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Anglais

Gujarati

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Anglais

nice to meet you

Gujarati

તમને મળીને આનંદ થયો

Dernière mise à jour : 2017-03-04
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Anglais

Nice to meet you

Gujarati

nice to meet you

Dernière mise à jour : 2019-05-05
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Anglais

I want to meet you

Gujarati

મારે તને મળવું છે

Dernière mise à jour : 2019-02-12
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Anglais

Nice to talking to you

Gujarati

Mane bov gamyu tamari sathe vat karvanu

Dernière mise à jour : 2018-12-10
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Anglais

We will meet you

Gujarati

શું હું તમને કોલ કરી શકું

Dernière mise à jour : 2019-09-06
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Anglais

Who can go to meet the king at night

Gujarati

What bribe does samnyasi give to the door keeper for entry

Dernière mise à jour : 2019-11-25
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Anglais

It will also constitute a major contribution by India to the global effort to meet the challenges of climate change.

Gujarati

તે પણ વૈશ્વિક આબોહવા પરિવર્તન પડકારોનો સામનો કરવા માટે પ્રયત્ન કરવા માટે ભારત દ્વારા મુખ્ય ફાળો રચના કરશે.

Dernière mise à jour : 2016-12-18
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Anglais

Sets whether GIMP should create previews of layers and channels. Previews in the layers and channels dialog are nice to have but they can slow things down when working with large images.

Gujarati

શું GIMP એ સ્તરો અને ચેનલોનું પૂર્વદર્શન બનાવવું જોઈએ તે સુયોજિત કરો. સ્તરો અને ચેનલો સંવાદમાં પૂર્વદર્શનો હોય એ સારું છે પરંતુ તેઓ વસ્તુઓ ધીમી બનાવે છે જ્યારે મોટા ચિત્રો સાથે કામ કરી રહ્યા હોય.

Dernière mise à jour : 2014-08-20
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Anglais

permission If you need help with your Family Emergency Leave Letter you will find this article to be very helpful. Use our sample letter below as a guide in crea.. Sir, RE: REQUEST PERMISSION TO TRAVEL I am requesting permission to travel to England over the weekend to visit my sister. I would like to see my sister since she has just given birth to a daughter and I really want to meet my niece. She is still in the hospital and I wanted to get there before she is discharged so that I could help out as she moves back to her house. The whole family will be there on Sunday to welcome the baby. The trip will take a total of five days. I

Gujarati

પરવાનગી પત્ર, પ્રિય સર, RE: મુસાફરી માટે પરવાનગીની વિનંતી કરું છું હું મારી બહેનને મળવા માટે સપ્તાહના અંતે ઇંગ્લેન્ડની મુસાફરીની પરવાનગીની વિનંતી કરું છું. હું મારી બહેનને જોવા માંગુ છું કારણ કે તેણે હમણાં જ એક પુત્રીને જન્મ આપ્યો છે અને હું ખરેખર મારી ભત્રીજીને મળવા માંગું છું. તે હજી હ stillસ્પિટલમાં છે અને તેણીને રજા આપતા પહેલા હું ત્યાં પહોંચવા માંગતો હતો જેથી તેણી તેના ઘરે પાછો ફરતી વખતે હું મદદ કરી શકું. સમગ્ર પરિવાર રવિવારે બાળકના સ્વાગત માટે ત્યાં રહેશે. આ સફરમાં કુલ પાંચ દિવસનો સમય લાગશે. હું

Dernière mise à jour : 2020-04-22
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Anglais

