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English

i will confirm once it is done

Hindi

एक बार यह हो जाने पर मैं पुष्टि करूंगा

Last Update: 2018-05-29
Usage Frequency: 1
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Reference: Anonymous

English

i will confirm

Hindi

साक्षात्कार के लिए मैं आपको पुष्टि करूंगा

Last Update: 2019-01-23
Usage Frequency: 1
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Reference: Anonymous

English

i will confirm soon

Hindi

मैं जल्द ही पुष्टि करूंगा

Last Update: 2018-05-22
Usage Frequency: 1
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Reference: Anonymous

English

You shall know once it is decided

Hindi

एक बार निर्णय लिया जाए तो आपको पता चल जाएगा

Last Update: 2017-09-24
Usage Frequency: 1
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Reference: Anonymous

English

it always seems impossible until it is done

Hindi

यह हमेशा असंभव लगता है जब तक यह नहीं किया जाता है

Last Update: 2018-05-29
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Reference: Anonymous

English

Either way, I will celebrate Eid on the day I think it is appropriate!" she writes.

Hindi

जो भी हो, मैं तो उस दिन ईद मनाऊंगी जिस दिन मुझे वह सबसे उपयुक्त लगेगा. ! ”

Last Update: 2016-02-24
Usage Frequency: 1
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Reference: Anonymous
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English

He said, "I will ask forgiveness for you from my Lord. Indeed, it is He who is the Forgiving, the Merciful."

Hindi

उसने कहा, "मैं अपने रब से तुम्हारे लिए प्रार्थना करूँगा। वह बहुत क्षमाशील, दयावान है।"

Last Update: 2014-07-03
Usage Frequency: 1
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Reference: Anonymous
Warning: Contains invisible HTML formatting

English

He said, "I will ask forgiveness for you from my Lord. Indeed, it is He who is the Forgiving, the Merciful."

Hindi

याक़ूब ने कहा मै बहुत जल्द अपने परवरदिगार से तुम्हारी मग़फिरत की दुआ करुगाँ बेशक वह बड़ा बख्शने वाला मेहरबान है

Last Update: 2014-07-03
Usage Frequency: 1
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Reference: Anonymous
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English

I will not deny that it is disturbing because those who play these games are generally from the young generations who are raised upon the hate of another religion and its believers to that extent that they want to wipe them.

Hindi

क्योंकि इन खेलों को अंततः युवा पीढ़ी ही खेलेगी, और इस खेल के जरिए उनके जेहन में दूसरे धर्मों के प्रति इस कदर तक कड़वाहट भर दी जाएगी कि वे इस दुनिया में उनका नामोनिशान मिटाने के लिए खुलेआम कत्लेआम करने लगेंगे.

Last Update: 2016-02-24
Usage Frequency: 1
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Reference: Anonymous

English

The last page will send the bug report to the bug tracking system and will notify you when it is done. It will then show the web address of the bug report in the KDE bug tracking system, so that you can look at the report later.

Hindi

@ info/ rich

Last Update: 2011-10-23
Usage Frequency: 1
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Reference: Anonymous

English

Your life is incomplete, do not know why it is your distance between me, I think I will never forget you, but your every smile is my weakness !!

Hindi

ज़िन्दगी तेरे बिन अधूरी है, न जाने क्यों तेरे मेरे बिच ये दूरी है, सोचता हूँ कभी भुला दूँ तुझको, पर तेरी हर मुस्कान मेरी कमजोरी है!!

Last Update: 2017-11-11
Usage Frequency: 1
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Reference: Anonymous

English

My  favourite movie is 3 Idiots.This is a story of the three engineering students in Imperial College of Engineering who finds their friendship as making themselves like idiots but learning from it. The main casts were Farhan Qureshi acted by R. Madhavan, Raju Rastogi acted by Sharman Joshi and Ranchoddas Shamaldas “Rancho” Chanchad acted by Aamir Khan.The main reason why I like love film, inspite of being a comedy carries a message and it’s about humanity. Other than that, I like this movie because it conveys about our schooling system. Nowadays, rote memorization isn't the only thing,it is the understanding of the subject that is needed more than that. It also conveys about expectations of parents and teachers from students. That it is about what one truly enjoys doing than to do what earns more. That grades are not everything.Moreover,In this movie it shows me that we must care and love our family. I really love my family. I always keep my promises for them, to raise them from poverty and to travel with them around the world. What I wanted for my family is to make them happy. Like Raju,we just want to free our family from poor quality that we had. Still I am happy though my family is striving crisis, because I believe that what important is, you are together with your family and you are having fun. This film influences me so much especially the quote “All is well” that always comes out from the mouth of Rancho. I belives that whatever circumstances may lead, if there is any obstacle I may encounter, I will just say this and I will be calm because I believes that there must be a solution in every problem

Hindi

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Last Update: 2019-01-23
Usage Frequency: 1
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Reference: Anonymous

