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英语

god made us in his own image

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i was created by the image of god not in society

最后更新: 2021-07-19
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参考: 匿名

英语

god made us through his image and likeness

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imahe at pagkakahawig

最后更新: 2019-07-12
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英语

bathing in his own blood

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naliligo sa sariling dugo

最后更新: 2018-01-16
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英语

what can we say about the way god made us then?

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ginawa tayo ng diyos sa kanyang sariling imahe

最后更新: 2021-07-11
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英语

jesus takes away sin by bearing the sins of the world in his own body the sufferings

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inaalis ni jesus ang kasalanan sa pamamagitan ng pagdala ng mga kasalanan ng sanlibutan sa kanyang sariling katawan ng mga pagdurusa

最后更新: 2021-05-24
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英语

wissam al jazayri is a young syrian graphic designer, who uses his blog and facebook page to contribute in his own pacific way to the revolution.

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si wissam al jazayri ay isang binatang graphic designer sa syria, na nakilala dahil sa kanyang blog at facebook page na nagsusulong sa diwa ng rebolusyon.

最后更新: 2016-02-24
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英语

man and woman created in the image of god implies that god has ownership over our lives and will one day justly pass eternal judgment upon us. genesis 1:27: “so god created man in his own image, in the image of god he created him; male and female he created them.” once a refugee fleeing to egypt.

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ginawa tayo ng diyos sa kanyang sariling imah

最后更新: 2021-06-09
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参考: 匿名

英语

man and woman created in the image of god implies that god has ownership over our lives and will one day justly pass eternal judgment upon us. genesis 1:27: “so god created man in his own image, in the image of god he created him; male and female he created them.” once a refugee fleeing to egypt.

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ginawa tayo ng diyos sa kanyang sariling imahe

最后更新: 2021-06-09
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参考: 匿名

英语

how god created the world in the beginning, the earth was formless and there was darkness all around. on the first day and night. on the second day, he created the sky and the sea, separating them from each other. on the third day, he created land and vegetation. on the fourth day, god created the sun, moon , and stars. on the fifth day, god filled the seas with dishes and water creatures, and the sky with birds. on the sixth day, came land-living animals. god also created a man, adam, from mud in his own image, and breathed life into him. on the seventh day, the sabbath, god rested.

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kung paano nilikha ng diyos ang daigdig

最后更新: 2021-06-15
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英语

if a partner authorized to manage collects a demandable sum, which was owed to him in his own name, from a person who owed the partnership another sum also demandable, the sum thus collected shall be applied to the two credits in proportion to their amounts, even though he may have given a receipt for his own credit only; but should he have given it for the account of the partnership credit, the amount shall be fully applied to the latter.

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if a partner authorized to manage collects a demandable sum, which was owed to him in his own name, from a person who owed the partnership another sum also demandable, the sum thus collected shall be applied to the two credits in proportion to their amounts, even though he may have given a receipt for his own credit only; but should he have given it for the account of the partnership credit, the amount shall be fully applied to the latter.

