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Last Update: 2014-08-06
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RE: ”Probationary Employment of Assistant Driver”
We are pleased to confirm our offer of employment and your acceptance of the terms set out below.
You will begin work with us on __________ as Assistant Driver and assign to Lorry # ___________ working together with Main Driver En.________________________.
Your responsibilities are:
1) To back up your Main Driver.
2) To load & deliver goods in good condition to M/S Keluarga Group of Companies customers in the Northern Region.
3) To service M/S Keluarga Group of Companies customers.
4) To work very closely with Main Driver and Conductor assign to.
5) To take good care of Keluarga Products
6) To take good care of Lorry assign to you.
7) Also together with Main Driver & Conductor responsible for any shortages of stocks from lorry.
8) To follow M/S Keluarga Group of Companies standard operating procedures.
Monday to Saturday – from 7.30 am until finish loading stocks from M/S Keluarga Utama S/B warehouse.
You are reminded absent from work for more than two consecutive working days without prior leave or informing after, so the contract of service is deemed to be broken.
Your will report to The Logistic Manager, ______________________.
Accordingly, we have agreed that the first 90 days of employment represent a probationary period, during which either you or we may terminate your employment for any reason without notice and without the payment of any further benefits.
If the probation period is completed successfully, the notification will state that you are suitable for regular employment.
Please return the confidentiality agreement, as well as a signed copy of this letter as soon as possible.
Yours very truly,
I, ______________________have read, understood and agree with the foregoing. I accept employment on the above terms and conditions.
Last Update: 2014-08-06
Every January during school holidays, Joan Tamutambo who works with Kaweri Coffee Group in Mubende District, usually hosts children of her family and friends on the farm for a period of one to two weeks. During their stay, the children visit the coffee plantations and the factory. They are taken on a guided tour of the processing process of coffee. Ms Tamutambo does this unaware that she is promoting a new emerging form of tourism called agro-tourism.
According to the Inter-America Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA), agro-tourism is “any activity, enterprise or business that links agriculture with products, services and experiences in tourism”. Agro-tourism is also a way of sustainable tourist development and multi-activity in rural areas through which the visitors have the opportunity to learn about the agricultural areas, agricultural occupations, local products, traditional food and the daily life of the rural people, as well as the cultural elements and traditions.
It involves a native farmer or any other person of an area, offering tours to their agricultural farm to allow visitors view the growing, harvesting and processing of locally grown foods such as matoke, pineapple, coffee, sugarcane, etc., or other agriculture produce the visitor would not encounter in their home, city or country.
Agro-tourism is increasingly gaining ground as an alternative source of income for rural communities, at the same time protecting the environment. We all know that tourism is well recognised as an engine of economic growth. It has great capacity to generate employment and offer alternative sources of income to rural communities. The concept of traditional tourism is, however, changing. New forms of tourism have emerged ie agro-tourism.
Many farm owners out there are not aware of the enormous benefits that accrue from agro-tourism. This activity can be established by an individual farmer, agricultural cooperative institute, farmer organisation or NGO agriculture support agency, as long as they have something unique to showcase to visitors. If well promoted and packaged, this venture can offer an alternative sources of income from sale of local food, crafts and experiences such as contact with wildlife, visits to exceptional landscapes and also learning about products and animals.
This form of tourism also works well not only for international tourists, but also for the locals. With increased urbanisation and its associated features where families are being raised in secluded and nuclear homes with high-perimeter wall fences, members of such families don’t have the chance to be close to nature and rural activities in which they can participate, be entertained or tour.
Agro-tourism will, therefore, go a long way in creating employment opportunities to farmers and the respective communities. Agro-tourism also helps in cultural transformation between the urban and rural people, including promoting social moral values.
The rural farmer communities practicing agro-tourism can also improve their standard of living due to the contacts established with the visitors. The incomes from this venture can be used to construct social amenities like clinics, toilets, water sources, among others.
The visitors, especially those from urban areas, are able to understand and appreciate rural life and also learn about the agricultural activities that they only read about. This can also in satisfy the curiosity of tourists, especially those from urban areas, about sources of food, plants, animals and industrial agro-raw materials.
Agro-tourism also provides opportunity for education through experiences of farming and knowledge about rural life, including entertainment. It acts as an instrument of urban connectivity through tours.