Disasters fall into two major categories. These include man made and natural disasters. There is a major difference between these two and it is important to learn more about the same in order to increase your knowledge on the occurrence and causes of each and hence ensure that your disaster preparedness is heightened. For starters, natural disasters are brought about by change in natural phenomenon or what is known as acts of God. The extent of loss experienced is dependent on the vulnerability of the population. As such, this means that this can only occur in areas that are susceptible to vulnerability. On the other hand, man made disasters are influenced by humans and they are often as a result of negligence and human error among other factors. Natural disasters: Natural disasters include things such as floods, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, floods, tornadoes, landslides and hurricanes. Man made disasters: These can be divided into different categories and they include technological hazards, sociological hazards and transportation hazards among others. Despite the difference between these two, it is ideal to note that they can cause irrevocable damage if the right measures are not put in place to avoid the same. This is where the need for disaster preparedness comes in. It goes a long way to cushion people from the after effects of such happenings. There are several sources that provide useful resources that make it possible to meet this end. Whether the disaster is natural or man made, the manner in which action is taken goes a long way to determine how people fair from the experience. In both instances, casualties should be treated immediately and the best way to meet this end is placing the necessary measures in place that counteract this. Note that the costs associated with handling of the man made and natural disasters run to billions of shillings every year and this negatively affects the economy. Man Made Disasters nuclear-bombMan made disasters are also known as anthropogenic disasters and they as a result of human intent, error or as a result of failed systems. As mentioned earlier, these are broken down into several categories and while this is the case, there are some that cause more pronounced damage when compared to others. A good example is to look at man made disasters such as transportation. These are divided into different categories which include aviation, rail, road and space among others. Often these are as a result of neglect or ignorance and over the years, they have claimed several lives. Another type of disaster that falls in this category is nuclear bomb. When this occurs, it is often as a result of intent and the end results are even more catastrophic with a large percentage of those involved losing their lives or alternatively ending up with major defects or long term injuries. Other types of man made disasters which are just as catastrophic include chemical spill, oil spill, arson and terrorism. There are also some technological hazards which include power outages structural collapse, industrial hazards and fire. In cases of the last example, thousands of kilometers of land can be destroyed and anything else that is in the wake of the fires path. Over the years, fires have come to be known as rampant man made disasters and they are also divided into different categories such as bush fires, mine, wild and firestorms. One of the most famous man made disasters in the form of fire was the Pennsylvania fire which was recorded in 1962. It left major distraction in its wake by destroying a town and to date, such fires continue to burn. Whenever people suffer injuries due to any of the mentioned man made factors, the condition is further aggravated if they don’t get any immediate health care. It is for this reason that it is considered important to take learn more about fire preparedness and the most logical strategies to use to reduce causalities percentages and aggravation of the situation. The extent of damage caused by man made disasters varies greatly and while this is the case, it is important to state that others have notably high costs when compared to others. This is especially true when it comes down to responding and recovering. When you carry out a basic search, you will come across several resources that highlight these costs and hence, this will give you a clearer glimpse of what damage is caused by such occurrences. Additionally, there are different factors which influence the costs such as location. For instance, if this were to occur in densely populated but wealthy countries, the end result might prove to be huge. However, if the same were to occur in densely populated but poor countries, the after effect costs might prove to be lower and this is in part closely tied to insurance. The death toll caused by man made disasters will also vary in accordance to geographical location and in this regard, the poorer countries are hardest hit when compared to the richer ones. This is attributed to the fact that the richer countries have what it take to respond with speed to calls of distress, and can implement the proper safety measures needed from a distance to handle things safely and rapidly. Modern technology plays a very important part in the way you respond and prepare for distasters. With financial backing, it is easy to meet this end. On the other hand, the poorer countries have no resources or assets to respond with. There are several resources that categorically highlight the casualties in such incidences and it is advisable to look into the same in order to become more informed. Natural Disasters tsunamiThe causes of natural disasters are as mentioned earlier. Disasters only occur when hazards come face to face with vulnerability. As such, when natural occurrences that bring about damage and there are no casualties, then it is not referred to as natural disasters. There are people who are of the school of thought that there is a difference between hazards and disaster and while this is the case, the after effects and casualties are almost always the same. There are some which have been termed as the most famous natural disasters and by learning more about them it becomes easier to handle the calamity when disaster strikes. In this category, some of the popular incidences include fires, tsunami, earthquakes, tornadoes and the floods. As a matter of fact, there are incidences when it is important to expound on some of these natural disasters in order to ensure that in case of any eventuality you are well prepared. For instance, earthquakes are known to occur in areas that are earthquake prone. This is defined as the shaking of earth crust and it is brought about by shifting of the tectonic plates. While this is a sudden and unanticipated shake, the magnitude varies and this is what determines the after effects and whether or not a large percentage of the population suffers from the same. Additionally, earthquakes are known to affects humans and animals alike. While the earthquake itself is not responsible for this, secondary effects which occur after the quake do. In most cases, this leads to collapse of buildings, triggering of fires and volcanoes among other man made disasters. Some of the quakes that went down history books as worst natural disasters include the Indian Ocean quake which is the third strongest world wide. It had a magnitude of 9.1-9.3. It is known to have triggered one of the most major tsunamis which claimed the lives of more than 229,000. The most recent one has to be the 2011 Tohuku quake and this one recorded a magnitude of 9.0. The death tool in this case is recorded to be more than 13,000 and to date more than 12,000 people are still recorded as missing. Other quakes worth noting include the java earthquake in 2006, the Chile quake in 2010. The last one was accompanied by tsunami that claimed more than 550 lives. Large buildings like land based casinos were reported to have been torn down like they were made of paper, as one casino news site reports. Floods are also known to cause some of the worst natural disasters and this is especially true when they are accompanied by hurricanes. Hundreds of thousands of lives have been lost due to this and consequently, it is ranked among the most dreaded occurrences. These often occur in areas that are flood prone and for this reason it is always advised to avoid living in such areas. Other types of natural disasters that are just as disastrous include blizzards, droughts, fires, health disasters and space disasters among others. The manner in which each of these incidences is handled varies in accordance to the magnitude of the natural disaster and how well people cope with the same. While natural disasters are an act of God and unstoppable, having the necessary precautionary measures in place to ensure that people are well prepared for the same goes a long way to ease the burden associated with such burdens making it less difficult to handle. What is more, if more people seek to get educated on such aspects, it becomes easier to handle any eventualities. The same could not be said about our ancestors before us. It is precisely due to these facts that the importance of preparedness cannot be overstressed. To cap it all, the world should unite in handling such occurrences to ease the burden placed on individual countries and especially those termed as third world countries.

Gujarati

માણસ સર્જિત આપત્તિઓ

Dernière mise à jour : 2016-09-02
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Référence: Anonyme

