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Inglês

Malaio

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Inglês

So you wait. They are also waiting.

Malaio

(Kiranya mereka tidak berbuat demikian) maka tunggulah (wahai Muhammad akan kesudahan mereka), sesungguhnya mereka juga menunggu (akan kesudahanmu).

Última atualização: 2014-07-03
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Inglês

Turn away from them and wait. They are, also, waiting.

Malaio

Oleh itu, janganlah engkau hiraukan mereka, dan tunggulah (kesudahan mereka), sesungguhnya mereka pun menunggu (kesudahanmu).

Última atualização: 2014-07-03
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Inglês

And landmarks. And by the stars they are [also] guided.

Malaio

Dan (Ia mengadakan) tanda-tanda panduan jalan, dan dengan bintang-bintang (pada waktu malam) mereka dapat mengetahui arah yang hendak dituju.

Última atualização: 2014-07-03
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Inglês

And do not be weak in seeking out the people. If you are suffering, they are also suffering as you are suffering, but you are hoping from Allah that which they do not hope.

Malaio

Dan janganlah kamu lemah (hilang semangat) dalam memburu musuh (yang menceroboh) itu; kerana kalau kamu menderita sakit (luka atau mati) maka sesungguhnya mereka pun menderita sakitnya seperti penderitaan kamu; sedang kamu mengharapkan dari Allah apa yang mereka tidak harapkan (iaitu balasan yang baik pada hari akhirat kelak).

Última atualização: 2014-07-03
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Inglês

The spoils are also for the poor emigrants who were deprived of their homes and possessions and are seeking the bounty and protection of God, and are helping God and His Apostle. They are the ones who are true of word and deed.

Malaio

(Pemberian itu hendaklah diuntukkan) kepada orang-orang fakir yang berhijrah, yang telah diusir keluar dari kampung halamannya dan harta bendanya (kerana berpegang teguh kepada ajaran Islam), untuk mencari limpah kurnia dari Allah dan keredaanNya, serta menolong (ugama) Allah dan RasulNya; mereka itulah orang-orang yang benar (imannya dan amalnya).

Última atualização: 2014-07-03
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Inglês

Faint not in seeking the heathen; if you are suffering, they are also suffering as you are suffering, and you are hoping from God for that for which they cannot hope; God is All-knowing, All-wise.

Malaio

Dan janganlah kamu lemah (hilang semangat) dalam memburu musuh (yang menceroboh) itu; kerana kalau kamu menderita sakit (luka atau mati) maka sesungguhnya mereka pun menderita sakitnya seperti penderitaan kamu; sedang kamu mengharapkan dari Allah apa yang mereka tidak harapkan (iaitu balasan yang baik pada hari akhirat kelak). Dan (ingatlah) Allah Maha Mengetahui, lagi Maha Bijaksana.

Última atualização: 2014-07-03
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Inglês

Everyone has their own idol and I choose my parents as a very important idol because they are the family leaders who play a very important role in my life. But as soon as I choose my parents as an idol, they are also those who teach and educate I like prayers and so on.And then they also helped me in all the trouble without them we could not find out anything

Malaio

Setiap orang mempunyai idola yang tersendiri dan saya memilih ibu bapa saya sebagai idola yang sangat penting kerana meraka merupakan ketua keluarga yang memainkan peranan yang sangat penting dalam hidup saya.namun begitu saya memilih ibu bapa saya sebagai idola.selain itu mereka juga yang mengajar dan mendidik saya seperti solat dan sebagainya.seterusnya mereka juga banyak membantu saya dalam semua masalah tanpa mereka kita tidak dapat mengetahui tentang apa apa sekalipun

Última atualização: 2018-01-03
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Referência: Anônimo

Inglês

Do not slacken in the pursuit of these people. If you are suffering, they are also suffering like you, but you expect from Allah what they do not expect, and Allah is all-knowing, all-wise.

Malaio

Dan janganlah kamu lemah (hilang semangat) dalam memburu musuh (yang menceroboh) itu; kerana kalau kamu menderita sakit (luka atau mati) maka sesungguhnya mereka pun menderita sakitnya seperti penderitaan kamu; sedang kamu mengharapkan dari Allah apa yang mereka tidak harapkan (iaitu balasan yang baik pada hari akhirat kelak). Dan (ingatlah) Allah Maha Mengetahui, lagi Maha Bijaksana.

