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English

His wealth did not avail him, nor his acquisitions.

Hindi

(आख़िर) न उसका माल ही उसके हाथ आया और (न) उसने कमाया

Last Update: 2014-07-03
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English

His wealth did not avail him, nor his acquisitions.

Hindi

न उसका माल उसके काम आया और न वह कुछ जो उसने कमाया

Last Update: 2014-07-03
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English

And many acquisitions which they will take; and Allah is Mighty, Wise.

Hindi

और (इसके अलावा) बहुत सी ग़नीमतें (भी) जो उन्होने हासिल की (अता फरमाई) और ख़ुदा तो ग़ालिब (और) हिकमत वाला है

Last Update: 2014-07-03
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English

And many acquisitions which they will take; and Allah is Mighty, Wise.

Hindi

और बहुत-सी ग़नीमतें भी, जिन्हें वे प्राप्त करेंगे। अल्लाह प्रभुत्वशाली, तत्वदर्शी है

Last Update: 2014-07-03
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English

Allah promised you many acquisitions which you will take, then He hastened on this one for you and held back the hands of men from you, and that it may be a sign for the believers and that He may guide you on a right path.

Hindi

अल्लाह ने तुमसे बहुत-सी गंनीमतों का वादा किया हैं, जिन्हें तुम प्राप्त करोगे। यह विजय तो उसने तुम्हें तात्कालिक रूप से निश्चित कर दी। और लोगों के हाथ तुमसे रोक दिए (कि वे तुमपर आक्रमण करने का साहस न कर सकें) और ताकि ईमानवालों के लिए एक निशानी हो। और वह सीधे मार्ग की ओर तुम्हारा मार्गदर्शन करे

Last Update: 2014-07-03
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:

English

Allah promised you many acquisitions which you will take, then He hastened on this one for you and held back the hands of men from you, and that it may be a sign for the believers and that He may guide you on a right path.

Hindi

ख़ुदा ने तुमसे बहुत सी ग़नीमतों का वायदा फरमाया था कि तुम उन पर काबिज़ हो गए तो उसने तुम्हें ये (ख़ैबर की ग़नीमत) जल्दी से दिलवा दीं और (हुबैदिया से) लोगों की दराज़ी को तुमसे रोक दिया और ग़रज़ ये थी कि मोमिनीन के लिए (क़ुदरत) का नमूना हो और ख़ुदा तुमको सीधी राह पर ले चले

Last Update: 2014-07-03
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English

What is the key to land acquisition

Hindi

Land ki inglish Mai kya kehte hai

Last Update: 2018-07-30
Usage Frequency: 1
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Reference: Anonymous