Anglais

Energy consumption (and costs) Do you know in actual we are consuming more electricity or paying more amounts what we actually not use it ? According to the energy auditors we can easily save between 5 and 10% of their energy consumption (and costs) by changing our behavior such as switching electrical equipment off at the mains rather than leaving it on standby, turning off lights when they’re not being used By saving Electrical energy will directly reflected to saving money so it is very necessary to under stood ghost unit or amount which we are paying without using the appliances. The major appliances in your home — refrigerators, clothes washers, dishwashers — account for a big chunk of your monthly utility bill. And if your refrigerator or washing machine is more than a decade old, you’re spending a lot more on energy than you need to. Today’s major appliances don’t hog energy the way older models do because they must meet minimum federal energy efficiency standards. These standards have been tightened over the years, so any new appliance you buy today has to use less energy than the model you’re replacing. For instance, if you buy one of today’s most energy-efficient refrigerators, it will use less than half the energy of a model that’s 12 years old or older. Top Lighting • Get into the habit of turning lights off when you leave a room. —-Saving Energy 0.5 % • Use task lighting (table and desktop lamps) instead of room lighting. • Take advantage of daylight • De-dust lighting fixtures to maintain illumination—–Saving Energy 1 % • Compact fluorescent bulbs (CFL): 1. CFL use 75% less energy than Normal bulbs. 2. CFL are four times more energy efficient than Normal bulbs. 3. CFL can last up to ten times longer than a normal bulb. • Use electronic chokes. in place of conventional copper chokes.—-Saving Energy 2 % • Get into the habit of turning lights off when you leave a room. • Use only one bulb for light fittings with more than one light bulb, or replace additional bulbs with a lower wattage version. • Use energy-saving light bulbs that can last up to ten times longer than a normal bulb and use significantly less energy. A single 20- to 25-watt energy-saving bulb provides as much light as a 100-watt ordinary bulb. • Use tungsten halogen bulbs for spotlights—they last longer and are up to 100% more efficient. • Fit external lights with a motion sensor. • Use high frequency fittings for fluorescent tubes because they cut flicker and are even more efficient than energy-saving light bulbs. They are suitable for kitchens, halls, workshops and garages. Save on Your Fridge & Freezer: • Defrost your fridge regularly. • Check that the door seals are strong and intact. • Don’t stand Freezer’s Back Side too near the Wall. • Avoid putting warm or hot food in the fridge or freezer—it requires more energy to cool it down. • Clean condenser coils twice a year. • Get rid of old refrigerators! They use twice the energy as new Energy Star® models. • Keep refrigerators full but not overcrowded. • Defrost your fridge regularly. When ice builds up, your freezer uses more electricity. If it frosts up again quickly, check that the door seals are strong and intact. • Do not stand the fridge next to the oven or other hot appliances if you can help it. Also ensure there is plenty of ventilation space behind and above it. • Keep the fridge at 40°F and the freezer at 0°F. Empty and then turn your fridge off if you go on a long vacation (but make sure you leave the door open). • Aim to keep your fridge at least three-quarters full to maintain maximum efficiency. A full fridge is a healthy fridge. • Avoid putting warm or hot food in the fridge or freezer—it requires more energy to cool it down. Air Condition Unit • For Home Purpose use Window unit Instead Of Split Unit. • For Office and Commercial Purpose Use Split AC instead of Window unit. • Consider installing a programmable t. Just set the times and temperatures to match your schedule and you will save money and be comfortably cool when you return home. • Get air conditioner maintenance each year. • Checks the condenser coils, the evaporator coils, the blower wheel, the filter, the lubrication and the electrical contacts. • Replace worn and dirty equipment for maximum efficiency. • Replace air conditioner filters every month. • Turn off central air conditioning 30 minutes before leaving your home. • Consider using ceiling or portable fans to circulate and cool the air. • Try increasing your air conditioner temperature. Even 1 degree higher could mean significant savings, and you will probably not notice the difference. • Keep central air conditioner usage to a minimum—or even turn the unit off – if you plan to go away. • Consider installing a programmable thermostat. Just set the times and temperatures to match your schedule, and you will save money and be comfortably cool when you return home. • Get air conditioner maintenance each year – ensure your service person checks the condenser coils, the evaporator coils, the blower wheel, the filter, the lubrication and the electrical contacts. Replace worn and dirty equipment for maximum efficiency. • Replace air conditioner filters every month. • Buy the proper size equipment to meet your family’s needs – an oversized air conditioner unit will waste energy. • If you have a furnace, replace it at the same time as your air conditioner system. Why? Because it is your furnace fan that blows cool air around your home, and a newer furnace fan provides improved air circulation all year round, plus saves energy costs. Water Heater • Check your hot water temperature. It does not need to be any higher than 140°F for washing purposes. • Plug the basin or bath when you run any hot water. • Use a timer to make sure the heating and hot water are only on when needed. • Insulate your hot water pipes to prevent heat loss, and your water will stay hotter for longer. Plus, you will also use less energy to heat it. And simply fitting a jacket onto your hot water tank can cut waste by up to three quarters. • Take showers—a bath consumes 5 times more hot water. Buy a low-flow showerhead for more efficiency and it will pay for itself in no time. • Avoid washing dishes under hot running water, and do not pre-rinse before using the dishwasher. • Repair dripping hot water taps immediately • Make sure hot water taps are always turned off properly. Washing Machine • Wash full loads of Washing Machine—you will use your machine less often, saving time, and it is more energy-efficient. • Wash at a lower temperature or the economy setting to save even more. • Use the spin cycle, and then hang washing out rather than tumble drying—your clothes and linens will smell fresher! • If you need to tumble dry, try a lower temperature setting. • Use your dryer for consecutive loads, because the built-up heat between loads will use less energy. Oven/Electrical Cooker • Make sure your oven door closes tightly. • Use a microwave rather than conventional oven, when possible. • Keep the center of the pan over the element, and keep the lid on when cooking on the stovetop. • Only boil the amount of water that you need—just ensure there is enough water to cover the heating element. Turn the element or electric kettle down as soon as it reaches the boiling point. Computer / Laptop • Buy a laptop instead of a desktop, if practical. —-Saving Energy 5 %. • If you buy a desktop, get an LCD screen instead of an outdated CRT. • Use sleep-mode when not in use helps cut energy costs by approx 40%. • Turn off the monitor; this device alone uses more than half the system’s energy. • Screen savers save computer screens, not energy. • Use separate On/Off switch Socket Instead of One. • Laser printers use more electricity than inkjet printers. Fan • A ceiling fan in operation through out night will gobble up 22 units in a month. • There is a wrong notion that fan at more speed would consume more current. • Fan running at slow speed would waste energy as heat in the regulator. • The ordinary regulator would take 20 watts extra at low speed. • The energy loss can be compensated by using electronic regulator Buy efficient electric appliances: • They use two to 10 times less electricity for the same functionality, and are mostly higher quality products that last longer than the less efficient ones. In short, efficient appliances save you lots of energy and money. • In many countries, efficiency rating labels are mandatory on most appliances. Look Energy Star label is used. • The label gives you information on the annual electricity consumption. In the paragraphs below, we provide some indication of the consumption of the most efficient appliances to use as a rough guide when shopping. Lists of brands and models and where to find them are country-specific and so cannot be listed here, but check the links on this page for more detailed information. • Average consumption of electric appliances in different regions in the world, compared with the high efficient models on the market Ghost consumers: • Identify the “ghost consumers” which consume power – not because they are in use, but because they are plugged in and are in stand-by mode. • The TV consumes 10 watt power When It’s is in Stand by Mode. Ex. TV is in stand-by-mode for 10 hours a Day. Energy Consumption / Day= 10 X 10 = 100 Watts. = 0.1 KWH. Energy consumption / Month= 1X100X30=3000 Watts=3KWH ( Unit) . Energy Consumption in Rupees. = 3 X 4 = 12 Rs/Month. • The TV consumes 5 watt power when we don’t plug out from switch Board. Ex. TV is in un Plug Mode for 10 hours a Day. Energy Consumption / Day= 5 X 10 = 50 Watts. = 