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malay to bidayuh

jom balik

Last Update: 2014-07-25
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 1
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Reference: Anonymous

Seni bina

Architecture

Last Update: 2014-06-09
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Wikipedia

malay dictionary - chinese language

set notations

Last Update: 2014-03-10
Subject: Mathematics and Physics
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Anonymous

Cherish what is the meaning in Malay

cherish

Last Update: 2014-07-06
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Anonymous

what purpose seems legit in Malay

Seem

Last Update: 2014-06-03
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Anonymous

Bina badan

Bodybuilding

Last Update: 2014-05-20
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Wikipedia

Seni bina komputer

Computer architecture

Last Update: 2014-07-23
Usage Frequency: 1
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Reference: Wikipedia

membina ayat profesional

professional sentence

Last Update: 2014-07-26
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Anonymous

menyirap gila ayat tu

annoyed by that sentence

Last Update: 2014-07-22
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 1
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Reference: Anonymous

Ayat al-Quran

Ayah

Last Update: 2014-07-23
Usage Frequency: 1
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Reference: Wikipedia

Nak bina orang salji?

Do you want to build a snowman?

Last Update: 2014-06-25
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 1
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Reference: Anonymous

contoh ayat bagi perkataan usahawan

example sentence for the word entrepreneur

Last Update: 2014-07-21
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 1
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Reference: Anonymous

surah al-maidah ayat 21

Surah al-Maidah verse 21

Last Update: 2014-06-30
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 1
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Reference: Anonymous

sama maksud dengan ayat awak di atas

same purpose with your verse on

Last Update: 2014-07-21
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 1
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Reference: Anonymous

bina ayat kesenangan

construct sentences pleasure

Last Update: 2014-07-20
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 1
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Reference: Anonymous

Ayat

sepuluh ribu

Last Update: 2014-07-15
Usage Frequency: 1
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Reference: Wikipedia

