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Anglais

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Anglais

i know little bit kannada

Kannada

ನನಗೆ ಸ್ವಲ್ಪ ಕನ್ನಡ ಗೊತ್ತು

Dernière mise à jour : 2020-01-08
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Anglais

i can speak little kannada

Kannada

ನಾನು ಸ್ವಲ್ಪ ಕನ್ನಡ ಗೊತ್ತು

Dernière mise à jour : 2015-10-26
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Anglais

SO LITTLE WHEN SOMEONE MEANS SO MUCH

Kannada

ಯಾರಾದರೂ ತುಂಬಾ ಅರ್ಥ ಮಾಡಿದಾಗ ವಿಲಕ್ಷಣ ಸ್ವಲ್ಪ ಅರ್ಥ

Dernière mise à jour : 2017-07-15
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Anglais

A little program to output installation paths

Kannada

ಅನುಸ್ಥಾಪನಾ ಪಥಗಳನ್ನು (installation paths) ಉತ್ಪನ್ನವಾಗಿ (output) ನೀಡುವ ಒಂದು ಚಿಕ್ಕ ಕ್ರಮವಿಧಿ

Dernière mise à jour : 2011-10-23
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Anglais

kannada letter writing format for a little sister

Kannada

ಸ್ವಲ್ಪ ಸಹೋದರಿಗಾಗಿ ಅಕ್ಷರದ ಅಕ್ಷರದ ಬರವಣಿಗೆಯ ಸ್ವರೂಪ

Dernière mise à jour : 2018-04-20
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Anglais

the sun's golden rays across the lake just as the wind passed the the clear blue water. The water shinned and shimmered in the sunlight as the subtle little creatures came out to bask in the beauty of the sky

Kannada

ಸೂರ್ಯನ ಸುವರ್ಣ ಕಿರಣಗಳು ಸರೋವರದ ಸುತ್ತಲೂ ಗಾಳಿಯು ಸ್ಪಷ್ಟ ನೀಲಿ ನೀರನ್ನು ಅಂಗೀಕರಿಸಿದಂತೆಯೇ. ಆಕಾಶದ ಸೌಂದರ್ಯದಲ್ಲಿ ಸೂಕ್ಷ್ಮವಾದ ಸಣ್ಣ ಜೀವಿಗಳು ಬಿಸಿಲು ಹೊರಬಂದಂತೆ ನೀರು ಸೂರ್ಯನ ಬೆಳಕಿನಲ್ಲಿ shinned ಮತ್ತು shimmered

Dernière mise à jour : 2018-06-24
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Anglais

A young man with no intensions but to survive, and fight for every second of his life, in order to pursue a life of happiness for himself and his family is my role model, Kamel Daifi, my father. His struggled at the age of fourteen, impacted my life. After reading the book, A School For My Village, written by Twesigye Jackson Kaguri with Susan Urbanek Linville, found my fathers past experiences similar to those orphans who struggled and accounted by Mr. Kaguri in A School For My Village. My father was a child of twelve kids (five brothers and seven sisters). He was raised in a little house with all his brothers and sisters in a small city in Beirut, Lebanon. He was poor, not educated, schools closing due to civil wars, no jobs nor money. Mr. Kaguri and my father had similar goals to pursue happiness not upon themselves but others who are in desperate need of help. My father and Mr. Kaguri are similar due to the goal to help others who cannot support ones self and the religious belief of having faith in god whether it’s a good consequence or bad in their lives. Hearing my fathers life the day of graduation, gave me an understanding of how lucky I am to come to America and be provided with schools, healthcare, and to experience the term “land of opportunity”. (chapter 1, page 5 6), Mr. Kaguri says, “In 1989, they had no electricity, no water, minimal health care, and unaffordable education”. My father, having nothing to depend on for the future, gave him dedication to become an entrepreneur and help others. Mr. Kaguri and my father grew up poor. They’re main goal was to help others and want to represent himself as an example to the world. My father left Lebanon at the age of twenty two, to begin working for a restaurant owner in Saudi Arabia. He worked twenty two hour shifts to provide money to support his family at home and our very own home of coarse. My father’s family has many health problems, which they could not... Continue Reading

Kannada

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Dernière mise à jour : 2019-01-03
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Anglais

The Sun in the center of our solar system is a yellow dwarf star. It gives off energy as light. That includes light, infra red energy (heat), ultraviolet light and radio waves. It also gives off a stream of particles, which reaches Earth as "solar wind". The source of all this energy is the reaction in the star which turns hydrogen into helium and makes huge amounts of energy. Observation data Average distance from Earth 1.496×108 km 8 min 19 s at light speed Visual brightness (V) −26.74 True brightness 4.83 Angular size 31.6–32.7′ Adjective Solar Orbit and rotation Average distance from Milky Way center ≈ 2.7×1017 km 27,200 light years Velocity ≈ 220 km/s (orbit around the center of the Milky Way) ≈ 20 km/s (relative to average velocity of other stars nearby) ≈ 370 km/s (relative to the cosmic microwave background) Obliquity 7.25° (to the ecliptic) 67.23° (to the galactic plane) Rotation velocity 7.189×103 km/h Physical characteristics Equatorial radius 696,342±65 km 109 × Earth Equatorial circumference 4.379×106 km 109 × Earth Flattening 9×10−6 Surface area 6.09×1012 km2 12,000 × Earth Volume 1.41×1018 km3 1,300,000 × Earth Mass (1.PROTECTED±0.PROTECTED)×1030 kg 333,000 × Earth Average density 1.408 g/cm3 0.255 × Earth Surface gravity 274.0 m/s2 27.94 g 27,542.29 cgs 28 × Earth Escape velocity (from the surface) 617.7 km/s 55 × Earth Temperature Center: 1.57×107 K Photosphere: 5,778 K Corona: ≈ 5×106 K Luminosity (Lsol) 3.846×1026 W Age ≈4.6 billion years The Sun is a star like many others in our Milky Way galaxy. It has existed for a little over 4.5 billion years, and is going to continue for at least as long. The Sun is about a hundred times as wide as the Earth. It has a mass of 1.9891×1030 kg, which is 333,000 times the mass of the Earth. The Earth can also fit inside the Sun 1.3 million times.