最后更新: 2021-03-12
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参考: 匿名

英语

in 1996, treasure hunter brock lovett and his team board the research vessel akademik mstislav keldysh to search the wreck of rms titanic for a necklace with a rare diamond, the heart of the ocean. they recover a safe containing a drawing of a young woman wearing only the necklace dated april 14, 1912, the day the ship struck the iceberg.[note 1] rose dawson calvert, the woman in the drawing, is brought aboard keldysh and tells lovett of her experiences aboard titanic. in 1912 southampton, 17-year-old first-class passenger rose dewitt bukater, her fiancé cal hockley, and her mother ruth board the luxurious titanic. ruth emphasizes that rose's marriage will resolve their family's financial problems and allow them to retain their upper-class status. distraught over the engagement, rose climbs over the stern and contemplates suicide; jack dawson, a poor artist, intervenes and discourages her. discovered with jack, rose tells a concerned cal that she was peering over the edge and jack saved her from falling. cal becomes indifferent, and it is suggested to him that jack be rewarded; he invites jack to dine with them in first-class. jack and rose develop a tentative friendship, despite cal, his valet spicer lovejoy, and ruth, being wary of him. following dinner, rose secretly joins jack at a party in third-class. aware of cal and ruth's disapproval, rose rebuffs jack's advances, but later realizes she prefers him over cal. after rendezvousing on the bow at sunset, rose takes jack to her state room; at her request, jack sketches rose posing nude wearing cal's engagement present, the heart of the ocean. they evade lovejoy, and have sex in an automobile inside the cargo hold. on the forward deck, they witness the ship's collision with an iceberg and overhear its officers and builder discussing its seriousness. cal discovers jack's sketch of rose and an insulting note from her in his safe along with the necklace. when jack and rose attempt to inform cal of the collision, cal retaliates by having lovejoy slip the necklace into jack's pocket, accusing him of theft. jack is arrested and restrained in the master-at-arms' office. cal puts the necklace in his own coat pocket. with the ship sinking, rose flees cal and her mother, who has boarded a lifeboat, and frees jack. on the boat deck, cal and jack encourage her to board a lifeboat. while intending only to save himself, cal claims he can ensure he and jack get off safely. as her lifeboat lowers, rose realizes she cannot leave jack, and jumps back on board. cal takes lovejoy's pistol and chases rose and jack into the flooding first-class dining saloon. after using up his ammunition, he relents. cal realizes he gave his coat, and consequently the necklace, to rose. he later boards a lifeboat by carrying a lost child. after braving several obstacles, jack and rose return to the boat deck. the lifeboats have departed and passengers are falling to their deaths as the stern rises out of the water. the ship breaks in half, dropping the stern into the water. jack and rose climb onto the back of it, and ride it into the ocean. he helps her onto a wooden panel buoyant enough for only one person. he assures her that she will die an old woman, warm in her bed. jack dies of hypothermia,[8] but rose is saved by a returning lifeboat. the rms carpathia later rescues the survivors; on board, rose hides from cal en route to new york city, where she gives her name as rose dawson. rose says she later read that cal committed suicide after losing his fortune in the wall street crash of 1929. back in the present, lovett decides to abandon his search after hearing rose's story. alone on the stern of keldysh, rose takes out the heart of the ocean, which was in her possession all along, and drops it into the sea over the wreck site. while she is seemingly asleep or has died in her bed,[9] photos on her dresser depict a life of freedom and adventure. a young rose reunites with jack at titanic's grand staircase, applauded by those who died on the ship.

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最后更新: 2020-11-04
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英语

mobile legends: bang bang wiki mobile legends: bang bang wiki minsitthar/story courageous warrior.jpg alias: courageous warrior king of mahar pura faction: eastern place: mahar pura, cadia riverlands weapon: the holy spear & shield of glory / golden shield characteristics gender: male race: human edit tab background in the mysterious village of the east, there lived a hero; the courageous warrior, minsitthar, who once saved his kingdom from danger. he was once the prince of mahar pura, a rich and prosperous kingdom, with great historical position. minsitthar served in the defense forces of the kingdom, from his youth. given his remarkable achievements, after adulthood, he was respectfully called one of the four great generals of mahar pura. minsitthar was invincible in wars, which earned the trust of the king and his people. they deeply believed that minsitthar would be the succeed the throne, after his father. perseverant and courageous as he might be, he couldn't avoid, falling for a beautiful girl, whom he had met in the palace lakeside. however, his father, the king, knew about this very quickly. minsitthar tried to convince his father, but still, the king strongly stood against his love. enraged, his father picked up the holy spear and pointed it towards his son, launching it to the floor. his father couldn't be more furious and minsitthar realised that his father had dried out all the trust and expectations towards him. minsitthar knew that he had made an unrecoverable mistake and before resulting in further consequences, fled out of the palace in the dark night, along with his servants. it was the first time that he had left his homeland. but his exile had just begun. years flew by and the king got serious disease. with only a few days of life left, the whole palace was covered in sadness and panic. rebel and foes seized the moment and launched an attack, throwing the kingdom into chaos. foreign forces started their invasion upon hearing the death of the king. poor mahar pura was under the will of it's enemies and soon became devastated. only a messenger of minsitthar's brother, managed to escape the chaos and find the former prince of mahar pura. he conveyed the news of his father's death, telling the prince that the king had long ago forgiven him and that mahar pura was in grave danger, persuading minsitthar to take the holy spear and come back to help them save the kingdom amd and it's people. minsitthar unhesitatingly took the holy spear. even after his painful past, he decided to stand out and serve his kingdom. yet, upon his return, he and his brother had some disagreements in battlefield strategies, and his paranoid brother failed in his own plan and got killed by the rebelling army. however, minsitthar united the soldiers and fought through countless battles, wiping out all the enemies with the holy spear his father passed down to him. mahar pura was at peace, again. shortly after, minsitthar ascended the throne and became the next king of mahar pura. the people of mahar pura deeply loved and respected minsitthar. during the exile, he had witnessed many methods of ruling and he brought revolution and innovation to his kingdom. soon later, mahar pura became a prosperous kingdom again.