0.05 KWH. Energy consumption / Month= 1X50X30= 1500 Watts=1.5 KWH ( Unit) . Energy Consumption in Rupees. = 1.5 X 4 = 6 Rs/Month. • The cell phone charger uses 3 watt per hour when plugged. • Mosquito mats consume 5 watts per hour. • If you use an electric geyser, do not leave it in thermostat mode, for it causes standing losses of 1-1.5 units. ઊર્જા વપરાશ (અને ખર્ચ) તમે ખરેખર ખબર છે કે અમે વધુ વીજળી વપરાશ અથવા વધુ ચૂકવણી કરવામાં આવે છે નથી જેટલી અમે ખરેખર તે ઉપયોગ નથી શું? Last Update:2016-06-01 Subject: all Quality: Excellent Energy consumption (and costs) Do you know in actual we are consuming more electricity or paying more amounts what we actually not use it ? According to the energy auditors we can easily save between 5 and 10% of their energy consumption (and costs) by changing our behavior such as switching electrical equipment off at the mains rather than leaving it on standby, turning off lights when they’re not being used By saving Electrical energy will directly reflected to saving money so it is very necessary to under stood ghost unit or amount which we are paying without using the appliances. The major appliances in your home — refrigerators, clothes washers, dishwashers — account for a big chunk of your monthly utility bill. And if your refrigerator or washing machine is more than a decade old, you’re spending a lot more on energy than you need to. Today’s major appliances don’t hog energy the way older models do because they must meet minimum federal energy efficiency standards. These standards have been tightened over the years, so any new appliance you buy today has to use less energy than the model you’re replacing. For instance, if you buy one of today’s most energy-efficient refrigerators, it will use less than half the energy of a model that’s 12 years old or older. Top Lighting • Get into the habit of turning lights off when you leave a room. —-Saving Energy 0.5 % • Use task lighting (table and desktop lamps) instead of room lighting. • Take advantage of daylight • De-dust lighting fixtures to maintain illumination—–Saving Energy 1 % • Compact fluorescent bulbs (CFL): 1. CFL use 75% less energy than Normal bulbs. 2. CFL are four times more energy efficient than Normal bulbs. 3. CFL can last up to ten times longer than a normal bulb. • Use electronic chokes. in place of conventional copper chokes.—-Saving Energy 2 % • Get into the habit of turning lights off when you leave a room. • Use only one bulb for light fittings with more than one light bulb, or replace additional bulbs with a lower wattage version. • Use energy-saving light bulbs that can last up to ten times longer than a normal bulb and use significantly less energy. A single 20- to 25-watt energy-saving bulb provides as much light as a 100-watt ordinary bulb. • Use tungsten halogen bulbs for spotlights—they last longer and are up to 100% more efficient. • Fit external lights with a motion sensor. • Use high frequency fittings for fluorescent tubes because they cut flicker and are even more efficient than energy-saving light bulbs. They are suitable for kitchens, halls, workshops and garages. Save on Your Fridge & Freezer: • Defrost your fridge regularly. • Check that the door seals are strong and intact. • Don’t stand Freezer’s Back Side too near the Wall. • Avoid putting warm or hot food in the fridge or freezer—it requires more energy to cool it down. • Clean condenser coils twice a year. • Get rid of old refrigerators! They use twice the energy as new Energy Star® models. • Keep refrigerators full but not overcrowded. • Defrost your fridge regularly. When ice builds up, your freezer uses more electricity. If it frosts up again quickly, check that the door seals are strong and intact. • Do not stand the fridge next to the oven or other hot appliances if you can help it. Also ensure there is plenty of ventilation space behind and above it. • Keep the fridge at 40°F and the freezer at 0°F. Empty and then turn your fridge off if you go on a long vacation (but make sure you leave the door open). • Aim to keep your fridge at least three-quarters full to maintain maximum efficiency. A full fridge is a healthy fridge. • Avoid putting warm or hot food in the fridge or freezer—it requires more energy to cool it down. Air Condition Unit • For Home Purpose use Window unit Instead Of Split Unit. • For Office and Commercial Purpose Use Split AC instead of Window unit. • Consider installing a programmable t. Just set the times and temperatures to match your schedule and you will save money and be comfortably cool when you return home. • Get air conditioner maintenance each year. • Checks the condenser coils, the evaporator coils, the blower wheel, the filter, the lubrication and the electrical contacts. • Replace worn and dirty equipment for maximum efficiency. • Replace air conditioner filters every month. • Turn off central air conditioning 30 minutes before leaving your home. • Consider using ceiling or portable fans to circulate and cool the air. • Try increasing your air conditioner temperature. Even 1 degree higher could mean significant savings, and you will probably not notice the difference. • Keep central air conditioner usage to a minimum—or even turn the unit off – if you plan to go away. • Consider installing a programmable thermostat. Just set the times and temperatures to match your schedule, and you will save money and be comfortably cool when you return home. • Get air conditioner maintenance each year – ensure your service person checks the condenser coils, the evaporator coils, the blower wheel, the filter, the lubrication and the electrical contacts. Replace worn and dirty equipment for maximum efficiency. • Replace air conditioner filters every month. • Buy the proper size equipment to meet your family’s needs – an oversized air conditioner unit will waste energy. • If you have a furnace, replace it at the same time as your air conditioner system. Why? Because it is your furnace fan that blows cool air around your home, and a newer furnace fan provides improved air circulation all year round, plus saves energy costs. Water Heater • Check your hot water temperature. It does not need to be any higher than 140°F for washing purposes. • Plug the basin or bath when you run any hot water. • Use a timer to make sure the heating and hot water are only on when needed. • Insulate your hot water pipes to prevent heat loss, and your water will stay hotter for longer. Plus, you will also use less energy to heat it. And simply fitting a jacket onto your hot water tank can cut waste by up to three quarters. • Take showers—a bath consumes 5 times more hot water. Buy a low-flow showerhead for more efficiency and it will pay for itself in no time. • Avoid washing dishes under hot running water, and do not pre-rinse before using the dishwasher. • Repair dripping hot water taps immediately • Make sure hot water taps are always turned off properly. Washing Machine • Wash full loads of Washing Machine—you will use your machine less often, saving time, and it is more energy-efficient. • Wash at a lower temperature or the economy setting to save even more. • Use the spin cycle, and then hang washing out rather than tumble drying—your clothes and linens will smell fresher! • If you need to tumble dry, try a lower temperature setting. • Use your dryer for consecutive loads, because the built-up heat between loads will use less energy. Oven/Electrical Cooker • Make sure your oven door closes tightly. • Use a microwave rather than conventional oven, when possible. • Keep the center of the pan over the element, and keep the lid on when cooking on the stovetop. • Only boil the amount of water that you need—just ensure there is enough water to cover the heating element. Turn the element or electric kettle down as soon as it reaches the boiling point. Computer / Laptop • Buy a laptop instead of a desktop, if practical. —-Saving Energy 5 %. • If you buy a desktop, get an LCD screen instead of an outdated CRT. • Use sleep-mode when not in use helps cut energy costs by approx 40%. • Turn off the monitor; this device alone uses more than half the system’s energy. • Screen savers save computer screens, not energy. • Use separate On/Off switch Socket Instead of One. • Laser printers use more electricity than inkjet printers. Fan • A ceiling fan in operation through out night will gobble up 22 units in a month. • There is a wrong notion that fan at more speed would consume more current. • Fan running at slow speed would waste energy as heat in the regulator. • The ordinary regulator would take 20 watts extra at low speed. • The energy loss can be compensated by using electronic regulator Buy efficient electric appliances: • They use two to 10 times less electricity for the same functionality, and are mostly higher quality products that last longer than the less efficient ones. In short, efficient appliances save you lots of energy and money. • In many countries, efficiency rating labels are mandatory on most appliances. Look Energy Star label is used. • The label gives you information on the annual electricity consumption. In the paragraphs below, we provide some indication of the consumption of the most efficient appliances to use as a rough guide when shopping. Lists of brands and models and where to find them are country-specific and so cannot be listed here, but check the links on this page for more detailed information. • Average consumption of electric appliances in different regions in the world, compared with the high efficient models on the market Ghost consumers: • Identify the “ghost consumers” which consume power – not becaus

