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borang application untuk renew lesen jururawat

application form to renew nursing license

Last Update: 2014-03-22
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Anonymous

Perniagaan

Business

Last Update: 2014-03-20
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Wikipedia

Ahli perniagaan

Businessperson

Last Update: 2014-03-13
Usage Frequency: 3
Quality:
Reference: Wikipedia

borang be

form be

Last Update: 2014-03-09
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Anonymous

borang w

Sijil

Last Update: 2014-02-28
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Anonymous

borang e

e form

Last Update: 2014-03-14
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Anonymous

Ahli perniagaan

Ahli perniagaan

Last Update: 2014-03-13
Usage Frequency: 6
Quality:
Reference: Wikipedia

borang 14 a

form 14 a

Last Update: 2013-12-19
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Anonymous

Perniagaan runcit

Retail

Last Update: 2013-10-06
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Wikipedia

difinasi perniagaan

dictionary council

Last Update: 2013-03-26
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Anonymous

Lesen memandu

Driver's license

Last Update: 2014-03-04
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Wikipedia

Nombor komposit

Composite number

Last Update: 2013-11-12
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Wikipedia

pengajian perniagaan

in a fix

Last Update: 2013-09-19
Usage Frequency: 2
Quality:
Reference: Wikipedia

memulakan perniagaan

states

Last Update: 2013-09-10
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Anonymous

Perniagaan elektronik

Ebusiness

Last Update: 2012-09-13
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Wikipedia

borang,membentuk

from

Last Update: 2013-10-19
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:

borang hantaran mel

mail delivery form

Last Update: 2013-08-14
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Anonymous

Papan komposit
http://aims.fao.org/standards/agrovoc

Composite board
http://aims.fao.org/standards/agrovoc

Last Update: 2013-06-12
Subject: Agriculture and Farming
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:

Lesen Awam Am GNU

GNU General Public License

Last Update: 2014-02-22
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Wikipedia