1.0 INTRODUCTION Labisia pumila (Myrinaceae), is a subherbaceous plant with creeping stems and found mainly in the lowland and hill forests of Peninsular Malaysia at an altitude between 300 and 700 m (Burkill 1966). Decoction of L. pumila has been traditionally used by generations of Malay women to induce and facilitate childbirth, as well as being a post-partum medication to help contract the birth channel, to tone the abdominal muscles, maintain a healthy female reproductive system, to treat menstrual irregularities and to regain body strength (Burkill 1966; Wan Ezumi et al. 2007). The ability to enhance the contraction of the uterus has been proven (Cheong 2007). Increasing request for high yielding material of this plant from the herbal industry serve as catalyst for researchers to establish high quality planting materials to fulfill the industrial demand. Therefore, in order to produce high quality raw materials to support Malaysian herbal industries, it is important to select genotype which either produced the maximum bioactivity and/or contained high quality active ingredients (Ibrahim et al. 1990) before it can be domesticated. FRIM has established a germplasm of 300 genotypes for both varieties L. pumila var. pumila and L. pumila var. alata (Farah Fazwa et al., 2010, 2012) with high total phenolic content which is more related to antioxidant activities. In order to produce high quality planting materials with traditional claim of L. pumila, a study will be conducted on the ability of the species to enhance contraction of the uterus. Furthermore, literature and patent search indicated that production of high yielding accessions based on uterus contraction activity has not been investigated and registered cultivar of L. pumila is unavailable. In this study, aqueous extraction is one of the methods will be use for the extraction of the fresh leaves of the herbs. This method offers several advantages over conventional solvent extraction-less initial capital investments, safer operation, capability of discontinuous operation, and production of a variety of products. Another advantage of aqueous processing is the capability for utilization of certain chemicals to remove or inactivate undesirable substances (Carl M. Cater, 1974). A study showed that water extracts of L.pumila were able to displace estradiol binding to antibodies raised against estradiol, making it similar to other estrogens such as estrone and estradiol. The extract has also been found to produce a dose-response effect on the reproductive hormones of female rats, notably on the estradiol and free testosterone level. For the planting part, the planting stocks are usually raised from seeds. The dependence on seeds as source of planting materials is inadequate as seeds are difficult to obtain due to depletion of mother plants. Propagation by seeds alone will not be able to meet the large number of planting stock required. Propagation technique by cuttings can be one of the alternative methods used (Hartman & Kester 1983). This method of propagation also offers useful tool for propagating the superior genotypes which will help to maximise quality and productivity. Rozihawati (2008) has reported the propagation techniques by cuttings, factors affecting rooting and nursery techniques of this species. Aminah et al. (2009) also reported the suitability of using cutting to propagate L. pumila using different leaf parts and areas. Research on propagating superior accessions of L. pumila based on total phenolic content has also been carried out (Farah Fazwa et al. 2013). As a conclusion, this study will be carried out to to select high yielding accessions of L. pumila from established germplasm based on uterus contraction activity for breeding purposes; to propagate the selected high yielding accessions using vegetative techniques and to establish clonal bank from the selected high yielding accessions of L. pumila. It is expected that at the end of the study high yielding planting materials of L. pumila will be made available and transfer of technology conducted. These outputs are important to ensure sustainable supply of high yielding planting materials for the production of high quality materials to meet future industry demand. 1.1 Problem Statement Phytochemical extraction is important for the selection of high yielding accessions of Labisia pumila. Literature and patent search indicate the selection of high yielding accessions based on uterus contraction activity have never been tested before. 1.2 Objective (s); I. To select high yielding accessions of L. pumila from established germplasm based on uterus contraction activity for breeding purposes. II. To propagate the selected high yielding accessions by vegetative techniques. III. To establish clonal bank from the selected high yielding accession of L. pumila 2.0 LITERATURE REVIEW Labisia pumila, commonly known as Kacip Fatimah in Malaysia, is a small herbaceous and slightly woody plant (Karimi et al., 2011). The habitat of this plant is in lowland primary forests at shady places or in secondary forests on humus-rich soils (Sunarno, 2005). There are three varieties of Kacip Fatimah had been recognized namely var. alata, var. pumila and var. lanceolata and each variety have its own use and function (Stone, 1988). Stone (1988) also identified that these varieties can be distinguished from each other by their petiole and leaf characteristic. Traditionally, Labisia pumila have been widely used as medicinal plant especially related to women health care. It is locally known to be used for induce and facilitate childbirth as well as a post partum medication to help contract the birth channel, to tone the abdominal muscles and to regain body strength by traditional uses (Wan Ezumi et al., 2007). Other traditional uses include treatment for dysentery, flatulence, rheumatism, dysmenorrheal and gonorrhea (Mohamad Norhaiza et al., 2009; Burkil, 1996). Recently, it was reported that the bioactive compounds of L. pumila consisted mainly resorcinols, flavonoids and phenolic acids (Ibrahim, 2010). Polyphenolic contain in L. pumila have the ability to prevent cancer and heart disease (Tsao & Deng, 2004). The main objective of this study is to select the high yielding of Labisia pumila based on contraction activity. The uterine contractility activity was carried out using procedure by Ayinde et.al. Estrus in the uterus of female Sprague Dawley rats will be induced using diethylstilbestrol (i.p.). The effects of L. pumila on the uterus contraction activity will be measured using Powerlab system (ADIntruments Pty. Ltd.) and compared to oxytocin as the positive control drug. The high yielding accessions of L. pumila will be selected based on of the highest contraction activity. The selected L.pumila will undergo propagation using vegetative techniques to ensure sustainable supply of high quality planting material which benefit the producer as well as the consumer. 3.0 METHODOLOGY Objective 1: To select high yielding accessions of L. pumila from established germplasm based on uterus contraction activity for breeding purposes. a) Phytochemical Extraction and Chemical fingerprinting of L. pumila aqueous extract Plant leaf will be cleaned and leave to dry in at oven at controlled temperature until reached desired moisture content. 300 g dried and ground leaf will be extracted by refluxing using hot distilled water. The filtrate is then concentrated and dried using freeze-dryer. The crude obtained will be divided into two analysis, bioactivity and chemical fingerprint analysis (UV, HPLC and HPTLC). While, the FTIR fingerprint will be carried out on the dried and ground leaves. PCA analysis also will be carried out. b) Uterus contraction activity of L. pumila The uterine contractility activity will be carried out using procedure by Ayinde et al. 2006. Estrus in the uterus of female Sprague Dawley rats will be induced using diethylstilbestrol (i.p.). The effects of L. pumila on the uterus contraction activity will be measured using Powerlab system (ADIntruments Pty. Ltd.) and compared to oxytocin as the positive control drug. The high yielding accessions of L. pumila will be selected based on of the highest contraction activity. This bioactivity facility will be established in FRIM. Objective 2: To propagate the selected high yielding accessions by vegetative techniques. a) Multiplication of high yielding accession by vegetative technique Multiplication of high yielding accessions of L. pumila will be done by cuttings. This method will be used to produce the high yielding materials of L. pumila. From each of selected accessions, 60 ramets will be further produced. These clones will be raised and maintained at FRIM’s nursery for six to eight months before they can be transplanted to field. The survival rate and growth performance (e.g height, leaf number, biomass) of these rooted plants will also be monitored and assessed during this stage Objective 3: To establish clonal bank from the selected high yielding accession of L. pumila a) Establishment of clonal bank plot The clonal bank plot will be laid out in a Completely Randomized Block Design (RCBD). These selected clones will be arranged per replicate in three experimental blocks. For each replicate, the size of planting bed will be 1 meter x 2 meter. This experimental design will be applied to both varieties. Expected outcome Upon completion of this project: 1. Phytochemical Extraction and Chemical fingerprinting of L. pumila aqueous extract and also test for uterus contraction activity of L. pumila on rats 2. Multiplication of high yielding accession by vegetative technique 3. Establishment of clonal bank plot from the selected high yielding accession of L.pumila