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short stories translate in filipino

最后更新: 2021-07-05
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参考: 匿名
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英语

bowed by the weight of centuries he leans upon his hoe and gazes on the ground, the emptinous up ages does in his face and on his back the burden of the world who made him dead to rapture and dispair, a thing that griebes not and that newer hopes stupid and stunned, a brother to the ox? who loosed and let clown this brutal jaw? who was the hand that stanted back this brow whose breath blew out the light within this brain? is the thing the lord god made and gave to have dominion over sea and land, to trace the stars and search the newers for power; to feel the passion of eternity? is the dream he dreamd who shaped the suns and mark their ways upon the acient deep? down all the stretch of hell to its last gult there is no shape more terrible than this more tongued with censure if the world's blidn greed more filled with signs and portents. for the soul more traught with danger to the universe what guts between him and the seraphim! slave of the wheel of labor, what to him are plato and the swing of pleiades? what the long veaches of the peaks of song, the rift of down, the reddening of the rase? through this dread shape humanity betrayed plundered, profaned and dis inherited, cries protest to the judges of the world, a protest that is also prophecy. o masters lords and rules in all lands in this the handwork you give to god, this monstrous thing distorted and soul quenched? how will you over straightened up this shape; to uch it again with immortality; give back the upward looking and the light; building in it the music and dream; make right the immemorial infamies, perfidious wrongs, immocable woes? o, masters, lords and rulers in all lands, how will the future reck with this man? how answer his brute question in that hour when whirl winds of rebellion shake the world with those who shaped him to the things he is; when this dumb terror shall reply to god after the silence of the centuries?

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ang tao na may asarol at iba poems

最后更新: 2016-09-22
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参考: 匿名

英语

consularspecial power of attorney know all men by these presents: i/we, mr. joedel belmonte malapo, filipino, single, of legal age/s, with postal address at #1818 upo napico street, manggahan 1611 pasig city, do hereby name, constitute and appoint sandra olavera naron, filipino, single, of legal age, residing at #1818 upo napico street, manggahan 1611 pasig city whose specimen signature appears below, to be my/our true and lawful attorney-in-fact, for me/us and in my/our name/s, place and stead, and for my/our own use and benefit to do the following acts and deeds: 1. to acquire the property in paragraph 3 presently covered by condominium/transfer certificate of title no. ________________ under the name of property company of friends inc. and to be registered and transferred in name/s of sandra olavera naron. 2. to apply for, negotiate, and obtain a loan from bdo unibank, inc (“the bank”) in the principal amount not exceeding (php 1,357,300.xx) only, philippine currency, (the “loan”), or any such higher amount as may be approved by the bank ,at such terms and conditions as may be agreed by my attorney-in-fact with the bank: 3. to encumber or assign and convey by way of first mortgage unto the bank, its successors and assigns my/our property/ies described below, including its appurtenant parking space, laundry area, drying area, ledge, garden area, balcony, if any, as security for the prompt payment of the loan, including its renewals, extensions, rescheduling, restructuring, reavailments or amendments thereof: location current tct/ cct no., registry of deeds & registered owner to be transferred to block 11 lot 3 kensington 6 barangay navarro, general trias, cavite tct/ cct no. _______________ province of cavite property company of friends inc. sandra olavera naron 4. to indicate, confirm and instruct the bank on the mode of payment for my/our above loan, including without limitation, to authorize the bank to automatically debit from my/our account with the bank’s __________________ branch under account no. __________________ (the “account”) for any and all payments/amounts which may be due from me/us under the said loan and/or the facility obtained in accordance with paragraph 8 below, as my/our attorney-in-fact may deem appropriate or necessary; 5. to make, sign, execute, and deliver contracts, documents, agreements, and other writings of whatever nature