Última atualização: 2014-07-03
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Referência: Anônimo

Inglês

Student athletes are very synonymous with sports training and competition. Athletic training that student athlete goes through to help them maintain their physical fitness. They are also subject to the vision of achieving the goal in every competition they play. However, since these students are school students, their academic needs are a must (Diersen, 2005). The student athlete needs to meet the learning needs of other students who are not involved in sports.

Malaio

Murid atlet sangat sinonim dengan latihan sukan dan pertandingan. Latihan sukan yang dilalui oleh murid atlet adalah untuk membantu mereka mengekalkan kecergasan fizikal mereka. Mereka juga tertakluk kepada visi mencapai matlamat dalam setiap pertandingan yang dilalui. Namun, memandangkan murid atlet ini adalah murid sekolah, maka keperluan akademik mereka adalah suatu kemestian (Diersen, 2005). Murid atlet perlu memenuhi keperluan pembelajaran seperti murid lain yang tidak terlibat dalam sukan.

Última atualização: 2020-06-11
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Referência: Anônimo

Inglês

Today, the world has been shock by a virus known as ‘Covid-19’ which it is first been detect from China. At the first stage of the symptom it will cause the victim or the person who had been affected by this virus is that the person will cough really hard and cannot stand still anymore. This virus also known to be cause by the way of the state in China which is ‘Wuhan’ which the way of their people eat and sell animal meat which are bats. rats. dogs and others. Then after a month, the virus has been affected throughout the world. This case been affected due to the interaction between touching and coughing. Then, the world takes this case seriously as it is very dangerous and until nowadays there is no cure for this affection. The government from all the country advices their people to always using mask to cover their nose and mouth when going out from their house. The government also state that each of the person must have hand sanitizer so that they can use it when they are in public. They also being advices to always wash their hand with soap after comeback from home which it is to make sure that the person clean and to increase the hygiene in their surrounding areas. Moreover, the country also advice people from going out from their house frequently which they need to stay at home and to avoid from been affected. The person who have the symptoms of this disease need to go to hospital quickly to check whether he or she has been infected by the virus or not. If the person has been infected they need to quarantine in the hospital for at least 2 weeks before they been send home and they must in good condition. Thus, the rule for going outside also has been quiet strict as the road been secure by police and soldier which their role is to make sure that everybody follows the rules.

Malaio

Salah satu sebab mengapa populasi pengungsi dan pengungsi cenderung rentan terhadap COVID 19 adalah kerana penyakit ini dapat melemahkan keupayaan institusi antarabangsa untuk melayani daerah yang terkena konflik. WHO dan pegawai antarabangsa lain takut bahawa sekatan yang berkaitan dengan penyakit ini akan menghalang rantaian bekalan kemanusiaan

Última atualização: 2020-05-13
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Referência: Anônimo

