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Englisch

natural resources information language kannada

Kanaresisch

Natural resources are required to be preserved

Letzte Aktualisierung: 2018-12-13
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Englisch

natural resources information language kannada

Kanaresisch

ನೈಸರ್ಗಿಕ ಸಂಪನ್ಮೂಲಗಳ ಮಾಹಿತಿಯನ್ನು ಭಾಷೆ ಕನ್ನಡ

Letzte Aktualisierung: 2016-12-10
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Englisch

natural resources essay in kannada

Kanaresisch

ಕನ್ನಡದಲ್ಲಿ ನೈಸರ್ಗಿಕ ಸಂಪನ್ಮೂಲಗಳ ಪ್ರಬಂಧ

Letzte Aktualisierung: 2017-12-15
Nutzungshäufigkeit: 1
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Referenz: Anonym

Englisch

natural resources

Kanaresisch

Kannada

Letzte Aktualisierung: 2019-02-08
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Referenz: Anonym

Englisch

natural resources

Kanaresisch

ನೈಸರ್ಗಿಕ ಸಂಪನ್ಮೂಲಗಳ

Letzte Aktualisierung: 2015-10-10
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Englisch

misuse of natural resources

Kanaresisch

ನೈಸರ್ಗಿಕ ಸಂಪನ್ಮೂಲಗಳ ದುರುಪಯೋಗದ

Letzte Aktualisierung: 2015-01-29
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Englisch

Janapada sahitya in language kannada

Kanaresisch

ಜನಪದ ಸೈಹೀಟ ಭಾಷೆ ಭಾಷೆಯಲ್ಲಿ

Letzte Aktualisierung: 2018-08-09
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Englisch

How to protect the natural resources

Kanaresisch

ನೈಸರ್ಗಿಕ ಸಂಪನ್ಮೂಲಗಳನ್ನು ರಕ್ಷಿಸುವುದು ಹೇಗೆ

Letzte Aktualisierung: 2018-07-31
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Englisch

essay on removing cast system in India in language Kannada

Kanaresisch

ಕನ್ನಡದಲ್ಲಿ ಭಾರತದಲ್ಲಿ ಎರಕಹೊಯ್ದ ವ್ಯವಸ್ಥೆಯನ್ನು ತೆಗೆದುಹಾಕುವ ಬಗೆಗಿನ ಪ್ರಬಂಧ

Letzte Aktualisierung: 2018-01-31
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Englisch

Natural resource

Kanaresisch

ನೈಸರ್ಗಿಕ ಸಂಪನ್ಮೂಲ

Letzte Aktualisierung: 2015-10-14
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Referenz: Wikipedia

Englisch

Forest conservation as the name suggests is the preservation and the protection of forests. It also involves the reversal of deforestation and environmental pollution. The preservation of all natural resources is absolutely essential for the balance of our ecosystem.

Kanaresisch

ದ್ಯುತಿಸಂಶ್ಲೇಷಣೆಯ ಉತ್ಪನ್ನವಾಗಿ ಇದು ಸಾಮೂಹಿಕ ಪ್ರಮಾಣದ ಆಮ್ಲಜನಕವನ್ನು ಉತ್ಪಾದಿಸುತ್ತದೆ ಎಂಬುದು ಕಾಡುಗಳ ಪ್ರಮುಖ ಕಾರ್ಯವಾಗಿದೆ. ಎಲ್ಲಾ ಪ್ರಾಣಿಗಳಿಗೆ ಆಮ್ಲಜನಕವು ಮುಖ್ಯ ಉಸಿರಾಟದ ಅನಿಲವಾಗಿದೆ, ಇದು ನಮ್ಮ ಉಳಿವನ್ನು ಖಚಿತಪಡಿಸುತ್ತದೆ. ದ್ಯುತಿಸಂಶ್ಲೇಷಣೆಯ ಸಮಯದಲ್ಲಿ, ಮರಗಳು ಗಾಳಿಯಿಂದ ಇಂಗಾಲದ ಡೈಆಕ್ಸೈಡ್ ಅನ್ನು ಹೀರಿಕೊಳ್ಳುತ್ತವೆ. ಇದು ವಾಯುಮಾಲಿನ್ಯದ ಮುಖ್ಯ ಮಾಲಿನ್ಯಕಾರಕಗಳಲ್ಲಿ ಒಂದಾಗಿದೆ. ಆದ್ದರಿಂದ ಕಾಡುಗಳು ವಾಯುಮಾಲಿನ್ಯವನ್ನು ಸಹ ಕಡಿಮೆ ಮಾಡುತ್ತವೆ. ಅರಣ್ಯಗಳು ಮಣ್ಣಿನ ಸವೆತವನ್ನು ತಡೆಯುತ್ತದೆ ಮತ್ತು ಮಣ್ಣಿನ ಮಾಲಿನ್ಯವನ್ನು ತಡೆಯುತ್ತದೆ. ಅರಣ್ಯನಾಶ, ವಾಸ್ತವವಾಗಿ, ಮಣ್ಣಿನಿಂದ ಸವೆತಕ್ಕೆ ಕಾರಣವಾಗುತ್ತದೆ