or kind, such as but not limited to promissory note(s), the deed of real estate mortgage / mortgage loan agreement, deed of undertaking, automatic debit authority and all other documents (including without limitation, the enrollment form for any mortgage redemption/credit life insurance or other bond/insurance requirements and/or any renewal thereof, and such petitions, warranties, representations and undertakings in relation to the condition of the foregoing property and the delivery of title over the same to the bank, free and clear from any liens and encumbrances), with the bank any and all third persons, concerns, or entities, as may be necessary or proper in connection with the foregoing upon the terms and conditions as my/our said attorney-in-fact may, in his / her discretion, deem to be in my/our best interest: 6. to duly receive on my/our behalf the proceeds of the said loan as well as legal notices or processes directed to me/us in the event of foreclosure or other satisfaction of the suit premised on the deed of real estate mortgage / mortgage loan agreement or any other document, warranty, agreement to be executed by my/our attorney-in-fact in favor of the bank as security for the aforesaid loan: 7. to claim from the bank, upon full payment of the credit accommodations / facilities for which my/our property stands as collateral, the owner’s duplicate copy of title aforementioned. 8. to obtain a facility from the bank in such amount as may be necessary to pay for the insurance policy such as but not limited to mortgage redemption/credit life insurance and fire insurance policy, procured in connection with the loan, and to sign, execute and deliver application forms, contracts, documents, and agreements, as may be necessary or proper in connection with the facility to be obtained at such terms and conditions as my/our said attorney-in-fact may, in his/her discretion, deem to be proper, and to claim and receive from the bank any and all documents in relation to the insurance policy procured and/or facility obtained. 9. to cancel any lien / encumbrance such as but not limited to sec. 4, rule 74 of the revised rules of court (heirs' and / or creditors' lien), sec. 7 of republic act no. 26 (an act providing a special procedure for the reconstitution of torrens certificates of title lost or destroyed), and / or prior mortgage annotations, if any. 10. to do and perform any and all acts necessary for the faithful execution of the foregoing acts and deeds. hereby giving and granting unto my/our said attorney-in-fact full power and authority to do and perform all and every act and thing whatsoever requisite and necessary to be done in and about the premises, as fully to all intents and purposes as i might or could lawfully do if personally present, and hereby ratifying and confirming all that my/our said attorney-in-fact has done, shall lawfully do or cause to be done by virtue of these presents. this special power of attorney shall be valid and subsisting and shall remain in full force and effect unless otherwise revoked or amended by me in writing and duly served upon the bank. in witness whereof, i have hereunto set my hand this day of _________________ at _______________________. joedel belmonte malapo grantor/principal sandra olavera naron attorney-in-fact signed in the presence of: stephanie joy m yao acknowledgment and certificate of oath republic of the philippines) s.s. ____________________________ ) before me, a notary public for and in the above jurisdiction personally appeared: name competent evidence of identity date & place issued joedel belmonte malapo 409-792-012-000 tin sandra olavera naron 427-167-706-000 tin personally known to or identified by me to be the same person/s who executed the foregoing instrument and he / she / they acknowledged to me that their signature on the instrument was voluntarily affixed for the purposes stated therein, the same is his / her / their own free and voluntary act and deed and they were duly authorized to sign for the person/s or corporation/s herein represented, and he / she / they further made oath as to the truth of the representation and warranties thereof. this instrument consisting of _________ (___) pages, including this page on which the acknowledgment is written, has been signed by the party and their instrumental witnesses on each and every page thereof and relates to a special power of attorney granted in favor of _____________________. witness my hand and notarial seal on this day of ______________________________ at ____________________________________ doc. no. _____________; page no. _____________; notary public book no. _____________; series of _____________;ized

