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Englisch

karpa pai is in which side

Tamilisch

karpa pai எந்த பக்கத்தில் உள்ளது

Letzte Aktualisierung: 2020-03-30
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Englisch

only god has the knowledge of the coming of the hour of doom. he sends down the rain and knows what is in the wombs. no soul is aware of what it will achieve tomorrow and no soul knows in which land it will die. god is all-knowing and all-aware.

Tamilisch

நிச்சயமாக அந்த (கியாம) நேரம் பற்றிய ஞானம் அல்லாஹ்விடமே இருக்கிறது அவனே மழையையும் இறக்குகிறான்; இன்னும் அவன் கர்ப்பங்களில் உள்ளவற்றையும் அறிகிறான். நாளை தினம் தாம் (செய்வது) சம்பாதிப்பது எது என்பதை எவரும் அறிவதில்லை தான் எந்த பூமியில் இறப்போம் என்பதையும் எவரும் அறிவதில்லை. நிச்சயமாக அல்லாஹ்தான் நன்கறிபவன்; நுட்பம் மிக்கவன்.

Letzte Aktualisierung: 2014-07-03
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Englisch

surely allah alone has the knowledge of the hour. it is he who sends down the rain and knows what is in the wombs, although no person knows what he will earn tomorrow, nor does he know in which land he will die. indeed, allah is all-knowing, all-aware.

Tamilisch

நிச்சயமாக அந்த (கியாம) நேரம் பற்றிய ஞானம் அல்லாஹ்விடமே இருக்கிறது அவனே மழையையும் இறக்குகிறான்; இன்னும் அவன் கர்ப்பங்களில் உள்ளவற்றையும் அறிகிறான். நாளை தினம் தாம் (செய்வது) சம்பாதிப்பது எது என்பதை எவரும் அறிவதில்லை தான் எந்த பூமியில் இறப்போம் என்பதையும் எவரும் அறிவதில்லை. நிச்சயமாக அல்லாஹ்தான் நன்கறிபவன்; நுட்பம் மிக்கவன்.

Letzte Aktualisierung: 2014-07-03
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Englisch

