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lelaki

what does the male

Last Update: 2013-10-29
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Anonymous

Lelaki

Men

Last Update: 2013-10-15
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Wikipedia

anak buah lelaki

son of man

Last Update: 2014-06-11
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Anonymous

pelayan lelaki

waiter

Last Update: 2014-07-13
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Anonymous

besi lelaki 3

iron man 3

Last Update: 2014-04-21
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Anonymous

lelaki lembut

bilingual dictionary

Last Update: 2014-05-11
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Anonymous

i mahu mencium lelaki kacak

i want to kiss the handsome man

Last Update: 2014-06-04
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Anonymous

game main romen

game play Romen

Last Update: 2014-08-14
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Anonymous

saya tak suka lelaki lain sebab saya dah ada yang jaga

I do not like the other guys because I already have one

Last Update: 2014-05-21
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Anonymous

Ustaz jom main bola

Cambodia

Last Update: 2014-07-19
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Wikipedia

mata yang sungguh menawan dan dapat membuatkan lelaki tergoda melihatnya

eye and was so tempted to make men see it

Last Update: 2014-04-20
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Anonymous

Auxiliary verb+main verb

and also miss a dear friend

Last Update: 2014-06-18
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Anonymous

Lelaki kacak

Human physical appearance

Last Update: 2013-09-06
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Wikipedia

beberapa kanak-kanak lelaki dihukum oleh guru besar kerana berkelakuan tidak senonoh

several boys is punished by the headmaster for misbehaving

Last Update: 2014-05-21
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Anonymous

beberapa kanak-kanak lelaki dihukum oleh guru besar untuk berkelakuan tidak senonoh

several boys are punished by the headmaster for misbehaving

Last Update: 2013-06-07
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 1
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Reference: Anonymous

kami lelaki macam anis munirah binti mohd asri tomboy ramai orang benci dkt dia .dia cuma perasan cantik padahal tak cantik pon muka macam paria ja semua orang benci hang anis munirah oi

wee

Last Update: 2014-08-11
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Anonymous