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consularized

最后更新: 2016-03-16
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英语

sophocles was an ancient greek poet and one of three ancient greek tragedians whose plays have survived. his plays belonged to the period after aeschylus and earlier of euripides. based on the information provided by suda, a 10th century encyclopedia, sophocles wrote 123 plays during his lifetime, out of which only seven have survived in a complete form. these plays are ajax, antigone, trachinian women, oedipus the king, electra, philoctetes and oedipus at colonus. it was believed that he remained the most celebrated playwright in the dramatic competitions of the city-state of athens held during the religious festivals of the lenaea and the dionysia. sophocles participated in thirty competitions, of which he won 24 and never went below second place in the rest. among his plays, the two most famous tragedies, oedipus and antigone are generally known as the theban plays, even though each play belonged to a part of a different tetralogy. sophocles greatly influenced the drama. his main contribution was the addition of third actor which reduced the importance of the chorus in the presentation of the plot. a crater on the surface of mercury has been after this ace greek poet and playwright. sophocles childhood and life sophocles was the son of sophilus, who was a rich member of the rural deme (small community) of colonus hippius. sophocles was said to have been born in attica. it is said that he was born few years before the battle of marathon in 490 bc, which is probably around 497/6 bc. sophocles received his first artistic achievement in 468 bc, when he won first prize in the dionysia theatre competition over the reigning master of athenian drama, aeschylus. according to greek historian plutarch, this victory was quite unusual. unlike the usual custom of choosing judges by lot, the archon asked cimon and the other strategoi present to decide the victor of the contest. according to him after being defeated, aeschylus left for sicily. “triptolemus” was one amongst the plays that sophocles presented at this festival. when sophocles was sixteen, he was chosen to lead the paean, a choral chant to a god, celebrating the greek victory over the persians at the battle of salamis. he was one of the ten strategoi, high executive officials that commanded the armed forces and was the junior colleague of pericles. in the beginning of his career, sophocles received patronage from the politician cimon. even when cimon was ostracized by pericles (cimon's rival) in 461 bc, sophocles received no harm. in 443/ 442 he became one of the hellenotamiai, or treasurers of athena, and had the role to assist managing the finances of the city during the political ascendancy of pericles. based on the accounts of the vita sophoclis, he served as a general in the athenian campaign against samos in 441 bc. it was believed that sophocles received this post because of his writing of antigone. in 420 bc, when asclepius was introduced to athens, he welcomed it and set up an altar for the image of deity at his house. in 413, sophocles was elected one of the commissioners who reacted to the catastrophic destruction of the athenian expeditionary force in sicily during the peloponnesian war. personal life sophocles first married to nicostrata, with whom he had a son named iophon. in the later life, he had relationship with a woman of sicyon. she bore him a son called ariston. it was believed that he had three more sons, but there is not much information about them. death in the winter of 406/ 405 bc, sophocles died at the age of ninety or ninety one. like the other famous men from the ancient history, his death also inspired many apocryphal stories. one of the stories states that he died from the strain of trying to recite a long sentence from his play, “antigone” without pausing to take a breath. whereas the other story suggests that he choked to death while eating grapes at the anthesteria festival in athens. the third story accounts that he died due to excessive happiness over winning his final victory at the city dionysia. works the earliest contribution of sophocles to the drama was the introduction of the third actor which immensely reduced the role of the chorus and created better opportunities for character development and conflict between characters. even his competitor aeschylus, who dominated athenian playwrights during sophocles' early career, accepted the new idea and adopted it into his own work towards the end of his life. aristotle gave sophocles the credit of the introduction of skenographia, or scenery-painting. after the death of aeschylus in 456 bc, sophocles became the celebrated playwright in athens. he emerged victorious in different dramatic competitions, 18 at dionysia and 6 at lenaea festivals. apart from making innovations in the dramatic structure, he was also known for his deeper development of characters than the earlier playwrights. his widespread reputation helped him to get invitation from foreign rulers to attend their courts, but unlike other playwrights aeschylus who died in sicily, or euripides who spent time in macedon, he never accepted any of these invitations. sophocles works were influential and significant for the greek culture. two out of his seven plays can be estimated correctly to their exact dates, which namely are “philoctetes” (409 bc) and “oedipus at colonus” (401 bc, staged after his death by his grandson). from the rest of his plays, “electra” had striking similarities to these two plays which put forwards the fact that it was written in the later part of his literary career. again based on the stylistic characteristics of “oedipus the king” which came in his middle period, “ajax”, “antigone” and “the trachiniae” belonged to his early days. sophocles had also written three theban plays namely, “oedipus the king”, “oedipus at colonus” and “antigone”. all these plays described the fate of thebes during and after the reign of king oedipus. these plays were sometimes even published under a single cover. sophocles had written these plays in separate festival competitions with several years of difference between them. they cannot be called trilogy because of the presence of inconsistencies among them. apart from these, sophocles is supposed to have written few more theban plays such as such as “the progeny”, which survived in fragments. the majority of his plays depicted the undercurrent of early fatalism and the offset of socratic logic being the keystone for the long tradition of greek tragedy.

