Спросить у Google

Вы искали: co obligant (Английский - Телугу)

Переводы пользователей

Добавлены профессиональными переводчиками и компаниями и на основе веб-страниц и открытых баз переводов.

Добавить перевод

Английский

Телугу

Информация

Английский

co obligant

Телугу

సహ కర్త

Последнее обновление: 2018-08-10
Частота использования: 1
Качество:

Источник: Анонимно

Английский

co

Телугу

మీ langage లో పూర్తి శిక్ష టైప్

Последнее обновление: 2014-06-10
Частота использования: 1
Качество:

Источник: Анонимно

Английский

co education

Телугу

సహ విద్య

Последнее обновление: 2015-01-16
Частота использования: 1
Качество:

Источник: Анонимно

Английский

co sister

Телугу

co sister

Последнее обновление: 2020-05-07
Частота использования: 1
Качество:

Источник: Анонимно

Английский

Palm Springs, CO

Телугу

పాం స్ప్రింగ్స్, కొComment

Последнее обновление: 2011-10-23
Частота использования: 1
Качество:

Источник: Анонимно

Английский

essay on co education

Телугу

విద్యపై వ్యాసాన్ని

Последнее обновление: 2017-12-06
Частота использования: 1
Качество:

Источник: Анонимно

Английский

my favourite sport co co essay

Телугу

నా అభిమాన క్రీడా కో సహ వ్యాసం

Последнее обновление: 2019-02-09
Частота использования: 1
Качество:

Источник: Анонимно

Английский

Women biographies who is doesn't come to limelight

Телугу

అయిన మహిళా జీవిత చరిత్రలు వెలుగులోకి నాకు సహ లేదు

Последнее обновление: 2016-07-29
Частота использования: 1
Качество:

Источник: Анонимно
Предупреждение: Содержит скрытое HTML-форматирование

Английский

your kindIN THIS MATTER YOUR CO-OPERATION WILL BE HIGHLY SOLICITED. cooperation is highly solicited

Телугу

మీ రకమైన సహకారం చాలా అభ్యర్థించబడింది

Последнее обновление: 2019-11-23
Частота использования: 1
Качество:

Источник: Анонимно

Английский

Games Games plays an important role in maintaining a healthy mind, body and soul. Games gives us a lot of exercises in forming our body as well as mind. The improvement of our body and mind keep away diseases. It gives us the ability to take defeat well. A real sportsman will play a fair game always. He must have a cool and pleasant temper. Games foster a spirit of friendship and co-operation among the players. A sportsman must sacrifice his personal interest for the good of the team and take the game seriously. He will take keen interest to win. When a game becomes a profession, a real work of life, no longer remain a recreation to the players. Therefore, games should be played for the sake of enjoyment, pleasure and recreation. If played in the right spirit, games become an important part of life – a better and healthy life.

Телугу

గేమ్స్ మరియు దాని ఉపయోగాలు ప్రాముఖ్యతను

Последнее обновление: 2019-01-10
Частота использования: 2
Качество:

Источник: Анонимно

Английский

CONSENT FORM - I PARTICIPANTS INFORMATION SHEET (PIS) INFORMATION FOR PARTICIPANTS OF THE STUDY. Instructions - This is the patient information sheet. It should address the participant of this study. Depending upon the nature of the individual project, the details provided to the participant may vary. A separate consent form for the patient/test group and control (drug/procedure or placebo) should be provided as applicable. While formulating this sheet, the investigator must provide the following information as applicable in a simple language in English and Telugu which can be understood by the participant • Title of the project ___________ • Name of the investigator/guide _________ • Purpose of this project/study ____________ • Procedure/methods of the study _____________ • Expected duration of the subject participation ______________ • The benefits to be expected from the research to the participant or to others and the post trial responsibilities of the investigator ______________ • Any risks expected from the study to the participant _____________ • Maintenance of confidentiality of records ______________ • Provision of free treatment for research related injury ___________ • Compensation of the participants for disability or death resulting from such injury __ • Freedom to withdraw from the study at any time during the study period without the loss of benefits that the participant would otherwise be entitled __________ • Possible current and future uses of the biological material and of the data to be generated from the research and if the material is likely to be used for secondary purposes or would be shared with others, this should be mentioned ________ • Address and telephone number of the investigator and co-investigator/guide ________ • The patient information sheet must be duly signed by the investigator ___________ --------x---------- CONSENT FORM - II PARTICIPANT INFORMED CONSENT FORM (PICF) Participant’s name: Address: Title of the project: The details of the study have been provided to me in writing and explained to me in my own language. I confirm that I have understood the above study and had the opportunity to ask questions. I understand that my participation in the study is voluntary and that I am free to withdraw at any time, without giving any reason, without the medical care that will normally be provided by the hospital being affected. I agree not to restrict the use of any data or results that arise from this study provided such a use is only for scientific purpose(s). I have been given an information sheet giving details of the study. I fully consent to participate in the above study. Signature of the participant: ______________________ Date: _____________ Signature of the witness: ________________________ Date: _____________ (Note: Consent form II should be appropriately worded for adults and children (less than 18 years) e.g. If the participant is less than 18 years of age, instead of ‘my participation’, ‘my child’s/ward’s participation’ needs to be replaced.)

Телугу

ఔషధాన్ని రూపం

Последнее обновление: 2017-01-20
Частота использования: 1
Качество:

Источник: Анонимно

Английский

Map out some alternative routes. Look for at least two additional ways you can complete your commute. Ideally, you can come up with five (even if some of them are different by only one street). Review maps, both online and offline. Use different colored highlighters on a paper map to explore routes. Online, many map sites offer alternate routes and "no highways" options. Ask co-workers, or other people who make a similar commute. They may know of a shortcut. It also helps to know how to switch from one route to another, at various points of your commute. That way, if you find out there's a sudden traffic jam ahead, you can adapt.

Телугу

QUERY LENGTH LIMIT EXCEDEED. MAX ALLOWED QUERY:2000 CHARS

Последнее обновление: 2016-11-06
Частота использования: 2
Качество:

Источник: Анонимно
Предупреждение: Содержит скрытое HTML-форматирование

Английский

Hello, Fight is still on but the focus has shifted from issues to people. Satyamevajayate • Reply•Share › Avatar Dildara Dildara • 4 days ago As my communication will not give that much worth as yours, hence I am putting my thought before you on resolving water problem - Government shall pass the resolution that every city, town and/or village (e.g. like i'm living in ulhasnagar and ur living at Bandra) has it's own lake which will help at least at the time of summer season as in other seasons that much water is not required. For creation of lake's government may charge from every house depends on number of members living in the house. Please give a thought on this. • Reply•Share › Avatar rama ganga • 4 days ago hai aamir sir... after a long time am talking with you, I was busy in my personal problem...... let it be. Sir there are many people who are unemployed they are educated people but they don't have job.... why this happening I don't know, we are telling that our country is developing country, but still educated people don't have job. Please sir find solution for this problem . • Reply•Share › Avatar CREDAI Clean City Movement • 6 days ago CREDAI Clean City Movement Brochure Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail see more • Reply•Share › Avatar sunny b • 9 days ago hey aamir sir, i also want to join your fight with satyamev jayete..plz lemme knw hw can i help. regardsSunny#9322210951 • Reply•Share › Avatar subhakantabiswal92@gmail • 9 days ago Hi aamir ,I am a student under graduation.I want to join in your team because I want change our society ,our mentality and miss use of power in our society. About your show,it is so much different from other TV shows ,its unique. I want to mention that ,it is only we saw in Hindi, but I think if it is come in all regional languages then who didn't understand Hindi thay also see it,becouse I am from odiasha and many odia middle class people didn't understand Hindi so they avoid the show so please give importants on my suggestion. I think you make a team which work in all our states that's why I and many boys who want to work for our country they get a way of selfless work for India.I think you are the perfect inspiration for young boys & student.please sir I want to work with you .please sir • Reply•Share › Avatar Rashmi Shingavi • 12 days ago Just a thought came in mind seeing television/movies people learn so many things like love story, making girl friend-boy friend ,running and marrying,murder, kidnapping,etc. if in these stories if we add the duty of every citizen like reading newspaper regularly discussing the problems of the nation thinking of solution writing to PM asking for what effective steps PM is taking why given solution which was in majority not taken by PM by these basic things are added in which movie the FAN OF EACH HERO WHICH ARE MILLIONS WILL START DOING THE SAME. if this happens India will soon change toward development of public the day will come when PM write laws as per public demand and not as per their wish which will increase them to earn money which help to reduce or nullify corruption. to start with this I have one solution every movie requires publicity so this can be started through FAN movie(Im tweetting it even you tweet it) and also demand these actors to promote their movie they should go to school/colleges read newspaper discuss the main problems of nation and also discuss the solutions and make them habit of writing the same to PM website and also see that PM implements your solution and the same is not done it should be published on facebook and other social networking site. Im tweeting it even you tweet the same and help Indian cinema to change good night. • Reply•Share › Avatar Aftab Shaikh • 14 days ago मेरा आमिर खान और सत्यमेव जयते की पूरी टीम से एक निवेदन है की आपकी यह वेब साईट राष्ट्रभाषा हिंदी में भी क्यों नहीं है • Reply•Share › Avatar Akash Chopade • 16 days ago मेरा आमिर खान और सत्यमेव जयते की पूरी टीम से एक निवेदन की आप rajivdixitmp3.com इस वेबसाईट पर जाए और उस वेबसाईट मे जिन सामाजिक विषयो पर राजिव दीक्षित जी ने व्याख्यान किए है उनको सूने. मेरा दावा है की इन व्याख्यानो (speeches) सूनने के बाद आप फैसला लेंगे की अगला season इन ज्वलंत विषयो पर ही करे.बल्कि मेरा सारे भारत वासियो से निवेदन है की आप इन व्याख्यानो को सूने.