English

Marketing Strategy of Colgate-Palmolive Company - December 15th, 2010 Marketing Strategy of Colgate-Palmolive Company : Colgate-Palmolive Company (NYSE: CL) is an American diversified multinational corporation focused on the production, distribution and provision of household, health care and personal products, such as soaps, detergents, and oral hygiene products (including toothpaste and toothbrushes). Under its "Hill's" brand, it is also a manufacturer of veterinary products. The company's corporate offices are on Park Avenue in Midtown Manhattan, New York City.[3] Statistics: Public Company Incorporated: 1806 as The Colgate Company Employees: 36,000 Sales: $10.58 billion (2004) Stock Exchanges: New York Euronext Frankfurt London Zurich Ticker Symbol: CL NAIC: 311111 Dog and Cat Food Manufacturing; 325611 Soap and Other Detergent Manufacturing; 325612 Polish and Other Sanitation Good Manufacturing; 325620 Toilet Preparation Manufacturing; 325998 All Other Miscellaneous Chemical Product and Preparation Manufacturing; 335211 Electric Housewares and Household Fan Manufacturing; 339994 Broom, Brush, and Mop Manufacturing Company Perspectives: Our long history of strong performance comes from absolute focus on our core global businesses, combined with a successful worldwide financial strategy. This financial strategy is designed to increase gross profit margin and reduce costs in order to fund growth initiatives and generate greater profitability. Key Dates: 1806: Company is founded by William Colgate in New York to make starch, soap, and candles. 1857: After founder's death, company becomes known as Colgate & Company. 1873: Toothpaste is first marketed. 1896: Collapsible tubes for toothpaste are introduced. 1898: B.J. Johnson Soap Company (later renamed Palmolive Company) introduces Palmolive soap. 1910: Colgate moves from original location to Jersey City, New Jersey. 1926: Palmolive merges with Peet Brothers, creating Palmolive-Peet Company. 1928: Colgate and Palmolive-Peet merge, forming Colgate-Palmolive-Peet Company. 1947: Fab detergent and Ajax cleanser are introduced. 1953: Company changes its name to Colgate-Palmolive Company. 1956: Corporate headquarters shifts back to New York. 1966: Palmolive dishwashing liquid is introduced. 1967: Sales top $1 billion. 1968: Colgate toothpaste is reformulated with fluoride; Ultra Brite is introduced. 1976: Hill's Pet Products is purchased. 1987: The Softsoap brand of liquid soap is acquired. 1992: The Mennen Company is acquired; Total toothpaste is introduced overseas. 1995: Latin American firm Kolynos Oral Care is acquired; Colgate-Palmolive undergoes major restructuring. 1997: Total toothpaste is launched in the United States; Colgate takes lead in domestic toothpaste market. 2004: Company acquires European oral care firm GABA Holding AG; major restructuring is launched. Company History: Colgate-Palmolive Company's growth from a small candle and soap manufacturer to one of the most powerful consumer products giants in the world is the result of aggressive acquisition of other companies, persistent attempts to overtake its major U.S. competition, and an early emphasis on building a global presence overseas where little competition existed. The company is organized around four core segments--oral care, personal care, home care, and pet nutrition--that market such well-known brands as Colgate toothpaste, Irish Spring soap, Softsoap liquid soap, Mennen deodorant, Palmolive and Ajax dishwashing liquid, Ajax cleanser, Murphy's oil soap, Fab laundry detergent, Soupline and Suavitel fabric softeners, and Hill's Science Diet and Hill's Prescription Diet pet foods. Colgate-Palmolive has operations in more than 200 countries and generates about 70 percent of its revenue outside the United States. Beginnings In 1806, when the company was founded by 23-year-old William Colgate, it concentrated exclusively on selling starch, soap, and candles from its New York City-based factory and shop. Upon entering his second year of business, Colgate became partners with Francis Smith, and the company became Smith and Colgate, a name it kept until 1812 when Colgate purchased Smith's share of the company and offered a partnership to his brother, Bowles Colgate. Now called William Colgate and Company, the firm expanded its manufacturing operations to a Jersey City, New Jersey, factory in 1820; this factory produced Colgate's two major products, Windsor toilet soaps and Pearl starch. Upon its founder's death in 1857, the firm changed its name to Colgate & Company and was run by President Samuel Colgate until his death 40 years later. During his tenure several new products were developed, including perfumes, essences, and perfumed soap. The manufacture of starch was discontinued in 1866 after a fire destroyed the factory. In 1873 Colgate began selling toothpaste in a jar, followed 23 years later by the introduction of Colgate Ribbon Dental Cream, in the now familiar collapsible tube. By 1906 the company was also producing several varieties of laundry soap, toilet paper, and perfumes. Colgate & Company shifted its headquarters to Jersey City in 1910. While the Colgate family managed its manufacturing operations on the East Coast, soap factories were also opened in 1864 by B.J. Johnson in Milwaukee, Wisconsin (under the name B.J. Johnson Soap Company), and in 1872 by the three Peet brothers in Kansas City, Kansas. In 1898 Johnson's company introduced Palmolive soap, which soon became the best-selling soap in the world and led the firm to change its name to the Palmolive Company in 1916. The Peets, who sold laundry soap mainly in the Midwest and western states, merged their company (Peet Brothers) with Palmolive in 1926, forming Palmolive-Peet Company. Two years later that firm joined with Colgate & Company to form Colgate-Palmolive-Peet Company, with headquarters in Jersey City. Palmolive-Peet's management initially assumed control of the combined organization. On October 25, 1929, management signed an agreement to merge the company with Kraft Phenix Cheese Corporation (forerunner of Kraft Foods) and Hershey Chocolate Company. The three companies would continue to operate independently, but they would become subsidiaries of a holding company slated to be called International Quality Products Corporation. Just four days after the deal was signed, however, the stock market crashed, forcing the huge amalgamation to be scuttled. In the wake of the crash, the Colgate family regained control of Colgate-Palmolive-Peet and installed Bayard Colgate as president in 1933. International Expansion Colgate & Company had been