sample written program for industrial safety 1 industrial safety program the following safety policy is provided only as a guide to assist employers and employees in complying with the requirements of 29 cfr 1910 and 1926, as well as to provide other helpful information. it is not intended to supersede the requirements of the standards. an employer should review the standards for particular requirements which are applicable to their individual situation and make adjustments to this program that are specific to their company. an employer will need to add information relevant to their particular facility in order to develop an effective, comprehensive program. 2 industrial safety program for (company name) table of contents topic safety & health policy statement safety & health goals new employee orientation safety & training employee responsibilities accident investigation/reporting personal protective equipment safety rules safety committee emergency action plan safety discipline employee confirmation 3 safety & health policy statement xyz manufacturing company believes that no job or task is more important than worker health and safety. if a job represents a potential safety or health threat, every effort will be made to plan a safe way to complete the task in a safe manner. every procedure must be a safe procedure. shortcuts in safe procedures by management and all other associates will not be tolerated. if a worker observes any unsafe or unprotected exposure, which may pose a potential threat to their safety & health, he or she must inform management immediately. if a job can not be done safely…………..it will not be done. every employee is entitled to a safe and healthful place in which to work. _______________________ president 4 safety & health goals the following goals have been established for xyz manufacturing company: (1) provide workers with a safe work environment. (2) conduct routine/regular workplace inspections. (3) provide personal protective equipment. (4) develop and implement safe work procedures and rules. (5) provide on-going safety training (6) enforce safety rules and appropriate discipline. (7) provide on-going property conservation practices. 5 new employee orientation all new employees must attend our safety orientation session prior to starting work within their assigned area. this session will be conducted under the direction of the safety director and in coordination with human resources. upon completion of the safety orientation session, each new employee will be required to acknowledge that they have received, understand, and will abide by the xyz company safety program. all participants must sign a statement verifying that they have completed the session. this report will be filed in the employee’s personnel file. the following topics will be covered in the safety orientation session:  company history  safety program/policy & work rules  responsibilities  safety education/training  safety audit/inspections  accident reporting/investigation requirements  first aid & bloodborne pathogens  personal protective equipment  tool & equipment use  material handling  lockout-tagout  machine guarding  mvr requirements  hazard communication  emergency action  return-to-work & light duty assignments all new hires will be provided an opportunity to ask any question that pertains to their job duties and employment at xyz manufacturing company. 6 safety & training all in-house safety & training sessions will be coordinated by (name of safety director). foremen and assistant foremen are required to be trained in accident investigation procedures by the safety director. operators of forklift trucks are to be trained in-house in accordance with federal/state requirements. operators must attend classroom instruction as well as “behind the wheel training”. all employees who work with, or are exposed to, hazardous chemicals are to be trained in hazard communication, in accordance with federal and state regulations. all employees who don respirators are to be trained in accordance with federal and state regulations. those individuals who don respirators are required to have annual physicals. machine operators and maintenance personnel are to be trained in lockout/tagout procedures. individual locks/keys will be assigned to those individuals participating in the loto program. all employees who don personal protective equipment (ppe) will be trained in the proper use of such equipment. first-aid training and bloodborne pathogen (bbp) training will be conducted by (name of hospital) and the local chapter of the american red cross. machine/equipment operators are to be trained in-house. emphasis is to be placed on point of operation guarding. no employee is allowed to operate a machine unless it is properly guarded. employees who operate company vehicles are required to participate in an in-house defensive driving program. 7 all production, shipping, and warehouse employees are required to attend a 4 hour in-house safety training session on an annual basis. this partial day session is held each january in the conference room. the safety director will decide the topic material; however each annual session is to place emphasis on material handling and machine guarding. all employees, at time of hire, are to be trained in emergency action and proper evacuation of building in case of an emergency. each employee is to be given instruction/training on where to exit and where to locate in the event of an emergency. foremen and assistant foremen are to meet with the safety director on a quarterly basis to discuss training needs and goals. 8 employee responsibilities each employee is responsible to follow established polices and procedures. regular attendance is required of all. following directions is critical. responsibility does not end with just taking care of you. unsafe working conditions and acts must be reported to management. it is the responsibility of each employee to work in a professional and safe manner. 9 accident investigation/reporting all injuries/illnesses must be reported to management as soon as possible. it is the policy of xyz manufacturing company to have all injuries/illnesses investigated by foremen or assistant foremen within 24 hours of incident. a formal accident investigation form (available from the safety director) must be forwarded to the safety director as soon as possible. it is important that all incidents be reported, no matter how slight. any property/liability loss claim must also be reported to management as soon as possible. the safety director will conduct a loss investigation of all property/liability claims. 10 personal protective equipment personal protective equipment (ppe) includes all clothing and accessories designed to protect against workplace hazards. in some situations the only available protection for employees will be the use of ppe and often in emergencies, ppe will be required for the safety of the workers. as required by federal and state regulations, personal protective equipment is essential for the protection of eyes, ears, face and other body parts when working around hazardous machinery and equipment. all ppe must meet established standards (ansi, niosh, osha, etc). all personal protective equipment (ppe) is provided by xyz manufacturing company. employees are not allowed to provide their own ppe unless authorized by the safety director. as a general rule, only company provided ppe is allowed. hazard assessments have been completed throughout the production and warehouse areas of xyz manufacturing company. ppe is required in the following areas: warehouse all employees and visitors are required to wear approved hard hats and eye protection. steel-toed shoes/boots required of warehouse workers. welding shop all employees and visitors are required to wear approved eye protection. approved hard hats required of all welders. approved hearing protection required of all welders. welders are also required to don approved ppe in the form of goggles, helmet, leather coat, apron, steel-toed work boot, gloves, no cuff pants and other 11 equipment as deemed necessary by the safety director. mechanical ventilation is required at all welding stations. paint shop all employees and visitors are required to wear approved eye protection. spray painters are required to wear company provided work clothing (disposable shirt/pants). approved respirators are required during those times when spray painting, mixing, or clean-up is taking place. steel-toed boots/shoes required of paint sprayers. all spray painting is to be conducted within the paint spray booth. mechanical ventilation system is to be in operation when spray painting takes place. general production areas approved eye protection required of all who enter shop. visitor glasses (eye protection) are available in main office as well as next to loading dock door and warehouse entrance. xyz manufacturing company will reimburse employee (maximum - $100) each 24 months for the purchase of approved steel-toed boot/shoe. xyz manufacturing company will provide prescription eye wear (approved safety eye protection) for those individuals requesting same. see safety director for additional information. 