धनूयवाद. • Reply•Share › Avatar v • 23 days ago Dont stop the show! If Aamir is busy, can you not find another anchor to keep the show going? India needs to discuss all the tough challenges we face to improve and grow. • Reply•Share › Avatar Satwinder Setia • a month ago Dear Aamir Wrote you 8 days back about asking for financial donation. I am not sure if you did that or not. Didn't get any mail / response. These forums are good if there is two way communication. So far my experience has been it is simply one way communication. We writing to you - that's it. May be you / your team take cream of all you get and whatever suits you is followed. So, I think 90+% of what's written here by countless people go waste. That's a lot of waste of their time. Bureaucrats and politicians in our country work like this fashion. Hard to approach, hard to talk to. You don't want to be like that. Right? You are better than that. Again, my plea - We represent Hyderabad School parents association and we are in the middle of HC case against schools and Govt to fight the ever increasing menace of unjustified profiteering and school fee hike in double digits for last so many years. The idea of filing a case against govt. gives us kick as it shows how determined we are to even (try to ) move a giant elephant called India politics. We need help. We are asking for what you have abundant of. We, the common people helped you amass insanely huge amount of money. Too much of anything is bad for health - not only yours, but also others. Don't you want to give something back? The act of kindness and gratitude have ripple effects and it sure comes back sooner or later. Do good karma and donate. Remember - There is enough in the world for man's need; but not enough for man's greed. Donation link at our facebook page - /HSPAIndia Satwinder • Reply•Share › Avatar Maitri • a month ago Hi, I really appreciate your efforts to bring change in the country. I have been observing from many years education is becoming a business these days. For teachers only money matters and not the quality of education they are imparting to the children. I think that if education is not received by a child, who is the future of this country, India cannot prosper. Even school's are using books which are very costly instead of the state board books. And in return school's get commission from the book publisher. These books don't contain any qualitative knowledge. I hope you consider this subject in the upcoming season of satyamev jayate. • Reply•Share › Avatar Ravneel • a month ago hi i would like to share my view about this show satyamev jayate. first of all i have enjoyed every episode of season 3 shown in Fiji Islands on FBC Tv. we are about to witness the season finale of the show "When Masculinity Harms Men" on Thursday. i would like to thank Mr.Aamir Khan for bringing such a wonderful show to viewers around the world. My suggestion is that if we want to bring changes to the society then first we have to get rid of the cast system and dowry system in India as this is only practiced in India. It clearly shows the bad image of India to the world in recent times the high number of corruption in government departments in India. Unavailability of basic things such as medicines / water / electricity in India. To tell you the true facts that we in Fiji import almost all the medicines from India because it is the cheapest in the world and also for medical treatments our first priority is India even though countries like Australia and New Zealand are our close neighbours but things are very expensive there. I just cannot image that, if we in Fiji can get these medicines from India at a cheap price in our country then why the ordinary citizens of India cannot get these medicines at a reasonable price in India as it is manufactured there. To all those who have been criticizing Mr.Aamir Khan my suggestion to you all if you are a true Indian then do something positive for your country that will change the mind set of others. In this way you will move forward Jai Hind • Reply•Share › Avatar Satwinder Setia • a month ago Hi Aamir, Have been writing you again after few months. Last time I wrote on this forum was few months back - on the day to defend your stand on intolerance. I must have written 10+ messages that day, if I remember correctly. :-) I, infact, We need your help. I have been part of HSPA ( Hyderabad School Parents Association ) and among all states, Hyderabad private school education is on top - in terms of greed and arbitrary and absolutely unjustified fee hike year after in private schools. We are fighting tooth and nail and trying to put pressure on schools and Govt and asking parents to join us. Our efforts are making a difference, but not much that we want to be. Ministers in Hyderabad love private schools more than public and they love to inaugurate new schools opening every now and then. I am sure lots of monies are exchanging hand when they show up for a new school branch opening. We have decided to take Govt. head on. We have filed PIL ( Public interest litigation ) on Govt of Telengana for their inaction to curb "indecent" school fee hike and hope to put huge pressure on govt to ACT and listen to our woes. Bhopal parents association also did that recently. I have heard many other states this prt. school menace is making life hell for parents and causing them so much of financial burden. Infact recent movie of Juhi chawla also highlighted this issue. We need some help from you - you being social conscience person. 