Gujarati

ઊર્જા વપરાશ (અને ખર્ચ) તમે ખરેખર ખબર છે કે અમે વધુ વીજળી વપરાશ અથવા વધુ ચૂકવણી કરવામાં આવે છે નથી જેટલી અમે ખરેખર તે ઉપયોગ નથી શું?

Dernière mise à jour : 2016-06-01
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Anglais

Energy consumption (and costs) Do you know in actual we are consuming more electricity or paying more amounts what we actually not use it ? According to the energy auditors we can easily save between 5 and 10% of their energy consumption (and costs) by changing our behavior such as switching electrical equipment off at the mains rather than leaving it on standby, turning off lights when they’re not being used By saving Electrical energy will directly reflected to saving money so it is very necessary to under stood ghost unit or amount which we are paying without using the appliances. The major appliances in your home — refrigerators, clothes washers, dishwashers — account for a big chunk of your monthly utility bill. And if your refrigerator or washing machine is more than a decade old, you’re spending a lot more on energy than you need to. Today’s major appliances don’t hog energy the way older models do because they must meet minimum federal energy efficiency standards. These standards have been tightened over the years, so any new appliance you buy today has to use less energy than the model you’re replacing. For instance, if you buy one of today’s most energy-efficient refrigerators, it will use less than half the energy of a model that’s 12 years old or older. Top Lighting • Get into the habit of turning lights off when you leave a room. —-Saving Energy 0.5 % • Use task lighting (table and desktop lamps) instead of room lighting. • Take advantage of daylight • De-dust lighting fixtures to maintain illumination—–Saving Energy 1 % • Compact fluorescent bulbs (CFL): 1. CFL use 75% less energy than Normal bulbs. 2. CFL are four times more energy efficient than Normal bulbs. 3. CFL can last up to ten times longer than a normal bulb. • Use electronic chokes. in place of conventional copper chokes.—-Saving Energy 2 % • Get into the habit of turning lights off when you leave a room. • Use only one bulb for light fittings with more than one light bulb, or replace additional bulbs with a lower wattage version. • Use energy-saving light bulbs that can last up to ten times longer than a normal bulb and use significantly less energy. A single 20- to 25-watt energy-saving bulb provides as much light as a 100-watt ordinary bulb. • Use tungsten halogen bulbs for spotlights—they last longer and are up to 100% more efficient. • Fit external lights with a motion sensor. • Use high frequency fittings for fluorescent tubes because they cut flicker and are even more efficient than energy-saving light bulbs. They are suitable for kitchens, halls, workshops and garages. Save on Your Fridge & Freezer: • Defrost your fridge regularly. • Check that the door seals are strong and intact. • Don’t stand Freezer’s Back Side too near the Wall. • Avoid putting warm or hot food in the fridge or freezer—it requires more energy to cool it down. • Clean condenser coils twice a year. • Get rid of old refrigerators! They use twice the energy as new Energy Star® models. • Keep refrigerators full but not overcrowded. • Defrost your fridge regularly. When ice builds up, your freezer uses more electricity. If it frosts up again quickly, check that the door seals are strong and intact. • Do not stand the fridge next to the oven or other hot appliances if you can help it. Also ensure there is plenty of ventilation space behind and above it. • Keep the fridge at 40°F and the freezer at 0°F. Empty and then turn your fridge off if you go on a long vacation (but make sure you leave the door open). • Aim to keep your fridge at least three-quarters full to maintain maximum efficiency. A full fridge is a healthy fridge. • Avoid putting warm or hot food in the fridge or freezer—it requires more energy to cool it down. Air Condition Unit • For Home Purpose use Window unit Instead Of Split Unit. • For Office and Commercial Purpose Use Split AC instead of Window unit. • Consider installing a programmable t. Just set the times and temperatures to match your schedule and you will save money and be comfortably cool when you return home. • Get air conditioner maintenance each year. • Checks the condenser coils, the evaporator coils, the blower wheel, the filter, the lubrication and the electrical contacts. • Replace worn and dirty equipment for maximum efficiency. • Replace air conditioner filters every month. • Turn off central air conditioning 30 minutes before leaving your home. • Consider using ceiling or portable fans to circulate and cool the air. • Try increasing your air conditioner temperature. Even 1 degree higher could mean significant savings, and you will probably not notice the difference. • Keep central air conditioner usage to a minimum—or even turn the unit off – if you plan to go away. • Consider installing a programmable thermostat. Just set the times and temperatures to match your schedule, and you will save money and be comfortably cool when you return home. • Get air conditioner maintenance each year – ensure your service person checks the condenser coils, the evaporator coils, the blower wheel, the filter, the lubrication and the electrical contacts. Replace worn and dirty equipment for maximum efficiency. • Replace air conditioner filters every month. • Buy the proper size equipment to meet your family’s needs – an oversized air conditioner unit will waste energy. • If you have a furnace, replace it at the same time as your air conditioner system. Why? Because it is your furnace fan that blows cool air around your home, and a newer furnace fan provides improved air circulation all year round, plus saves energy costs. Water Heater • Check your hot water temperature. It does not need to be any higher than 140°F for washing purposes. • Plug the basin or bath when you run any hot water. • Use a timer to make sure the heating and hot water are only on when needed. • Insulate your hot water pipes to prevent heat loss, and your water will stay hotter for longer. Plus, you will also use less energy to heat it. And simply fitting a jacket onto your hot water tank can cut waste by up to three quarters. • Take showers—a bath consumes 5 times more hot water. Buy a low-flow showerhead for more efficiency and it will pay for itself in no time. • Avoid washing dishes under hot running water, and do not pre-rinse before using the dishwasher. • Repair dripping hot water taps immediately • Make sure hot water taps are always turned off properly. Washing Machine • Wash full loads of Washing Machine—you will use your machine less often, saving time, and it is more energy-efficient. • Wash at a lower temperature or the economy setting to save even more. • Use the spin cycle, and then hang washing out rather than tumble drying—your clothes and linens will smell fresher! • If you need to tumble dry, try a lower temperature setting. • Use your dryer for consecutive loads, because the built-up heat between loads will use less energy. Oven/Electrical Cooker • Make sure your oven door closes tightly. • Use a microwave rather than conventional oven, when possible. • Keep the center of the pan over the element, and keep the lid on when cooking on the stovetop. • Only boil the amount of water that you need—just ensure there is enough water to cover the heating element. Turn the element or electric kettle down as soon as it reaches the boiling point. Computer / Laptop • Buy a laptop instead of a desktop, if practical. —-Saving Energy 5 %. • If you buy a desktop, get an LCD screen instead of an outdated CRT. • Use sleep-mode when not in use helps cut energy costs by approx 40%. • Turn off the monitor; this device alone uses more than half the system’s energy. • Screen savers save computer screens, not energy. • Use separate On/Off switch Socket Instead of One. • Laser printers use more electricity than inkjet printers. Fan • A ceiling fan in operation through out night will gobble up 22 units in a month. • There is a wrong notion that fan at more speed would consume more current. • Fan running at slow speed would waste energy as heat in the regulator. • The ordinary regulator would take 20 watts extra at low speed. • The energy loss can be compensated by using electronic regulator Buy efficient electric appliances: • They use two to 10 times less electricity for the same functionality, and are mostly higher quality products that last longer than the less efficient ones. In short, efficient appliances save you lots of energy and money. • In many countries, efficiency rating labels are mandatory on most appliances. Look Energy Star label is used. • The label gives you information on the annual electricity consumption. In the paragraphs below, we provide some indication of the consumption of the most efficient appliances to use as a rough guide when shopping. Lists of brands and models and where to find them are country-specific and so cannot be listed here, but check the links on this page for more detailed information. • Average consumption of electric appliances in different regions in the world, compared with the high efficient models on the market Ghost consumers: • Identify the “ghost consumers” which consume power – not because they are in use, but because they are plugged in and are in stand-by mode. • The TV consumes 10 watt power When It’s is in Stand by Mode. Ex. TV is in stand-by-mode for 10 hours a Day. Energy Consumption / Day= 10 X 10 = 100 Watts. = 0.1 KWH. Energy consumption / Month= 1X100X30=3000 Watts=3KWH ( Unit) . Energy Consumption in Rupees. = 3 X 4 = 12 Rs/Month. • The TV consumes 5 watt power when we don’t plug out from switch Board. Ex. TV is in un Plug Mode for 10 hours a Day. Energy Consumption / Day= 5 X 10 = 50 Watts. = 0.05 KWH. Energy consumption / Month= 1X50X30= 1500 Watts=1.5 KWH ( Unit) . Energy Consumption in Rupees. = 1.5 X 4 = 6 Rs/Month. • The cell phone charger uses 3 watt per hour when plugged. • Mosquito mats consume 5 watts per hour. • If you use an electric geyser, do not leave it in thermostat mode, for it causes standing losses of 1-1.5 units.

