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English

Which one of the two options

Tagalog

Which one of the two options

Last Update: 2020-06-26
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English

one of the important things that happened in the last sufferer is that the establishment of two sacraments of Jesus is the only reason for spreading the word of the gods to the unknown by the lord and the other is marriage because for the sake of having a wife and the most important thing is that Christians will remember what Jesus did for us

Tagalog

isa sa mahalaga sa nangyari sa last suffer ay ang pagtatag ng dalawang sakramento ni hesus ay ang pag papari dahil para mapalaganap pa ang salitang ng diyos sa hindi pa kilala si lord at ang isa pa ay kasal dahil para magkaroon ng bisa ang pag mamahalan ng mag asawa at ang pinakaimpotante ay ang issaalaala ng mga kristiano ang ginawang sakripiyo ni hesus para sa atin

Last Update: 2018-09-08
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I chose him because I also love to listen to music and one of his works I like just like the songs "Love Songs". This is one of the passions when listening to music, Because this song he wrote for to people who love each other

Tagalog

Napili siya ko dahil mahilig din kasi ako makinig ng musika at isa sa mga works niya ang gusto ko katulad na lamang ng mga kantang mga "Love Songs".Isa ito sa mga hilig kung pakinggan na musika,Kasi ang kantang ito ay isinulat niya para sa mga taong nagmamahalan

Last Update: 2020-09-25
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In case it should have been stipulated that none of the managing partners shall act without the consent of the others, the concurrence of all shall be necessary for the validity of the acts, and the absence or disability of any one of them cannot be alleged, unless there is imminent danger of grave or irreparable injury to the partnership.

Tagalog

Sa kasong ito ay dapat nakatakda na wala sa mga pamamahala ng mga kasosyo ay dapat kumilos nang walang pahintulot ng iba, pagsang-ayon ng lahat ay magiging kinakailangan para sa katumpakan ng mga kilos, at ang kawalan o disabilidad ng anumang isa sa mga ito ay hindi maaaring di-umano'y, maliban kung may paparating na peligro ng libingan o hindi malulunasan ang pinsala sa partnership.

Last Update: 2016-11-16
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English

Portugal's share, while in fact it is smaller. Then, we can calculate the percentage difference between both shares, to check if it matches any of the other options. You can use the traditional method, subtracting and dividing by the lower value: (4.55 - 3. 69) / 3.69 = 0.233 => 23.3% Or also the more direct method that we explained and practised in our first book, simply dividing both values and this way getting the result in reference to the unit: 4.55 / 3.69 = 1.233 => 23.3% In any case, you can see that this difference between the two countries' shares, 23.3%, in favour of Portugal's share, is much more than 1%, as it would require the answer option b), therefore having to rule this one out too. Finally, we can check that the difference in percentage points is: 4.55% - 3.69% = 0.86%, this means, less than 1 percentage point greater for Portugal than for Spain, so the right answer here is option d). Myadvice The main issue in this exercise is to read well the question to decide which data are relevant and which ones we should skip or black out: 10 out of 12 items from our table (!). We have only used two figures and the total amount provided in the statement. 42

Tagalog

You can speed up your calculations, as we have seen, by applying our more direct method to compare two figures, in reference to the unit, just with one division, instead of doing two operations (subtraction and division). It is also essential to master the difference between percentages and percentage points, so I recommend rereading our previous book in case you feel that you need to practise a little more on this matter. 43

Last Update: 2021-03-24
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Portugal's share, while in fact it is smaller. Then, we can calculate the percentage difference between both shares, to check if it matches any of the other options. You can use the traditional method, subtracting and dividing by the lower value: (4.55 - 3. 69) / 3.69 = 0.233 => 23.3% Or also the more direct method that we explained and practised in our first book, simply dividing both values and this way getting the result in reference to the unit: 4.55 / 3.69 = 1.233 => 23.3% In any case, you can see that this difference between the two countries' shares, 23.3%, in favour of Portugal's share, is much more than 1%, as it would require the answer option b), therefore having to rule this one out too. Finally, we can check that the difference in percentage points is: 4.55% - 3.69% = 0.86%, this means, less than 1 percentage point greater for Portugal than for Spain, so the right answer here is option d). Myadvice The main issue in this exercise is to read well the question to decide which data are relevant and which ones we should skip or black out: 10 out of 12 items from our table (!). We have only used two figures and the total amount provided in the statement. 42

Tagalog

Last Update: 2021-03-24
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English

So we can easily clear the unknown X in the usual way, through crossed multiplication: 265 * X = 5 300 000 * 1 X = 5 300 000 / 265 = 20 000 hospital beds in Finland For Germany, we follow the same procedure, using its data from the table: if 101 inhabitants have 1 hospital bed, then 82.2 million inhabitants will have X hospital beds. 101 82 200 000 101* X = 82 200 000 * 1 X = 82 200 000 / 101 = 813 861 hospital beds in Germany Finally, we can compare this amount with the value for Finland to answer the question 'how many times more hospital beds were there in Germany than in Finland'. As we already know, to obtain the relation or ratio between two values, we use the division. In this case: 813 861 / 20 000 Of course you could use the calculator again and get the exact result (40.69) that is very close to only one of the answer options, being this, therefore, the right one: a) 40 times. But, before doing that, you could also have a look at the other options, which are really far apart, so it would be faster here to use approximate values: 813 861 is close to 800 000, and 20 000 is already a "round" value. 35

Tagalog

Therefore, we can black out the two rows and one column containing the data that we do not need, in the following way: Data on hospitals in various EU countries, 2002 Country Number of Total population inhabitants per one hospital bed (million persons) Finland 265 5.3 Germany 101 82.2 Note that, as we explained in our previous book, it is frequent that EPSO numerical tests provide you with more information than you really need (obviously a pitfall), to check if you are able to select the right data. So applying this technique will be very useful to you to avoid potential mistakes with the data collected. Now, we should calculate the number of hospital beds in Germany and in Finland, to be able to compare both values. For Finland, we see that there are 265 inhabitants per 1 hospital bed. How many hospital beds will there be for the whole population (of 5.3 million)? As you will have guessed (after practising a lot with our first book!), we simply have to use the rule of three here: if 265 inhabitants have 1 hospital bed, then 5.3 million inhabitants will have X hospital beds. 265 5 300 000 X 34