1. A movie which highlight the huge profitability of schools - to spread awareness. If you say, the whole world listens. You have given master pieces before - shaken up beliefs and am sure in that position - we would love to make you hit this huge problem head on with a relevant movie on the subject. 2. Our High Court case against Govt, needs fund. We HSPA members are contributing and asking many of our contacts and other parents to join. Can you please donate too? If you don't want to donate as Aamir khan ( for not to get target of media. You seems to get attention of media even when you sneeze ) , can you please get your donation by other means? Donation is possible through our facebook page - /HSPAIndia ( https://www.facebook.com/HSPAI... ). You have enough by God/nature and some (anonymous) generosity would get you many blessings from parents all over hyderabad and India. I am part of the parents association who earn enough, but the body and people we are fighting is big enough. Movies mai heros praja ko bachata hai. Can you be our real hero with the resource you have aplenty of? Satwinder see more • Reply•Share › Avatar Santosh N Jois • a month ago My adventures with #Composting is shared here: https://www.linkedin.com/pulse... Happy to connect and share and co-create a #Swachh India • Reply•Share › Avatar Goldy Sakhre • a month ago I am a huge fan of this show and i watched all the episodes of this shows. This is great and helpful for improve their lives for better future. Every thing is possible in life when people around us are very good. After a long time i am writing this comment because i was very confused till now in my life but now i can say that i understand how to live our life with passion and courage. I will try to make a better future for me and my family. • Reply•Share › Avatar D Patel • a month ago I watched couple of episode of Satyamev Jayate but I don't like them because your TV shows create negativity in public mind about country which is not good for Indian people. How will they take pride of own country? Every Indian man and women should take pride of own country no matter how our country being operated in many ways. What kind message children would get from your show? Why not Talk about how much progress India has made after freedom, bring some positivity in your show. Do you know India had difficulty making needle at the time of freedom, look at how much progress made in last 60 years. Jaisa bhi desh hai hamara desh hai agar koi baharwala akar kahe ke kais ye tumara desh unko do thappad lagani chahe. • Reply•Share › Avatar Satwinder Setia D Patel • a month ago I somewhat agree with you. There should be balance of reporting. Lots of wonderful things about people. But there are other shows out there - which do that. Hardly there has show which shows issues people face in India. There was a good space there and Aamir pitched in. So, with plenty of good stuff marketed by many other shows, Aamir show is sort of reality check. It's a risky business, but that's what Aamir signature is...:-) • Reply•Share › Avatar D Patel • a month ago I watched couple of episode of Satyamev Jayate but I don't like them because TV your shows create negativity in public mind about country which is not for Indian people. Every Indian man and women should take pride of own country no matter how our country being operated in many ways. What kind message children would get from your show? Why not Talk about how much progress India has made after freedom, bring some positivity in your show. Do you know India had difficulty making needle at the time of freedom look at how much progress made in last 60 years. Jaisa bhi desh hai hamara desh hai koi baharwala akar kahe ke kais ye tumara desh unko do thappad lagani chahe. Yes, India will become a developed country one day. • Reply•Share › Avatar Ritu Pande • a month ago All that said. How about and episode on Female Genital Mutilation? That is really need of the hour today with many women who are suffering from it have started coming forward and protesting. Please sign the petition below to support ban on FGM in India : https://www.change.org/p/end-f... • Reply•Share › Avatar Ritu Pande • a month ago Hello Aamir, Don't let the