pekerja binaan visa

Last Update: 2014-07-22
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Anonymous
Warning: Contains invisible HTML formatting

Sejak dahulu, rundingan damai antara kedua-dua pergerakan tersebut gagal kerana masing-masing enggan mengalah dalam tuntutan mereka, apabila mereka berjaya mencapat kata sepakat...Israel rasakan ini satu ancaman kepada mereka. "Israel tahu kerajaan perpaduan ini akan menjadi pencabar dan menimbulkan banyak isu yang menyusahkan mereka," katanya ketika dihubungi Astro AWANI di sini. Awal Jun lepas, pergerakan Hamas dan Fatah akhirnya membentuk kerajaan perpaduan baharu Palestin dalam satu majlis angkat sumpah di hadapan Presiden, Mahmoud Abbas selepas 10 tahun terlibat dalam pertelagahan. Majlis ringkas yang diadakan di ibu pejabat Abbas di Tebing Barat itu, turut menyaksikan pembentukan barisan Kabinet baharu yang terdiri daripada 17 anggota dari kalangan teknokrat, diketuai Perdana Menteri, Rami Hamdallah. Pada 2007, Hamas merampas Genting Gaza menyebabkan pergerakan Fatah pimpinan Abbas hanya mentadbir Tebing Barat. Penubuhan kerajaan perpaduan tersebut akan menjadi langkah terbaik untuk menamatkan perpecahan politik dalam mencapai pembentukan negara Palestin di Tebing Barat, Gaza dan timur Baitulmaqdis, yang dirampas Israel pada 1967. Pada Rabu, serangan udara Israel di selatan dan tengah Semenanjung Gaza meragut 20 lagi nyawa pada Khamis termasuk tujuh wanita dan kanak-kanak menjadikan jumlah korban sejak tiga hari lalu kepada 70 orang. Dalam pada itu kata Dr. Hafidzi, pertarungan merebut kuasa politik di antara Perdana Menteri Israel, Benjamin Netanyahu dan Menteri Luar Negeri Israel Avigdor Lieberman turut dilihat persaingan yang memburukkan keadaan di Gaza. Jelasnya, Netanyahu kini dilihat cuba menjadi 'hero' di mata rakyat Israel dengan mengerahkan peningkatan serangan di Gaza. "Masing-masing hendak buktikan tentang semangat membela dan melindungi rakyat Israel. "Cabaran antara dua pemimpin ini disifatkan terbuka dan cubaan mengaut sokongan rakyat Israel dilihat dapat ditunjukkan dengan menyerang Gaza," ujarnya. Dr. Hafidzi menambah, tuduhan Israel dalam kes penculikan tiga remaja di Tebing Barat dijadikan justifikasi yang memberi gambaran seolah-olah penduduk Gaza merupakan penjenayah. "Israel menuduh dan tidak menyedari mereka sendiri telah memasukkan dalam penjara dan membunuh lebih 40,000 rakyat termasuk kanak-kanak Palestin selama ini," jelasnya. Sementara itu, Mahmoud pada Selasa menggesa supaya serangan tersebut dihentikan dengan segera. ayat