a pioneer in establishing international operations, creating a Canadian subsidiary in 1913 and one in France in 1920. In the early 1920s the firm expanded into Australia, the United Kingdom, Germany, and Mexico. Colgate or its successor firm next created subsidiaries in the Philippines, Brazil, Argentina, and South Africa in the late 1920s. In 1937 the company moved into India and by the end of the 1940s had operations in most of South America. By 1939 Colgate-Palmolive-Peet's sales hit $100 million. In the 1940s and 1950s the company also built upon its strategy of growth by acquisition, buying up a number of smaller consumer product companies. Organic growth remained on the agenda as well, and in 1947 the company introduced two of its best-known products, Fab detergent and Ajax cleanser. These acquisitions and new products, however, did little to close the gap between Colgate and its arch-rival, the Procter & Gamble Company, a firm that had been formed in the 1830s and had by now assumed a commanding lead over Colgate in selling detergent products in the United States. Meanwhile, the firm adopted its present name in 1953 and moved its offices for domestic and international operations to New York City in 1956. In 1960 George H. Lesch was appointed Colgate's president in the hopes that his international experience would produce similar success in the domestic market. Under his leadership, the company embarked upon an extensive new product development program that created such brands as Cold Power laundry detergent, Palmolive dishwashing liquid, and Ultra Brite toothpaste. In an attempt to expand beyond these traditional, highly competitive businesses into new growth areas, Colgate also successfully introduced a new food wrap called Baggies in 1963. As a result of these product launches, the company's sales grew between 8 and 9 percent every year throughout the 1960s. Sales topped the $1 billion mark in 1967. Lesch assumed the chairmanship of Colgate, and David Foster became president in 1970 and CEO in 1971. Foster was the son of the founder of Colgate-Palmolive's U.K. operations. He joined the company in 1946 as a management trainee and rose through the sales and marketing ranks both in the United States and overseas. New Strategies for the 1970s During the 1970s, as environmental concerns about phosphate and enzyme detergent products grew, the company faced additional pressure to diversify beyond the detergent business. In response to this pressure, Foster instituted a strategy that emphasized internal development via a specialized new venture group; joint ventures for marketing other companies' products; and outright acquisitions of businesses in which Colgate could gain a marketing advantage over Procter & Gamble. In 1971, for example, the company began selling British Wilkinson Sword Company razors and blades in the United States and other countries. In 1972 Colgate-Palmolive acquired Kendall & Company, a manufacturer of hospital and industrial supplies. It was originally hoped that the Kendall acquisition would bolster the pharmaceutical sales of Colgate's Lakeside Laboratories subsidiary, which had been acquired in 1960. The partnership never materialized, however, and Lakeside was sold in 1974. The Kendall business proved to be one of Foster's most successful acquisitions. Within two years, the subsidiary was producing sales and earnings results well above the company's targeted goals. On the product development side, meanwhile, Irish Spring deodorant soap was introduced in 1972. In 1971 the U.S. Federal Trade Commission enacted restrictions on in-store product promotions, such as couponing. In response to these restrictions, Foster began to employ other tactics designed to enhance Colgate's visibility in the marketplace. Two such programs awarded money to schools and local civic groups whose young people collected the most labels and boxtops from selected Colgate products. Under Foster, Colgate-Palmolive also began to sponsor a number of women's sporting events, including the Colgate-Dinah Shore Winner's Circle, a women's professional golf tournament. Foster chose women's sports in an effort to appeal to Colgate-Palmolive's primarily female customer base. He even went so far as to have Colgate buy the tournament's home course, the Mission Hills Country Club in Palm Springs, California, so that he could supervise the maintenance of the greens. In 1973 Colgate acquired Helena Rubinstein, a major cosmetics manufacturer with strong foreign sales but a weak U.S. presence. Believing that its marketing expertise could solve Rubinstein's problems, Colgate reduced both the number of products in the company's line and the number of employees in its workforce, increased advertising expenditures, and moved the products out of drugstores and into department stores. The following year the company acquired Ram Golf Corporation and Bancroft Racket Company, and in 1976 it bought Charles A. Eaton Company, a golf and tennis shoe manufacturer. Although total U.S. sales of consumer products appeared to be slowing by the end of 1974, particularly in soaps and detergents, Colgate's international sales continued to carry the company forward. It maintained its leadership position abroad through new product development geared specifically to local tastes throughout Europe as well as through its involvement in the growing markets of less-developed countries in Latin America, Africa, and Asia. Setbacks Beginning in the Late 1970s Foster's diversification strategy initially improved earnings, but Colgate's domestic sales, market share, and profit margins were beginning to soften. This was due, in large part, to an economic recession and an advertising cutback the company had made in an attempt to boost earnings. Colgate was consistently losing the marketing battle in personal care products to Procter & Gamble. It had no leading brands and few successful new product introductions because of reduced spending for research and development. In an effort to remedy this problem and broaden its product mix, Colgate moved into food marketing in 1976 with the acquisition of Riviana Foods, a major producer of Texas long-grain rice with its own subsidiaries in pet food (Hill's Pet Products), kosher hot dogs (Hebrew National Kosher Foods), and candy. The Riviana acquisition, however, did not live up to the company's expectations. Along with purchasing a successful rice-milling business, Colgate found that it had also saddled itself with two unprofitable restaurant chains and a low-quality candy company. In 1977 declines in the price of rice seriously eroded Riviana's