Last Update: 2021-03-24
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English

Inside, The Tower was a long dark room with a counter at one end and tables at the other and dancing space in the middle. They all sat down at a board table next to the nickelodeon and Red Sam’s wife, a tall burnt-brown woman with hair and eyes lighter than her skin, came and took their order. The children’s mother put a dime in the machine and played “The Tennessee Waltz,” and the grandmother said that tune always made her want to dance. She asked Bailey if he would like to dance but he only glared at her. He didn’t have a naturally sunny disposition like she did and trips made him nervous. The grandmother’s brown eyes were very bright. She swayed her head from side to side and pretended she was dancing in her chair. June Star said play something she could tap to so the children’s mother put in another dime and played a fast number and June Star stepped out onto the dance floor and did her tap routine. “Ain’t she cute?” Red Sam’s wife said, leaning over the counter. “Would you like to come be my little girl?” “No I certainly wouldn’t,” June Star said. “I wouldn’t live in a broken-down place like this for a minion bucks!” and she ran back to the table. “Ain’t she cute?” the woman repeated, stretching her mouth politely. “Arn’t you ashamed?” hissed the grandmother. Red Sam came in and told his wife to quit lounging on the counter and hurry up with these people’s order. His khaki trousers reached just to his hip bones and his stomach hung over them like a sack of meal swaying under his shirt. He came over and sat down at a table nearby and let out a combination sigh and yodel. “You can’t win,” he said. “You can’t win,” and he wiped his sweating red face off with a gray handkerchief. “These days you don’t know who to trust,” he said. “Ain’t that the truth?” “People are certainly not nice like they used to be,” said the grandmother. “Two fellers come in here last week,” Red Sammy said, “driving a Chrysler. It was a old beat-up car but it was a good one and these boys looked all right to me. Said they worked at the mill and you know I let them fellers charge the gas they bought? Now why did I do that?” “Because you’re a good man!” the grandmother said at once. “Yes’m, I suppose so,” Red Sam said as if he were struck with this answer. His wife brought the orders, carrying the five plates all at once without a tray, two in each hand and one balanced on her arm. “It isn’t a soul in this green world of God’s that you can trust,” she said. “And I don’t count nobody out of that, not nobody,” she repeated, looking at Red Sammy. “Did you read about that criminal, The Misfit, that’s escaped?” asked the grandmother. “I wouldn’t be a bit surprised if he didn’t attact this place right here,” said the woman. “If he hears about it being here, I wouldn’t be none surprised to see him. If he hears it’s two cent in the cash register, I wouldn’t be a tall surprised if he . . .” “That’ll do,” Red Sam said. “Go bring these people their Co’-Colas,” and the woman went off to get the rest of the order.

Tagalog

Last Update: 2021-03-18
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Muhammad Dipatuan Kudarat (1581–1671) was the 7th Sultan of Maguindanao from 1619 to 1671. During his reign, he successfully fought off Spanish invasions and hindered the spread of Roman Catholicism in the island of Mindanao much like the other Muslim rulers of the southern Philippine archipelago. /i b Si Muhammad Dipatuan Kudarat (1581–1671) ay ang ika 7 Sultan ng Maguindanao mula 1619 hanggang 1671. Sa panahon ng kanyang paghahari, matagumpay niyang nilabanan ang mga pagsalakay ng Espany

Tagalog

Muhammad Dipatuan Kudarat (1581–1671) was the 7th Sultan of Maguindanao from 1619 to 1671. During his reign, he successfully fought off Spanish invasions and hindered the spread of Roman Catholicism in the island of Mindanao much like the other Muslim rulers of the southern Philippine archipelago. Si Muhammad Dipatuan Kudarat (1581–1671) ay ang ika-7 Sultan ng Maguindanao mula 1619 hanggang 1671. Sa panahon ng kanyang paghahari, matagumpay niyang nilabanan ang mga pagsalakay ng Espanya at hadlangan ang pagkalat ng Roman Catholicism sa isla ng Mindanao katulad ng ibang mga namumuno ng Muslim sa timog. Kapuluan ng pilipinas. He was a direct descendant of Shariff Kabungsuwan, a Malay-Arab Johor noble who brought Islam to Mindanao between the 13th and 14th century.[1] Siya ay isang direktang inapo ni Shariff Kabungsuwan, isang marangal na Malay-Arab Johor na nagdala ng Islam sa Mindanao sa pagitan ng ika-13 at ika-14 na siglo. [1] The Soccsksargen province of Sultan Kudarat is named after him, together with the Municipality of Sultan Kudarat, Maguindanao, where his descendants of Datus and rulers are still the current political leaders. Ang lalawigan ng Soccsksargen ng Sultan Kudarat ay ipinangalan sa kanya, kasama ang Munisipalidad ng Sultan Kudarat, Maguindanao, kung saan ang kanyang mga inapo ni Datus at mga pinuno ay kasalukuyang mga pinuno ng politika.