voice of the few make you believe that all of us in India have lost our mind. To us you are just Aamir whom we respect and look up to for all the good work that you have done. It is easy for us to tell you not to get discouraged, but I can understand it might be difficult. But all we can at our end do is to let you know that we exist and you are not alone. • Reply•Share › Avatar Ritu Pande Ritu Pande • a month ago Though sometimes I kind of feel ashamed and bound to think if we even deserve someone like Aamir to stand up for all of us :-( • Reply•Share › Avatar Deepika Ambwani • a month ago Dear Aamir, I feel really unfortunate that people in this country form perceptions ( good n bad) so easily. Please don't let this discourage you in doing the noble work you are doing for us in India by creating awareness amongst people through SMJ and bringing radical changes in our society and laws. Looking forward to your next season... A proud Hindu supporter. • Reply•Share › Avatar Satwinder Setia Deepika Ambwani • a month ago +1. On the dot. Well said. Judging people is easy, very very easy, but what you have done and taken challenges in bringing satyamev jayate is amazing. I just wish more Movie people share their fortunes and wealth with common man - at least 1-2% percent of what they have. The result would be amazing and also it would be good for you guys who would receive blessings for your generosity. Too much money corrupts mind and body. Too much generosity opens heart and magic happens. • Reply•Share › Avatar truth hurts • a month ago Hi Amir I Saw I video which you show how a kid cheats a old guy by taking him in trust and visit Varanasi and many temples and then go to Ganga and take a bath and then this kids disappear with his clothes and his stuff and I see you always use Hindu faith and try show negative view My question is have you ever made I video where you explain how Islam in negative view have you ever explained how mullah in mosque creat terrorists and claim doing under faith why not you do that because you do not think Islam is misused or are scared of fatwa will be issued to kill you if you say any word negative against Islam • Reply•Share › Avatar Satwinder Setia truth hurts • a month ago Right - too scared. If aamir sneeze, media people would be around. and you are asking him to talk on something which can bring his whole hard earned career down! Only a fool would do that. Instead...learn to read between lines ( rather dialogue ) See "PK" Read between lines / dialogues and you should get it. Something said artistically goes long way than saying bluntly to judgemental audiences. Remember, aamir is an artist. • Reply•Share › Avatar abdulhakim hamza • 2 months ago hi my nama abdulhakim i fall in love with the women and i am afraid to tell her and finally she goes abroad USA and then after one of my friend tell her thathe is (abdulhakim) in love you and then after she called me and ask ME "you love USA or ME " THEN i replied her i love but i fail to tell you she hang up on me and she couldnt answer my phone and i am in hell. please help me • Reply•Share › Avatar Ram • 2 months ago Hi Aamir, I started to watch your show on Old age..(.a bit late) but had to stop it just after 5 minutes to write this message. Instead of judging children as inconsiderate and cruel to parents in their old age, does anyone ever consider the possibility of abuse and wrong upbringing children have to put up with from parents which then reflects on their relationships in old age? My birth mother is in Delhi she is 75 and has given the impression to all he neighbours that none of her children ever come to visit her or look after her. But this due to her own doing. She manipulated, physically and mentally abused us as children. Systematically, one by one. She played us against each other and we had to forgive everything because she was a MOTHER. Till date she has to win every argument, and knows how to play the victim in full glory. She's been to school only till the 5th but she is smarter than all of us put together. Why aren't children considered equal citizens with equal rights when it comes to parents? Why do we turn a blind eye when we see someone beating their children mercilessly even in streets? How can it be good for their own sake? My and my sibling's childhood and teenage years has been ruined because we had to be sacrificed for her ego. If we dared to go against her and even for replying back she would hit us and deprive us of food for days till we were broken and apologised to her. Many time we had to face public humiliation for daring to stand up against her methods. We could not say anything to anyone because she was the MOTHER and no one would belie