English

world with what the almighty God has used in blessing i and my late husband. The vision seems so terrific and i was so bothered that i had a day fasting and prayer over it and someone in my church then interpret the meaning of my dreams to me telling me that i am having something which is in need in the world and he want me to use it to bless the world and the person asked me to think very well because it is the voice of the Lord that has spoken to me and all that.I searched myself very well and i get to remember that i am having the fund which i and my husband had labored for so many years and i contacted the security company as the beneficiary of the funds and i was confirmed the owner of the funds and am asked to come around and get it exactly when am ready to but i should made awareness of when i will be coming so that proper arrangement would be made then but it is a pity i cant go which you know.I had another dream which made me realize that i must not be in possession of the money and i should go into the world and look for someone in the world to distribute the funds in a Godly manner. So i decided to search with the name related to a woman who took very good care of me when i was dump by my runaway parents. i was brought up in a motherless baby home and so i told my nurse to help me get an internet account after that i decided to search i got about 865 profiles and i prayed over it and you know whats funny ? among all the profiles i chose it was yours that the Lord has chosen to distribute this funds as a sacrifice from the lord to the world.It is a means of you been committed to the Lord and this will make you move closer to him as well and i am very sure that he must certainly have a reason why he want you to do this on his behalf please be strong and have faith in yourself and in me and make me realize that you will do it just because i know you can do it and i see you doing it right among everyone else.Hope i read from you soonest and please make sure that you never forget me in your prayers kindly get back to me thanks and God bless you and your household make a prayer over it and you will smell it around you sent me to you.God bless you a........in his riches..................Amen. Show quoted text

Hindi

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Last Update: 2017-07-17
Usage Frequency: 1
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Reference: Anonymous

English

I am soil. I like to be a soil. Whenever the cyclone came I will be rounded like a airThen I would see more friend and I make a New friend s'. So I'll be more happy. I will be always in the ground I don't like that very much because it will get go always if it is in the same place I will get more bore. Many peoples will kick me and disturb me. play with me I like it so much. If many members with me I like it so much. I like to be a soil.Ilike it very much...

Hindi

मैं मिट्टी हूँ। मैं एक मिट्टी हो करने के लिए पसंद है। जब भी चक्रवात आया था मैं एक हवा की तरह तो मैं और अधिक दोस्त देख रहा होता और मैं एक नए दोस्त एस कर दिया जाता है '। तो मैं और अधिक खुश हो जाएगा। मैं हमेशा यह मिलेगा, क्योंकि मैं कि जैसे बहुत ज्यादा हमेशा यह है मैं और अधिक हो जाएगा एक ही जगह में बोर तो नहीं जाते जमीन में हो जाएगा। कई लोग मुझे लात और मुझे परेशान होगा। खेलना मेरे साथ मैं इसे बहुत पसंद much. कई सदस्यों के साथ मुझे मैं इसे बहुत पसंद करते है तो। मैं एक मिट्टी हो करने के लिए पसंद है। मैं इसे बहुत पसंद है...

Last Update: 2016-12-05
Usage Frequency: 4
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Reference: Anonymous
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English

Maniappa was a farmer. He worked from dawn to dusk in his field. Amidst the crops in the field, a sparrow had built a nest. She roosted in the nest. She got two children. The little sparrows lived with their mother happily. Days passed by. And the harvesting season fast approached. The corns were ripe. And everywhere people started their harvests. The little sparrows said to their mother, "Mummy! We will have to flyaway". The mother sparrow replied, “Not so soon babies! The farmer is not ready. One day, they heard the farmer saying "I must call my neighbours and make them do the harvest." The little sparrows said, “Mummy, tonight we shall fly away." The mother said, “Not so soon babies. The farmer won’t make it." The words of the mother came true. The neighbours did not turn up the next day. The farmer was heard saying, "I will call my relatives and make them do the harvest". This time also the little ones wanted to flyaway. But the mother asked them to relax. Once again, the words of the mother came true. Now, they heard the farmer saying "Tomorrow I will do the harvest myself'. On hearing these words, the mother said, “Come my children. It is time for us to leave this field". MORAL : Self-help is always respected

Hindi

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Last Update: 2016-11-08
Usage Frequency: 3
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Reference: Anonymous
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English

Time is the most valuable thing on this earth; nothing can be compared with it. Once it goes, never be back. It always runs only in forward direction and not in backward direction. Everything in this world depends on time, nothing happens before time. Everything requires some time to get done. If we have not time, we have nothing. Loss of time is considered as the worst thing on this earth because wasting time, wastes us and our future. We never acquire lost time again. If we have lost our time, we have lost everything. Most of the people value their money more than the time however it is true that nothing is as valuable as time. It is time which gives us money; prosperity and happiness however nothing in this world can give time. Time can only be used; one can never buy or sell it. Most of the people live their life in useless way. They enjoy their time by only eating, playing or other lazy activities with their friends. In this way they spend days and years. They never think that what they are doing, in what ways they are living their time, etc. Even they never regret their ways of time wasting and never become sorry. Indirectly they have lost their lots of cash and most importantly the time which they never get back. We should learn from the mistakes of others as well as should inspire from the success of others. We should use our time in doing some useful works so that time may bless us, not destroy.