Gujarati

ઊર્જા વપરાશ (અને ખર્ચ) તમે ખરેખર ખબર છે કે અમે વધુ વીજળી વપરાશ અથવા વધુ ચૂકવણી કરવામાં આવે છે નથી જેટલી અમે ખરેખર તે ઉપયોગ નથી શું?

Dernière mise à jour : 2016-06-01
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Anglais

Life with a child with ADD/ADHD can be frustrating and overwhelming, but as a parent there is a lot you can do to help control and reduce the symptoms. You can help your child overcome daily challenges, channel his or her energy into positive arenas, and bring greater calm to your family. The earlier and more consistently you address your child’s problems, the greater chance they have for success in life. Helping your child with ADD/ADHD: What you need to know Children with ADD/ADHD generally have deficits in executive function: the ability to think and plan ahead, organize, control impulses, and complete tasks. That means you need to take over as the executive, providing extra guidance while your child gradually acquires executive skills of his or her own. Although the symptoms of ADD/ADHD can be nothing short of exasperating, it’s important to remember that the child with ADD/ADHD who is ignoring, annoying, or embarrassing you is not acting willfully. Kids with ADD/ADHD want to sit quietly; they want to make their rooms tidy and organized; they want to do everything their parent says to do—but they don’t know how to make these things happen. Having ADD/ADHD can be just as frustrating as dealing with someone who has it. If you keep this in mind, it will be a lot easier to respond to you child in positive, supportive ways. With patience, compassion, and plenty of support, you can manage childhood ADHD while enjoying a stable, happy home. ADD/ADHD and the family Before you can successfully parent a child with ADD/ADHD, it’s essential to understand the impact of your child’s symptoms on the family as a whole. Children with ADD/ADHD exhibit a slew of behaviors that can disrupt family life: They often don’t “hear” parental instructions, so they don’t obey them. They’re disorganized and easily distracted, keeping other family members waiting. They start projects and forget to finish them—let alone clean up after them. Children with impulsivity issues often interrupt conversations and demand attention at inappropriate times. They might speak before they think, saying tactless or embarrassing things. It’s often difficult to get them to bed and to sleep. Hyperactive children may tear around the house or even do things that put them in physical danger. The impact of ADD/ADHD on siblings Because of these behaviors, siblings of children with ADD/ADHD face a number of challenges: Their needs often get less attention than those of the child with ADD/ADHD. They may be rebuked more sharply when they err, and their successes may be less celebrated or taken for granted. They may be enlisted as assistant parents—and blamed if the sibling with ADD/ADHD misbehaves under their supervision. As a result, siblings may find their love for a brother or sister with ADD/ADHD mixed with jealousy and resentment. The impact of ADD/ADHD on parents And, of course, having a child with ADD/ADHD affects parents in many ways: The demands of a child with ADD/ADHD can be physically exhausting. The need to monitor the child’s activities and actions can be psychologically exhausting. The child’s inability to “listen” is frustrating. The child’s behaviors, and your knowledge of their consequences, can make you anxious and stressed. If there’s a basic difference between your personality and that of your child with ADD/ADHD, you may find your child’s behaviors especially difficult to accept. Frustration can lead to anger—and guilt about being angry at your child. In order to meet the challenges of raising a child with ADD/ADHD, you must to be able to master a combination of compassion and consistency. Living in a home that provides both love and structure is the best thing for a child or teenager who is learning to manage ADD/ADHD. ADD/ADHD parenting tip 1: Stay positive and healthy yourself As a parent, you set the stage for your child’s emotional and physical health. You have control over many of the factors that can positively influence the symptoms of your child’s disorder. The power of a positive attitude Your best assets for helping your child meet the challenges of ADD/ADHD are your positive attitude and common sense. When you are calm and focused, you are more likely to be able to connect with your child, helping him or her to be calm and focused as well. Keep things in perspective. Remember that your child’s behavior is related to a disorder. Most of the time it is not intentional. Hold on to your sense of humor. What’s embarrassing today may be a funny family story ten years from now. Don’t sweat the small stuff and be willing to make some compromises. One chore left undone isn’t a big deal when your child has completed two others plus the day’s homework. If you are a perfectionist, you will not only be constantly dissatisfied but also create impossible expectations for your ADD/ADHD child. Believe in your child. Think about or make a written list of everything that is positive, valuable, and unique about your child. Trust that your child can learn, change, mature, and succeed. Make thinking about this trust a daily task as you brush your teeth or make your coffee. When you take care of yourself, you’re better able to take care of your child As your child’s role model and most important source of strength, it is vital that you live healthfully. If you are overtired or have simply run out of patience, you risk losing sight of the structure and support you have so carefully set up for your child with ADD/ADHD. Take care of yourself. Eat right, exercise, and find ways to reduce stress, whether it means taking a nightly bath or practicing morning meditation. If you do get sick, acknowledge it and get help. Seek support. One of the most important things to remember in rearing a child with ADD/ADHD is that you don’t have to do it alone. Talk to your child’s doctors, therapists, and teachers. Join an organized support group for parents of children with ADHD. These groups offer a forum for giving and receiving advice, and provide a safe place to vent feelings and share experiences. Take breaks. Friends and family can be wonderful about offering to babysit, but you may feel guilty about leaving your child, or leaving the volunteer with a child with ADD/ADHD. Next time, accept their offer and discuss honestly how best to handle your child. How pets can help kids with ADHD (and their parents ) If your home life feels chaotic, you may be reluctant to add a pet to the mix. But pets come with a host of benefits for you and your child. They can help teach your kid responsibility and get him or her outside. They can also inject some much-needed fun and help the whole family blow off steam. In fact, studies show that pets can protect you from depression, stress, and even medical problems. Read: The Health Benefits of Pets ADD/ADHD parenting tip 2: Establish structure and stick to it Children with ADHD are more likely to succeed in completing tasks when the tasks occur in predictable patterns and in predictable places. Your job is to create and sustain structure in your home, so that your child knows what to expect and what they are expected to do. Tips for helping your child with ADD/ADHD stay focused and organized Follow a routine. It is important to set a time and a place for everything to help the child with ADD/ADHD understand and meet expectations. Establish simple and predictable rituals for meals, homework, play, and bed. Have your child lay out clothes for the next morning before going to bed, and make sure whatever he or she needs to take to school is in a special place, ready to grab. Use clocks and timers. Consider placing clocks throughout the house, with a big one in your child’s bedroom. Allow enough time for what your child needs to do, such as homework or getting ready in the morning. Use a timer for homework or transitional times, such between finishing up play and getting ready for bed. Simplify your child’s schedule. It is good to avoid idle time, but a child with ADHD may become more distracted and “wound up” if there are many after-school activities. You may need to make adjustments to the child’s after-school commitments based on the individual child’s abilities and the demands of particular activities. Create a quiet place. Make sure your child has a quiet, private space of his or her own. A porch or a bedroom work well too, as long as it’s not the same place as the child goes for a time-out. Do your best to be neat and organized. Set up your home in an organized way. Make sure your child knows that everything has its place. Role model neatness and organization as much as possible. Avoid problems by keeping kids with attention deficit disorder busy! For kids with ADD/ADHD, idle time may exacerbate their symptoms and create chaos in your home. It is