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Englisch

majority

Tamilisch

perumbanmai

Letzte Aktualisierung: 2011-05-13
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Englisch

We did not find the covenant upheld by the majority of them, but We found most of them evildoers.

Tamilisch

அவர்களில் பெரும்பாலோருக்கு வாக்குறுதியை (நிறைவேற்றும் தன்மை இருப்பதாக) நாம் காணவில்லை - அன்றியும் அவர்களில் பெரும்பாரோரைப் பாவிகளாகவே கண்டோம்.

Letzte Aktualisierung: 2014-07-03
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Englisch

should be implemented from the school until univercity level as the majority of current internet users comprised the Y generation who were technology savvy

Tamilisch

தமிழ் மொழிபெயர்ப்பு சேவை இலவச ஆன்லைன் ஆங்கிலம்

Letzte Aktualisierung: 2014-08-16
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Referenz: Anonym

Englisch

If you follow the majority of people on the earth, they will lead you astray from the path of God, for they follow only conjecture and surmise.

Tamilisch

பூமியில் உள்ளவர்களில் பெரும் பாலோரை நீர் பின்பற்றுவீரானால் அவர்கள் உம்மை அல்லாஹ்வின் பாதையை விட்டு வழிகெடுத்து விடுவார்கள். (ஆதாரமற்ற) வெறும் யூகங்களைத்தான் அவர்கள் பின்பற்றுகிறார்கள் - இன்னும் அவர்கள் (பொய்யான) கற்பனையிலேயே மூழ்கிக்கிடக்கிறார்கள்.

Letzte Aktualisierung: 2014-07-03
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Englisch

But We will this day deliver you with your body that you may be a sign to those after you, and most surely the majority of the people are heedless to Our communications.

Tamilisch

எனினும் உனக்குப் பின்னுள்ளவர்களுக்கு ஓர் அத்தாட்சியாக இன்றைய தினம் நாம் உம் உடலைப் பாதுகாப்போம்; நிச்சயமாக மக்களில் பெரும்பாலோர் நம் அத்தாட்சிகளைப்பற்றி அலட்சியமாக இருக்கின்றார்கள்" (என்று அவனிடம் கூறப்பட்டது).

Letzte Aktualisierung: 2014-07-03
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Englisch

Is it not that whenever they made a covenant, a part of them would cast it away? Rather, the majority of them do not have faith.

Tamilisch

மேலும், அவர்கள் உடன்படிக்கை செய்தபோதெல்லாம், அவர்களில் ஒரு பிரிவினர் அவற்றை முறித்து விடவில்லையா? ஆகவே, அவர்களில் பெரும்பாலோர் ஈமான் கொள்ள மாட்டார்கள்.

Letzte Aktualisierung: 2014-07-03
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Referenz: Anonym

Englisch

If you obey the majority of those on earth, they will lead you astray from God's way. They follow nothing but conjecture. They are only guessing.

Tamilisch

பூமியில் உள்ளவர்களில் பெரும் பாலோரை நீர் பின்பற்றுவீரானால் அவர்கள் உம்மை அல்லாஹ்வின் பாதையை விட்டு வழிகெடுத்து விடுவார்கள். (ஆதாரமற்ற) வெறும் யூகங்களைத்தான் அவர்கள் பின்பற்றுகிறார்கள் - இன்னும் அவர்கள் (பொய்யான) கற்பனையிலேயே மூழ்கிக்கிடக்கிறார்கள்.