Hindi

nibandh मराठी veleche mhatva

Last Update: 2016-07-17
Usage Frequency: 1
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Reference: Anonymous

English

Dear Tarvinder, You and I spent two hours together yesterday evening ! In any case this is the impression I had, because I couldn't resist : I began drafting your Grand Psychic Study. I know I shouldn't have without your agreement… But for several weeks now I have KNOWN that Destiny is your friend, and opens all the doors of Fortune for you. It is destiny which has placed me in charge of guiding you on your Happiness Route. I simply don't feel I have the right to abandon you, to leave you to sink deeper into disappointment and failure. Without help, you won't find the keys to read into your future and retake the right direction ! You know this, because you wouldn't experience all these difficulties you're facing at the moment if you could help it. And yet you are so close to happiness, you are letting so many signs pass you by which show benevolence from the Heavens for you, that I could very quickly help you to reverse these negative tendencies which are « weighing you down ». With the incredibly beneficial chart which you could benefit from to transform your future, it's such a waste Tarvinder ! Every day that goes by is another day lost, and God knows you don't need this. And what if I immediately told you what I saw in your Grand Study? Of course I haven't finished, but I will lift part of the veil for you in a moment ! Because you absolutely must understand that the Grand Psychic Study I want to do for you is the start of a complete revival of your existence. To a point you probably can't even imagine! This reading will contain precise and concrete revelations on all the events that the future holds for you. These predictions are important to me, because I know that they are exactly what you're expecting. The medium advice that I will give you to help you make the right choices will be numerous and very clear. And with this Grand Psychic Reading, I could trigger all the power of my beneficial occult protection. A promise is a promise... Here is : Your 1 st personal revelation I have examined all the aspects of your life and your personality. I saw that you are benefitting from a totally extraordinary phenomenon: your birth astral configuration has offered you only the best! Finances, professional and love life... I tackle absolutely everything that is important to you, in detail. If you were not subjected to these dramatic harmful influences purposely directed at you, you would be the luckiest person I have met for years... In your Grand Study, I will tell you how to lift these barriers ! I will speak to you straight, Tarvinder : my Occult Powers go as far as using White Magic, and I will use it for you. Your 2 nd personal revelation Your Luckiest area ? The financial area ! I must especially speak to you about your astral configuration regarding games of chance... In your Grand Study, I will give you all the necessary advice to take advantage of what is destined for you without taking any risks... Our objective is your durable material security. Your 3 rd personal revelation Numerology is my passion: the science of numbers is an ancestral knowledge, the Elders taught us that numbers regulate the Cosmos, and our lives... So, I will add to your Grand Study as a gift : your lucky numbers, for all the different circumstances of your life, and also all the beneficial dates in your life From now on. You are going to be someone IN THE KNOW. (how do you think the richest and most famous people have so much success...?) I am always ready to help you, Tarvinder, For as long as you need it I have already spent hours working on your case, and I have sent you the first important revelations for you. In you I have discovered personal abilities, exceptional gifts from destiny, and the paradox of these occult and dark actions against you which contribute to your sticky situation… But do you think I would spend so much time on your case, working to give you the help you need and at the right time so that you take the right direction, if I wasn't certain of what I sense right now? You cannot fight alone against an evil intervention which spoils your life, and when you have been feeling so bad for such a long time. Faced with the importance of what is at stake, it is more than time to learn more about yourself and your future. This is not a coincidence Tarvinder, Destiny has united us at the right time ! Please request your Grand Psychic Study immediately, it is the first very easy step towards your new life. A life where you are finally going to take advantage of all pleasures and all satisfactions. This is not the time to hesitate, my hand is that of a friend who is bringing you Fortune. Grab it without the slightest hesitation. You are taking no risks, except that of being happy, satisfied, safe and recognized for your true worth. I fully commit myself to you, Tarvinder Your gift of confidence is still 100% guaranteed: you don't risk losing a cent! If you are not totally satisfied after reading your Grand Psychic Study, simply return it to me by email and I will fully reimburse you, no questions asked. It is my greatest pleasure to do everything within my power for you. Finally, I am not asking for any fees, just a modest participation towards my costs : 577.00 INR only, instead of my usual fees of 1154 INR. Making a 57% saving for you. And this is really not something I can do very often, because drafting your Grand Psychic Study is very long and very intense work. My greatest reward would be an email from you announcing your success, and almost certainly your surprise at all the happy changes ! You know, you cannot chose to be in the Medium Consultant business without loving your neighbor, and having a profound desire to make others happy. This is our mission on earth, us people who have received the Gift. Tarvinder, please give me your agreement now, and I will be by your side to assist in the evolution of your life with all my power. I REQUEST MY GRAND PSYCHIC STUDY Signature Psychic-Spiritualist PS : Your Grand Psychic Study is a document containing many pages, because I want to provide you with all the revelations, and I don't want to hold anything back. Please, take the time to read it thoroughly, it contains information only about your future. Get ready to make some truly astonishing discoveries ! Footergoogle translet

