Şunu aradınız:: we need to keep our environment clean (İngilizce - Tamilce)

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İngilizce

we need to keep our environment clean

Tamilce

Son Güncelleme: 2021-01-27
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İngilizce

essay how to keep our environment clean

Tamilce

சுத்தமான நமது சூழலில் வைக்க எவ்வாறு கட்டுரை

Son Güncelleme: 2017-01-30
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İngilizce

essay how to keep our school environment clean

Tamilce

எங்கள் பள்ளி சூழலை எவ்வாறு சுத்தமாக வைத்திருக்க வேண்டும் என்ற கட்டுரை

Son Güncelleme: 2020-01-26
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İngilizce

keeping our environment clean

Tamilce

எங்கள் சூழலை சுத்தமாக வைத்து

Son Güncelleme: 2016-07-27
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İngilizce

essay how to keep our school clean

Tamilce

சுத்தமான எங்கள் பள்ளி வைத்து எப்படி கட்டுரை

Son Güncelleme: 2017-09-17
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Referans: Siraj786

İngilizce

essay how to keep our water sorces clean

Tamilce

கட்டுரை எங்கள் நீர் சூனியங்களை சுத்தமாக வைத்திருப்பது எப்படி

Son Güncelleme: 2019-12-23
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İngilizce

we did not send an army against his people from the heaven after his death nor did we need to send one.

Tamilce

தவிர, நாம் அவருக்குப் பின்னால் அவருடைய சமூகத்தார் மீது வானத்திலிருந்து எந்த சேனையையும் (அவர்களை அழிப்பதற்காக) இறக்கிவைக்கவில்லை அப்படி இறக்கி வைப்பவராகவும் நாம் இல்லை.

Son Güncelleme: 2014-07-03
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İngilizce

in order to generate a useful bug report we need some information about both the crash and your system. (you may also need to install some debug packages.)

Tamilce

@ title

Son Güncelleme: 2011-10-23
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İngilizce

conclusion clean water is very essential component of life, so we need to conserve water for the future safety. clean water is not only a necessity of human beings but it is also important for the survival of other species. if we save water we will also be helping other species to survive on earth and help preserve the biodiversity of a place.

Tamilce

பூமியிலுள்ள அனைத்து உயிரினங்களுக்கும் இயற்கை அன்னை அளித்த விலைமதிப்பற்ற பரிசு நீர். நம் வாழ்வில் தண்ணீரின் முக்கியத்துவத்தை நாம் அனைவரும் புரிந்துகொள்கிறோம், தண்ணீர் இல்லாத வாழ்க்கையை கற்பனை செய்து பார்க்க முடியவில்லை. பூமியில் உள்ள எல்லாவற்றிற்கும் மனிதர்கள், விலங்குகள், மரங்கள், தாவரங்கள், பூச்சிகள் மற்றும் பிற உயிரினங்கள் போன்ற நீர் தேவை. நாம் ஏன் தண்ணீரை சேமிக்க வேண்டும் மழை மற்றும் ஆவியாதல் செயல்முறை மூலம் பூமியில் நீரின் சமநிலை பராமரிக்கப்படுகிறது. பூமியின் நான்காவது மேற்பரப்பு நீரால் மூடப்பட்டிருக்கும்; இருப்பினும் இது மிகக் குறைந்த சதவீதத்தைக் கொண்டுள்ளது

Son Güncelleme: 2019-11-26
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İngilizce

deforestation is the process of clearing trees and forest for other uses. deforestation usually occurs due to city expansion. as habitats increase in cities, there is a need to create more space the for homes, organizations, and factories. this, however, has a damning effect on our environment.

Tamilce

காடழிப்பு என்பது மரங்களையும் காடுகளையும் மற்ற பயன்பாடுகளுக்காக அகற்றும் செயல்முறையாகும். நகர விரிவாக்கம் காரணமாக காடழிப்பு பொதுவாக நிகழ்கிறது. நகரங்களில் வாழ்விடங்கள் அதிகரிக்கும் போது, வீடுகள், நிறுவனங்கள் மற்றும் தொழிற்சாலைகளுக்கு அதிக இடத்தை உருவாக்க வேண்டிய அவசியம் உள்ளது. எவ்வாறாயினும், இது நமது சூழலில் மோசமான விளைவை ஏற்படுத்துகிறது.