Letzte Aktualisierung: 2014-07-03
Nutzungshäufigkeit: 1
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Referenz: Anonym

Englisch

parHazel Druid horoscope Some people believe that eating the nuts from the hazel tree can create visions, greater awareness, and amazing insights into life. This unusual tree with its distinctive, curly branches is said to contain ancient knowledge. The Hazel represents creativity and imagination, and the Celtics held it in high regard as a source of artistic inspiration. Despite this unique tree's appearance and meaning, Hazel people are usually rather hard to notice at first glance. They prefer to keep it low key; they are calm, quiet, and overall, nearly invisible. However, if someone makes an effort to get to know them a little bit better, they will find Hazels to be very charming and full of virtue. Hazel people don't get involved in conversations and rarely speak their mind but when they do, they draw the most unexpected and unconventional conclusions. Hazels have their own opinion about everything. They can intuitively sum up a situation very easily. In their youth, Hazels are sensitive and reserved. Later in life they acquire seemingly magic powers that allow them to masterfully manipulate others. They become so skillful and adept at it that their ability remains completely obscure and unnoticeable to even those they manipulate. There are two types of Hazel Tree people, and they are polar opposites: the majority is warm hearted, kind, and wise. At the same time, there are a few ill minded villains who can destroy a person's life out of idle whim. These particular Hazels can be wrathful, irrational, and even cruel. When in love, Hazels will do whatever it takes to make their loved one happy. However, if they happen to fall out of love, their ex will become their number one enemy, and Hazels will make them pay for all the pleasure they once had. Hazel people don't need anybody in order to feel happy or to feel miserable. Sometimes emotionally unstable, this sign is torn by passions. They are their own best friends and their own worst enemies. Hazels create their own mythology; they like to color the truth. Often times they lose track of their own mistruths, or go too far in their fantasies. These people are very careful to never disclose their own true thoughts; however, they are very good at reading others and they use this talent to their advantage. Oddly, considering their amiable and warm persona, Hazel Tree people don't always care very deeply about humanity in general. Life with a Hazel Tree person can be tough, but it is never dull. Hazels are usually fast learners. Their intuition is impeccable. They unfortunately lack natural, easy to express kindness and compassion for others, but if they can learn to develop their positive traits, they will find inner harmony and respect. Copyright © Daily Horoscope. Download it now — http://comitic.com/dhagraph

Tamilisch

QUERY LENGTH LIMIT EXCEDEED. MAX ALLOWED QUERY : 500 CHARS

Letzte Aktualisierung: 2018-08-08
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Englisch

Tamil Nadu is home to many natural resources, Dravidian architecture, hill and beach resorts, and art of entertainment. Art of entertainment is very famous for its folk song and dance. The folk song is also called Tamil Nattupura Padal. Tamil nattupura padalgal express the real life activity feelings which include the happy moments, sad pity, joy and even in death situation. It is pristine heights at a very early age. The three modes of entertainment classified as Iyal (Literature), Isai (Music) and Nadagam (Drama) had their roots in the rural folk theatre like Therukoothu. Many forms of group and individual dances with the classical forms for popularity and sheer entertainment value. Majority of these dances are still thriving in Tamil Nadu today.

Tamilisch

விக்கிப்பீடியா nattupura kalaigal

Letzte Aktualisierung: 2016-09-15
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Englisch