Last Update: 2021-03-18
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English

alice in wonderland tagalog veOnce upon a time . . . there lived a woman who had no children. She dreamed of having a little girl, but time went by, and her dream never came true. She then went to visit a witch, who gave her a magic grain of barley. She planted it in a flower pot. And the very next day, the grain had turned into a lovely flower, rather like a tulip. The woman softly kissed its half-shut petals. And as though by magic, the flower opened in full blossom. Inside sat a tiny girl, no bigger than a thumb. The woman called her Thumbelina. For a bed she had a walnut shell, violet petals for her mattress and a rose petal blanket. In the daytime, she played in a tulip petal boat, floating on a plate of water. Using two horse hairs as oars, Thumbelina sailed around her little lake, singing and singing in a gentle sweet voice. Then one night, as she lay fast asleep in her walnut shell, a large frog hopped through a hole in the window pane. As she gazed down at Thumbelina, she said to herself: "How pretty she is! She'd make the perfect bride for my own dear son!" She picked up Thumbelina, walnut shell and all, and hopped into the garden. Nobody saw her go.Back at the pond, her fat ugly son, who always did as mother told him, was pleased with her choice. But mother frog was afraid that her pretty prisoner might run away. So she carried Thumbellna out to a water lily leaf ln the middle of the pond. "She can never escape us now," said the frog to her son. "And we have plenty of time to prepare a new home for you and your bride." Thumbelina was left all alone. She felt so desperate. She knew she would never be able to escape the fate that awaited her with the two horrid fat frogs. All she could do was cry her eyes out. However, one or two minnows who had been enjoying the shade below the water lily leaf, had overheard the two frogs talking, and the little girl's bitter sobs. They decided to do something about it. So they nibbled away at the lily stem till it broke and drifted away in the weak current. A dancing butterfly had an idea: "Throw me the end of your belt! I'll help you to move a little faster!" Thumbelina gratefully did so, and the leaf soon floated away from the frog pond. But other dangers lay ahead. A large beetle snatched Thumbelina with his strong feet and took her away to his home at the top of a leafy tree. "Isn't she pretty?" he said to his friends. But they pointed out that she was far too different. So the beetle took her down the tree and set her free. It was summertime, and Thumbelina wandered all by herself amongst the flowers and through the long grass. She had pollen for her meals and drank the dew. Then the rainy season came, bringing nastyweather. The poor child found it hard to find food and shelter. When winter set in, she suffered from the cold and felt terrible pangs of hunger. One day, as Thumbelina roamed helplessly over the bare meadows, she met a large spider who promised to help her. He took her to a hollow tree and guarded the door with a stout web. Then he brought her some dried chestnuts and called his friends to come and admire her beauty. But just like the beetles, all the other spiders persuaded Thumbelina's rescuer to let her go. Crying her heart out, and quite certain that nobody wanted her because she was ugly, Thumbelina left the spider's house. As she wandered, shivering with the cold, suddenly she came across a solid little cottage, made of twigs and dead leaves. Hopefully, she knocked on the door. It was opened by a field mouse. "What are you doing outside in this weather?" he asked. "Come in and warm yourself." Comfortable and cozy, the field mouse's home was stocked with food. For her keep, Thumbelina did the housework and told the mouse stories. One day, the field mouse said a friend was coming to visit them. "He's a very rich mole, and has a lovely house. He wears a splendid black fur coat, but he's dreadfully shortsighted. He needs company and he'd like to marry you!" Thumbelina did not relish the idea. However, when the mole came, she sang sweetly to him and he fell head over heels in love. The mole invited Thumbelina and the field mouse to visit him, but . . . to their surprise and horror, they came upon a swallow in the tunnel. It looked dead. Mole nudged it wi his foot, saying: "That'll teach her! She should have come underground instead of darting about the sky all summer!" Thumbelina was so shocked by such cruel words that later, she crept back unseen to the tunnel. And every day, the little girl went to nurse the swallow and tenderly give it food. In the meantime, the swallow told Thumbelina its tale. Jagged by a thorn, it had been unable to follow its companions to a warmer climate. "It's kind of you to nurse me," it told Thumbelina. But, in spring, the swallow flew away, after offering to take the little girl with it. All summer, Thumbelina did her best to avoid marrying the mole. The little girl thought fearfully of how she'd have to live underground forever. On the eve of her wedding, she asked to spend a day in the open air. As she gently fingered a flower, she heard a familiar song: "Winter's on its way and I'll be off to warmer lands. Come with me!" Thumbelina quickly clung to her swallow friend, and the bird soared into the sky. They flew over plains and hills till they reached a country of flowers. The swallow gently laid Thumbelina in a blossom. There she met a tiny, white-winged fairy: the King of the Flower Fairies. Instantly, he asked her to marry him. Thumbelina eagerly said "yes", and sprouting tiny white wings, she became the Flower Queen!rsion

Tagalog

alice in wonderland tagalog story

Last Update: 2020-02-09
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English

A Low Art [Excerpt from The Penelopiad] by Margaret Atwood (Canada) Now that I’m dead I know everything. This is what I wished would happen, but like so many of my wishes it failed to come true. I know only a few factoids that I didn’t know before. Death is much too high a price to pay for the satisfaction of curiosity, needless to say. Since being dead — since achieving this state of bonelessness, liplessness, breastlessness —I’ve learned some things I would rather not know, as one does when listening at windows or opening ot her people’s letters. You think you’d like to read minds? Think again. Down here everyone arrives with a sack, like the sacks used to keep the winds in, but each of these sacks is full of words —words you’ve spoken, words you’ve heard, wo rds that have been said about you. Some sacks are very small, others large; my own is of a reasonable size, though a lot of the words in it concern my eminent husband. What a fool he made of me, some say. It was a specialty of his: making fools. He got away with everything, which was another of his specialties: getting away. He was always so plausible. Many people have believed that his version of events was the true one, give or take a few murders, a few beautiful seductresses, a few one-eyed monsters. Even I believed him, from time to time. I knew he was tricky and a liar, I just didn’t think he would play his tricks and try out his lies on me. Hadn’t I been faithful? Hadn’t I waited, and waited, and waited, despite the temptation — almost the compulsion — to do otherwise? And what did I amount to, once the official version gained ground? An edifying legend. A stick used to beat other women with. Why couldn’t they be as considerate, as trustworthy, as all-suffering as I had been? That was the line they took, the singers, the yarn- spinners. Don’t follow my example, I want to scream in your ears — yes, yours! But when I try to scream, I sound like an owl. Of course I had inklings, about his slipperiness, his wiliness, his foxiness, his — how can I put this? — his unscrupulousness, but I turned a blind eye. I kept my mouth shut; or if I opened it, I sang his praises. I didn’t contradict, I didn’t ask awkward questions, I didn’t dig deep. I wanted happy endings in those days, and happy endings are best achieved by keeping the right doors locked and going to sleep during the rampages. But after the main events were over and things had become less legendary, I realised how many people were laughing at me behind my back — how they were jeering, making jokes about me, jokes both clean and dirty; how they were turning me into a story, or into several stories, though not the kind of stories I’d prefer to hear about m yself. What can a woman do when scandalous gossip travels the world? If she defends herself she sounds guilty. So I waited some more. Now that all the others have run out of air, it’s my t urn to do a little storymaking. I owe it to myself. I’ve had to work myself up to it: it’s a low art, tale-telling. Old women go in for it, strolling beggars, blind singers, maidservants, children — folks with time on their hands. Once, people would have laughed if I’d tried to play th e minstrel —there’s nothing more preposterous than an aristocrat fumbling around with the arts — but who cares about public opinion now? The opinion of the people down here: the opinions of shadows, of echoes. So I’ll spin a thread of my own.