Inglês

The Manufacturing Process Ballpoint pens are made to order in mass quantities. While each manufacturer makes them slightly differently, the basic steps include ink compounding, metal component formation, plastic component molding, piece assembly, packaging, labeling, and shipping. In advanced shops, pens can go from raw material to finished product in less than five minutes. Making the ink • 1 Large batches of ink are made in a designated area of the manufacturing plant. Here workers, known as compounders, follow formula instructions to make batches of ink. Raw materials are poured into the batch tank and thoroughly mixed. Depending on the formula, these batches can be heated and cooled as necessary to help the raw materials combine more quickly. Some of the larger quantity raw materials are pumped and metered directly into the batch tank. These materials are added simply by pressing a button on computerized controls. These controls also regulate the mixing speeds and the heating and cooling rates. Quality control checks are made during different points of ink batching. Stamping and forming • 2 While the ink is being made, the metal components of the pen are being constructed. The tungsten carbide balls are typically supplied by outside vendors. Other parts of the pen, such as the point and the body, are made using various molds. First, bands of brass are automatically inserted into stamping machines, which cut out thousands of small discs. The brass discs are next softened and poured into a compression chamber, which consists of a steel ram and a spring-backed ejector plunger. The steel ram presses on the metal, causing the plunger to retract and forcing the metal into a die cast mold. This compresses the metal and forms the various pen pieces. When the ram and plunger return to their original positions, the excess metal is then scraped off and recycled. The die is then opened, and the pen piece is ejected. • 3 The formed pieces are then cleaned and cut. They are immersed in a bath to remove oils used in the molding process. After they emerge from the bath, the parts are then cut to the dimensions of the specific pen. The pen pieces are next polished by rotating brushes and cleaned again to remove any residual oils. The ball can then be inserted into the point cavity. Molding the housing • 4 The plastic components of the pen are constructed simultaneously with the Ballpoint Pen other pen pieces. They can be produced by either extrusion or injection molding. In each approach, the plastic is supplied as granules or powder and is fed into a large hopper. The extrusion process involves a large spiral screw, which forces the material through a heated chamber, making it a thick, flowing mass. It is then forced through a die, cooled, and cut. Pieces such as the pen body and ink reservoir are made by this method. • 5 For pieces that have more complex shapes, like caps, ends, and mechanical components, injection molding is used. In this process the plastic is heated, converting it into a liquid that can then be forcibly injected into a mold. After it cools, it solidifies and maintains its shape after the die is opened. Ink filling and assembly • 6 After the components are formed, assembly can take place. Typically, the ballpoint is first attached to the ink reservoir. These pieces are then conveyored to injectors, which fill the reservoir with the appropriately colored ink. If a spring is going to be present, it is then placed on the barrel of the reservoir. Final assembly, packaging, and shipping • 7 The point and reservoir are then placed inside the main body of the pen. At this stage, other components such as the cap and ends are incorporated. Other finishing steps, such as adding coatings or decorations or performing a final cleaning, are also done. The finished pens are then packaged according to how they will be sold. Single pens can be put into blister packages with cardboard backings. Groups of pens are packed into bags or boxes. These sales units are then put into boxes, stacked on pallets, and shipped to distributors. Quality Control The quality of pen components is checked during all manufacturing stages. Since thousands of parts are made each day, inspecting each one is impossible. Consequently, line inspectors take random samples of pen pieces at certain time intervals and check to ensure that they meet set specifications for size, shape, and consistency. The primary testing method is visual inspection, although more rigorous measurements are also made. Various types of measuring equipment are available. Length measurements are made with a vernier caliper, a micrometer, or a microscope. Each of these differ in accuracy and application. To test the condition of surface coatings, an optical flat or surface gauge may be used. Like the solid pieces of the pens, quality tests are also performed on the liquid batches of ink. After all the ingredients are added to the batch, a sample is taken to the Quality Control (QC) laboratory for testing. Physical characteristics are checked to make sure the batch adheres to the specifications outlined in the formula instructions. The QC group runs tests such as pH determination, viscosity checks, and appearance evaluations. If the batch is found to be "out of spec," adjustments can be made. For instance, colors can be adjusted by adding more dye. In addition to these specific tests, line inspectors are also posted at each phase of manufacture. They visually inspect the components as they are made and check for things such as inadequately filled ink reservoirs, deformed pens, and incorrectly assembled parts. Random samples of the final product are also tested to ensure a batch of pens writes correctly. The Future Ballpoint pen technology has improved greatly since the time of Loud's first patented invention. Future research will focus on developing new inks and better designed pens that are more comfortable and longer lasting. Additionally, manufacturers will strive to produce higher quality products at the lowest possible cost. One trend that will continue will be the development of materials and processes which use metals and plastics that have undergone a minimum of processing from their normal state. This should minimize waste, increase production speed, and reduce the final cost of the pens. Read more: http://www.madehow.com/Volume-3/Ballpoint-Pen.html#ixzz4Ay0s4nfp

Malaio

cit cat translate

Última atualização: 2016-08-10
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Referência: Anônimo
Aviso: contém formatação HTML invisível

