who want an independent homeland... Premium1209 Words4 Pages Conflicts in Multi Ethnic Societies born there. As a result, many Indian Tamils found themselves stateless. Though the Indian Tamils have lived in Sri Lanka for many years, they do not have basic rights such as education, jobs, housing and voting. In 1964, India decided to help the Indian Tamils who were stateless. It was agreed that... Premium564 Words3 Pages topics  TAMIL NADU OPEN UNIVERSITY GUINDY, CHENNAI – 600 025 TIME TABLE FOR JULY– 2010 TERM END EXAMINATIONS U.G. PROGRAMMES Time: Fore Noon (F/N) : 10:00 a.m – 01:00 p.m After Noon (A/N) : 02:00 p.m – 05:00 p.m FOUNDATION COURSE– OTHER LANGUAGES COMMON FOR ALL FIRST... Premium5434 Words86 Pages Research Paper About Srilankan War and a unitary state governed by a presidential system. It’s the pearl of Indian Ocean. This country is the home for many religions, ethnicities and languages. Firstly, the Buddhist which was thrown out of India was shipped to Sri Lanka. These are the first generation of people who stepped in to this Island... Premium2060 Words6 Pages

தேசிய orumaipadu katurai Dialect Variation Variation in Tamil Tamil is one of the ancient languages of the world with records inthe language dating back over two millennia. Its origins are notprecisely known, but it developed and flourished in India as a language with a rich literature. With an estimated 30,000inscriptions, Tamil has the largest... Premium855 Words3 Pages FACTS ABOUT TAMIL LANGUAGE FACTS ABOUT TAMIL LANGUAGE INTRODUCTION: Tamil is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamil people of South India and North-east Sri Lanka. It has official status in the Indian states of Tamil Nadu, Puducherry and Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Tamil is also a national... Premium867 Words3 Pages Tamils Against Their World Katherine Loiselle Mrs. Paquette World Studies Honors English 9 May 2012 Tamils against the World There is a genocidal crisis in Sri Lanka, where the Tamil minority in the island's north and east are facing “ethnic cleansing” at the hands of the Sinhalese-dominated government. Sri Lanka has a population... Premium936 Words3 Pages Lerning Secondry Language for Military of Introducing Tamil as a second language for Sri Lanka Army We have been in a war for a period of more than 3 decades. Approximately 95% of the battle zone is located within Tamil speaking territory. Few hundred thousand civilians are living in this territory. Most of them are Tamil speaking and directly... Premium660 Words2 Pages Linguistic Rights Linguistic rights (or language rights or linguistic human rights) are the human and civil rights concerning the individual and collective right to choose the language or languages for communication in a private or public atmosphere. Other parameters for analyzing linguistic rights includes degree of... Premium1556 Words5 Pages Malayalam Evolution Malayalam (മലയാളം malayāḷam, pronounced [mɐləjaːɭɐm]( listen)), is one of the four major Dravidian languages of southern India. It is one of the 22 scheduled languages of India with official language status in the state of Kerala and the union territories of Lakshadweep and Mahé. It is spoken by 35.9... Premium1267 Words4 Pages Sri Lanka Conflict Resolution Case Study century listed four major races: the Sinhala (66%), the Sri Lanka Tamils (13%), the Muslims (6%) and the Indian Tamils (13%). The Sri Lanka Tamils and the Indian Tamils spoke Tamil. Most were Hindu. The Sinhala spoke the Sinhala Language and practiced Buddhism. The Sinhala were the majority throughout... Premium1669 Words5 Pages Causes of Conflict in Sri Lanka either born there in Sri Lanka or those fathers and grandfathers were born there. As a result, many Indian Tamils found themselves stateless. Though India tried to solve the problems, many Indian Tamils continued to stay stateless in the 1980s.In 2003, Sri Lanka passed the Grant of Citizenship to the person... Premium744 Words3 Pages tamil Tamil /ˈtæmɪl/[8] (தமிழ், tamiḻ, [t̪ɐmɨɻ] ?) is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamil people of South India and North-east Sri Lanka. It has official status in the Indian states of Tamil Nadu, Puducherry and Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Tamil