Tagalog

isang mababang kwento ng sining sa tagalog

Last Update: 2020-02-01
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English

Thank you for choosing me, thank you for your attention. You know, sometimes I get hurt and I'm a bit hurt, I say to you in the first place but thank you for being a part of my life and that's one of the things I don't want to lose if you think I'll be like the ones you never thought. Well, I can't even imagine that I will be to the end but you will still love me as long as I know you need it and hopefully you will be to the end

Tagalog

Salamat kasi ako yung napili mo, salamat kasi binigyan pansin mo ako. Alam na minsan mapanakit ako at medyo naging maharot na sayo, sabi ko sayo eh sa una lang yun pero salamat padin kasi parte kana ng buhay ko at isa kana sa ayaw kong mawala sakin kung iniisip mo na tutulad ako sa mga dati mo wag mong isipin yun, hinde ko man mapapanga ko na ako ay maging hanggang dulo na pero tandaan mo mahahalin parin kita hanggat alam ko na kailangan mo yun at sana ikaw na nga hanggang sa dulo

Last Update: 2019-09-26
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Sophocles was an ancient Greek poet and one of three ancient Greek tragedians whose plays have survived. His plays belonged to the period after Aeschylus and earlier of Euripides. Based on the information provided by Suda, a 10th century encyclopedia, Sophocles wrote 123 plays during his lifetime, out of which only seven have survived in a complete form. These plays are Ajax, Antigone, Trachinian Women, Oedipus the King, Electra, Philoctetes and Oedipus at Colonus. It was believed that he remained the most celebrated playwright in the dramatic competitions of the city-state of Athens held during the religious festivals of the Lenaea and the Dionysia. Sophocles participated in thirty competitions, of which he won 24 and never went below second place in the rest. Among his plays, the two most famous tragedies, Oedipus and Antigone are generally known as the Theban plays, even though each play belonged to a part of a different tetralogy. Sophocles greatly influenced the drama. His main contribution was the addition of third actor which reduced the importance of the chorus in the presentation of the plot. A crater on the surface of Mercury has been after this ace Greek poet and playwright. Sophocles Childhood and Life Sophocles was the son of Sophilus, who was a rich member of the rural deme (small community) of Colonus Hippius. Sophocles was said to have been born in Attica. It is said that he was born few years before the Battle of Marathon in 490 BC, which is probably around 497/6 BC. Sophocles received his first artistic achievement in 468 BC, when he won first prize in the Dionysia theatre competition over the reigning master of Athenian drama, Aeschylus. According to Greek historian Plutarch, this victory was quite unusual. Unlike the usual custom of choosing judges by lot, the archon asked Cimon and the other strategoi present to decide the victor of the contest. According to him after being defeated, Aeschylus left for Sicily. “Triptolemus” was one amongst the plays that Sophocles presented at this festival. When Sophocles was sixteen, he was chosen to lead the paean, a choral chant to a God, celebrating the Greek victory over the Persians at the Battle of Salamis. He was one of the ten strategoi, high executive officials that commanded the armed forces and was the junior colleague of Pericles. In the beginning of his career, Sophocles received patronage from the politician Cimon. Even when Cimon was ostracized by Pericles (Cimon's rival) in 461 BC, Sophocles received no harm. In 443/ 442 he became one of the Hellenotamiai, or treasurers of Athena, and had the role to assist managing the finances of the city during the political ascendancy of Pericles. Based on the accounts of the Vita Sophoclis, he served as a general in the Athenian campaign against Samos in 441 BC. It was believed that Sophocles received this post because of his writing of Antigone. In 420 BC, when Asclepius was introduced to Athens, he welcomed it and set up an altar for the image of deity at his house. In 413, Sophocles was elected one of the commissioners who reacted to the catastrophic destruction of the Athenian expeditionary force in Sicily during the Peloponnesian War. Personal Life Sophocles first married to Nicostrata, with whom he had a son named Iophon. In the later life, he had relationship with a woman of Sicyon. She bore him a son called Ariston. It was believed that he had three more sons, but there is not much information about them. Death In the winter of 406/ 405 BC, Sophocles died at the age of ninety or ninety one. Like the other famous men from the ancient history, his death also inspired many apocryphal stories. One of the stories states that he died from the strain of trying to recite a long sentence from his play, “Antigone” without pausing to take a breath. Whereas the other story suggests that he choked to death while eating grapes at the Anthesteria festival in Athens. The third story accounts that he died due to excessive happiness over winning his final victory at the City Dionysia. Works The earliest contribution of Sophocles to the drama was the introduction of the third actor which immensely reduced the role of the chorus and created better opportunities for character development and conflict between characters. Even his competitor Aeschylus, who dominated Athenian playwrights during Sophocles' early career, accepted the new idea and adopted it into his own work towards the end of his life. Aristotle gave Sophocles the credit of the introduction of skenographia, or scenery-painting. After the death of Aeschylus in 456 BC, Sophocles became the celebrated playwright in Athens. He emerged victorious in different dramatic competitions, 18 at Dionysia and 6 at Lenaea festivals. Apart from making innovations in the dramatic structure, he was also known for his deeper development of characters than the earlier playwrights. His widespread reputation helped him to get invitation from foreign rulers to attend their courts, but unlike other playwrights Aeschylus who died in Sicily, or Euripides who spent time in Macedon, he never accepted any of these invitations. Sophocles works were influential and significant for the Greek culture. Two out of his seven plays can be estimated correctly to their exact dates, which namely are “Philoctetes” (409 BC) and “Oedipus at Colonus” (401 BC, staged after his death by his grandson). From the rest of his plays, “Electra” had striking similarities to these two plays which put forwards the fact that it was written in the later part of his literary career. Again based on the stylistic characteristics of “Oedipus the King” which came in his middle period, “Ajax”, “Antigone” and “The Trachiniae” belonged to his early days. Sophocles had also written three Theban plays namely, “Oedipus the King”, “Oedipus at Colonus” and “Antigone”. All these plays described the fate of Thebes during and after the reign of King Oedipus. These plays were sometimes even published under a single cover. Sophocles had written these plays in separate festival competitions with several years of difference between them. They cannot be called trilogy because of the presence of inconsistencies among them. Apart from these, Sophocles is supposed to have written few more Theban plays such as such as “The Progeny”, which survived in fragments. The majority of his plays depicted the undercurrent of early fatalism and the offset of Socratic logic being the keystone for the long tradition of Greek tragedy.

