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Results for umbilical cord translation from English to Somali

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English

umbilical cord

Somali

xundhurta

Last Update: 2016-05-11
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:

Reference: Anonymous

English

spinal cord

Somali

Laf dhabar

Last Update: 2016-03-31
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:

Reference: Anonymous

English

On her neck shall be a cord of twisted fibre.

Somali

Luqunteedana waxaa la yeeli Xadhig Liif ah.

Last Update: 2014-07-03
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:

Reference: Anonymous

English

Acknowledgment ................................................................................................................... i Table of Contents .................................................................................................................. ii Chapter One: Shock ............................................................................................................. 1 Introduction ................................................................................................. 1 Classification .............................................................................................. 1 Patho Physiology of Shock ......................................................................... 2 Management of Shock ................................................................................ 3 Complications of Shock .............................................................................. 4 Chapter Two: Fluid and Electolytes ..................................................................................... 5 Introduction ................................................................................................. 5 Normal Distribution of Body Fluids .............................................................. 5 Disturbances of Fluid and Electrolytes ........................................................ 7 Acid – Base Balance ................................................................................... 12 Review Questions ....................................................................................... 15 References .................................................................................................. 16 Chapter Three: Blood Transfusion ....................................................................................... 17 Indications for Blood Transfusion ............................................................... 17 Compatibility Tests ...................................................................................... 17 Component Therapy ................................................................................... 18 Review Questions ....................................................................................... 21 References .................................................................................................. 22 Chapter Four: Pre-Operative and Post-Operative Care ...................................................... 23 Introduction ................................................................................................. 23 General Consideration ............................................................................... 23 Assessment and Minimization of Surgical Risks ........................................ 24 Post-Operative Care, Complications and Their Treatment ......................... 26 Post Operative Intestinal Obstruction ......................................................... 31 Hematoma, Abscess and Seromas ............................................................ 33 Review Questions ....................................................................................... 34 References .................................................................................................. 35 Chapter Five: Aseptic and Antisepic Techniques ................................................................ 36 Introduction ................................................................................................. 36 Choice of Antiseptic ................................................................................... 37 Review Questions ....................................................................................... 41 References .................................................................................................. 42 Chapter Six: Suture Materials and Suturing ......................................................................... 43 Types of Suture Materials ........................................................................... 43 Suturing Techniques ................................................................................... 44 iii Chapter Seven: Wounds- Wound Healing and Care ........................................................... 47 Introduction ................................................................................................. 47 Wound Healing ............................................................................................ 47 Wound Assessment and Classification ....................................................... 49 Wound Management ................................................................................... 50 Crush and Avulsion Wounds ....................................................................... 53 Wound Complications ................................................................................. 55 Review Questions ....................................................................................... 57 Key To the Review Questions ..................................................................... 59 References .................................................................................................. 60 Chapter Eight: Surgical Infections ........................................................................................ 61 Introduction ................................................................................................. 61 Classification .............................................................................................. 62 Pathogenesis .............................................................................................. 62 Specific Types of Infections ........................................................................ 64 Review Questions ....................................................................................... 73 Key To the Review Questions ..................................................................... 75 References .................................................................................................. 76 Chapter Nine: Trauma .......................................................................................................... 77 Introduction ................................................................................................. 77 Treatment Priorities ..................................................................................... 78 Road Traffic Accidents ................................................................................ 79 Firearm Injuries ........................................................................................... 80 BURN INJURIES ......................................................................................... 81 Review Questions ....................................................................................... 84 References .................................................................................................. 85 Head and Spinal Injuries ............................................................................ 86 Head Injury .................................................................................................. 86 Brain Injuries ............................................................................................... 87 Spinal Cord Injuries ..................................................................................... 90 Review Questions ....................................................................................... 92 References .................................................................................................. 93 Chapter Ten: Orthopedic Surgery ........................................................................................ 94 Introduction ................................................................................................. 94 Infections of Bones and Joints .................................................................... 94 Fractures ..................................................................................................... 97 Dislocations ................................................................................................. 102 Amputations ................................................................................................ 103 Review Questions ....................................................................................... 105 References .................................................................................................. 106 Chapter Eleven: Anesthesia................................................................................................. 107 Pre-Anesthetic Patient Evaluation and Preparation .................................... 107 iv Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation .................................................................. 111 Systemic (General) Anesthesia .................................................................. 115 Regional Anesthesia ................................................................................... 118 Review Questions ....................................................................................... 124 References .................................................................................................. 125 SYSTEMIC SURGERY Chapter One: The Thyroid Gland ......................................................................................... 126 Thyroid Enlargement: Goiter ....................................................................... 126 Neoplasms of the Thyroid ........................................................................... 