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sopokles

最后更新: 2016-02-09
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英语

sophocles was an ancient greek poet and one of three ancient greek tragedians whose plays have survived. his plays belonged to the period after aeschylus and earlier of euripides. based on the information provided by suda, a 10th century encyclopedia, sophocles wrote 123 plays during his lifetime, out of which only seven have survived in a complete form. these plays are ajax, antigone, trachinian women, oedipus the king, electra, philoctetes and oedipus at colonus. it was believed that he remained the most celebrated playwright in the dramatic competitions of the city-state of athens held during the religious festivals of the lenaea and the dionysia. sophocles participated in thirty competitions, of which he won 24 and never went below second place in the rest. among his plays, the two most famous tragedies, oedipus and antigone are generally known as the theban plays, even though each play belonged to a part of a different tetralogy. sophocles greatly influenced the drama. his main contribution was the addition of third actor which reduced the importance of the chorus in the presentation of the plot. a crater on the surface of mercury has been after this ace greek poet and playwright. sophocles childhood and life sophocles was the son of sophilus, who was a rich member of the rural deme (small community) of colonus hippius. sophocles was said to have been born in attica. it is said that he was born few years before the battle of marathon in 490 bc, which is probably around 497/6 bc. sophocles received his first artistic achievement in 468 bc, when he won first prize in the dionysia theatre competition over the reigning master of athenian drama, aeschylus. according to greek historian plutarch, this victory was quite unusual. unlike the usual custom of choosing judges by lot, the archon asked cimon and the other strategoi present to decide the victor of the contest. according to him after being defeated, aeschylus left for sicily. “triptolemus” was one amongst the plays that sophocles presented at this festival. when sophocles was sixteen, he was chosen to lead the paean, a choral chant to a god, celebrating the greek victory over the persians at the battle of salamis. he was one of the ten strategoi, high executive officials that commanded the armed forces and was the junior colleague of pericles. in the beginning of his career, sophocles received patronage from the politician cimon. even when cimon was ostracized by pericles (cimon's rival) in 461 bc, sophocles received no harm. in 443/ 442 he became one of the hellenotamiai, or treasurers of athena, and had the role to assist managing the finances of the city during the political ascendancy of pericles. based on the accounts of the vita sophoclis, he served as a general in the athenian campaign against samos in 441 bc. it was believed that sophocles received this post because of his writing of antigone. in 420 bc, when asclepius was introduced to athens, he welcomed it and set up an altar for the image of deity at his house. in 413, sophocles was elected one of the commissioners who reacted to the catastrophic destruction of the athenian expeditionary force in sicily during the peloponnesian war. personal life sophocles first married to nicostrata, with whom he had a son named iophon. in the later life, he had relationship with a woman of sicyon. she bore him a son called ariston. it was believed that he had three more sons, but there is not much information about them. death in the winter of 406/ 405 bc, sophocles died at the age of ninety or ninety one. like the other famous men from the ancient history, his death also inspired many apocryphal stories. one of the stories states that he died from the strain of trying to recite a long sentence from his play, “antigone” without pausing to take a breath. whereas the other story suggests that he choked to death while eating grapes at the anthesteria festival in athens. the third story accounts that he died due to excessive happiness over winning his final victory at the city dionysia. works the earliest contribution of sophocles to the drama was the introduction of the third actor which immensely reduced the role of the chorus and created better opportunities for character development and conflict between characters. even his competitor aeschylus, who dominated athenian playwrights during sophocles' early career, accepted the new idea and adopted it into his own work towards the end of his life. aristotle gave sophocles the credit of the introduction of skenographia, or scenery-painting. after the death of aeschylus in 456 bc, sophocles became the celebrated playwright in athens. he emerged victorious in different dramatic competitions, 18 at dionysia and 6 at lenaea festivals. apart from making innovations in the dramatic structure, he was also known for his deeper development of characters than the earlier playwrights. his widespread reputation helped him to get invitation from foreign rulers to attend their courts, but unlike other playwrights aeschylus who died in sicily, or euripides who spent time in macedon, he never accepted any of these invitations. sophocles works were influential and significant for the greek culture. two out of his seven plays can be estimated correctly to their exact dates, which namely are “philoctetes” (409 bc) and “oedipus at colonus” (401 bc, staged after his death by his grandson). from the rest of his plays, “electra” had striking similarities to these two plays which put forwards the fact that it was written in the later part of his literary career. again based on the stylistic characteristics of “oedipus the king” which came in his middle period, “ajax”, “antigone” and “the trachiniae” belonged to his early days. sophocles had also written three theban plays namely, “oedipus the king”, “oedipus at colonus” and “antigone”. all these plays described the fate of thebes during and after the reign of king oedipus. these plays were sometimes even published under a single cover. sophocles had written these plays in separate festival competitions with several years of difference between them. they cannot be called trilogy because of the presence of inconsistencies among them. apart from these, sophocles is supposed to have written few more theban plays such as such as “the progeny”, which survived in fragments. the majority of his plays depicted the undercurrent of early fatalism and the offset of socratic logic being the keystone for the long tradition of greek tragedy.

