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NIH U.S. National Library of Medicine National Center for Biotechnology Information PubChem logo OPENCHEMISTRYDATABASE Compound Summary for CID 10943 PubChem compound 1,3-DICHLOROBENZENE 1,3-DICHLOROBENZENE Vendors Pharmacology Literature Patents Bioactivities 1,3-DICHLOROBENZENE_small.png PubChem CID: 10943 Chemical Names: 1,3-DICHLOROBENZENE; M-Dichlorobenzene; 541-73-1; Meta-Dichlorobenzene; M-Dichlorobenzol; Benzene, 1,3-dichloro-; More... Molecular Formula: C6H4Cl2 Molecular Weight: 147.00196 g/mol InChI Key: ZPQOPVIELGIULI-UHFFFAOYSA-N UNII: 75W0WNE5FP Safety Summary: Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary (LCSS) Modify Date: 2016-04-02 Create Date: 2005-03-26 There are three dichlorobenzene isomers- 1,2-dichlorobenzene, 1,3-dichlorobenzene, and 1,4-dichlorobenzene. Dichlorobenzenes do not occur naturally. 1,2-Dichlorobenzene is a colorless to pale yellow liquid used to make herbicides. 1,3- Dichlorobenzene is a colorless liquid used to make herbicides, insecticides, medicine, and dyes. 1,4-Dichlorobenzene, the most important of the three chemicals, is a colorless to white solid with a strong, pungent odor. When exposed to air, it slowly changes from a solid to a vapor. Most people can smell 1,4- dichlorobenzene in the air at very low levels. 2D Structure 3D Conformer Names and Identifiers Chemical and Physical Properties Related Records Chemical Vendors Pharmacology and Biochemistry Use and Manufacturing Identification Safety and Hazards Toxicity Literature Patents Biomolecular Interactions and Pathways Biological Test Results Classification Information Sources 2D Structure 1,3-DICHLOROBENZENE.png 3D Conformer Names and Identifiers Computed Descriptors IUPAC Name 1,3-dichlorobenzene InChI InChI=1S/C6H4Cl2/c7-5-2-1-3-6(8)4-5/h1-4H InChI Key ZPQOPVIELGIULI-UHFFFAOYSA-N Canonical SMILES C1=CC(=CC(=C1)Cl)Cl Other Identifiers CAS 541-73-1 EC Number 208-792-1 ICSC Number 1095 RTECS Number CZ4499000 UN Number 2810 1993 UNII 75W0WNE5FP Wikipedia Wikipedia 1,3-dichlorobenzene Synonyms MeSH Synonyms 1,3-dichlorobenzene m-dichlorobenzene Depositor-Supplied Synonyms 1,3-DICHLOROBENZENE m-Dichlorobenzene 541-73-1 meta-Dichlorobenzene m-Dichlorobenzol Benzene, 1,3-dichloro- m-Phenylene dichloride Benzene, m-dichloro- Metadichlorobenzene m-Phenylenedichloride m-DCB 1,3-dichloro-benzene NSC 8754 RCRA waste no. U071 UNII-75W0WNE5FP CCRIS 4259 HSDB 522 CHEBI:36693 ZPQOPVIELGIULI-UHFFFAOYSA-N EINECS 208-792-1 2,4-dichlorobenzene AI3-15517 DSSTox_CID_2056 DSSTox_RID_76473 DSSTox_GSID_22056 1,3-Dichlorobenzene solution CAS-541-73-1 m-dichlorobenzen 3-dichlorobenzene MDCB PubChem13088 ACMC-209tea 1,3-bis(chloranyl)benzene AC1L1WA5 75W0WNE5FP SCHEMBL28140 M-DICHLOROBENZENE 99 KSC255M9B MLS001050090 35350_ALDRICH 40214_SUPELCO 48523_SUPELCO 48638_SUPELCO CHEMBL45235 113808_ALDRICH 36708_RIEDEL PARAGOS 530110 35350_FLUKA 36708_FLUKA NSC8754 MolPort-003-925-956 LABOTEST-BB LTBB002096 LTBB002096 ZINC388095 CS-B0931 NSC-8754 Tox21_202179 Tox21_300005 ANW-42368 LS-207 AKOS009031576 AS00251 MCULE-4362550696 RP21109 RTR-019159 TRA0127964 NCGC00091197-01 NCGC00091197-02 NCGC00091197-03 NCGC00253960-01 NCGC00259728-01 AJ-20426 AK114310 AN-21339 BC205103 CJ-03113 KB-78294 OR001079 SMR001216526 ZB011284 ST2414814 TR-019159 D0333 FT-0606649 FT-0657417 S0665 C19397 28316-EP2269986A1 28316-EP2287141A1 28316-EP2305655A2 28316-EP2314577A1 A830009 3B4-2898 I01-3651 J-503894 InChI=1/C6H4Cl2/c7-5-2-1-3-6(8)4-5/h1-4 UNII-F56X88UAJQ component ZPQOPVIELGIULI-UHFFFAOYSA-N 46536A91-5C63-4685-94E2-E2FAB9C3B34D 1,3-DICHLOROBENZENE (SEE ALSO: 1,2-DICHLOROBENZENE (95-50-1) & 1,4-DICHLOROBENZENE (106-46-7)) 63697-17-6 Chemical and Physical Properties Computed Properties Molecular Weight 147.00196 g/mol Molecular Formula C6H4Cl2 XLogP3 3.5 Hydrogen Bond Donor Count 0 Hydrogen Bond Acceptor Count 0 Rotatable Bond Count 0 Exact Mass 145.969005 g/mol Monoisotopic Mass 145.969005 g/mol Topological Polar Surface Area 0 A^2 Heavy Atom Count 8 Formal Charge 0 Complexity 64.9 Isotope Atom Count 0 Defined Atom Stereocenter Count 0 Undefined Atom Stereocenter Count 0 Defined Bond Stereocenter Count 0 Undefined Bond Stereocenter Count 0 Covalently-Bonded Unit Count 1 Experimental Properties Physical Description COLOURLESS LIQUID. Liquid Color Colorless liquid Lewis, R.J. Sr.; Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary 14th Edition. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. New York, NY 2001., p. 359 Boiling Point 173 deg C Lide, D.R. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 86TH Edition 2005-2006. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis, Boca Raton, FL 2005, p. 3-150 173°C Melting Point -24.8 deg C Lide, D.R. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 86TH Edition 2005-2006. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis, Boca Raton, FL 2005, p. 3-150 -24.8°C Flash Point 63°C 63°C closed cup Solubility Sol in ethanol, ether; very soluble in acetone Lide, D.R. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 86TH Edition 2005-2006. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis, Boca Raton, FL 2005, p. 3-150 In water, 125 mg/L at 25 deg C Miller MM et al; J Chem Eng Data 29:184-90 (1984) in water: none Density 1.2884 at 20 deg C/4 deg C Lide, D.R. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 86TH Edition 2005-2006. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis, Boca Raton, FL 2005, p. 3-150 (water = 1): 1.288 Vapor Density (air = 1): 5.1 Vapor Pressure 2.15 mm Hg at 25 deg C Daubert, T.E., R.P. Danner. Physical and Thermodynamic Properties of Pure Chemicals Data Compilation. Washington, D.C.: Taylor and Francis, 1989. Vapour pressure kPa at 25°C: 0.286 0.286 kPa @ 25°C LogP log Kow = 3.53 Hansch, C., Leo, A., D. Hoekman. Exploring QSAR - Hydrophobic, Electronic, and Steric Constants. Washington, DC: American Chemical Society., 1995., p. 17 3.53 Auto-Ignition >500 deg C European Chemicals Bureau; IUCLID Dataset, 1,3-Dichlorobenzene (541-73-1) p.12 (2000 CD-ROM edition). Available from, as of January 10, 2008: http://esis.jrc.ec.europa.eu/ Decomposition When heated to decomposition it emits toxic /hydrogen chloride/ fumes. Lewis, R.J. Sr. (ed) Sax's Dangerous Properties of Industrial Materials. 11th Edition. Wiley-Interscience, Wiley & Sons, Inc. Hoboken, NJ. 2004., p. 1174 Viscosity 1.044 mPa.s at 25 deg C Lide, D.R. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 86TH Edition 2005-2006. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis, Boca Raton, FL 2005, p. 6-177 Heat of Vaporization 296.8 J/g Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology. 4th ed. Volumes 1: New York, NY. John Wiley and Sons, 1991-Present., p. V6: 89 (1993) Surface Tension 36.20 dynes/cm Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology. 4th ed. Volumes 1: New York, NY. John Wiley and Sons, 1991-Present., p. V6: 89 (1993) Kovats Retention Index Standard non-polar 975.4, 986.21, 985.1, 1002, 1014, 985, 990, 982, 1025, 1013.8, 1009, 985, 964, 1016, 1013, 1016, 964, 1000, 997, 964, 1004.1, 985.2, 991.2, 997.1, 988, 1005, 986, 982, 1011.1, 981, 981, 981, 982, 1004 Semi-standard non-polar 1022, 1014.97, 1015.34, 1017.77, 1018.92, 1020.9, 1002.37, 997.98, 999.87, 1017.4, 1020.06, 1027.05, 1027.35, 1022.5, 1022.5, 1036.2, 1004.07, 1013.3, 1024.65, 1058, 1007, 1011, 1014, 1022, 1005, 1024.8, 1006.8, 1047, 1021, 1045, 1002, 1002.6, 997, 162, 160.4 Standard polar 1417.7, 1438.32, 1445.33, 1446, 1451, 1453, 1455.4, 1474.1, 1415, 1415, 1434, 1409, 1414, 1477, 1455.6, 1418 Chemical Classes Volatile organic compounds Crystal Structures Crystal Structures: 1 of 2 CCDC Number 165223 Crystal Structure Data DOI:10.5517/cc5jxsc Associated Article DOI:10.1002/1522-2675(20010613)84:63.0.CO;2-M Crystal Structures: 2 of 2 CCDC Number 637752 Crystal Structure Data DOI:10.5517/ccpdmnb Associated Article DOI:10.1107/S0108768106046684 Spectral Properties Index of refraction: 1.5515 at 20 deg C/D Lide, D.R. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 86TH Edition 2005-2006. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis, Boca Raton, FL 2005, p. 3-150 Intense mass spectral peaks: 146 m/z (100%), 148 m/z (64%), 111 m/z (37%), 75 m/z (22%) Hites, R.A. Handbook of Mass Spectra of Environmental Contaminants. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press Inc., 1985., p. 70 IR: 5654 (Coblentz Society Spectral Collection) Lide, D.R., G.W.A. Milne (eds.). Handbook of Data on Organic Compounds. Volume I. 3rd ed. CRC Press, Inc. Boca Raton ,FL. 1994., p. V1: 825 UV: 1671 (Sadtler Research Laboratories Spectral Collection) Lide, D.R., G.W.A. Milne (eds.). Handbook of Data on Organic Compounds. Volume I. 3rd ed. CRC Press, Inc. Boca Raton ,FL. 1994., p. V1: 825 NMR: 8596 (Sadtler Research Laboratories Spectral Collection) Lide, D.R., G.W.A. Milne (eds.). Handbook of Data on Organic Compounds. Volume I. 3rd ed. CRC Press, Inc. Boca Raton ,FL. 1994., p. V1: 825 MASS: 818 (Atlas of Mass Spectral Data, John Wiley & Sons, New York) Lide, D.R., G.W.A. Milne (eds.). Handbook of Data on Organic Compounds. Volume I. 3rd ed. CRC Press, Inc. Boca Raton ,FL. 1994., p. V1: 825 GC-MS 1 of 4 NIST Number 291447 Library Main library Total Peaks 63 m/z Top Peak 146 m/z 2nd Highest 148 m/z 3rd Highest 111 Thumbnail Related Records Related Compounds with Annotation Related Compounds Same Connectivity 8 records Same Parent, Connectivity 50 records Same Parent, Exact 43 records Mixtures, Components, and Neutralized Forms 109 records Similar Compounds 274 records Similar Conformers 16510 records Substances Related Substances All 295 records Same 122 records Mixture 173 records Substances by Category Entrez Crosslinks PubMed 86 records Taxonomy 1 record Gene 1 record Chemical Vendors Pharmacology and Biochemistry Absorption, Distribution and Excretion The dichlorobenzenes may be absorbed through the lung, gastrointestinal tract, and intact skin. Relatively low water solubility and high lipid solubility favor their penetration of most membranes by diffusion, including pulmonary and GI epithelia, the brain, hepatic parenchyma, renal tubules, and the placenta. /Dichlorobenzenes/ USEPA; Ambient Water Quality Criteria Doc: Dichlorobenzenes p.C-14 (1980) EPA 440/5-80-039 Information on the quantitative absorption of 1,3-DCB in humans and animals is not available for any route of exposure; however, absorption of the compound can be inferred from studies that have detected 1,3-DCB or metabolites in the breast milk, blood, and fat of humans and in the bile and urine of exposed animals. Distribution is believed to be similar to the other DCB isomers, but data demonstrating this are not presently available. Similar to the other DCB isomers, 1,3-DCB is initially metabolized by cytochrome P-450 enzymes, followed by extensive conjugation, primarily to glutathione, has been reported. 1,3-DCB is eliminated mainly in the urine, similar to the other DCB isomers. U.S. Dept Health & Human Services/Agency for Toxic Substances & Disease Registry; Toxicological Profile for Dichlorobenzenes p.202 (August 2006) PB2007-100672. Available from, as of January 7, 2008: http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxpro2.html# Children can be exposed to DCBs prenatally, as indicated by the detection of all three isomers in placenta samples, as well as through breast feeding. 1,2-DCB concentrations measured in whole human milk range from 3 to 29 ppb. 1,3- and 1,4-DCB were detected together in whole human milk with mean and maximum concentrations of 6 and 75 ppb, respectively. These isomers were detected in milkfat samples at a mean concentration of 161 ppb and a maximum concentration of 4,180 ppb. 1,2-, 1,3-, and 1,4-DCB measured separately in whole human milk samples had concentrations of 9, <5, and 25 ppb, respectively, while the milk fat of these samples contained 230 ppb of 1,2-DCB and 640 ppb of 1,4-DCB. U.S. Dept Health & Human Services/Agency for Toxic Substances & Disease Registry; Toxicological Profile for Dichlorobenzenes p.12 (August 2006) PB2007-100672. Available from, as of January 18, 2008: http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxpro2.html# Metabolism/Metabolites M-Dichlorobenzene yields N-acetyl-S-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-L-cysteine, 2,4-dichlorophenol, and 3,5-dichlorophenol in rabbit. /from table/ Goodwin, B.L. Handbook of Intermediary Metabolism of Aromatic Compounds. New York: Wiley, 1976., p. D-15 When fed to rabbits, m-dichlorobenzene yielded glucuronides (31%, sulfates (11%), mercapturic acid (9%) and catechols (4%). ...2,4-Dichlorophenylmercapturic acid and 3,5-dichlorocatechol were also observed... Menzie, C.M. Metabolism of Pesticides, Update II. U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish Wildlife Service, Special Scientific Report - Wildlife No. 2l2. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1978., p. 95 1,3-Dichlorobenzene was reported to be among several metabolites of gamma-pentachloro-1-cyclohexane in corn and pea seedlings. USEPA; Ambient Water Quality Criteria Doc: Dichlorobenzene p.C-10 (1980) EPA 440/5-80-039 The S-containing metabolites of m-dichlorobenzene (m-DCB) were identified by using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and disposition of m-DCB metabolites studied. In the blood, urine and feces of rats dosed with m-DCB, 2,4- and 3,5-dichlorophenyl methylsulfoxide and 3,5- and 2,4-dichlorophenyl methanesulfonate emerged, while their possible precursors, 3,5- and 2,4-dichlorophenyl methyl sulfide were not detected in the blood, urine, and feces. However, after heating the alkalinized urine and feces, the methyl sulfides appeared. ... Abstract: PubMed Kimura R et al; J Pharmacobio-Dyn 7 (4): 234-45 (1984) 1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene (TCB) was reductively converted into monochlorobenzene (MCB) via dichlorobenzenes on incubation with intestinal contents of rats. When the amounts of MCB produced from o-DCB, m-DCB, or p-DCB as substrates were compared, the amount was the least in the case of o-DCB. This was consistent with the finding that o-DCB tended to accumulate more than the other isomers. The mechanism of the reductive dechlorination of aromatic compounds is not well understood. Tsuchiya T, Yamaha T; Agric Biol Chem 47 (5): 1163-5 (1983) The increases in the hepatic microsomal aminopyrine N-demethylase activity and in the content of cytochrome p450 produced by m-dichlorobenzene (m-DCB) occurred after increases in the hepatic concentration of 3,5-dichlorophenyl methyl sulfone, a minor metabolite. The extent of increases in aminopyrine N-demethylase activity and in the content of cytochrome p450 at 48 hr after administration of 200 mg/kg (1.36 mmol/kg) of m-DCB was almost equal to that 72 hr after the ip administration of 25 umol/kg of the sulfone. m-DCB in liver was not detectable at that time, and the concentration of sulfone was 63 to 70% of that 48 to 72 hr after the ip administration of 50 umol/kg of sulfone. Administration of m-DCB (200 mg/kg) produced a significant reduction in hexobarbital sleeping time, but this reduction was less than that produced by administration of the sulfone (50 umol/kg). The protein band patterns by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of the microsomes from rats treated with the sulfone and m-DCB were similar to those of phenobarbital-treated rats but were different from those of 3-methylcholanthrene-treated rats. The sulfone showed type I interaction with the cytochrome p450 (Ks, 0.17 mM). The sulfone was formed from the sulfide but reduction of the sulfone was not observed when it was incubated in a hepatic microsomal preparation. The pattern of induction by the sulfone and m-DCB was similar to that by phenobarbital and differed from that by 3-methylcholanthrene. From these results, 3,5-dichlorophenyl methyl sulfone is considered to be a major contributing factor of the inducing activity of m-DCB and to be a potent phenobarbital like inducer. Abstract: PubMed Kimura R; Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 78 (2): 300-9 (1985) ...In rat liver slices, the majority (~70%) of 1,3-DCB was found conjugated to glutathione, or as a cysteine conjugate, with only small amounts of the glucuronide or sulfate detected. In human liver slices, the pattern was different, with approximately equal distribution (~40% each) of glucuronide and glutathione conjugates, and ~20% of the metabolites as the sulfate. Human liver slices metabolized greater amounts of 1,3-DCB than did slices from F344 or Sprague-Dawley rats. Human liver slices formed 2-9-fold greater levels of glucuronide conjugates, 1-4-fold greater levels of sulphatase conjugates, and 1-4-fold greater levels of glutathione/cysteine conjugates of 1,3-DCB than rat liver slices. U.S. Dept Health & Human Services/Agency for Toxic Substances & Disease Regis

