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experiment

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ప్రయోగం

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Inglês

12. universal adult franchise the indian constitution adopts universal adult franchise as a basis of elections to the lok sabha and the state legislative assemblies. every citizen who is not less than 18 years of age has a right to vote without any discrimination of caste, race, religion, sex, literacy, wealth and so on. the voting age was reduced to 18 years from 21 years in 1989 by the 61st constitutional amendment act of 1988. the introduction of universal adult franchise by the constitution-makers was a bold experiment and highly remarkable in view of the vast size of the country, its huge population, high poverty, social inequality and overwhelming illiteracy. 14

Telugu

12. universal adult franchise the indian constitution adopts universal adult franchise as a basis of elections to the lok sabha and the state legislative assemblies. every citizen who is not less than 18 years of age has a right to vote without any discrimination of caste, race, religion, sex, literacy, wealth and so on. the voting age was reduced to 18 years from 21 years in 1989 by the 61st constitutional amendment act of 1988. the introduction of universal adult franchise by the constitution-makers was a bold experiment and highly remarkable in view of the vast size of the country, its huge population, high poverty, social inequality and overwhelming illiteracy. 14

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Inglês

mohandas karamchand gandhi was born on the 2nd oct., 1869 at porbander. his father was dewan in the state of rajkot. he was married to kasturba when he was only a school student. after completing his schooling he went to england to study law and returned to india as a barrister in 1891. he started his legal practice at bombay. but in connection with a case of an indian firm he had to go to south africa.it was in south africa that gandhiji started his political career. he was shocked to see that the indian settlers there were humiliated and insulted. gandhiji decided to fight against this injustice. he knew very well that he would not be able to achieve his objective by violence or force, so he invented a novel method of struggle for truth, justice and right which is popularly known as satyagraha or non-violent resistance. gandhiji had great faith in satyagraha. during the course of his non-violent struggle, many a time he was insulted and even manhandled but he continued his fight relentlessly and ultimately he won the battle and was successful in securing the rights for the indians in south africa.gandhiji returned to india from south africa in 1915. he enrolled himself as a member of the indian national congress and devoted his energy to india’s struggle for independence. after the death of lokmanya tilak in 1920, gandhiji became the topmost leader of this party and guided the course of struggle for freedom of india.the experiment of satyagraha had already stood the acid test in south africa. gandhiji decided to adopt the same method for the purpose of achieving independence for india. under the banner of the congress he started the non-cooperation and civil disobedience movements in india. these movements proved very successful and thousands of indians from all walks of life participated in these movements and courted arrest. gandhiji himself was arrested and imprisoned several times. he organised the “quit movement” in august 1942. to his countrymen he gae call ‘do or die’. along with other prominent leader-congress and thousands of persons, gandhiji was arrested i sent to jail. like a brave soldier, he continued to fitte. hardships could not deter him from the right path of justice and non-violence. ultimately this unique method struggle succeeded and india achieved her independence the 15th august, 1947. the struggle which gandhiji on was long, tiring and full of difficulties and hardships, but won freedom for india without blood-shed. gandhiji was a saint. he was a staunch believer in violence and hindu-muslim unity. he was deeply toi by the hindu-muslim riots in the country that followed partition of india in 1947. gandhiji went from place place and pacified the angry mobs with his message of and peace. it was he who brought about peace in n and calcutta in bengal, bihar and delhi, and esta communal harmony. on the 30th january 1948, he was dead by a fanatic while he was going to his prayer meetief birla house in new delhi. the whole world was plungoi grief and mourning at the death of this noble soul apostle of peace. next day his body was cremate rajghat. since then every foreign king, president. i minister or dignitary, who visits india, goes to ri to pay homage to him and lays a wreath at his samadhi. gandhiji was a great leader, a saint and a great reformer. he was pious, truthful and religious. he be1 in simple living and high thinking. everybody who in contact with him was deeply influenced by his perso even in politics gandhiji behaved like a saint. his weapon was ahimsa or non-violence. he believed noble end cannot be achieved by ignoble means. he great passion for harijan uplift. he used to stay at colony in new delhi. he hated the practice of untou and worked with great zeal for the removal of ability and strongly advocated temple-entry for the gandhiji’s ideal was ram raj, wherein there wo»l complete peace, justice and happiness. according to ha imprisoned several times. he organised the “quit movement” in august 1942. to his countrymen he ga call ‘do or die’. along with other prominent leaders c congress and thousands of persons, gandhiji was arrestee sent to jail. like a brave soldier, he continued to hardships could not deter him from the right path of justice and non-violence. ultimately this unique method struggle succeeded and india achieved her independence the 15th august, 1947. the struggle which gandhiji on was long, tiring and full of difficulties and hardships, btti won freedom for india without blood-shed. gandhiji was a saint. he was a staunch believer ii violence and hindu-muslim unity. he was deeply by the hindu-muslim riots in the country that followed partition of india in 1947. gandhiji went from place place and pacified the angry mobs with his message of and peace. it was he who brought about peace in no and calcutta in bengal, bihar and delhi, and estat communal harmony. on the 30th january 1948, he wa dead by a fanatic while he was going to his prayer at birla house in new delhi. the whole world was plun grief and mourning at the death of this noble sou apostle of peace. next day his body was cremal rajghat. since then every foreign king, president. minister or dignitary, who visits india, goes to to pay homage to him and lays a wreath at his samadhi. gandhiji was a great leader, a saint and a great reformer. he was pious, truthful and religious. he in simple living and high thinking. everybody who in contact with him was deeply influenced by his per even in politics gandhiji behaved like a saint. his | weapon was ahimsa or non-violence. he believed nob le end cannot be achieved by ignoble means, great passion for harijan uplift. he used to stay at colony in new delhi. he hated the practice of untou and worked with great zeal for the removal of una ability and strongly advocated temple-entry for the harp gandhiji’s ideal was ram raj, wherein there wt complete peace, justice and happiness. according to ethical society free from conflicts and tensions, coercive apparatus of the state and based on harmonious relations between various interests and classes of society would be established under ram raj. he was a champion of democracy, and was deadly opposed to dictatorial rule. gandhiji showed india and the world the path of truth and non-violence. he believed that it is trutli alone that prevails in the end. gandhiji believed that real india lived in more than five lakh villages, and therefore, he worked for village uplift. according to him india’s real emancipation depended on swadeshi i.e., boycott of foreign goods, use of khaddar, and encouragement to village and cottage industries. mahatma gandhi is known as the father of the nation, because it was he who won freedom for us. he was the maker of modern india. india would not have been a free country but for gandhiji. he was the light of the nation and the architect of india’s freedom. the spiritual and moral force of gandhiji’s miraculous weapon of non-violence shook the foundations of the mighty british empire over wh ich the sun never set. gandhiji was a true believer in simple living and high thinking. he used to put on only a loin-cloth. he taught that true greatness did not lie in pomp and show but in service, love, truth and labour. it has rightly been said about gandhiji that he was the greatest of the great. he is our guiding star. gandhiji was a great thinker and he expressed his views on a very wide range of subjects. in so far as religion was concerned, he believed in the equality and unity of all religions. according to him all religions were different paths to the same goal, and their aim was to make their followers better persons. in his view no religion taught hatred to others ; all religions taught love for all religions. gandhiji had full and firm faith in god, and for him god and religion were inseparable. for him religion and politics could not be separated from each other, because they were like the body and the soul. in is own words, “politics bereft of religion is a death trap, because it kills the soul.” gandhiji’s supreme moral force found expression in satyagraha, which was a means to convert, not to annihilate one’s adversary. satyagraha mean non-violent resistance and a plea for self suffering for a right, just and noble cause. for gandhiji means were as important as ends. ifthi ends were noble, they could not be achieved by ignoble means. the axiom ‘ends justify the means’ was not approved by him. he believed in the use of right means for realising right ends. according to him the connection between the means and the ends was the same as between the seed ani the tree. gandhiji was a staunch believer in ahimsa, which «m not a weapon of the weak but a manifestation of invincibir strength. the high degree of self-restraint, of which the cute of ahimsa was born, was impossible for the faint-hearted ahimsa was a feature of large-heartedness that had no ptaar for hatred, ill-will and anger for the opponent. he would resort to violence against anybody even under the great provocation. so much so that he said, “freedom won violent means was of no use to me.” for gandhiji education did not mean literacy. lite was only an aid to education. he held that true educa was that which was capable of achieving the objective ol round development of man. man constitutes, the body, mind and the spirit. education was aimed at bringing a a balanced and harmonious development of the three. e lopment of any one or two of the three meant a lo development. according to him training of the body essential part of education, because no mental devel was possible without adequate physical training. the r ship between the body and the mind was so interwov their development was impossible independent of each similarly no intellectual attainment was worthwhile spiritual education. he, therefore, advocated a sy education which took care of the body, the mind and simultaneously. gandhiji was of the opinion that education should be closely related to the needs of the : and the country. the education of a child should stan a useful craft hilosophy of the gita, that every living being was a part of the ‘supreme being’ that exists in the soul of all. god was the creator of all and he created all men equal. to him nobody was high or low ; superior or inferior. the practice of untouchability was an anathema to him. he considered it a social evil that had sapped the vitality of our society. he was deeply distressed at the inhuman treatment meted out to nearly one-fifth of our population, who had been reduced to the level of serfs and were being denied all human rights. to him the practice of untouchability was immoral and irreligious, unjust, inhuman and against the principle of human equality. it was unjust and inhuman, because it perpetrated cruelty on a section of people for no fault of theirs. it was immoral because no law of morality permits subjugation of other people. it was against the principle of human equality, because it denied some unfortunate people even the basic human rights. he started a mass campaign for the removal of all sorts of disabilities attached to the harijans.

