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Concentration

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Konsentrasi

Última actualización: 2013-09-06
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Referencia: Wikipedia

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The sample used was a female Aedes aegypti mosquito aged 2 5 days as much as 25 heads at each concentration and control.

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Sampel yang digunakan adalah nyamuk Aedes aegypti betina berumur 2 5 hari sebanyak 25 ekor pada tiap konsentrasi dan kontrol.

Última actualización: 2020-12-16
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Referencia: Anónimo

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The concentration of antibodies in the blood is usually low, and the demand for the plasma is large to treat critically ill patients.

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Konsentrasi antibodi dalam darah biasanya rendah dan plasma dibutuhkan dalam jumlah besar untuk merawat pasien yang sakit kritis.

Última actualización: 2020-08-25
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Referencia: Anónimo

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Some organizations have created crowdsourced apps for syndromic surveillance, where people can report their symptoms to help researchers map areas with concentration of COVID-19 symptoms.

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Beberapa organisasi membuat aplikasi urun daya untuk surveilans sindromik, dengan orang dapat melaporkan gejala mereka untuk membantu peneliti memetakan area dengan konsentrasi gejala COVID-19.

Última actualización: 2020-08-25
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Referencia: Anónimo

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DETERMINATION OF OPTIMUM CONCENTRATION, ADSORPTION CAPACITY, AND Pb (II) METHOD IOT ISOTERM MODELS USING SILICA ADSORBENES COMING FROM NATURAL SANDS

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PENENTUAN KONSENTRASI OPTIMUM, KAPASITAS ADSORPSI, DAN MODEL ISOTERM ION LOGAM Pb(II) MENGGUNAKAN ADSORBEN SILIKA YANG BERSUMBER DARI PASIR ALAM

Última actualización: 2020-07-12
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Referencia: Anónimo

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White roses contain flavonoid compounds that have antioxidant activity. Antioxidants that act as free radical scavengers are very important because they can reduce or cure various diseases caused by free radicals. This study aims to determine the antioxidant activity of cream preparations containing ethanol extract of white rose flowers (Rosa hybrida L) against ABTS and to determine the concentration of ethanol extract of white rose flowers (Rosa hybrida L).

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Pembuatan simplisia bunga mawar putih dilakukan dengan cara pengeringan menggunakan oven pada suhu 50̊ C. Ekstraksi menggunakan metode maserasi selama 5 (lima) hari dengan menggunakan pelarut etanol 96%. Pembuatan krim bunga mawar putih dilakukan dengan cara pencampuran antara 2 fase yaitu fase minyak dicampur kedalam fase air hingga menjadi basis krim kemudian ditambah variasi konsentrasi ekstrak bunga mawar. Pembuatan sediaan krim menggunakan variasi konsentrasi ekstrak pada formula I, II, III, berturut-turut (1%, 3% , 6%) ,uji aktivitas antioksidan menggunakan pereaksi ABTS (2,2-azinobis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonate)) dengan pembanding Trolox, dibaca serapannya menggunakan spektrofotometri UV-VIS pada panjang gelombang 744,4 nm .

Última actualización: 2020-12-18
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Referencia: Anónimo

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In this study obtained the highest mortality results at a concentration of 30% of 92%. Kruskal wallis test obtained a value of 0.009 ( 0.05) meaning there is an average difference in mortality of Aedes aegypti mosquitoes using mosquito repellent burn patchouli distillation waste (Pogostemon cablin B) concentration of 10%, 20%, 30%, metoflutrin 0.015% and a mixture of teak sawdust and arabic gum. Probit analysis obtained LC50 value of 6.911% and LC90 is 29.208%. The fastest KT50 and KT95 values are in the