12 safety rules all safety rules must be obeyed. failure to do so will result in strict disciplinary action.  all injuries must be reported as soon as possible.  no horseplay, alcohol, or drugs allowed on premises.  no alcohol usage allowed during lunch break.  ppe must be worn as prescribed by management.  all tools/equipment must be maintained in good condition.  only appropriate tools shall be used for specific jobs.  all guards must be kept in place.  no spliced electrical cords/wiring allowed.  only authorized personnel can operate forklift vehicles.  smoking allowed only in lunchroom.  seat belt use required of all drivers/passengers.  all osha safety standards will be followed for job processes requiring respiratory protection. *see separate written respiratory protection program.  all osha safety standards concerning lockout/tagout of energized equipment will be followed. *see separate written lockout/tagout program.  all osha safety standards concerning hazard communications will be followed. *see separate written hazard communications program. 13  all osha safety standards concerning forklift safety will be followed. *see separate written forklift safety program. *these sample written safety programs can be found on the frankenmuth safety services website. they can be downloaded as a pdf or microsoft word file. 14 safety committee the primary purpose of the safety committee is to promote safety awareness and reduce the potential for injury/loss throughout xyz manufacturing company. the safety committee is to be chaired by the safety director and include representatives from each department (total number of committee members not to exceed five individuals). members can be volunteers or appointed. membership is limited to two terms (1 year each) during any four year period. meetings are to be scheduled, when possible, for the same day each month (2nd tuesday of each month – 2:00 p.m.). all meetings are to take place in the conference room. each meeting should have a set agenda and minutes of each meeting recorded. a copy of the minutes shall be forwarded to the executive vice-president within 48 hours of meeting. each safety committee meeting shall include a review of the prior month’s minutes as well as a review of the prior month’s injury/illness log and investigations of losses/claims. past injuries/claims/losses need to be reviewed for any patterns or trends. general functions of the safety committee can include: (1) identifying workplace hazards (2) enforcement of safety rules (3) measuring safety performance (4) reducing frequency/severity of injuries (5) creating safety policies (6) developing and monitoring safety programs specific tasks of the safety committee can include: (1) conducting self-inspections of the workplace 15 (2) review employee reports of hazards (3) assist in safety training (4) creating safety incentive programs (5) publish/distribute safety newsletter (6) inspect ppe (7) post safety posters/slogans on bulletin board (8) identify light duty jobs the safety committee of xyz manufacturing company was formed to promote safety throughout our organization. the benefits of a safety committee are numerous and xyz manufacturing believes that this is a forum for problem solving. the safety committee has an open door policy and welcomes suggestions. 16 emergency action plan the emergency action plan (eap) is in place to ensure employee safety from fire and other emergency. at the time of an emergency, all employees should know what type of evacuation is necessary and what their role is in carrying out the plan. in some emergencies total and immediate evacuation will be necessary. in other emergencies only partial evacuation may be necessary. when a fire is detected it is necessary that the fire alarm pull station be activated as soon as possible. the fire alarm will notify the emergency response team who will perform assigned duties. the activation of the alarm will also notify the local fire department. in the event of bomb threat, toxic chemical release, hazardous weather, or other emergencies – notification will be made over the public address system. in the event of fire, bomb threat, or toxic chemical release; employees are to proceed to the nearest available and safe exit and leave the building as soon as possible. floor plans (maps) and exits have been posted in each department. it is of critical importance that all employees and visitors are accounted for. shop and warehouse employees are to meet in the __________ parking lot on _______ street. secondary location is the intersection of _________ and ________ street. office employees are to meet in the __________ parking lot on __________ street. secondary location is the intersection of __________ and __________ street. 17 in the event of weather emergencies all employees (and visitors) are to evacuate their assigned area and report to the lower level bomb shelter. again, it is of critical importance that all employees and visitors are accounted for. supervisors within each area shall take a head count at the designated meeting areas. it is the responsibility of each supervisor to advise fire and police departments of any missing persons. there will be evacuation training each april and october (full evacuation to designated areas). 18 safety discipline management personnel at all levels are responsible for taking action when a violation is observed. if a violation is observed, they must take action immediately to correct the violation and enforce this disciplinary policy. employees who fail to follow safety rules and regulations established to protect them and their fellow employees endanger themselves and others. visitors and contractors on site are also required to abide by the safety rules and regulations. the following procedures will be followed when a violation is observed: first violation* verbal warning with written confirmation in personnel file. second violation* written warning and ½ day suspension (written confirmation in personnel file). third violation* written warning and one week suspension (written confirmation in personnel file). fourth violation* termination (written confirmation in personnel file). 19 *as warranted by type of violation (use of drugs/alcohol, criminal activity, etc.) termination of employment may take place after any such violation. employee confirmation of safety program this is to certify that i, ___________________________________, have read and will observe the safety practices as outlined in this booklet and other rules presented to me during my employment with xyz manufacturing company. i understand that the safety practices listed are not the only procedures and/or rules that i will be called upon to follow. i also understand that it is a requirement of my employment that any injury/illness be reported to my supervisor immediately. signed _________________________________________ witness ________________________________________ date _______________________ this form to be filed in personnel file the information and suggestions contained in this material have been developed from sources believed to be reliable. however, frankenmuth accepts no legal responsibility for the correctness or completeness of this material, or its application to specific factual situations.