Telugu

తెలుగులో మహాత్మా మహాత్మా గాంధీ మీద వ్యాస రచనా

Última atualização: 2015-05-21
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Inglês

it was not until 18th century when lavoisier and priestley did a comprehensive work on properties of gases, their exchange and respiration that we came to know something about how the process of gaseous exchange goes on, in our body. you have already studied about some of priestley’s experiments in earlier classes (you have an account of it in the chapter on nutrition as well). recall the concepts and answer the following.

Telugu

18 వ శతాబ్దం వరకు లావోసియర్ మరియు ప్రీస్ట్లీ వాయువుల లక్షణాలు, వాటి మార్పిడి మరియు శ్వాసక్రియలపై సమగ్రమైన పని చేసినప్పుడు, మన శరీరంలో, వాయు మార్పిడి ప్రక్రియ ఎలా సాగుతుందనే దాని గురించి మనకు కొంత తెలుసు. మునుపటి తరగతులలో ప్రీస్ట్లీ చేసిన కొన్ని ప్రయోగాల గురించి మీరు ఇప్పటికే అధ్యయనం చేసారు (పోషణపై అధ్యాయంలో మీకు దాని గురించి ఒక ఖాతా ఉంది). భావనలను గుర్తుచేసుకోండి మరియు కింది వాటికి సమాధానం ఇవ్వండి.

Última atualização: 2020-08-15
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Referência: Anônimo

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