Hindi

Dear Tarvinder, You and I spent two hours together yesterday evening ! In any case this is the impression I had, because I couldn't resist : I began drafting your Grand Psychic Study. I know I shouldn't have without your agreement… But for several weeks now I have KNOWN that Destiny is your friend, and opens all the doors of Fortune for you. It is destiny which has placed me in charge of guiding you on your Happiness Route. I simply don't feel I have the right to abandon you, to leave you to sink deeper into disappointment and failure. Without help, you won't find the keys to read into your future and retake the right direction ! You know this, because you wouldn't experience all these difficulties you're facing at the moment if you could help it. And yet you are so close to happiness, you are letting so many signs pass you by which show benevolence from the Heavens for you, that I could very quickly help you to reverse these negative tendencies which are « weighing you down ». With the incredibly beneficial chart which you could benefit from to transform your future, it's such a waste Tarvinder ! Every day that goes by is another day lost, and God knows you don't need this. And what if I immediately told you what I saw in your Grand Study? Of course I haven't finished, but I will lift part of the veil for you in a moment ! Because you absolutely must understand that the Grand Psychic Study I want to do for you is the start of a complete revival of your existence. To a point you probably can't even imagine! This reading will contain precise and concrete revelations on all the events that the future holds for you. These predictions are important to me, because I know that they are exactly what you're expecting. The medium advice that I will give you to help you make the right choices will be numerous and very clear. And with this Grand Psychic Reading, I could trigger all the power of my beneficial occult protection. A promise is a promise... Here is : Your 1 st personal revelation I have examined all the aspects of your life and your personality. I saw that you are benefitting from a totally extraordinary phenomenon: your birth astral configuration has offered you only the best! Finances, professional and love life... I tackle absolutely everything that is important to you, in detail. If you were not subjected to these dramatic harmful influences purposely directed at you, you would be the luckiest person I have met for years... In your Grand Study, I will tell you how to lift these barriers ! I will speak to you straight, Tarvinder : my Occult Powers go as far as using White Magic, and I will use it for you. Your 2 nd personal revelation Your Luckiest area ? The financial area ! I must especially speak to you about your astral configuration regarding games of chance... In your Grand Study, I will give you all the necessary advice to take advantage of what is destined for you without taking any risks... Our objective is your durable material security. Your 3 rd personal revelation Numerology is my passion: the science of numbers is an ancestral knowledge, the Elders taught us that numbers regulate the Cosmos, and our lives... So, I will add to your Grand Study as a gift : your lucky numbers, for all the different circumstances of your life, and also all the beneficial dates in your life From now on. You are going to be someone IN THE KNOW. (how do you think the richest and most famous people have so much success...?) I am always ready to help you, Tarvinder, For as long as you need it I have already spent hours working on your case, and I have sent you the first important revelations for you. In you I have discovered personal abilities, exceptional gifts from destiny, and the paradox of these occult and dark actions against you which contribute to your sticky situation… But do you think I would spend so much time on your case, working to give you the help you need and at the right time so that you take the right direction, if I wasn't certain of what I sense right now? You cannot fight alone against an evil intervention which spoils your life, and when you have been feeling so bad for such a long time. Faced with the importance of what is at stake, it is more than time to learn more about yourself and your future. This is not a coincidence Tarvinder, Destiny has united us at the right time ! Please request your Grand Psychic Study immediately, it is the first very easy step towards your new life. A life where you are finally going to take advantage of all pleasures and all satisfactions. This is not the time to hesitate, my hand is that of a friend who is bringing you Fortune. Grab it without the slightest hesitation. You are taking no risks, except that of being happy, satisfied, safe and recognized for your true worth. I fully commit myself to you, Tarvinder Your gift of confidence is still 100% guaranteed: you don't risk losing a cent! If you are not totally satisfied after reading your Grand Psychic Study, simply return it to me by email and I will fully reimburse you, no questions asked. It is my greatest pleasure to do everything within my power for you. Finally, I am not asking for any fees, just a modest participation towards my costs : 577.00 INR only, instead of my usual fees of 1154 INR. Making a 57% saving for you. And this is really not something I can do very often, because drafting your Grand Psychic Study is very long and very intense work. My greatest reward would be an email from you announcing your success, and almost certainly your surprise at all the happy changes ! You know, you cannot chose to be in the Medium Consultant business without loving your neighbor, and having a profound desire to make others happy. This is our mission on earth, us people who have received the Gift. Tarvinder, please give me your agreement now, and I will be by your side to assist in the evolution of your life with all my power. I REQUEST MY GRAND PSYCHIC STUDY Signature Psychic-Spiritualist PS : Your Grand Psychic Study is a document containing many pages, because I want to provide you with all the revelations, and I don't want to hold anything back. Please, take the time to read it thoroughly, it contains information only about your future. Get ready to make some truly astonishing discoveries ! Footer

Last Update: 2015-10-21
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:

Reference: Anonymous

English

Different peoples have different goals in their life. There are various professions like engineer, teacher, scientist, lecturer , doctor etc. But for achieving our aims we have to work from the very beginning. We also have to work very hard in proper way. Because without working sincerely we can’t achieve our set targets in our life. But for all these things we have to know our strength and weakness. The strength in a subject must be kept in mind for choosing the right path of success. I searched my plus and minus side of intelligence and knew that I have a strong memory power. I score also well in science subject . Therefore I decided to become a Doctor. It is because I judged my strength and I gave priority to my choice. As I am a girl this profession is quite suit to me. I usually read science and it was just like my dream to be a doctor. Second reason One day when I was going with my family to market for marketing. I saw a poor man begging for his son. I saw that his son was dying because of a disease. I don’t know what was the disease. From that day I determined I will become a doctor to help the needy and poor people. It is a very rewarding and satisfactory job. I know that becoming a doctor is not a very easy task. It is a long journey of study to become a good doctor. But I have confidence in myself to accomplish the target. A doctor is someone who can help ill people anywhere anytime and can give his family good cure for health. Doctors are very respected people . There are many types of doctors like eye specialist, skin specialist etc. I want to become a medical doctor. It is distant from surgical work. Surgical job is not my favorite one. Many more can be written about "the aim of becoming a doctor". I will elaborate this one in my next essay