Tagalog

characteristicsSophocles was an ancient Greek poet and one of three ancient Greek tragedians whose plays have survived. His plays belonged to the period after Aeschylus and earlier of Euripides. Based on the information provided by Suda, a 10th century encyclopedia, Sophocles wrote 123 plays during his lifetime, out of which only seven have survived in a complete form. These plays are Ajax, Antigone, Trachinian Women, Oedipus the King, Electra, Philoctetes and Oedipus at Colonus. It was believed that he remained the most celebrated playwright in the dramatic competitions of the city-state of Athens held during the religious festivals of the Lenaea and the Dionysia. Sophocles participated in thirty competitions, of which he won 24 and never went below second place in the rest. Among his plays, the two most famous tragedies, Oedipus and Antigone are generally known as the Theban plays, even though each play belonged to a part of a different tetralogy. Sophocles greatly influenced the drama. His main contribution was the addition of third actor which reduced the importance of the chorus in the presentation of the plot. A crater on the surface of Mercury has been after this ace Greek poet and playwright. Sophocles Childhood and Life Sophocles was the son of Sophilus, who was a rich member of the rural deme (small community) of Colonus Hippius. Sophocles was said to have been born in Attica. It is said that he was born few years before the Battle of Marathon in 490 BC, which is probably around 497/6 BC. Sophocles received his first artistic achievement in 468 BC, when he won first prize in the Dionysia theatre competition over the reigning master of Athenian drama, Aeschylus. According to Greek historian Plutarch, this victory was quite unusual. Unlike the usual custom of choosing judges by lot, the archon asked Cimon and the other strategoi present to decide the victor of the contest. According to him after being defeated, Aeschylus left for Sicily. “Triptolemus” was one amongst the plays that Sophocles presented at this festival. When Sophocles was sixteen, he was chosen to lead the paean, a choral chant to a God, celebrating the Greek victory over the Persians at the Battle of Salamis. He was one of the ten strategoi, high executive officials that commanded the armed forces and was the junior colleague of Pericles. In the beginning of his career, Sophocles received patronage from the politician Cimon. Even when Cimon was ostracized by Pericles (Cimon's rival) in 461 BC, Sophocles received no harm. In 443/ 442 he became one of the Hellenotamiai, or treasurers of Athena, and had the role to assist managing the finances of the city during the political ascendancy of Pericles. Based on the accounts of the Vita Sophoclis, he served as a general in the Athenian campaign against Samos in 441 BC. It was believed that Sophocles received this post because of his writing of Antigone. In 420 BC, when Asclepius was introduced to Athens, he welcomed it and set up an altar for the image of deity at his house. In 413, Sophocles was elected one of the commissioners who reacted to the catastrophic destruction of the Athenian expeditionary force in Sicily during the Peloponnesian War. Personal Life Sophocles first married to Nicostrata, with whom he had a son named Iophon. In the later life, he had relationship with a woman of Sicyon. She bore him a son called Ariston. It was believed that he had three more sons, but there is not much information about them. Death In the winter of 406/ 405 BC, Sophocles died at the age of ninety or ninety one. Like the other famous men from the ancient history, his death also inspired many apocryphal stories. One of the stories states that he died from the strain of trying to recite a long sentence from his play, “Antigone” without pausing to take a breath. Whereas the other story suggests that he choked to death while eating grapes at the Anthesteria festival in Athens. The third story accounts that he died due to excessive happiness over winning his final victory at the City Dionysia. Works The earliest contribution of Sophocles to the drama was the introduction of the third actor which immensely reduced the role of the chorus and created better opportunities for character development and conflict between characters. Even his competitor Aeschylus, who dominated Athenian playwrights during Sophocles' early career, accepted the new idea and adopted it into his own work towards the end of his life. Aristotle gave Sophocles the credit of the introduction of skenographia, or scenery-painting. After the death of Aeschylus in 456 BC, Sophocles became the celebrated playwright in Athens. He emerged victorious in different dramatic competitions, 18 at Dionysia and 6 at Lenaea festivals. Apart from making innovations in the dramatic structure, he was also known for his deeper development of characters than the earlier playwrights. His widespread reputation helped him to get invitation from foreign rulers to attend their courts, but unlike other playwrights Aeschylus who died in Sicily, or Euripides who spent time in Macedon, he never accepted any of these invitations. Sophocles works were influential and significant for the Greek culture. Two out of his seven plays can be estimated correctly to their exact dates, which namely are “Philoctetes” (409 BC) and “Oedipus at Colonus” (401 BC, staged after his death by his grandson). From the rest of his plays, “Electra” had striking similarities to these two plays which put forwards the fact that it was written in the later part of his literary career. Again based on the stylistic characteristics of “Oedipus the King” which came in his middle period, “Ajax”, “Antigone” and “The Trachiniae” belonged to his early days. Sophocles had also written three Theban plays namely, “Oedipus the King”, “Oedipus at Colonus” and “Antigone”. All these plays described the fate of Thebes during and after the reign of King Oedipus. These plays were sometimes even published under a single cover. Sophocles had written these plays in separate festival competitions with several years of difference between them. They cannot be called trilogy because of the presence of inconsistencies among them. Apart from these, Sophocles is supposed to have written few more Theban plays such as such as “The Progeny”, which survived in fragments. The majority of his plays depicted the undercurrent of early fatalism and the offset of Socratic logic being the keystone for the long tradition of Greek tragedy.