英语

english translation-geogle-indonesia

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印尼语

It is perhaps the most influential motorcycle movement the world has ever seen. Born in the streets of England in the 1950s, its culture still thrives around the globe. There will never be another motorcycle—or rider—quite like it. And yet, most of us have never heard of the café racer. The café racer is both man and machine. With its Spartan appearance and aggressive styling, the café racer is one of the most distinctive and revered motorcycles in the world. Their impact on the motorcycle industry includes legendary high-performance motorcycles like Triumph’s Bonneville, Honda’s CB-750, and Kawasaki’s Z-1. Without the original café racers tuning and designing their ordinary street bikes for power and handling, manufacturers may never have designed the modern sportbike. The café racer movement may have been born in London in the 1950s, but it has developed into a subculture encompassing a desire for speed, a love of rock and roll, and ultimately an enduring love for a motorcycle that’s being revived worldwide. The human side of the café racer was a perfect match for this type of motorcycle. The riders of these machines were young, and they wanted to go fast. The goal of many of the café racers during the 50s was the ability to hit a hundred miles an hour, better known as “the ton.” Author and journalist Mike Seate has been following the café racer for two decades. discovery-hd-theater-cafe-racer-caferacer-tv-vintage-motorcycles-ace-cafe-london-rockers-59club-norton-triumph-triton-honda-historic-phot-16“The term café racer came from what’s actually a derisive term used to describe kids who hung out in cafés and raced fast. They would hang out in transport cafés and wait until somebody else came by on a fast bike and challenged them for a race, and they all rushed outside to see who gets up the road the fastest. When they get back to the cafés, which were often occupied by long distance truck drivers, the truck drivers would laugh and say, ‘You’re not a real racer, you’re not Barry Sheen, you’re just a café racer! And the kids thought, ‘Well you’re damn right I’m a café racer!’ So they would race to the next café, and then to the next one as fast as they could, and the name stuck; they embraced it despite the fact that it was a derisive term,” he said. One of the birthplaces of the café racer was London’s Ace Café. The Ace was one of many cafés that provided a gathering place for teenagers and their motorcycles in the 1950s and 60s. Many, like the Busy Bee and Café Rising Sun have succumbed to the wrecking ball, while others, such as Jack’s Hill and Squires Coffee Bar have survived, hosting annual Ton-Up reunions each year. Avid motorcyclist Mark Wilsmore, who reopened the Ace Café to its former glory in 1994, says that rock and roll helped spark the subculture known as “ The Café Racing.” discovery-hd-theater-cafe-racer-caferacer-tv-vintage-motorcycles-ace-cafe-london-rockers-59club-norton-triumph-triton-honda-historic-photos-“These kids over here, they have been the generation—rock and roll generation—they went out and bought the fastest vehicle they could afford, which over here was a motorbike. In the States, that was a car, and you had your hot rod culture come directly out of Elvis Presley and that lot, but over here, we had a similar sort of thing, but all based around motorbikes because of our different income levels. And the other great attraction of cafés, and I suspect diners in the states at that time, was the jukebox. And certainly in this country, when rock and roll first came around in the mid-50s you could only hear rock and roll on the jukebox. There was no radio stations playing it, no clubs playing it, so this new music of youngsters mixed with having their own vehicles and their own identity, um, along comes this Ton-Up boy and his bike, the café racer, it was invariably—the racing would be from one café to another,” he said. The hunger to make their ordinary streetbikes go faster and resemble the machines ridden by British racing heroes like Mike Hailwood and Geoff Duke was all part of the café racer’s character. Doing the “Ton,” or hitting a hundred miles-an-hour, became a badge of honor—weather you made it back…or not. Riders from those days say attempts at reaching the “Ton” on your average 650cc parallel twin were dodgy affairs at best. Riders could consider themselves very, very lucky to reach it as their engines had to be tuned well, but even the best engines could out-perform the skinny, bias-ply tires and meager drum brakes of mid-century design. Road surfaces were not what they are today, with everything from poor road lighting to axle grease from cars and trucks making each corner a potential deathtrap. Trial and plenty of error was the order of the day and the Rockers, experimenting with countless performance modifications, came to create motorcycles that are still respected by go-fast aficionados. Brave? Crazy? Brilliant visionaries? Addicted to kicks? The Rockers were, and are, all of the above, which is why the Café Racer culture still lives not only in the streets on London, but across the globe. Enthusiasts of all ages are once again building custom high-performance motorcycles out of their garages, machines that continue the tradition of the café racer. Join us for Discovery HD Theater’s “Café Racer TV” as we explore this rich history and the quest to “Do The Ton.

