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Senast uppdaterad: 2011-10-23
the toco toucan (ramphastos toco), also known as the common toucan, giant toucan or simply toucan, is the largest and probably the best known species in the toucan family. it is found in semi open habitats throughout a large part of central and eastern south america. it is a common attraction in zoos. toco toucan toco toucan (ramphastos toco) in papaya tree (carica papaya) (28997424215).jpg conservation status least concern (iucn 3.1) scientific classification edit kingdom: animalia phylum:
ಟೊಕೊ ಟೂಕನ್ (ರಾಮ್ಫಾಸ್ಟೋಸ್ ಟೊಕೊ) ಅನ್ನು ಸಾಮಾನ್ಯ ಟಕನ್, ದೈತ್ಯ ಟೂಕನ್ ಅಥವಾ ಸರಳವಾಗಿ ಟಕನ್ ಎಂದೂ ಕರೆಯುತ್ತಾರೆ, ಇದು ಟೂಕನ್ ಕುಟುಂಬದಲ್ಲಿ ಅತಿದೊಡ್ಡ ಮತ್ತು ಬಹುಶಃ ಪ್ರಸಿದ್ಧ ಜಾತಿಯಾಗಿದೆ. ಇದು ಮಧ್ಯ ಮತ್ತು ಪೂರ್ವ ದಕ್ಷಿಣ ಅಮೆರಿಕದ ಬಹುಪಾಲು ಭಾಗಗಳಲ್ಲಿ ಅರೆ ತೆರೆದ ಆವಾಸಸ್ಥಾನಗಳಲ್ಲಿ ಕಂಡುಬರುತ್ತದೆ. ಇದು ಪ್ರಾಣಿಸಂಗ್ರಹಾಲಯಗಳಲ್ಲಿ ಸಾಮಾನ್ಯ ಆಕರ್ಷಣೆಯಾಗಿದೆ. ಪಪ್ಪಾಯಿ ಟ್ರೀ (ಕ್ಯಾರಿಕಾ ಪಪ್ಪಾಯಿ) (28997424215) ನಲ್ಲಿ ಟೊಕೊ ಟೂಕನ್ ಟೊಕೊ ಟೂಕನ್ (ರಾಮ್ಫಾಸ್ಟೊಸ್ ಟೊಕೊ) .jpg ಸಂರಕ್ಷಣೆ ಸ್ಥಿತಿ ಕಡಿಮೆ ಕಾಳಜಿ (ಐಯುಸಿಎನ್ 3.1)  ವೈಜ್ಞಾನಿಕ ವರ್ಗೀಕರಣ ಸಂಪಾದನೆ ಕಿಂಗ್ಡಮ್: ಅನಿಮಲಿಯಾ ಫಿಲಮ್:
Senast uppdaterad: 2020-01-02
poverty in india is widespread, and a variety of methods have been proposed to measure it. the official measure of indian government, before 2005, was based on food security and it was defined from per capita expenditure for a person to consume enough calories and be able to pay for associated essentials to survive. since 2005, indian government adopted the tendulkar methodology which moved away from calorie anchor to a basket of goods and used rural, urban and regional minimum expenditure per capita necessary to survive. the world bank has similarly revised its definition and benchmarks to measure poverty since 1990, with $1.25 per day income on purchasing power parity basis as the definition in use from 2005 to 2013. some semi-economic and non-economic indices have also been proposed to measure poverty in india; for example, the multi-dimensional poverty index placed 33% weight on number of years spent in school and education and 6.25% weight on financial condition of a person, in order to determine if that person is poor. the different definitions and different underlying small sample surveys used to determine poverty in india, have resulted in widely different estimates of poverty from 1950s to 2010s. in 2013, the indian government stated 21.9% of its population is below its official poverty limit. the world bank, in 2010 based on 2005's ppps international comparison program, estimated 32.7% of indian population, or about 400 million people, lived below $1.25 per day on purchasing power parity basis. according to united nations development programme, an estimated 29.8% of indians lived below poverty line in 2009-2010. poverty in india is a historical reality. from late 19th century through early 20th century, under british colonial rule, poverty in india intensified, peaking in 1920s. famines and diseases killed millions each time. after india gained its independence in 1947, mass deaths from famines were prevented, but poverty increased, peaking post-independence in 1960s. rapid economic growth since 1991, has led to sharp reductions in extreme poverty in india. however, those above poverty line live a fragile economic life. lack of basic essentials of life such as safe drinking water, sanitation, housing, health infrastructure as well as malnutrition impact the lives of hundreds of millions. the world bank reviewed and proposed revisions in may 2014, to its poverty calculation methodology and purchasing power parity basis for measuring poverty worldwide, including india. according to this revised methodology, the world had 872.3 million people below the new poverty line, of which 179.6 million people lived in india. in other words, india with 17.5% of total world's population, had 20.6% share of world's poorest in 2013.
Senast uppdaterad: 2015-02-03