Letzte Aktualisierung: 2020-01-01
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Englisch

essay on environment HOW TO CELEBRATE WORLD ENVIRONMENT DAY A GUIDE TO MAKING 5 JUNE 2015 A SUCCESS! Who this toolkit is for. • Want to know what WED is about? • Need ideas on how to celebrate or start preparing? • Want to know what others are doing to celebrate this year? • Want to make your actions count? This toolkit is right for you! There is an alarmingly high rate of unsustainable consumption of resources as, exemplified in the areas of food, water and energy. Largely driven by increasing household incomes (particularly in cities), the current collective lifestyles of people all over the world exceed our planet’s regenerative capacity to replenish natural resources. Today the human race consumes resources the equivalent of 1.5 planets. This means it now takes one year and six months for the Earth to regenerate what we use in a year. If current consumption and production patterns remain the same, and with a rising population, we will need two planets by 2030 to sustain our ways of living and consumption. This year’s theme for WED – Seven Billion Dreams. One Planet. Consume with Care – expresses the challenge of creating opportunities for inclusive and sustainable economic development while attempting to stabilise the rate of resource use and reduce environmental impacts. For all seven billion of us, our present and our future depend on the sustainable consumption of our planet’s resources. On WED, let us pledge one less thing we will do without, in order to restore our planet’s natural regenerative ability? This guide is designed to inspire you with exciting ideas and we’ll give you practical suggestions for organising your event. Make your environment efforts known by celebrating WED and registering them on our website – www.unep.org/wed WELCOME! Welcome to your quick guide to celebrating World Environment Day (WED) on 5 June, 2015. WHY CELEBRATE WORLD ENVIRONMENT DAY? When we see or experience the negative effects of climate change, environmental degradation or resource depletion it is easy to blame others - governments for not prioritising environmental policy; corporate organisations for raising greenhouse gas emissions; NGOs for not lobbying strongly enough for the environment; and individuals for not taking action. World Environment Day however is a day we put aside our differences and instead celebrate the achievements we’ve made towards protecting the environment. By celebrating WED, we remind ourselves and others of the importance of caring for our environment. Remember that every action counts, so join us: every year, everywhere, everyone! THEME RATIONALE Sustainable consumption can be described as “the use of goods and services that respond to basic needs and bring a better quality of life, while minimising the use of natural resources, toxic materials and emissions of waste and pollutants over the life-cycle, so as not to jeopardise the needs of future generations” (Oslo Symposium, 1994). ABOUT WED World Environment Day (WED) is the United Nations’ campaign for encouraging worldwide awareness and action for the environment. It was established by the United Nations General Assembly to mark the opening of the 1972 Stockholm Conference on the Human Environment. Over the years it has grown to be a global platform for public outreach that is widely celebrated by stakeholders in over 100 countries. It also serves as the people’s day for doing something positive for the environment, inspiring individual actions into a collective power that generates an exponential positive impact on the planet. WED is celebrated around the world in many ways, including street rallies, bicycle parades, green concerts, essay and poster competitions in schools, tree planting, recycling efforts, clean-up campaigns and much more. CURRENT RATE OF NATURAL RESOURCE CONSUMPTION By 2050, humanity could devour about 140 billion tons of minerals, ores, fossil fuels and biomass per year – three times its current appetite – unless economic growth rate is ‘decoupled’ from the rate of natural resource use. Over 60 percent of the ecosystems and their services upon which we rely are degraded, overexploited or already lost. With an additional 3 billion middle class consumers expected to enter the global economy by 2030, more natural resources will be lost forever if ‘business-as-usual’ prevails. Evidence is building that people are consuming far more natural resources than what the planet can sustainably provide. The well-being of humanity, the environment, and the functioning of the economy, ultimately depend upon the responsible management of the planet’s natural resources. Many of the Earth’s ecosystems are nearing critical tipping points of depletion or irreversible change, pushed by high population growth and economic development. The WED 2015 campaign therefore captures sustainable consumption in the