Kannada

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Anglais

DEBBY: Is this the Professor What set? PROFESSOR: Absobloodylootely. DEBBY: What a minute, are you Professor What? PROFESSOR: I am today and was yesterday, but maybe not tomorrow. DEBBY: That’s one of your catch phrases, isn’t it? PROFESSOR: Hard to say. I have so many. Doesn’t really feel like a catchphrase if I’ve only said it once or twice, but it works on a shirt, so that’s all the matters really. (DOTTY rushes in carrying her costume) DOTTY: Is this the Professor Why show set? DEBBY: What. DOTTY: I said, is this the Professor Why set? (PROFESSOR WHAT laughs and exits) DEBBY: No, it’s “What.” DOTTY: What? DEBBY: Yes. DOTTY: Why? DEBBY: I don’t know. It just is. DOTTY: What? DEBBY: Yes. DOTTY: What are you talking about? DEBBY: No, who am I talking about. DOTTY: Who? DEBBY: Yes. DOTTY: What? DEBBY: Right. DOTTY: Whatever. DEBBY: That’s one of his catchphrases. DOTTY: Who? DEBBY: Professor What. DOTTY: Oh! DEBBY: Get it? DOTTY: Got it. DEBBY: Good. DOTTY: Where are we? DEBBY: They’re about the shoot a scene with Gretta Griffin. DOTTY: The famous child actress? She’s on this show? DEBBY: She’s a guest star. She’ll be on a few episodes this coming season. DOTTY: That’s so cool. I wondered what happened to her. I don’t think I’ve seen her in anything as an adult. DEBBY: Maybe she’ll be one of those child actors who actually makes it. DOTTY: That must be so hard to get all that attention when you’re a kid and then become yesterday’s news when you’re an adult. DEBBY: I hear it’s a pretty rough way to grow up. DOTTY: It is still cool to be in a scene with her even though she’s not as famous now. I wonder if she still looks the same. DEBBY: As when she was a kid? I hope not. That would be a weird looking adult. DOTTY: Here she comes. She does look a little bit the same. DEBBY: Yeah, kind of. Weird. (GRETTA enters looking grumpy and annoyed followed by the director, HARVEY) GRETTA: You all better be ready. I don’t want to be working on this scene all day. (SYLVIA joins HARVEY and PROFESSOR WHAT readies himself for his entrance) HARVEY: Here we go. Quiet on set everyone. Rolling. Action. (GRETTA suddenly turns sad and vulnerable. She takes out a handheld recorder) GRETTA: Why did you leave me here?! I didn’t ask for this. You drag me on some adventure and then drop me off with no clue how to get back. That’s just great. Wonderful! I’m so glad I was spontaneous and rushed off for something exciting and mysterious. How could I be so stupid?! I didn’t even know you that well. Sure, you were cute… and fun. And made me laugh. But I didn’t really know anything about you. You offered me something I never had before though… freedom. I was trapped in my life. I didn’t think there was ever a way out. It’s strange how easily we get trapped in our lives. You get things you want, but then you become a slave to those things, having to make payments, having to keep them repaired, and then paying more money to fix or replace them. Nothing is ever paid for. Or on those rare occasions where you do pay something off, then it breaks soon after, or some new flashy model comes along that you have to have. I guess that’s what you were. You were some flashy new model that got my attention and offered me something better. But that’s all you were… flash. Flash and no substance. You gave up on me

Kannada

ಪರಿಸರದ ಬಗ್ಗೆ ಸಣ್ಣ ನಾಟಕ ಸ್ಕ್ರಿಪ್ಟ್

Dernière mise à jour : 2018-03-08
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Anglais