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Pada penelitian ini didapatkan hasil kematian tertinggi pada konsentrasi 30% sebesar 92%. Uji Kruskal wallis diperoleh nilai 0,009 ( 0,05) artinya terdapat perbedaan rata rata mortalitas nyamuk Aedes aegypti menggunakan anti nyamuk bakar limbah penyulingan nilam (Pogostemon cablin B) konsentrasi 10%, 20%, 30%, metoflutrin 0,015% dan campuran serbuk gergaji kayu jati dan gum arab. Analisis probit didapatkan nilai LC50 yaitu 6,911% dan LC90 yaitu 29,208%. Nilai KT50 dan KT95 tercepat yaitu pada ko

Última actualización: 2020-12-16
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Referencia: Anónimo

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As seen in Fig. 5, the degradation rate constant of col 3 increases in a non linear manner as pH increases. The pH of maximum stability is below pH 4. The degradation rate increases with pH between 3 and 6, reaching a plateau between about pH 6 and 7, after which the rate increases again until minimum stability is observed above pH 10. This shape of the profile suggests that the dissociation equilibrium of the drug and the hydroxide ion concentration are the major factors, which influence the de

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Seperti yang terlihat pada Gambar. 5, konstanta laju degradasi col 3 meningkat secara non linier dengan meningkatnya pH. PH stabilitas maksimum di bawah pH 4. Laju degradasi meningkat dengan pH antara 3 dan 6, mencapai dataran tinggi antara sekitar pH 6 dan 7, setelah itu laju meningkat lagi sampai stabilitas minimum diamati di atas pH 10. Bentuk profil menunjukkan bahwa kesetimbangan disosiasi obat dan konsentrasi ion hidroksida adalah faktor utama, yang mempengaruhi de

Última actualización: 2020-10-12
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Referencia: Anónimo

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The pH rate profile of col 3 at 25°C is shown in Fig. 5. The data points of this plot represent the intrinsic rate constants (ko) obtained by extrapolating the apparent first order rate constant (kobs) to zero buffer concentration (Fig. 4), while the curve drawn through the data points represents the mathematical model developed in the following discussion.

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Profil laju pH col 3 pada 25 ° C ditunjukkan pada Gambar 5. Titik data dari plot ini mewakili konstanta laju intrinsik (ko) yang diperoleh dengan mengekstrapolasi konstanta laju orde pertama (kobs) ke konsentrasi buffer nol (Gbr. 4), sedangkan kurva yang digambar melalui titik-titik data merepresentasikan model matematika yang dikembangkan pada pembahasan berikut.

Última actualización: 2020-10-12
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Referencia: Anónimo

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The pH-rate profile of col-3 at 25°C is shown in Fig. 5. The data points of this plot represent the intrinsic rate constants (ko) obtained by extrapolating the apparent first-order rate constant (kobs) to zero buffer concentration (Fig. 4), while the curve drawn through the data points represents the mathematical model developed in the following discussion. As seen in Fig. 5, the degradation rate constant of col-3 increases in a non-linear manner as pH increases. The pH of maximum stability is below pH 4. The degradation rate increases with pH between 3 and 6, reaching a plateau between about pH 6 and 7, after which the rate increases again until minimum stability is observed above pH 10. This shape of the profile suggests that the dissociation equilibrium of the drug and the hydroxide ion concentration are the major factors, which influence the degradation rate. The mathematical model was, therefore, developed by considering the degradation rates of various ionic species of the drug whose concentrations change with pH

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Profil laju pH col 3 pada 25 ° C ditunjukkan pada Gambar 5. Titik data dari plot ini mewakili konstanta laju intrinsik (ko) yang diperoleh dengan mengekstrapolasi konstanta laju orde pertama (kobs) ke konsentrasi buffer nol (Gbr. 4), sedangkan kurva yang digambar melalui titik-titik data merepresentasikan model matematika yang dikembangkan pada pembahasan berikut.