context of the planet’s regenerative capacity. Supported by the slogan – Seven Billion Dreams. One Planet. Consume with Care – WED this year therefore aims to raise awareness on the unsustainable rate at which we are consuming the planet’s resources, and shift individual and collective behaviour towards sustainable lifestyles. FOOD While substantial environmental impacts from food occur in the production phase (agriculture, food processing), households influence these impacts through their dietary choices and habits. This consequently affects the environment through food-related energy consumption and waste generation. ENERGY Despite technological advances that have promoted energy efficiency gains, energy use in OECD countries will continue to grow another 35%[ERROR] by 2020. Commercial and residential energy use is the second most rapidly growing area of global energy use after transport. In 2002 the motor vehicle stock in OECD countries was 550 million vehicles (75%[ERROR] of which were personal cars). A 32%[ERROR] increase in vehicle ownership is expected by 2020. At the same time, motor vehicle kilometres are projected to increase by 40%[ERROR] and global air travel is projected to triple in the same period. WATER Even though households are relatively low consumers of water, population growth and expanded water use have outweighed the effect of water saving technology and behaviour. THREE MAIN AREAS OF HOUSEHOLD CONSUMPTION Environmental pressures will intensify in three areas of household consumption. PLANNING FOR WED? 5 QUICK STEPS 1 DETERMINE THE INTERESTS FOR WED Discuss the possibility of organising an event around WED with your colleagues, your community, environmental co-ordinators, other NGOs and local government. Brainstorm on possible areas of interest. Review any past experiences with WED or similar events. See unep.org/wed 2 DETERMINE WHAT ACTIVITIES ARE PLANNED AT THE NATIONAL LEVEL Find out what is being prepared for celebrations at the international, regional and national levels – unep.org/wed/regional-features. Speak with organisers of these events and see how you can support them. 3 LINK THE WED THEME TO YOUR ACTIVITIES The official theme for 2015 is Seven Billion Dreams. One Planet. Consume with Care. This theme reflects challenge of creating opportunities for inclusive and sustainable economic development while attempting to stabilise the rate of resource use and reduce environmental impacts. This year’s theme gives you plenty of room to be creative. Figure out clever ways to link your activities to the official theme! Think of punchy messaging that will attract the most attention and motivate others to get involved! 4 PREPARE A PLAN Early planning is essential to your success. Draw up a basic plan of action for discussion with friends, colleagues or senior management. Set objectives and determine a preliminary series of activities as well as a provisional timetable. Make sure you get permission or clearance from your relevant local authorities well in advance – especially if you are planning public demonstrations or other open activities – to avoid disappointment on the day of celebration. Seek partnerships and possible financial support for your activities (e.g. local companies to help you print t-shirts, caps, posters and banners with WED messaging). Download artwork from the WED website multimedia section. 5 CELEBRATE WITH US This is the most important step of your planning. Why celebrate alone? You can get instant visibility for your activities by registering them on our website. Also think of smart, quirky or funny ways to motivate people around you. Invite the local media to your event! Engage leaders, celebrities and government officials that will help attract the media! NEED TO USE THE WED LOGO? Download the WED logo and style guide from the multimedia section of unep.org/wed. The logo is available in the official UN languages: Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish WHO DO I SPEAK TO IF I NEED MORE INFORMATION? Our website www.unep.org/wed is a great place to begin but feel free to talk to us in person. Contact: Ms. Lucita Jasmin Division of Communications and Public Information United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Tel: 254-20-7623401 /7621551 Email: worldenvironmentday@unep.org THIS SOUNDS EXPENSIVE Participation in World Environment Day does not require a huge financial investment. WED is a people’s event so the objective is to get everyone to participate in one way or another. By including local communities and other partners in your WED events, the possibilities of finding interested sponsors are more likely. All you need is passion for the cause, and well-planned activities. Good luck! SUGGESTED WAYS OF CELEBRATING WORLD ENVIRONMENT DAY Various events and practical activities, identified below, highlight what actions can be taken to celebrate WED. This list is not exhaustive and many activities may