Tamilisch

தமிழ் தொழில்துறை பாதுகாப்பு பற்றிய கட்டுரை

Letzte Aktualisierung: 2017-03-05
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Englisch

2.1 tagore – sadhana i – iii chapters introduction rabindranath tagore born in calcutta on 7th may 1861 was the youngest but one child of debandranath tagore. in the words of tagore himself his father was one whom “i saw very seldom; he was away a great deal, but his presence pervaded the whole house and was one of the deepest influence on my life…’. he was called maharishi or the great saint who believed in the worship of invisible god. tagore’s attitude to god and world was inherited from his father. the tagores were vaishnavas in their religious outlook and were inclined to vegetarianism in diet. they were a set of highly educated and enlightened people who assisted raja ram mohan roy in his movement of social reform. rabindranath tagore lived in a significant age when india was stirred deeply by three movements – religious, literary and social to which the contribution of the tagore family was very great. the first movement was religious and its founder was raja ram mohan roy, who believed that god is one. one of the leaders of this movement was debandranath tagore, rabindranath’s father. the second movement was in the field of literature and bakin chandra tried to rescue bengali language from the degradation of dead forms to which it had fallen and bring a new critical attitude and make bengali language an instrument of the expression of rich imagination that would not tolerate any restrictions imposed upon it from outside. the third movement was national its was national; it was partly political and partly cultural. it raised a voice of protest against the humiliation which the indians were subjected to at the hands of the westermers. it was not opposed to the introduction of western thought, but it certainly was not in favour of indiscriminate rejection of traditional indian culture and values. tagore’s father laid stress on the study of the upanishads and left no stone unturned to check the wave of conversion to christianity in bengal. tagore passed his boyhood in the jarasnako house with the atmosphere that reverberated with the echoes of culture, refinement and art. he was from 63 64 very early years of his life fond of nature and longed for the outer world of nature. he was made to study science, literature, music and painting without taking into consideration whether he was interested in them or not. learning all his subjects in english, he learnt bengali well. educated in india and london showed a great promise as a writer. he was influenced by the vaishnava lyrical poetry, which gave to the poet an impetus to be bold and strike a new path for himself in the field of art and poetry. the awakening of the waterfall, his work showed a great unity of meaning. what was memorable in this experienced was its human message and the sudden expansion of his consciousness in the supernatural world of man. there are three distinctive things which seem to come before us from this new vision of the poet about life. i. the human soul from which the creation and which its creative effort draws it away from itself and harmonizes it with the inner life of nature which is full of human significance. ii. the union between man’s growing consciousness and the spirit of nature is a source of joy and it is in this feeling of delight emerging from a realization of inner harmony of objects that the poet seeks for his definition of beauty. iii. this seeking and this joy is similar to freedom, for it is only by transcending the outer certain of common-placeness and triviality that its real significance is discovered. published a number of collection of songs and poems in which the glorified the ideals of ancient times against the background of the evils of western nationalism which the condemned as the climax of greed. he waged a ceaseless war against the two evils of caste which dehumanizes man and nationality in the west which makes a brute of a man. after the publication of gitanjali which marked the transition in his life, tagore’s national aspirations got merged in the universal. when the visited england and europe he was greated there as seer with a universal message. he was awarded the nobel prize in 1913. the publication of gitanjali in english took the english – reading public by storm and they got examoured as much by 65 the nobility of its though as by the beauty of the language. during the course of his visit to america in 1913 to deliver some addressed there, he made the acquaintance of rudolf eucken, the famous german philosopher, who was also charmed on reading gitanjali. the lectures he delivered in america were published as sadhana by macmillan, along with the gardener, the crescent moon and chitra. tagore was a poet and a dreamer. he felt that the western civilization was heading towards a crash or destruction. he started thinking of the crash or destruction. he started thinking of the problems of life in a calm and detached manner and the expression was marked by a sense of bold optimism attempting to depict tot eh world the message of eternal peace. peace and tranquility proved to be the theme. 2.2 the relation of the individual to the universe the civilization of ancient greece was nurtured within city walls. these walls leave their mark deep in the minds of men. they setup a principle of ‘divide and rule’ in our mental outlook, which begets in us a habit of securing all our conquests by fortifying them and separating them from one another. we divide nation and nation, knowledge and knowledge, man and nature. it breeds in us a strong suspicion of whatever is beyond the barriers we have built an everything has to fight hard for its entrance its our recognition. in india when the first aryan invaders appeared, the vast forests provided them some special advantage of natural protection, food and water in plenty. thus our civilization had its birth and it took a distinct character from this origin and environment. surrounded by vast life of nature, was fed and clothed by her, having the closest and most constant intercourse with her varying objects. this atmosphere instead of dulling human intelligence and dwarfing the incentives to progress, gave it to a particular direction. having constant contact with the living growth of nature, his mind was fee from the desire to extend his mind was free from the desire to extend his dominion by erecting boundary walls around his acquisitions. his aim was not to acquire but to realize, to enlarge his consciousness by growing with and growing into his surroundings. he felt that truth is all comprehensive that there is no such 66 thing as absolute isolation in existence and the only way of attaining truth is through the interpretation of our being into all objects. this harmony between man’s spirit and the spirit of the world was the endeavour of the forest dwelling sages of ancient india. in future even when mighty kingdoms were established – even in the heyday of its material prosperity – the heart of india ever looked back with adoration upon the early ideal of strenuous self-realization and the dignity of the simple life of the forest hermitage. westerners took pride in subduing nature, as if we are living in a hostile world creating and artificial dissociation between himself and the universal nature within whose bosom he lies. but indians believed that there is a rational connection between him and nature. we are in harmony with nature and the thoughts are in harmony with things – the power is in harmony with the power which is universal. according to it, everything that is low in the scale of being is merely nature, and whatever has stamp of perfection on it, intellectual or moral, in human-nature. the earth, water and light, fruits and flowers to india were not merely physical phenomena to be turned to and then left aside. the man who has his spiritual eyes open knows the ultimate truth about earth and water lies in our apprehension of the eternal world. there is not mere knowledge, as science is, but it is a perception of the soul by soul. this gives us not power but joy. when a man does not realize his kinship with the world, he lives in a prison – house whose walls are alien to him. when the meets the eternal spirit in all objects, them he is emancipated, for them he discovers the fullest significance of the world into which he is born. thus the text of our everyday mediation is the gayathri, a verse which is considered to be the epitome of all the vedas. by its help we try to realize the essential unity of the world with the conscious soul of man. we understand the eternal spirit, whose power creates the earth, the sky and the stars. it is not in the power of possession but in the power of union. india knew that when by physical and mental barriers we violently detach ourselves from the inexhaustible life of nature, when we become man, man in the universe, we crate bewildering problems. man must realize the wholeness of his existence, his place in the infinite. the rishis were they, who having reached the supreme god from all sides had found abiding peace, had 67 become united with all, had entered into the life of the universe. thus the state of realizing our relationship with all, of entering into everything through union with god, was considered in india to be the ultimate and fulfillment of humanity. his freedom and fulfillment is in love, which is another name for perfect comprehension. this is why the upanishads describe those who have attained the goal of human life as ‘peaceful’ and as ‘at one with god’, meaning that they are in perfect harmony with man and nature, and therefore in undisturbed union with god. we have a glimpse of the same truth in the teachings of jesus when he says, ‘it is easier for a camel to pass through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter the kingdom of heaven – which implies that whatever we treasure for ourselves separates us from others; our possession are our limitations. it is the one living truth that makes all realities true. this truth is not only of knowledge but of devotion. buddha, who developed the practical side of the teaching of the upanishads, preached the same. the upanishad says that the being who is in his essence of light and life of all, who is world – conscious, is brahma. upanishad also says ‘thou shalt gain by giving away. thou shalt not covet’. in the gita we are advised to work disinterestingly, abandoning all lust for the result. everything his sprung from immoral life and is vibrating with life, for life is immense. 