130 Review Questions ....................................................................................... 132 References .................................................................................................. 133 Chapter Two: The Breast ..................................................................................................... 134 Introduction ................................................................................................. 134 Anatomy ..................................................................................................... 134 Breast Lumps .............................................................................................. 135 Carcinoma of the Breast ............................................................................. 137 Review Questions ....................................................................................... 140 References .................................................................................................. 141 Chapter Three: The Chest ................................................................................................... 142 Introduction ................................................................................................. 142 Upper Airway Obstruction ........................................................................... 142 Tracheostomy ............................................................................................. 143 Chest Injuries .............................................................................................. 146 Pneumothorax ............................................................................................. 149 Hemothorax ................................................................................................. 149 Tube Thoracostomy (Chest Tube) .............................................................. 150 Empyema and Lung Abscess ..................................................................... 152 Lung Abscess .............................................................................................. 154 Review Questions ....................................................................................... 156 References .................................................................................................. 157 Chapter Four: Gastrointestinal Tract .................................................................................... 158 Introduction ................................................................................................. 158 Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding ................................................................. 159 Colorectal Tumors ....................................................................................... 164 Common Perianal Conditions ..................................................................... 166 Anal Fissure (Fissure in ANO) .................................................................... 170 Hemorrhoids (Piles) .................................................................................... 171 References .................................................................................................. 175 Acute Abdomen ........................................................................................... 176 Intestinal Obstruction .................................................................................. 177 Sigmoid Volvulus ......................................................................................... 179 v Appendicitis ................................................................................................. 180 Peritonitis .................................................................................................... 183 Hepato Biliary Diseases .............................................................................. 185 Hydatid Cyst of the Liver ............................................................................. 187 Diseases of Gall Bladder and Biliary Tree .................................................. 189 Obstructive Jaundice................................................................................... 193 Review Questions ....................................................................................... 197 Abdominal Wall Hernias ............................................................................. 198 Introduction ................................................................................................. 198 Risk Factors for Abdominal Wall Hernia Development ............................... 199 Specific Types of Hernia ............................................................................. 200 Review Questions ....................................................................................... 204 References .................................................................................................. 205 Stomach and Duodenum ............................................................................ 206 Introduction ................................................................................................. 206 Peptic Ulcer Disease ................................................................................... 206 Gastric Cancer ............................................................................................ 211 Review Questions ....................................................................................... 213 DYSPHAGIA ............................................................................................. 214 Introduction ................................................................................................. 214 Dysphagia ................................................................................................... 214 Carcinoma of the Esophagus...................................................................... 215 Review Questions ....................................................................................... 218 References .................................................................................................. 219 Chapter Five: Urology .......................................................................................................... 220 Introduction ................................................................................................. 220 Urinary Symptoms and Investigations of Urinary Tract Problems .............. 220 Acute Renal Failure (Anuria/Oliguria) ......................................................... 222 Disorder of the Kidneys and Ureters ........................................................... 223 Urinary Tract Infection ................................................................................. 224 Renal Tuberculosis ..................................................................................... 226 Urinary Bladder ........................................................................................... 230 Bladder Cancer ........................................................................................... 231 Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia ...................................................................... 231 The Urethra and Penis ................................................................................ 233 Urethral Stricture ......................................................................................... 234 Review Questions ....................................................................................... 238 References .................................................................................................. 239 1 CHAPTER ONE SHOCK Learning Objectives At the end of this chapter, each student should be able to: • State the clinical definition of shock • List the chief characteristics and causes of all types of shock • Describe the clinical symptoms and signs that are indicative of shock • List the immediate treatment measures to prevent complications Introduction Shock is a life-threatening condition which occurs when the circulatory system fails to deliver oxygen and nutrients to the body tissues and becomes unable to remove waste products from the body. It is a descriptive term based on the symptoms and signs secondary to one or more of a wide range of problems. If not recognized and corrected as early as possible, shock may rapidly progress to an irreversible state with subsequent multi-organ failure and death. DEFINITION Shock is defined as a pathological state causing inadequate oxygen delivery to the peripheral tissues and resulting in lactic acidosis, cellular hypoxia and disruption of normal metabolic condition. CLASSIFICATION Shock is generally classified into three major categories: 1. Hypovolemic shock 2. Cardiogenic shock 3. Distributive shock Distributive shock is further subdivided into three subgroups: a. Septic shock b. Neurogenic shock c. Anaphylactic shock Hypovolemic shock is present when marked reduction in oxygen delivery results from diminished cardiac output secondary to inadequate vascular volume. In general, it results from loss of fluid from circulation, either directly or indirectly. 2 e.g. ▪ Hemorrhage 􀂃 Loss of plasma due to burns 􀂃 Loss of water and electrolytes in diarrhea 􀂃 Third space loss (Internal fluid shift into inflammatory exudates in the peritoneum, such as in pancreatitis.) Cardiogenic shock is present when there is severe reduction in oxygen delivery secondary to impaired cardiac function. Usually it is due to myocardial infarction or pericardial tamponade. Septic Shock (vasogenic shock) develops as a result of the systemic effect of infection. It is the result of a septicemia with endotoxin and exotoxin release by gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria. Despite normal or increased cardiac output and oxygen delivery, cellular oxygen consumption is less than normal due to impaired extraction as a result of impaired metabolism. Neurogenic shock results primarily from the disruption of the sympathetic nervous system which may be due to pain or loss of sympathetic tone, as in spinal cord injuries. PATHO PHYSIOLOGY OF SHOCK Shock stimulates a physiologic response. This circulatory response to hypotension is to cons