spring to mind that will be better suited to your local needs and conditions. If each of us contributes a little to this celebration, it will be a far greater success. The most important goal of this day is to raise awareness on the rate of overconsumption in the areas of food, energy and water. • Arts and Crafts Exhibitions/ Film Festivals • Ceremonies and Celebrities • Competitions • Concerts • Demonstration Activities • Drama and Poetry • Environmental Education and Awareness-Raising • Flash Mobs • Information Kits • Online and Social Media Activities • Publicity and Media Coverage • Sports Activities • Other Ideas: create your own ideas and guidelines, and submit to us! ARTS AND CRAFTS EXHIBITIONS/ FILM FESTIVALS What is involved? Why support this activity? • Paintings related to any of the main areas of household consumption: food, energy and water. • Displays of pottery, wooden figurines, stone articles, grass baskets, clothes etc. • Demonstration on how energy-saving stoves are manufactured and maintained. • Crafts made with recycled materials, e.g. plastics or tins. • Posters and photo exhibitions carrying the essence of consumption levels in food, energy and water. • Screening of compelling films on the environment made by different communities. • Art uses symbolic messages to capture an audience and communicate a message in unconventional ways. What begins as an appreciation for art could develop into a true passion for the environment. • Many art forms use environmentally sustainable and natural resources that complement the objectives of your exhibit. • Film, as a medium, engages all people without necessarily being limited by literacy levels. Films can attract large crowds. How to organise it? • Decide what will happen with the artwork or films you will collect, whether the artists maintain rights or if you will use them for promotion afterwards. Seek legal advice concerning rights if you intend to use the artwork beyond your exhibition and especially if there will be a commercial aspect. • After you have decided on your theme and identified partners (including sponsors) publish a call for submissions in your local news outlets. • Consider a prize for winners. • Select a jury from reputable and or renowned artists and filmmakers. • Set up displays of arts and crafts of various cultural/local origins. ARTS AND CRAFTS EXHIBITIONS/ FILM FESTIVALS Participation/ Partnerships/ Sponsors • Invite your local community to submit artwork. • Encourage the participation of marginalised groups (e.g. women, children and orphans) by creating appropriate categories for their submissions. • If local authorities, government, implementing partners, or conservation agencies are receptive to your concept, bring them on board as partners. • Seek sponsorship from governments, agencies, museums, existing film festivals and the corporate sector (arts and crafts or ethnological museums/funds could be interested). • Invite the media, advertise, take pictures, and register activity on the WED website. • Download the WED logo and posters, and clearly display them on the day to give your event context – unep.org/wed. How to organise it? (continued) CEREMONIES AND CELEBRITIES What is involved? Why support this activity? • A speech on the environment, focusing on the WED theme and with special emphasis on the environmental challenges in the community and their possible solutions. • Identify and approach a goodwill ambassador that is well known by your target audience. • The involvement of prominent local personalities who are authoritative voices on the environment could lend credibility to your event. • You can reach a large number of people in a short time, which makes sponsorship and media coverage more likely. • The presence of a celebrity attracts attention from the media and a crowd. The media acts as a multiplier for your efforts through their ability to increase attention towards your efforts. How to organise it? • Your primary objective is to add significance to WED by encouraging governments, local authorities, communities or corporate organisations to announce new environmental commitments, targets, policies or programmes on the day itself. This means you must conduct ground research in order to make meaningful suggestions to your target authority. Once you have ‘sold them’ to your idea, convince them to announce it at a ceremony on World Environment Day. • It is common to mark a special event like WED with a ceremony or presentation. It can be short, with introductory speeches by celebrities, politicians or sponsors. • Invite government representatives, local authorities or respected persons from your local community. • Enlist your partners and sponsors to help organise and publicise the ceremony. • Make sure your celebrities are well-briefed in advance and that they re-iterate your planned messages. CEREMONIES AND CELEBRITIES Participation/ Partnerships/ Sponsors • Ideally, the speech