essay on environment HOW TO CELEBRATE WORLD ENVIRONMENT DAY A GUIDE TO MAKING 5 JUNE 2015 A SUCCESS! Who this toolkit is for. • Want to know what WED is about? • Need ideas on how to celebrate or start preparing? • Want to know what others are doing to celebrate this year? • Want to make your actions count? This toolkit is right for you! There is an alarmingly high rate of unsustainable consumption of resources as, exemplified in the areas of food, water and energy. Largely driven by increasing household incomes (particularly in cities), the current collective lifestyles of people all over the world exceed our planet’s regenerative capacity to replenish natural resources. Today the human race consumes resources the equivalent of 1.5 planets. This means it now takes one year and six months for the Earth to regenerate what we use in a year. If current consumption and production patterns remain the same, and with a rising population, we will need two planets by 2030 to sustain our ways of living and consumption. This year’s theme for WED – Seven Billion Dreams. One Planet. Consume with Care – expresses the challenge of creating opportunities for inclusive and sustainable economic development while attempting to stabilise the rate of resource use and reduce environmental impacts. For all seven billion of us, our present and our future depend on the sustainable consumption of our planet’s resources. On WED, let us pledge one less thing we will do without, in order to restore our planet’s natural regenerative ability? This guide is designed to inspire you with exciting ideas and we’ll give you practical suggestions for organising your event. Make your environment efforts known by celebrating WED and registering them on our website – www.unep.org/wed WELCOME! Welcome to your quick guide to celebrating World Environment Day (WED) on 5 June, 2015. WHY CELEBRATE WORLD ENVIRONMENT DAY? When we see or experience the negative effects of climate change, environmental degradation or resource depletion it is easy to blame others - governments for not prioritising environmental policy; corporate organisations for raising greenhouse gas emissions; NGOs for not lobbying strongly enough for the environment; and individuals for not taking action. World Environment Day however is a day we put aside our differences and instead celebrate the achievements we’ve made towards protecting the environment. By celebrating WED, we remind ourselves and others of the importance of caring for our environment. Remember that every action counts, so join us: every year, everywhere, everyone! THEME RATIONALE Sustainable consumption can be described as “the use of goods and services that respond to basic needs and bring a better quality of life, while minimising the use of natural resources, toxic materials and emissions of waste and pollutants over the life-cycle, so as not to jeopardise the needs of future generations” (Oslo Symposium, 1994). ABOUT WED World Environment Day (WED) is the United Nations’ campaign for encouraging worldwide awareness and action for the environment. It was established by the United Nations General Assembly to mark the opening of the 1972 Stockholm Conference on the Human Environment. Over the years it has grown to be a global platform for public outreach that is widely celebrated by stakeholders in over 100 countries. It also serves as the people’s day for doing something positive for the environment, inspiring individual actions into a collective power that generates an exponential positive impact on the planet. WED is celebrated around the world in many ways, including street rallies, bicycle parades, green concerts, essay and poster competitions in schools, tree planting, recycling efforts, clean-up campaigns and much more. CURRENT RATE OF NATURAL RESOURCE CONSUMPTION By 2050, humanity could devour about 140 billion tons of minerals, ores, fossil fuels and biomass per year – three times its current appetite – unless economic growth rate is ‘decoupled’ from the rate of natural resource use. Over 60 percent of the ecosystems and their services upon which we rely are degraded, overexploited or already lost. With an additional 3 billion middle class consumers expected to enter the global economy by 2030, more natural resources will be lost forever if ‘business-as-usual’ prevails. Evidence is building that people are consuming far more natural resources than what the planet can sustainably provide. The well-being of humanity, the environment, and the functioning of the economy, ultimately depend upon the responsible management of the planet’s natural resources. Many of the Earth’s ecosystems are nearing critical tipping points of depletion or irreversible change, pushed by high population growth and economic development. The WED 2015 campaign therefore captures sustainable consumption in the context of the planet’s regenerative capacity. Supported by the slogan – Seven Billion Dreams. One Planet. Consume with Care – WED this year therefore aims to raise awareness on the unsustainable rate at which we are consuming the planet’s resources, and shift individual and collective behaviour towards sustainable lifestyles. FOOD While substantial environmental impacts from food occur in the production phase (agriculture, food processing), households influence these impacts through their dietary choices and habits. This consequently affects the environment through food-related energy consumption and waste generation. ENERGY Despite technological advances that have promoted energy efficiency gains, energy use in OECD countries will continue to grow another 35%[ERROR] by 2020. Commercial and residential energy use is the second most rapidly growing area of global energy use after transport. In 2002 the motor vehicle stock in OECD countries was 550 million vehicles (75%[ERROR] of which were personal cars). A 32%[ERROR] increase in vehicle ownership is expected by 2020. At the same time, motor vehicle kilometres are projected to increase by 40%[ERROR] and global air travel is projected to triple in the same period. WATER Even though households are relatively low consumers of water, population growth and expanded water use have outweighed the effect of water saving technology and behaviour. THREE MAIN AREAS OF HOUSEHOLD CONSUMPTION Environmental pressures will intensify in three areas of household consumption. PLANNING FOR WED? 5 QUICK STEPS 1 DETERMINE THE INTERESTS FOR WED Discuss the possibility of organising an event around WED with your colleagues, your community, environmental co-ordinators, other NGOs and local government. Brainstorm on possible areas of interest. Review any past experiences with WED or similar events. See unep.org/wed 2 DETERMINE WHAT ACTIVITIES ARE PLANNED AT THE NATIONAL LEVEL Find out what is being prepared for celebrations at the international, regional and national levels – unep.org/wed/regional-features. Speak with organisers of these events and see how you can support them. 3 LINK THE WED THEME TO YOUR ACTIVITIES The official theme for 2015 is Seven Billion Dreams. One Planet. Consume with Care. This theme reflects challenge of creating opportunities for inclusive and sustainable economic development while attempting to stabilise the rate of resource use and reduce environmental impacts. This year’s theme gives you plenty of room to be creative. Figure out clever ways to link your activities to the official theme! Think of punchy messaging that will attract the most attention and motivate others to get involved! 4 PREPARE A PLAN Early planning is essential to your success. Draw up a basic plan of action for discussion with friends, colleagues or senior management. Set objectives and determine a preliminary series of activities as well as a provisional timetable. Make sure you get permission or clearance from your relevant local authorities well in advance – especially if you are planning public demonstrations or other open activities – to avoid disappointment on the day of celebration. Seek partnerships and possible financial support for your activities (e.g. local companies to help you print t-shirts, caps, posters and banners with WED messaging). Download artwork from the WED website multimedia section. 5 CELEBRATE WITH US This is the most important step of your planning. Why celebrate alone? You can get instant visibility for your activities by registering them on our website. Also think of smart, quirky or funny ways to motivate people around you. Invite the local media to your event! Engage leaders, celebrities and government officials that will help attract the media! NEED TO USE THE WED LOGO? Download the WED logo and style guide from the multimedia section of unep.org/wed. The logo is available in the official UN languages: Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish WHO DO I SPEAK TO IF I NEED MORE INFORMATION? Our website www.unep.org/wed is a great place to begin but feel free to talk to us in person. Contact: Ms. Lucita Jasmin Division of Communications and Public Information United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Tel: 254-20-7623401 /7621551 Email: worldenvironmentday@unep.org THIS SOUNDS EXPENSIVE Participation in World Environment Day does not require a huge financial investment. WED is a people’s event so the objective is to get everyone to participate in one way or another. By including local communities and other partners in your WED events, the possibilities of finding interested sponsors are more likely. All you need is passion for the cause, and well-planned activities. Good luck! SUGGESTED WAYS OF CELEBRATING WORLD ENVIRONMENT DAY Various events and practical activities, identified below, highlight what actions can be taken to celebrate WED. This list is not exhaustive and many activities may spring to mind that will be better suited to your