Inglês

What is stigma? Three out of four people with a mental illness report that they have experienced stigma. Stigma is a mark of disgrace that sets a person apart. When a person is labelled by their illness they are seen as part of a stereotyped group. Negative attitudes create prejudice which leads to negative actions and discrimination. Stigma brings experiences and feelings of: shame blame hopelessness distress misrepresentation in the media reluctance to seek and/or accept necessary help Families are also affected by stigma, leading to a lack of support. For mental health professionals, stigma means that they themselves are seen as abnormal, corrupt or evil, and psychiatric treatments are often viewed with suspicion and horror. A 2006 Australian study found that nearly 1 in 4 of people felt depression was a sign of personal weakness and would not employ a person with depression around a third would not vote for a politician with depression 42% thought people with depression were unpredictable one in 5 said that if they had depression they would not tell anyone nearly 2 in 3 people surveyed thought people with schizophrenia were unpredictable and a quarter felt that they were dangerous Some groups are subjected to multiple types of stigma and discrimination at the same time, such as people with an intellectual disability or those from a cultural or ethnic minority. How can we challenge stigma? We all have a role in creating a mentally healthy community that supports recovery and social inclusion and reduces discrimination. Simple ways to help include: learn and share the facts about mental health and illness get to know people with personal experiences of mental illness speak up in protest when friends, family, colleagues or the media display false beliefs and negative stereotypes offer the same support to people when they are physically or mentally unwell don't label or judge people with a mental illness, treat them with respect and dignity as you would anyone else don’t discriminate when it comes to participation, housing and employment talk openly of your own experience of mental illness. The more hidden mental illness remains, the more people continue to believe that it is shameful and needs to be concealed.

Malaio

tidak tepat

Última atualização: 2015-08-27
Frequência de uso: 1
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Referência: Anônimo

Inglês

Inconel 718 is known as super alloy and it is difficult to cut. It is a widely utilized material for atomic force plant, gas turbine motors, steam turbines, petrochemical gear and aviation furthermore for rocket part due high temperature resistance. Other than that, Inconel 718 have high corrosion resistance and connected broadly in high temperature utilizes because of its superior properties. However there are still numerous issues that should be connected with Inconel 718 because there are also have disadvantage such as reduce tool life and severe surface abuse on machined surface due to its high values of cutting force. Welding and adhesion of Inconel 718 onto the cutting tool often happen during machining creating extreme surface of machined. In the perspective of manufacturing industries, expanding interest of profitability and quality in machining Inconel 718 are the principle challenges keeping in mind the end goal to get the ideal cutting condition and decrease the expense of generation. To investigate the optimum cutting condition for Inconel 718, some experiment must be conducted such as full immersion end milling Inconel 718. In this research, the cutting force and chatter vibration is greatly influence the wear of cutting tool in machining work. At low cutting speed of machining Inconel 718, the cutting force increase but it also depends on the feed rate and depth of cut. Besides that, the consumption of lubricant cutting fluid also plays an important role during machining this super alloy. Based on this research, we investigate the surface integrity of Inconel 718 machined using TiAlN coated carbide tool by varying radial depth of cut. At the end, optimum cutting conditions were selected in machining operation for further development in manufacturing industries.

Malaio

THE SUFACE INTEGRITI Inconel 718 dimesin MENGGUNAKAN TIAlN bersalut karbida ALAT dengan mengubah RADIAL DEPTH OF CUT

Última atualização: 2015-06-02
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Referência: Anônimo