venue should be open to all. • Partner with governments, ministries, implementing agencies, as well as with local businesses (present them with an opportunity to use their company logos). They may also be willing to provide some form of sponsorship. Investigate the core principles of each institution and ensure they tally with your ideas before requesting funding. • Invite the media! – unep.org/wed. Don’t expect them to show up on their own. Prepare a media pack: a few fact sheets or notes that you will give away to the media. If you have a specific message that you would like them to carry, make sure that you spell this out in the media pack. This way they will have the necessary details to write or film a piece on your event. Come up with catchy short phrases that the press can quote. Remember to give background information on your objectives, supported by facts. • Download the WED logo and posters, and clearly display them on the day to give your event context – unep.org/wed. How to organise it? (continued) What is involved? Why support this activity? How to organise it? Participation/ Partnerships/ Sponsors • Drawing, painting, films and essay competitions on issues of over consumption in areas of food, energy and water. Note: Where funds permit, small awards such as t-shirts, stickers or pens are ideal prizes for successful participants. Winners of contests should receive some sort of public recognition and prize. • Competitions are an ideal ways to engage and involve young people especially in celebrations of this nature. • Competitions encourage people to think of their own actions, how these might impact the environment, and what steps they might take to change their behaviour. Set guidelines and rules for the competition, stating who can participate. Ensure that your competition entry guidelines emphasize the WED theme. • Make sure you advertise widely in order to enrich the quality of your entries. Target schools, for example. • Decide on a reward for winners that will make it worthwhile for participants. • Set up a jury with, preferably, experts in the field of competition. • The process should be as transparent as possible ensure successful results. • Include students and youth groups in competitions. • Partnerships can be sought with agencies working with education, local schools and teachers. COMPETITIONS CONCERTS What is involved? Why support this activity? How to organise it? Participation/ Partnerships/ Sponsors • Performances of musicians and artists. • Green concerts: have low energy consumption or mechanisms to offset (such as asking audience to walk, cycle or take public transport to the event and using only food packaging that is recyclable). • Concert with musical instruments made from natural resources. • Play music related to the theme. • Music is a good way to attract people. • Music crosses barriers, and so it can help to open discussions on difficult issues. • Music enhances the ambience of a gathering. • Hire musicians and prepare a stage where they can perform. • Include a well-known musician from the hosting community or country. • Try to include other artists (e.g. acrobats and fire-walkers) while the music plays to make it an audio-visual show. • Include visibility material around the stage (like WED posters and banners, downloadable from the WED website) and include short speeches on the purpose of the event at the beginning of the show. • By inviting local musicians you can rally up a big crowd and foster goodwill with the local community. • Partnerships can be found within government or local businesses (display their logo on the stage, together with WED visibility material). • Seek sponsorship by partnering with organisations and availing advertising opportunities. • Charge an entry fee to offset the cost of your event. DEMONSTRATION ACTIVITIES What is involved? Why support this activity? • Display of posters on positive actions we can take to reduce food, energy and water consumption. • Awareness-raising of the value of natural resources (prevention of pollution, careful use/reuse of water, identifying certified forest products etc.) • Workshop on how different resources can be used in several ways and several times (e.g. washing, cleaning or watering plants with grey water, i.e. water that has already been used for something else and is no longer considered safe for consumption). • Demonstration can include the building of fuel-efficient stoves, alternative fuels, additional use of good cooking/fire management practices, the sustainable agriculture, sustainable use of forest resources; fish farming techniques, school or kitchen gardens. • Demonstration activities can be both instructive and entertaining, for local communities. • They are often the best way of introducing new ideas and sharing knowledge and experience: people are more comfortable using new techniques once they can see that others have benefited from them. • Demonstration a