Hindi

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Last Update: 2015-10-09
Usage Frequency: 1
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Reference: Anonymous
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English

koyal bird-essaLittle Swetha was playing alone in the backyard of her house. She was feeling lonely and waited for her friends from the neighbor houses to come and play with her. Suddenly she heard a beautiful song of a bird from the top of her house. She looked up and spotted a black bird there. Though it was black looking something like a crow, he sang beautifully and Swetha was very happy. She forgot about her loneliness in the company of the bird. As there was no sound from Swetha, her mother got worried and left her job in the kitchen and came to the backyard to find out about her daughter. Amazingly, she found Swetha in a very happy mood engrossed in the cuckoo’s song. But when the bird saw her mother he flew away. “O mama! What a nice bird? Such a beautiful song? What is the name of this bird, mama?” Swetha wanted to know more about the bird, which made her happy all this time. “This bird is called Cuckoo or Koel. Cuckoo is a small bird seen all over India. They are also found in many Bird Sanctuaries in India. Cuckoos are also seen in Australia. A cuckoo has a length of 39-46 cms," said her mother, sitting next to her daughter. By then Swetha’s friends – Reema and Sujith - came and joined them. “Mummy, tell me more about cuckoo,” demanded Swetha. “Okay. I’ll tell you everything about this bird. I know what all questions you will have, and I will answer them one by one. Listen carefully.” “Aunty, what is the zoological name of a cuckoo?” asked Sujith who was a 5th standard student. "The zoological name of cuckoo is Eudynamys scolopacea." “Aunty, how do they look in appearance?” That was Reema’s question. "A cuckoo has a long tail, pointed wings and curved bills. A cuckoo’s tail is dark gray and slightly white in colour. The crown is dark brown and the bill is pale green in colour." "How do we differentiate them whether they are males or females? Asked Sujith." "A male cuckoo is glistening black, with yellowish green bill and crimson eyes. They have short wings but long tail". Female cuckoos are slightly smaller than the males. A female cuckoo has green beak and red eyes. The female is dark brown, with profusely spotted and barred with white. They have green beak and red eyes," said Swetha's mother. “Mummy, what do they eat? Who gives them food?” "Cuckoos are carnivorous. You may wonder what is carnivorous? It means they eat flesh" "They eat fruits, insects,caterpillars, grasshoppers, lizards, small snakes and mammals." The children looked at each other in surprise. "Where do they live? Do they have houses like us?" asked Swetha. Her mother smiled. "They live on the canopy of the trees, where they make their nests." "How do they get brothers and sisters?" Reema wanted to know. "A mother cuckoo lays egg in the nest of the other bird. Once the egg is hatched the chick forces the other eggs and hatchings out of the nest. The babies have dark eyes. When the chick leaves the nest it roosts in the outer branches of a tree." "A mother koel lays her eggs in the nest of a crow. After laying the eggs, the female koel flies away to the dense forests as it likes to live on big trees full of leaves to hide it. Their eggs are hatched by the crow." She added. "Very interesting! Aunty, when is their breeding season?" asked Sujith. "The breeding season of Cuckoos is September to March," replied Swetha's mother. "Do they always sing like this?" asked Swetha. "No. They usually sing in spring season because it is their mating season. The males sing such beautiful song to attract the female ones." "How sad we missed watching the cuckoo singing!" Reema was disappointed. "Don't worry, Reema. I have a video of a cuckoo singing. Watch this video. All of you come inside and I will switch the computer on," said Swetha's mother. y in hindi