Inglês

PERSONALITY PROCESSES AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES Needs and Subjective Well-Being Around the World Louis Tay University of Illinois at Urbana—Champaign Ed Diener University of Illinois at Urbana—Champaign and The Gallup Organization, Omaha, Nebraska Across a sample of 123 countries, we examined the association between the fulfillment of needs and subjective well-being (SWB), including life evaluation, positive feelings, and negative feelings. Need fulfillment was consistently associated with SWB across world regions. Life evaluation was most associated with fulfilling basic needs; positive feelings were most associated with social and respect needs; and negative feelings were most associated with basic, respect, and autonomy needs. Societal need fulfillment predicted SWB, particularly for life evaluation, beyond individuals’ fulfillment of their own needs, indicating the desirability of living in a flourishing society. In addition, the associations of SWB with the fulfillment of specific needs were largely independent of whether other needs were fulfilled. These trends persisted when household income was taken into account. The emergent ordering of need fulfillment for psychosocial needs were fairly consistent across country conditions, but the fulfillment of basic and safety needs were contingent on country membership. Keywords: universal needs, subjective well-being, societal context, ordering of needs, income In the current study, we examined the association between need fulfillment and subjective well-being (SWB). For many years, the idea of universal needs was out of favor because it was widely believed that socialization uniquely shapes the causes of wellbeing for each person and in each culture. Furthermore, it was often assumed that people adapt to circumstances so that in the long run only temperament influences SWB. However, in recent years, there has been a resurgence of interest in universal influences on “happiness” that might derive from universal aspects of human nature (Konner, 2002). For instance, Howell and Howell (2008) suggested that the declining marginal utility of money might be due to the fact that income influences SWB primarily when it is associated with the fulfillment of basic physical needs. Kenrick, Griskevicius, Neuberg, and Schaller (2010) suggested that Maslow’s (1954) list of needs might be derivable from evolutionary theory (see also Hill & Buss, 2007). These approaches are compatible with the idea that the respect of others, learning new things, and supportive social relationships are fundamental universal needs that do not require secondary pairing with more basic needs to influence SWB. Ryff and Keyes (1995) and Ryan and Deci (2000), like Maslow (1954) before them, proposed that there are universal human needs and that fulfillment of them is likely to enhance a person’s feelings of well-being. These theorists suggest that there are psychological needs, such as for close social relationships, mastery, and autonomy, which are wired into humans, and therefore, fulfilling these needs should lead to higher SWB. Coming from a sociological tradition, Veenhoven and Ehrhardt (1995) argued for “livability theory,” the idea that some societies have a higher quality of life because they have characteristics that are universally desirable for humans. Conversely, the anthropologist Edgerton (1992) argued that there are “sick societies” that do not produce happiness and health. What these views have in common is the idea that certain circumstances are required for high quality of life in all cultures and for all individuals. There are also likely individual and cultural differences in what people desire and find rewarding, but these can coexist with the universals. The present research builds on the study by Diener, Ng, Harter, and Arora (2010) in which the focus was on the role of income in predicting SWB; specifically, basic and psychosocial need fulfillment was found to be a channel by which income raises life evaluation. Given the primacy of needs in SWB, we seek to probe further to differentiate the role of the various needs in SWB. There are a number of implications and questions that follow from the proposal that the level of SWB can be explained by the fulfillment of universal human needs: 1. If the needs are indeed universal, they should apply to all individuals in all cultures. Although, there are individual different theories of needs (e.g., Murray & Kluckhohn, 1948), the theories This article was published Online First June 20, 2011. Louis Tay, Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana—Champaign; Ed Diener, Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana—Champaign and The Gallup Organization, Omaha, Nebraska. We acknowledge Carolyn Anderson and Jeroen Vermunt. We are grateful for their helpful suggestions on the multilevel item-response theory analysis. Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Louis Tay, Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana— Champaign, 603 East Daniel Street, Champaign, IL 61820. E-mail: sientay@illinois.edu Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2011, Vol. 101, No. 2, 354–365 © 2011 American Psychological Association 0022-3514/11/$12.00 DOI: 10.1037/a0023779 354 we test suggest that certain needs are universal in all humans and, therefore, should be related to SWB in all cultures. 2. Inherent in the idea of universal needs is that fulfillment explains some portion of variance in SWB. There are other influences on SWB, such as culture (Oishi, 2010; Triandis & Suh, 2002) and temperament (Lucas & Diener, 2008). However, if the needs are indeed built into people because they aid survival, it is likely that humans are constructed so as to experience the fulfillment of the needs as rewarding and the deprivation of them as punishing. An issue related to this is whether the deprivation of needs is synonymous with low SWB and whether the fulfillment of needs is associated with high SWB. 3. The needs should have a degree of independence from each other, with each making a contribution to SWB beyond the effects of the others. That is, regardless of whether other needs are met, each need will enhance well-being to some extent when it is fulfilled. The analogy of psychological needs to vitamins was drawn by Maslow (1954). Like vitamins, each of the needs is individually required, just as having much of one vitamin does not negate the need for other vitamins. All needs should independently contribute to SWB. Just because one has, for example, a large amount of food and safety, it does not follow that one’s need for social support diminishes. On the other hand, it may be that the fulfillment of multiple needs exerts synergistic effects to enhance SWB. For instance, does the fulfillment of respect and social needs lead to higher SWB over and above what might be expected from each alone? 