Kanaresisch

ಪರಿಸರದ ಮೇಲೆ ಪ್ರಬಂಧ

Letzte Aktualisierung: 2017-08-31
Nutzungshäufigkeit: 1
Qualität:

Referenz: Anonym

Englisch

population explosionDemographic transition explains a form of relationship between population and economic development. In the western countries it has been found that they have moved from a condition of high birth and death rates, to a condition of low birth and death rates which led to a slow rate of growth of population. This demographic change is known as 'Demographic Transition'. in other words, demographic transition describes the passage through which countries move from high birth and death rates to low ones. This has been the experience of countries going through a process of modernizing economic and social development. The growth rate of population is a function of migration, birth rate and death rate in a country. The change in population caused by net migration as a proportion of total population of the country is almost insignificant and, therefore, can be easily ignored. That leaves us with birth rate and death rate. The difference between the birth rate and the death rate measures the growth rate of population. The high population growth rates are due to high birth rate and fast declining death rates due to better sanitation and health facilities. However, the capacities to absorb increasing manpower are much weaker. Furthermore, the process of economic development tends to be more capital intensive under modern technological conditions, and hence, has less potential of employment generation in the short run. Since the total size of the population is already large, there is urgency for speedy achievement of demographic transition from high birth rate to low birth rate resulting in lower population growth. Let us list effects of the rapid population growth in India . They are: Providing employment to growing population: This is so because in developing economies majority of the population is illiterate. The burden of school age population has already shown signs of becoming unbearable. The proportion of children in schools is increasing fast and, vast numbers are still not covered. The absolute number or illiterate persons increases every year. This is only an indication of the wastage of human resources for want of appropriate development opportunities. Problem of utilisation of manpower: Better educated manpower aspires for occupations of greater prestige, which are opened up by the new development efforts. Because of its capital intensive nature, the ability, of the new economy for employment generation becomes restricted. Simultaneously, it renders many of the old occupations out of day and redundant. As a result, under-employment and unemployment, including unemployment of educated persons, increases. There is thus wastage of even developed human capital. Over-strained infrastructure: Facilities such as housing, transportation, health care, and education become inadequate. The worst symptoms of congestion in every aspect of living conditions are manifested in the urban areas. In countries such as India, a situation of "over urbanisation" prevails which puts unbearable strain on urban amenities. Overcrowded houses, slums and unsanitary localities, traffic congestion and crowded hospitals have become common features in the developing countries. Pressure on land and other renewable natural resources: Common properties such as forest and water are over-exploited. This results in deforestation and desertification with permanent damage to the renewable resources. Increased cost of production : Human ingenuity and technological advancement makes it possible to increase production of goods and services. But, it must be kept in mind that, the cost of production of the basic necessities of life, such as food, increases when the population is growing fast and worse lands are brought into cultivation with costly irrigation etc. Inequitable distribution of income: Both at the international and national levels income disparities increase. The increase in gross national product (GNP) is greatly reduced in per capita terms on account of the rapidly growing population. In the face of a rapidly growing population, the major concern of a developing country tends to be focused more on economic growth as such. Considerations of unequal distribution of income are pushed to background. So inequalities within the country tend to widen further.