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characteristicssophocles was an ancient greek poet and one of three ancient greek tragedians whose plays have survived. his plays belonged to the period after aeschylus and earlier of euripides. based on the information provided by suda, a 10th century encyclopedia, sophocles wrote 123 plays during his lifetime, out of which only seven have survived in a complete form. these plays are ajax, antigone, trachinian women, oedipus the king, electra, philoctetes and oedipus at colonus. it was believed that he remained the most celebrated playwright in the dramatic competitions of the city-state of athens held during the religious festivals of the lenaea and the dionysia. sophocles participated in thirty competitions, of which he won 24 and never went below second place in the rest. among his plays, the two most famous tragedies, oedipus and antigone are generally known as the theban plays, even though each play belonged to a part of a different tetralogy. sophocles greatly influenced the drama. his main contribution was the addition of third actor which reduced the importance of the chorus in the presentation of the plot. a crater on the surface of mercury has been after this ace greek poet and playwright. sophocles childhood and life sophocles was the son of sophilus, who was a rich member of the rural deme (small community) of colonus hippius. sophocles was said to have been born in attica. it is said that he was born few years before the battle of marathon in 490 bc, which is probably around 497/6 bc. sophocles received his first artistic achievement in 468 bc, when he won first prize in the dionysia theatre competition over the reigning master of athenian drama, aeschylus. according to greek historian plutarch, this victory was quite unusual. unlike the usual custom of choosing judges by lot, the archon asked cimon and the other strategoi present to decide the victor of the contest. according to him after being defeated, aeschylus left for sicily. “triptolemus” was one amongst the plays that sophocles presented at this festival. when sophocles was sixteen, he was chosen to lead the paean, a choral chant to a god, celebrating the greek victory over the persians at the battle of salamis. he was one of the ten strategoi, high executive officials that commanded the armed forces and was the junior colleague of pericles. in the beginning of his career, sophocles received patronage from the politician cimon. even when cimon was ostracized by pericles (cimon's rival) in 461 bc, sophocles received no harm. in 443/ 442 he became one of the hellenotamiai, or treasurers of athena, and had the role to assist managing the finances of the city during the political ascendancy of pericles. based on the accounts of the vita sophoclis, he served as a general in the athenian campaign against samos in 441 bc. it was believed that sophocles received this post because of his writing of antigone. in 420 bc, when asclepius was introduced to athens, he welcomed it and set up an altar for the image of deity at his house. in 413, sophocles was elected one of the commissioners who reacted to the catastrophic destruction of the athenian expeditionary force in sicily during the peloponnesian war. personal life sophocles first married to nicostrata, with whom he had a son named iophon. in the later life, he had relationship with a woman of sicyon. she bore him a son called ariston. it was believed that he had three more sons, but there is not much information about them. death in the winter of 406/ 405 bc, sophocles died at the age of ninety or ninety one. like the other famous men from the ancient history, his death also inspired many apocryphal stories. one of the stories states that he died from the strain of trying to recite a long sentence from his play, “antigone” without pausing to take a breath. whereas the other story suggests that he choked to death while eating grapes at the anthesteria festival in athens. the third story accounts that he died due to excessive happiness over winning his final victory at the city dionysia. works the earliest contribution of sophocles to the drama was the introduction of the third actor which immensely reduced the role of the chorus and created better opportunities for character development and conflict between characters. even his competitor aeschylus, who dominated athenian playwrights during sophocles' early career, accepted the new idea and adopted it into his own work towards the end of his life. aristotle gave sophocles the credit of the introduction of skenographia, or scenery-painting. after the death of aeschylus in 456 bc, sophocles became the celebrated playwright in athens. he emerged victorious in different dramatic competitions, 18 at dionysia and 6 at lenaea festivals. apart from making innovations in the dramatic structure, he was also known for his deeper development of characters than the earlier playwrights. his widespread reputation helped him to get invitation from foreign rulers to attend their courts, but unlike other playwrights aeschylus who died in sicily, or euripides who spent time in macedon, he never accepted any of these invitations. sophocles works were influential and significant for the greek culture. two out of his seven plays can be estimated correctly to their exact dates, which namely are “philoctetes” (409 bc) and “oedipus at colonus” (401 bc, staged after his death by his grandson). from the rest of his plays, “electra” had striking similarities to these two plays which put forwards the fact that it was written in the later part of his literary career. again based on the stylistic characteristics of “oedipus the king” which came in his middle period, “ajax”, “antigone” and “the trachiniae” belonged to his early days. sophocles had also written three theban plays namely, “oedipus the king”, “oedipus at colonus” and “antigone”. all these plays described the fate of thebes during and after the reign of king oedipus. these plays were sometimes even published under a single cover. sophocles had written these plays in separate festival competitions with several years of difference between them. they cannot be called trilogy because of the presence of inconsistencies among them. apart from these, sophocles is supposed to have written few more theban plays such as such as “the progeny”, which survived in fragments. the majority of his plays depicted the undercurrent of early fatalism and the offset of socratic logic being the keystone for the long tradition of greek tragedy.

