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Inglés

Indonesio

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Inglés

primary or elementary education typically consists of the first four to seven years of formal education.

Indonesio

pendidikan pertama atau sekolah dasar biasanya terdiri dari empat hingga tujuh tahun pertama pendidikan formal.

Última actualización: 2020-08-25
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Inglés

the incubation period for covid-19 is typically five to six days but may range from two to 14 days.

Indonesio

masa inkubasi untuk covid-19 biasanya lima hingga enam hari, tetapi dapat berkisar mulai dari dua hingga 14 hari.

Última actualización: 2020-08-25
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Inglés

the time from exposure to onset of symptoms is typically around five days but may range from two to fourteen days.

Indonesio

waktu sejak terpapar hingga awitan gejala pada umumnya sekitar lima hari, tetapi dapat berkisar mulai dari dua hingga empat belas hari.

Última actualización: 2020-08-25
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Inglés

the time from exposure to onset of symptoms is typically around five days, but may range from two to fourteen days.

Indonesio

waktu sejak terpapar hingga awitan gejala pada umumnya sekitar lima hari, tetapi dapat berkisar mulai dari dua hingga empat belas hari.

Última actualización: 2020-08-25
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Inglés

mild cases typically recover within two weeks, while those with severe or critical diseases may take three to six weeks to recover.

Indonesio

kasus ringan biasanya sembuh dalam dua minggu, sementara mereka yang menderita penyakit parah atau kritis mungkin membutuhkan tiga hingga enam minggu untuk sembuh.

Última actualización: 2020-08-25
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Inglés

the test is typically done on respiratory samples obtained by a nasopharyngeal swab; however, a nasal swab or sputum sample may also be used.

Indonesio

pengujian ini biasanya dilakukan pada sampel pernapasan yang diperoleh melalui usap nasofaring; namun, sampel usap nasal atau sputum juga dapat digunakan.

Última actualización: 2020-08-25
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Inglés

particularly, we highlight and discuss the common theme that parental viruses of hcovs are typically non-pathogenic in their natural reservoir hosts but become pathogenic after interspecies transmission to a new host.

Indonesio

kami secara khusus menyoroti dan membahas topik umum bahwa virus induk hcov biasanya bersifat nonpatogenik di reservoir alaminya, tetapi menjadi patogenik setelah transmisi antarspesies ke inang baru.

Última actualización: 2020-08-25
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Inglés

phase iii trials typically involve more participants, including a control group, and test effectiveness of the vaccine to prevent the disease, while monitoring for adverse effects at the optimal dose.

Indonesio

uji coba fase iii biasanya melibatkan lebih banyak peserta, termasuk kelompok kontrol, dan menguji efektivitas vaksin untuk mencegah penyakit, sambil memantau efek samping pada dosis optimal.

Última actualización: 2020-08-25
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Inglés

undergraduate education is education conducted after secondary education and prior to post-graduate education, for which the learner is typically awarded a bachelor's degree.

Indonesio

pendidikan sarjana adalah pendidikan yang dilakukan setelah pendidikan menengah dan sebelum pendidikan pascasarjana; untuk pendidikan ini, pelajar biasanya dianugerahi gelar sarjana.

Última actualización: 2020-08-25
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Inglés

maciej boni of penn state university stated, "left unchecked, infectious outbreaks typically plateau and then start to decline when the disease runs out of available hosts.

Indonesio

maciej boni dari penn state university menyatakan, "tanpa dikendalikan pun, wabah menular biasanya mendatar dan kemudian mulai menurun saat penyakit itu kehabisan inang yang tersedia.

Última actualización: 2020-08-25
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Inglés

even more countries have imposed restrictions on arriving travelers, either barring entry (maybe with an exception for local citizens and permanent residents) or requiring you to be quarantined, typically for 14 days.

Indonesio

lebih banyak lagi negara yang telah memberlakukan pembatasan pada kedatangan orang, baik melarang masuk (mungkin dengan pengecualian untuk warga setempat dan pemegang izin tinggal permanen) maupun mengharuskan karantina, biasanya selama 14 hari.