1.0 INTRODUCTION Labisia pumila (Myrinaceae), is a subherbaceous plant with creeping stems and found mainly in the lowland and hill forests of Peninsular Malaysia at an altitude between 300 and 700 m (Burkill 1966). Decoction of L. pumila has been traditionally used by generations of Malay women to induce and facilitate childbirth, as well as being a post-partum medication to help contract the birth channel, to tone the abdominal muscles, maintain a healthy female reproductive system, to treat menstrual irregularities and to regain body strength (Burkill 1966; Wan Ezumi et al. 2007). The ability to enhance the contraction of the uterus has been proven (Cheong 2007). Increasing request for high yielding material of this plant from the herbal industry serve as catalyst for researchers to establish high quality planting materials to fulfill the industrial demand. Therefore, in order to produce high quality raw materials to support Malaysian herbal industries, it is important to select genotype which either produced the maximum bioactivity and/or contained high quality active ingredients (Ibrahim et al. 1990) before it can be domesticated. FRIM has established a germplasm of 300 genotypes for both varieties L. pumila var. pumila and L. pumila var. alata (Farah Fazwa et al., 2010, 2012) with high total phenolic content which is more related to antioxidant activities. In order to produce high quality planting materials with traditional claim of L. pumila, a study will be conducted on the ability of the species to enhance contraction of the uterus. Furthermore, literature and patent search indicated that production of high yielding accessions based on uterus contraction activity has not been investigated and registered cultivar of L. pumila is unavailable. In this study, aqueous extraction is one of the methods will be use for the extraction of the fresh leaves of the herbs. This method offers several advantages over conventional solvent extraction-less initial capital investments, safer operation, capability of discontinuous operation, and production of a variety of products. Another advantage of aqueous processing is the capability for utilization of certain chemicals to remove or inactivate undesirable substances (Carl M. Cater, 1974). A study showed that water extracts of L.pumila were able to displace estradiol binding to antibodies raised against estradiol, making it similar to other estrogens such as estrone and estradiol. The extract has also been found to produce a dose-response effect on the reproductive hormones of female rats, notably on the estradiol and free testosterone level. For the planting part, the planting stocks are usually raised from seeds. The dependence on seeds as source of planting materials is inadequate as seeds are difficult to obtain due to depletion of mother plants. Propagation by seeds alone will not be able to meet the large number of planting stock required. Propagation technique by cuttings can be one of the alternative methods used (Hartman & Kester 1983). This method of propagation also offers useful tool for propagating the superior genotypes which will help to maximise quality and productivity. Rozihawati (2008) has reported the propagation techniques by cuttings, factors affecting rooting and nursery techniques of this species. Aminah et al. (2009) also reported the suitability of using cutting to propagate L. pumila using different leaf parts and areas. Research on propagating superior accessions of L. pumila based on total phenolic content has also been carried out (Farah Fazwa et al. 2013). As a conclusion, this study will be carried out to to select high yielding accessions of L. pumila from established germplasm based on uterus contraction activity for breeding purposes; to propagate the selected high yielding accessions using vegetative techniques and to establish clonal bank from the selected high yielding accessions of L. pumila. It is expected that at the end of the study high yielding planting materials of L. pumila will be made available and transfer of technology conducted. These outputs are important to ensure sustainable supply of high yielding planting materials for the production of high quality materials to meet future industry demand. 1.1 Problem Statement Phytochemical extraction is important for the selection of high yielding accessions of Labisia pumila. Literature and patent search indicate the selection of high yielding accessions based on uterus contraction activity have never been tested before. 1.2 Objective (s); I. To select high yielding accessions of L. pumila from established germplasm based on uterus contraction activity for breeding purposes. II. To propagate the selected high yielding accessions by vegetative techniques. III. To establish clonal bank from the selected high yielding accession of L. pumila 2.0 LITERATURE REVIEW Labisia pumila, commonly known as Kacip Fatimah in Malaysia, is a small herbaceous and slightly woody plant (Karimi et al., 2011). The habitat of this plant is in lowland primary forests at shady places or in secondary forests on humus-rich soils (Sunarno, 2005). There are three varieties of Kacip Fatimah had been recognized namely var. alata, var. pumila and var. lanceolata and each variety have its own use and function (Stone, 1988). Stone (1988) also identified that these varieties can be distinguished from each other by their petiole and leaf characteristic. Traditionally, Labisia pumila have been widely used as medicinal plant especially related to women health care. It is locally known to be used for induce and facilitate childbirth as well as a post partum medication to help contract the birth channel, to tone the abdominal muscles and to regain body strength by traditional uses (Wan Ezumi et al., 2007). Other traditional uses include treatment for dysentery, flatulence, rheumatism, dysmenorrheal and gonorrhea (Mohamad Norhaiza et al., 2009; Burkil, 1996). Recently, it was reported that the bioactive compounds of L. pumila consisted mainly resorcinols, flavonoids and phenolic acids (Ibrahim, 2010). Polyphenolic contain in L. pumila have the ability to prevent cancer and heart disease (Tsao & Deng, 2004). The main objective of this study is to select the high yielding of Labisia pumila based on contraction activity. The uterine contractility activity was carried out using procedure by Ayinde et.al. Estrus in the uterus of female Sprague Dawley rats will be induced using diethylstilbestrol (i.p.). The effects of L. pumila on the uterus contraction activity will be measured using Powerlab system (ADIntruments Pty. Ltd.) and compared to oxytocin as the positive control drug. The high yielding accessions of L. pumila will be selected based on of the highest contraction activity. The selected L.pumila will undergo propagation using vegetative techniques to ensure sustainable supply of high quality planting material which benefit the producer as well as the consumer. 3.0 METHODOLOGY Objective 1: To select high yielding accessions of L. pumila from established germplasm based on uterus contraction activity for breeding purposes. a) Phytochemical Extraction and Chemical fingerprinting of L. pumila aqueous extract Plant leaf will be cleaned and leave to dry in at oven at controlled temperature until reached desired moisture content. 300 g dried and ground leaf will be extracted by refluxing using hot distilled water. The filtrate is then concentrated and dried using freeze-dryer. The crude obtained will be divided into two analysis, bioactivity and chemical fingerprint analysis (UV, HPLC and HPTLC). While, the FTIR fingerprint will be carried out on the dried and ground leaves. PCA analysis also will be carried out. b) Uterus contraction activity of L. pumila The uterine contractility activity will be carried out using procedure by Ayinde et al. 2006. Estrus in the uterus of female Sprague Dawley rats will be induced using diethylstilbestrol (i.p.). The effects of L. pumila on the uterus contraction activity will be measured using Powerlab system (ADIntruments Pty. Ltd.) and compared to oxytocin as the positive control drug. The high yielding accessions of L. pumila will be selected based on of the highest contraction activity. This bioactivity facility will be established in FRIM. Objective 2: To propagate the selected high yielding accessions by vegetative techniques. a) Multiplication of high yielding accession by vegetative technique Multiplication of high yielding accessions of L. pumila will be done by cuttings. This method will be used to produce the high yielding materials of L. pumila. From each of selected accessions, 60 ramets will be further produced. These clones will be raised and maintained at FRIM’s nursery for six to eight months before they can be transplanted to field. The survival rate and growth performance (e.g height, leaf number, biomass) of these rooted plants will also be monitored and assessed during this stage Objective 3: To establish clonal bank from the selected high yielding accession of L. pumila a) Establishment of clonal bank plot The clonal bank plot will be laid out in a Completely Randomized Block Design (RCBD). These selected clones will be arranged per replicate in three experimental blocks. For each replicate, the size of planting bed will be 1 meter x 2 meter. This experimental design will be applied to both varieties. Expected outcome Upon completion of this project: 1. Phytochemical Extraction and Chemical fingerprinting of L. pumila aqueous extract and also test for uterus contraction activity of L. pumila on rats 2. Multiplication of high yielding accession by vegetative technique 3. Establishment of clonal bank plot from the selected high yielding accession of L.pumila

pekerja binaan visa

Last Update: 2014-07-22
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Anonymous
Warning: Contains invisible HTML formatting