Epidemiology Frequency In developing countries, the predominant cause of VVF is prolonged obstructed labor (97%). VVFs are associated with marked pressure necrosis, edema, tissue sloughing, and cicatrization. The frequency of VVF is largely underreported in developing countries. The magnitude of the fistula problem worldwide is unknown but believed to be immense. In Nigeria alone, Harrison (1985) reported a vesicovaginal fistula rate of 350 cases per 100,000 deliveries at a university teaching hospital. The Nigerian Federal Minister for Women Affairs and Youth Development, Hajiya Aish M.S. Ismail, has estimated that the number of unrepaired VVFs in Nigeria is between 800,000 and 1,000,000 (2001). In 1991, the World Health Organization identified the following geographic areas where obstetric fistula prevalence is high: virtually all of Africa and south Asia, the less-developed parts of Oceana, Latin America, the Middle East, remote regions of Central Asia, and isolated areas of the former Soviet Union and Soviet-dominated eastern Europe.[13, 14] In contrast to developing countries, countries that practice modern obstetrics have a low rate of UGFs and VVF remains the most common type. Less frequently, UGFs may occur (1) between the bladder and cervix or uterus; (2) between the ureter and vagina, uterus, or cervix; and (3) between the urethra and vagina. Of note, a ureteric injury is identified in association with 10-15% of VVFs. The majority of UGFs in developed countries are a consequence of gynecological surgery. Consequently, the incidence may change as surgical management changes. The incidence of VVF in the United States is debated. Although most authors quote an incidence rate of VVF after total abdominal hysterectomy (TAH) of 0.5-2%, others suggest only a 0.05% incidence rate of injury to either the bladder or ureter. So if injuries to the bladder and ureters occur in roughly 1% of major gynecologic procedures, and approximately 75% are associated with hysterectomy, and if there are about 500,000 hysterectomies performed each year then about 5,000 women will experience an injury. Lee, in a series of 35,000 hysterectomies, found more than 80% of genitourinary fistulas arose from gynecological surgery for benign disease. Uncomplicated TAH accounted for more than 70% of these surgeries. The indications for these TAH surgeries excluded the more complex diagnoses, such as pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), endometriosis, and carcinoma; instead, they were performed primarily for diagnoses such as abnormal bleeding, fibroids, and prolapse. In approximately 10% of cases of VVF, obstetrical trauma was the associated etiology. Radiotherapy and surgery for malignant gynecologic disease each accounted for 5% of cases. Notably, a rise in incidence of UGFs paralleled the switch in policy toward the preference of performing a total hysterectomy over a supracervical hysterectomy.

Tamilisch

தமிழ் மொழிபெயர்ப்பு ஆங்கிலம் பத்தி ஆன்லைன்

Letzte Aktualisierung: 2016-05-13
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Referenz: Anonym

Englisch

mango tree historyMangos orginated in Southeast Asia and India, where references to the fruit are documented in Hindu writings dating back to 4000 B.C. Buddhist monks cultivated the fruit and in fact, the mango is considered to be a sacred fruit in the region because is is said that Buddha himself meditated under a mango tree. The mango belongs to the same family as the cashew and pistachio nut. Mango seeds traveled with humans from Asia to the Middle East, East Africa and South America beginning around 300 or 400 A.D. Mangos sold in the U.S. are grown near the equator in countries like. Mexico, Ecuador, Peru, Brazil, Guatemala and Haiti. Mangos have been grown in the U.S. for a little more than a century, but commercial, large-scale production here is limited. Because mangos need a tropical climate to flourish only Florida, California, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico grow mangos. The United States Territory of Puerto Rico has been producing mangos commercially for the last 30 years. Currently about 4,000 acres of mangos are being cultivated for export, but the majority of this crop goes to Europe rather than the mainland United States. In the Coachella Valley of California, around 200 acres of mangos are being produced, with about half of these being certified organic. Slow, gradual growth in mango acreage is expected in California, where the competition for suitable land is fierce. Mangos are susceptible to frost, and farmers who own appropriate land are hesitant to switch from tried and true crops such as grapes and citrus. In Hawaii, the estimated space devoted to mangos is around 300 acres and nearly all of this fruit will be sold locally. Many mango varieties have been cultivated in South Florida, as part of a seedling program initiated by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) and spearheaded by David Fairchild, founder of USDA’s Section of Foreign Seed and Plant Introduction. The program focused on introducing mango varieties to the region, with the goal of producing mangos that could be exported. Over time, new varieties were developed, and some of these were introduced to growers in other parts of the world. Today, many of the popular varieties of mango grown around the world were derived from this program in Florida, including the Tommy Atkins, Haden, Keitt, and Kent. In fact, the Haden was a seedling of the Mulgoba, a seedling brought to Florida by the USDA from India during the late 1800s. While the mango industry in Florida thrived for some time after the mango’s introduction, its commercial acreage peeked at 7,000 acres in the early 1900s. The mango industry in Florida has since been diminished by freezes, urbanization, hurricanes and competition from other countries. Today, it’s estimated that less than 1000 acres of mangos are still in production, and most of these mangos are destined for local farmers’ and specialty markets. Meanwhile, backyard trees in Florida continue to thrive and bring joy to residents across the southern part of the state. In addition to these backyard mangos, Fairchild Tropical Gardens, named after David Fairchild, continues to cultivate mango varieties and work with mango growers all over the world. Fairchild is known for its annual International Mango Festival, which draws thousands of mango lovers each year to its Miami-area location in a celebration of all things mango. For more information on David Fairchild, and the Fairchild Tropical Gardens, visit - See more at: http://www.themangofactory.com/history/mango-history-2/#sthash.fSEQPQC3.dpuf