Última actualización: 2020-08-25
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Inglés

the time between being exposed to the virus and the emergence of symptoms (incubation period) is typically between 2 and 14 days, though there has been one reported case in china where symptoms appeared 27 days after exposure.

Indonesio

waktu antara terpapar virus dan munculnya gejala (masa inkubasi) biasanya antara 2 dan 14 hari, meskipun ada satu kasus dilaporkan di tiongkok dengan gejala muncul 27 hari setelah paparan.

Última actualización: 2020-08-25
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Inglés

historically online and blended learning models tended to allow only asynchronous participation by remote students (abrami et al., 2011). students typically were provided with access to online resources as well as recorded lectures, and were then supported to undertake discussion with peers and teachers through asynchronous discussion forums. a key limitation of this kind of learning environment was that it didn’t tend to afford the kinds of real time collaborative activities that are now need

Indonesio

secara historis model pembelajaran online dan campuran cenderung hanya memungkinkan partisipasi asinkron oleh siswa jarak jauh (abrami et al., 2011). siswa biasanya diberikan akses ke sumber daya online serta ceramah yang direkam, dan kemudian didukung untuk melakukan diskusi dengan teman sebaya dan guru melalui forum diskusi yang tidak sinkron. batasan utama dari jenis lingkungan belajar ini adalah bahwa ia tidak cenderung menyediakan jenis kegiatan kolaboratif waktu nyata yang sekarang dibutuhkan.

Última actualización: 2020-10-25
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Referencia: Anónimo

Inglés

historically online and blended learning models tended to allow only asynchronous participation by remote students (abrami et al., 2011). students typically were provided with access to online resources as well as recorded lectures, and were then supported to undertake discussion with peers and teachers through asynchronous discussion forums. a key limitation of this kind of learning environment was that it didn’t tend to afford the kinds of real time collaborative activities that are now need

Indonesio

secara historis model pembelajaran online dan campuran cenderung hanya memungkinkan partisipasi asinkron oleh siswa jarak jauh (abrami et al., 2011). siswa biasanya diberikan akses ke sumber daya online serta ceramah yang direkam, dan kemudian didukung untuk melakukan diskusi dengan teman sebaya dan guru melalui forum diskusi yang tidak sinkron. batasan utama dari jenis lingkungan belajar ini adalah bahwa ia tidak cenderung menyediakan jenis kegiatan kolaboratif waktu nyata yang sekarang dibutuhkan.

Última actualización: 2020-10-25
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Referencia: Anónimo

Inglés

reading materials viruses, bacteria, parasites and fungi (1) with the exception of newly discovered prions, viruses are the smallest agents of infectious disease. most viruses are exceedingly small (about 20 - 200 nanometers in diameter) and essentially round in shape. they consist of little more than a small piece of genetic material surrounded by a thin protein coating. some viruses are also surrounded by a thin, fatty envelope. (2) viruses are different from all other infectious microorganisms because they are the only group of microorganisms that cannot replicate outside of a host cell. because viruses do not eat food - instead they seize materials and energy from host cells by hijacking cellular machinery - some scientists argue that they are more like complex molecules than living creatures. viruses are known to infect nearly every type of organism on earth. some viruses, called bacteriophages, even infect bacteria. (3) at microchem laboratory, we have made use of the physical similarity between animal viruses and certain bacteriophages to do faster, more cost-effective virucidal testing. simply put, certain bacteriophages are great surrogates for mammalian viruses when it comes to disinfectant testing. bacteria are ten to 100 times larger than viruses. they are typically 1 to 3 microns in length and take the shape of a sphere or rod. most bacteria consist of a ring of dna surrounded by cellular machinery, all contained within a fatty membrane.