Son Güncelleme: 2020-01-02
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İngilizce

we may need to contact you in the future to ask for further information. as we need to keep track of the bug reports, you need to have an account on the kde bug tracking system. if you do not have one, you can create one here: %1

Tamilce

@ info/ rich

Son Güncelleme: 2011-10-23
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İngilizce

environmental pollution, problems and control measures – overview a. introduction and definition of environmental pollution – we know that, a living organism cannot live by itself. organisms interact among themselves. hence, all organisms, such as plants, animals and human beings, as well as the physical surroundings with whom we interact, form a part of our environment. all these constituents of the environment are dependent upon each other. thus, they maintain a balance in nature. as we are the only organisms try to modify the environment to fulfill our needs; it is our responsibility to take necessary steps to control the environmental imbalances. the environmental imbalance gives rise to various environmental problems. some of the environmental problems are pollution, soil erosion leading to floods, salt deserts and sea recedes, desertification, landslides, change of river directions, extinction of species, and vulnerable ecosystem in place of more complex and stable ecosystems, depletion of natural resources, waste accumulation, deforestation, thinning of ozone layer and global warming. the environmental problems are visualized in terms of pollution, growth in population, development, industrialization, unplanned urbanization etc. rapid migration and increase in population in the urban areas has also lead to traffic congestion, water shortages, solid waste, and air, water and noise pollution are common noticeable problems in almost all the urban areas since last few years. environmental pollution is defined as the undesirable change in physical, chemical and biological characteristics of our air, land and water. as a result of over-population, rapid industrializations, and other human activities like agriculture and deforestation etc., earth became loaded with diverse pollutants that were released as by-products. pollutants are generally grouped under two classes: (a) biodegradable pollutants – biodegradable pollutants are broken down by the activity of micro-organisms and enter into the biogeochemical cycles. examples of such pollutants are domestic waste products, urine and faucal matter, sewage, agricultural residue, paper, wood and cloth etc. (b) non- biodegradable pollutants – non-biodegradable pollutants are stronger chemical bondage, do not break down into simpler and harmless products. these include various insecticides and other pesticides, mercury, lead, arsenic, aluminum, plastics, radioactive waste etc. b. classification of environmental pollution – pollution can be broadly classified according to the components of environment that are polluted. major of these are: air pollution, water pollution, soil pollution (land degradation) and noise pollution. details of these types of pollutions are discussed below with their prevention measures. (1) air pollution: air is mainly a mixture of various gases such as oxygen, carbon dioxide, nitrogen. these are present in a particular ratio. whenever there is any imbalance in the ratio of these gases, air pollution is caused. the sources of air pollution can be grouped as under pds_air_pollution_0 (i) natural; such as, forest fires, ash from smoking volcanoes, dust storm and decay of organic matters. (ii) man-made due to population explosion, deforestation, urbanization and industrializations. certain activities of human beings release several pollutants in air, such as carbon monoxide (co), sulfur dioxide (so2), hydrocarbons (hc), oxides of nitrogen (nox), lead, arsenic, asbestos, radioactive matter, and dust. the major threat comes from burning of fossil fuels, such as coal and petroleum products. thermal power plants, automobiles and industries are major sources of air pollution as well. due to progress in atomic energy sector, there has been an increase in radioactivity in the atmosphere. mining activity adds to air pollution in the form of particulate matter. progress in agriculture due to use of fertilizers and pesticides has also contributed towards air pollution. indiscriminate cutting of trees and clearing of forests has led to increase in the amount of carbon dioxide in atmosphere. global warming is a consequence of green house effect caused by increased level of carbon dioxide (co2). ozone (o3) depletion has resulted in uv radiation striking our earth. the gaseous composition of unpolluted air the gases parts per million (vol) nitrogen 756,500 oxygen 202,900 water 31,200 argon 9,000 carbon dioxide 305 neon 17.4 helium 5.0 methane 0.97-1.16 krypton 0.97 nitrous oxide 0.49 hydrogen 0.49 xenon 0.08 organic vapours ca.0.02 harmful effects of air pollution – (a) it affects respiratory system of living organisms and causes bronchitis, asthma, lung cancer, pneumonia etc. carbon monoxide (co) emitted from motor vehicles and cigarette smoke affects the central nervous system. (b) due to depletion of ozone layer, uv radiation reaches the earth. uv radiation causes skin cancer, damage to eyes and immune system. (c) acid rain is also a result of air pollution. this is caused by presence of oxides of nitrogen and sulfur in the air. these oxides dissolve in rain water to form nitric acid and sulfuric acid respectively. various monuments, buildings, and statues are damaged due to corrosion by acid present in the rain. the soil also becomes acidic. the cumulative effect is the gradual degradation of soil and a decline in forest and agricultural productivity. (d) the green house gases, such as carbon dioxide (co2) and methane (ch4) trap the heat radiated from earth. this leads to an increase in earth’s temperature. (e) some toxic metals and pesticides also cause air pollution. [for more refer industrial dust, air pollution and related occupational diseases ] (2) water pollution: water is one of the prime necessities of life. with increasing number of people depend on this resource; water has become a scarce commodity. pollution makes even the limited available water unfit for use. water is said to be polluted when there is any physical, biological or chemical change in water quality that adversely affects living organisms or makes water unsuitable for use. sources of water pollution are mainly factories, power plants, coal mines and oil wells situated either close to water source or away from sources. they discharge pollutants directly or indirectly into the water