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English

1. Autocratic Leadership Autocratic leadership style is centered on the boss. In this leadership the leader holds all authority and responsibility. In this leadership, leaders make decisions on their own without consulting subordinates. They reach decisions, communicate them to subordinates and expect prompt implementation. Autocratic work environment does normally have little or no flexibility. In this kind of leadership, guidelines, procedures and policies are all natural additions of an autocratic leader. Statistically, there are very few situations that can actually support autocratic leadership. Some of the leaders that support this kind of leadership include: Albert J Dunlap (Sunbeam Corporation) and Donald Trump (Trump Organization) among others. 2. Democratic Leadership In this leadership style, subordinates are involved in making decisions. Unlike autocratic, this headship is centered on subordinates’ contributions. The democratic leader holds final responsibility, but he or she is known to delegate authority to other people, who determine work projects. READ Top 15 Small Medium Business Ideas That You Can Start This Year The most unique feature of this leadership is that communication is active upward and downward. With respect to statistics, democratic leadership is one of the most preferred leadership, and it entails the following: fairness, competence, creativity, courage, intelligence and honesty. 3. Strategic Leadership Style Strategic leadership is one that involves a leader who is essentially the head of an organization. The strategic leader is not limited to those at the top of the organization. It is geared to a wider audience at all levels who want to create a high performance life, team or organization. The strategic leader fills the gap between the need for new possibility and the need for practicality by providing a prescriptive set of habits. An effective strategic leadership delivers the goods in terms of what an organization naturally expects from its leadership in times of change. 55% of this leadership normally involves strategic thinking. 4. Transformational Leadership Unlike other leadership styles, transformational leadership is all about initiating change in organizations, groups, oneself and others. Transformational leaders motivate others to do more than they originally intended and often even more than they thought possible. They set more challenging expectations and typically achieve higher performance. Statistically, transformational leadership tends to have more committed and satisfied followers. This is mainly so because transformational leaders empower followers. 5. Team Leadership Team leadership involves the creation of a vivid picture of its future, where it is heading and what it will stand for. The vision inspires and provides a strong sense of purpose and direction. eam leadership is about working with the hearts and minds of all those involved. It also recognizes that teamwork may not always involve trusting cooperative relationships. The most challenging aspect of this leadership is whether or not it will succeed. According to Harvard Business Review, team leadership may fail because of poor leadership qualities. 6. Cross-Cultural Leadership This form of leadership normally exists where there are various cultures in the society. This leadership has also industrialized as a way to recognize front runners who work in the contemporary globalized market. Organizations, particularly international ones require leaders who can effectively adjust their leadership to work in different environs. Most of the leaderships observed in the United States are cross-cultural because of the different cultures that live and work there. 7. Facilitative Leadership Facilitative leadership is too dependent on measurements and outcomes – not a skill, although it takes much skill to master. The effectiveness of a group is directly related to the efficacy of its process. If the group is high functioning, the facilitative leader uses a light hand on the process. On the other hand, if the group is low functioning, the facilitative leader will be more directives in helping the group run its process. An effective facilitative leadership involves monitoring of group dynamics, offering process suggestions and interventions to help the group stay on track. 8. Laissez-faire Leadership Laissez-faire leadership gives authority to employees. According to azcentral, departments or subordinates are allowed to work as they choose with minimal or no interference. According to research, this kind of leadership has been consistently found to be the least satisfying and least effective management style. READ 50 Quotes of Barack Obama 9. Transactional Leadership This is a leadership that maintains or continues the status quo. It is also the leadership that involves an exchange process, whereby followers get immediate, tangible rewards for carrying out the leader’s orders. Transactional leadership can sound rather basic, with its focus on exchange. Being clear, focusing on expectations, giving feedback are all important leadership skills. According to Boundless.com, transactional leadership behaviors can include: clarifying what is expected of followers’ performance; explaining how to meet such expectations; and allocating rewards that are contingent on meeting objectives. 10. Coaching Leadership Coaching leadership involves teaching and supervising followers. A coaching leader is highly operational in setting where results/ performance require improvement. Basically, in this kind of leadership, followers are helped to improve their skills. Coaching leadership does the following: motivates followers, inspires followers and encourages followers. 11. Charismatic Leadership In this leadership, the charismatic leader manifests his or her revolutionary power. Charisma does not mean sheer behavioral change. It actually involves a transformation of followers’ values and beliefs. Therefore, this distinguishes a charismatic leader from a simply populist leader who may affect attitudes towards specific objects, but who is not prepared as the charismatic leader is, to transform the underlying normative orientation that structures specific attitudes. 12. Visionary Leadership This form of leadership involves leaders who recognize that the methods, steps and processes of leadership are all obtained with and through people. Most great and successful leaders have the aspects of vision in them. However, those who are highly visionary are the ones considered to be exhibiting visionary leadership. Outstanding leaders will always transform their visions into realities.