4. Another important question is whether the societal context influences the importance of need fulfillment on SWB. Seligman and Csikszentmihalyi (2000) suggested that one limitation of humanistic psychology was that it overemphasized individual wellbeing without giving enough attention to collective well-being. With this in mind, we examined whether there are any independent effects of societal need fulfillment on people’s individual wellbeing. People’s well-being might depend not only on their success but also on the well-being of those around them (Christakis & Fowler, 2009), and therefore, the need fulfillment of others might influence a person’s well-being beyond the fulfillment of their own personal needs. 5. A final issue is whether needs are fulfilled in the order predicted by Maslow’s (1954) motivational theory. Past researchers found mixed evidence for the needs emerging in the order suggested by Maslow (Hagerty, 1999; Rauschenberger, Schmitt, & Hunter, 1980; Wicker, Brown, Wiehe, Hagen, & Reed, 1993). Thus, we examined the patterns in which needs are fulfilled and the degree to which societal contexts moderate the emergent ordering. The Gallup World Poll (GWP) included questions about six needs and three types of SWB. Because the GWP was so large and diverse, including the 123 countries used in this analysis that comprise the vast majority of the world’s adult population, generalizable inferences about humanity can be drawn. We examined needs derived from the work of Maslow (1954), Deci and Ryan (2000), Ryff and Keyes (1995), and others such as De Charms (1968) and Csikszentmihalyi (1988): ● Basic needs for food and shelter ● Safety and security ● Social support and love ● Feeling respected and pride in activities ● Mastery ● Self-direction and autonomy The needs we examined were dictated in part by the aforementioned theories of Maslow, Deci and Ryan, Ryff and Keyes, and Csikszentmihalyi and in part by the measures that were included in the GWP. We did not have a specific measure of self-acceptance, which is included in Ryff and Keyes’s theory, but we did have measures of “felt proud” and “are respected” to reflect Ryff and Keyes’s and Maslow’s concept of being respected and feeling worthy of respect. Our mastery need measure included “doing what one does best” and “learning new things” and, thus, reflects both mastery and growth. Thus, we had measures of Deci and Ryan’s needs and most of Maslow’s and Ryff and Keyes’s needs, although our measures do not map perfectly onto some categories. Nonetheless, our measures do reflect a broad and diverse set of needs, including basic, safety, and psychosocial needs. This analysis greatly expanded on the earlier study by Diener and colleagues (2010) by focusing on whether needs are necessary and sufficient for SWB across the world, the extent to which fulfilled needs produce independent or synergistic effects for SWB, whether societal fulfillment of needs leads to an increase in SWB beyond individual fulfillment of needs, and how needs are fulfilled in relation to one another. We examined each of the six needs in relation to three types of SWB—life evaluations, positive feelings, and negative feelings. Because recent scholarship suggested that types of SWB are separable, distinct (Kahneman, 1999; Lucas, Diener, & Suh, 1996), and differentially related to factors such as income (Diener et al., 2010), it is plausible that the needs might have different associations with different types of SWB. Maslow (1954) proposed that the fulfillment of universal needs would lead to both health and “happiness.” We have come to understand that “happiness” is in fact composed of discrete elements. Life evaluation, positive feelings, and negative feelings form clearly separable factors in selfreport, informant reports, and experience sampling (Lucas, Diener, & Suh, 1996). Thus, it is possible that the fulfillment of certain needs is more strongly associated with some types of “happiness” than with others. For instance, there seems to be a close connection between social relationships and extraversion, on one hand, and positive feelings, on the other (Bradburn, 1969; Lucas, Diener, Grob, Suh, & Shao, 2000), and a lesser relation between negative feelings and sociability. Similarly, one might hypothesize that feeling unsafe could produce negative emotions but that being safe might not produce long-lasting positive feelings. Summary of Research We assessed the relation of needs with SWB in each of eight sociocultural regions of the world—from Europe to Africa to Latin America. The GWP included rural and poor populations that have been underrepresented in past studies of SWB. Our goal was to examine the association of six needs with each of the three types of SWB, with representative samples across the major regions of the world, with the aim of answering several questions: What are UNIVERSAL NEEDS AND WELL-BEING 355 the associations of need fulfillment with SWB, and how general are these associations across cultures? Is the deprivation or fulfillment of needs linked to low and high SWB, respectively? Is the association of specific needs with SWB dependent on the fulfillment of other needs? Is there any influence on SWB of societal need fulfillment beyond individual need fulfillment? Finally, are needs typically fulfilled in the order described by Maslow? Method Sample The Gallup Organization conducted surveys of 155 countries, across the years 2005–2010, aimed at representing 95% of the world’s population. Representative sampling of the entire adult population within each nation was undertaken. In wealthy nations, this was achieved through telephone surveys based on randomdigit dialing, and in poorer nations in which telephones are less ubiquitous, this was accomplished by door-to-door interviews, with residences selected from geographical primary sampling units of household clusters (The Gallup Organization, 2009). Respondents within households were selected based on either the latest birthday or the Kish grid method. Up to three contacts per household, at different times of day, were used. A few regions of certain nations were not sampled due to safety concerns. In 123 nations, the GWP included the relevant need and SWB items. The nations