英语

story

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印尼语

Snow is water that falls from the clouds that had been frozen into a solid and like rain. Snow consists of particles of water vapor that then cools the air above, then fell to the earth as a piece of soft, white, and like crystals. Starting from the water vapor in Earth's atmosphere are assembled, a collection of water vapor cools to the point of condensation and then coagulates to form clouds. Set the steam continues to grow and merge into the cloud, so that at some point the air can no longer hold it. The clouds broke and the water particles fell to Earth. Particles falling water is pure water. To make pure water needed frozen temperatures lower than 0 degrees CelciusTapi, low temperature alone is not enough to create snow. When particles of pure water is in contact with air, the pure water is contaminated by other particles. So the water particles join together with others to form larger crystals. If the air temperature not to melt the ice crystals, ice crystals fall to the ground. And this is the snow! If not, the ice crystals melt and to the ground in the form of rain water.

英语

simple present tense

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gogle translit1 00:00:12,851 --> 00:00:17,000 The film refers to sexual problems. Multiple sensitive images. 2 00:00:17,025 --> 00:00:20,542 Spectators should reconsider before watching! 3 00:01:37,400 --> 00:01:39,520 Tell him know where the girls captive. 4 00:01:39,620 --> 00:01:41,290 Saying unplug the phone! 5 00:01:41,550 --> 00:01:43,060 Babylon stars? 6 00:01:43,580 --> 00:01:44,589 What this site... 7 00:01:44,590 --> 00:01:48,010 Daily at fixed hours are sending the screen instructions. 8 00:01:48,770 --> 00:01:51,010 But this time, has not received a complaint of the victim. 9 00:01:51,020 --> 00:01:54,039 But that, had the exact expression. Fully formed threads spread across the network. 10 00:01:54,040 --> 00:01:57,800 Spreading the scenes clip real time interrogation of the prisoner! 11 00:01:59,160 --> 00:02:02,490 These are a few of the guys page illusinary pleasures. 12 00:02:03,120 --> 00:02:05,720 We must be inserted into the center of our illusions! 13 00:03:48,040 --> 00:03:48,840 Are you okay? 14 00:03:48,850 --> 00:03:49,660 Injuries doing? 15 00:04:19,050 --> 00:04:20,060 Mifuyu! 16 00:04:21,880 --> 00:04:23,050 Waitress! 17 00:04:25,620 --> 00:04:27,020 Why are you here... 18 00:04:27,790 --> 00:04:29,440 Being that they catch on, huh? 19 00:04:54,120 --> 00:05:00,100 Flee away! Flee away! 20 00:05:00,760 --> 00:05:02,460 The main door has no where! 21 00:05:13,580 --> 00:05:14,460 How'd it go? 22 00:05:14,970 --> 00:05:15,950 Its okay! 23 00:05:20,560 --> 00:05:22,490 Who are you? 24 00:05:26,120 --> 00:05:27,260 Answer me go! 25 00:05:57,420 --> 00:05:58,500 Here! 26 00:05:59,530 --> 00:06:01,230 Here! Heret here! 27 00:06:03,960 --> 00:06:06,760 Today delay meeting. Change of the meal! 28 00:06:19,730 --> 00:06:23,320 Too rude! 29 00:06:23,690 --> 00:06:25,370 Every night, too! Is there any doubt? 30 00:06:25,380 --> 00:06:27,670 Also by hardcopy husband seemed to be fans! 31 00:06:33,030 --> 00:06:34,351 No way! He was just so rushed! 32 00:06:34,580 --> 00:06:37,380 So simply deceiving themselves to my wife thinks so happy! 33 00:06:53,730 --> 00:06:55,502 Looks as was shot dead in a few names. 34 00:06:55,527 --> 00:06:56,904 There is a named manager there. 35 00:06:57,920 --> 00:07:00,159 But he's just a low level only. 36 00:07:00,160 --> 00:07:02,425 Currently we have no way to catch... 37 00:07:02,450 --> 00:07:06,244 South american guy equipment supplier and he suspects founders of this site. 38 00:07:09,410 --> 00:07:10,190 Dear sir! 39 00:07:13,480 --> 00:07:16,480 Now just have to wait for memory harmed chance alone. 40 00:07:20,640 --> 00:07:21,820 Sac her face that much less. 41 00:07:22,970 --> 00:07:24,020 Just go home today! 42 00:07:27,090 --> 00:07:28,250 Temporary rest was just 43 00:08:05,180 --> 00:08:06,250 mifuyu! 44 00:08:13,240 --> 00:08:14,190 Are you okay? 45 00:08:14,200 --> 00:08:15,490 There is nothing wrong, right? 46 00:08:17,690 --> 00:08:20,480 Its been years you didn't contact me. Does jacob... 47 00:08:20,780 --> 00:08:22,210 I followed the crime, right? 48 00:08:25,800 --> 00:08:26,660 What occurred then? 49 00:08:30,460 --> 00:08:32,060 Mifuyu! What are you thinking about? 50 00:08:32,080 --> 00:08:34,270 I know she's worried about me, aren't you? 51 00:08:34,460 --> 00:08:36,499 The three surel has been hospitalized, you did not know, didn't you? 52 00:08:36,500 --> 00:08:37,760 I'm not interested! 53 00:08:38,810 --> 00:08:39,610 Mifuyu! 54 00:08:40,450 --> 00:08:41,890 Why do I escape? 55 00:08:43,140 --> 00:08:46,010 Inmates that I am! 56 00:09:06,250 --> 00:09:07,130 Four sisters come on! 57 00:09:09,230 --> 00:09:10,840 True that insanity was doing that! 58 00:09:11,020 --> 00:09:12,210 Older Sister! 59 00:09:38,170 --> 00:09:40,130 I want to serve you in hell! 60 00:09:42,100 --> 00:09:43,640 Misaki amamiya it ha! 61 00:09:47,360 --> 00:09:48,090 Who are you? 62 00:09:49,080 --> 00:09:49,820 Joseph! 63 00:09:51,450 --> 00:09:52,280 Joseph!? 64 00:09:53,040 --> 00:09:55,900 Sometimes also should wash jacket away instead! 65 00:09:56,440 --> 00:09:57,400 Balls and that home! 66 00:10:01,370 --> 00:10:02,330 Who are you? 67 00:10:03,130 --> 00:10:05,517 At the crime scene she did drop a escape. 68 00:10:05,542 --> 00:10:07,574 This is an important suspects! As her sister! 69 00:10:08,040 --> 00:10:09,780 The other suspects were shot dead! 70 00:10:10,270 --> 00:10:12,290 Front of her outsider doing very depressed. 71 00:10:12,340 --> 00:10:15,900 But in my heart secretly glad to have concealed because of his sister. 72 00:10:16,810 --> 00:10:18,010 Mau answer me! 73 00:10:18,040 --> 00:10:18,900 Who are you? 74 00:10:19,440 --> 00:10:21,130 Why let the girls get away! 75 00:10:21,690 --> 00:10:22,670 For the star itself? 76 00:10:23,240 --> 00:10:24,640 Or for protection for ourselves? 77 00:10:25,480 --> 00:10:26,320 English... 78 00:10:27,160 --> 00:10:28,530 Is how to mifuyu? 79 00:10:29,150 --> 00:10:31,380 I am asked why she let her escape? 80 00:10:40,260 --> 00:10:41,170 What do you want here? 81 00:10:43,250 --> 00:10:44,890 Just keep the phone away! 82 00:10:45,240 --> 00:10:46,440 Will contact you! 83 00:10:56,460 --> 00:10:59,429 There is no evidence of excessive! 84 00:10:59,430 --> 00:11:01,890 Bring it back cooking that is the story of Chihiro her! 85 00:11:02,640 --> 00:11:03,760 So smooth road all stars? 86 00:11:05,390 --> 00:11:06,180 Knitwear! 87 00:11:09,980 --> 00:11:13,189 There is a very good site that home! 88 00:11:13,190 --> 00:11:15,360 Public page? 89 00:11:17,440 --> 00:11:18,320 Babylon! 90 00:11:27,790 --> 00:11:28,610 What are you? 91 00:11:30,370 --> 00:11:31,330 As illegal website! 92 00:11:31,500 --> 00:11:33,130 I heard this woman was really imprisoned 93 00:11:35,500 --> 00:11:37,590 ah that is not a crime 94 00:11:37,920 --> 00:11:39,481 do not worry that your teeth white cow! 95 00:11:39,510 --> 00:11:41,430 Whatever instructions are very dangerous! 96 00:11:42,110 --> 00:11:43,390 Guide!? 97 00:11:44,180 --> 00:11:46,270 The first few minutes are free. Pay later! 98 00:11:46,310 --> 00:11:48,298 Way to premium written in the upper right corner. 99 00:11:48,311 --> 00:11:50,310 If you agree, then it can be read on! 100 00:11:54,810 --> 00:11:56,320 Oh! "Demons" is here! 101 00:11:56,360 --> 00:11:57,520 Goodbye! 102 00:12:18,460 --> 00:12:19,520 Sadako ha? 103 00:12:34,560 --> 00:12:35,920 Is a new woman! 104 00:12:43,460 --> 00:12:44,960 Wow! There are errors too! 105 00:12:57,950 --> 00:12:59,970 Investigate the origins of this woman go! 106 00:13:00,090 --> 00:13:01,120 Making good on! 107 00:13:01,400 --> 00:13:03,139 Hiroki continue to monitor! 108 00:13:03,140 --> 00:13:03,960 It! 109 00:13:09,560 --> 00:13:13,140 For further surcharge. 110 00:13:21,480 --> 00:13:27,420 Chihiro that ha! Named for her grandmother's "devil". 111 00:13:28,000 --> 00:13:31,810 While I was talking to her. Seeing her write the word "devil"! 112 00:13:32,120 --> 00:13:35,480 Feel she truly surreal analogy! 113 00:13:36,500 --> 00:13:37,680 So... 114 00:13:38,400 --> 00:13:39,840 Chihiro husband, why? 115 00:13:41,230 --> 00:13:44,270 Listen to what is done is not very good. Should have the ability to be fired! 116 00:13:45,550 --> 00:13:47,170 Very scary ha! 117 00:13:49,820 --> 00:13:51,140 Our family, why? 118 00:13:52,440 --> 00:13:55,100 Happiness too hey! 119 00:15:50,570 --> 00:15:52,940 The case has added new details, huh? 120 00:15:55,470 --> 00:15:58,510 He is the manager of babylon page? 121 00:15:59,230 --> 00:16:00,010 And more! 122 00:16:01,060 --> 00:16:02,320 Go out and relay contacts. 123 00:16:03,850 --> 00:16:04,860 I'm working on that! 124 00:16:05,970 --> 00:16:07,210 Go out and keep in touch! 125 00:16:21,120 --> 00:16:22,110 Where are you on? 126 00:16:22,560 --> 00:16:23,880 Go to the toilet! 127 00:16:34,460 --> 00:16:36,590 Go to the last room! 128 00:17:02,640 --> 00:17:03,630 Have not into you? 129 00:17:04,240 --> 00:17:04,860 Then! 130 00:17:05,580 --> 00:17:06,920 Take your clothes off! 131 00:17:07,840 --> 00:17:08,420 Eh!? 132 00:17:09,010 --> 00:17:10,970 Do not make me say it the second time! 133 00:17:10,990 --> 00:17:12,000 Come with a show, huh? 134 00:17:12,430 --> 00:17:14,560 Do you think I'm joking? 135 00:17:15,380 --> 00:17:17,600 Its really boring how you might be off 136 00:17:35,870 --> 00:17:37,920 knowing my situation then, huh? 137 00:17:40,520 --> 00:17:42,540 Threatening others is not my style! 138 00:17:42,840 --> 00:17:49,290 Therefore, it is necessary to undress 139 00:17:49,840 --> 00:17:51,230 so want to undress me! 140 00:17:51,680 --> 00:17:53,440 Do not look down on me specially in my home! 141 00:17:53,460 --> 00:17:57,410 Of course! I hope you have chosen wisely. 