is also a national language of Sri Lanka[9] and... Premium817 Words4 Pages Tamil TAMIL It is said that “Before the birth of stones and sand, brave tamil man was born”. It portrays the heritage of tamil language... Premium389 Words1 Pages decline of pan-indian identity Identity and the Development of Tamil Cultural Separatism in Singapore, 1856–1965 John Solomon a a University of New South Wales Available online: 04 May 2012 To cite this article: John Solomon (2012): The Decline of Pan-Indian Identity and the Development of Tamil Cultural Separatism in Singapore... Premium10993 Words40 Pages Samanam Samanam in Tamil Literature This lesson discusses the role of the Samanars or Jains in the growth of the Tamil language. It examines the pioneering efforts of the Samanars in enriching the Tamil language. It analyses some of the most important grammar, literary and religious texts composed by the Samanars... Premium606 Words2 Pages Sri Lanka War founding of this island country , originally Ceylon , the two main communities – Sinhalese people (majority , who occupied the southern part , and the Tamil people (minority , occupying the vast northern part of the country initially occupied the country with the Sinhalese people taking over the leadership... Premium1668 Words5 Pages Social Chapter 4 Case Study 1 : Conflict in Sri Lanka Sri Lanka •Sinhalese •Sri Lankan Tamils •Indian Tamils Sinhalese Sri Lankan Tamils Indian Tamils Percentage 73.8% 12.6% 5.1% History Stayed in Sri Lanka for more than 1000... Premium1363 Words11 Pages State Symbols of Tamilnadu emblem of Tamil Nadu contains the tower or gopuram of the popular Srivilliputhur Andal Temple at the center in yellow colour. The base consists of the Indian emblem (Sarnath Lion Capital) at the center in red colour with the Indian flag on both sides.The emblem also has 2 inscriptions in Tamil script,... Premium1402 Words6 Pages Ss Sl Notes Rights • Language Policy / ‘Sinhala Only’ Policy / Jobs in the Civil Service • University Admission • Resettlement Policy British Colonial Rule: • The conflict is due to British colonial rule because the Tamils were favoured at that time in jobs and education. • English-educated Tamils could enter... Premium730 Words3 Pages Is Multilinguism Inherently Unstable? problem of Sri Lanka has been one of identity. The Tamils want to preserve their identity and the Sinhalas want to overrun it. For much of the last 20 years it has suffered fighting between the armed forces of the predominantly Sinhalese government and Tamil Tiger rebels who want an independent homeland... Premium1209 Words4 Pages Conflicts in Multi Ethnic Societies born there. As a result, many Indian Tamils found themselves stateless. Though the Indian Tamils have lived in Sri Lanka for many years, they do not have basic rights such as education, jobs, housing and voting. In 1964, India decided to help the Indian Tamils who were stateless. It was agreed that... Premium564 Words3 Pages topics  TAMIL NADU OPEN UNIVERSITY GUINDY, CHENNAI – 600 025 TIME TABLE FOR JULY– 2010 TERM END EXAMINATIONS U.G. PROGRAMMES Time: Fore Noon (F/N) : 10:00 a.m – 01:00 p.m After Noon (A/N) : 02:00 p.m – 05:00 p.m FOUNDATION COURSE– OTHER LANGUAGES COMMON FOR ALL FIRST... Premium5434 Words86 Pages Research Paper About Srilankan War and a unitary state governed by a presidential system. It’s the pearl of Indian Ocean. This country is the home for many religions, ethnicities and languages. Firstly, the Buddhist which was thrown out of India was shipped to Sri Lanka. These are the first generation of people who stepped in to this Island... Premium2060 Words6 Pages

Last Update: 2014-09-09
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Anonymous

Every day night shift Gate No#3&4 (Entry and Exit) Side CSS cab drivers and Employees was standing front of the Gate, Yesterday at 22.45 Gate No#3&4 side road was full Traffic jam because that CSS Persons was standing the vehicle movement time, That time road side one of the public was came and problem with our security team and my self spoken and solve the problem , After am spoken to CSS Transport Admin Mr.Jhon regarding this issues, he was told we will inform to our team and take action for this.