cash flow. Helena Rubinstein created additional headaches. Whereas other cosmetic manufacturers had moved their products from department store distribution to higher-volume drugstores, Colgate's management elected to keep Rubinstein products in department stores even though stores' demands for marketing support eroded the company's margins so severely that it lost money on every cosmetic item sold. Colgate finally sold the business in 1980 to Albi Enterprises. Foster had become chairman in 1975. In 1979, embattled by a series of marketing failures and the pressures of an acquisition strategy that yielded more losers than winners, Foster suddenly resigned, citing ill health. The company's president and chief operating officer, Keith Crane, was appointed as Foster's successor. A 42-year Colgate employee, Crane quickly instituted a new management structure consisting of several group vice-presidents, reunited all domestic operations under one group, and realigned division managers in an attempt to promote a more cohesive organization. Consumer advertising and product research were given renewed emphasis to support the company's basic detergent and toothpaste lines. Over the next two years, Crane sold a number of Foster's acquisitions that no longer fit with the company's long-term strategic plan, including Hebrew National Kosher Foods, which had been part of the Riviana purchase; Ram Golf; and the Bancroft Racket Company. Crane also put the Mission Hills Country Club up for sale and withdrew Colgate's sponsorship of the sporting events his predecessor had nurtured. Also during the late 1970s and the 1980s, Colgate found itself named as a defendant in two lawsuits. In 1981 the company lost a suit brought by United Roasters, who successfully argued that Colgate had violated the terms of a contract between the two firms for Colgate to market Bambeanos, a soybean snack produced by United Roasters, and was awarded $950,000. The following year the company was sued by the federal government for alleged job discrimination. According to a complaint filed with the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Colgate had failed or refused to hire people between the ages of 40 and 70 since 1978 and had also deprived employees in that age group of opportunities for promotion. By the end of 1982 Crane also experienced problems at Colgate. Several attempts at new product development never made it out of the test-market stage. Increased advertising expenditures for a limited number of major brands produced only temporary gains in market share while slowly killing off other products receiving little or no media support. Even Fresh Start detergent, one of the most successful new products to come out of the Foster era, was having problems retaining market share. Thus while Procter & Gamble's sales and margins were increasing, Colgate's were on the decline. To make matters worse, the strong dollar overseas hurt Colgate's international sales, and changes in Medicare policy weakened Kendall's business. Turnaround Under Reuben Mark, Mid- to Late 1980s In 1983 Crane relinquished the title of president to Reuben Mark, one of the company's three executive vice-presidents and a member of Crane's management advisory team. Mark also assumed the position of chief operating officer at that time; one year later he succeeded Crane as CEO. Mark built upon his predecessor's restructuring efforts in an attempt to increase profits and shareholder value. Between 1984 and 1986 several inefficient plants were closed, hundreds of employees laid off, and noncore businesses sold, including the remnants of the Riviana Foods acquisition, except for the Hill's Pet Products subsidiary. In an attempt to refocus the company's marketing and profitability, Mark developed a set of corporate initiatives intended to address business areas ranging from production-cost reduction to new product development, with a heavy emphasis on motivating employees and involving them in company decision-making. In response to the implementation of these ideas, the company's U.S. toothpaste business enjoyed a boost with first-to-the-market introductions of a gel toothpaste and a pump-type dispenser bearing the Colgate brand name. Similar U.S. market share gains were earned by new and improved versions of its Palmolive and Dynamo detergents and Ajax cleaner. Palmolive automatic dishwashing liquid debuted in 1986. With the company's turnaround firmly underway, business units managed by key executives were formed to develop plans for the company's major product categories. The purpose of each plan was to identify how products under development could be best introduced in domestic and international markets. Two years into this strategic reorganization, coinciding with Mark's appointment as chairman in 1986, Colgate confronted an embarrassing controversy. Since the early 1920s Hawley & Hazel Chemical Company had marketed a product called Darkie Black and White Toothpaste in the Far East. Colgate had acquired a 50 percent interest in this company in 1985. The following year, the Interfaith Center on Corporate Responsibility, a coalition of Protestant and Roman Catholic groups, demanded that Colgate change what it deemed to be the product's racially offensive name and packaging, which depicted a likeness of Al Jolson in blackface. The company acknowledged the criticism and agreed to make the necessary changes. Colgate also continued to seek out growth areas in its personal care product and detergent businesses. In 1987 it acquired a line of liquid soap products (including the Softsoap brand) from Minnetonka Corporation, the first transaction the company had made in the personal care area in several years. Building upon its success in launching an automatic dishwashing detergent in liquid form ahead of its competitors, the company also beat Procter & Gamble to the market with a laundry detergent packaged in a throw-in pouch called Fab 1 Shot, although this product failed to sustain consumer interest or reach sales expectations over the long term. Buoyed by product development breakthroughs and a renewed commitment to consumer products marketing, Colgate sold its Kendall subsidiary and related healthcare businesses in 1988 to Clayton & Dubilier. The sale enabled Colgate to retire some debt, sharpen its focus on its global consumer products businesses, and invest in new product categories. Moreover, Mark's global approach enabled the company to maintain its overall profitability despite not having a leadership position in the United States. Although Colgate lagged behind Procter & Gamble in the toothpaste