important to keep a child with ADD/ADHD busy without piling on so many things that the child becomes overwhelmed. Sign your child up for a sport, art class, or music. At home, organize simple activities that fill up your child’s time. These can be tasks like helping you cook, playing a board game with a sibling, or drawing a picture. Try not to over-rely on the television or computer/video games as time-fillers. Unfortunately, TV and video games are increasingly violent in nature and may only increase your child’s symptoms of ADD/ADHD. ADD/ADHD parenting tip 3: Set clear expectations and rules Children with ADHD need consistent rules that they can understand and follow. Make the rules of behavior for the family simple and clear. Write down the rules and hang them up in a place where your child can easily read them. Children with ADD/ADHD respond particularly well to organized systems of rewards and consequences. It's important to explain what will happen when the rules are obeyed and when they are broken. Finally, stick to your system: follow through each and every time with a reward or a consequence. Don’t forget praise and positive reinforcement As you establish these consistent structures, keep in mind that children with ADHD often receive criticism. Be on the lookout for good behavior—and praise it. Praise is especially important for children who have ADD/ADHD because they typically get so little of it. These children receive correction, remediation, and complaints about their behavior—but little positive reinforcement. A smile, positive comment, or other reward from you can improve the attention, concentration and impulse control of your child with ADD/ADHD. Do your best to focus on giving positive praise for appropriate behavior and task completion, while giving as few negative responses as possible to inappropriate behavior or poor task performance. Reward your child for small achievements that you might take for granted in another child. Kids with ADD/ADHD: Using Rewards and Consequences Rewards Consequences Reward your child with privileges, praise, or activities, rather than with food or toys. Consequences should be spelled out in advance and occur immediately after your child has misbehaved. Change rewards frequently. Kids with ADD/ADHD get bored if the reward is always the same. Try time-outs and the removal of privileges as consequences for misbehavior. Make a chart with points or stars awarded for good behavior, so your child has a visual reminder of his or her successes. Remove your child from situations and environments that trigger inappropriate behavior. Immediate rewards work better than the promise of a future reward, but small rewards leading to a big one can also work. When your child misbehaves, ask what he or she could have done instead. Then have your child demonstrate it. Always follow through with a reward. Always follow through with a consequence. ADD/ADHD parenting tip 4: Encourage movement and sleep Physical activity can help your child with ADD/ADHD Better sleep can help your child with ADD/ADHD Children with ADD/ADHD often have energy to burn. Organized sports and other physical activities can help them get their energy out in healthy ways and focus their attention on specific movements and skills. The benefits of physical activity are endless: it improves concentration, decreases depression and anxiety, and promotes brain growth. Most importantly for children with attention deficits, however, is the fact that exercise leads to better sleep, which in turn can also reduce the symptoms of ADD/ADHD. Find a sport that your child will enjoy and that suits his or her strengths. For example, sports such as softball that involve a lot of “down time” are not the best fit for children with attention problems. Individual or team sports like basketball and hockey that require constant motion are better options. Children with ADD/ADHD may also benefit from martial arts training, tae kwon do, or yoga, which enhance mental control as they work out the body. Better sleep can help your child with ADD/ADHD Insufficient sleep can make anyone less attentive, but it can be highly detrimental for children with ADD/ADHD. Kids with ADD/ADHD need at least as much sleep as their unaffected peers, but tend not to get what they need. Their attention problems can lead to overstimulation and trouble falling asleep. A consistent, early bedtime is the most helpful strategy to combat this problem, but it may not completely solve it. Help your child get better rest by trying out one or more of the following strategies: Decrease television time and increase your child's activities and exercise levels during the day. Eliminate caffeine from your child’s diet. Create a buffer time to lower down the activity level for an hour or so before bedtime. Find quieter activities such as coloring, reading or playing quietly. Spend ten minutes cuddling with your child. This will build a sense of love and security as well as provide a time to calm down. Use lavender or other aromas in your child's room. The scent may help to calm your child. Use relaxation tapes as background noise for your child when falling asleep. There are many varieties available including nature sounds and calming music. Children with ADD/ADHD often find "white noise" to be calming. You can create white noise by putting a radio on static or running an electric fan. The benefits of “green time” in kids with attention deficit disorder Research shows that children with ADD/ADHD benefit from spending time in nature. Kids experience a greater reduction of symptoms of ADD/ADHD when they play in a park full of grass and trees than on a concrete playground. Take note of this promising and simple approach to managing ADD/ADHD. Even in cities, most families have access to parks and other natural settings. Join your children in this “green time”—you’ll also get a much-deserved breath of fresh air for yourself. ADD/ADHD parenting tip 5: Help your child eat right Diet is not a direct cause of attention deficit disorder, but food can and does affect your child's mental state, which in turn seems to affect behavior. Monitoring and modifying what, when, and how much your child eats can help decrease the symptoms of ADD/ADHD. All children benefit from fresh foods, regular meal times, and staying away from junk food. These tenets are especially true for children with ADD/ADHD, whose impulsiveness and distractedness can lead to missed meals, disordered eating, and overeating. Eating small meals more often may help your child’s ADD/ADHD Children with ADD/ADHD are notorious for not eating regularly. Without parental guidance, these children might not eat for hours and then binge on whatever is around. The result of this pattern can be devastating to the child’s physical and emotional health. Prevent unhealthy eating habits by scheduling regular nutritious meals or snacks for your child no more than three hours apart. Physically, a child with ADD/ADHD needs a regular intake of healthy food; mentally, meal times are a necessary break and a scheduled rhythm to the day. Get rid of the junk foods in your home. Put fatty and sugary foods off-limits when eating out. Turn off television shows riddled with junk-food ads. Give your child a daily vitamin-and-mineral supplement. To learn more, see Nutrition for Children and Teens. ADD/ADHD parenting tip 6: Teach your child how to make friends Tip for helping your child with ADD/ADHD stay focused and organized Children with ADD/ADHD often have difficulty with simple social interactions. They may struggle with reading social cues, talk too much, interrupt frequently, or come off as aggressive or “too intense.” Their relative emotional immaturity can make them stand out among children their own age, and make them targets for unfriendly teasing. Don’t forget, though, that many kids with ADD/ADHD are exceptionally intelligent and creative and will eventually figure out for themselves how to get along with others and spot people who aren’t appropriate as friends. Moreover, personality traits that might exasperate parents and teachers may come across to peers as funny and charming. Helping a child with attention deficit disorder improve social skills It's hard for children with ADHD to learn social skills and social rules. You can help your child with ADD/ADHD become a better listener, learn to read people’s faces and body language, and interact more smoothly in groups. Speak gently but honestly with your child about his or her challenges and how to make changes. Role-play various social scenarios with your child. Trade roles often and try to make it fun. Be careful to select playmates for your child with similar language and physical skills. Invite only one or two friends at a time at first. Watch them closely while they play. Have a zero tolerance policy for hitting, pushing and yelling in your house or yard. Make time and space for your child to play, and reward good play behaviors often.