2.3 soul consciousness the aspiration of ancient india was to live and move and have is joy is brahma- the all conscious and all pervading spirit, by extending its field of consciousness all over the world. by beginning to try to realize all, one has to end by realizing nothing. but, in reality, it is not so absurd as it sounds. facts are many, but the truth is one. the animal intelligence knows facts, the human mind has power to apprehend truth. this discovery of truth is pure joy to man – it is a liberation of his mind. truth opens up a whole horizon, it leads us to the infinite. upanishad says ‘know thine own soul’ – realize the one great principle of unity that there is in every man. all our egoistic impulses, our selfish desires, obscure our true vision of the soul. when we are conscious of our soul, we perceive the inner being that 68 transcends our ego and has its deeper affinity with the all. like children learning the alphabets, words and then sentences, our soul when detached and imprisoned within the narrow limits of a self loses its significance. in love he use of difference is obliterated and the human soul fulfils its purpose in perfection, transcending the limits of itself and reaching across the threshold of the infinite. therefore love is the highest bliss that man can attain. our great ‘revealers’ are they who man manifest the true meaning of the soul by giving up self for the love of mankind. we call then ‘mahatmas’ – the men of the great soul? ‘paramathma’ is the supreme soul in me and my joy is in the realization of this truth. the joys and sorrows of our loved ones are joys and sorrows of our loved ones, because in them we have grown larger, in them we have touched that great truth which comprehends the whole universe. our highest joy is in the losing of our egoistic self and in the uniting with others. according to the upanishads, the key to cosmic consciousness, to god- consciousness, is in the consciousness of the soul. the chick knows when it breaks through the selfcentered isolation of its egg that the hard shell which covered it so long was not really a part of its life. in sanskrit, the bird has been called the twice-born : so too the man is named, who has gone through the ceremony of the discipline of self-restraint and high thinking – who has come out simple in wants, pure in heart and ready to take up all the responsibilities of life in a disinterested largeness of spirit. he is considered to have had his rebirth from the blind envelopment of self to the freedom of soul life. when jesus said, ‘blessed are the meek, for they shall inherit the earth’ he meant this. the doctrine of deliverance that buddha preached was the freedom from the thralldom of avidya (ignorance), when he attains ‘bodhi’, i.e., the awakenment from the sleep of self to the perfection of consciousness, he becomes but man’s poverty is abysmal, his wants are endless till he becomes truly conscious of his soul. the vision of the supreme one in our own soul is a direct and immediate intuition. sin is the blurring of truth which clouds the purity of our consciousness. it is the supreme one which makes man feel the pang of his separation from god and gives rise to the earnest prayer, ‘o god, o father, completely sweap away all our sins’. give into us that which is good? man’s cry reach his fullest expression. it is this desire for self69 expression that leads him to attain perfection. man becomes perfect man, he attains his fullest expression, when his soul realizes itself in the infinite being who is avih whose very essence is expression. when a man’s life rescued from distractions finds its unity in the soul, then the consciousness of the infinite becomes at once direct and natural to it as the light is to the flame. all the conflicts and contradictions of life are reconciled; knowledge, love and action harmonized; the formless appears to us in the form of the flower, of the fruit as the supreme one. 2.4 the problem of evil the question why there is evil in existence is the same as why there is imperfection on or why there is creation at all. imperfection is not a negation of perfectness; finitude is not contradictory to infinity; they are but completeness manifested in parts, infinity revealed within bounds. pain, which is the feeling of our finiteness, is not a fixture in our life. it is not an end in itself, as joy is. we feel that good is the positive element in man’s nature, and in every age and every clime what man values west is his ideal of goodness. will is the supreme wish of larger life, the life whose greater partition is out of our present reach, whose objects are not for the most part before our sight. then we begin to distinguish between what we immediately desire and what is good. good is that which is desirable for our greater self. thus sense of goodness comes out of truer view of life. in this he becomes great, for the realizes truth. life is not made up of fragments, purposeless and discontinuous. it is a truth that man is not a detached being, that he has a universal aspect; and when he recognizes this he becomes great; very often it is our moral strength which gives us most effectively the power to do evil, to exploit other individuals for our own benefit, to rob other people of their just rights. the life of an animal is unmoral, for it is aware only of an immediate present; the life of a man can be immoral, but that only means that it must have a moral basis. not to see is to be blind, but to see wrongly is to see only in an imperfect manner. to live the life of goodness is to live the life of all. pleasure is for one’s own self, but goodness is concerned with the happiness of all humanity and for all time. from the point of view of the good, pleasure pain 70 appear in a different meaning. martyrs prove is in history and we prove it every day in our little martyrdoms. to live in perfect goodness is to realize one’s life in the infinite. our body can only die if it tries to eat its own substance, and our eye loses the meaning of its function if it can only see itself. we see then that man’s individuality is not his highest truth, there is that in him which is universal. our organ of sight, our organ of locomotion, our physical strength becomes worldwide; steam and electricity become our nerve and muscle. it is the same with our spiritual life. yet we complain that we are not happy, as if there were something inherent in the nature of things to make us miserable. the universal spirit is waiting to crown us with happiness, but our individual spirit would not accept it. the most important lesson that man can learn from his life is not that there is pain in this world, but it depends upon him to turn it is not good account, that it is possible for him to transmute it into joy. non – dettttailed – 2 . 5 .an area of darkness -v.s.naipaul v.s.naipul’s position as a third generation caribbean settled in england makes the idea of the return (to an unsullied past ,and threby a complete, rooted identity )doubly problematic . in one of his essays ,naipaul wrote , “ although the english language was mine , [ …] its tradition was not ” . there is no virtually caribbean ‘ tradition’ that he can fall back upon , and this perhaps is the basis for his anguished sense . the aboriginal peoples of the caribbean have long been extinct .naipaul has also in his many interviews and essays ,made his own myth into that of the writer as a displaced person ,one who does not “ have a side , doesn’t have a country ;doesn’t have a community ; one who is entirely an individual ” , a figure who has achieved a ‘brahminical ideal of non –attachment ’,a man without a home . his protagonist mr . boswas depicts this linked to the ownership of ‘a house ’ – ‘a home ’.the slow and stately rhythm of his prose ,the measured tone ,reflects a grim solidity , and grants to it something of the status of fact . naipaul visited india for many months on different occasions in order to gather ‘materials’ for his ‘an area of darkness ’ (1964),india :a wounded civilisation (1977),andindia:a mmillion mutinies now (1990). they are serious undertakings that entail much thought and analysis ; thus ,the eye-witness account gives ‘authority’ to his writings . it is a first hand account of what happened and who was involved . no one can doubt the 71 extraordinary qualities of naipaul’s observations ,they are keen ,detailed and exact . in ‘an area of darkness’ , the ‘quest’ for ‘self ’ is notable : there is an intence preoccupation withself, and this colours all of naipaul’s observations and comments . the narrative is replete ,with confessional statements ,with philosophical commentaries ,his own fears and anxieties about india . the philosophical perspective is imbedded everywhere in both of naipaul’s fiction and traver narratives ;it is this substantive –idea that permeates his writings ,and is at times connected with the ‘autobiographical ’sense. in many passages philosophical ideas are brought out through autobiographical instances there is a dynamic interrelationship between both travel and fictional writings . the sharp literary image gives his travel narratives the necessary ‘literariness’ , and at the same time ,his travel narrative