Indonesio

Última actualización: 2020-06-30
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Referencia: Anónimo

Inglés

reading materials viruses, bacteria, parasites and fungi (1) with the exception of newly discovered prions, viruses are the smallest agents of infectious disease. most viruses are exceedingly small (about 20 - 200 nanometers in diameter) and essentially round in shape. they consist of little more than a small piece of genetic material surrounded by a thin protein coating. some viruses are also surrounded by a thin, fatty envelope. (2) viruses are different from all other infectious microorganisms because they are the only group of microorganisms that cannot replicate outside of a host cell. because viruses do not eat food - instead they seize materials and energy from host cells by hijacking cellular machinery - some scientists argue that they are more like complex molecules than living creatures. viruses are known to infect nearly every type of organism on earth. some viruses, called bacteriophages, even infect bacteria. (3) at microchem laboratory, we have made use of the physical similarity between animal viruses and certain bacteriophages to do faster, more cost-effective virucidal testing. simply put, certain bacteriophages are great surrogates for mammalian viruses when it comes to disinfectant testing. bacteria are ten to 100 times larger than viruses. they are typically 1 to 3 microns in length and take the shape of a sphere or rod. most bacteria consist of a ring of dna surrounded by cellular machinery, all contained within a fatty membrane. (4) they acquire energy from the same essential sources as humans, including sugars, proteins, and fats. some bacteria live and multiply in the environment while others are adapted to life within human or animal hosts. some bacteria can double in number every fifteen minutes, while others take weeks or months to multiply. bacteria cause many types of diseases, ranging from mild skin irritation to lethal pneumonia. (5) parasites are part of a large group of organisms called eukaryotes. parasites are different from bacteria or viruses because their cells share many features with human cells including a defined nucleus. parasites are usually larger than bacteria, although some environmentally resistant forms are nearly as small. some parasites only replicate within a host organism, but some can multiply freely in the environment. parasites can be made of one cell, as in the case of giardia, or many cells, as with parasitic worms. (6) in developing countries unicellular parasites, such as plasomdium, the cause of malaria, are a major sources of disease. waterborne parasites, such as giardia and cryptosporidium are the most common causes of parasitic disease in the united states. (7) fungi are diverse in terms of their shape, size and means of infecting humans. fungi are eukaryotes, meaning that like parasites, their cells have a true nucleus and complex internal structures. they are most commonly found as environmentally resistant spores and molds, but can cause disease in humans in the form of yeasts. fungi most often cause skin infections and pneumonia. fungal diseases are particularly dangerous to immunocompromised people, such as those suffering from aids. instructions: a. find out the indonesian language of the yellow color words or phrases! b. write down 20 short dialogue (10 yes no questions and 10 wh-questions) about the content of the reading materials. paragraph 1.   yes/no question  example: sarah: can we see virus?    jhon: no, because it is the smallest agent of infectious disease. paragraph 1.  example:  wh-question   jhon: what is one characteristic of virus?   sarah: it is very small.

Indonesio

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Referencia: Anónimo

Inglés

the term early childhood development (ecd) usually refers to the process of development during the early childhood period, which many professional organisations consider as lasting from birth to eight years old (although other stakeholders consider that the early childhood period lasts from birth to primary school entry, which is six or seven years old in most countries). more and more, however, the term ecd is typically used by international development agencies3 to refer to holistic and conver

Indonesio

istilah perkembangan anak usia dini (paud) biasanya mengacu pada proses perkembangan selama periode anak usia dini, yang oleh banyak organisasi profesional dianggap berlangsung sejak lahir hingga usia delapan tahun (meskipun pemangku kepentingan lain menganggap bahwa periode anak usia dini berlangsung sejak lahir hingga sekolah dasar. entri, yang berusia enam atau tujuh tahun di sebagian besar negara). namun, semakin banyak istilah ecd biasanya digunakan oleh badan-badan pembangunan internasional3 untuk merujuk pada holistik dan konvergen

Última actualización: 2021-03-22
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Referencia: Anónimo