Tamilisch

மாமரத்தின் வரலாறு

Letzte Aktualisierung: 2015-10-21
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Referenz: Anonym

Englisch

Women: Their Freedom, And How They Got It The Light at the End of the Tunnel In the past, women have been oppressed to a point where they were treated as a completely different species. They were in a country that seemed to be a dark tunnel with no hope, dreams, or sense of fulfillment. Now, women have been given their natural birthrights, and they are now able to do everything males can do. As the United States of America was building, women for some reason were not treated like they should have been. Strong women like Sojourner Truth stood up for what they knew was right. She was able to fight for all women, represent a whole "race" and take control, she was one of the very few women who had the strength and will power to face this problem head on, and win. She was able to take on an entire nation and voice her opinion regardless of what her consequences could have been. That is what it takes to free yourself and or other people from the hold of injustice. Not too many people have the quality to be able to stand up in such harsh situations but because of some brave women all of the women are able to walk down the street and feel as equal as any man passing by. They can vote, hold office, get high paying jobs, and be independent women, with independent thoughts. In the lights of the horrible past, women were able to build a defense system far better than any army or navy that any country could produce. The women were able to attack with intelligence, perseverance, and being able to bring up common sense that seemed to have been missing before. With this defense, they were able to produce an illustrious history. Now, women can linger with their pasts, and with the memories of the women who preceded them, and look towards a bright future, where people like Eleanor Roosevelt and Hillary Rodham Clinton exemplify the American women, who can live out the American Dream, once only available to males. No longer do women write books depicting their insecurities and injustices. Now women are writers of Pulitzer Prize winning works and teach aspiring male authors how to be the best they can be. In a society where it was once unheard of for women to even be educated, women take up the majority of grade school teachers, and many more have blossomed into college professors with Ph D's and MD's. As women kept making these advancements to individualism, people have taken notice, and now women are considered better contenders for many jobs, men no longer have the full control they once fabricated. As a matter of fact, of the people who have created major impacts on my life; socially, mentally, religiously and otherwise, all but one has been female. Just imagine, without these females in my life, I would not be the person I am today, makes you stop and wonder, where would our nation be without women. With the achievement of all this, women know have so many opportunities that were once a dream, the tunnel they once envisioned so dark and impassible seems like a stairway to lights, to the open society of acceptance and opportunity.

Tamilisch

பேனா தட்டு கட்டுரை

Letzte Aktualisierung: 2015-03-16
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Referenz: Anonym
Warnung: Enthält unsichtbare HTML-Formatierung