sources like river, lakes, water streams etc. the harmful effects of water pollution are: (a) human beings become victims of various water borne diseases, such as typhoid, cholera, dysentery, hepatitis, jaundice, etc. (b) the presence of acids/alkalies in water destroys the microorganisms, thereby hindering the self-purification process in the rivers or water bodies. agriculture is affected badly due to polluted water. marine eco-systems are affected adversely. (c) the sewage waste promotes growth of phytoplankton in water bodies; causing reduction of dissolved oxygen. (d) poisonous industrial wastes present in water bodies affect the fish population and deprives us of one of our sources of food. it also kills other animals living in fresh water. (e) the quality of underground water is also affected due to toxicity and pollutant content of surface water. (2.1) water pollution by industries and its effects – industrial_waterpollutiona change in the chemical, physical, biological, and radiological quality of water that is injurious to its uses. the term “water pollution” generally refers to human-induced changes to water quality. thus, the discharge of toxic chemicals from industries or the release of human or livestock waste into a nearby water body is considered pollution. the contamination of ground water of water bodies like rivers, lakes, wetlands, estuaries, and oceans can threaten the health of humans and aquatic life. sources of water pollution may be divided into two categories. (i) point-source pollution, in which contaminants are discharged from a discrete location. sewage outfalls and oil spills are examples of point-source pollution. (ii) non-point-source or diffuse pollution, referring to all of the other discharges that deliver contaminants to water bodies. acid rain and unconfined runoff from agricultural or urban areas falls under this category. the principal contaminants of water include toxic chemicals, nutrients, biodegradable organics, and bacterial & viral pathogens. water pollution can affect human health when pollutants enter the body either via skin exposure or through the direct consumption of contaminated drinking water and contaminated food. prime pollutants, including ddt and polychlorinated biphenyls (pcbs), persist in the natural environment and bioaccumulation occurs in the tissues of aquatic organisms. these prolonged and persistent organic pollutants are transferred up the food chain and they can reach levels of concern in fish species that are eaten by humans. moreover, bacteria and viral pathogens can pose a public health risk for those who drink contaminated water or eat raw shellfish from polluted water bodies. contaminants have a significant impact on aquatic ecosystems. enrichment of water bodies with nutrients (principally nitrogen and phosphorus) can result in the growth of algae and other aquatic plants that shade or clog streams. if wastewater containing biodegradable organic matter is discharged into a stream with inadequate dissolved oxygen, the water downstream of the point of discharge will become anaerobic and will be turbid and dark. settleable solids will be deposited on the streambed, and anaerobic decomposition will occur. over the reach of stream where the dissolved-oxygen concentration is zero, a zone of putrefaction will occur with the production of hydrogen sulfide (h2s), ammonia (nh3), and other odorous gases. because many fish species require a minimum of 4–5 mg of dissolved oxygen per liter of water, they will be unable to survive in this portion of the stream. direct exposures to toxic chemicals are also a health concern for individual aquatic plants and animals. chemicals such as pesticides are frequently transported to lakes and rivers via runoff, and they can have harmful effects on aquatic life. toxic chemicals have been shown to reduce the growth, survival, reproductive output, and disease resistance of exposed organisms. these effects can have important consequences for the viability of aquatic populations and communities. wastewater discharges are most commonly controlled through effluent standards and discharge permits. under this system, discharge permits are issued with limits on the quantity and quality of effluents. water-quality standards are sets of qualitative and quantitative criteria designed to maintain or enhance the quality of receiving waters. criteria can be developed and implemented to protect aquatic life against acute and chronic effects and to safeguard humans against deleterious health effects, including cancer. [ for more refer ‘water conservation – need-of-the-day for our very survival‘ ] (3) soil pollution (land degradation): land pollution is due to (i) deforestation and (ii) dumping of solid wastes. deforestation increases soil erosion; thus valuable agricultural land is lost. solid wastes from household and industries also pollute land and enhance land degradation. solid wastes include things from household waste and of industrial wastes. they include ash, glass, peelings of fruit and vegetables, paper, clothes, plastics, rubber, leather, brick, sand, metal, waste from cattle shed, night soil and cow dung. chemicals discharged into air, such as compounds of sulfur and lead, eventually come to soil and pollute it. the heaps of solid waste destroy the natural beauty and surroundings become dirty. pigs, dogs, rats, flies, mosquitoes visit the dumped waste and foul smell comes from the waste. the waste may block the flow of water in the drain, which then becomes the breeding place for mosquitoes. mosquitoes are carriers of parasites of malaria and dengue. consumption of polluted water causes many diseases, such as cholera, diarrhea and dysentery. [ for more refer solid waste disposal -a burning problem to be resolved to save environment ] (4) noise pollution : health_effects_of_noisehigh level noise is a disturbance to the human environment. because of urbanization, noise in all areas in a city has increased considerably. one of the most pervasive sources of noise in our environment today is those associated with transportation. people reside adjacent to highways, are subjected to high level of noise produced by trucks and vehicles pass on the highways. prolonged exposure to high level of noise is very much harmful to the health of mankind. in industry and in mines the main sources of noise pollution are blasting, movement of heavy earth moving machines, drilling, crusher and coal handling plants etc. the critical value for the development of hearing problems is at 80 decibels. chronic exposure to noise may cause noise-induced hearing loss. high noise levels can contribute to cardiovascular effects. moreover, noise can be a causal factor in workplace accidents. c. fundamentals of prevention and control of air pollution: as mentioned above, air pollutants can be gaseous or particulate matters. different techniques for controlling these pollutants are discussed below: a. methods of controlling gaseous pollutants – 1. combustion – this technique is used when the pollutants are in the form of organic gases or vapors. during flame combustion or catalytic process, these organic pollutants are converted into water vapor and relatively less harmful products, such as co2. 