Inglés

g2.2.1. soil organic carbon carbon availability is a key component of the denitrification process. early research showed that denitrification is greatly influenced by c availability, with denitrification rates of (nitrate) no3-n remaining low when c was unavailable despite high n concentrations, but increasing rapidly in response to c addition [38]. depending on the source of organic n amendments, addition of organic material to soils may increase n2o emissions by providing the necessary c substrates for driving microbial nitrification and denitrification processes [34,39]. similarly, n2o emissions tend to increase with the c:n of soil, due in part to the potential for reduced plant n uptake and increased microbial consumption of inorganic n during soil organic matter decomposition [20]. manure application increases total organic c and total n pools in soil at levels proportional to the application rate [40]. when comparing soil with a history of manure application to a non-manured soil, it was found that n2o emissions were nearly 25 times greater from manured soil [41]. in contrast to organic amendments, inorganic n fertilizers do not provide additional c substrate, but this will not necessarily lead to lower emissions. moreover, addition of inorganic n fertilizer can have a priming effect on soil microbial communities which facilitates more rapid decomposition of soil organic matter [42], potentially also increasing n2o emissions. 2.2.2. soil aggregation, drainage, and moisture the relationship between water-filled pore space (wfps), drainage, and n2o emissions is not completely understood. generally, n2o emissions are greatest following a significant increase in soil water content after a rainfall or irrigation event [22], likely due to a flush of microbial activity from soil wetting and drying events [43]. both denitrification and nitrification processes contributing to n2o emissions are stimulated at high wfps, with nitrification playing a larger role as soils dry down [32]. soils with restricted drainage, even if they are not completely water-saturated, are particularly prone to greatern2o emissions [2]. for example, fine-textured soils that typically are associated with greater soil water content tend to have higher n2o emissions [20]. thus, an important opportunity for decreasing emissions is to increase soil aeration, potentially through soil amendments or changes in soil structure. increased aggregate stability can create larger soil pores between aggregates in fine-textured soils, and greater pore sizes may increase oxygen (o2) content, which has been shown to decrease n2o emissions [32]. accordingly, soils managed with organic amendments tend to have greater aggregate stability compared to those managed with inorganic fertilizer [25], therefore the addition of organic amendments may reduce n2o emissions, especially in fine-textured soils. at the same time, it must be considered that organic amendments can increase soil water holding capacity, particularly for coarse-textured soils. in addition, because o2 concentrations in soil pores are determined by water content as well as microbial activity, elevated microbial respiration in response to higher c availability in organic inputs may decrease o2 content and increase n2o emissions [34]. the extent to which these physical and biological processes may interact to increase or decrease soil water content will largely depend on initial soil texture. soils with lower water holding capacity may be more likely to experience increases in soil water content following addition of organic n inputs, whereas soils with initially higher water holding capacity may benefit more greatly from increased pore size, in turn leading to increased o2 concentrations and decreased n2o emissions.ogle translate

Indonesio

gogle translate

Última actualización: 2018-04-08
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Referencia: Anónimo

Inglés

cigarette smoking added $20.5 billion to the nation's medicare tab in 1997, according to researchers from the university of california, san francisco.if a person needing the transplant has a psychological problem or any types of mental illnesses which would require them to do group therapy or see a psychologist. they would also have to have a severe and rare illness in order to be put at the very top. people that receive the transplants almost immediately are typically going to die within the day.

Indonesio

google terjemahan inggris indonesia

Última actualización: 2014-12-13
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Referencia: Anónimo

Inglés

there are libraries at junior high school level (typically grades seven through nine).they concentrate on mantaining student's interts.to gain information and to develop ideas are the interesis.classes at this school level usually introduce students to individual and smaall-group research projects. libraries at junior high school level differin several ways from libraries at elementary level.it is because at the. junior high school libraries usually offer larger and more varled collections than libraries at the elementary level.it is to support classroom asignments. hgh school libraries usually have larger and more advenced collections than libraries at elementary school.they also often add the collections with computer databases and more modern tools.of bibliography . the buildings or the rooms of libraries at junior high school level are usually langer,too.the most complete high school liberaties have computer labs,profesional reffesional resources for teachers group study areas classroum in the library.

Indonesio

query length limit excedeed. max allowed query : 500 chars

Última actualización: 2016-09-05
Frecuencia de uso: 1
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Referencia: Anónimo

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