Englisch

One of the biggest issues facing employers today is the safety of their employees. Workplace accidents are increasingly common. In 2003, for instance, the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) reported a total of 4.4 million nonfatal workplace injuries in private industries. Organizations have a moral responsibility to ensure the safety and well-being of their members. Organizational practices that promote safety can also help a company establish competitive advantage by reducing costs and complying with safety laws. Workplace safety can be quite expensive. Unintentional injuries alone cost more than $146.6 billion per year for medical and insurance costs, workers' compensation, survivor benefits, lost wages, damaged equipment and materials, production delays, other workers' time losses, selection and training costs for replacement workers, and accident reporting. State and federal governments strictly regulate organizational safety practices. The government views safety violations very seriously, and the penalties for violating safety laws can be quite severe. In addition to being issued large fines, employers who violate safety regulations can be held liable for criminal charges. The following examples illustrate the types of penalties associated with such violations: In November of 2004, OSHA fined General Motors (GM) Powertrain plant in Massena, NY for six serious safety violations, including an obstructed exit route, inadequate guarding of moving machine parts, and the failure to assess the need for personal protective equipment for workers. There were additional fines for recordkeeping violations, specifically underreporting injuries and illnesses. The penalty was $160,000. In September of 2004, a Weyerhaeuser plant in West Virginia was cited for improper reporting of injuries and illnesses to OSHA. The fine was $77,000 and the company had nine months to undergo an independent audit of their recordkeeping practices. In July of 2004, OSHA issued a proposed fine against Fru-Con Construction Corp in the amount of $280,000 for the company's negligence which resulted in the deaths of four employees. An improperly secured 2 million pound, 315 foot long launching truss collapsed, killing the four employees. GOVERNMENT REGULATION OF SAFETY PRACTICES AT THE WORKPLACE Federal laws regulate the safety practices of most organizations. We limit our discussion to laws that affect a majority of organizations, but note that several additional laws exist which cover particular segments of the workforce. For instance, numerous laws pertain to government contractors, to specific states, and to specific industries (e.g., transportation, nuclear power, food, and drug). The Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 is probably the most comprehensive and wide-ranging legislation in this area. It applies to nearly all U.S. workplaces. The act aims to ensure safe working conditions for every American worker by: Setting and enforcing workplace safety standards; Promoting employer-sponsored educational programs that foster safety and health; and Requiring employers to keep records regarding job-related safety and health matters. Three separate agencies were created by the act: The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) develop and enforce health and safety standards. The Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission hear appeals from employers who wish to contest OSHA rulings. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health conducts health and safety research to suggest new standards and update previous ones. The following discussion focuses on the safety standards imposed by OSHA and how they are enforced. OSHA has issued literally thousands of safety and health standards. Areas of basic concern include fire safety, personal protection equipment, electrical safety, basic housekeeping, and machine guards. Each standard specifies such things as permissible exposure limit, monitoring requirements, methods of compliance, personal protective equipment, hygiene facilities, training, and record-keeping. To comply with these standards, most mid- to large-sized organizations employ safety professionals to keep up with them and ensure that each is being met. These professionals face too many specific issues to mention here, but some of the most important issues they must address appear in Figure 1. Figure 1 OSHAEmployee Responsibilities Figure 1 OSHA–Employee Responsibilities Companies with more than ten employees are subject to routine OSHA inspections. Companies with fewer than ten employees are exempt from such inspections, but can be investigated if a safety-related problem is brought to the attention of OSHA. High-hazard industries, such as manufacturing firms, chemical companies, and construction companies, are subject to inspections regardless of the number of employees. OSHA conducts inspections based on the following priority classifications, which are listed in order of importance: Imminent danger. OSHA gives top priority to workplace situations that present an "imminent danger" of death or serious injury to employees. The company must take immediate corrective action. Fatality or catastrophe investigations. The second highest priority is given to sites that have experienced an accident that has caused at least one employee to die or three or more to be hospitalized. Employers must report these events within 8 hours. The inspection aims to determine the cause of the accident and whether any violation of OSHA standards contributed to it. Employee complaint investigations. OSHA responds third to employee complaints about hazards or violations. The speed with which OSHA responds depends on the seriousness of the complaint. Employees may request to remain anonymous. Referrals from other sources. Consideration is given to referrals of hazard information from federal, state and local agencies, individuals, organizations, and the media. Follow-ups. OSHA sometimes will return to verify that violations have been corrected. General programmed inspections. OSHA will also inspect an organization if it is a high-hazard industry or has a lost workday injury rate that is above the national norm for that industry. When an OSHA inspection reveals that an employer has violated one of its standards, it issues a citation. The citation, posted near the site of the violation, lists the nature of the violation, the abatement period (i.e., the time frame within which the company must rectify the problem), and any penalty levied against the employer. Willful violations (i.e., those that an employer intentionally