2. absorption – in this technique, the gaseous effluents are passed through scrubbers or absorbers. these contain a suitable liquid absorbent, which removes or modifies one or more of the pollutants present in the gaseous effluents. 3. adsorption – the gaseous effluents are passed through porous solid adsorbents kept in suitable containers. the organic and inorganic constituents of the effluent gases are trapped at the interface of the solid adsorbent by physical adsorbent. b. methods to control particulate emissions – 1. mechanical devices generally work on the basis of the following: dustbagfilter (i) gravity: in this process, the particles settle down by gravitational force. (ii) sudden change in direction of the gas flow. this causes the particles to separate out due to greater momentum. 2. fabric filters: the gases containing dust are passed through a porous medium. these porous media may be woven or filled fabrics. the particles present in the gas are trapped and collected in the filters. the gases freed from the particles are discharged. 3. wet scrubbers: wet scrubbers are used in chemical, mining and metallurgical industries to trap so2, nh3, metal fumes, etc. 4. electrostatic precipitators: when a gas or an air stream containing aerosols in the form of dust, fumes or mist, is passed between two electrodes, then, the aerosol particles get precipitated on the electrode. dustelectrostaticprecipitator c. other practices in controlling air pollution – apart from the above, following practices also help in controlling air pollution. (i) use of better designed equipment and smokeless fuels, hearths in industries and at home. (ii) automobiles should be properly maintained and adhere to recent emission-control standards. (iii) more trees should be planted along road side and houses. (iv) renewable energy sources, such as wind, solar energy, ocean currents, should fulfill energy needs. (v) tall chimneys should be installed for vertical dispersion of pollutants. d. general air pollution control devices / equipments for industries – the commonly used equipments / process for control of dust in various industries are (a) mechanical dust collectors in the form of dust cyclones; (b) electrostatic precipitators – both dry and wet system; (c) particulate scrubbers; (d) water sprayer at dust generation points; (e) proper ventilation system and (f) various monitoring devices to know the concentration of dust in general body of air. the common equipments / process used for control of toxic / flue gases are the (a) process of desulphurisation; (b) process of denitrification; (c) gas conditioning etc. and (d) various monitoring devices to know the efficacy of the systems used. e. steps, in general, to be taken for reduction of air pollution – to change our behavior in order to reduce air pollution at home as well as on the road, few following small steps taken by us would lead to clean our environment. at home: 1. avoid using chemical pesticides or fertilizers in your yard and garden. many fertilizers are a source of nitrous oxide, a greenhouse gas that contributes to global warming. try organic products instead. 2. compost your yard waste instead of burning it. outdoor burning is not advisable, as it pollutes air. breathing this smoke is bad for you, your family and your neighbors. plus, you can use the compost in your garden. 3. if you use a wood stove or fireplace to heat your home, it would be better to consider switching to another form of heat which does not generate smoke. it is always better to use sweater or warm clothing than using fireplace. 4. be energy efficient. most traditional sources of energy burn fossil fuels, causing air pollution. keep your home well-maintained with weather-stripping, storm windows, and insulation. lowering your thermostat can also help – and for every two degrees fahrenheit you lower it, you save about two percent on your heating bill. 5. plant trees and encourage other to plant trees as well. trees absorb and store carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, and filter out air pollution. during warmer days, trees provide cool air, unnecessary use of energy on air conditioning is avoided, hence the air pollution. 6. try to stop smoking; at home, at office or at outside. tobacco smoking not only deteriorates self’s health, it affects others health too. on the road: 7. keep your vehicle well maintained. a poorly maintained engine both creates more air pollution and uses more fuel. replace oil and air filters regularly, and keep your tires properly inflated. 8. drive less. walking, bicycling, riding the bus, or working from home can save you money as well as reducing air pollution. 9. don’t idle your vehicle. if you stop for more than 30 seconds, except in traffic, turn off your engine. 10. don’t buy more car than you need. four-wheel drive, all-wheel drive, engine size, vehicle weight, and tire size all affect the amount of fuel your vehicle uses. the more fuel it uses the more air pollution it causes. d. water pollution prevention and control: water is a key resource for our quality of life. it also provides natural habitats and eco-systems for plant and animal species. access to clean water for drinking and sanitary purposes is a precondition for human health and well-being. clean unpolluted water is essential for our ecosystems. plants and animals in lakes, rivers and seas react to changes in their environment caused by changes in chemical water quality and physical disturbance of their habitat. water pollution is a human-induced change in the chemical, physical, biological, and radiological quality of water that is injurious to its existing, intended, or potential uses such as boating, waterskiing, swimming, the consumption of fish, and the health of aquatic organisms and ecosystems. thus, the discharge of toxic chemicals from a pipe or the release of livestock waste into a nearby water body is considered pollution. the contamination of ground water, rivers, lakes, wetlands, estuaries, and oceans can threaten the health of humans and aquatic life. contaminants have a significant impact on aquatic ecosystems. for example, enrichment of water bodies with nutrients (principally nitro