Kanaresisch

Demographic transition explains a form of relationship between population and economic development. In the western countries it has been found that they have moved from a condition of high birth and death rates, to a condition of low birth and death rates which led to a slow rate of growth of population. This demographic change is known as 'Demographic Transition'. in other words, demographic transition describes the passage through which countries move from high birth and death rates to low ones. This has been the experience of countries going through a process of modernizing economic and social development. The growth rate of population is a function of migration, birth rate and death rate in a country. The change in population caused by net migration as a proportion of total population of the country is almost insignificant and, therefore, can be easily ignored. That leaves us with birth rate and death rate. The difference between the birth rate and the death rate measures the growth rate of population. The high population growth rates are due to high birth rate and fast declining death rates due to better sanitation and health facilities. However, the capacities to absorb increasing manpower are much weaker. Furthermore, the process of economic development tends to be more capital intensive under modern technological conditions, and hence, has less potential of employment generation in the short run. Since the total size of the population is already large, there is urgency for speedy achievement of demographic transition from high birth rate to low birth rate resulting in lower population growth. Let us list effects of the rapid population growth in India . They are: Providing employment to growing population: This is so because in developing economies majority of the population is illiterate. The burden of school age population has already shown signs of becoming unbearable. The proportion of children in schools is increasing fast and, vast numbers are still not covered. The absolute number or illiterate persons increases every year. This is only an indication of the wastage of human resources for want of appropriate development opportunities. Problem of utilisation of manpower: Better educated manpower aspires for occupations of greater prestige, which are opened up by the new development efforts. Because of its capital intensive nature, the ability, of the new economy for employment generation becomes restricted. Simultaneously, it renders many of the old occupations out of day and redundant. As a result, under-employment and unemployment, including unemployment of educated persons, increases. There is thus wastage of even developed human capital. Over-strained infrastructure: Facilities such as housing, transportation, health care, and education become inadequate. The worst symptoms of congestion in every aspect of living conditions are manifested in the urban areas. In countries such as India, a situation of "over urbanisation" prevails which puts unbearable strain on urban amenities. Overcrowded houses, slums and unsanitary localities, traffic congestion and crowded hospitals have become common features in the developing countries. Pressure on land and other renewable natural resources: Common properties such as forest and water are over-exploited. This results in deforestation and desertification with permanent damage to the renewable resources. Increased cost of production : Human ingenuity and technological advancement makes it possible to increase production of goods and services. But, it must be kept in mind that, the cost of production of the basic necessities of life, such as food, increases when the population is growing fast and worse lands are brought into cultivation with costly irrigation etc. Inequitable distribution of income: Both at the international and national levels income disparities increase. The increase in gross national product (GNP) is greatly reduced in per capita terms on account of the rapidly growing population. In the face of a rapidly growing population, the major concern of a developing country tends to be focused more on economic growth as such. Considerations of unequal distribution of income are pushed to background. So inequalities within the country tend to widen further.

Letzte Aktualisierung: 2015-09-18
Nutzungshäufigkeit: 1
Qualität:

Referenz: V2mbmhugar
Warnung: Enthält unsichtbare HTML-Formatierung

Englisch

Demographic transition explains a form of relationship between population and economic development. In the western countries it has been found that they have moved from a condition of high birth and death rates, to a condition of low birth and death rates which led to a slow rate of growth of population. This demographic change is known as 'Demographic Transition'. in other words, demographic transition describes the passage through which countries move from high birth and death rates to low ones. This has been the experience of countries going through a process of modernizing economic and social development. The growth rate of population is a function of migration, birth rate and death rate in a country. The change in population caused by net migration as a proportion of total population of the country is almost insignificant and, therefore, can be easily ignored. That leaves us with birth rate and death rate. The difference between the birth rate and the death rate measures the growth rate of population. The high population growth rates are due to high birth rate and fast declining death rates due to better sanitation and health facilities. However, the capacities to absorb increasing manpower are much weaker. Furthermore, the process of economic development tends to be more capital intensive under modern technological conditions, and hence, has less potential of employment generation in the short run. Since the total size of the population is already large, there is urgency for speedy achievement of demographic transition from high birth rate to low birth rate resulting in lower population growth. Let us list effects of the rapid population growth in India . They are: Providing employment to growing population: This is so because in developing economies majority of the population is illiterate. The burden of school age population has already shown signs of becoming unbearable. The proportion of children in schools is increasing fast and, vast numbers are still not covered. The absolute number or illiterate persons increases every year. This is only an indication of the wastage of human resources for want of appropriate development opportunities. Problem of utilisation of manpower: Better educated manpower aspires for occupations of greater prestige, which are opened up by the new development efforts. Because of its capital intensive nature, the ability, of the new economy for employment generation becomes restricted. Simultaneously, it renders many of the old occupations out of day and redundant. As a result, under-employment and unemployment, including unemployment of educated persons, increases. There is thus wastage of even developed human capital. Over-strained infrastructure: Facilities such as housing, transportation, health care, and education become inadequate. The worst symptoms of congestion in every aspect of living conditions are manifested in the urban areas. In countries such as India, a situation of "over urbanisation" prevails which puts unbearable strain on urban amenities. Overcrowded houses, slums and unsanitary localities, traffic congestion and crowded hospitals have become common features in the developing countries. Pressure on land and other renewable natural resources: Common properties such as forest and water are over-exploited. This results in deforestation and desertification with permanent damage to the renewable resources. Increased cost of production : Human ingenuity and technological advancement makes it possible to increase production of goods and services. But, it must be kept in mind that, the cost of production of the basic necessities of life, such as food, increases when the population is growing fast and worse lands are brought into cultivation with costly irrigation etc. Inequitable distribution of income: Both at the international and national levels income disparities increase. The increase in gross national product (GNP) is greatly reduced in per capita terms on account of the rapidly growing population. In the face of a rapidly growing population, the major concern of a developing country tends to be focused more on economic growth as such. Considerations of unequal distribution of income are pushed to background. So inequalities within the country tend to widen further.

Kanaresisch

ಜನಸಂಖ್ಯಾ ಸ್ಫೋಟದ

Letzte Aktualisierung: 2015-09-18
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Englisch

The Effect of Over Exploitation of Natural Resources and Industrialisa­tion The environment refers to natural things around us which sustain our life, such as the atmosphere of the earth, fresh and healthy air and drinkable water etc. To define environment we may say that it is an outer physical and biological system in which man and other organisms exist with many interacting components. The most recognised among these components include the rocks, minerals, soils and waters, the land and its present and potential vegetation, the animal life and potential for livestock husbandary and the climate etc. There is a close interaction among these various components which seem to produce some kind of equilibrium in the scheme of nature which is termed as ecological balance. This interaction of various components is known as ecosystem. This ecosystem is related with environmental factors. The various living organ­isms of this environment get heat and energy from the sun to make a closely knit ecocycle. Organisms of this ecosystem may generally be divided into three categories: 1. Producers, 2. Consumers, 3. Decomposers. Producers mostly belong, to the category of plants that make their food by the inorganic substances by themselves in the presence of light. Consumers particularly include animals including human being, that de­pend for their food on other organism including plants, and the decomposers come in the category of bacteria and fungus etc. that decompose the organic substances present in dead plants and animals. The system is useful to man. A perfect ecological balance cannot be expected in the wake of growing industrialisation as owing to this, pollution of environment becomes inevitable. The environment has “carrying capacity”, or the amount of pollution or damage an environment can sustain without further degradation. A lake that is 5 times larger than another one can carry roughly 5 times the pollution load. If the loads of pollution are not minimised or environment upgraded to an extent that it will be able to carry them, the environmental degradation will inevitably worsen. By the misuse, abuse and uncontrolled use of resources both natural and otherwise have upset the equilibrium between human activity and nature. Over-exploitation of natural resources in the name of industrialization is posing a great danger to the ecosystem. This danger may be understood in following two ways: 1. Physical Environment. 2. Human Environment. Physical Environment consists of all constituents of natural origin like physiography-, climate, vegetation, soil, water bodies, wild animals and minerals. Human Environment consists of all elements having a human touch in their origin. Such elements include all manifestations of human activities. Of course natural resources cannot be confined to the physical mani­festation of nature, it also includes the entire environmental scenario-the carrying capacity of nature, the extent up to which the nature can accommo­date.

Kanaresisch

ಪರಿಸರ malinya ಮೇಲೆ ಕನ್ನಡ ಪ್ರಬಂಧ

Letzte Aktualisierung: 2015-07-13
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