Tamilisch

தமிழ் மொழிபெயர்ப்பு ஆங்கிலம் பத்தி ஆன்லைன்

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how cyclone hudhud got its name soutik biswas delhi correspondent • 11 october 2014 • from the section india image caption hudhud in arabic refers to the hoopoe bird did you know cyclone hudhud, expected to hit india's south-eastern coast on sunday afternoon, was "born" in oman? we are talking about the name of the cyclone, not the storm itself. the cyclone itself originated in the north andaman sea in the bay of bengal and is now hurtling towards andhra pradesh and orissa states. the name hudhud in arabic refers to the hoopoe bird. hurricanes and tropical cyclones in the atlantic have had their own names since 1953, a convention begun by miami's national hurricane centre and maintained and updated by the world meteorological organization (wmo), a geneva-based agency of the united nations. but naming came to south asia and the middle east only recently. it was just too controversial to do the same around the north indian ocean for years cyclones that originated in the north indian ocean were anonymous affairs. image caption in the days before 2004, cyclones in the north indian ocean were nameless one of the reasons, according to dr m mahapatra, who heads india's cyclone warning centre, was that in an "ethnically diverse region we needed to be very careful and neutral in picking up the names so that it did not hurt the sentiments of people". but finally in 2004 they clubbed together and agreed on their favourite names that was when an international panel on tropical cyclones led by the wmo sat down and decided to name their cyclones as a committee in the spirit of co-operation and consensus. eight countries - india, pakistan, bangladesh, maldives, myanmar, oman, sri lanka and thailand - took part. they came up with a list of 64 names - eight names from each country - for upcoming cyclones. image caption cyclone phailin is described as the biggest storm in the region for 14 years the list goes alphabetically, according to each country. the last cyclone in the region was nanauk in june, a name contributed by myanmar. names can be suggested by the general public in the member country or by the government. india, for example, welcomes suggestions on the condition that the name must be "short and readily understood when broadcast, not culturally sensitive and not convey some unintended and potentially inflammatory meaning". "a storm causes so much death and destruction that its name is considered for retirement and hence is not used repeatedly," a statement by india's weather office says. so this time, following the alphabetical order, it is oman's turn last year, phailin, the name for a massive cyclone which battered india's south-eastern coast and led to the evacuation of more than 500,000 people, was provided by thailand. some of the indian names in the queue are the more prosaic megh (cloud), sagar (ocean) and vayu (wind). image caption a cyclone approaching muscat in oman, several years ago - but not named by oman the hudhud, or hoopoe bird, is an exotic creature noticed for its distinctive crown of feathers and is widespread in europe, asia and north africa. next time a cyclone hits the region, it's pakistan's turn to give it a name it will be called nilofar. last time pakistan named a cyclone was nilam in november 2012. the names will not dry up anytime soon. dr mahapatra says hudhud is possibly the 34th name of the list, which means there are 30 more in the queue. the panel of cyclone experts meets every year, and they will be replenishing the list whenever the need arises. it's not that the list of 64 names has been without controversy cyclone mahasen, which hit in 2013 and was named by sri lanka, was changed to viyaru after protests by nationalists and officials in sri lanka. they said mahasen was a king who had brought peace and prosperity to the island, and it was wrong to name a calamity after him. nevertheless, it is important to name cyclones, say experts image caption the hudhud in flight - oman's choice for a cyclone name a name helps people and the media to identify each cyclone and become more aware of its implications. it also does not confuse people if there is more than one tropical cyclone brewing in the region. and these cyclones often prove to be deadly - their names resonate for a very long time.

Tamilisch

காடை, பறவை

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Englisch

english paragraph the full title of this poem is “lines composed a few miles above tintern abbey, on revisiting the banks of the wye during a tour. july 13, 1798.” it opens with the speaker’s declaration that five years have passed since he last visited this location, encountered its tranquil, rustic scenery, and heard the murmuring waters of the river. he recites the objects he sees again, and describes their effect upon him: the “steep and lofty cliffs” impress upon him “thoughts of more deep seclusion”; he leans against the dark sycamore tree and looks at the cottage-grounds and the orchard trees, whose fruit is still unripe. he sees the “wreaths of smoke” rising up from cottage chimneys between the trees, and imagines that they might rise from “vagrant dwellers in the houseless woods,” or from the cave of a hermit in the deep forest. the speaker then describes how his memory of these “beauteous forms” has worked upon him in his absence from them: when he was alone, or in crowded towns and cities, they provided him with “sensations sweet, / felt in the blood, and felt along the heart.” the memory of the woods and cottages offered “tranquil restoration” to his mind, and even affected him when he was not aware of the memory, influencing his deeds of kindness and love. he further credits the memory of the scene with offering him access to that mental and spiritual state in which the burden of the world is lightened, in which he becomes a “living soul” with a view into “the life of things.” the speaker then says that his belief that the memory of the woods has affected him so strongly may be “vain”—but if it is, he has still turned to the memory often in times of “fretful stir.” even in the present moment, the memory of his past experiences in these surroundings floats over his present view of them, and he feels bittersweet joy in reviving them. he thinks happily, too, that his present experience will provide many happy memories for future years. the speaker acknowledges that he is different now from how he was in those long-ago times, when, as a boy, he “bounded o’er the mountains” and through the streams. in those days, he says, nature made up his whole world: waterfalls, mountains, and woods gave shape to his passions, his appetites, and his love. that time is now past, he says, but he does not mourn it, for though he cannot resume his old relationship with nature, he has been amply compensated by a new set of more mature gifts; for instance, he can now “look on nature, not as in the hour / of thoughtless youth; but hearing oftentimes / the still, sad music of humanity.” and he can now sense the presence of something far more subtle, powerful, and fundamental in the light of the setting suns, the ocean, the air itself, and even in the mind of man; this energy seems to him “a motion and a spirit that impels / all thinking thoughts.... / and rolls through all things.” for that reason, he says, he still loves nature, still loves mountains and pastures and woods, for they anchor his purest thoughts and guard the heart and soul of his “moral being.” the speaker says that even if he did not feel this way or understand these things, he would still be in good spirits on this day, for he is in the company of his “dear, dear (d) sister,” who is also his “dear, dear friend,” and in whose voice and manner he observes his former self, and beholds “what i was once.” he offers a prayer to nature that he might continue to do so for a little while, knowing, as he says, that “nature never did betray / the heart that loved her,” but leads rather “from joy to joy.” nature’s power over the mind that seeks her out is such that it renders that mind impervious to “evil tongues,” “rash judgments,” and “the sneers of selfish men,” instilling instead a “cheerful faith” that the world is full of blessings. the speaker then encourages the moon to shine upon his sister, and the wind to blow against her, and he says to her that in later years, when she is sad or fearful, the memory of this experience will help to heal her. and if he himself is dead, she can remember the love with which he worshipped nature. in that case, too, she will remember what the woods meant to the speaker, the way in which, after so many years of absence, they became more dear to him—both for themselves and for the fact that she is in them. to tamil translation online