and knowingly commits) carry a penalty of up to $70,000 for each offense. If a death occurs because of a willful violation, the employer may be both fined and imprisoned. Congress enacted the Hazard Communication Standard (more commonly referred to as the Employee Right-to-Know Law) in 1984. This law gives workers the right to know what hazardous substances they are dealing with on the job. A substance is considered hazardous if exposure to it can lead to acute or chronic health problems. Federal and state agencies have compiled lists of more than 1,000 substances deemed hazardous under this law. The law requires all organizations to (1) develop a system for inventorying hazardous substances, (2) label the containers of these substances, and (3) provide employees with needed information and training to handle and store these substances safely. Employers typically violate the OSHA Hazard Communication Standard more frequently than any other OSHA standard. The majority of companies are cited for failing to have: written hazard communication programs an up-to-date hazardous chemical inventory list properly labeled chemical containers material safety data at the work site, in the form of material safety data sheets (MSDS) training programs for teaching employees about the chemicals they work with Government fines for right-to-know violations may be as high as $1000 per chemical for first violations and $10,000 per chemical for second violations. Additional penalties for environmental crimes include fines up to $75,000 per day and imprisonment. Another law affecting organizational safety and health practices is the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). An individual is protected by the ADA if he or she is disabled, that is, if the individual has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more of the individual's major life activities. According to the ADA regulations, temporary, non-chronic impairments that are short in duration and have little or no long-term impact are usually not considered disabilities under the act. For example, broken limbs, sprains, concussions, appendicitis, or influenza are not disabilities. However, if a broken leg did not heal properly and resulted in permanent impairment that significantly restricted walking or other major life activities, it could then be considered a disability. In 2004, there were 15,376 total charges filed as ADA violations with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC). From July 1992 (when the law first took effect) through the end of September 2004, employees filed 204,997 complaints with the EEOC. Employees who became disabled as the result of workplace conditions or injuries filed about half of these charges. Individuals with back impairments have lodged the greatest number of charges. People also frequently claimed emotional, neurological, and extremity impairments. Penalties for ADA violations may be as high as $50,000 for initial violations and up to $100,000 for each subsequent violation. In addition, the Civil Rights Act of 1991 allows claimants to collect up to $300,000 in punitive damages for "willful" violations. ACCIDENTS AND ACCIDENT PREVENTION Despite laws designed to ensure safety at the workplace, U.S. companies' accident rates are alarmingly high. According to one estimate, employees lost eighty million workdays in 2002 from workplace injuries, and more than 3.7 million people suffered disabling injuries on the job that year. What causes all of these industrial injuries? These causes can be divided into three categories: employee error, equipment insufficiency, and procedure insufficiency. Examples of causes falling within each category are listed here: Employee error—misjudged situations; distractions by others; neuromuscular malfunctions; inappropriate working positions; and knowingly using defective equipment; Equipment insufficiency—use of inappropriate equipment; safety devices being removed or inoperative; and the lack of such things as engineering controls, respiratory protection, and protective clothing; Procedure insufficiency—failure of procedure for eliciting warning of hazard; inappropriate procedure for handling materials; failure to lock out or tag out; and a lack of written work procedures. Workplace accidents pose serious problems for employees and for a firm's competitive advantage, but employers can prevent most of them. Many preventive strategies work. Some people just seem to be accident prone. If some people do have inherent tendencies toward accidents, then organizations should be able to lower their accident rates by screening out accident-prone applicants. Research studies have discovered that individuals with certain personality characteristics are more likely than others to be involved in industrial accidents. For instance, one study found that people with higher accident rates tend to be impulsive and rebellious, and they tend to blame outside forces, rather than themselves, for their mishaps. Another study identified the following four "high-risk" personality characteristics: Risk taking: high risk-takers actually seek out danger rather than trying to minimize or avoid it. Impulsiveness: impulsive individuals fail to think through the consequences of their actions. Rebelliousness: rebellious individuals tend to break established rules, including safety rules. Hostility: hostile individuals tend to lose their tempers easily and thus engage in aggressive acts, such as kicking a jammed machine. Many organizations now use personality tests to screen out individuals with accident-prone tendencies. For example, some companies use a test (called the Personnel Selection Inventory-Form 3S) to assess applicants' safety consciousness. One part of the test measures the degree to which individuals perceive a connection between their own behavior and its consequences. As noted earlier, individuals unable to see this connection are at greater risk for accidents. Employers who provide all new employees with training on safe and proper job procedures experience fewer accidents. Employees should learn how to perform each of their tasks as safely as possible. Training should be very specific, as illustrated in the example that follows. This example covers the procedures to be followed by employees working at a large food manufacturing plant: When picking up pans from the conveyor belt, pick up no more than two pans before you place them on the pan rack. Stack roll pans no higher than the rear rail of the pan rack. When you lift or lower the dough, keep both hands on the dump chain. When you pull the dough trough away from the dough