Hindi

Marketing Strategy of Colgate-Palmolive Company - December 15th, 2010 Marketing Strategy of Colgate-Palmolive Company : Colgate-Palmolive Company (NYSE: CL) is an American diversified multinational corporation focused on the production, distribution and provision of household, health care and personal products, such as soaps, detergents, and oral hygiene products (including toothpaste and toothbrushes). Under its "Hill's" brand, it is also a manufacturer of veterinary products. The company's corporate offices are on Park Avenue in Midtown Manhattan, New York City.[3] Statistics: Public Company Incorporated: 1806 as The Colgate Company Employees: 36,000 Sales: $10.58 billion (2004) Stock Exchanges: New York Euronext Frankfurt London Zurich Ticker Symbol: CL NAIC: 311111 Dog and Cat Food Manufacturing; 325611 Soap and Other Detergent Manufacturing; 325612 Polish and Other Sanitation Good Manufacturing; 325620 Toilet Preparation Manufacturing; 325998 All Other Miscellaneous Chemical Product and Preparation Manufacturing; 335211 Electric Housewares and Household Fan Manufacturing; 339994 Broom, Brush, and Mop Manufacturing Company Perspectives: Our long history of strong performance comes from absolute focus on our core global businesses, combined with a successful worldwide financial strategy. This financial strategy is designed to increase gross profit margin and reduce costs in order to fund growth initiatives and generate greater profitability. Key Dates: 1806: Company is founded by William Colgate in New York to make starch, soap, and candles. 1857: After founder's death, company becomes known as Colgate & Company. 1873: Toothpaste is first marketed. 1896: Collapsible tubes for toothpaste are introduced. 1898: B.J. Johnson Soap Company (later renamed Palmolive Company) introduces Palmolive soap. 1910: Colgate moves from original location to Jersey City, New Jersey. 1926: Palmolive merges with Peet Brothers, creating Palmolive-Peet Company. 1928: Colgate and Palmolive-Peet merge, forming Colgate-Palmolive-Peet Company. 1947: Fab detergent and Ajax cleanser are introduced. 1953: Company changes its name to Colgate-Palmolive Company. 1956: Corporate headquarters shifts back to New York. 1966: Palmolive dishwashing liquid is introduced. 1967: Sales top $1 billion. 1968: Colgate toothpaste is reformulated with fluoride; Ultra Brite is introduced. 1976: Hill's Pet Products is purchased. 1987: The Softsoap brand of liquid soap is acquired. 1992: The Mennen Company is acquired; Total toothpaste is introduced overseas. 1995: Latin American firm Kolynos Oral Care is acquired; Colgate-Palmolive undergoes major restructuring. 1997: Total toothpaste is launched in the United States; Colgate takes lead in domestic toothpaste market. 2004: Company acquires European oral care firm GABA Holding AG; major restructuring is launched. Company History: Colgate-Palmolive Company's growth from a small candle and soap manufacturer to one of the most powerful consumer products giants in the world is the result of aggressive acquisition of other companies, persistent attempts to overtake its major U.S. competition, and an early emphasis on building a global presence overseas where little competition existed. The company is organized around four core segments--oral care, personal care, home care, and pet nutrition--that market such well-known brands as Colgate toothpaste, Irish Spring soap, Softsoap liquid soap, Mennen deodorant, Palmolive and Ajax dishwashing liquid, Ajax cleanser, Murphy's oil soap, Fab laundry detergent, Soupline and Suavitel fabric softeners, and Hill's Science Diet and Hill's Prescription Diet pet foods. Colgate-Palmolive has operations in more than 200 countries and generates about 70 percent of its revenue outside the United States. Beginnings In 1806, when the company was founded by 23-year-old William Colgate, it concentrated exclusively on selling starch, soap, and candles from its New York City-based factory and shop. Upon entering his second year of business, Colgate became partners with Francis Smith, and the company became Smith and Colgate, a name it kept until 1812 when Colgate purchased Smith's share of the company and offered a partnership to his brother, Bowles Colgate. Now called William Colgate and Company, the firm expanded its manufacturing operations to a Jersey City, New Jersey, factory in 1820; this factory produced Colgate's two major products, Windsor toilet soaps and Pearl starch. Upon its founder's death in 1857, the firm changed its name to Colgate & Company and was run by President Samuel Colgate until his death 40 years later. During his tenure several new products were developed, including perfumes, essences, and perfumed soap. The manufacture of starch was discontinued in 1866 after a fire destroyed the factory. In 1873 Colgate began selling toothpaste in a jar, followed 23 years later by the introduction of Colgate Ribbon Dental Cream, in the now familiar collapsible tube. By 1906 the company was also producing several varieties of laundry soap, toilet paper, and perfumes. Colgate & Company shifted its headquarters to Jersey City in 1910. While the Colgate family managed its manufacturing operations on the East Coast, soap factories were also opened in 1864 by B.J. Johnson in Milwaukee, Wisconsin (under the name B.J. Johnson Soap Company), and in 1872 by the three Peet brothers in Kansas City, Kansas. In 1898 Johnson's company introduced Palmolive soap, which soon became the best-selling soap in the world and led the firm to change its name to the Palmolive Company in 1916. The Peets, who sold laundry soap mainly in the Midwest and western states, merged their company (Peet Brothers) with Palmolive in 1926, forming Palmolive-Peet Company. Two years later that firm joined with Colgate & Company to form Colgate-Palmolive-Peet Company, with headquarters in Jersey City. Palmolive-Peet's management initially assumed control of the combined organization. On October 25, 1929, management signed an agreement to merge the company with Kraft Phenix Cheese Corporation (forerunner of Kraft Foods) and Hershey Chocolate Company. The three companies would continue to operate independently, but they would become subsidiaries of a holding company slated to be called International Quality Products Corporation. Just four days after the deal was signed, however, the stock market crashed, forcing the huge amalgamation to be scuttled. In the wake of the crash, the Colgate family regained control of Colgate-Palmolive-Peet and installed Bayard Colgate as president in 1933. International Expansion Colgate & Company had been a