Tamilce

sutru suzhal pathukappu கட்டுரை என்னை சொல்ல

Son Güncelleme: 2015-04-27
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Uyarı: Görünmez HTML biçimlendirmesi içeriyor

İngilizce

respected principal, vice principal, teachers and beloved students – warm greetings everyone! i take immense pleasure to thank the school for giving me the opportunity to deliver a speech on the importance of children’s day. being a parent, i realize how important it is in the recent times to rejoice this wonderful occasion. it was pundit nehru’s dream that all the children of the nation must be educated and knowledgeable which mainly implies that they should be paying attention to all subjects equally as every subject is associated with certain amount of concepts which will help you to grow in your future life. in memory of the great leader and to honor his love for children, november 14 is celebrated in india as children’s day. it is also referred to as bal diwas by a number of people. several children across the world suffer from atrocities which are innumerable. we must ensure that the rights of children are protected and they are not exploited. it is rightly said that “god is closest to children because their hearts and minds are pure and innocent”. pundit jawaharlal nehru believed that children must be provided with love and attention as they are the future bearers of a nation. children truly deserve a day that is dedicated to them. all across the world, different countries celebrate children’s day. you all are the picture of innocence and everybody adores children. it is a day specially set aside to honor children and celebrate your presence. this day is dedicated to children and everybody tries their best to make you all happy on this day. though, universally, children’s day takes place on 20th november. the united nations has declared this day as children’s day and it is intended to promote the welfare and wellbeing of children and also to celebrate childhood. although november 20th is celebrated worldwide as children’s day, different countries have their own special day to celebrate this propitious occasion. pandit jawaharlal nehru being the first prime minister of india was very fond of children. the world may remember him as the first indian prime minister and a skilled politician, but for children he was always considered as chacha nehru. despite being a polished and perceptive political leader, nehru was immensely fond of being surrounded by children. he never discriminated between a girl and a boy as his ideology emphasized more on the concept of equality. nehru ji was a patient listener and he admired children while they spoke. he believed that children are the future of a nation and educating them is a step towards the progress of a nation. children’s day is an occasion where we all should collectively take an oath for the safety of our children. the growing rate of crime in today’s scenario against children baffles parents and teachers to the core. we want that our children should be safe and to assure this aspect we need to educate them not only by imparting formal education, but it becomes our duty to make them aware about the social evils prevalent in our society. they should be taught to be alert every second in their life and should also be made aware about the difference between a good and a bad touch. it would be then that we could provide them with a safe environment both at home and school. therefore, children are tender buds and it becomes our duty to assure them, a safe atmosphere which they rightfully deserve. celebrating children’s day just as a convention is not enough rather we should collectively take certain measures to protect their childhood as they are our young minds who will support our country to grow in an optimistic manner with novel ideas. this is all from my side, thank you!