Gujarati

યાહૂ

Dernière mise à jour : 2015-02-12
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Anglais

New Delhi, Sep 5 (IANS) In a move to deal with the situation following the Supreme Court verdict holding allocation of coal blocks since 1993 as illegal, the Power Ministry in a cabinet note has proposed pooling of imported and domestic coal for deciding the price of fuel for plants commissioned after 2009. The proposal is aimed at meeting the increasing demand for coal in a situation where imports have become essential to tide over shortages, an official source told IANS Friday. The power ministry has proposed that imported coal be supplied to power plants after pooling its price with domestic coal in case the apex court decides to cancel captive coal blocks at its hearing on Sep 9, the source said. The government has told the Supreme Court it was ready to auction the coal blocks if they are cancelled. The move follows the ministry's view that pre-2009 plants should be kept out of this arrangement as the share of the public sector is 98 percent of the total capacity. The official pointed out that the capacity created after 2009 is almost equally shared between both public and private sectors and, therefore, the price pooling mechanism would work out favourably for plants commissioned after that year. While state-miner Coal India will work out the commercial arrangement for the import and supply of coal under the price pooling, this arrangement for power projects commissioned after 2009 is expected to raise power tariffs by 74 paise in 2014-15, 44 paise in 2015-16 and five paise in 2016-17, the source added. The ministry has said that for pre-2009 plants, the coal supply must be kept at the existing level of 90 percent of the annual contracted quantity. Moreover, the arrangement will not be applicable to imported coal-based projects. Power producers have been advised to import 54 million tonnes (MT) of coal in the current fiscal to tide over domestic supply shortages. "In view of shortage of domestic coal as of now, it would not be feasible to meet 100 percent requirement of power producer (including NTPC), from domestic coal production alone," Coal and Power Minister Piyush Goyal recently told parliament in a written reply. Coal imports in the last fiscal were 168.44 MT, while in 2012-13 India imported 145.785 MT of dry fuel. The total estimated quantum of coal resources in the country is 301.56 billion tonnes, while the coal extracted during 2013-14 was 565.64 MT.

Gujarati

શુદ્ધNew Delhi, Sep 5 (IANS) In a move to deal with the situation following the Supreme Court verdict holding allocation of coal blocks since 1993 as illegal, the Power Ministry in a cabinet note has proposed pooling of imported and domestic coal for deciding the price of fuel for plants commissioned after 2009. The proposal is aimed at meeting the increasing demand for coal in a situation where imports have become essential to tide over shortages, an official source told IANS Friday. The power ministry has proposed that imported coal be supplied to power plants after pooling its price with domestic coal in case the apex court decides to cancel captive coal blocks at its hearing on Sep 9, the source said. The government has told the Supreme Court it was ready to auction the coal blocks if they are cancelled. The move follows the ministry's view that pre-2009 plants should be kept out of this arrangement as the share of the public sector is 98 percent of the total capacity. The official pointed out that the capacity created after 2009 is almost equally shared between both public and private sectors and, therefore, the price pooling mechanism would work out favourably for plants commissioned after that year. While state-miner Coal India will work out the commercial arrangement for the import and supply of coal under the price pooling, this arrangement for power projects commissioned after 2009 is expected to raise power tariffs by 74 paise in 2014-15, 44 paise in 2015-16 and five paise in 2016-17, the source added. The ministry has said that for pre-2009 plants, the coal supply must be kept at the existing level of 90 percent of the annual contracted quantity. Moreover, the arrangement will not be applicable to imported coal-based projects. Power producers have been advised to import 54 million tonnes (MT) of coal in the current fiscal to tide over domestic supply shortages. "In view of shortage of domestic coal as of now, it would not be feasible to meet 100 percent requirement of power producer (including NTPC), from domestic coal production alone," Coal and Power Minister Piyush Goyal recently told parliament in a written reply. Coal imports in the last fiscal were 168.44 MT, while in 2012-13 India imported 145.785 MT of dry fuel. T

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