we examined included representation from 66% of the world’s population. Within each country, analyses were conducted on individuals who responded to need and SWB items. Altogether, 60,865 individuals were asked the relevant survey items, with a mean of 494 respondents in each country. Out of these 60,865 individuals, 41,933 individuals were asked about their household income. The interviewers were individuals from each nation and were trained in interviewing techniques. Several features of the survey were designed to make responding easier for those not familiar with questionnaires, for example, simple yes–no responding to many items. The Gallup Organization has many decades of experience conducting surveys in diverse regions of the world. See the following website for methodological details on the sampling and measures: http:// www.gallup.com/se/128147/Worldwide-Research-Methodology .aspx World Regions In order to examine the universality of our findings across cultures, we divided nations into eight cultural regions that are similar to those used in the CIA Factbook, an authoritative source of world information. Societies within each region are not identical but share common features in terms of history, economic development, language root, religion, and so forth. Our eight regions were (a) Africa, (b) East and South Asia, (c) former Soviet Union nations, including Eastern Europe, (d) Latin America, (e) Middle East, (f) Northern Europe and Anglo nations, (g) Southeast Asia, and (h) Southern Europe. Measures Translation. In each nation, bilingual speakers translated the survey into one or more widespread languages. The translations were then reviewed by second bilingual speakers, who recommended refinements. Because of the very large number of different languages used in the surveys, it is unlikely that language differences created the systematic patterns of finding, although it is possible that they introduced random measurement error that reduced the size of correlations we found. In many cross-cultural studies that employ a small number of nations, translation can represent a systematic contaminant because translation differences could produce what appear to be cultural differences. However, with hundreds of translations used across over 100 nations, this concern is greatly reduced. Indeed, recent analyses of emotion terms of various translations across the world revealed pan-cultural dimensions (Tay, Diener, Drasgow, & Vermunt, 2011). SWB. Both cognitive and affective components of SWB (Diener, 1984, 2000) were assessed, which Kahneman (1999) has called remembered versus experienced well-being. A global life evaluation measure (Cantril Self-Anchoring Striving Scale; Cantril, 1965) asked respondents to evaluate their current life on a ladder scale, with steps ranging from 0 (worst possible life) to 10 (best possible life). Positive and negative feelings were assessed by aggregating items that tapped feelings experienced a lot in the previous day, on a dichotomous scale format (1  yes, 0  no). Positive items included “smile/laugh” and “enjoyment”; negative items included “worry,” “sadness,” “depression,” and “anger.” Cronbach’s alpha reliabilities for positive and negative emotions were .58 and .65, respectively. The reliabilities appear to be acceptable, given the dichotomous scale format and the short scale lengths. Needs. Basic needs for food and shelter were satisfied when in the past 12 months a respondent (a) had enough money for food, (b) had enough money for shelter, and (c) did not go hungry. Safety and security needs were met when individuals (a) felt safe walking alone, (b) did not have money and/or property stolen during the past 12 months (from either them or their family members), and (c) were not assaulted during the past 12 months. Similarly, social support and love were met when the respondents indicated that they (a) experienced love yesterday and (b) have others they can count on for help in an emergency. Respect and pride in activities were fulfilled for respondents who (a) felt they were treated with respect and (b) were proud of something. Mastery was met when an individual (a) had the experience of learning something and (b) did what she or he does best at work. Finally, coding for self-direction and autonomy was based on two variables: whether individuals could (a) choose how their time was spent and (b) whether they experienced freedom in life. In the following analyses and results, these variables are labeled, respectively, as “basic,” “safety,” “social,” “respect,” “mastery,” and “autonomy.” Needs were operationally defined as met (1) or unmet (0) through combinations of surveyed items, all of which were answered on a dichotomous yes–no scale. A need was scored as fulfilled (1) only if all items pertaining to that need were answered affirmatively and otherwise was scored as unfulfilled (0). Results The means and standard deviations for both individual- and country-level data are presented in Table 1. As can be seen, there is large variability between individuals in the fulfillment of needs and in SWB, as well as substantial variability among nations. It is important to note that there are no ceiling or floor effects on any of the variables. 356 TAY AND DIENER The Effects of Needs on SWB Correlations and Hierarchical Regressions of Needs and SWB Table 2 presents the zero-order correlations for the world and eight cultural regions among the six universal needs, log-income, and three SWB variables. An analysis of relative importance was conducted to assess the proportional contribution of each need to the variance accounted for in predicting SWB (Grömping, 2006). The relative weights shown in Table 3 take into account dependence on the order of entry in the regression by averaging over all possible orders (Kruskal, 1987). The rows in Table 3 present the Table 1 Means and Standard Deviations for Individual and Societal Data Measure Individuals Countries M SD M SD SWB Life evaluation 5.59 2.10 5.57 1.07 Positive feelings 0.75 0.36 0.74 0.09 Negative feelings 0.21 0.28 0.21 0.05 Needs Basic 0.67 0.47 0.66 0.21 Safety 0.53 0.50 0.54 0.15 Social 0.62 0.48 0.62 0.15 Respect 0.61 0.49 0.61 0.13 Mastery 0.49 0.50 0.48 0.13 Autonomy 0.52 0.50 0.50 0.14 Log household income 3.85 0.63 3.89 0.49 Note. SWB  subjective well-being. Table 2 Zero-Order Correlations of Needs and Subjective Well-Being for the World and Cultural Regions Region Measure Basic Safety Social Respect Mastery Autonomy Log income Life evaluation World (N  60,854) 0.31 0.08 0.18 0.11 0.15 0.12 0.40 Africa (N 