Tamilce

tamil

Son Güncelleme: 2019-11-12
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İngilizce

the 2009 artificial land cover for the eu the 2009 artificial land cover for france the 2009 artificial land cover per capita for the eu the 2009 artificial land cover per capita for france reasoning we need to calculate the eu's artificial land cover and population, excluding france, in 2009, and use those figures to calculate the eu's per capita artificial land cover in 2009. calculation the eu's artificial land cover excluding france in 2009 was (in million square metres): 160 770 - 27 847 = 132 923 the eu's population in 2009 (in millions): 160 770 / 347.3 ~ 462.91391 france's population in 2009 (in millions): 27 847 | 444. 7 = 62.61974 therefore the eu's population excluding that of france in 2009 was (in millions): 462. 91391 - 62.61974 = 400. 29417 now we know the eu's artificial land cover excluding france in 2009 as well as the eu's population excluding france in 2009. we use the formula: artifical land cover artificial land cover per capita total population the eu's artificial land cover per capita (in square metres per capita) in 2009 excluding france was:

Tamilce

now we know the eu's artificial land cover excluding france in 2009 as well as the eu's population excluding france in 2009. we use the formula: artifical land cover artificial land cover per capita total population the eu's artificial land cover per capita (in square metres per capita) in 2009 excluding france was:

Son Güncelleme: 2021-05-08
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Referans: Anonim

İngilizce

the 2009 artificial land cover for the eu the 2009 artificial land cover for france the 2009 artificial land cover per capita for the eu the 2009 artificial land cover per capita for france reasoning we need to calculate the eu's artificial land cover and population, excluding france, in 2009, and use those figures to calculate the eu's per capita artificial land cover in 2009. calculation the eu's artificial land cover excluding france in 2009 was (in million square metres): 160 770 - 27 847 = 132 923 the eu's population in 2009 (in millions): 160 770 / 347.3 ~ 462.91391 france's population in 2009 (in millions): 27 847 | 444. 7 = 62.61974 therefore the eu's population excluding that of france in 2009 was (in millions): 462. 91391 - 62.61974 = 400. 29417 now we know the eu's artificial land cover excluding france in 2009 as well as the eu's population excluding france in 2009. we use the formula: artifical land cover artificial land cover per capita total population the eu's artificial land cover per capita (in square metres per capita) in 2009 excluding france was:

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semmozhi

Son Güncelleme: 2021-05-08
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now, let’s consider what would happen if we had some nonlinearity in our device which absorbs a portion of the input signal energy and is therefore unavailable for producing an output signal. in this case, we need to input some additional amount of input signal to account for this energy loss and still obtain the same output change. this type of behavior is known as “hysteresis” and is illustrated in figure 1.3

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பத்தி

Son Güncelleme: 2015-05-27
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if you entrust some of the people of the book, with a large quantity of gold, they will return it to you while if you entrust others among them with a small quantity of gold, they will not give it back to you unless you keep insisting on its return. for they say, "we are not bound to keep our words with the illiterate people," and they themselves knowingly ascribe false statements to god.

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(நபியே!) வேதத்தையுடையோரில் சிலர் இருக்கிறார்கள்;. அவர்களிடம் நீர் ஒரு (பொற்) குவியலை ஒப்படைத்தாலும், அவர்கள் அதை (ஒரு குறைவும் இல்லாமல், கேட்கும்போது) உம்மிடம் திருப்பிக் கொடுத்து விடுவார்கள்;. அவர்களில் இன்னும் சிலர் இருக்கிறார்கள். அவர்களிடம் ஒரு (காசை) தீனாரை ஒப்படைத்தாலும், நீர் அவர்களிடம் தொடர்ந்து நின்று கேட்டாலொழிய, அவர்கள் அதை உமக்குத் திருப்பிக் கொடுக்கமாட்டார்கள். அதற்குக் காரணம், 'பாமரர்களிடம் (இருந்து நாம் எதைக் கைப்பற்றிக் கொண்டாலும்) நம்மை குற்றம் பிடிக்க (அவர்களுக்கு) வழியில்லை' என்று அவர்கள் கூறுவதுதான்;. மேலும், அவர்கள் அறிந்து கொண்டே அல்லாஹ்வின் பேரில் பொய் கூறுகிறார்கள்.

Son Güncelleme: 2014-07-03
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Referans: Anonim
Uyarı: Görünmez HTML biçimlendirmesi içeriyor

İngilizce

remember, we made the house (of ka'bah) a place of congregation and safe retreat, and said: "make the spot where abraham stood the place of worship;" and enjoined upon abraham and ishmael to keep our house immaculate for those who shall walk around it and stay in it for contemplation and prayer, and for bowing in adoration.