Última actualización: 2020-10-12
Frecuencia de uso: 2
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Referencia: Anónimo

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2.3. Preparation of drug-in-glue patches The simplest form of transdermal patch is where the active compounds or extract are dispersed within a thin film of adhesive supported by an inert backing material-all currently available patches containing guarana are of this type. Model patches containing 9 different levels of extract were prepared ranging from 0.09–10.78 mg of guarana extract per patch, with a thickness of 1 mm. One set of patches were formulated from only methanol and adhesive to serve as a control. A range of concentrations was used in order to examine the incorporation of extract into a commercial transdermal adhesive. The extract was suspended in methanol and mixed with Duro-tak® 387- 2287 transdermal adhesive, mixed and cast onto aluminium foil backing, then left to allow evaporation of the solvent (Batchelder et al., 2004).

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2.2. Larutan jenuh Beberapa sistem pengiriman transdermal didasarkan pada tambalan tipe 'revervoir', yang biasanya mengandung senyawa aktif dalam larutan atau gel. Larutan jenuh ekstrak guarana dalam PEG, PG dan H2O disiapkan semalaman dengan metode standar dalam inkubator pada suhu 32◦C (suhu permukaan kulit). Ekstrak yang berlebih dipisahkan dengan sentrifugasi, sekali lagi pada suhu 32◦C.

Última actualización: 2020-10-02
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Referencia: Anónimo

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For strip tests, various concentrations of Hg2+ standard solutions or spiked water samples were prepared. The wicking pad of each strip was dipped into the solutions for approximately 3 min, and then it was placed horizontally. After 6 min, the test results could be evaluated visually. The negative samples gave two red linesrespectively at the test and control lines, whereas the positive samples was that the density of the test line would decrease with increasing Hg2+ concentration. While the concentration of Hg2+ is higher enough, the test line would disappear. When the test procedure was properly performed, the control line was always visible.

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strip uji berdasarkan nanopartikel emas difungsikan DNA

Última actualización: 2020-09-29
Frecuencia de uso: 1
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Referencia: Anónimo

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Several characteristics are used to describe sewage. These include turbidity (international turbidity units), suspended solids (ppm), total dissolved solids (ppm), acidity (H+ ion concentration or pH), and DO (in ppm O2). BOD is used as a measure of oxygen-demanding substances.

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8.4 PENGOBATAN SAMPAH Kotoran kota yang khas mengandung bahan yang membutuhkan oksigen, sedimen, lemak, minyak, buih, bakteri patogen, virus, garam, nutrisi alga, pestisida, senyawa organik tahan api, logam berat, dan berbagai fl otsam yang menakjubkan mulai dari kaus kaki anak-anak hingga spons. Ini adalah tugas pabrik pengolahan limbah untuk membuang sebanyak mungkin bahan ini.

Última actualización: 2020-09-03
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Referencia: Anónimo

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Nitazoxanide has been recommended for further in vivo study after demonstrating low concentration inhibition of SARS-CoV-2.Studies have demonstrated that initial spike protein priming by transmembrane protease serine 2 (TMPRSS2) is essential for entry of SARS-CoV-2 via interaction with the ACE2 receptor.

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Nitazoksanida telah direkomendasikan untuk studi in vivo lebih lanjut setelah menunjukkan penghambatan SARS-CoV-2 dalam konsentrasi rendah.Penelitian menunjukkan bahwa priming awal terhadap protein tonjolan oleh serin protease transmembran 2 (TMPRSS2) sangat penting untuk masuknya SARS-CoV-2 melalui interaksi dengan reseptor ACE2.

Última actualización: 2020-08-25
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Referencia: Anónimo

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The purpose of this study was to determine how the effect of adding soursop juice to the characteristics of edamame yogurt and to determine the optimal concentration of adding soursop juice to produce edamame yogurt with the best characteristics. This study used a Randomized Block Design (CRBD) with soursop fruit concentration treatment consisting of 5 levels, namely 0%, 5%, 10%, 15%, and 20% with 3 replications to obtain 15 experimental units. Yan data

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Data yang diperoleh dianalisis dengan metode Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) menggunakan SPSS yang kemudian jika berpengaruh nyata dilanjutkan dengan Duncan Multiple Range Test (DMRT) pada taraf signifikasi 5%. Variable yang diamati dalam penelitian ini adalah total BAL, total asam, uji pH, aktivitas antioksidan, viskositas, uji keadaan sensoris, serta uji sensoris yang meliputi uji hedonik dan skoring.