142 00:17:59,340 --> 00:18:01,380 My sister was charmed by him, huh? 143 00:18:02,030 --> 00:18:03,580 Can look into it? 144 00:18:08,410 --> 00:18:10,400 Watch out my sister has betrayed me! 145 00:19:00,500 --> 00:19:01,530 Take it then! 146 00:19:01,850 --> 00:19:03,370 Take a picture sent over here! 147 00:19:04,480 --> 00:19:05,790 Do not be a show anymore! 148 00:19:20,690 --> 00:19:21,610 Take it nice! 149 00:19:23,210 --> 00:19:24,340 Pretty go! 150 00:19:25,700 --> 00:19:26,590 Okay huh? 151 00:19:27,220 --> 00:19:27,870 Not! 152 00:19:28,440 --> 00:19:29,480 Thats enough! 153 00:19:29,730 --> 00:19:31,400 Do these things he funny? 154 00:19:31,630 --> 00:19:32,380 Take off the bottom away! 155 00:19:32,430 --> 00:19:33,640 Hands against the wall! 156 00:19:33,700 --> 00:19:34,821 Mongolia swaying swinging! 157 00:19:34,930 --> 00:19:35,980 Do so that! 158 00:19:36,360 --> 00:19:38,180 Watch your way of talking! 159 00:19:41,810 --> 00:19:42,500 Okay! 160 00:19:43,280 --> 00:19:45,490 Listen orders will have prizes! 161 00:19:46,670 --> 00:19:47,730 reward huh! 162 00:19:48,320 --> 00:19:50,561 Is not she want to know the situation of babylon stars? 163 00:19:51,490 --> 00:19:54,420 For intelligence, that makes this little... 164 00:19:54,960 --> 00:19:56,590 Doing so takes much dignity star? 165 00:19:57,460 --> 00:19:58,220 Do's nothing but! 166 00:19:58,750 --> 00:20:00,720 Whatever way! You have to remove it! 167 00:20:18,190 --> 00:20:19,320 I took them off and then! 168 00:20:20,200 --> 00:20:21,300 Complete huh? 169 00:20:21,620 --> 00:20:22,370 True! 170 00:20:22,610 --> 00:20:23,730 Back then lie! 171 00:21:11,290 --> 00:21:12,490 How quickly! 172 00:21:24,620 --> 00:21:25,840 Where you see all that about? 173 00:21:27,650 --> 00:21:30,030 Looks like paintings ass so ha! 174 00:21:36,720 --> 00:21:38,090 Must be brave to do it! 175 00:21:38,640 --> 00:21:41,130 Hey, make seriously into. Out shyly looks on! 176 00:21:49,160 --> 00:21:50,400 Ask not finished saying, huh? 177 00:22:05,660 --> 00:22:07,320 How feeling now? 178 00:22:09,790 --> 00:22:10,620 Do that! 179 00:22:14,120 --> 00:22:15,180 You know the way! 180 00:22:17,760 --> 00:22:18,590 How quickly! 181 00:22:33,550 --> 00:22:35,270 Want to others that she is a staunch girl! 182 00:22:35,300 --> 00:22:36,560 Should always frowning! 183 00:22:37,490 --> 00:22:39,920 But it is her weakness! 184 00:22:48,660 --> 00:22:51,260 To be honest! It's what you are being asked that! 185 00:23:11,840 --> 00:23:15,440 Question... is not you? 186 00:23:16,880 --> 00:23:17,770 Okay! 187 00:23:18,280 --> 00:23:20,240 Look on the bottom, right corner of the toilet. 188 00:24:06,340 --> 00:24:08,210 That's shizuko toyama items. 189 00:24:08,600 --> 00:24:09,730 Not wrong, huh? 190 00:24:10,450 --> 00:24:10,960 Yeah! 191 00:24:11,790 --> 00:24:15,150 It is a gift given to me this year, but his wife! 192 00:24:16,860 --> 00:24:17,880 Why this item... 193 00:24:18,290 --> 00:24:20,500 Do you know lady shizuko where is it? 194 00:24:21,220 --> 00:24:23,000 Two days ago was the mother then! 195 00:24:23,260 --> 00:24:25,370 Apparently ill mother something my wife! 196 00:24:26,050 --> 00:24:27,580 So then contacted again? 197 00:24:28,400 --> 00:24:30,040 No wonder there is nothing special touch! 198 00:24:30,290 --> 00:24:32,140 Ultimately only daily tasks at home alone! 199 00:24:33,160 --> 00:24:33,880 This department... 200 00:24:34,340 --> 00:24:35,730 My wife happened already? 201 00:25:01,380 --> 00:25:02,560 Shizuko! 202 00:25:04,020 --> 00:25:05,710 It's exactly not his wife? 203 00:25:08,080 --> 00:25:09,540 What is this... 204 00:25:11,780 --> 00:25:12,770 Shizuko! 205 00:25:13,250 --> 00:25:15,740 Oh! Shizuko! 206 00:25:16,440 --> 00:25:18,760 Shizuko shi...! 207 00:25:20,320 --> 00:25:25,390 I and shizuko has been married three years ago. 208 00:25:27,300 --> 00:25:29,553 Then I decided to leave the company securities. 209 00:25:29,578 --> 00:25:30,458 Diy its up to you now. 210 00:25:31,580 --> 00:25:33,320 The future is clearly unstable. 211 00:25:34,660 --> 00:25:37,380 As someone shizuko behind me playing this one! 212 00:25:42,830 --> 00:25:45,100 why my wife had this happen again saying, hey! 213 00:25:47,560 --> 00:25:48,369 No matter who is too! 214 00:25:48,370 --> 00:25:50,140 Ask them about people that watch!! Shizuko 215 00:25:50,280 --> 00:25:51,810 ask if she is the woman's come on! 216 00:25:53,150 --> 00:25:54,380 A virtuous person like that! 217 00:25:56,050 --> 00:25:57,970 A gentle wife's modest like that! 218 00:25:59,500 --> 00:26:01,280 Can not find the second person like her! 219 00:26:02,900 --> 00:26:03,580 Shizuko! 220 00:26:04,940 --> 00:26:05,650 Shi... 221 00:26:06,600 --> 00:26:07,810 Be noisy death 222 00:26:08,590 --> 00:26:09,150 excuse! 223 00:26:09,210 --> 00:26:09,880 Excuse! 224 00:26:11,840 --> 00:26:13,385 Item that ring... 225 00:26:13,410 --> 00:26:15,904 Woman imprisoned in babylon. 226 00:26:16,030 --> 00:26:17,380 English how to get it wrong? 227 00:26:17,900 --> 00:26:22,080 Just open the mouth is referred to the stars? 228 00:26:22,380 --> 00:26:24,650 I thank him for giving me the intelligence. 229 00:26:24,920 --> 00:26:26,241 But I did not understand that he! 230 00:26:26,640 --> 00:26:27,940 Back intention to save her! 231 00:26:28,160 --> 00:26:28,880 In other words... 232 00:26:29,090 --> 00:26:31,060 Is wanted to use me for other intentions ha! 233 00:26:31,650 --> 00:26:33,930 She just listened to my commands! 234 00:26:35,000 --> 00:26:35,960 Just like that! 235 00:26:37,470 --> 00:26:39,970 But I'm the police! 236 00:26:42,050 --> 00:26:43,520 Do not think so complex that! 237 00:26:44,300 --> 00:26:46,300 A nutshell is that! I will place order next! 238 00:28:21,520 --> 00:28:22,530 Right here! 239 00:28:26,720 --> 00:28:28,330 You worked hard! 240 00:28:29,980 --> 00:28:30,690 Please sign sir! 241 00:28:30,760 --> 00:28:31,470 Okay! 242 00:29:19,920 --> 00:29:22,010 This... ma'am... 243 00:29:23,800 --> 00:29:24,300 Ah! 244 00:29:24,780 --> 00:29:25,940 Please sign for the delivery! 245 00:29:28,080 --> 00:29:30,680 Oh! Okay! 246 00:29:33,080 --> 00:29:34,730 What in heaven am I doing, hey! 247 00:32:43,770 --> 00:32:44,570 Snake! 248 00:32:47,540 --> 00:32:48,410 Do it properly! 249 00:32:54,270 --> 00:32:55,630 For women, relent a bit! 250 00:33:04,020 --> 00:33:05,530 Sadly this too! 251 00:33:13,570 --> 00:33:14,240 Lady! 252 00:33:15,930 --> 00:33:17,140 Today do not bad! 253 00:33:19,770 --> 00:33:24,000 Chairman... also seems very happy. 254 00:33:26,830 --> 00:33:27,920 Particular, he says... 255 00:33:33,200 --> 00:33:37,550 She selflessly for others, so very good! 256 00:33:41,900 --> 00:33:42,500 Snake! 257 00:33:44,760 --> 00:33:49,520 Last time his wife was not at countries that ha! 258 00:33:58,590 --> 00:34:00,100 I need something... 259 00:34:00,890 --> 00:34:01,800 Voiced any work ha! 260 00:34:03,560 --> 00:34:06,130 It seems that police are continuing the investigation. 261 00:34:07,620 --> 00:34:11,120 But that said chairman do not need to bother. 262 00:34:21,920 --> 00:34:23,980 Tomorrow, please be trusted to! 263 00:35:28,370 --> 00:35:30,030 Click the button "activity"! 264 00:35:48,080 --> 00:35:49,520 Facing the back! 265 00:36:01,810 --> 00:36:03,360 Spread your two legs! 266 00:36:04,970 --> 00:36:06,210 People are going to see it! 267 00:36:06,380 --> 00:36:07,940 Form two legs! 268 00:36:11,060 --> 00:36:12,820 You are extremely a pervert! 269 00:36:13,460 --> 00:36:14,350 How quickly! 270 00:36:15,080 --> 00:36:17,160 After these words of honor to take that home! 271 00:36:17,890 --> 00:36:20,210 If she does not change the gas export... 272 00:36:20,240 --> 00:36:22,620 It forever remains a useless woman! 273 00:36:43,930 --> 00:36:45,649 Unveiling high skirt up! 274 00:37:21,530 --> 00:37:22,840 Question... are not you? 275 00:37:23,860 --> 00:37:24,880 Ask him that! 276 00:37:25,150 --> 00:37:26,320 Question... was not? 277 00:37:26,350 --> 00:37:27,970 People are staring! 278 00:37:29,130 --> 00:37:30,030 Ask him that! 279 00:37:30,480 --> 00:37:32,090 Please forgive me! 280 00:37:34,370 --> 00:37:35,260 Okay! 281 00:37:43,980 --> 00:37:46,030 Oh! Oh! Something my sister! Ne drop! 282 00:37:47,960 --> 00:37:49,170 Big sister drop this! 283 00:37:54,270 --> 00:37:55,240 I see, huh? 284 00:37:56,040 --> 00:37:57,960 After that he wanted to turn me out what's this? 285 00:38:03,200 --> 00:38:05,260 Until now, the women babylon website... 286 00:38:05,870 --> 00:38:07,076 Identity and background of the launch... 287 00:38:07,101 --> 00:38:08,384 Will not know how to spend it! 288 00:38:09,490 --> 00:38:11,178 Clearly worldwide... 289 00:38:11,203 --> 00:38:13,364 Who know how to see them. 290 00:38:14,500 --> 00:38:15,380 My stupid is stupid! 291 00:38:15,970 --> 00:38:17,306 She thought for what I am... 292 00:38:17,331 --> 00:38:19,404 Which tells her to place them, anyway! 293 00:38:23,290 --> 00:38:25,300 So people send anonymous messages is he huh? 294 00:38:27,260 --> 00:38:30,440 The reason that the women missing! Only one alone! 295 00:38:31,380 --> 00:38:32,539 The women in babylon... 296 00:38:32,564 --> 00:38:35,114 Will disappear behind the mirror it! 297 00:38:54,020 --> 00:38:55,680 This is so dirty that I have done. 298 00:38:56,380 --> 00:38:57,920 Just let me clean up! 299 00:39:08,320 --> 00:39:11,560 Madame... why are you here? 300 00:39:14,880 --> 00:39:15,810 Do you not know? 301 00:39:18,220 --> 00:39:23,410 I know listen to the division of that work alone! 302 00:39:28,860 --> 00:39:29,970 I did not say it was not! 303 00:39:35,640 --> 00:39:37,300 So why you're here right? 304 00:39:44,210 --> 00:39:45,240 Because money huh? 305 00:39:52,320 --> 00:39:54,010 Here that have been forced to do so ha! 306 00:40:03,460 --> 00:40:04,610 I was normal! 307 00:40:07,570 --> 00:40:09,360 Seeing his eyes reveal the tragic... 308 00:40:14,260 --> 00:40:17,960 I feel the real situation is not so! 309 00:40:30,120 --> 00:40:31,580 Women are the same all right! 310