தமிழ் மொழிபெயர்ப்பு சேவை இலவச ஆன்லைன் ஆங்கிலம்

Last Update: 2014-09-08
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Anonymous
Warning: Contains invisible HTML formatting

road safety rules This was brought into effect from July 1, 1989. It serves as a basic guide for the Indian driver, showcasing the rules which he has to follow, while on the roads. It deals with basic facts such as overtaking, traffic signals, towing, speed limits, the necessary documents to be carried while driving and other such neglected, but imperative points nonetheless. Short Title And Commencement (a)These regulations may be called the Rules Of The Roads Regulations, 1989. (b) They shall come into force from July 1, 1989. Keep Left The driver of a motor vehicle shall drive the vehicle as close to the left side of the road as may be expedient and shall allow all traffic which is proceeding in the opposite direction to pass on his left hand side. Turning to Left And Right The driver of a motor vehicle shall: -- when turning to the left, drive as close as maybe to the left hand side of the road from which he is making the turn and of the road which he is entering. -- when turning to the right draw as near as near as may be to the centre of the road which the driver is entering. Passing to The Right Except as provided in regulation 5, the driver of a motor vehicle shall pass to the right of all traffic proceeding in the same direction as himself. Passing to The Left The driver of a motor vehicle may pass to the left of a vehicle, the driver of which having indicated an intention to turn to the right has drawn to the centre of the road and may pass on either side, a tram car or other vehicle running on fixed rails whether travelling in the same direction as himself or otherwise provided that in no case shall he pass a tram car at a time or in a manner likely to cause danger or inconvenience to other users of the road including persons leaving or about to enter tram cars. Overtaking Prohibited In Certain Cases The driver of a motor vehicle shall not pass a vehicle travelling in the same direction as himself: (a) if his passing is likely to pass inconvenience or danger to other traffic proceeding in any direction; (b) if he is near a point, a bend or corner or a hill or other obstruction of any kind that renders the road ahead not clearly visible; (c) if he knows that the driver who is following him has not signaled that he may be overtaken. Overtaking Not To Be Obstructed The driver of a motor vehicle shall not, when being overtaken or being passed by another vehicle, increase speed or do anything in any way to prevent the other vehicle from passing him. Caution at Road Junction The driver of a motor vehicle shall slow down when approaching a road intersection, a road junction, pedestrian crossing or a road corner, and shall not enter any such intersection, junction or crossing until he has become aware that he may do so without endangering the safety of persons thereon. Giving Way to Traffic At Road Junction The driver of a motor vehicle shall, on entering a road interjection at which traffic is not being regulated, if the road entered is a main road designated as such, give way to the vehicles proceeding along the road, and in any other case give way to all traffic approaching to the intersection on his right hand. Fire Service Vehicles and Ambulances To Be Given Free Passage Each driver shall on the approach of a fire service vehicle or an ambulance allow it free passage by drawing it to the side of the road. Right of Way Pedestrians have the right of way at uncontrolled pedestrian crossings. When any road is provided with a footpath or cycle track especially for other traffic, except with permission of a police officer in uniform, a driver shall not drive on such footpath or track. Taking 'U' Turn No driver shall take a 'U' turn where 'U' turn is especially prohibited and on a busy traffic road. If a 'U' turn is allowed the driver shall slow signal by hand as for a right turn, watch in the rear view mirror and turn when safe to do so. Signals to Be given by Drivers The following signals shall be used by drivers of all motor vehicles namely:- (a) When about to slow down, a driver shall extend his right arm with the palm downward and to the right of the vehicle and shall move the arm so extended up and down several times in such a manner that the signal can be seen by the driver of any vehicle which maybe behind him. (b) When about to stop, the driver shall raise his right forearm vertically outside of and to the right of the vehicle, palm to the right. (c) When about to turn to the right or to drive to the right hand side of the road in order to pass another vehicle or for any other purpose, a driver shall extend his right hand in a horizontal position outside of and to the right of his vehicle with the palm of the hand turned to the front. (d) When about to turn to the left or to drive to the left to the left hand side of the road a driver shall extend his right arm and rotate it in an anticlockwise direction. (e) When a driver wishes to indicate to a driver of a vehicle behind him that he desires to overtake him he shall extend his right hand and arm horizontally outside of and to the right of the vehicle and shall bring the arm backward and forward in a semi- circular motion. Direction Indicator The signals referred to in regulation 12, may be simplified also by mechanical or electrical devices. Parking of The Vehicle (a) Every driver of a motor vehicle parking on any road shall park in such a way that it does not cause or is not likely to cause danger, obstruction or undue in convenience to other road users and if the manner of parking is indicated by any sign board or markings on the road side, he shall park the vehicle in such a manner. (b) A driver of a motor vehicle shall not park his vehicle:- (i) At or near a road crossing, a bend, top of a hill or a humpbacked bridge; (ii) On a footpath; (iii) Near a traffic light or pedestrian crossing; (iv) In a main road or one carrying fast vehicle; (v) Opposite another parked vehicle or as obstruction to other vehicle; (vi) Alongside another parked vehicle; (vii) On roads or at places where there is a continuous white line with or without a broken line; (viii) Near a bus stop, school or hospital entrance or blocking a traffic sign or entrance to a premises or a fire hydrant; (ix) On the wrong side of the road; (x) Where parking is prohibited; (xi) Away from the edge of the footpath