Última actualización: 2020-04-09
Frecuencia de uso: 1
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Referencia: Anónimo

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Effect of NAA, IBA and sucrose on rooting of micropropagated plantlets: The production of roots in shoots obtained from leaf explants and nodal segments was examined on MS and half MS medium supplemented with sucrose at different concentrations (3% and 5%) with 3 different levels (1.0, 5.0, 10.0 mg L 1) of IBA or NAA.

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Pengaruh NAA, IBA dan sukrosa pada rooting planlet yang di-micropropagated: Produksi akar dalam tunas yang diperoleh dari eksplan daun dan segmen nodal diperiksa pada MS dan setengah medium MS yang dilengkapi dengan sukrosa pada konsentrasi yang berbeda (3% dan 5%) dengan 3 berbeda level (1.0, 5.0, 10.0 mg L 1) dari IBA atau NAA.

Última actualización: 2018-08-15
Frecuencia de uso: 1
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Referencia: Anónimo

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g2.2.1. Soil Organic Carbon Carbon availability is a key component of the denitrification process. Early research showed that denitrification is greatly influenced by C availability, with denitrification rates of (nitrate) NO3-N remaining low when C was unavailable despite high N concentrations, but increasing rapidly in response to C addition [38]. Depending on the source of organic N amendments, addition of organic material to soils may increase N2O emissions by providing the necessary C substrates for driving microbial nitrification and denitrification processes [34,39]. Similarly, N2O emissions tend to increase with the C:N of soil, due in part to the potential for reduced plant N uptake and increased microbial consumption of inorganic N during soil organic matter decomposition [20]. Manure application increases total organic C and total N pools in soil at levels proportional to the application rate [40]. When comparing soil with a history of manure application to a non-manured soil, it was found that N2O emissions were nearly 25 times greater from manured soil [41]. In contrast to organic amendments, inorganic N fertilizers do not provide additional C substrate, but this will not necessarily lead to lower emissions. Moreover, addition of inorganic N fertilizer can have a priming effect on soil microbial communities which facilitates more rapid decomposition of soil organic matter [42], potentially also increasing N2O emissions. 2.2.2. Soil Aggregation, Drainage, and Moisture The relationship between water-filled pore space (WFPS), drainage, and N2O emissions is not completely understood. Generally, N2O emissions are greatest following a significant increase in soil water content after a rainfall or irrigation event [22], likely due to a flush of microbial activity from soil wetting and drying events [43]. Both denitrification and nitrification processes contributing to N2O emissions are stimulated at high WFPS, with nitrification playing a larger role as soils dry down [32]. Soils with restricted drainage, even if they are not completely water-saturated, are particularly prone to greaterN2O emissions [2]. For example, fine-textured soils that typically are associated with greater soil water content tend to have higher N2O emissions [20]. Thus, an important opportunity for decreasing emissions is to increase soil aeration, potentially through soil amendments or changes in soil structure. Increased aggregate stability can create larger soil pores between aggregates in fine-textured soils, and greater pore sizes may increase oxygen (O2) content, which has been shown to decrease N2O emissions [32]. Accordingly, soils managed with organic amendments tend to have greater aggregate stability compared to those managed with inorganic fertilizer [25], therefore the addition of organic amendments may reduce N2O emissions, especially in fine-textured soils. At the same time, it must be considered that organic amendments can increase soil water holding capacity, particularly for coarse-textured soils. In addition, because O2 concentrations in soil pores are determined by water content as well as microbial activity, elevated microbial respiration in response to higher C availability in organic inputs may decrease O2 content and increase N2O emissions [34]. The extent to which these physical and biological processes may interact to increase or decrease soil water content will largely depend on initial soil texture. Soils with lower water holding capacity may be more likely to experience increases in soil water content following addition of organic N inputs, whereas soils with initially higher water holding capacity may benefit more greatly from increased pore size, in turn leading to increased O2 concentrations and decreased N2O emissions.ogle translate