mixer, hold both hands on the front rail and not on the rail sides. While safety training is essential, employees do not always apply what they have learned. Just as many automobile drivers know it is wrong to exceed legal speed limits, but do it anyway, workers may choose to ignore instructions and carry out procedures in their own, unsafe way. One way to mitigate this problem is to implement a safety incentive program. Such programs aim to motivate safe behavior by providing workers with incentives for avoiding accidents. The organization formulates safety goals (usually on a department-wide basis) and rewards employees if these goals are met. For example, a particular department may establish the goal of reducing lost-time accidents by 50 percent over the next three months. If this goal were to be met, all employees within that department would receive an incentive reward, usually in the form of a cash bonus or merchandise. Safety incentive programs often work quite well. For example, Willamette Industries implemented a program because it was experiencing an average of thirty accidents per year that caused people to miss work. As a result of the program, the company went 450 days without a lost-time accident. Two problems often arise with safety incentive programs, however. In some cases, workers get so caught up in trying to win incentive rewards that they conceal their injuries and do not report them. When injuries go unreported, injured workers relinquish their rights to workers' compensation and firms remain unaware of safety problems. Second, workers may continue to perform in an unsafe manner (e.g., take risky shortcuts) because they remain unconvinced that such behavior is likely to result in accidents. Unfortunately, these employees are grievously mistaken; unsafe behaviors are a leading cause of accidents. According to one estimate, for every 100,000 unsafe behaviors there are 10,000 near-miss accidents, 1,000 recordable accidents, 100 lost-time accidents, and 1 fatality. SAFETY AUDITS Because employees who "know better" often continue to engage in accident-causing behavior, many employers have redirected their focus from accident prevention to the prevention of unsafe acts that could lead to an accident. To do so, firms conduct safety audits. A safety committee or supervisors who observe employees on the job and correct unsafe behaviors generally conduct such audits. Each employee should be monitored according to a planned schedule, generally on a weekly basis, as follows: STEP 1: OBSERVATION. Stop in the work area for a few moments and observe worker's activities, looking for both safe and unsafe practices. Use the following guide: Be alert to unsafe practices that the employee corrects immediately upon seeing you enter the area (putting on protective equipment, such as gloves or goggles). Note whether appropriate protective clothing is being worn. Observe how employees use tools. Scrutinize the safety of the work area. For instance, is the floor slippery? Determine whether rules, procedures, and operating instructions are being followed. STEP 2: EMPLOYEE DISCUSSION. These discussions should help employees recognize and correct their unsafe acts. When engaging in them, adhere to the following advice: If you spot an unsafe act, be non-confrontational. Point out the violation and ask the worker to state what he or she was doing and what safety-related consequences may arise if such behavior continues. Your goal is to help, not blame. Audits should not result in disciplinary actions unless an individual consistently violates safety rules. As you observe your employees, encourage them to discuss any safety concerns they may have and ask them to offer any ideas for safety improvement. Commend any good performance that you observe. STEP 3: RECORDING AND FOLLOW-UP. Findings should be recorded in writing. Pursue any item discussed during the audit that requires follow-up. Accident investigations determine accident causes so that changes can be made to prevent the future occurrence of similar accidents. "Near misses" should also be investigated so that problems can be corrected before serious accidents occur. Supervisors always play a key role in accident investigations. For minor accidents, investigation may be limited to the supervisor meeting with the injured worker and filing a report. In large-scale investigations, the supervisor is usually part of a team of experts, which may also include an engineer, maintenance supervisor, upper-level manager, and/or safety professional. Accident investigations should be performed in the following manner. When an accident occurs, the investigator's first responsibility is to ensure the safety of all employees by: making sure the injured are cared for and receive medical attention, if necessary; guarding against a more dangerous secondary event by removing danger sources and evacuating other personnel from the area if necessary; and restricting access to the area so no one else will be harmed, and so the scene will not be disturbed. You should then begin an investigation to identify both the immediate and underlying causes of the accident. The immediate cause is the event that directly led to the accident, such as a slippery floor, failure to wear safety gear, or failure to follow proper procedures. Immediate causes, while easily found, are not always very helpful in suggesting how future incidents of this nature can be avoided. To accomplish this aim, the investigator must discover the underlying cause of the accident. For example, suppose a worker slips and falls on spilled oil. The oil on the floor is the immediate cause of the accident, but you need to know why it was not cleaned up and why a machine was leaking oil in the first place. Poor training, lack of rule enforcement, low safety awareness, poor maintenance, or crowded work areas commonly underlie accidents. The investigator should ensure the accident scene is kept intact until the investigation is finished, as this will be the only chance to view the scene exactly as it was at the time of the accident. If a camera is available, photographs of the scene should be taken. Nothing related to the incident should be destroyed or discarded. The investigator should inspect the location (e.g., check for chemicals, broken pieces of machinery) and interview injured or affected workers, eyewitnesses, and anyone else who may be familiar with the accident area. Interviews should be conducted immediately, while the incident is still fresh in everyone's mind. Individuals should give their own account of the incident; by letting them tell their stories wi