Process Evaluation During our first Medical and Urban Entomology class, we have given a task to have a group visit. Our main objective is to gain insight of the status and management (by any institution and companies) that focus on insects of social and medical importance. Since there are many members for Master in Entomology during this semester, we have been grouped in four or five. So, we worked in group to select any place that is available to visit. My group members; 1. Abdul Munir Bin Mohd Zaki (Group leader) 2. Syazana Binti Jumaan 3. Nurul Fatihah Binti Abd Latip 4. Ummi Fatin Hazirah Binti Abu Bakar 5. Nor Izyani Binti Ahmad Zaki Our group has proposed to visit Pusat Konservasi Jabatan Muzium Malaysia. The purpose of this visit was to learn about the management and preservation of collections of the museum. Thus, the experience and knowledge gained from the results of the visit was very useful for us to understand more clearly the management involving damage prevention and repair means a collection or artefacts. Unfortunately, we don’t receive any reply from the museum. During our class meeting, we present our work progress. Since it is difficult to find a place to visit before our mid semester break, our class leader Mohd Shafariza Bin Abd Manaf assigned for class organization. The next week, Khairul Marwan Bin Kahar group received a reply to have a visit in Jabatan Kesihatan Negeri Selangor located in Klang on 13th March 2014, the date in which none of us have any class to attend. So, within a short time before we go visit Jabatan Kesihatan Negeri Selangor, we made a sudden meeting for preparation. Since there are no UKM transports available during the weekdays, we decided to go there by our own. We also decided to buy souvenir for Jabatan Kesihatan Negeri Selangor as our acknowledgement. Not to forget, we also invited Entomology lecturers to go visit with us. On 13th March 2014, we gathered at 10.00 am and after a short brief by Mohd Shafariza Bin Abd Manaf, we departed from UKM at 10.30 am heading to Klang. Eventhough the program will be start at 2.00 pm, we have decided to depart early to avoid being caught by traffic jam. We arrived Klang at 12.30 pm. We gathered at Jaya Jusco Bukit Tinggi which is nearby for lunch and to set our Zohor prayer. Program Evaluation When we first arrived, we were having the briefing session talked about the dengue fever. I was very surprised and shocked because of the higher number of dengue’s cases registered in Malaysia by the year 1973 until last year, 2013. Selangor stated to have the highest number of dengue cases last year which is 23,852 cases. Before this in the year of 2008, Selangor have stated to have 21,262 cases but the number is actually arising even though many precautions   have been taken by the government. I was eager to know why Selangor has the highest number of cases among the others. The staffs there highlighted the most important facts that we all should know such as the terminology and all the strategies they have done before to monitor the dengue fever among the Malaysian such as (1) source of mosquitoes breeding habitat reduction, (2) thermal fogging, (3) ULV fogging and (4) larviciding. They said that fogging is actually not the magic bullet to handle this problem! After that, we were headed to where the fogging equipments are being stored. We got to see and hold the machines ourselves, which is the first experience for most of us. We ended our program with a simple closing ceremony where our class leader Mohd Shafariza Bin Abd Manaf handed the souvenir. After that, we dismissed at 5.00 pm. Before went back to UKM, we managed to snap a few pictures so that the memories will last forever. Expectation and Lessons Learnt During the visit, my expectation is to get the actual facts about the infamous vector known as mosquitoes, namely Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus. Both are the vectors for the dengues fever that suddenly strikes Malaysian with the highest number of cases in the year of 2014. I love to know how they are actually managing all those cases regarding the dengue fever instead of their common fogging activities said to kill the adult mosquitoes. Because of Selangor has the highest record of dengue cases fever, they need to overcome all the challenges of dengue control in this state such as (1) population density, (2) community mobility, (3) home and workplace hygiene, (4) environmental hygiene, (5) cleanliness of public places, and last but not least (6) the transient population like university students and foreign workers. More than 85% epidemics were controlled within 14 days but the dengue prevention activities were still weak. There are some steps they have taken into account during having the big crisis: (1) Stop coordination center (control with schedule), (2) mobilization of local control team including Negeri Sembilan and Kuala Lumpur, (3) Additional provisions for services. They also made additional strategies such as (4) dustbin in places of public resort and commercial center, (5) audit reports from the construction site, (6) approval of building plans, (7) shared responsibility of all departments in PBT, (8) monitoring of the cleaning contractor and (9) ‘Everyday Enforcement’. Eventhough dengue is no joke, but I don’t want to be completely depressing about dengue. More attention given to the growing problem of dengue can hopefully promote our efforts against it. The most important thing is the changes of attitudes by the citizens to overcome this problem. This is because everybody has been told about this issues long time ago but how much actually we take it seriously enough? This is a global disease that is not going away anytime soon, and awareness is the first step in addressing it.

Macmillan

Last Update: 2014-05-21
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Anonymous

jom main romen

let's play Romen

Last Update: 2014-04-23
Subject: General
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:
Reference: Anonymous

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