local needs and conditions. If each of us contributes a little to this celebration, it will be a far greater success. The most important goal of this day is to raise awareness on the rate of overconsumption in the areas of food, energy and water. • Arts and Crafts Exhibitions/ Film Festivals • Ceremonies and Celebrities • Competitions • Concerts • Demonstration Activities • Drama and Poetry • Environmental Education and Awareness-Raising • Flash Mobs • Information Kits • Online and Social Media Activities • Publicity and Media Coverage • Sports Activities • Other Ideas: create your own ideas and guidelines, and submit to us! ARTS AND CRAFTS EXHIBITIONS/ FILM FESTIVALS What is involved? Why support this activity? • Paintings related to any of the main areas of household consumption: food, energy and water. • Displays of pottery, wooden figurines, stone articles, grass baskets, clothes etc. • Demonstration on how energy-saving stoves are manufactured and maintained. • Crafts made with recycled materials, e.g. plastics or tins. • Posters and photo exhibitions carrying the essence of consumption levels in food, energy and water. • Screening of compelling films on the environment made by different communities. • Art uses symbolic messages to capture an audience and communicate a message in unconventional ways. What begins as an appreciation for art could develop into a true passion for the environment. • Many art forms use environmentally sustainable and natural resources that complement the objectives of your exhibit. • Film, as a medium, engages all people without necessarily being limited by literacy levels. Films can attract large crowds. How to organise it? • Decide what will happen with the artwork or films you will collect, whether the artists maintain rights or if you will use them for promotion afterwards. Seek legal advice concerning rights if you intend to use the artwork beyond your exhibition and especially if there will be a commercial aspect. • After you have decided on your theme and identified partners (including sponsors) publish a call for submissions in your local news outlets. • Consider a prize for winners. • Select a jury from reputable and or renowned artists and filmmakers. • Set up displays of arts and crafts of various cultural/local origins. ARTS AND CRAFTS EXHIBITIONS/ FILM FESTIVALS Participation/ Partnerships/ Sponsors • Invite your local community to submit artwork. • Encourage the participation of marginalised groups (e.g. women, children and orphans) by creating appropriate categories for their submissions. • If local authorities, government, implementing partners, or conservation agencies are receptive to your concept, bring them on board as partners. • Seek sponsorship from governments, agencies, museums, existing film festivals and the corporate sector (arts and crafts or ethnological museums/funds could be interested). • Invite the media, advertise, take pictures, and register activity on the WED website. • Download the WED logo and posters, and clearly display them on the day to give your event context – unep.org/wed. How to organise it? (continued) CEREMONIES AND CELEBRITIES What is involved? Why support this activity? • A speech on the environment, focusing on the WED theme and with special emphasis on the environmental challenges in the community and their possible solutions. • Identify and approach a goodwill ambassador that is well known by your target audience. • The involvement of prominent local personalities who are authoritative voices on the environment could lend credibility to your event. • You can reach a large number of people in a short time, which makes sponsorship and media coverage more likely. • The presence of a celebrity attracts attention from the media and a crowd. The media acts as a multiplier for your efforts through their ability to increase attention towards your efforts. How to organise it? • Your primary objective is to add significance to WED by encouraging governments, local authorities, communities or corporate organisations to announce new environmental commitments, targets, policies or programmes on the day itself. This means you must conduct ground research in order to make meaningful suggestions to your target authority. Once you have ‘sold them’ to your idea, convince them to announce it at a ceremony on World Environment Day. • It is common to mark a special event like WED with a ceremony or presentation. It can be short, with introductory speeches by celebrities, politicians or sponsors. • Invite government representatives, local authorities or respected persons from your local community. • Enlist your partners and sponsors to help organise and publicise the ceremony. • Make sure your celebrities are well-briefed in advance and that they re-iterate your planned messages. CEREMONIES AND CELEBRITIES Participation/ Partnerships/ Sponsors • Ideally, the speech venue should be open to all. • Partner with governments, ministries, implementing agencies, as well as with local businesses (present them with an opportunity to use their company logos). They may also be willing to provide some form of sponsorship. Investigate the core principles of each institution and ensure they tally with your ideas before requesting funding. • Invite the media! – unep.org/wed. Don’t expect them to show up on their own. Prepare a media pack: a few fact sheets or notes that you will give away to the media. If you have a specific message that you would like them to carry, make sure that you spell this out in the media pack. This way they will have the necessary details to write or film a piece on your event. Come up with catchy short phrases that the press can quote. Remember to give background information on your objectives, supported by facts. • Download the WED logo and posters, and clearly display them on the day to give your event context – unep.org/wed. How to organise it? (continued) What is involved? Why support this activity? How to organise it? Participation/ Partnerships/ Sponsors • Drawing, painting, films and essay competitions on issues of over consumption in areas of food, energy and water. Note: Where funds permit, small awards such as t-shirts, stickers or pens are ideal prizes for successful participants. Winners of contests should receive some sort of public recognition and prize. • Competitions are an ideal ways to engage and involve young people especially in celebrations of this nature. • Competitions encourage people to think of their own actions, how these might impact the environment, and what steps they might take to change their behaviour. Set guidelines and rules for the competition, stating who can participate. Ensure that your competition entry guidelines emphasize the WED theme. • Make sure you advertise widely in order to enrich the quality of your entries. Target schools, for example. • Decide on a reward for winners that will make it worthwhile for participants. • Set up a jury with, preferably, experts in the field of competition. • The process should be as transparent as possible ensure successful results. • Include students and youth groups in competitions. • Partnerships can be sought with agencies working with education, local schools and teachers. COMPETITIONS CONCERTS What is involved? Why support this activity? How to organise it? Participation/ Partnerships/ Sponsors • Performances of musicians and artists. • Green concerts: have low energy consumption or mechanisms to offset (such as asking audience to walk, cycle or take public transport to the event and using only food packaging that is recyclable). • Concert with musical instruments made from natural resources. • Play music related to the theme. • Music is a good way to attract people. • Music crosses barriers, and so it can help to open discussions on difficult issues. • Music enhances the ambience of a gathering. • Hire musicians and prepare a stage where they can perform. • Include a well-known musician from the hosting community or country. • Try to include other artists (e.g. acrobats and fire-walkers) while the music plays to make it an audio-visual show. • Include visibility material around the stage (like WED posters and banners, downloadable from the WED website) and include short speeches on the purpose of the event at the beginning of the show. • By inviting local musicians you can rally up a big crowd and foster goodwill with the local community. • Partnerships can be found within government or local businesses (display their logo on the stage, together with WED visibility material). • Seek sponsorship by partnering with organisations and availing advertising opportunities. • Charge an entry fee to offset the cost of your event. DEMONSTRATION ACTIVITIES What is involved? Why support this activity? • Display of posters on positive actions we can take to reduce food, energy and water consumption. • Awareness-raising of the value of natural resources (prevention of pollution, careful use/reuse of water, identifying certified forest products etc.) • Workshop on how different resources can be used in several ways and several times (e.g. washing, cleaning or watering plants with grey water, i.e. water that has already been used for something else and is no longer considered safe for consumption). • Demonstration can include the building of fuel-efficient stoves, alternative fuels, additional use of good cooking/fire management practices, the sustainable agriculture, sustainable use of forest resources; fish farming techniques, school or kitchen gardens. • Demonstration activities can be both instructive and entertaining, for local communities. • They are often the best way of introducing new ideas and sharing knowledge and experience: people are more comfortable using new techniques once they can see that others have benefited from them. • Demonstration a