Hindi

हिंदी में कोयल पक्षी-निबंध

Last Update: 2015-08-03
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Reference: Anonymous
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natural resources in indiaNatural resources of India From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Natural resources are utilisable materials derived from the environment. Resources are classified as either biotic or abiotic on the basis of their origin. The Indian landmass contains a multitude of both types of resource and its economy, especially in rural areas, is heavily dependent on their consumption or export. Due to overconsumption, such as uncontrolled logging or overfishing, many valuable natural resources are rapidly being depleted. Contents • 1 General • 2 Biotic resources o 2.1 Forestry o 2.2 Fish o 2.3 Coal o 2.4 Oil o 2.5 Natural gas • 3 Abiotic resources o 3.1 Metallic minerals  3.1.1 Copper  3.1.2 Zinc  3.1.3 Iron ore  3.1.4 Chromite o 3.2 Non-metallic minerals  3.2.1 Garnet group  3.2.2 Wollastonite  3.2.3 Sillimanite group  3.2.4 Ilmenite  3.2.5 Pyrophyllite o 3.3 Minor minerals  3.3.1 Marble o 3.4 Nuclear  3.4.1 Uranium  3.4.2 Thorium • 4 See also • 5 References General The total cultivable area in India is 12,945,355 km² (56.78% of its total land area), which is shrinking due to population pressures and rapid urbanisation. India has a total water surface area of 360,400 km²[1] and receives an average annual rainfall of 1,100 mm. Irrigation accounts for 92% of the water utilisation, comprising an area of 380 km² in 1974. It is expected to rise to 1,050 km² by 2025, with the balance accounted for by industrial and domestic consumers. India's inland water resources include rivers, canals, ponds and lakes, coupled with the east and west coasts of the Indian ocean and other gulfs and bays. These provide employment to nearly 6 million people in the fisheries sector. In 2008, India had the world's third largest fishing industry.[2] India produces 4 fuels, 11 metallic, 52 non-metallic and 22 minor minerals.[3] India's major mineral resources include Coal (4th largest reserves in the world), Iron ore, Manganese ore (7th largest reserve in the world as in 2013),[4] Mica, Bauxite (5th largest reserve in the world as in 2013),[5] Chromite, Natural gas, Diamonds, Limestone and Thorium (world's largest along Tamil Nadus[6] shores). India's oil reserves, found in Bombay High off the coast of Maharashtra, Gujarat, Rajasthan and in eastern Assam meet 25% of the country's demand.[7][8] A national level agency National Natural Resources Management System (NNRMS) was established in 1983 for integrated natural resources management in the country. It is supported by Planning Commission (India) and Department of Space.[9] Biotic resources Biotic resources are obtained from the living and organic material. These include forest products, wildlife, crops and other living organisms. Most of these resources are renewable because they can regenerate themselves. Fossil fuels are considered as biotic because they are formed from decayed organic matter. Fossil fuels are non-renewable.[10] Forestry Forest in Western ghats section, Karnataka India's land area includes regions with high rainfall to dry deserts, Coast line to Alpine regions. Around 21 percent of the total geographical area consists of Forests. Due to variations in climatic conditions and differences in altitude, different types of Forest are present in India including Tropical, Swamps, Mangrove and Alpine. Variety of forest vegetation is large. Forests are the main source of Fire woods, Paper, Spices, Drugs, Herbs, Gums and more. Forests contribute significant amount to nation's GDP.[11] Main article: Forestry in India Fish India has a long history in fishing and aquaculture. India has rich marine and inland water resources. It has an 8129 km long coastline. Inland fishery is carried out in Rivers, Reservoirs and Lakes. In Indian rivers more than 400 species of fish are found and many species are economically important. Shrimps, Sardines, Mackerels, Carangids, Croakers and other varieties are available. Major Fish species available are Carp, Catfish, Murrel and Weed fish.[12] India is one of the major marine fish producer. In 2012-2013, 9 Lakh tonnes of Marine products was exported.[13] Main article: Fishing in India Coal Main article: Coal mining in India Coal mine in Dhanbad district of Jharkhand state Coal mining in India started in 1774 through East India Company in the Raniganj Coalfield along the Western bank of Damodar River in the Indian State of West Bengal . Growth of the Indian coal mining started when steam locomotives were introduced in 1853. Production increased to Million tonnes. Production reached 30 million tonnes in 1946. After Independence, National Coal Development Corporation was set up and colleries were owned by Railways. India consumes coal mainly for Power sector. Other industries like cement, fertilizer, chemical and paper rely coal for energy requirements.[14] Oil India had about 125 Million metric tonne of proven oil reserves as April 2010 or 5.62 billion barrels as per EIA estimate for 2009,[15] which is the second-largest amount in the Asia-Pacific region behind China.[16] Most of India's crude oil reserves are located in the western coast (Mumbai High) and in the northeastern parts of the country, although considerable undeveloped reserves are also located in the offshore Bay of Bengal and in the state of Rajasthan. The combination of rising oil consumption and fairly unwavering production levels leaves India highly dependent on imports to meet the consumption needs. In 2010, India produced an average of about 33.69 million metric tonne of crude oil as on April 2010[17] or 877 thousand barrels per day as per EIA estimate of 2009.[15] During 2006, India consumed an estimated 2.63 Mbbl/d (418,000 m3/d) of oil.[18] The EIA estimates that India registered oil demand growth of 100,000 bbl/d (16,000 m3/d) during 2006. As of 2013 India Produces 30% of India's resources mostly in Rajasthan.[18] India’s oil sector is dominated by state-owned enterprises, although the government has taken steps in past recent years to deregulate the hydrocarbons industry and support greater foreign involvement. India’s state-owned Oil and Natural Gas Corporation is the largest oil company. ONGC is the leading player in India’s upstream sector, accounting for roughly 75% of the country’s oil output during 2006, as per Indian government estimates.[16] As a net importer of all oil, the Indian Government has introduced policies aimed at growing domestic oil production and oil exploration activities. As part of the effort, the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas crafted the New Exploration License Policy (NELP) in 2000, which permits foreign companies to hold 100% equity possession in oil and natural gas projects.