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(இதையும் எண்ணிப் பாருங்கள்; "கஃபா என்னும்) வீட்டை நாம் மக்கள் ஒதுங்கும் இடமாகவும் இன்னும், பாதுகாப்பான இடமாகவும் ஆக்கினோம்;. இப்ராஹீம் நின்ற இடத்தை - மகாமு இப்ராஹீமை - தொழும் இடமாக நீங்கள் ஆக்கிக்கொள்ளுங்கள்" (என்றும் நாம் சொன்னோம்). இன்னும் 'என் வீட்டைச் சுற்றி வருபவர்கள், தங்கியிருப்பவர்கள், ருகூஃ செய்பவர்கள், ஸுஜூது செய்பவர்கள் ஆகியோருக்காகத் தூய்மையாக அதனை வைத்திருக்க வேண்டும்' என்று இப்ராஹீமிடமிருந்தும், இஸ்மாயீலிடமிருந்தும் நாம் உறுதி மொழி வாங்கினோம்.

Son Güncelleme: 2014-07-03
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Referans: Anonim
Uyarı: Görünmez HTML biçimlendirmesi içeriyor

İngilizce

reading has at all times and in all ages been a great source of knowledge. today the ability to read is highly valued and very important for social and economic advancement. in today’s world with so much more to know and to learn and also the need for a conscious effort to conquer the divisive forces, the importance of reading has increased. in the olden days if reading was not cultivated or encouraged, there was a substitute for it in the religious sermon and in the oral tradition. in the nineteenth century, victorian households used to get together for an hour or so in the evenings and listen to books being read aloud, but ,today we not only read, we also want to read more and more and catch up with the events taking place around us. reading skills are essential to succeed in society. those who are good readers tend to exhibit progressive social skills. a person who is widely read is able to mix with others. he is a better conversationalist then those who do not read. he can stand his ground. reading broadens the vision. it is in a way a substitute for travel. it is not possible to travel as much one would like to and reading can fill in the gap created by the lack of travel. having confidence in reading only comes from the daily practice of reading. a good reader can interact with others in a far better way because reading has widened his vision and point of view. thus a widely-read man is a better conversationalist and is able to see the other side point of view. educational researchers have found that there is a strong correlation between reading and academic success. a student who is a good reader is more likely to do well in school and pass exams than a student who is a weak reader. good reader can understand the individual sentences and organizational structure of a piece of writing. they can comprehend ideas, follow arguments and detect implications. good readers can extract from the writing what is important for the particular task they are employed in and they can do it quickly. educational researchers have also found a strong correlation between reading and vocabulary knowledge. students who have a large vocabulary are usually good readers. this is very surprising, since the best way to acquire large vocabulary is to read extensively and if you read extensively you’re likely to be or become a good reader. books are no doubt very faithful friend of a reader. they never betray but accompany the reader, either sitting alone or traveling. those who are habitual of reading feel comforted with books. it soothes and relieves tension and loneliness. medically it also plays a vital role to eradicate depression and unrest. books are great assassins of boredom. it just kills the boring time. we are the dwellers of this speedy advancing world. everything is moving so fast just like a rocket. to keep the pace, we must also need to do things that benefit us. reading is no doubt a stupendous habit. it can make a stagnant, barren mind rich and cultivatable. it pours rich thoughts in minds. it brings the best out of someone. reading also helps one to see the present in relation to the past and the future and thus develops a historical perspective. but, care is needed to ensure that reading doesn’t become a substitute for the real life. the moment one ceases to enjoy the ordinary pleasures and happiness of life and is content to enjoy them vicariously through fictional and historical representation, one loses all the benefits of reading and loses contact with life. as a result of reading books over a period of time, a learning process is formed. there are a great many benefits to be gained from reading books. it is proven that in this technological society the demands for higher levels of literacy are creating unfavorable consequences for those who fall short. this is even more of reason to get into the habit of reading books, but with the cinema and television taking up a great deal of attention of children, teenagers and even adults, the habit of serious reading is dying out. we must never let it die out.

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வாசிப்பு நூல்கள் பயன்படுத்துகிறது

Son Güncelleme: 2016-10-25
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Referans: Anonim