Телугу

బింగ్ అనువాదకులు

Последнее обновление: 2016-03-23
Частота использования: 1
Качество:

Источник: Анонимно
Предупреждение: Содержит скрытое HTML-форматирование

Английский

Allows the Agency's committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) to give opinions, in co-operation with the World Health Organization (WHO), on medicinal products for human use that are intended exclusively for markets outside of the European Union (EU).

Телугу

(EU) హ్యుమన్ యూజ్ (CHMP) కోసం మెడిసినల్ ప్రొడక్ట్స్ ఏజెన్సీ యొక్క కమిటీ యూరోపియన్ యూనియన్ వెలుపల మార్కెట్లు కోసం ప్రత్యేకంగా ఉద్దేశించిన మానవ ఉపయోగానికి ఔషధ ఉత్పత్తుల పై ప్రపంచ ఆరోగ్య సంస్థ (WHO) తో సహ ఆపరేషన్ అభిప్రాయాలను ఇవ్వాలని అనుమతిస్తుంది .

Последнее обновление: 2015-08-31
Частота использования: 1
Качество:

Источник: Анонимно

Английский

jSome of the important Merits and the Demerits of Joint Family System in India are as follows: In India, the joint family system has continued down the ages for various reasons. As we all know, a particular social institution continues to exist so long as it has a purpose to serve. It always responds to the social requirements of the times. It stagnates and finally withers away only when there is no proper leadership to direct it. Family Image Courtesy : jrobertsphotography.com.au/files/2713628/uploaded/20001.jpg In the Indian context, the system continued due to a host of factors. First, our country was under foreign domination for several centuries. Secondly, the leadership, perhaps unimaginatively, believed in continuity for its own sake, rather than in change. Thirdly, there was a sort of indifferent passivity on the part of the leaders. It could, of course, be also due to the exhaustion of the will to act. Be it as it may, let us now discuss the merits and the demerits of the system. Merits of the Joint Family: (1) Simple division of labour: Joint family system enjoys all the advantages of a simple division of labour. Here the work is distributed among the members on the basis of age and sex keeping individual ability in view. In an agricultural economy much manpower is needed for sowing, ploughing, harvesting and also protecting crops from heat and wind. The male members are engaged in such work as furrowing, sowing and irrigation. Children, old persons and women watch the crops in the field particularly during the harvesting period. In this way, the co-operation of all members helps to save money that would have otherwise been paid to outside labourers. Moreover, every member of the family is ensured of at least some food, clothing and shelter, which are very essential for a healthy and developed economy. (2) Avoids fragmentation of land: So far as the joint family is concerned, the property is held in common. As such it does away with the evils of subdivision and fragmentation of land and promotes scientific farming. It enjoys all the advantages of large scale production. (3) Money saving device: A joint family is advantageous from the economic standpoint. Since things are consumed in a large quantity, they can be procured at a cheap rate. Again so far as accommodation is concerned, the joint family saves money that would have otherwise been paid for establishing separate households. Besides, the family saves considerable amount of money by not employing outside labour. (4) Insurance against odds: Favouring the joint family system Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru has remarked that it is an insurance against difficult times. It provides social security to its members, especially to the old, the children, the insane, the widows, the physically handicapped and the helpless. Further, the joint family plays an important role in providing much assistance and help at such time as pregnancy, sickness etc. Life of an individual in the joint family is properly looked after right from the cradle to the grave. (5) Place of recreation: The joint family is an ideal place for recreation. It is instrumental in creating a stimulating atmosphere through the cumulative effect of the lisping talk of the children, the expression of sisterly, brotherly and motherly love, the reproach of the elders and the fun and frolic of the other family members. In this way the joint family naturally acts as a veritable source of recreation with immunity from monotony and boredom. (6) Satisfaction of basic needs: Food, clothing and shelter are the basic needs of man. The joint family system caters to these basic needs of its members. (7) Provides leisure: So far as joint family system is concerned, work is shared by all the members on the basis of age, sex and experience. Hence they avail ample leisure. (8) Social control: The joint family acts as an agency of social control. The social control .exercised by the joint family is informal in nature. Under the constant vigilance of the elders, the undesirable and antisocial propensities of the youngsters are properly checked and thus they are not allowed to go astray. All members scrupulously observe family rules and regulations and respect the elders. (9) Cradle of social virtues: The joint family fosters good qualities among its members. They are taught discipline, patience, co-operation, obedience, generosity, selfless service etc. which are virtues of a social life and a real possession of every individual. Dr. R. K. Mukherjee rightly observes, “The joint family system, based on the virtue of affection, produced that peculiar socio­economic outlook in Indian economic organisation which contrasts so favorably with the aggressive individualism of the west.” (10) Provides psychological security: The joint family provides psychological security to its members. By attaching supreme importance to collective interests it arrests the growth of excessive individualism and promotes social solidarity. (11) Co-operation and economy: The joint family fosters co-operation and economy achieved by few other institutions. Cultural unity and associational feeling are markedly visible among the members. (12) Socialism in wealth: Joint family instills the socialistic spirit among the members. According to Jathar and Berry, everyone in a joint family earns according to his capabilities but obtains according to his need. In this way, in a joint family the socialistic ideal “from each according to his ability, to each according to his needs” is realized. (13) Continuity of culture: In a joint family, the younger members are immensely benefitted by the experiences of elders. The elders also guide the young members in developing joint family sentiment and broad social outlook. All these are potent factors in the continuance of cultural traditions. This institution of joint family though of ancient origin has not only survived for its manifold virtues but has stimulated the social life. It has