[16] However, to date, only a handful of oil fields are controlled by foreign firms. India’s downstream sector is also dominated by state-owned entities, though private companies have enlarged their market share in past recent years. Natural gas Oil and Gas processing platform at Bombay High As per the Ministry of petroleum, Government of India, India has 1,437 billion cubic metres (50.7×1012 cu ft) of confirmed natural gas reserves as of April 2010. A huge mass of India’s natural gas production comes from the western offshore regions, particularly the Mumbai High complex. The onshore fields in Assam, Andhra Pradesh, and Gujarat states are also major producers of natural gas. As per EIA data, India produced 996 billion cubic feet (2.82×1010 m3) of natural gas in 2004.[19] India imports small amounts of natural gas. In 2004, India consumed about 1,089×109 cu ft (3.08×1010 m3) of natural gas, the first year in which the country showed net natural gas imports. During 2004, India imported 93×109 cu ft (2.6×109 m3) of liquefied natural gas (LNG) from Qatar.[19] As in the oil sector, India’s state-owned companies account for the bulk of natural gas production. ONGC and Oil India Ltd. (OIL) are the leading companies with respect to production volume, while some foreign companies take part in upstream developments in joint-ventures and production sharing contracts. [Reliance Industries], a privately owned Indian company, will also have a bigger role in the natural gas sector as a result of a large natural gas find in 2002 in the Krishna Godavari basin.[19] The Gas Authority of India Ltd. (GAIL) holds an effective control on natural gas transmission and allocation activities. In December 2006, the Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas issued a new policy that allows foreign investors, private domestic companies, and Government oil companies to hold up to 100% equity stakes in pipeline projects. While GAIL’s domination in natural gas transmission and allocation is not ensured by statute, it will continue to be the leading player in the sector because of its existing natural gas infrastructure.[19] Abiotic resources Abiotic resources are obtained from the non-living and non-organic material. Some of the resources like Water and Air are Renewable. Other resources like Minerals are Non-renewable and exhaustible because they cannot be regenerated.[10] Minerals can be categorized as Metallic, Non-Metallic and Minor minerals. Metallic minerals Metallic minerals are the minerals which contain one or more metallic elements. They occur in rare, naturally formed concentrations known as mineral deposits. Metallic minerals available from India are Zinc, Iron ore, Manganese ore, Gold, Bauxite, Silver, Lead, Tin, Copper and Chromite.[20] Copper 1st Century B.C. Copper coin signifies usage of Copper in India since ancient times Copper has been used since ancient times. Details of Copper mining and metallurgy are available in ancient works like Arthashastra. Copper is mainly used in Industrial applications, Electrical/Electronic equipments and Consumer products such as utensils. Major resources of Copper are available at Rajasthan, Madhya pradesh and Jharkhand. As on 2010, India had 1.56 billion tonnes of Copper ore.[21] India is one of the 20 major Copper producers. In 2008, India produced 7,10,000 tonnes of copper.[22] Hindustan Copper Limited, a public sector company is the only producer of primary refined copper. Post-pillar method and Blast hole stoping method are used for Mining. Some of the domestic demand is met through scrap recycling. In India, Copper scrap is recycled through Direct melting, which is a hazardous process.[21] Zinc Zinc is a bluish-white, lustrous, diamagnetic metal. It is also a fair conductor of electricity. References to medicinal uses of zinc are present in the Charaka Samhita. Ancient Zinc smelting technique was found at a zinc production site in Zawar, Rajasthan. Zinc is recovered from a number of different zinc ores. The types of zinc ores include sulfide, carbonate, silicate and oxide.[23] It is used in corrosive resistant coating for Iron and Steel. Also used in Automotive, Electrical and Machinery industries. India is the World's fourth largest Zinc reserve as in 2013.[24] Hindustan Zinc Limited is the main producer of Zinc in India. Most of the resources are available in Rajasthan. Minor amount of resources are available in Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar and Maharashtra states.[23] Iron ore India is the World's third biggest exporter of Iron ore as in 2013.[5] As on 2010, India had 27 billion tonnes or resource (including Hematite and Magnetite). Major amount of Hematite is found in Orissa, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Karnataka and Goa. Minor amount of Hematite is found in Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Meghalaya, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh. Major amount of Magnetite is found in Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Rajasthan and Tamil Nadu. Minor amount of Magnetite is found in Assam, Bihar, Goa, Jharkhand, Kerala, Maharashtra, Meghalaya and Nagaland. Mining is done by opencast method. Iron ore is mainly used for manufacturing of Pig iron, Sponge iron and Steel. It is also used in coal washeries, cement and glass industries.[25] The public sector companies like National Mineral Development Corporation and Steel Authority of India contribute to 25% of the total production. Private companies including Tata Steel provides major contribution.[26] Chromite It is an oxide of Chromium and Iron. It is the only commercial source of Chromium. As on 2010, India had 200 million tonnes of resource. Major amount of resources are available from Orissa (Cuttack and Jajpur districts). Minor amount of resources are available from Manipur, Nagaland, Karnataka, Jharkhand, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh.[27] In 2009-2010, India produced 3.41 million tonnes and ranked second in world production.[28] It is mostly mined by opencast method. Chromium provides additional strength to the alloys and it is resistant to corrosion. So it is mainly used in Metallurgical applications. It can withstand sudden temperature changes makes it use in Refractories. It is also used in Chemical applications.