This new form of tourism also reduces the burden or over reliance on the traditional tourist centres such as national parks, cultural sites, among others. If well marketed, farm family members who are well trained in customer care and hospitality will have a clear understanding of what customers want and their expectations. This will help them develop different agro-tour packages for different tourists - an activity that has potential to uplift rural communities. This is one sure way of offering rural communities a sustainable source of income so that they don’t have to resort to using land for mining or to abandon their farmland and relocate to urban areas to find employment.
Agri-business support agencies-- private or public-- are encouraged to support this innovative activity by way of helping in the improvement of basic services in the agro-tourism sites such as sanitation and water, better infrastructure, and also help in the promotion and marketing of the activity.
INCREASES: The member shall pay during the term of this agreement all charges for services rendered at the rates stipulated and documented by Servcorp at its absolute discretion. The member agrees that Servcorp reserves the right to change, or vary the charges for such services upon giving one months’ notice in writing of such change, and such new charges shall apply from the date of expiration of notice. Monthly membership fee shall automatically increase by a minimum of 5% after 6 months and at each anniversary of the commencement date thereafter, unless a 12 months fixed agreement is in place. In case of a 12 month membership, a membership increase of a minimum 5% will occur at each 12 month anniversary of commencement date.
Last Update: 2014-08-04
Labisia pumila (Myrinaceae), is a subherbaceous plant with creeping stems and found mainly in the lowland and hill forests of Peninsular Malaysia at an altitude between 300 and 700 m (Burkill 1966). Decoction of L. pumila has been traditionally used by generations of Malay women to induce and facilitate childbirth, as well as being a post-partum medication to help contract the birth channel, to tone the abdominal muscles, maintain a healthy female reproductive system, to treat menstrual irregularities and to regain body strength (Burkill 1966; Wan Ezumi et al. 2007). The ability to enhance the contraction of the uterus has been proven (Cheong 2007). Increasing request for high yielding material of this plant from the herbal industry serve as catalyst for researchers to establish high quality planting materials to fulfill the industrial demand.
Therefore, in order to produce high quality raw materials to support Malaysian herbal industries, it is important to select genotype which either produced the maximum bioactivity and/or contained high quality active ingredients (Ibrahim et al. 1990) before it can be domesticated. FRIM has established a germplasm of 300 genotypes for both varieties L. pumila var. pumila and L. pumila var. alata (Farah Fazwa et al., 2010, 2012) with high total phenolic content which is more related to antioxidant activities. In order to produce high quality planting materials with traditional claim of L. pumila, a study will be conducted on the ability of the species to enhance contraction of the uterus. Furthermore, literature and patent search indicated that production of high yielding accessions based on uterus contraction activity has not been investigated and registered cultivar of L. pumila is unavailable.
In this study, aqueous extraction is one of the methods will be use for the extraction of the fresh leaves of the herbs. This method offers several advantages over conventional solvent extraction-less initial capital investments, safer operation, capability of discontinuous operation, and production of a variety of products. Another advantage of aqueous processing is the capability for utilization of certain chemicals to remove or inactivate undesirable substances (Carl M. Cater, 1974). A study showed that water extracts of L.pumila were able to displace estradiol binding to antibodies raised against estradiol, making it similar to other estrogens such as estrone and estradiol. The extract has also been found to produce a dose-response effect on the reproductive hormones of female rats, notably on the estradiol and free testosterone level.
For the planting part, the planting stocks are usually raised from seeds. The dependence on seeds as source of planting materials is inadequate as seeds are difficult to obtain due to depletion of mother plants. Propagation by seeds alone will not be able to meet the large number of planting stock required. Propagation technique by cuttings can be one of the alternative methods used (Hartman & Kester 1983). This method of propagation also offers useful tool for propagating the superior genotypes which will help to maximise quality and productivity. Rozihawati (2008) has reported the propagation techniques by cuttings, factors affecting rooting and nursery techniques of this species. Aminah et al. (2009) also reported the suitability of using cutting to propagate L. pumila using different leaf parts and areas. Research on propagating superior accessions of L. pumila based on total phenolic content has also been carried out (Farah Fazwa et al. 2013).
As a conclusion, this study will be carried out to to select high yielding accessions of L. pumila from established germplasm based on uterus contraction activity for breeding purposes; to propagate the selected high yielding accessions using vegetative techniques and to establish clonal bank from the selected high yielding accessions of L. pumila. It is expected that at the end of the study high yielding planting materials of L. pumila will be made available and transfer of technology conducted. These outputs are important to ensure sustainable supply of high yielding planting materials for the production of high quality materials to meet future industry demand.