İngilizce

the way to an ideal payment gateway for you to choose an ideal gateway can be challenging, as a result of the number of gateways that are available to choose from. these gateways tend to have similar features and work hand in a parallel manner to provide quite similar services. for you, all that is required is to choose a payment gateway that will fulfill all your needs and enable your business payments run smoothly without hitches. to help you with this, you will learn here what you will be looking for so as to receive the greatest service from the payment system that you will choose. to get the best payment gateway, you should first consider revising the payment systems you have shortlisted as ideal for you. learn something slight about each of them as this will help you identify the shortcomings of each. it will also create a pathway for you to get the best out of the best. this is a cumbersome process but it should ease your mind after you have read this article. looking at shopping carts, most online payment gateways can support the major shopping carts available. this is a tough feature as it makes your choosing difficult as people using the gateways usually use the shopping carts to shop online. this should not discourage you from choosing one payment gateway over the other. actually it should help ease your work as you need to check for other features to find a payment gateway he is compatible to your field of work. the most threatening thing to all online shop business entities is being scammed with a false or fraud payment system. this is why it is extremely important that you get to learn about what you are getting yourself into before you get into losses for your business. like any other business, payment gateways are among them and thrive to make profits. they will do anything to get your attention and extract money from you. what to look for in a payment gateway when searching online for a good payment system you come across each one claiming that it is the best for you. this may not be true and here is what to look for: experience experience is always an important factor to look for. the more experienced you are in a business, the more quality services you provide to your clients. confirm how long the company has been in the payment business from trusted sources. this can be from the government or online trade places. reputation another equally important factor is reputation. good things always sell by themselves, while bad things tend to keep looking for buyers. a good payment gateway has a good reputation on how it provides services to its clients. answering ability a trusted company does not have anything to protect its clients from. they are loyal down to earth open and genuine. if you ask them a question, they should be ready and answer you to complete satisfaction. failure to this means they can not keep their promises. software efficiency every payment gateway company has various software packages to provide to its customers. for a good company, they must have worked with the software for a long time and should be able to give you a test drive for some time. any new software should be approached with extreme caution. you should probably use any demo software for any new one that is coming. other customers’ availability customers present an integral part in a company and should help new customers in trusting issues with a company. genuine payment gateways give new clients a chance to inquire from other customers about their company. making other customers anonymous make your company seem suspicious like you are hiding something. avoid companies that make it impossible to inquire from any of their clients as they may be frauds. general cost of their service bundles the general cost of services provided by a payment gateway company should be open and clear. this enables a person have some estimates of how much is expected to be paid for all services they need. hiding this information from customers presents some risks for a client and should be avoided by customers. you should basically stay away from them to avoid being a rip-off by the companies. payment gateway companies should have the ability to facilitate financial transactions in a way that it does not compromise the schedule of its clients. that is why as a customer, you have to seek for a company that has some benefits to you. advantages to check in a payment gateway company ability to provide security for clients. all transactions through a payment gateway should be secure so that it does not compromise with your funds security. easy to use. a good company should have their system for everyone. any person with average computer skills should be able to access and use the gateway. this attracts a larger customer base. time management. all quality providing companies should operate at a fast pace. any company that takes a lengthy time to complete transactions is actually not ideal to anyone. special features. many companies give their customers some special features in their payment gateways. this should be correct, operate accordingly and be true to their word to avoid inconsistencies. when going for a payment gateway company, knowing about most of its operations and history is important. this is because it will help you insure yourself against dishonest and crooked companies. for instance, some companies divulge very sensitive information to person that is willing to have that information at all costs, even paying some kickbacks. it is of paramount importance that you get to know what you are getting into so that you are best prepared to counter any glitches from the company’s part. it is true that every merchant wants what is best for him/her and should be able to get it from a payment gateway company they decide to work with. for this reason, here are some tips for you to get into business with the right people: check for a good profile in a company a good profile is always an essential element to check in a payment gateway company. this provides the best breeding ground for business to grow roots successfully. look at the time and costs for you for any business to thrive fast, time and money are important. make sure that the payment gateway company you opt for considers this. charges should be clear for customers and any changes made should be informed to clients in advance for them to make the necessary adaptation procedures. time should also not be ignored. it should take minimum time to successfully complete any deals and transactions. check for additional services any extra service package offered by a payment gateway comes in hand with better financial transactions for that company. for instance, customer care services help clients be serviced better as they get their problems solved quickly. this is what customers should seek after to better grow the internet as a market place for businesses that offer financial services. monitor the security of your transactions any software package provided by a company should ease your worries. you should make sure that anything you are asked to do by any gateway is safe and guarantees that you will not be compromised in any way. this will help you ensure that you are entrenched into the system safely and securely. security for clients as a business owner, you should also consider the security of people purchasing products through your site. make sure that when a person is purchasing any product from your website he/she is safe. this is because when a person clicks at a product with the aim of buying; he/she is asked to divulge some information about his/her credit card. this procedure should not leave the customer vulnerable to security threats. so, payment gateway companies that do not disclose a person’s information publicly should be given first priority. the basic principle of acquiring the best company to deal with your financial dealings online is having a system that can be used by both pros and amateurs. remember, some people have great skills dealing with online financial transactions while others are just beginners. this is because you will always deal with these classes of people at one point of time. integrating your website with a good payment gateway company should give you’re an edge over other companies. so as a business owner, you ought to look for companies that give the best security to its clients which will enable you attract many people to your website. make sure you know your objectives clearly before going to the internet in search of a payment gateway. learning how to look for great qualities in a payment gateway company; will get you to a better position to prosper in any business you have ventured in. also as a buyer you can be best suited to minimize being scammed by any company offering financial services online.

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கனிப்பொருட்குவை

Son Güncelleme: 2014-11-24
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