Kannada

ಪರಿಸರದ ಮೇಲೆ ಪ್ರಬಂಧ

Dernière mise à jour : 2017-08-31
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Anglais

A Hobby is a regular activity that is done for enjoyment, typically during one's leisure time. Hobbies can include collecting themed items and objects, engaging in creative and artistic pursuits, playing sports, or pursuing other amusements. A list of hobbies is lengthy and always changing as interests and fashionschange. By continually participating in a particular hobby, one can acquire substantial skill and knowledge in that area. Engagement in hobbies has increased since the late nineteenth century as workers have more leisure time and advancing production and technology have provided more support for leisure activities. As some hobbies have become less popular, like stamp collecting, others have been created following technological advances, like video games. Hobbyists are a part of a wider group of people engaged in leisure pursuits where the boundaries of each group overlap to some extent. The Serious Leisure Perspective[1]groups hobbyists with amateurs and volunteers and identifies three broad groups of leisure activity with hobbies being found mainly in the Serious leisure category. a. Casual leisure is intrinsically rewarding, short-lived, pleasurable activity requiring little or no preparation b. Serious leisure is the systematic pursuit of an amateur, hobbyist, or volunteer that is substantial, rewarding and results in a sense of accomplishment

Kannada

कन्नड़ निबंध havyasagalu

Dernière mise à jour : 2017-08-28
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Référence: Mangeshrao@gmail.com

Anglais

Everyone knows on November 14th we celebrate National Children’s day throughout the country. We celebrate this day on occasion of Jawaharlal Nehru birthday. It is also known as Bal diwas. People called Nehru as chachaji, he like kids very much, so on his birthday govt declared as children’s day.On this day every child should know their freedom of rights. Education is the primary right for the every kid, and every child should be educated. According to the information, they are 10.12 million children who are working as child labor.Education is the important factor to develop our nation. Whenever the country is educated, development will be done automatically. These child labor cases are mainly recorded in the states of Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra. About half of the child labor are in these states only.Future doctors, engineers, lawyers are working in the fields for their basic needs. Then what is the solution for this problem? All people must join their hands to eradicate this problem. The government has introduced many schemes to get rid of this issue and all educated people should conduct campaigns to get awareness in all people. Kids are not meant for working, they have to enjoy their childhood. With a little effort we can give their childhood back.

Kannada

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Anglais

This month's bird is the Koel. The koels are very active this time of the year as a lot of trees and shrubs will be in fruit. The crows are also building their nests and the koels are busy looking for one to lay their eggs. The name Koel is more familiar to Indians than the actual bird. It is always compared to sweet voiced singers. Koels find mention in a lot old Hindi poetry and Kannada poetry and songs. It is called Kogilay in Kannada language. A crow sized glistening black iridescent bird with a shrill KikoooooK....kikoooook ...kikook call repeated several times in trees betrays the presence the bird. They are found in rural as well as urban areas on tall treetops feeding on berries and fruits. In fact it is one of the major seed dispersal agent for a lot of species of trees and shrubs. The females are very different in coloration with brown body parts and heavily barred and spotted in white. Their red glistening eyes are unique. The beak is greenish yellow. They are found singly or in pairs during the mating season. The koel is distributed through the country. Their flight is straight and fast. When one male is calling other males join in from different trees until there is a full chorus of cuckoo calls. The earliest bird heard in the morning is the koel. Nesting season is similar to the house and jungle crows because the koel always lay their eggs in a crows nest for the stupid crow- with all its fame as being the most intelligent bird, plays foster parent to the young. The female koel is even observed to push out the host's eggs and lay her eggs. Eggs are similar to that of the crow, pale greyish green with speckles, but a little smaller. The female koel lays large number of eggs in different crows nests to make sure. Different females also lay eggs in the same crows nest and this may be the reason to believe that the koel herself lays a lot of eggs. This fact has to be scientifically either confirmed or disproved. Koel is a much mentioned bird in songs and considered the heralder of spring and plenty. Let us Admire and Protect this bird both for poetry's sake and more importantly for their role in seed distributing of various trees and shrubs.