1.1 Problem Statement
Phytochemical extraction is important for the selection of high yielding accessions of Labisia pumila. Literature and patent search indicate the selection of high yielding accessions based on uterus contraction activity have never been tested before.
1.2 Objective (s);
I. To select high yielding accessions of L. pumila from established germplasm based on uterus contraction activity for breeding purposes.
II. To propagate the selected high yielding accessions by vegetative techniques.
III. To establish clonal bank from the selected high yielding accession of L. pumila
2.0 LITERATURE REVIEW
Labisia pumila, commonly known as Kacip Fatimah in Malaysia, is a small herbaceous and slightly woody plant (Karimi et al., 2011). The habitat of this plant is in lowland primary forests at shady places or in secondary forests on humus-rich soils (Sunarno, 2005). There are three varieties of Kacip Fatimah had been recognized namely var. alata, var. pumila and var. lanceolata and each variety have its own use and function (Stone, 1988). Stone (1988) also identified that these varieties can be distinguished from each other by their petiole and leaf characteristic.
Traditionally, Labisia pumila have been widely used as medicinal plant especially related to women health care. It is locally known to be used for induce and facilitate childbirth as well as a post partum medication to help contract the birth channel, to tone the abdominal muscles and to regain body strength by traditional uses (Wan Ezumi et al., 2007). Other traditional uses include treatment for dysentery, flatulence, rheumatism, dysmenorrheal and gonorrhea (Mohamad Norhaiza et al., 2009; Burkil, 1996). Recently, it was reported that the bioactive compounds of L. pumila consisted mainly resorcinols, flavonoids and phenolic acids (Ibrahim, 2010). Polyphenolic contain in L. pumila have the ability to prevent cancer and heart disease (Tsao & Deng, 2004).
The main objective of this study is to select the high yielding of Labisia pumila based on contraction activity. The uterine contractility activity was carried out using procedure by Ayinde et.al. Estrus in the uterus of female Sprague Dawley rats will be induced using diethylstilbestrol (i.p.). The effects of L. pumila on the uterus contraction activity will be measured using Powerlab system (ADIntruments Pty. Ltd.) and compared to oxytocin as the positive control drug. The high yielding accessions of L. pumila will be selected based on of the highest contraction activity.
The selected L.pumila will undergo propagation using vegetative techniques to ensure sustainable supply of high quality planting material which benefit the producer as well as the consumer.
Objective 1: To select high yielding accessions of L. pumila from established germplasm based on uterus contraction activity for breeding purposes.
a) Phytochemical Extraction and Chemical fingerprinting of L. pumila aqueous extract
Plant leaf will be cleaned and leave to dry in at oven at controlled temperature until reached desired moisture content. 300 g dried and ground leaf will be extracted by refluxing using hot distilled water. The filtrate is then concentrated and dried using freeze-dryer. The crude obtained will be divided into two analysis, bioactivity and chemical fingerprint analysis (UV, HPLC and HPTLC). While, the FTIR fingerprint will be carried out on the dried and ground leaves. PCA analysis also will be carried out.
b) Uterus contraction activity of L. pumila
The uterine contractility activity will be carried out using procedure by Ayinde et al. 2006. Estrus in the uterus of female Sprague Dawley rats will be induced using diethylstilbestrol (i.p.). The effects of L. pumila on the uterus contraction activity will be measured using Powerlab system (ADIntruments Pty. Ltd.) and compared to oxytocin as the positive control drug. The high yielding accessions of L. pumila will be selected based on of the highest contraction activity. This bioactivity facility will be established in FRIM.
Objective 2: To propagate the selected high yielding accessions by vegetative techniques.
a) Multiplication of high yielding accession by vegetative technique
Multiplication of high yielding accessions of L. pumila will be done by cuttings. This method will be used to produce the high yielding materials of L. pumila. From each of selected accessions, 60 ramets will be further produced. These clones will be raised and maintained at FRIM’s nursery for six to eight months before they can be transplanted to field. The survival rate and growth performance (e.g height, leaf number, biomass) of these rooted plants will also be monitored and assessed during this stage
Objective 3: To establish clonal bank from the selected high yielding accession of L. pumila
a) Establishment of clonal bank plot
The clonal bank plot will be laid out in a Completely Randomized Block Design (RCBD). These selected clones will be arranged per replicate in three experimental blocks. For each replicate, the size of planting bed will be 1 meter x 2 meter. This experimental design will be applied to both varieties.