Tagalog

Uri ng pamumuno

Last Update: 2017-10-22
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English

f you’ve ever been fishing and caught a big one, you’ll know just how difficult it is to get the fish off the hook. These creatures can be quite slippery and hard to deal with. Pisces is also elusive and hard to understand, just like its totem, the fish. The mind of Pisces is deep and often they are not easily understood due to their deep spiritual nature. According to astrology the signs of the zodiac represent the evolutionary stages of humanity. Commencing with Aries and finishing with your own star sign of Pisces, astrologers therefore believe that Pisces is somehow is the most spiritually advanced of the signs. Your motivation in life is to give, to serve and to love; therefore this universal and unconditional love is infused in most of your actions. You can’t help but offer assistance to anyone who is suffering and your heart goes out to him or her. You selflessly give your time and energy to anyone who needs your help. This seems to be the core characteristic of your Pisces personality. Your friends regard you as an oasis in the desert of life when troubles befall them and they know that they can rely upon you to turn to. Even if you’re not able to help them solve the problem, you’re never too busy to make yourself available to at least console them in their time of need. You are an extremely sensitive individual and when it comes to making decisions; your conclusions often settle around whether or not you are going to hurt others in the process. This is one of your key lessons in life and you must therefore balance the needs of others with your own personal needs. Try not to become the victim of your own caring and compassionate nature. Pisces are extraordinarily psychic and often your hunches are dead right. But you must also remember that using your God-given intellectual powers is necessary to balance your deeper intuitive abilities. If you are impulsive and live your life wholly and solely on your dreams and intuitions, the practical aspects of your life will tend to suffer. On the other hand, this wonderful esoteric and spiritual gift can be used to help others and choosing a career in healing or psychic counselling is not uncommon among people born under your star sign. You instinctively realise that there is a spiritual thread permeating all things and you often live in another dimension, seeing and feeling what others never even bat an eyelid over. You’re able to tap into the universal awareness and therefore use this creatively in such things as art, music and other creative pursuits. Try to develop this expression because you can touch the hearts and souls of many people by doing so. Pisces is also an emotional sign and although you give a lot, you also need to be nurtured and loved as well. Try to surround yourself with people who have something to give and who are not always on the take. Like a sponge you tend to absorb the negativity around you, and this will ultimately cause you poor health and disappointment in your relationships. You have an idealistic view of the world and unfortunately it’s not in keeping with what you believe life should be like. Try to accept the world and the people in it as it is. Primarily you are a person of wisdom, self-knowledge and intuitive understanding. You bring your compassionate gifts to the world and many people will benefit by their association with you. You must learn to become more secure in yourself while at the same time bringing satisfaction and creating bounds with the world around you. Those who are fortunate enough to be a part of your life should learn to treat you with equal sensitivity and love. In fact, you must realise you deserve the same as you give, so therefore you should never be afraid of demanding your just desserts.

Tagalog

zodiac sign ibig sabihin tagalog

Last Update: 2016-12-22
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If two or more partners have been intrusted with the management of the partnership without specification of their respective duties, or without a stipulation that one of them shall not act without the consent of all the others, each one may separately execute all acts of administration, but if any of them should oppose the acts of the others, the decision of the majority shall prevail. In case of a tie, the matter shall be decided by the partners owning the controlling interest.

Tagalog

Kung dalawa o higit pang mga kasosyo ay may ipinagkatiwala ang pamamahala ng mga partnership na walang detalye ng kani-kanilang mga tungkulin, o walang isang kondisyon na isa sa mga ito ay hindi kikilos nang walang pahintulot ng lahat ng mga iba, ang bawat isa ay maaaring hiwalay lahat ng mga gawa ng administrasyon, ngunit kung ang sinoma'y huwag salungatin ang mga gawa ng mga iba, ang desisyon ng karamihan ay mangingibabaw. kapag nag tie sa kaso, ang usapin ay nagpasya sa pamamagitan ng mga kasosyo sa pagmamay-ari ang pagkokontrol ng interes.

Last Update: 2016-11-16
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English

If two or more partners have been intrusted with the management of the partnership without specification of their respective duties, or without a stipulation that one of them shall not act without the consent of all the others, each one may separately execute all acts of administration, but if any of them should oppose the acts of the others, the decision of the majority shall prevail. In case of a tie, the matter shall be decided by the partners owning the controlling interest.

Tagalog

Kung dalawa o higit pang mga kasosyo ay may ipinagkatiwala ang pamamahala ng mga partnership na walang detalye ng kani-kanilang mga tungkulin, o walang isang kondisyon na isa sa mga ito ay hindi kikilos nang walang pahintulot ng lahat ng mga iba, ang bawat isa ay maaaring hiwalay lahat ng mga gawa ng administrasyon, ngunit kung ang sinoma'y huwag tutulan ang mga gawa ng mga iba, ang desisyon ng mayorya ay mangingibabaw. kapag nag tie sa kaso, ang usapin ay nagpasya sa pamamagitan ng mga kasosyo sa pagmamay-ari ang pagkontrol ng interes.

Last Update: 2016-11-16
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English

If two or more partners have been intrusted with the management of the partnership without specification of their respective duties, or without a stipulation that one of them shall not act without the consent of all the others, each one may separately execute all acts of administration, but if any of them should oppose the acts of the others, the decision of the majority shall prevail. In case of a tie, the matter shall be decided by the partners owning the controlling interest.

Tagalog

Kung dalawa o higit pang mga kasosyo ay may ipinagkatiwala ang pamamahala ng mga partnership na walang detalye ng kani-kanilang mga tungkulin, o walang isang stipulate na ang isa sa mga ito ay hindi kikilos nang walang pahintulot ng lahat ng mga iba, ang bawat isa ay maaaring hiwalay execute lahat ng mga gawa ng administrasyon, ngunit kung ang sinoma'y huwag tutulan ang mga gawa ng mga iba, ang desisyon ng mayorya ay mangingibabaw. kapag nag tie sa kaso, ang usapin ay nagpasya sa pamamagitan ng mga kasosyo sa pagmamay-ari ang pagkontrol ng interes.