Tamilisch

தமிழ் மொழிபெயர்ப்பு ஆங்கிலம் பத்தி ஆன்லைன்

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allah is the light of the heavens and the earth; a likeness of his light is as a niche in which is a lamp, the lamp is in a glass, (and) the glass is as it were a brightly shining star, lit from a blessed olive-tree, neither eastern nor western, the oil whereof almost gives light though fire touch it not-- light upon light-- allah guides to his light whom he pleases, and allah sets forth parables for men, and allah is cognizant of all things.

Tamilisch

அல்லாஹ் வானங்கள் பூமிக்கு ஒளி (ஏற்படுத்துபவன்) அவன் (ஏற்படுத்தும்) ஒளிக்கு உவமை விளக்கு வைக்கப்பட்டுள்ள மாடம் போன்றதாகும். அவ்விளக்கு ஒரு கண்ணாடி(க் குவி)யில் இருக்கிறது அக் கண்ணாடி ஒளிவீசம் நட்சத்திரத்தைப் போன்றதாகும். அது பாக்கியம் பெற்ற ஜைத்தூன் மரத்தி(ன் எண்ணெயி)னால் எறிக்கப் படுகிறது. அது கீழ்த்திசையை சேர்ந்ததுமன்று மேல்திசையை சேர்ந்ததுமன்று. அதனை நெருப்புத் தீண்டாவிடினும், அதன் எண்ணெய் ஒளி வீச முற்படும், (இவை எல்லாம் சேர்ந்து) ஒளிக்கு மேல் ஒளியாகும். அல்லாஹ் தான் நாடியவரை தன்னுடைய ஒளி (என்னும் சத்தியப்பாதை)யின் பால் நடத்திச் செல்கிறான். மனிதர்களுக்கு இத்தகைய உவமைகளை அல்லாஹ் தெளிவுபடுத்துகிறான். அல்லாஹ் யாவற்றையும் நன்கு அறிபவன்.

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Englisch

allah is the light of the heavens and the earth; the example of his light is like a niche in which is a lamp; the lamp is in a glass; the glass is as if it were a star shining like a pearl, kindled by the blessed olive tree, neither of the east nor of the west – it is close that the oil itself get ablaze although the fire does not touch it; light upon light; allah guides towards his light whomever he wills; and allah illustrates examples for mankind; and allah knows everything. (the holy prophet is a light from allah)

Tamilisch

அல்லாஹ் வானங்கள் பூமிக்கு ஒளி (ஏற்படுத்துபவன்) அவன் (ஏற்படுத்தும்) ஒளிக்கு உவமை விளக்கு வைக்கப்பட்டுள்ள மாடம் போன்றதாகும். அவ்விளக்கு ஒரு கண்ணாடி(க் குவி)யில் இருக்கிறது அக் கண்ணாடி ஒளிவீசம் நட்சத்திரத்தைப் போன்றதாகும். அது பாக்கியம் பெற்ற ஜைத்தூன் மரத்தி(ன் எண்ணெயி)னால் எறிக்கப் படுகிறது. அது கீழ்த்திசையை சேர்ந்ததுமன்று மேல்திசையை சேர்ந்ததுமன்று. அதனை நெருப்புத் தீண்டாவிடினும், அதன் எண்ணெய் ஒளி வீச முற்படும், (இவை எல்லாம் சேர்ந்து) ஒளிக்கு மேல் ஒளியாகும். அல்லாஹ் தான் நாடியவரை தன்னுடைய ஒளி (என்னும் சத்தியப்பாதை)யின் பால் நடத்திச் செல்கிறான். மனிதர்களுக்கு இத்தகைய உவமைகளை அல்லாஹ் தெளிவுபடுத்துகிறான். அல்லாஹ் யாவற்றையும் நன்கு அறிபவன்.

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Englisch

allah is the lighter of the heavens and the earth. the example of his light is like a tube, in which there is a wick. the wick is in a lamp and the lamp is as a glittering planet kindled from a blessed tree, an olive that is neither of the east nor of the west. its oil would almost shine forth though no fire touched it. light upon light; allah guides to his light whom he will. allah strikes parables for people. allah has knowledge of all things.