英语

gogle translit

最后更新: 2015-02-10
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印尼语

citcat translateCAshiering, ini sangat vital, di tuntut ketelitian saat mengerjakan cashiering, karena efeknya akan sangat besar bagi perusahaan,tamu dan si kasir itu sendiri. Biasa nya setiap orang yg bekerja sebagai receptionist/cashier mempunyai ID dan nomer cashiernya sendiri termasuk password khusus, dimana setiap memulai/menyelesaikan shift mereka harus membuka/menutup cashiernya masing masing. Di Fidelio versi 6.20 ini batas buka cashier per orang tiap hari nya adalah 3 kali sebelom night audit run.( INI BISA BERBEDA ANTARA 1 HOTEL DENGAN HOTEL LAINNYA ), jadi kalo melebihi cashier tidak bisa di gunakan,, apabila ini terjadi maka kita bisa menggunakan cashier ID orang lain atau kimta bisa minta bantuan IT depatment (Closing the cashier using cashier closure options). If you press 1: CHECK OUT: Opsi ini untuk men check out kan tamu /folio dari system, ini di lakukan ketika tamu benar benar sudah keluar kamar dan membayar semua bill, ini jangan di lakukan jika tamu ingin membayar bill terlebih dahulu tapi tamu secara pisik masih akan tinggal dikamar. Saat kamu menekan opsi untuk check out, system akan menampilakan beberapa opsi pembayaran, contoh cash, credit card, city ledger dll. hati hati dalam melakukannya, sesuaikan dengan apa tamu membayar, dan selalu hasil akhir dari semua transaksi harus 0 ( zero ) · Cash: tamu membayar semua tagihan dengan cash maka select cash dan masukan amount dengan benar maka di kredit tamu otomatis akan 0(zero),jika tamu mempunyai negativ bill di folio maka kita bisa menggunakan opsi deposit refund. · Credit Card: jika tamu sudah memberikan preauth credit card saat check in maka kita tinggal melakukan completion pada credit cardnya.pastikan nomer dan nama yg tercantum pada kartu kredit adalah sama dengan apa yg ada di sistem, tahap akhir yang harus kamu check dan update di system adalah code credit card completion yg tercantum di credit card slip print out, JANGAN LUPA UNTUK MEMINTA TANDA TANGAN TAMU PADA SLIP KARTU KREDIT!! · City Ledger: In case of the bills to city ledger, bisa kita proses chek outnya jika ada AR number, pastikan tamu hanya menerima bill extra nya saja. jika AR number tidak ada kita bisa minta bantuan ke supervisor atau ke accounting. · Foreign Currency: pembayaran dengan mata uang asing pastikan tamu mengetahui rate curency di hotel dan beritahukan pada tamu jika ada kembalian uang maka uang yg di terima adalah mata uang yg berlaku di negara itu. Ketika semua pembayaran selesai dan hasil akhir di folio/system 0 ( zero ) maka seccara otomatis final bill print out akan keluar, perlu di ingat lagi bahwa tanda tangan tamu harus sama dengan yg di registration card, jika tamu nya berbeda maka pastikan tanda tangan nya sama dengan yg tercantum di ID card tamu. If you press 2 INFORMATION PRINT OUT: opsi ini hanya akan memberikan informasi bill tamu sementara, tidak akan ada nomer invoice pada print out nya. If you press 3 PAY ONLY: opsi ini di gunakan jika tamu ingin membayar bill, sementara tamu masih tinggal di hotel, atau kita bisa menggunakan opsi ini ketika tamu memberikan cash in advance saat check in sebagai deposit. Dalam hall ini di folio tamu akan muncul negative balance. If you press 4 NEW POSTING: Opsi ini gunakan untuk memposting transaksi baru tamu di folio pastikan kalau jumlah transaksi benar terisi di sini, dan juga code yang di masukan harus benar. If you press 5 PROFILE: ini untuk melihat profile tamu yang sama, kita bisa juga melihat profile di saat kita sedang ada di cashiering option dengan menekan angka 5. If you press 6 GUEST INFORMATION: Disamping untuk memberikan informasi tentang tamu lengkap dengan harga dan rate code nya di sini juga kita biisa melihat bila tamu itu mempunyai pesan atau tidak. If you press 7 CHANGE REG INFO: seluruh opsi reservation tamu bisa di buka dan di edit di sini, ini adalah cara terbaik untuk merubah rate, rate code, package dan special request jika ada. If you press 8 OPTIONAL FIELDS: hal terpenting dalam reservation option adalah check out info.contohnya Jika ada sesuatu yang harus di kembalikan tamu atau di minta dari tamu maka pesan check out akan muncul, ini bisa kita gunakan sebagai pesan pengingat-Reminder- gunakan opsi ini sebaik mungkin. If you press 9 ROUTING INSTRUCTIONS: Opsi ini akan memperliatkan routing instructions tamu. Routing ini biasa di gunakan untuk menempatkan charges yg berbeda di windows yg berbeda pula. Seperti yang kita tahu guest folio bis adi bagi menjadi 2 hingga 4 windows. Contohnya sebagai berikut; When the Room is to travel agent and extras is directly paid by the guest. In this case we can route the suite charges and the taxes to the second window and rest of the charges would then go to the other window or in this case would go to the first window. Guest has all his bills to company except alcoholic charges. In this case you can rout alcoholic beverages to the second window and all the department codes to the third window to the company. It will rout all the alcoholic beverages to the second, all the rest to the third window. It is important to remember that the system will read window by window. If in the above mentioned case you rout all department codes to second window and alcoholic beverages to the third window then the same would not happen. Since the two instructions are overlapping, the instruction in the 2nd window will be followed before the instruction in 3rd. You must ensure to link the routing instruction with the profile (name) of the third part payer. If the third party payer is in-house then link the Routing Instructions to the in house guest’s profile. If the third part payer is not in house then create a profile for the third party payer and link the routing instructions to this newly created profile. (What would you route if the room and breakfast is to the travel agent and the rate is inclusive of breakfast)????? If you press 0 AGENT / COMPANY: opsi ini untuk memperlihatkan profile company atau travel agent yang tercantum di reservasi tamu. Seperti yg pernah kita bahas di volume 1 tentang $ sign dan AR number di profile agent atau company.kita harus jeli melihat itu If you press A FIXED CHARGES: ini di gunakan untuk mem posting kan fix charge, sebenarnya system akan otomatis memposting charges setelah night audit runs. Jika fix charge sudah terposting maka tidak bisa di rubah, fix charge ini banyak di gunakan oleh receptionist unutk memposting extrabed bukan untuk memposting harga kamar. If you press B TELEPHONE CALLS: opsi untuk melihat list telepon tamu selama menginap di hotel lengkap dengan nomer, harga, dan jam. If you press D TRANSFER: jika anda menekan hurup D maka anda bisa mentrasfer charges dari satu kamar ke kamar lainnya sebelum tamu itu check out, contoh jika tamu memiliki dua kamar dan dia ingin mentransfer semua extra charge ke kamar utama maka kita bisa melakukannya dengan menekan D. If you press E FOLIO STYLE: ini tidak banyak di gunakan oleh staf FO tapi ini sangat berguna untuk night audit untuk mem print folio tamu. If you press H MISCELLANEOUS: salah satu opsi terpenting yang mempunyaii banyak sub options. Diantaranya adalah; o Enable Phone Details: ketika tamu meminta printout telephone kita bisa menggunakan opsi ini. o Show Posted POS Items: memperlihatkan POINT OF SALES item yang sudah di posted system. There is an allowance created by the system in the cases when the breakfast is included in the package. The same can be viewed from here. Moreover whether it has been used or realised can also be tracked from the same option. TO EXCHANGE CURRENCY Untuk penukaran mata uang asing bisa di lakukan di opsi Currency exchange di reservation fields, pilih mata uang yang akan di tukar lalu masukan jumlah uang yg di tujkar maka system akan memberikan total jumlah yg harus di berikan kepadda tamu dengan nilai tukar yg berlaku di hotel, perlu di ingat harga tukar di hotel selalu berbeda dengan harga harga di luar/pasar. · Beritahukan pada tamu tentang perbedaaan nilai tukar mata uang sebelum tamu melakukan currency exchange. · Pastikan anda meminta tanda tangan tamu pada tanda terima currency exchange lalu masukan ke remittance envelove untuk di drop. · Ingat hotel bukan Bank jadi tamu hanya bisa menukarkan uang nya dengan satu mata uang yang berlaku di mana hotel kita berada. · Hotel hanya akan melayani transaksi ini khusus untuk tamu hotel.bujkan untuk umum PAID OUTS: seperti yang kita tahu paid out adalah memberikan pinjaman uang pada tamu dari cash float kita untuk kepentingan yang mendadak, contoh untuk membayar taksi. Yang nantinya uang paid out akan di posting ke guest folio. · Pastikan semua paid out di saksikan oleh teman kerja atau supervisor · Selalu ada komisi untuk setiap paid out/tergantung hotelnya · Jika ada transaksi paid out yang jumlahnya besar segera minta persetujuan HOD atau GM . Correction Entry: Seandainya terjadi kesalahan dalam memposting ke kamar atau ke folio maka seluruh entry yang ada harus diperbaiki ulang dengan kode transaksi yang sama, sebaiknya kita print back up transaksi yg sudah di koreksi untuk kita serahkan ke night auditor sebagai referesnsi. Miscellaneous Non Revenue: Code ini di gunakan untuk men charge segala sesuatu dari hotel yang tidak menghasilkan revenue untuk hotel. Contoh, deposit untuk CD,DVD,Playstasion yg sebenarnya gratis untuk di pergunakan selama mereka menginap, dan deposit itu akan di kembalikan pada tamu saat mereka mengembalikan barang yang mereka pinjam tersebut, dan kita sebagai receptionis akan melakukan rebate atau reversal transaksi itu.(Always remember to make the miscellaneous voucher along with the abovementioned charges. The voucher number should be fed in the system). DAMAGE RECOVERY : Transaksi kode no 886 ini di gunakan dalam kasus kasus tertentu, contoh apabila ada tamu yang dengan sengaja atau tidak sengaja merusak propertti hotel maka pihak hotel akan melakukan investigasi dan meminta ganti rugi pada tamu, setelah ganti rugi di sepakati kedua belah pihak maka code yang di pakai untuk men charge hal tersebut ke dalam folio tamu adalah code 886 atau Damage recovery. SPLITTING THE CHARGES: Untuk split charge anda harus memilllih charge mana yang akan di split (kurangi/bagi) caranya dengan memberikan tanda minus(-) .system akan menanyakan berapa besar harga yang akan di split, dan secara otomatis Fidelio akan menjumlahkan hasil nya. Contoh lain dalam hal splitting of the charges sebagai berikut; Harga kamar yg sudah di bebankan pada tamu pada tanggal 7th Feb 2009 adalah Rack rate $1000++, dan pda keesokan harinya kita cek ada kesalahan harga yaitu $1200++ pada harga kamar yang sama, maka $200 adalah discrepancy yang harus kita split. Caranya kita pilih harga kamar pada tanggal 8 feb dan kita split (-) $200 pada rate kamar. Selalu siapkan back up yaitu voucher tamu & splitting report. DIFFERENCE BETWEEN REVERSAL AND REBATE/ ALLOWANCE: Sangat penting untuk kita mengetahui dan mengerti perbedaan antara rebate dan reversalsaat kita memposting sesuatu ke dalam Fidelio.ini adalah contoh gampang dari perbedaan tersebut: Reversal lebih banyak di gunakan untuk koreksi apabila terjadi kesalahan dalam memposting. Reversal akan selalu di lakukan pada hari yang sama (same day). Reversal harus menggunakakn kode transaksi yang sama dengan apa yang akan kita reverse. · Rebate/Allowance di lakukan di saat tamu menolak untnuk membayar sesuatu yang sudah di posting dalam system. Dalam hal ini perlu persetujnuan dari pihak management atau supervisor. · Reversals dan rebates harus di ketahuidi approved dan di tandatangani oleh pihak management t. (AFOM/ FOM’S, EAM) Pastikan Print out dan misselenious vocher yg sudah di tandatangani pihak management di attach sebagai back up kita dan kita drop ke accounting. PAYMASTER: Paymaster is created for accounts purposes. Contoh ketika kita harus melakukan late charge pada tamu yang sudah checked out, maka folio akan di buat sesuai dengan jumlah yang belum di bayar, folio ini bisa di check out kan saat tamu tersebut membabyar tagihannya. Cara membuat paymaster Go to Accounts under Front Desk option. Masukan nama dan profil tamu dengan benar. Pada Dummy folio kamu harus pastikan beberapa hal di bawah ini: · Rate kamar selalu 0 (zero). · Pastkan market codenya PM · Jumlah pax juga 0(zero). · Market code dan source of business harus dipilih dengan benar. · Tulis pesan di traces dan kirim email pada staff lain yang berkepentingan. Changing the password: Di Fidelio juga ada opsi untuk merubah password, caranya ke cashier menu dan pilih change password (Cashier- Cashier- Change password) CASHIER CLOSURE: hal penting terakhir dalam cashiering adalah cashier closure, pastikan kita selalu menutup cashier pribadi kita pada saat ending shift. Dan pastikan semua report yang ada di drop ke accounting dan apabila ada cash transaction maka remittance harus di buat dan report nya harus sesuai dengan cash float kita (tally)