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gogle translate

Última actualización: 2018-04-08
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CURRENT METHODS FOR MONITORING IAQ Diagnostic techniques used for IAQ evaluations are usually divided into a qualitative and a quantitative phase.73 Instrumentation used during the qualitative IAQ evaluation is limited and is intended primarily to supplement the investigators visual observations. Direct-reading instruments are used to measure relative humidity, room temperature, O3, CO, CO2, and particulate concentrations. The qualitative evaluation for microbial contaminants includes an assessment of the building and heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) system for water damage and moisture problems, including condensation and the presence of visible mold or musty odors indicative of mVOCs.26 The qualitative evaluation for VOCs includes an observance of odors, building renovation, specialized office equipment, pressed wood products, and cleaning products used. Methodologies for collecting and culturing dust, bulk, and air sampling are discussed in more detail elsewhere.73,74 Environmental testing should be restricted to specific situations that warrant further assessment of the relationship between IAQ and clinical symptoms. HOW TO CREATE A HEALTHIER INDOOR ENVIRONMENT Building procedures The allergy specialist should have some familiarity with building a healthy home because patients are frequently presenting with health complaints related to poor IAQ attributed to their home or workplace. The 3 primary considerations in improving IAQ are (1) evaluation of construction failures that allow moisture into the walls of a building, (2) poor ventilation causing excessive humidity and accumulation of gaseous and/or chemical exposure from materials in the living space, and (3) poorly designed or failing HVAC systems that contribute to poor air circulation. An extensive overview of building sciences and the guidelines for new home construction can be found at http://www.healthhouse. org. Building a healthy home should take into account costs versus energy savings and improved health outcomes. Further studies are needed to confirm the health benefits of healthy home construction. IAQ standards In contrast with the industrial workplace setting, quantitative standards for chemical, biological, and particulate exposures as well as ventilation requirements have not been well established and are not routinely monitored. Although some government entities provide guidelines related to IAQ concerns, these generally take the form of recommendations for the control or elimination of sources and strategies for exposure reduction, rather than for achieving pollutant levels below some specific air concentration (Table I). Legislation such as Clean Indoor Air acts ban or restrict smoking in workplaces and in public places and reduce exposures to ETS for workers and patrons.75 The Environmental Protection Agencys IAQ Tools for Schools program addresses IAQ management in schools by providing guidance for those aspects of building maintenance, housekeeping, and daily school operations that can influence IAQ, such as the importance of preventing water intrusion; carefully selecting, using, and storing cleaning and pesticide products; and ensuring proper ventilation. This program also provides resources and strategies for remediation of allergen and irritant-induced IAQ problems and strategies to maintain good IAQ over time.76 These voluntary programs are gaining widespread acceptance.76 Conclusion This review was prepared with the goal of providing allergists with a balanced perception of indoor pollution and how to apply this information in the evaluation of individual patients who present with suspected symptoms arising from poor IAQ. As the patients foremost advocate, the allergy consultant should be prepared to acquire and maintain expertise in environmental factors that directly affect genetic susceptibilities inherent in allergic diseases. Evaluation of an individual patients exposure also requires that the allergist be familiar with methodologies for monitoring IAQ and interpreting results in the context of the patients exposure history. Finally, the allergist should be informed about existing indoor and outdoor air quality standards with the goal of advising patients about rational environmental control interventions.

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google translitex indonesia inggris USEFUL FOR MANY GOOD PEOPLE

Última actualización: 2014-11-11
Frecuencia de uso: 1
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Referencia: Anónimo

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