Somali

download mymemory free Ingiriisi in somali

Last Update: 2016-01-17
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:

Reference: Anonymous

English

And hold ye fast, all of you, to the cord of Allah, so and separate not. And remember Allah's favour unto you in that ye were enemies and He joined your hearts together, so ye became by His favour brethren; and ye were on the brink of an abyss of the Fire and He rescued you therefrom. In this wise Allah expoundeth unto you His revelations that haply ye may remain guided.

Somali

Qabsada Xadhigga Eebe (Islaamka) dhamaantiin hana kala tagina, xusana Nicmada Eebe ee korkiinna ah, markaad Col ahaydeen oos isu Dumay Quluubtiinna ood Noqoteen Niemada Eebe darteed Walaalo, idinkoo ahaa Qar God Naar ah, oos idinka koriyey Xaggeeda, saasuu idiinku Cadayn Eebe Aayaadkiisii si aad u Hanuuntaan.

Last Update: 2014-07-03
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:

Reference: Anonymous

English

He said, “Rather, you may throw”; thereupon their cords and their staves, by the strength of their magic, appeared to him as if they were (serpents) moving fast.

Somali

wuxuu yidhi (Muuse) bal Tuura waxaana soo baxay xadhkahoodii iyo Ulahoodii oo loogu ekeysiiyey sixirkoodii inay ordi.

Last Update: 2014-07-03
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:

Reference: Anonymous

English

He said: Nay! cast down. then lo! their cords and their rods-- it was imaged to him on account of their magic as if they were running.

Somali

wuxuu yidhi (Muuse) bal Tuura waxaana soo baxay xadhkahoodii iyo Ulahoodii oo loogu ekeysiiyey sixirkoodii inay ordi.

Last Update: 2014-07-03
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:

Reference: Anonymous

English

He said: Nay, do ye throw! Then lo! their cords and their staves, by their magic, appeared to him as though they ran.

Somali

wuxuu yidhi (Muuse) bal Tuura waxaana soo baxay xadhkahoodii iyo Ulahoodii oo loogu ekeysiiyey sixirkoodii inay ordi.

Last Update: 2014-07-03
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:

Reference: Anonymous

English

He said: nay, cast ye down. And lo! their cords and their staves were made to appear to him by their magic as though they were running.

Somali

wuxuu yidhi (Muuse) bal Tuura waxaana soo baxay xadhkahoodii iyo Ulahoodii oo loogu ekeysiiyey sixirkoodii inay ordi.

Last Update: 2014-07-03
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:

Reference: Anonymous

English

Hold fast to the cord of God and let nothing divide you. Remember the blessings He has bestowed upon you; you were enemies and then He united your hearts and by His grace you became brothers; you were on the brink of an abyss of Fire and He rescued you from it. Thus God makes His signs clear to you, so that you may find guidance.

Somali

Qabsada Xadhigga Eebe (Islaamka) dhamaantiin hana kala tagina, xusana Nicmada Eebe ee korkiinna ah, markaad Col ahaydeen oos isu Dumay Quluubtiinna ood Noqoteen Niemada Eebe darteed Walaalo, idinkoo ahaa Qar God Naar ah, oos idinka koriyey Xaggeeda, saasuu idiinku Cadayn Eebe Aayaadkiisii si aad u Hanuuntaan.