Upon completion of this project:
1. Phytochemical Extraction and Chemical fingerprinting of L. pumila aqueous extract and also test for uterus contraction activity of L. pumila on rats
2. Multiplication of high yielding accession by vegetative technique
3. Establishment of clonal bank plot from the selected high yielding accession of L.pumila
Last Update: 2014-07-22
There are two principal types, either the curtain type,which will snap shut upon receiving a signal (then requiring manually resetting), or the motorized type that can be openedor shut by use of an actuator. They normally have a minimum 4 hour fire rating.27 1900 SERIES SUDE
Last Update: 2014-07-20
The objectives of this study is to investigate the concept of shame in Islamic perspective , identify the level of knowledge of duty covering the aurat teenagers and teenagers do not want to know the cause of her future. Teenagers are among the community is that often cause problems in the dressing way inside or outside the school wants even when outside the home . This includes in public places such as shopping centers , hospitals and so on . Teens often wear clothes that reveal themselves, good boys nor girls . This study focuses on the genitalia among young people . The researcher also focused to a study in three secondary schools in Brunei-Muara District . The study was in three schools accommodate students both boys and girls , Berakas Secondary School , Secondary School Pehin Dato Seri Maharaja Secondary School Mentiri and Sultan Muhamad Jamalul Alam . In this study , researchers will be sending out questionnaires to 60 respondents and interviews conducted with four religious teachers and six students in Berakas Secondary School only. From the findings of the survey and interviews, found that teenagers dress style by runways Islam is moderate because the researchers obtained the findings primarily relate to the way teenagers dress in western culture when in public places. Only a handful of teenagers who are dressed in accordance with the Shari'ah. The youth should be given particular attention to dress is not un- Islamic . It appears from the results obtained by the researcher interviews , many respondents responded negatively to practice dressed teenagers .
Last Update: 2014-05-30
During our first Medical and Urban Entomology class, we have given a task to have a group visit. Our main objective is to gain insight of the status and management (by any institution and companies) that focus on insects of social and medical importance.
Since there are many members for Master in Entomology during this semester, we have been grouped in four or five. So, we worked in group to select any place that is available to visit. My group members;
1. Abdul Munir Bin Mohd Zaki (Group leader)
2. Syazana Binti Jumaan
3. Nurul Fatihah Binti Abd Latip
4. Ummi Fatin Hazirah Binti Abu Bakar
5. Nor Izyani Binti Ahmad Zaki
Our group has proposed to visit Pusat Konservasi Jabatan Muzium Malaysia. The purpose of this visit was to learn about the management and preservation of collections of the museum. Thus, the experience and knowledge gained from the results of the visit was very useful for us to understand more clearly the management involving damage prevention and repair means a collection or artefacts.
Unfortunately, we don’t receive any reply from the museum. During our class meeting, we present our work progress. Since it is difficult to find a place to visit before our mid semester break, our class leader Mohd Shafariza Bin Abd Manaf assigned for class organization. The next week, Khairul Marwan Bin Kahar group received a reply to have a visit in Jabatan Kesihatan Negeri Selangor located in Klang on 13th March 2014, the date in which none of us have any class to attend.
So, within a short time before we go visit Jabatan Kesihatan Negeri Selangor, we made a sudden meeting for preparation. Since there are no UKM transports available during the weekdays, we decided to go there by our own. We also decided to buy souvenir for Jabatan Kesihatan Negeri Selangor as our acknowledgement. Not to forget, we also invited Entomology lecturers to go visit with us.
On 13th March 2014, we gathered at 10.00 am and after a short brief by Mohd Shafariza Bin Abd Manaf, we departed from UKM at 10.30 am heading to Klang. Eventhough the program will be start at 2.00 pm, we have decided to depart early to avoid being caught by traffic jam. We arrived Klang at 12.30 pm. We gathered at Jaya Jusco Bukit Tinggi which is nearby for lunch and to set our Zohor prayer.