Kannada

ಕೋಗಿಲೆ ಹಕ್ಕಿ

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DR. RAJENDRA PRASAD Dr. Rajendra Prasad was born on December 3, 1884 and died on February 28, 1963 ong before the Gandhian era had set in, there was born on 3 December, 1884, in an obscure village in the Saran district of North Bihar, Rajendra Prasad, whose life was to be an embodiment of the Gandhian principles. He was to Gandhiji, to quote Sarojini Naidu, what John was to Christ. Jawaharlal called him the symbol of Bharat and found "truth looking at you through those eyes". As early as 1922, C.R. Das, the President of the Gaya session of the Indian National Congress, remarked, trial "At the moment Rajendra Prasad appears to be the sole excuse for a further honest trial of Gandhism to solve a political problem". When this view was reported to Motilal Nehru in January 1923, his reaction was almost identical: "Das is certainly correct. We have given a fair trial to Gandhism for over two years. It seems to me that the only good result it has yielded - I do not say it will not yield better or more results - is Babu Rajendra Prasad". Four year later Vithalbhai Patel remarked, "The one argument against the discontinuance of the Gandhian cult is Rajendra Prasad". Gandhiji himself once said of him : "There is at least one man who would not hesitate to take the cup of poison from my hands". No wonder Gunther called him the heart of the Congress organization. Another publicist wrote that Mahatma Gandhi with his uncanny insight picked out and groomed three of his colleagues for important roles in national life. In Jawaharlal he saw the dynamism of youth that never ages and a soaring idealism intent on a synthesis of ethical values and socio-economic objectives of modern revolutions. In Sardar he saw the great pragmatist and the man of iron will who knew how to get things done. In Rajendra Prasad he saw a great deal of himself. Rajendra Prasad's great uncle, Chaudhur Lal, built fortunes of the family, a zamindari income of Rs.7,000/- per year and substantial farm lands. He was the Dewan of the Hathwa Raj, highly respected by all, honest, loyal and efficient. Rajendra Prasad's father, Mahadev Sahay, was a country gentleman, a scholar of Persian and Sanskrit. His hobbies were wrestling and horticulture and he took delight in providing free Ayurvedic and Unani treatment to patients who flocked to him. Rajendra Prasad's mother, Kamleshwari Devi, was a devout lady who would not give up her evening bath and Pooja even though plagued by a cough which eventually proved fatal. Every day she would tell stories from the Ramayana to young Rajendra, as he huddled close to her, eager and receptive, waiting for the light of dawn to peep into the windowless bedroom of the old-fashioned house. No wonder the Ramayana by Tulsidas became his constant companion, though he loved to browse occasionally on the Upanishads and other scriptures also. The family shunned ostentations, lived simply and mixed freely with the co-villagers. Disparities were not irritating. There was a sense of community, fellow-feeling and kindliness. All shared in the festivals and the Poojas. The flow of village life was quiet and gentle. All this left a deep impression on young Rajendra's mind. The village came to symbolize peace and repose. At the age of five young Rajendra was, according to the practice in the community to which he belonged, put under a Maulavi who taught him Persian. Later, he was taught Hindi and arithmetic. After the completion of this traditional education he was put in the Chapra Zilla School, from which he moved to R.K. Ghosh's Academy in Patna in order to be with his only brother, Mahendra Prasad, who was eight years older than him and who had joined the Patna College. When Mahendra Prasad moved to Calcutta in 1897, Rajendra was admitted into the Hathwa High School. Soon he rejoined the Chapra Zilla School, from where he passed the Entrance examination of the Calcutta University at the age of eighteen, in 1902, standing first in the first division. When it is remembered that the educational jurisdiction of the Calcutta University extended from Sadiya, the easternmost frontier of British India, to a little beyond Peshawar on the north-west, the feat appears truly remarkable. He had been married for five years at that time. His wife Rajbanshi Devi was a true-to-tradition Hindu lady, merging her identity totally in that of the husband. After passing the Entrance examination Rajendra Prasad joined the Presidency College, Calcutta, and both brothers lived together for a time in room of the Eden Hindu Hostel. A plaque still commemorates his stay, for practically the whole of his University career, in that room. Not many from Bihar had joined that metropolitan institution. But, before long, Rajendra Prasad gained immense popularity. This was demonstrated in a remarkable early moment in 1904 when as a Third year student he won in the first annual election for the post of Secretary of the College Union against a senior student belonging to a rich aristocratic family of Calcutta. Those were days when junior students did not speak to their seniors unless spoken to. Rajendra Prasad had, moreover, neither sought nor worked for the post. Dr. P.K. Roy, the Principal, in whose presence the election had taken place by show of hands, was astounded by the result, more than a thousand against seven, and enquired as to what made Rajendra Prasad so popular. The great scientist Jagadish Chandra Bose and the highly respected P.C. Ray wanted him to offer Science, but he preferred Arts, for though he had topped in I.A. he had not topped in the Science subjects. While his remarkable distinguished academic career continued and he capped it with a First in the M.A. and a First in Master of Law, other ideas occupied his mind and heart. He had been initiated into the cult of 'Swadeshi' by his elder brother, even before his arrival in Calcutta. Now he joined, while in B.A. (Hons.) Class, the Dawn Society run by Satish Chandra Mukherjee, Sister Nivedita, Surendranath Banerjea and many other luminaries gave discourses here. There were debating and essay-writing competitions and he bagged many of the prizes. A new awareness was dawning on him. The anti-partition agitation stirred him. The processions, the slogans, the speeches touched new chords. He collected the Bihari students in Calcutta and they conducted activities similar to those conducted by the Dawn Society. The formation of the Bihari Students' Conference followed in 1908. It was the first organization of its kind in the whole of India. It not only led to an awakening, it nurtured and produced practically the entire political leadership of the twenties in Bihar. At the time he set himself up as a legal practitioner in Calcutta in 1911, apprenticed to Khan Bahadur Shamsul Huda, he also joined the Indian National Congress and was elected to the A.I.C.C. A year earlier, he impressed Sir Asutosh Mukherjee so deeply that the latter offered him a Lectureship in the Presidency Law College. Gopal Krishna Gokhale, the greatest political leader of India in those days, had met him in Calcutta a year earlier and had exhorted him to join the Servants of India Society in Poona. Due to lack of good management the family estate was in bad shape and Rajendra Prasad was looked upon as the retriever. But had had no doubts about what he should do. Though he could not bring himself to have a straight talk with Mahendra Prasad, his elder brother, he sought his permission and blessing to join Gokhale through a letter in which he gave vent to his innermost thoughts. "Ambitions I have none," he had concluded, "except to be of some service to the Motherland". The shock and the anguish of his brother, however, held him to the family. About that time his mother died and his only sister Bhagwati Devi, fifteen years older than him, returned to her parents' home, a widow at nineteen, and in a way, took the place of his mother. In 1916 Rajendra Prasad shifted to Patna on the establishment of the High Court of Bihar and Orissa. Soon, he succeeded in gaining a marked ascendancy, not only over the clients and his colleagues at the Bar, but even more so on the Judges. His incisive intellect and phenomenal memory were no doubt great assets, but what really established his supremacy, over the minds of the judges in particular, was his innate integrity and purity of character, his inability to stoop to any tactics to score a point, to win a case. Often enough when his adversary failed to cite a precedent, the Judges asked Rajendra Prasad to cite a precedent against himself. Rajendra Prasad had first seen Gandhiji at a meeting held in Calcutta in 1915 to honour him. He was called 'Karmavir Gandhi' in those days. In the December 1916 session of the Congress, held at Lucknow, he again saw Gandhiji. He knew that the Champaran Kisan leader Rajkumar Shukla and Braj Kishore Prasad had requested Gandhiji to pay a visit to Champaran. The session had also adopted a resolution on the Champaran situation. In the April 1917, A.I.C.C. session, held in Calcutta, Gandhiji and Rajendra Prasad sat very close to each other but he did not know that Gandhiji was to be taken to his residence in Patna on his way to Champaran. He, therefore, left for Puri when the session ended. When Gandhiji reached Rajendra Prasad's residence in Patna next morning, the servant took him to be a client and a villager and showed him the servant's bathroom and the well outside. Barefooted, clad in half achkan, dhoti and Kathiawadi purgree, carrying in a roll his bedding and a few dhotis and some food in a tin box, Gandhiji looked very much an illiterate villager. Gandhiji did not know what to do next, when, hearing of his arrival, Mazharul Haq came and took him to his palatial residence, Sikander Manzil. There was a similar situation at Muzaffarpur Junction Station where Acharya Kripalani, a Professor in the local College, had come to receive Gandhiji