ensured the continuity of rich traditional value and culture. Demerits of the Joint Family: In the present context, the joint family system, for the most part, has lost its effectiveness. Some of its merits have turned out to be dysfunctional in certain respects. The demerits of the joint family system are as follows: 1. Hindrance in the development of personality: One of the ugliest features of the joint family system is that it stands in the way of the development of the personalities of its members. It so happens that the oldest member very often assumes rulership. He, in virtue of his age, tends to look upon all others as mere children. He behaves with them accordingly. As a result, the other members, though they are full-blown individuals, fail to develop their personalities in a natural way. They get dwarfed emotionally and intellectually. Furthermore, the youngsters in the joint family do not get enough scope to develop qualities like adventure, initiative, self- determination, industriousness etc. 2. Strife: One word of opposition or of self-assertion with dignity from the daughters-in-law is enough to set the house on fire literally. They are abused and even beaten by their husbands who are provoked to do so by their mothers. Mutual hatred and jealousy among the daughters-in-law leads to enmity among the brothers themselves. There is round-the clock infighting over the doings of children. Adults are compelled to spend their precious time in the setting of petty quarrels. The house gets divided against itself. 3. Source of litigation: The joint family system encourages litigation. Normally disputes occur at the time of the partition of movable or immovable property. Often they assume serious proportions and ordinarily these are not settled without the intervention of the court of law. Moreover, the disputes involve colossal wastage of time, energy, money and more importantly loss of mental equilibrium. 4. Loss of privacy: Privacy is practically absent in a joint family set-up. The newlywed couple hardly avail an opportunity to develop intimacy between them. This lack of privacy naturally leads to frustration and psychological disturbances. Again over crowdedness also has its baneful effects on the development of children. 5. The deplorable condition of women: This is one of the major causes for the disintegration of joint family system. In the joint family, the daughters-in-law do not get any opportunity whatsoever to unfold their potentialities, talents etc. They are expected to serve the whole family like slaves. More often than not, they cannot afford to look after their own children for fear of censure etc. They can hardly meet their husbands during day time. The position is no better at night. The husbands return home and either fall asleep or merely gratify sexual impulse with them without any emotional overtones to the act. Mothers-in-law do untold injustice to daughters-in-law. The other relatives make things even worse for the poor brides. This often leads to the very tragic phenomenon of commission of suicide. The husband-wife, mother-child relations become purely artificial without a touch of spontaneity about them. 6. Lethargy and Indolence: Due to collective responsibility most members tend to be lethargic. The reason is simple. They get all the facilities, whether or not they work hard. The wives of the hard-working members instigate them not to exert themselves unnecessarily. The net result of all this is that while a few members do honest labour, the majority profit at their expense and do nothing but eat, sleep and bring forth offspring. 7. Uncontrolled procreation: Since the responsibility of bringing up children is purely collective, individual parents do not feel the necessity of limiting the size of their families. Family planning does not confer any additional advantages on the practitioner in a joint set-up. Nor does the member who earns more get any additional benefit there from. This has a highly depressing effect on such members and simultaneously, promotes irresponsibility among others. The upshot of it all is that they procreate children rather irresponsibly adding to the collective burden. 8. Child marriage: Incidence of child marriage is quite high in case of the joint family. Factors like perception of marriage as a burden on the part of ‘Karta’ and the eagerness of the elderly people to see the marriage of their grandsons and granddaughters lead to child marriage. Child marriage not only affects the physical and mental health of the children but also contributes to the rapid growth of population. 9. Limits social mobility: The joint family system hinders the process of social mobility. Factors like intimate familial ties and sentimental attachment of the members to the family limit social mobility. 10. Miserable economic condition: Due to prevalence of many formidable factors such as the daily strife, the deplorable plight of women, absolute rule of elders, lack of responsibility on youngsters and blind procreation, the economic condition of the joint family becomes very dismal and miserable. Everyone in a joint family knows that whatsoever he spends will be managed by the family. He will, therefore, not try to save but will, on the other hand, spend to the maximum. This is certainly an unhealthy practice pursued by some in a joint family set-up. Again, being joint responsibility common property is neglected and particularly nobody pays any care and attention to the landed property. Produce considerably comes down. There is no initiative and this result in lowering of standard. 11. Hinders social change: The joint family system believes in conservative practices, status quo, customs and traditions. As such, the process of social change is arrested to a remarkable extent. To sum up, the defects of the joint family far outweigh the advantages which accrue from it and have negative them. Consequently, the joint family is fast becoming disorganised. It is impossible to save the joint family system from disorganization, though its advantages can, with effort, be reinstituted in novel form in the nuclear families.

Телугу

ఉమ్మడి కుటుంబం వ్యాసం

Последнее обновление: 2015-08-25
Частота использования: 1
Качество:

Источник: Анонимно

Английский

i like rose flowers very much. its a beautiful flower, it comes in various co lours like red, pink, yellow. but it also has thorns which protects the plant.

Телугу

క్లాస్ 1 తెలుగులో పుష్పం వ్యాసం పెరిగింది

Последнее обновление: 2015-07-19
Частота использования: 1
Качество:

Источник: Анонимно

Получите качественный перевод благодаря усилиям
4,401,923,520 пользователей

Сейчас пользователи ищут:



Для Вашего удобства мы используем файлы cookie. Факт перехода на данный сайт подтверждает Ваше согласие на использование cookies. Подробнее. OK