英语

Citcat translate

最后更新: 2015-01-05
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印尼语

scientevid learning Originally Posted by Ocelot Hi Radrook, Thanks once again for your response. Indeed I was just checking that I'd located the one article amongst many that you thought addressed my claim. As I detailed, it doesn't. Well actually some people do make that claim. I've seen much talk from various brands of creationist that claim that MacroEvolution (evolution of new taxa of the species level and above) is impossible. They use similar arguments as you do so please forgive me for my presumption. I do apologise. Of course the fact that new species have been observed to evolve both in the lab and in the wild, make this claim one of the more ridiculous creationist claims but it is nonetheless one that I have encountered. I asgee that speciation does and has occurred. It's interesting to me that you have raised the bar. You accept that not all individual species need to have been created. Presumably you accept that Lions, Tigers and the domestic Cat all have a common ancestor? Am I correct in my estimation of your beliefs. Yes. If so do you also accept the more controversial conclusion that Homo Sapiens has a common ancestor with Chimps, Bonobos, Gorillas and Orang Utans. It may be more controversial for it's broad implications to theology and philosophy but perhaps because of this added interest it is a conclusion backed by even greater quantities of genetic evidence. No, that's where we diverge. Of course the genetic evidence that all placental mammals share a common ancestor more recent than the one they share with marsupials is as compelling as the evidence for a common ancestor amongst other Genus, Family, Order or Classes. If your theory is true, it would be interesting to see if the genetic evidence could tell us what the original common ancestors were beyond which we can find no further link. For example lets take for want of a better choice a red kangaroo named Charles. You and I both agree that Charles shares a common ancestor with all other red kangaroos, the genetic evidence backs this up. I see no reason to object. According to the genetic evidence Charles also shares a more distant common ancestor with other species of kangaroo such as grey kangaroos, and antilopine kangaroos. Ok. The genetic evidence suggests that further back in time these kangaroos shared a common ancestor with a variety of other species of kangaroo, wallaby and walleroo of the macropus genus. Would you agree? Sure. If so then the genetic evidence further indicates that the macropus genus shares a common ancestor with all other members of the macropod family including various other Kangaroos and Wallabies, the quokka and pademelons. Would you agree that these are all of the same "kind" sharing a common ancestor. That might be acceptable. If so then the genetic evidence indicates that the macropod family share a more distant common ancestor with all members of the order diprodontia. This includes possums koalas and wombats. Is it conceivable to you that the genetic evidence is correct and that these creatures all share a common ancestor with one another? Could they all be of the same "kind"? If they are of the same kind. In fact could all the australidelphia super order of marsupials share a common ancestor as the genetic evidence would suggest, if so are they collectively a "kind" Or do they, as the empirical evidence would suggest, all share a common ancestor with all other marsupials. Are marsupials a kind? I presume that you do not accept that some time in the cretaceous there was an early mammal type reptile or therapsid from whom both you and Charles can claim lineage. However how do you explain why when the genetic evidence is so clear? Because I believe that the data is being interpreted to fit into a preconceived notion. It doesn’t matter where you place the bar, the genetic evidence is clear, there is only one "kind" currently on planet earth we are all descended from the same single common ancestor. I too have no problem when seriously considering a theory of intelligent design that the designer might choose to vary their techniques. What I have a problems with is why the techniques should so closely match a picture of common descent with particular variations being more closely clustered amongst species that appear to be more closely related. Creationists did not make this prediction. Evolutionary biologists did. The examination of the evidence continues to uphold the prediction of the evolutionary biologists. Unless Creationism can explain this remarkable coincidence it is deficient as a theory. I'm afraid your meaning here is not entirely clear to me. However the assumption that evolution is true is rather the point. If you make that assumption you make a prediction that turns out to be true. If you don't make that assumption you need an alternative explanation for the prediction. I offer the analogy once more. If you assume that I am related to my son you will expect a roughly 50% match between the various genes in highly variable alleles. If you do not make that assumption and otherwise find the 50% match you must find another explanation (perhaps we are brothers...) If you find more genetic matches amongst placental mammals than between placental mammals and marsupials this is explained by assuming that placental mammals sharing a more recent common ancestor amongst themselves than the one they might share with marsupials. If you reject that assumption then it would benefit your case to offer an alternative that fits the known facts at least as well. I agree that certain animals share more genetic material in common than other kinds. As I said previously, some of that sharing is due to a common ancestor called a kind in Genesis. What I don't agree with is the transformation of one kind into another or that all living things are ultimately related. Or that my ancestor was a one celled creature which slowly turned into a fish, and later into a reptile, and later into some type of piglike animal as the evolutionist interpretations of data say. Not simply because it is repulsive thought, but because it all depends on a mindless process which I and most human beings on this earth, including human beings who are scientists, find unbelievable due to its inherent improbability and based on the cause and effect phenomena we perceive which indicates that machinelike complex things do not make themselves but are the product of mind or else are programmed to replicate themselves by a mind. Hi again Radrook, It's good to hear back from you. This appears to be a derail from my original question of how do you account for the genetic evidence of common descent if not through common descent. Originally Posted by Radrook It's not the frequency it's the mutation process itself that is a dubious choice for the organization of complex organisms. Originally Posted by Radrook I never denied the occurrence of neutral or beneficial mutations. It is the unlikelyhood of a mindless process with its high probability of being harmful to an organism being said to ultimately lead to the intricate organization as is evident in the human eye with its iris, to adjust the entry of light, the lens to focus that light, on a screen called the retina which is connected to an optic nerve, which reacts to the radiation by coding it into neural impulses, which in turn arrives at a specialized part of the brain which can decode those impulses and turn them into the perception of images. Sorry but in the presence of such strong evidence to the contrary, I just can't buy into the mindless mutation explanation First let me congratulate you on your acceptance of the existence of small positive mutations. This is a major step towards your understanding of what evolution is truly about. It is a step that some creationists are not prepared to make even in the face of reproducible empirical evidence. It appears that you are not sufficiently aware of the intricate complexity that can be produced by undoubtedly mindless processes. Snowflakes, have complexity, a rock arch has irreducible complexity, the water cycle is a steam engine. There is nothing you have demonstrated to be beyond the reach of a mindless process. Are you familiar with John Conway's Game of Life. Draw a random pattern in this very simple purely mechanical 2D universe. The odds that within a few generations you'll see a small glider pattern. It looks designed but you know that you didn't design it. Genetic recipes for life allow new increases in complexity to build upon previous ones. This allows many small mutations to add up to a bigger one. As such it offers us the possibility for a pinnacle of "mindless design" It is in fact so good at design that genetic algorithms have been put to good use by human designers in computer simulations. For example a genetic algorithm produces a shape which is tested virtually for various structural properties. Those algorithms which produce the best designs are then used as the seeds for the next generation of designs. It is not uncommon for such a mindless process to produce "designs" superior in structural efficiency to any of intelligent origin. What evolutionary theory accepts can never evolve is a feature than cannot be broken down into many small neutral or positive stages. The discovery of such a feature would indeed be a problem for evolution. However it is difficult to demonstrate that a feature could not be the result of an appropriate evolutionary path. To do so would probably require examination of an infinite number of possible paths. Instead we get argument for incredulity: "I cannot see how this feature could have evolved, therefore it could not have evolved." I'm sure you don't need me to point out the flaw in this logic. In all cases that I'm aware of, biologists have made progress in discovering possible evolutionary paths for the formation of seemingly problematic features. You bring up the example of the eye as one candidate. This has of course been much discussed and I'm surprised that you do not acknowledge that the solution to this apparent conundrum has already been provided. In fact it was a topic discussed by Darwin himself, who also provided a solution. From here The gradual steps listed are briefly... • photosensitive cell • aggregates of pigment cells without a nerve • an optic nerve surrounded by pigment cells and covered by translucent skin • pigment cells forming a small depression • pigment cells forming a deeper depression • the skin over the depression taking a lens shape • muscles allowing the lens to adjust From the same page you can find links detailing how each stage has been observed in the natural world. Since you accept that small positive mutation can occur and be subject to natural selection it should now be clear to you that the evolution of the eye can be broken down into a series of such steps.