சாலை பாதுகாப்பு விதிகள்

Last Update: 2014-09-08
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 4
Quality:
Reference: Anonymous

free online english to The increasing legal and customer demands on passive safety of automobiles have to be fulfilled under the conditions of shortened development times coupled with reduction in cost. The international regulations for buses are not very specific about the protection of occupant and driver during the frontal crashes. Some regulations such as ECE R 80, FMVSS 208 and AIS 31 deal with the strength of seat structure and their anchorages. This thesis attempts to improve the safety of the bus structure in frontal crashes by using different structural modifications such of change of cross sections of the structural member of existing bus body, providing the notches in the structure and also introducing crush box in the frontal structure so that the energy during frontal type of accidents are absorbed to a greater extent. The objective of the research is to make a computational assessment of a chassis type bus body structure for frontal impact analysis with a view to improve its design, and also to develop a reliable methodology for improving the structure. In this research an attempt has been made to develop and validate the model of a chassis type bus for frontal impact. A geometric model of a bus structure was created by using CATIA cad package, discritized using Hypermesh and the analysis was made by using explicit solver LS-Dyna. The cost of actual testing of a bus for frontal impact and the time frame involved coupled with lack of facility necessitate the recourse to computer simulations. Today the design process of a bus with regard to its crashworthiness function is driven by a virtual development. This thesis examines how the bus will behave during the full frontal crash with a rigid barrier. The technique of finite element analysis was used for estimating the damage to the structure of the passenger bus due to the frontal crash. The simulation study was carried out to find the behavior of the original structure of the bus made of square cross section and the results were referred as the base line results. Complete structure of the bus was replaced with circular cross sections and the results indicated that the sectional change did not withstand the frontal crash, because the intrusion was more as compared with the original sections used by one of the manufacturer. A preliminary study was carried out on crack initiators and also diffrent sections for crush bx. Based on the preliminary analysis, design modifications were incorporated for the frontal structure viz using square section with V – notch, crush box of hexagonal cross section and incorporation of both. These alternatives were tested using simulation. Displacement of H – point of the driver and centre of gravity (CG) before and after impact of each alternatives –vis- base line model evaluated. The design modifications introduced in the structure are mainly to improve the energy absorbing capabilities of the frontal structure. Intrusion of the frontal structure has been minimized compared to the original design and also the acceleration of the structure reduced considerably. This results in reduction of severity due to frontal accidents. This research work deals mainly with the design aspect of a bus frontal impact behavior of a chassis mounted bus body and the model has been validated using the existing standards and the procedures followed by the industry. As not many studies involving this type of bus bodies, this work will be an useful contribution in this field. legal

veekkam

Last Update: 2014-09-05
Subject: Automotive Industry
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Anonymous

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