pioneer in establishing international operations, creating a Canadian subsidiary in 1913 and one in France in 1920. In the early 1920s the firm expanded into Australia, the United Kingdom, Germany, and Mexico. Colgate or its successor firm next created subsidiaries in the Philippines, Brazil, Argentina, and South Africa in the late 1920s. In 1937 the company moved into India and by the end of the 1940s had operations in most of South America. By 1939 Colgate-Palmolive-Peet's sales hit $100 million. In the 1940s and 1950s the company also built upon its strategy of growth by acquisition, buying up a number of smaller consumer product companies. Organic growth remained on the agenda as well, and in 1947 the company introduced two of its best-known products, Fab detergent and Ajax cleanser. These acquisitions and new products, however, did little to close the gap between Colgate and its arch-rival, the Procter & Gamble Company, a firm that had been formed in the 1830s and had by now assumed a commanding lead over Colgate in selling detergent products in the United States. Meanwhile, the firm adopted its present name in 1953 and moved its offices for domestic and international operations to New York City in 1956. In 1960 George H. Lesch was appointed Colgate's president in the hopes that his international experience would produce similar success in the domestic market. Under his leadership, the company embarked upon an extensive new product development program that created such brands as Cold Power laundry detergent, Palmolive dishwashing liquid, and Ultra Brite toothpaste. In an attempt to expand beyond these traditional, highly competitive businesses into new growth areas, Colgate also successfully introduced a new food wrap called Baggies in 1963. As a result of these product launches, the company's sales grew between 8 and 9 percent every year throughout the 1960s. Sales topped the $1 billion mark in 1967. Lesch assumed the chairmanship of Colgate, and David Foster became president in 1970 and CEO in 1971. Foster was the son of the founder of Colgate-Palmolive's U.K. operations. He joined the company in 1946 as a management trainee and rose through the sales and marketing ranks both in the United States and overseas. New Strategies for the 1970s During the 1970s, as environmental concerns about phosphate and enzyme detergent products grew, the company faced additional pressure to diversify beyond the detergent business. In response to this pressure, Foster instituted a strategy that emphasized internal development via a specialized new venture group; joint ventures for marketing other companies' products; and outright acquisitions of businesses in which Colgate could gain a marketing advantage over Procter & Gamble. In 1971, for example, the company began selling British Wilkinson Sword Company razors and blades in the United States and other countries. In 1972 Colgate-Palmolive acquired Kendall & Company, a manufacturer of hospital and industrial supplies. It was originally hoped that the Kendall acquisition would bolster the pharmaceutical sales of Colgate's Lakeside Laboratories subsidiary, which had been acquired in 1960. The partnership never materialized, however, and Lakeside was sold in 1974. The Kendall business proved to be one of Foster's most successful acquisitions. Within two years, the subsidiary was producing sales and earnings results well above the company's targeted goals. On the product development side, meanwhile, Irish Spring deodorant soap was introduced in 1972. In 1971 the U.S. Federal Trade Commission enacted restrictions on in-store product promotions, such as couponing. In response to these restrictions, Foster began to employ other tactics designed to enhance Colgate's visibility in the marketplace. Two such programs awarded money to schools and local civic groups whose young people collected the most labels and boxtops from selected Colgate products. Under Foster, Colgate-Palmolive also began to sponsor a number of women's sporting events, including the Colgate-Dinah Shore Winner's Circle, a women's professional golf tournament. Foster chose women's sports in an effort to appeal to Colgate-Palmolive's primarily female customer base. He even went so far as to have Colgate buy the tournament's home course, the Mission Hills Country Club in Palm Springs, California, so that he could supervise the maintenance of the greens. In 1973 Colgate acquired Helena Rubinstein, a major cosmetics manufacturer with strong foreign sales but a weak U.S. presence. Believing that its marketing expertise could solve Rubinstein's problems, Colgate reduced both the number of products in the company's line and the number of employees in its workforce, increased advertising expenditures, and moved the products out of drugstores and into department stores. The following year the company acquired Ram Golf Corporation and Bancroft Racket Company, and in 1976 it bought Charles A. Eaton Company, a golf and tennis shoe manufacturer. Although total U.S. sales of consumer products appeared to be slowing by the end of 1974, particularly in soaps and detergents, Colgate's international sales continued to carry the company forward. It maintained its leadership position abroad through new product development geared specifically to local tastes throughout Europe as well as through its involvement in the growing markets of less-developed countries in Latin America, Africa, and Asia. Setbacks Beginning in the Late 1970s Foster's diversification strategy initially improved earnings, but Colgate's domestic sales, market share, and profit margins were beginning to soften. This was due, in large part, to an economic recession and an advertising cutback the company had made in an attempt to boost earnings. Colgate was consistently losing the marketing battle in personal care products to Procter & Gamble. It had no leading brands and few successful new product introductions because of reduced spending for research and development. In an effort to remedy this problem and broaden its product mix, Colgate moved into food marketing in 1976 with the acquisition of Riviana Foods, a major producer of Texas long-grain rice with its own subsidiaries in pet food (Hill's Pet Products), kosher hot dogs (Hebrew National Kosher Foods), and candy. The Riviana acquisition, however, did not live up to the company's expectations. Along with purchasing a successful rice-milling business, Colgate found that it had also saddled itself with two unprofitable restaurant chains and a low-quality candy company. In 1977 declines in the price of rice seriously eroded Riviana's