PERMOHONAN LATIHAN INDUSTRI

CHAPTER 4 WELDING INSPECTION OPERATIONS The last chapter outlined desirable characteristics and responsibilities of a welding inspector. This chapter concentrates on the most essential operations involved in the welding inspection process. Welding inspectors can have a diversified range of responsibilities, depending upon the specification or code to which they are working, and the particular manufacturing or fabrication industry in which they are employed. Welding inspection operations will, for the most part, follow the general sequence of the fabrication process. The following outline is a list of activities encountered in welding inspection: (1) Review of drawings, specifications, and manufacturing instructions. (2) Review of manufacturer’s approved quality assurance/ quality control program. (3) Verification of welding procedures and personnel qualifications (4) Verification of approved procedure for qualifying welding and inspection personnel (5) Selection and examination of production test samples (6) Evaluation of test results (7) Preparation of test reports and maintenance of records (8) Observance and monitoring of recommended safety guidelines. 4.1 Review of Drawings, Specifications, and Manufacturing Instructions Welding inspectors should have a working knowledge of the product being manufactured, especially those components or subassemblies which they will inspect. Detailed knowledge of drawing requirements, specification requirements, and any manufacturing instructions is essential. It also is helpful to have a knowledge of the material to be used in the weldment because certain metals may require special treatment for satisfactory welding. Welding and related procedures should contain information that incorporates all of the specified variables for performing the operation. Manufacturing instructions details the use of particular procedures for various phase of fabrication. The welding inspector should be alert to any changes made in these documents to assure compliance with all other procedures and fabrication requirements. Deviations from drawing, specification, and manufacturing instructions should be referred to the appropriate technical function for resolution. In some instances, deviations from drawings or specifications should be referred to a regulatory agency approval. It is not always possible to write a specification that contains all the detailed information needed to provide an answer for all questions that might arise. Those parts of the specification that are unclear should be referred to the appropriate technical personnel for interpretation. 4.2 Review of the Manufacturer’s Approved Quality Assurance/ Quality Control Program The welding inspector should be aware of the manufacturer’s quality program. A quality program provides the administrative steps needed to inspect and control the quality of the completed product. Chapter 6, “Quality Assurance,” describes the elements of good program. Quality assurance includes all planned and systematic actions necessary to provide adequate confidence that a structure, system, or component will perform satisfactorily to design requirements or intended service. Quality control, which may be included those actions related to the physical characteristics of a material, structure, component, or system. These actions provide a means to control the quality of the material, component, or system to predetermined requirements. A quality program may include control over manufacturer’s procedures. This may include final approval and control of procedure revisions, or procedures and job order applicability. Other functions might include the administration of the manufacturer’s instrument calibration program. A quality assurance program will document compliance to requirements of the applicable code or standard. The inspector should have general familiarity with program requirements to assure the compliance with the program is achieved. The welding inspector should be familiar with rules, procedures, and methods for handling and reporting discrepancy findings to the manufacturer. 4.3 Verification of Welding Procedure and Personnel Qualifications Prior to the start of fabrication, the inspector should verify that the fabricator has prepared written welding procedure specifications that meet the applicable specification, standard, or code. The welding procedure should be capable of producing weldments with adequate strength, ductility, and toughness to satisfy the applicable specification or code. Chapter 10, “Qualification of Welding Procedures,” describes the elements of a welding procedure specification and explains the reasons for its use. Prior to start of production welding, the inspector should review the qualifications of welders and welding operators that will work on the project. It may be desirable, depending upon contract, to review the fabricator’s procedures for qualification of welders and welding operators. Some contracts may require this, and also require that the procedure be approved. The welding inspector should be sure that (1) only approved welding procedures are sure on the applicable contract, and (2) welders and welding operators are qualified. The contract should specify the requirements as to how this may be accomplished. Additionally, the welding inspector should be alert to changes of variables in any welding procedure. Changes or deviations in the procedural requirements should be brought to the attention of the proper personnel. Revisions should be qualified by tests where required and distributed to welders and welding operators performing the work. New performance qualifications may be required if the revised procedures exceed the welder or welding operator’s limitations of variables defined in the applicable specification or code. The chapters on “Qualification of Welding Procedures” and “Qualification of Welders and Welding Operators” contain sample qualification requirements and examples where welders may not be working within the limits of their qualifications. The objective of a welding procedure qualification test is to determine the mechanical properties of the welded joint. The objective of performance qualification is to determine the ability of an individual to deposit sound weld metal with previously qualified welding procedure. As with welder and welding operator qualifications, inspection personnel should also be qualified prior to the start of the inspection of production welds. The fabricator should ensure that only qualified personnel are allowed to perform inspection operations. It may be desirable or requirement, depending upon contract, to have a procedure detailing qualification methods. Some contracts may require the procedure to be approved. 4.4 Verification of Approved Procedures for Qualifying Welding and Personnel Although welding and inspection personnel are qualified in accordance with approved procedure, verification is nonetheless necessary to provide added assurance that procedures are applied properly and competently. To a large extent, the quality of welding and the quality of inspection depend upon the application of the correct inspection procedure. The welding inspector should verify that procedures specifically approved or agreed upon for the job are being used. The welding inspector may find it advantageous to prepared checklist for each inspection procedure to use as a guide for performing the required duties. Various recognized inspection methods and test are described in Chapter 13, “Destructive Testing of Welds,” 14, “Proof Tests,” and 15, “Nondestructive Examination Methods.” In general, inspection processes should be performed in sequence with the manufacturing operations, as established by the fabricator. These are good reasons for doing this, some of which are the following: (1) Interference between inspection and production is kept to a minimum. (2) Inspection operations required at a particular stage of fabrication can be completed (such as when performance of the next manufacturing step would make inspection of the preceding step impossible). (3) In-process inspection permits early detection and correction of deficiencies, improving economics and efficiency. The following sequence of welding and inspection operations is offered as a general overall guide. It should be understood that the actual operations and the order in which they are accomplished will depend upon the type of weldmetal, the method of manufacture, and the requirements of the governing contract. The inspector may want to establish witness or hold point to verify one or more of the items shown in Table 4.1.

Last Update: 2014-02-10
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Anonymous

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