英语

english translation into Indonesian

最后更新: 2014-10-27
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印尼语

TelepatDearest Susani Siregar. I thank God for given me the strength to read your mail and also write this mail to you. My heart found joy in you beloved brother. I do believe that the Jehovah Almighty will surely use you to make my dreams comes through so that even in death my soul shall rest in peace. As I am writing to you now the right arm of my breast is seriously paining me and my medical doctor has given his words that I will be in for surgical operation by Friday next week. My heart is seriously beating every second I don't know if it is going to be my last letter to you, but I pray to the lord that it will not be and as such I am using this opportunity to give you all the information about this fund. My late husband deposited this fund in one of the prime bank here in Burkina Faso, which he wished to invests the fund after the problem in the country before he met his untimely death and since then I have been seriously sick. beloved . God Knows I will be very happy for you to be honest with God because he is the person that has chosen you for this tarsk.I will write to Mr Michelle now the bank Remittance Director been the account officer to my late husband and give your information to proceed with the transfer of the fund to your bank account as soon as possible and i will also give you his contact address to enable you reach him. Loving brother in christ. ,sometimes in life, money is not important, but your good heart worth more than every other thing, please HOLD ON TO MY DREAMS so that blessings will be for us human while Glory goes to the lord. I will like you also to write and call Mr Michelle the bank remittance director been also My Late Husband aacount manager in order to facilitate the transfer without wasting of time because i want to be alive to see that you have receive this fund in your bank account before my operation so that even in death my soul shall rest in peace. This is the contact of the bank foreign Remittance Director, i want you to contact him now and call him that i have directed you to contact him on how my fund the sum of 4million dollars in their bank will be transfer to your bank account in your country for my charity foundation and gospel work. GROUPE BANK OF AFRICA. Department International Remittances. 770, Av. du Président Aboubakar Sangoulé Lamizana 01 BP 1319 01 Ouagadougou - Burkina Faso Mr. Kwame Michelle. boa_bank_accountant@accountant.com 226 77856960 Do not worry how i found you it was God himself that found you. please do not be discuraged for the lord is with us. If you want to come here and see me i will give you my hospital address. May the blessing of our lord jesus christ be with you and your family. Mrs suzan

英语

Mau kemana

最后更新: 2014-10-17
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印尼语

Do not deceive your child about the medicine, such as pretending that tablets are sweet or that liquid medicines are soft drinks. Never leave a child’s medicine within reach; he or she may be tempted to take an extra dose in order to hasten recovery. Missing a dose of your medication can be a problem only if you are taking the drug as part of a regular course of treatment. Missing a drug dose it not uncommon and it is not a cause for concern in most cases. The missed dose may sometimes produce a recurrence of symptoms or a change in the action of the drug, so you should know what to do when you have forgotten to take your medication

英语

so dont come back for me

最后更新: 2014-09-30
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印尼语

INTRODUCTION Given the obsession we have with slimness in the United States and the fact that millions of Americans are overweight it is no wonder that a multibillion dollar weight control industry has developed. Weight loss centers and health and fitness spas cater to this obsession and promise us a new body just in time for the swimsuit season. Phamaceutical companies produce drugs, both prescription and over the counter types to help us lose fat the easy way. Food manufacturers market convenient, low calorie, prepackaged but expensive meals. Each year at least one diet book on the best seller list is advertised as the last diet we will ever need. A variety of techniques, some useful and some not are used in attempt to stimulate weight loss. Drugs are used to depress the appetite or increase metabolism. Creams are applied to specific body parts to srink local fat deposits. Surgical techniques include intestinal bypasses, removal or stapling part of the stomach, excising or suction removal of subcutaneous fat tissue, and wiring the jaw shut. Weight loss diets involve almost every possible manipulation, including the high fat diet, the high protein diet, the grapefruit diet, the starvation diet, and even the "no diet" diet. Exercising programs in specially designed clothing are advertised as helping you lose inches of fat in hours. Psychological techniques such as hypnosis or behavior modification are designed to change your eating habits. In severe cases of clinical obesity, treatment usually is administered under medical supervision and may involve a combination of many of these techniques including surgery, hormone therapy, drugs and starvation type diets. An individualized, medically supervised weight control program is very important for the clinically obese because so many health risks are related obesity is very resistant to treatment and over 95 percent of those individuals who lose weight regain it within one to five years and may di this repeatedly.As noted at chapter 10 these fluctuations in body weight, known as weight cycling may not exert deleterious effects on metabolism and health and should not deter obese individuals from attempts to lose weight. The National Institute of Health notes that other group may need medically supervised weight loss programs, including children, pregnant women, persons over the age of 65, and individuals with medical conditions that could be exacerbated by weight loos. Weight control programs have greater chances for success in individuals who have accumulated excess body fat throught environmental conditions, such as excessive eating and decreased physical activity, and who do not have a strong genetic predisposition to obesity. Such a treatmentprogram may be beneficial to the typical adult, for substantial amounts of body fat appear to accumulate between the age of 25 and 35. The prevalence of overweight individuals in the United States has increased in the past quarter century in both children and adults. It is interesting to note that the average American male age 25-50, increased his BMI from 22 to 25 between the 1980 and 1989 RDA, the average female went from about 21 to 24. Moreover prevention of excess weight gain should be a life long life style, beginning in childhood and continuing through adulthood, as suggested by the data presented above. Maintenance of a healthy body weight through prevention techniques may be especially helpfull during the first to years of college when young females typically gain 10-15 pounds. Additionally prevention may also curtail the weight gain in those genetically predisposed, as supported by the recent twin study of Newman and others.

英语

Indonesian translation google english

最后更新: 2014-09-21
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印尼语

Beauty and The Beast Once upon a time, in the village, there is a poor family which live with the shortage, because of unprofit bussiness one day, the father wants to go trade. Father : My daughters, I want to sell the goods by ship for long time. Take care of each other and our house. Be nice. Maid : Don’t worry sir. Your daughter will be all right with me. Just take care of your self ...sir, because there are many pirates in the sea see you soon, sir. Beauty : Good bye father. We love you, dad. Be carefull, till we meet again Peter : Father, you must think us. We need you. Father : Okay! Don’t worry about me. I will come back safely. Alice : Dady, don’t forget to bring a lot of money, present and jewelry for me. Peter : Yeach, don’t forget for me also Father : All right. And you beauty, what do you want for you? Beauty : I don’t want anything. Just be safe dady. Father : Okay honey! Day, month and year passed them by. Their father nerer come yet. In other place, there is something happened with their father. His good was stolen by pirates, and he got injury. And he is unconcious Father : Ough……… Help me! Some body help me ( With Creeping and try to wake up and walk in the stormy weather to find save place ) suddenly he see a castle. He wakes up and walk stowly toward that castle it is beast castle. After he come to the castle he falls unconcious a day.The beast help and look after him. The next day he got up and see many food in the table. He eats and then walks to the garden. He Pick up the rose but suddenly beast comes ungryly. Beast : Why are you brave to steal my rose even I help you. Father : I don’t mean to do that. I just remember my daugther ( that ) love the rose very much I Want to give this rose for my daughter as a give. Beast : You cannot do that . The thief is a thief. You have to get the punish man. Father : Please for give me. I think your rose will broom very much. Beast : Ok. We have a. deal. Give me one of your daughther. Father : No better you kill my self, Don’t take my daughter to be your bride. Beast : Don’t bargain me. I just want your daughter. ( Beauty’s father comes home with sad face ) Maid : Your Father is coming 2x How are you, sir ? Are you ok ? Father : Oh …… I am not ok. I am tired. Beauty : Dady…Dady. Oh dady …… Why are you sad dady ? I miss you so much. Father : Beauty ……. I am bankrupt , We don’t have money anymore . We have more to . the small house. Beauty : We are ok father , Everything we do to safe our life Alice : I don’t want to move any where . I love to stay herd . Father : But there is ther problem . I met a bad person who help me. I must bring you to him because I have stolen his rose for you. Beauty : Oh dady …….. how sweet you are . Thank you for your sacrify. Peter : Don’t be silly . Our father is ok. You make something hard. Take it easy. Alice : Only a rose …… father ? You got a big problem.Beauty…….. You are a source of problem Some days later, The fairy comes to meet the Beauty. Fairy : Don’t be afraid. I come here to give you advice. Take this ring to meet that bad ..people, Say to him that you want to be his bride. Beauty : Oh Fairy it is hard for me. But I have to meet him to offer him, to for give my father. Fairy : Do something better for your family. Beauty : Thank you. The next day, Beauty wear the ring and come to beast castle. Beauty : Hello ……… any body here ! Beast : Oh Hi …….. Are you okay ? I am waiting for you soon ! You are very kind And beautiful girl. Do You marry me ? . Beauty : No. I come here ask sorry a bout my father’s false. Beast : How dare you are ! Don’t come here if you don’t want to live with me …….. Beauty comes home in a rush. But for several day, she cannot, sleep well. she always think about the beast. At Last, She decides to meet beast again Beauty : Hello ……. Mr Beast. Where are you ?. ( She goes every place to find Mr Beast. But She cannot find him and then she can meet him. But he lays unconcious ……… ) Beauty : Mr Beast ……… oh Mr Beast I am sorry, I Want to marry with you. Please wake up Beast : Beauty……… Thank you . I am rarely death, if you are late. It is a bad luck. Do You really want to marry with me. Beauty : Yes, Off course. I really love you ( With kissing )