cash flow. Helena Rubinstein created additional headaches. Whereas other cosmetic manufacturers had moved their products from department store distribution to higher-volume drugstores, Colgate's management elected to keep Rubinstein products in department stores even though stores' demands for marketing support eroded the company's margins so severely that it lost money on every cosmetic item sold. Colgate finally sold the business in 1980 to Albi Enterprises. Foster had become chairman in 1975. In 1979, embattled by a series of marketing failures and the pressures of an acquisition strategy that yielded more losers than winners, Foster suddenly resigned, citing ill health. The company's president and chief operating officer, Keith Crane, was appointed as Foster's successor. A 42-year Colgate employee, Crane quickly instituted a new management structure consisting of several group vice-presidents, reunited all domestic operations under one group, and realigned division managers in an attempt to promote a more cohesive organization. Consumer advertising and product research were given renewed emphasis to support the company's basic detergent and toothpaste lines. Over the next two years, Crane sold a number of Foster's acquisitions that no longer fit with the company's long-term strategic plan, including Hebrew National Kosher Foods, which had been part of the Riviana purchase; Ram Golf; and the Bancroft Racket Company. Crane also put the Mission Hills Country Club up for sale and withdrew Colgate's sponsorship of the sporting events his predecessor had nurtured. Also during the late 1970s and the 1980s, Colgate found itself named as a defendant in two lawsuits. In 1981 the company lost a suit brought by United Roasters, who successfully argued that Colgate had violated the terms of a contract between the two firms for Colgate to market Bambeanos, a soybean snack produced by United Roasters, and was awarded $950,000. The following year the company was sued by the federal government for alleged job discrimination. According to a complaint filed with the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Colgate had failed or refused to hire people between the ages of 40 and 70 since 1978 and had also deprived employees in that age group of opportunities for promotion. By the end of 1982 Crane also experienced problems at Colgate. Several attempts at new product development never made it out of the test-market stage. Increased advertising expenditures for a limited number of major brands produced only temporary gains in market share while slowly killing off other products receiving little or no media support. Even Fresh Start detergent, one of the most successful new products to come out of the Foster era, was having problems retaining market share. Thus while Procter & Gamble's sales and margins were increasing, Colgate's were on the decline. To make matters worse, the strong dollar overseas hurt Colgate's international sales, and changes in Medicare policy weakened Kendall's business. Turnaround Under Reuben Mark, Mid- to Late 1980s In 1983 Crane relinquished the title of president to Reuben Mark, one of the company's three executive vice-presidents and a member of Crane's management advisory team. Mark also assumed the position of chief operating officer at that time; one year later he succeeded Crane as CEO. Mark built upon his predecessor's restructuring efforts in an attempt to increase profits and shareholder value. Between 1984 and 1986 several inefficient plants were closed, hundreds of employees laid off, and noncore businesses sold, including the remnants of the Riviana Foods acquisition, except for the Hill's Pet Products subsidiary. In an attempt to refocus the company's marketing and profitability, Mark developed a set of corporate initiatives intended to address business areas ranging from production-cost reduction to new product development, with a heavy emphasis on motivating employees and involving them in company decision-making. In response to the implementation of these ideas, the company's U.S. toothpaste business enjoyed a boost with first-to-the-market introductions of a gel toothpaste and a pump-type dispenser bearing the Colgate brand name. Similar U.S. market share gains were earned by new and improved versions of its Palmolive and Dynamo detergents and Ajax cleaner. Palmolive automatic dishwashing liquid debuted in 1986. With the company's turnaround firmly underway, business units managed by key executives were formed to develop plans for the company's major product categories. The purpose of each plan was to identify how products under development could be best introduced in domestic and international markets. Two years into this strategic reorganization, coinciding with Mark's appointment as chairman in 1986, Colgate confronted an embarrassing controversy. Since the early 1920s Hawley & Hazel Chemical Company had marketed a product called Darkie Black and White Toothpaste in the Far East. Colgate had acquired a 50 percent interest in this company in 1985. The following year, the Interfaith Center on Corporate Responsibility, a coalition of Protestant and Roman Catholic groups, demanded that Colgate change what it deemed to be the product's racially offensive name and packaging, which depicted a likeness of Al Jolson in blackface. The company acknowledged the criticism and agreed to make the necessary changes. Colgate also continued to seek out growth areas in its personal care product and detergent businesses. In 1987 it acquired a line of liquid soap products (including the Softsoap brand) from Minnetonka Corporation, the first transaction the company had made in the personal care area in several years. Building upon its success in launching an automatic dishwashing detergent in liquid form ahead of its competitors, the company also beat Procter & Gamble to the market with a laundry detergent packaged in a throw-in pouch called Fab 1 Shot, although this product failed to sustain consumer interest or reach sales expectations over the long term. Buoyed by product development breakthroughs and a renewed commitment to consumer products marketing, Colgate sold its Kendall subsidiary and related healthcare businesses in 1988 to Clayton & Dubilier. The sale enabled Colgate to retire some debt, sharpen its focus on its global consumer products businesses, and invest in new product categories. Moreover, Mark's global approach enabled the company to maintain its overall profitability despite not having a leadership position in the United States. Although Colgate lagged behind Procter & Gamble in the toothpaste