Last Update: 2016-11-16
Usage Frequency: 1
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Reference: Anonymous

English

If two or more partners have been intrusted with the management of the partnership without specification of their respective duties, or without a stipulation that one of them shall not act without the consent of all the others, each one may separately execute all acts of administration, but if any of them should oppose the acts of the others, the decision of the majority shall prevail. In case of a tie, the matter shall be decided by the partners owning the controlling interest.

Tagalog

Kung dalawa o higit pang mga kasosyo ay may ipinagkatiwala ang pamamahala ng mga partnership na walang specification ng kani-kanilang mga tungkulin, o walang isang stipulation na ang isa sa mga ito ay hindi kikilos nang walang pahintulot ng lahat ng mga iba, ang bawat isa ay maaaring hiwalay execute lahat ng mga gawa ng administrasyon, ngunit kung ang sinoma'y huwag tutulan ang mga gawa ng mga iba, ang desisyon ng mayorya ay mangingibabaw. kapag nag tie sa kaso, ang usapin ay nagpasya sa pamamagitan ng mga kasosyo sa pagmamay-ari ang pagkontrol ng interes.

Last Update: 2016-11-16
Usage Frequency: 1
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Reference: Anonymous

English

alice in wonderland tagalog veOnce upon a time . . . there lived a woman who had no children. She dreamed of having a little girl, but time went by, and her dream never came true. She then went to visit a witch, who gave her a magic grain of barley. She planted it in a flower pot. And the very next day, the grain had turned into a lovely flower, rather like a tulip. The woman softly kissed its half-shut petals. And as though by magic, the flower opened in full blossom. Inside sat a tiny girl, no bigger than a thumb. The woman called her Thumbelina. For a bed she had a walnut shell, violet petals for her mattress and a rose petal blanket. In the daytime, she played in a tulip petal boat, floating on a plate of water. Using two horse hairs as oars, Thumbelina sailed around her little lake, singing and singing in a gentle sweet voice. Then one night, as she lay fast asleep in her walnut shell, a large frog hopped through a hole in the window pane. As she gazed down at Thumbelina, she said to herself: "How pretty she is! She'd make the perfect bride for my own dear son!" She picked up Thumbelina, walnut shell and all, and hopped into the garden. Nobody saw her go.Back at the pond, her fat ugly son, who always did as mother told him, was pleased with her choice. But mother frog was afraid that her pretty prisoner might run away. So she carried Thumbellna out to a water lily leaf ln the middle of the pond. "She can never escape us now," said the frog to her son. "And we have plenty of time to prepare a new home for you and your bride." Thumbelina was left all alone. She felt so desperate. She knew she would never be able to escape the fate that awaited her with the two horrid fat frogs. All she could do was cry her eyes out. However, one or two minnows who had been enjoying the shade below the water lily leaf, had overheard the two frogs talking, and the little girl's bitter sobs. They decided to do something about it. So they nibbled away at the lily stem till it broke and drifted away in the weak current. A dancing butterfly had an idea: "Throw me the end of your belt! I'll help you to move a little faster!" Thumbelina gratefully did so, and the leaf soon floated away from the frog pond. But other dangers lay ahead. A large beetle snatched Thumbelina with his strong feet and took her away to his home at the top of a leafy tree. "Isn't she pretty?" he said to his friends. But they pointed out that she was far too different. So the beetle took her down the tree and set her free. It was summertime, and Thumbelina wandered all by herself amongst the flowers and through the long grass. She had pollen for her meals and drank the dew. Then the rainy season came, bringing nastyweather. The poor child found it hard to find food and shelter. When winter set in, she suffered from the cold and felt terrible pangs of hunger. One day, as Thumbelina roamed helplessly over the bare meadows, she met a large spider who promised to help her. He took her to a hollow tree and guarded the door with a stout web. Then he brought her some dried chestnuts and called his friends to come and admire her beauty. But just like the beetles, all the other spiders persuaded Thumbelina's rescuer to let her go. Crying her heart out, and quite certain that nobody wanted her because she was ugly, Thumbelina left the spider's house. As she wandered, shivering with the cold, suddenly she came across a solid little cottage, made of twigs and dead leaves. Hopefully, she knocked on the door. It was opened by a field mouse. "What are you doing outside in this weather?" he asked. "Come in and warm yourself." Comfortable and cozy, the field mouse's home was stocked with food. For her keep, Thumbelina did the housework and told the mouse stories. One day, the field mouse said a friend was coming to visit them. "He's a very rich mole, and has a lovely house. He wears a splendid black fur coat, but he's dreadfully shortsighted. He needs company and he'd like to marry you!" Thumbelina did not relish the idea. However, when the mole came, she sang sweetly to him and he fell head over heels in love. The mole invited Thumbelina and the field mouse to visit him, but . . . to their surprise and horror, they came upon a swallow in the tunnel. It looked dead. Mole nudged it wi his foot, saying: "That'll teach her! She should have come underground instead of darting about the sky all summer!" Thumbelina was so shocked by such cruel words that later, she crept back unseen to the tunnel. And every day, the little girl went to nurse the swallow and tenderly give it food. In the meantime, the swallow told Thumbelina its tale. Jagged by a thorn, it had been unable to follow its companions to a warmer climate. "It's kind of you to nurse me," it told Thumbelina. But, in spring, the swallow flew away, after offering to take the little girl with it. All summer, Thumbelina did her best to avoid marrying the mole. The little girl thought fearfully of how she'd have to live underground forever. On the eve of her wedding, she asked to spend a day in the open air. As she gently fingered a flower, she heard a familiar song: "Winter's on its way and I'll be off to warmer lands. Come with me!" Thumbelina quickly clung to her swallow friend, and the bird soared into the sky. They flew over plains and hills till they reached a country of flowers. The swallow gently laid Thumbelina in a blossom. There she met a tiny, white-winged fairy: the King of the Flower Fairies. Instantly, he asked her to marry him. Thumbelina eagerly said "yes", and sprouting tiny white wings, she became the Flower Queen!rsion

Tagalog

Alice sa wonderland tagalog bersyon

Last Update: 2016-06-29
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