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citchat

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Other names[edit] At street hawker stalls and dai pai dong in Hong Kong, they are known as 魚蛋 (literally "fish eggs") is used while 魚丸 (yú wán) and 鱼圆 (yú yuán) are more commonly used in Singapore and Malaysia.

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Bebola ikan adalah makanan yang biasa di selatan China dan masyarakat di luar negara Cina yang diperbuat daripada "pes ikan" (atau dikenali sebagai Cina: 魚 漿; pinyin: yújiāng; Jyutping: jyu4 zoeng1, atau dalam surimi Jepun). Mereka juga bersama-sama di Scandinavia, di mana mereka biasanya diperbuat daripada ikan kod atau Haddock.

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He knows what is in front of them and what is behind them; and they do not achieve anything of His knowledge except what He wills; His Throne (of Sovereignty) encompasses the heavens and the earth; and it is not difficult for Him to guard them; and He is the Supreme, the Greatest. (This Verse is popularly known as Ayat Al-Kursi.

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Yang memiliki segala yang ada di langit dan yang ada di bumi. Tiada sesiapa yang dapat memberi syafaat (pertolongan) di sisiNya melainkan dengan izinNya. yang mengetahui apa yang ada di hadapan mereka dan apa yang ada di belakang mereka, sedang mereka tidak mengetahui sesuatu pun dari (kandungan) ilmu Allah melainkan apa yang Allah kehendaki (memberitahu kepadanya).

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[They are also] for the poor Emigrants who have been expelled from their homes and [wrested of] their possessions, who seek grace from Allah and [His] pleasure and help Allah and His Apostle. It is they who are the truthful.

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(Pemberian itu hendaklah diuntukkan) kepada orang-orang fakir yang berhijrah, yang telah diusir keluar dari kampung halamannya dan harta bendanya (kerana berpegang teguh kepada ajaran Islam), untuk mencari limpah kurnia dari Allah dan keredaanNya, serta menolong (ugama) Allah dan RasulNya; mereka itulah orang-orang yang benar (imannya dan amalnya).

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