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plato was born around the year 428 bce in athens. his father died while plato was young, and his mother remarried to pyrilampes, in whose house plato would grow up. plato's birth name was aristocles, and he gained the nickname platon, meaning broad, because of his broad build. his family had a history in politics, and plato was destined to a life in keeping with this history. he studied at a gymnasium owned by dionysios, and at the palaistra of ariston of argos. when he was young he studied music and poetry. according to aristotle, plato developed the foundations of his metaphysics and epistemology by studying the doctrines of cratylus, and the work of pythagoras and parmenides. when plato met socrates, however, he had met his definitive teacher. as socrates' disciple, plato adopted his philosophy and style of debate, and directed his studies toward the question of virtue and the formation of a noble character. plato was in military service from 409 bc to 404 bc. when the peloponnesian war ended in 404 bc he joined the athenian oligarchy of the thirty tyrants, one of whose leaders was his uncle charmides. the violence of this group quickly prompted plato to leave it. in 403 bc, when democracy was restored in athens, he had hopes of pursuing his original goal of a political career. socrates' execution in 399 bc had a profound effect on plato, and was perhaps the final event that would convince him to leave athenian politics forever. plato left attica along with other friends of socrates and traveled for the next twelve years. to all accounts it appears that he left athens with euclides for megara, then went to visit theodorus in cyrene, moved on to study with the pythagoreans in italy, and finally to egypt. during this period he studied the philosophy of his contemporaries, geometry, geology, astronomy and religion. after 399 bc plato began to write extensively. it is still up for debate whether he was writing before socrates' death, and the order in which he wrote his major texts is also uncertain. however, most scholars agree to divide plato's major work into three distinct groups. the first of these is known as the socratic dialogues because of how close he stays within the text to socrates' teachings. they were probably written during the years of his travels between 399 and 387 bc. one of the texts in this group called the apology seems to have been written shortly after socrates' death. other texts relegated to this group include the crito, laches, lysis, charmides, euthyphro, and hippias minor and major. plato returned to athens in 387 bc and, on land that had once belonged to academos, he founded a school of learning which he called the academy. plato's school is often described at the first european university. its curriculum offered subjects including astronomy, biology, mathematics, political theory, and philosophy. plato hoped the academy would provide a place where thinkers could work toward better government in the grecian cities. he would preside over the academy until his death. the period from 387 to 361 bc is often called plato's "middle" or transitional period. it is thought that he may have written the meno, euthydemus, menexenus, cratylus, repuglic, phaedrus, syposium and phaedo during this time. the major difference between these texts and his earlier works is that he tends toward grander metaphysical themes and begins to establish his own voice in philosophy. socrates still has a presence, however, sometimes as a fictional character. in the meno for example plato writes of the socratic idea that no one knowingly does wrong, and adds the new doctrine of recollection questioning whether virtue can be taught. in the phaedo we are introduced to the platonic doctrine of the forms, in which plato makes claims as to the immortality of the human soul. the middle dialogues also reveal plato's method of hypothesis. plato's most influential work, the republic, is also a part of his middle dialogues. it is a discussion of the virtues of justice, courage, wisdom, and moderation, of the individual and in society. it works with the central question of how to live a good life, asking what an ideal state would be like, and what defines a just individual. these lead to more questions regarding the education of citizens, how government should be formed, the nature of the soul, and the afterlife. the dialogue finishes by reviewing various forms of government and describing the ideal state, where only philosophers are fit to rule. the republic covers almost every aspect of plato's thought. in 367 bc plato was invited to be the personal tutor to dionysus ii, the new ruler of syracuse. plato accepted the invitation, but found on his arrival that the situation was not conducive for philosophy. he continued to teach the young ruler until 365 bc when syracuse entered into war. plato returned to athens, and it was around this time that plato's famous pupil aristotle began to study at the academy. in 361 bc plato returned to syracuse in response to a letter from dion, the uncle and guardian of dionysus ii, begging him to come back. however, finding the situation even more unpleasant than his first visit, he returned to athens almost as fast as he had come. back at the academy, plato probably spent the rest of his life writing and conversing. the way he ran the academy and his ideas of what constitutes an educated individual have been a major influence to education theory. his work has also been influential in the areas of logic and legal philosophy. his beliefs on the importance of mathematics in education has had a lasting influence on the subject, and his insistence on accurate definitions and clear hypotheses formed the foundations for euclid's system of mathematics. his final years at the academy may be the years when he wrote the "later" dialogues, including the parmenides, theatetus, sophist,statesmas,timaeus,critias,philebus, and laws. socrates has been delegated a minor role in these texts. plato uses these dialogues to take a closer look at his earlier metaphysical speculations. he discusses art, including dance, music, poetry, architecture and drama, and ethics in regards to immortality, the mind, and realism. he also works with the philosophy of mathematics, politics and religion, covering such specifics as censorship, atheism, and pantheism. in the area of epistemology he discusses a priori knowledge and rationalism. in his theory of forms, plato suggests that the world of ideas is constant and true, opposing it to the world we perceive through our senses, which is deceptive and changeable. in 347 plato died, leaving the academy to his sister's son speusippus. the academy remained a model for institutions of higher learning until it was closed, in 529 ce, by the emperor justinian.

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