with a large number of students. None had seen Gandhiji. None recognized him. On return to Patna Rajendra Babu learnt all that had happened and hastened to Motihari. He regarded his meeting with Gandhiji as the turning point in his career. He stayed with Gandhiji till his trial was over. Thereafter, things in the country took a different course, by reason of the Rowlatt Act and the Punjab upheaval, and in 1920, even before the civil disobedience and non-cooperation resolution of the special session of the Congress held in Calcutta in September had been confirmed by the regular session held in December at Nagpur, he took the plunge. He openly pledged himself to defy unrighteous laws, and resort to civil disobedience and non-cooperation and thus he constituted himself more or leass as an outlaw in the eyes of the British Government in India. The decades that followed were years of intense activity and heavy suffering. He ceased to be a Senator of the University to the regret of the British Vice-Chancellor. He withdrew his sons, Mrityunjaya and Dhanajjaya, and his nephew, Janardan from the Benares Hindu University and other schools. He wrote articles for Searchlight and the Desh and collected funds for these papers. He toured a lot, explaining, lecturing, exhorting. He was the life-breath of the constructive programme and a great votary of Khadi. He was the first leading political figure in the Eastern Provinces to join forces with Gandhiji at a time when the latter was without a large and effective following. Another such leader from the West who joined Gandhiji was Vallabhbhai Patel. During the Nagpur Flag Satyagraha Rajendra Babu and Vallabhbhai came closer. Rajendra Babu cherished Sardar's friendship as one of the most pleasant memories of his life. He often went to Sabarmati and toured the country with Gandhiji. He suffered several terms of rigorous imprisonment. He suffered privations for want of a regular income of his own. All the while he suffered from asthma. He would not accept any financial assistance from the Congress or from any other source and depended mostly on his elder brother. He was in jail when on 15 January, 1934 the devastating earthquake in Bihar occurred. He was released two days later. Though ailing, he set himself immediately to the task of raising funds and organizing relief. The Viceroy also raised a fund for the purpose. While his fund swelled to over 38 lakhs, the Viceroy's fund, despite his great influence, resources and prestige, remained at one third of the amount. The way relief was organized left nothing to be desired. Nationalist India expressed its admiration by electing him to the President of the Bombay session of the Indian National Congress. Mahendra Prasad, his elder brother, had died. The Congress through a resolution remembered his social services and his devotion to the national cause. When the Congress Ministries were formed in 1937, it was the Parliamentary Board consisting of Sardar Patel, Rajendra Babu and Maulana Azad, which really and effectively provided guidance and control. In 1939 when Subhas Chandra Bose had to be relieved of the office of the Congress President, it was Rajendra Prasad who was persuaded to face the crisis and overcome it. The Congress faced another crisis when Acharya Kripalani resigned and Rajendra Babu had to step into the breach, even though he happened to be India's Food and Agriculture Minister and President of the Constituent Assembly. He realized that industrialism had disrupted the web of village life woven and integrated for centuries. It had to be re-woven into a new pattern. He wanted that pattern to be inspired by Gandhian values; human needs and acquisitiveness to be regulated through self-discipline; agricultural production to be maximized, village industries to be resuscitated and their scope enlarged; the old sense of community to be recaptured. But he found that the country was unable to resist the pull of industrialization, even hurriedly thought-out industrialization, and he was not happy at the development. This was one reason why he declined to accept the Chairmanship of the Planning Commission. This was why, when Wavell informally enquired what portfolio he would choose if he were to choose it for himself, he said that he hardly needed time to think about it. It had to be Food and Agriculture. Wavell was amused and there was an unspoken why. "Well", Rajendra Babu went on, "the subject is familiar to me. He knew all that the best farmer knows about agricultural operations and practices. But he also realized that certain improvements had to be effected on those methods. The slogan 'Grow More Food' was given by him and the campaign was initiated by the Food Ministry under his guidance. He could not, however, continue for long in that Ministry and ensure compliance with the policies initiated by him. But, before he relinquished charge, he did, as Gandhiji wanted, effect decontrol of foodgrains, and though officials and public men alike had prophesied disaster, nothing untoward happened. His stewardship of the Constituent Assembly was exemplary. He guided, regulated, controlled, but did so with such infinite patience, skill, grace and firmness that not only none had a sense of grievance but all felt that the discussions were always full, free and frank and left nothing to be desired. During the very first session of the Constituent Assembly, he had announced that though the Assembly was born under limitations it would outgrow those and function as a sovereign body, recognizing no outside authority. The proceedings of the last day of the Constituent Assembly read like pages from a book of tributes and, in a way, indicate how loved and respected he was by each section of the House. His elevation to the Presidentship in 1950 came as a matter of course. There were some doubts in some quarters. Could a person who was temperamentally a peasant, who lived and dressed like one, impress in an office where ceremonialism and gilded trappings counted? But nothing else was possible. He was the only choice and there could not be another. As President, he exercised his moderating influence and moulded policies or actions so silently and unobtrusively that many were led to think that, unlike any other Head of State, he neither reigned nor ruled. He never worried about what people said about him. He never looked into the mirror of history. There were occasions when he differed from the Prime Minister. But that was nothing new. They had differred for almost three decades and yet worked together in the Congress. The differences never embittered their personal relations. Perhaps, both realized that they arose out of their differing backgrounds, beliefs, approaches and attitudes. It was in 1960 that he announced his intention to retire, and though there were many regrets and many tried to persuade him to continue for a third term, his mind was made up. Jayaprakash Narayan welcomed the decision, suggesting that his direct guidance might be available after retirement to the Sarvodaya Movement. But the 1961 illness, severed and protracted, shattered Rajendra Prasad's health completely. Many therefore, worried at his decision to go back to the Sadaquat Ashram. How could he guide any constructive movement with that frail body of his? Would not the inconveniences of the Ashram prove too much for his health? His elder sister Bhagwati Devi had passed away in the night of 25 January, 1960. She doted on her dearly-loved younger brother, to whose house she had returned within two years of her marriage, a widow at nineteen. It must have taken Rajendra Babu all his will power to have taken the Republic Day salute as usual, on the following day, seemingly unruffled. It was only on return from the parade that he set about the task of cremation. Within months of his retirement, early in September 1962, passed away his wife Rajbanshi Devi, whose contribution to making him what he was, though indirect, was considerable. Frail and an invalid for a long time, she was the very embodiment of the spirit of renunciation, selflessness, self-effacement and devotion. She had asked for little and though she had been only partly a companion to him, she had silently encouraged him and never stood in the way. Her husband's will was her will, his pleasure hers. Not many words were exchanged between the two - they would sit quietly together for hours - and yet their silent communion filled the atmosphere with distinct aura. No wonder, his last days were days of agony. The Chinese aggression had shaken him completely. He had apprehended the danger. He had thought of the dreaded possibility. But "perhaps those who thought otherwise knew better". This consolation was shaken away by the naked aggression. His will to live was weakening. In a letter to one devoted to him, he wrote a month before his death: "I have a feeling that the end is near, end of the energy to do, end of my very existence". And so, when the end came suddenly on 28 February, 1963, he was not unprepared. He died, after a few hours' illness, with 'Ram Ram' on his lips. Ever since the present Contributor came near him in 1933, the bond grew stronger as the years passed. Rajendra Prasad had great affection for him and valued his judgement. Rajendra Babu and the present Contributor were together in the Birla House when the Interim Government was formed in September 1946. Rajendra Babu said, "We must now move to our residences" The present contributor had brought nothing except his clothes, and wondered as to how to go about setting up a home. When he reached No. Queen Victoria Road - now Dr. Rajendra Prasad Road - in the evening, he was pleasantly surprised to find that not only were all provisions and utensils and crockeries there, but even the statue of goddess Lakshmi had not been forgotten. Rajendra Babu shared Gandhiji's great vision, the making of a new man in a new society. His mind was capable of broad sweeps. But it would take