英语

how far is the station from Malang railways station

最后更新: 2014-09-17
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印尼语

Do not deceive your child about the medicine, such as pretending that tablets are sweet or that liquid medicines are soft drinks. Never leave a child’s medicine within reach; he or she may be tempted to take an extra dose in order to hasten recovery. Missing a dose of your medication can be a problem only if you are taking the drug as part of a regular course of treatment. Missing a drug dose it not uncommon and it is not a cause for concern in most cases. The missed dose may sometimes produce a recurrence of symptoms or a change in the action of the drug, so you should know what to do when you have forgotten to take your medication

英语

One day longer

最后更新: 2014-04-30
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印尼语

Geing product smears to the scar place and massages g ently till skin completely sucking up, per day 2 times the matter is pay attention to : This product pertains to the external application produce and it is pleasing to theeye toenvy the entance, if possess indi screetly. Piece rinse either without delay seeks medical advice in the way of a great quantity of clear water store conceaning : Closely place at the arid part of cool place

英语

Suku Indian

最后更新: 2014-01-19
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印尼语

tdgdgdgdrgeeeThe Place of Logic in Philosophy. The sciences fall into two broad divisions, viz.: the speculative and the regulative (or normative) sciences. In the speculative sciences, philosophic thought deals with those things which we find proposed to our intelligence in the universe: such sciences have no other immediate end than the contemplation of the truth. Thus we study Mathematics, not primarily with a view to commercial success, but that we may know. In the normative sciences, on the other hand, the philosopher pursues knowledge with a view to the realization of some practical end. "The object of philosophy," says St. Thomas of Aquin, "is order. This order may be such as we find already existing; but it may be such as we seek to bring into being ourselves."¹ Thus sciences exist, which have as their object the realization of order in the acts both of our will and of our intellect. The science which deals with the due ordering of the acts of the will, is Ethics, that which deals with order in the acts of the intellect is Logic. ¹St. Thomas in Ethic. I. lect. 1. Sapientis est ordinare. . . . Ordo autem quadrupliciter ad rationem comparatur. Est enim quidam ordoquem ratio non facit sed solum considerat, sicut est ordo rerum naturalium. Alius autem est ordo quem ratio considerando facit in proprio actu, puta cum ordinat conceptus suos ad invicem et signa conceptuum quae sunt voces significativae. Tertius autem est ordo quem ratio considerando facit in operationibus voluntatis. Quartus autem est ordo quem ratio considerando facit in exterioribus rebus, quarum ipsa est causa, sicut in arca et domo. The question has often been raised, whether Logic is science or an art. The answer to this will depend entirely on the precise meaning which we give to the word 'art.' The medieval philosophers regarded the notion of an art as signifying a body of rules by which man directs his actions to the performance of some work.2 Hence they held Logic to be the art of reasoning, as well as the science of the reasoning process. Perhaps a more satisfactory terminology is that at present in vogue, according to which the term 'art,' is reserved to mean a body of precepts for the production of some external result, and hence is not applicable to the normative sciences. Aesthetics, the science which deals with beauty and proportion in the objects of the external senses, is now reckoned with Ethics and Logic, as a normative science. By the medieval writers it was treated theoretically rather than practically, and was reckoned part of Metaphysics. It may be well to indicate briefly the distinction between Logic and two other sciences, to which it bears some affinity. Logic and Metaphysics. The term Metaphysics sometimes stands for philosophy in general sometimes with a more restricted meaning it stands for that part of philosophy known as Ontology. In this latter sense Metaphysics deals not with thoughts, as does Logic, but with things, not with the conceptual order but with the real order. It investigates the meaning of certain notions which all the special sciences presuppose, such as Substance, Accident, Cause, Effect, Action. It deals with principles which the special sciences do not prove, but on which they rest, such as e.g., Every event must have a cause. Hence it is called the science of Being, since its object is not limited to some special sphere, but embraces all that is, whether material or spiritual. Logic on the other hand deals with the conceptual order, with thoughts. Its conclusions do not relate to things, but to the way in which the mind represents things. ²St. Thomas us An. Post. I., lect. x. "Nihil enim aliud ars esse videtur, quam certa ordinatio rationis qua per determinata media ad debitum finem actus humani perveniunt." Logic and Psychology. The object of Psychology is the human soul and all its activities. It investigates the nature and operations of intellect, will, imagination, sense. Thus its object is far wider than that of Logic, which is concerned with the intellect alone. And even in regard to the intellect, the two sciences consider it under different aspects. Psychology considers thought merely as an act of the soul. Thus if we take a judgment, such as e.g., "The three angles of a triangle are together equal to two right angles," Psychology considers it, merely in so far as it is a form of mental activity. Logic on the other hand, examines the way in which this mental act expresses the objective truth with which it deals; and if necessary, asks whether it follows legitimately from the grounds on which it is based. Moreover, Logic, as a regulative science, seeks to prescribe rules as to how we ought to think. With this Psychology has nothing to do: it only asks, "What as a matter of fact is the nature of the mind's activity?" The Scope of Logic. Logicians are frequently divided into three classes, according as they hold that the science is concerned (1) with names only, (2) with the form of thought alone, (3) with thought as representative of reality. The first of these views — that Logic is concerned with names only — has found but few defenders. It is however taught by the French philosopher Condillac (1715 — 1780), who held that the process of reasoning consists solely in verbal transformations. The meaning of the conclusion is, he thought, ever identical with that of the original proposition. The theory that Logic deals only with the forms of thought, irrespective of their relation to reality, was taught among others by Hamilton (1788 —1856) and Mansel (1820 —1871). Both of these held that Logic is no way concerned with the truth of our thoughts, but only with their consistency.In this sense Hamilton says: "Logic is conversant with the form of thought, to the exclusion of the matter" (Lectures. I. p. xi). By these logicians a distinction is drawn between 'formal truth,' i.e., self-consistency and 'material truth,' i.e., conformity with the object and it is said that Logic deals with formal truth alone. On this view Mill well observes: "the notion of the true and false will force its way even into Formal Logic. We may abstract from actual truth, but the validity of reasoning is always a question of conditional truth — whether one proposition must be true if the others are true, or whether one proposition can be true if others are true" (Exam. of Hamilton, p. 399). According to the third theory, Logic deals with thought as the means by which we attain truth. Mill, whom we have just quoted, may stand as a representative of this view. "Logic," he says, "is the theory of valid 'thought, not of thinking, but of correct thinking" (Exam. of Hamilton, p. 388). To which class of logicians should Aristotle and his Scholastic followers be assigned? Many modern writers rank them in the second of these groups, and term them Formal Logicians. It will soon appear on what a misconception this opinion rests, and how completely the view taken of Logic by the Scholastics differs from that of the Formal Logicians. In their eyes, the aim of the science was most assuredly not to secure self-consistency, but theoretically to know how the mind represents its object, and practically to arrive at truth. The terms Nominalist, Conceptualist, and Realist Logicians are now frequently employed to denote these three classes. This terminology is singularly unfortunate: for the names, Nominalist, Conceptualist and Realist, have for centuries been employed to distinguish three famous schools of philosophy, divided from each other on a question which has nothing to do with the scope of Logic. In this class we shall as far as possible avoid using the terms in their novel meaning.

英语

Woww photonya terlalu seksi

最后更新: 2013-11-29
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印尼语

The Goal and Specification Model. The goal and specification model assumes that there are clear, enduring, normative and well accepted goals and specifications as indicators and standards for education institutions or education systems to pursue or conform. As discussed in the previous part on internal quality assurance, education quality defined by this model is the achievement of the stated goals or conformance to the specifications listed in the institutional plan or program plans. It is a type of internal quality. Quality assurance by this model is to ensuring achievement of stated goals and conformance to given specifications. The typical examples of quality indicators to be used may include students’ academic achievements, attendance rate, dropout rate, and personal developments, number of graduates enrolled in universities or graduate schools, staff’s professional qualifications, etc.

英语

translation english to Indonesian

最后更新: 2013-10-09
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印尼语

terjemahanAntidoron (from Greek, meaning "instead of the gifts"; in Arabic, qurban) is the remaining bread from a loaf of prosphora after the Lamb has been removed for the Holy Eucharist. In Byzantine practice, it is blessed during the megalynarion to the Theotokos immediately after the epiclesis in the Divine Liturgy and is given by the priest to the faithful after the service. Historically, it was distributed only to those who had not received 'the Gifts', Holy Communion so that they would receive a Blessing in place of Holy Communion but this practice has changed over time and all those present at the Divine Liturgy receive Antidoron as a blessing. In some practice, antidoron may be distributed to non-Orthodox Christians who attend an Orthodox liturgy, but in other places, it is reserved only for the faithful. Portions that are uneaten are disposed of either by burning or by being placed outside where they are consumed by the elements or by animals.

英语

‎1. Why do children need an adult who both cares for them as individuals and can serve as a model of an educated person? 2. What does the slogan “All children can learn” meant? How might it be better phrased to capture its meaning? 3. Are all the steps of Dewey’s problem-solving model necessary? Is it accurate to call Dewey’s educational philosophy “child-centered’? 4. What must children learn in order to participate intelligently in democracy? 5. Existensialist put great emphasis on the individual as free agent-one who chooses, creates a self, and takes responsibility. Do you think this stance is compatible with Pancasila? 6. In choosing subject matter content, are there values more important that truth? 7. How do Dewey and Piaget differ in their epistemological position? 8. Should teachers be urged to use research? Is there an alternative that is preferable from a professional perspective? 9. Do you believe that “to know the good is to do the good’? Why? 10. What is the role of trust in education

最后更新: 2013-04-07
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