Tamilisch

என் வேலை இடத்தில்

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Englisch

(O Muhammad!) If you obey the majority of those who live on earth, they will lead you away from Allah's path. They only follow idle fancies, indulging in conjecture.

Tamilisch

பூமியில் உள்ளவர்களில் பெரும் பாலோரை நீர் பின்பற்றுவீரானால் அவர்கள் உம்மை அல்லாஹ்வின் பாதையை விட்டு வழிகெடுத்து விடுவார்கள். (ஆதாரமற்ற) வெறும் யூகங்களைத்தான் அவர்கள் பின்பற்றுகிறார்கள் - இன்னும் அவர்கள் (பொய்யான) கற்பனையிலேயே மூழ்கிக்கிடக்கிறார்கள்.

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Englisch

We caused their story to become public so that people would know that God's promise was true and that there is no doubt about the coming of the Day of Judgment. They started to argue with each other about the matter (Resurrection) and some of them said, "Let us establish a building at the youths' sleeping place (to hide them). Their Lord knew best their intentions about them. The majority prevailed in their suggestion of the establishment of a mosque in that place.

Tamilisch

இன்னும், நிச்சயமாக அல்லாஹ்வின் வாக்குறுதி உண்மையானது என்றும், நிச்சயமாக கியாம நாளிலும் சந்தேகமில்லை என்றும் அப்பட்டணவாசிகள் அறிந்து கொள்வதற்காகவே, இவ்வாறு அவர்களைப் பற்றிய (விஷயத்)தை வெளியாக்கினோம்; (அப்பட்டணவாசிகளோ) "இவர்கள் யார் என்பதை பற்றி தர்க்கித்துக் கொண்டதை (நபியே! நினைவு கூறும்) "இவர்கள் (இருந்த இடத்தின்) மீது ஒரு கட்டடத்தைக் கட்டுங்கள்; இவர்களை(ப் பற்றி) இறைவனே நன்கறிவான் என்றனர்; இ(வ்விவாதத்)தில் எவர்களுடைய கருத்து மிகைத்ததோ அவர்கள்; "நிச்சயமாக அவர்கள் மீது ஒரு மஸ்ஜிதை அமைப்போம்" என்று கூறினார்கள்.

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