Kannada

ಡಾ.ರಾಜೇಂದ್ರ ಪ್ರಸಾದ್

Dernière mise à jour : 2015-06-30
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Anglais

Keyboard Shortcuts Using shortcuts you can configure certain actions to be triggered when you press a key or a combination of keys, e. g. Ctrl+C is normally bound to'Copy '. KDE allows you to store more than one'scheme' of shortcuts, so you might want to experiment a little setting up your own scheme, although you can still change back to the KDE defaults. In the'Global Shortcuts' tab you can configure non-application-specific bindings, like how to switch desktops or maximize a window; in the'Application Shortcuts' tab you will find bindings typically used in applications, such as copy and paste.

Kannada

ಉಳಿ( ಸ) ಸು...

Dernière mise à jour : 2011-10-23
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Anglais

Key Bindings Using key bindings you can configure certain actions to be triggered when you press a key or a combination of keys, e. g. Ctrl+C is normally bound to'Copy '. KDE allows you to store more than one'scheme' of key bindings, so you might want to experiment a little setting up your own scheme while you can still change back to the KDE defaults. In the tab'Global Shortcuts' you can configure non-application specific bindings like how to switch desktops or maximize a window. In the tab'Application Shortcuts' you will find bindings typically used in applications, such as copy and paste.

Kannada

ಸಾರ್ವತ್ರಿಕ ಶೀಘ್ರಮಾರ್ಗಗಳು (ಶಾರ್ಟ್ ಕಟ್)

Dernière mise à jour : 2011-10-23
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