When we first arrived, we were having the briefing session talked about the dengue fever. I was very surprised and shocked because of the higher number of dengue’s cases registered in Malaysia by the year 1973 until last year, 2013. Selangor stated to have the highest number of dengue cases last year which is 23,852 cases. Before this in the year of 2008, Selangor have stated to have 21,262 cases but the number is actually arising even though many precautions
have been taken by the government. I was eager to know why Selangor has the highest number of cases among the others.
The staffs there highlighted the most important facts that we all should know such as the terminology and all the strategies they have done before to monitor the dengue fever among the Malaysian such as (1) source of mosquitoes breeding habitat reduction, (2) thermal fogging, (3) ULV fogging and (4) larviciding. They said that fogging is actually not the magic bullet to handle this problem!
After that, we were headed to where the fogging equipments are being stored. We got to see and hold the machines ourselves, which is the first experience for most of us.
We ended our program with a simple closing ceremony where our class leader Mohd Shafariza Bin Abd Manaf handed the souvenir. After that, we dismissed at 5.00 pm. Before went back to UKM, we managed to snap a few pictures so that the memories will last forever.
Expectation and Lessons Learnt
During the visit, my expectation is to get the actual facts about the infamous vector known as mosquitoes, namely Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus. Both are the vectors for the dengues fever that suddenly strikes Malaysian with the highest number of cases in the year of 2014. I love to know how they are actually managing all those cases regarding the dengue fever instead of their common fogging activities said to kill the adult mosquitoes.
Because of Selangor has the highest record of dengue cases fever, they need to overcome all the challenges of dengue control in this state such as (1) population density, (2) community mobility, (3) home and workplace hygiene, (4) environmental hygiene, (5) cleanliness of public places, and last but not least (6) the transient population like university students and foreign workers.
More than 85% epidemics were controlled within 14 days but the dengue prevention activities were still weak. There are some steps they have taken into account during having the big crisis: (1) Stop coordination center (control with schedule), (2) mobilization of local control team including Negeri Sembilan and Kuala Lumpur, (3) Additional provisions for services. They also made additional strategies such as (4) dustbin in places of public resort and commercial center, (5) audit reports from the construction site, (6) approval of building plans, (7) shared responsibility of all departments in PBT, (8) monitoring of the cleaning contractor and (9) ‘Everyday Enforcement’.
Eventhough dengue is no joke, but I don’t want to be completely depressing about dengue. More attention given to the growing problem of dengue can hopefully promote our efforts against it. The most important thing is the changes of attitudes by the citizens to overcome this problem. This is because everybody has been told about this issues long time ago but how much actually we take it seriously enough? This is a global disease that is not going away anytime soon, and awareness is the first step in addressing it.
Last Update: 2014-05-21
I hope this my mail will reach you in good
condition of health,l am really happy for
your reply, I will really like to have a good
relationship with you, and I have a special
reason why I decided to contact you
because of the urgency of my situation
here and I am miss. Amber 25 years girl,
Democratic Republic du Côte d'Ivoire , i
am the only daughter of LATE
The deputy minister of national security
before his death , he was also chairman
managing director ( OF DIAMONDS
COMPANY LTD ABIDJAN ) in the capital
of my country
, and it also exports diamonds, coffee,
cobalt copper, water, My father was killed
along side with my beloved mother by
some hoodlums,who parades themselves
as political thugs they accuse my father of
coup attempt ( which he never did ) In this
last elections between President Laurent
Gbagbo and his Dr.Alassane Ouattara
election contested presidential ,
I am constrained to contact you because
of the maltreatment I, am receiving from
my step mother. She planned to take
away all my late father's treasury and
properties from me since the unexpected
death of my beloved Father.
Meanwhile I wanted to escape but my
step mother hide away my international
passport and other valuable traveling
documents. Luckily she did not discover
where I kept my Father's File which
contains important documents. So I
decided to run to the refugee camp where
I am presently seeking asylum under the
United Nations High Commission for the
Refugee here in Dakar , Republic of
I wish to contact you personally for a long
term business relationship and investment
assistance in your country.
My father of blessed memory deposited
the sum of ($5.400.000.00 U.S.D ) Five
point Four million Dollars ) in Finance
Firm with my name as the next of kin.
However, I shall forward you with the
necessary information of the deposit on
confirmation of your acceptance to assist
me for the transfer and investment of the
fund in your country. As you will help me
in an investment,
and I will like to complete my
Last Update: 2014-05-20
Last Update: 2014-04-10
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