[27] Non-metallic minerals Non-metallic minerals are those which do not yield new products on melting. They are generally associated with sedimentary rocks. Non-Metallic minerals available from India are Phosphorite, Dolomite, Gypsum, Garnet, Wollastonite, Vermiculite, Ochre, Perlite, Bentonite, Asbestos, Cadmium, Felspar, Soapstone, Kaolin, Sillimanite, Limestone, Diatomite, Pyrophyllite, Fluorite, Vanadium, Dunite, Ilmenite, Gallium and Zircon[29] Almandine (Garnet group) from Rajasthan Garnet group It is a group of complex silicate minerals and has similar chemical compositions. There are three groups of garnet - Aluminum-garnet group, Chromium-garnet group, and Iron-garnet group. The minerals in Aluminium-garnet group are Almandine, Grossularite, Pyrope, and Spessartine. The mineral in Iron-garnet group is Andradite. The mineral in Chromium-garnet group is Uvarovite. Garnet group minerals occur in different rock types.[30] It is a hard substance. It is resistant to chemical exposure. Used as an Semi-precious stone and also in Abrasives, Sand blasting, Water filtration materials and Water jet cutting. Garnets are available in Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Kerala, Orissa, Rajasthan and Tamil Nadu. It is also found in beach sands of Kerala, Orissa and Tamil Nadu states.[31] In 2007-08, India produced 8,73,000 tonnes.[32] Wollastonite It is a meta-silicate of Calcium. It is mostly white in color and occurs as bladed or needle like crystals. As on 2010, India had 16 million tonnes of resource. Most of the deposits are available in Rajasthan (Dungarpur, Pali, Sirohi and Udaipur districts). Minor amount of deposits are found in Gujarat and Tamil Nadu.[33] It is mainly used in Ceramic industries and Metallurgical applications. It is also used as a filler in Wall tiles, Paint, Rubber and Plastic. India is one of the largest reserves. In 2010, India produced 1,45,000 tons.[34] It is mined by opencast method. It is also used as a substitute for short-fibre asbestos in brake-linings. Central Building Research Institute has found that Wollastonite can be used as substitute for chrysotile asbestos in cement products.[33] Sillimanite group Sillimanite from Orissa It is a group of metamorphic minerals - Sillimanite, Kyanite and Andalusite. These are polymorphs of Alumino-Silicate. These are formed under high-pressure and high-temperature conditions. The three minerals are calcined to form Mullite. Mainly used as refractory materials.[35] As on 2010, India had 66 million tonnes of Sillimanite, 100 million tonnes of Kyanite and 18 million tonnes of Andalusite as resource. Most of the resources are found in Tamil Nadu, Orissa, Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala and Assam. Minor amount of resources are found in Jharkhand, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Rajasthan and West Bengal. Granular Sillimanite is available in beach sands of South India. Sillimanite refractory bricks are used in Steel, Glass and Petrochemical industries.[36] In 2004, India produced 14,500 tonnes of Sillimanite and 6200 tonnes of Kyanite.[35] Ilmenite It is a compound of Iron and Titanium. It will be iron-black or Steel-gray in color. It is non-toxic material and used in biomedical substances. Institute of Minerals and Materials Technology has developed an Environment friendly technology for processing Ilmenite.[37] It is also used in production of Titanium dioxide pigment. It is available in Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Orissa. Mining is done at locations Chavara, Chatrapur, Aluva and Manavalakurichi by Indian Rare Earths limited.[38] As on 2013, India has 21% of the world's reserves and constitutes 6% of the world's production.[39] Pyrophyllite It is a hydrous Alumino-silicate. It is chemically inert, has high melting point and low electrical conductivity. It is used in Refractories, Foundry dressings, Pesticides, Ceramics and Rubber. It is available as Hydrothermal deposits.[40] Physical and Optical properties of Pyrophyllite is similar to Talc. It is also used in Electrical insulators, Sanitary-ware and in Glass industry. As on 2010, India had 56 million tonnes of resource. Most of the resources are found in Madhya pradesh (Chhatarpur, Tikamgarh and Shivpuri districts). Remaining resources are found in Orissa, Uttar pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra and Rajasthan. In 2010, India produced 1.5 million tonnes.[41] Minor minerals Quartzite rocks in North Coastal Andhra Pradesh White marble rocks in Madhya Pradesh Minor minerals available are Building stone, Brick earth, Quartzite, Marble, Granite, Gravel, Clay and Sand. These are mainly used in Building constructions.[20] Impact of mining these minerals was significant over a period of time even the area was small. Impacts were Increasing water scarcity, Damage to River beds and adverse effects on bio-diversity. So from 2012 onwards, mining of these minerals are to be done after clearance from Ministry of Environment and Forests (India). [42] Marble Marble is a metamorphosed limestone formed by re-crystallization. It is available in different colours and textures. Marble deposits are available in many states of India.[43] It has been used in India for a long time. It was used in construction of Temples, Tombs and Palaces. Now it is also used for flooring in homes and offices. It is preferred for flooring because of its durability and water resistance.[44] Marbles which are economically important are available in Rajasthan, Gujarat, Haryana, Andhra Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh. As on 2010, there was 1931 million tonnes of resource, including all grades of marble. Based on the chemical composition, types of Marble available are Calcite, Dolomitic, Siliceous Limestone, Serpentine and Travertine marbles. Other than construction, it is used in Paint and Agricultural lime.[43] Nuclear India's proven Nuclear reserves include Uranium, Thorium and Plutonium. Uranium In Nalgonda District, the Rajiv Gandhi Tiger Reserve (the only tiger project in Andhra Pradesh) has been forced to surrender over 3,000 sq. kilometres to uranium mining, following a directive from the Central Ministry of Environment and Forests.[45] In 2007, India was able to extract 229 tonnes of U3O8 from its soil.[46] On 19 July 2011, Indian officials announced that the Tumalapalli mine in Andhra Pradesh state of India could provide more than 170,000 tonnes of uranium, making it as the world's largest uranium mine. Production of the ore is slated to begin in 2012.[47] The Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) recently discovered that the upcoming mine in Tumalapalli has close to 49,000 tonne of uranium reserves. This could just be a shot in the arm for India's nuclear power aspirations as it is three times the original estimate of the area's deposits.[48] Thorium The IAEA's 2005 report estimates India's reasonably assured reserves of thorium at 319,000 tonnes, but mentions recent reports of India's reserves at 650,000 tonnes.[49] A government of India estimate, shared in the co

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