sentences

Last Update: 2014-07-21
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Anonymous
Warning: Contains invisible HTML formatting

The objectives of this study is to investigate the concept of shame in Islamic perspective , identify the level of knowledge of duty covering the aurat teenagers and teenagers do not want to know the cause of her future. Teenagers are among the community is that often cause problems in the dressing way inside or outside the school wants even when outside the home . This includes in public places such as shopping centers , hospitals and so on . Teens often wear clothes that reveal themselves, good boys nor girls . This study focuses on the genitalia among young people . The researcher also focused to a study in three secondary schools in Brunei-Muara District . The study was in three schools accommodate students both boys and girls , Berakas Secondary School , Secondary School Pehin Dato Seri Maharaja Secondary School Mentiri and Sultan Muhamad Jamalul Alam . In this study , researchers will be sending out questionnaires to 60 respondents and interviews conducted with four religious teachers and six students in Berakas Secondary School only. From the findings of the survey and interviews, found that teenagers dress style by runways Islam is moderate because the researchers obtained the findings primarily relate to the way teenagers dress in western culture when in public places. Only a handful of teenagers who are dressed in accordance with the Shari'ah. The youth should be given particular attention to dress is not un- Islamic . It appears from the results obtained by the researcher interviews , many respondents responded negatively to practice dressed teenagers .

Malay to chinese dictionary

Last Update: 2014-05-30
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Anonymous

I hope this my mail will reach you in good condition of health,l am really happy for your reply, I will really like to have a good relationship with you, and I have a special reason why I decided to contact you because of the urgency of my situation here and I am miss. Amber 25 years girl, Democratic Republic du Côte d'Ivoire , i am the only daughter of LATE DR.ABDOULAYE TOUR, The deputy minister of national security before his death , he was also chairman managing director ( OF DIAMONDS COMPANY LTD ABIDJAN ) in the capital of my country , and it also exports diamonds, coffee, cobalt copper, water, My father was killed along side with my beloved mother by some hoodlums,who parades themselves as political thugs they accuse my father of coup attempt ( which he never did ) In this last elections between President Laurent Gbagbo and his Dr.Alassane Ouattara election contested presidential , I am constrained to contact you because of the maltreatment I, am receiving from my step mother. She planned to take away all my late father's treasury and properties from me since the unexpected death of my beloved Father. Meanwhile I wanted to escape but my step mother hide away my international passport and other valuable traveling documents. Luckily she did not discover where I kept my Father's File which contains important documents. So I decided to run to the refugee camp where I am presently seeking asylum under the United Nations High Commission for the Refugee here in Dakar , Republic of Senegal . I wish to contact you personally for a long term business relationship and investment assistance in your country. My father of blessed memory deposited the sum of ($5.400.000.00 U.S.D ) Five point Four million Dollars ) in Finance Firm with my name as the next of kin. However, I shall forward you with the necessary information of the deposit on confirmation of your acceptance to assist me for the transfer and investment of the fund in your country. As you will help me in an investment, and I will like to complete my

kumus

Last Update: 2014-05-20
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Anonymous

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