Last Update: 2014-07-03
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:

Reference: Anonymous

English

Hold fast, all together, to Allah’s cord, and do not be divided [into sects]. Remember Allah’s blessing upon you when you were enemies, then He brought your hearts together, so you became brothers with His blessing. And you were on the brink of a pit of Fire, whereat He saved you from it. Thus does Allah clarify His signs for you so that you may be guided.

Somali

Qabsada Xadhigga Eebe (Islaamka) dhamaantiin hana kala tagina, xusana Nicmada Eebe ee korkiinna ah, markaad Col ahaydeen oos isu Dumay Quluubtiinna ood Noqoteen Niemada Eebe darteed Walaalo, idinkoo ahaa Qar God Naar ah, oos idinka koriyey Xaggeeda, saasuu idiinku Cadayn Eebe Aayaadkiisii si aad u Hanuuntaan.

Last Update: 2014-07-03
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:

Reference: Anonymous

English

Moses said: "No. You cast it first" Then it seemed to Moses that by their magic their cords and rods were flying;

Somali

wuxuu yidhi (Muuse) bal Tuura waxaana soo baxay xadhkahoodii iyo Ulahoodii oo loogu ekeysiiyey sixirkoodii inay ordi.

Last Update: 2014-07-03
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:

Reference: Anonymous
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English

Or is theirs the kingdom of the heavens and earth and of what between them is? Why, then let them ascend the cords!

Somali

Mise waxaa u sugnaaday xukunka Samooyinka iyo dhulka iyo waxa u dhaxeeya, ha uu koreen sallaanno xagga (samada).

Last Update: 2014-07-03
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:

Reference: Anonymous

English

Pharaoh said, 'Haman, build for me a tower, that haply so I may reach the cords,

Somali

Wuxuu yidhi fircoon Haamaanoow ii dhis Daar (sare) si aan ugu gaadho wadooyinka.

Last Update: 2014-07-03
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:

Reference: Anonymous

English

So they cast down their cords and their rods and said: By Firon's power, we shall most surely be victorious.

Somali

Waxayna Tuureen Xadhkahoodii iyo Ulahoodii waxayna Dheheen Sharafta Fircoon yaan ku dhaarannaye Anagaa adkaan.

Last Update: 2014-07-03
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:

Reference: Anonymous

English

Then they cast their cords and their staves, and said: by the might of Fir'awn, verily we! we shall be the winners.

Somali

Waxayna Tuureen Xadhkahoodii iyo Ulahoodii waxayna Dheheen Sharafta Fircoon yaan ku dhaarannaye Anagaa adkaan.

Last Update: 2014-07-03
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:

Reference: Anonymous

English

Then they threw down their cords and their staves and said: By Pharaoh's might, lo! we verily are the winners.

Somali

Waxayna Tuureen Xadhkahoodii iyo Ulahoodii waxayna Dheheen Sharafta Fircoon yaan ku dhaarannaye Anagaa adkaan.

Last Update: 2014-07-03
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:

Reference: Anonymous

English

When those who were followed shall quit themselves of those who followed, and they all shall behold the torment, and sundered between them shall be the Cords.

Somali

markay iska bariyeelaan juwii la raacay kuwii raacay, oy arkeen Cadaabka kalana go day xidhiidhkoodii.

Last Update: 2014-07-03
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:

Reference: Anonymous

English

Whosoever hath been imagining that Allah shall not make him victorious in the world and the Hereafter, let him stretch a cord up to the heaven and let him cut it, and let him look if his stratagem can do away that whereat he enrageth.

Somali

Ciddii u Malayn Inuusan u Gargaarayn Eebe Nabigiisa Adduun iyo Aakhiraba ha u Fidiyo Xadhig Xagga Samada hana isku Gooyo (Marjiyo) hana dayo inay Dhagartiisu Tegiiso waxa Cadho Galin.

Last Update: 2014-07-03
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:

Reference: Anonymous

English

the cords of the heavens, and look upon Moses' God; for I think that he is a liar.' So the evil of his deeds was decked out fair to Pharaoh, and he was barred from the way, and Pharaoh's guile came only to ruin.

Somali

Wadooyinka Samooyinka markaas aandaalacdo Ilaaha Muuse anigu waxaan u malayn beenaalee, saasaana loogu qurxiyay fircoon camalkiisa xun loogana leexiyay jidka, dhagarta fircoonna, ma aha waxaan khasaare ahayn.

Last Update: 2014-07-03
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:

Reference: Anonymous

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