Tamilisch

அல்லாஹ் வானங்கள் பூமிக்கு ஒளி (ஏற்படுத்துபவன்) அவன் (ஏற்படுத்தும்) ஒளிக்கு உவமை விளக்கு வைக்கப்பட்டுள்ள மாடம் போன்றதாகும். அவ்விளக்கு ஒரு கண்ணாடி(க் குவி)யில் இருக்கிறது அக் கண்ணாடி ஒளிவீசம் நட்சத்திரத்தைப் போன்றதாகும். அது பாக்கியம் பெற்ற ஜைத்தூன் மரத்தி(ன் எண்ணெயி)னால் எறிக்கப் படுகிறது. அது கீழ்த்திசையை சேர்ந்ததுமன்று மேல்திசையை சேர்ந்ததுமன்று. அதனை நெருப்புத் தீண்டாவிடினும், அதன் எண்ணெய் ஒளி வீச முற்படும், (இவை எல்லாம் சேர்ந்து) ஒளிக்கு மேல் ஒளியாகும். அல்லாஹ் தான் நாடியவரை தன்னுடைய ஒளி (என்னும் சத்தியப்பாதை)யின் பால் நடத்திச் செல்கிறான். மனிதர்களுக்கு இத்தகைய உவமைகளை அல்லாஹ் தெளிவுபடுத்துகிறான். அல்லாஹ் யாவற்றையும் நன்கு அறிபவன்.

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Englisch

say, ‘to whom belongs whatever is in the heavens and the earth?’ say, ‘to allah. he has made mercy incumbent upon himself. he will surely gather you on the day of resurrection, in which there is no doubt. those who have ruined their souls will not have faith.’

Tamilisch

"வானங்களிலும், பூமியிலுமுள்ளவை யாருக்குச் சொந்தம்" என்று (நபியே!) நீர் (அவர்களைக்) கேளும்; (அவர்கள் என்ன பதில் கூறமுடியும்? எனவே) "எல்லாம் அல்லாஹ்வுக்கே சொந்தம்" என்று கூறுவீராக அவன் தன் மீது கருணையை கடமையாக்கிக் கொண்டான்; நிச்சயமாக இறுதி நாளில் உங்களையெல்லாம் அவன் ஒன்று சேர்ப்பான்; இதில் எவ்வித சந்தேகமும் இல்லை எவர்கள் தமக்குத் தாமே நஷ்டத்தை உண்டுபண்ணிக் கொண்டார்களோ, அவர்கள் ஈமான் கொள்ளமாட்டார்கள்.

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Englisch

say, “to whom belongs what is in the heavens and the earth?” say, “to god.” he has inscribed for himself mercy. he will gather you to the day of resurrection, in which there is no doubt. those who lost their souls do not believe.

Tamilisch

"வானங்களிலும், பூமியிலுமுள்ளவை யாருக்குச் சொந்தம்" என்று (நபியே!) நீர் (அவர்களைக்) கேளும்; (அவர்கள் என்ன பதில் கூறமுடியும்? எனவே) "எல்லாம் அல்லாஹ்வுக்கே சொந்தம்" என்று கூறுவீராக அவன் தன் மீது கருணையை கடமையாக்கிக் கொண்டான்; நிச்சயமாக இறுதி நாளில் உங்களையெல்லாம் அவன் ஒன்று சேர்ப்பான்; இதில் எவ்வித சந்தேகமும் இல்லை எவர்கள் தமக்குத் தாமே நஷ்டத்தை உண்டுபண்ணிக் கொண்டார்களோ, அவர்கள் ஈமான் கொள்ளமாட்டார்கள்.

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Englisch

say, “to whom does all whatever is in the heavens and the earth, belong?” proclaim, “to allah”; he has made mercy obligatory upon his grace; undoubtedly, he will surely gather you all together on the day of resurrection in which there is no doubt; those who put their souls to ruin, do not accept faith.

Tamilisch

"வானங்களிலும், பூமியிலுமுள்ளவை யாருக்குச் சொந்தம்" என்று (நபியே!) நீர் (அவர்களைக்) கேளும்; (அவர்கள் என்ன பதில் கூறமுடியும்? எனவே) "எல்லாம் அல்லாஹ்வுக்கே சொந்தம்" என்று கூறுவீராக அவன் தன் மீது கருணையை கடமையாக்கிக் கொண்டான்; நிச்சயமாக இறுதி நாளில் உங்களையெல்லாம் அவன் ஒன்று சேர்ப்பான்; இதில் எவ்வித சந்தேகமும் இல்லை எவர்கள் தமக்குத் தாமே நஷ்டத்தை உண்டுபண்ணிக் கொண்டார்களோ, அவர்கள் ஈமான் கொள்ளமாட்டார்கள்.

Letzte Aktualisierung: 2014-07-03
Nutzungshäufigkeit: 1
Qualität:

Referenz: Anonym
Warnung: Enthält unsichtbare HTML-Formatierung

Englisch

say: 'to whom belongs that which is in the heavens and the earth' say: 'to allah. he has written for himself mercy, and will gather you on the day ofresurrection in which there is no doubt. those who have lost their souls, they do not believe'

Tamilisch

"வானங்களிலும், பூமியிலுமுள்ளவை யாருக்குச் சொந்தம்" என்று (நபியே!) நீர் (அவர்களைக்) கேளும்; (அவர்கள் என்ன பதில் கூறமுடியும்? எனவே) "எல்லாம் அல்லாஹ்வுக்கே சொந்தம்" என்று கூறுவீராக அவன் தன் மீது கருணையை கடமையாக்கிக் கொண்டான்; நிச்சயமாக இறுதி நாளில் உங்களையெல்லாம் அவன் ஒன்று சேர்ப்பான்; இதில் எவ்வித சந்தேகமும் இல்லை எவர்கள் தமக்குத் தாமே நஷ்டத்தை உண்டுபண்ணிக் கொண்டார்களோ, அவர்கள் ஈமான் கொள்ளமாட்டார்கள்.

Letzte Aktualisierung: 2014-07-03
Nutzungshäufigkeit: 1
Qualität:

Referenz: Anonym
Warnung: Enthält unsichtbare HTML-Formatierung

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