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Goकंपनी इतिहास - कोलगेट पाल्मोलिव (इंडिया) 1902 -Stylish Palmolive advertising begins, emphasizing ingredient purity and product benefits. 1906 -Colgate & Company celebrates its 100th anniversary. Product line includes over 800 different products. 1908 -Colgate is incorporated by the five sons of Samuel Colgate. -Ribbon opening added to Colgate tube: �We couldn't improve the product so we improved the tube.� 1911 -Colgate distributes two million tubes of toothpaste and toothbrushes to schools, and provides hygienists to demonstrate tooth brushing. 1912 -William Mennen introduces the first American shaving cream tube. 1914 -Colgate establishes its first international subsidiary in Canada. 1920s -Colgate begins establishing operations in Europe, Asia, Latin America and Africa. 1926 -Soap manufacturers Palmolive and Peet merge to become Palmolive-Peet Company. 1928 -Colgate merges with Palmolive-Peet to become Colgate-Palmolive-Peet Company. 1930 -On March 13, Colgate is first listed on the New York Stock Exchange. 1937 - The Company was incorporated on 23rd September, as a private limited company. The Company Manufacture and market dental care products (dental cream and tooth powder), hair care products (hair oils, shampoos, brilliantine) and other personal care products such as shaving creams, and lotions, face creams, baby powder, talcum powder, etc. The products are marketed under the trade marks Colgate. Palmolive, Halo and Charmis. - A distribution set up was also developed on an all-India basis with warehouse facilities in Mumbai, Chennai and Calcutta. - Colgate-Palmolive Company, U.S.A. supplemented this reinvestment by providing, technical assistance, new product information and its worldwide developments in quality dental care and other personal care products. The Company has its own research and development facilities. 1939 Dr. Mark L. Morris develops a pet food to help save a guide dog named Buddy from kidney disease. This breakthrough leads to the first Hill's Prescription Diet product. 1947 -Ajax cleanser is launched, establishing a powerful now-global brand equity for cleaning -products. 1953 -Colgate-Palmolive Company becomes company's official name. 1956 -Colgate opens corporate headquarters at 300 Park Avenue in New York City. 1962 -Colgate opens research center in Piscataway, NJ. -Fabric conditioner is launched in France as Soupline. Today, fabric conditioners are sold in over 54 countries around the world. 1966 -Palmolive dishwashing liquid is introduced and today it is sold in over 35 countries. 1968 -Colgate toothpaste adds MFP Fluoride, clinically proven to reduce cavities. 1970 -Irish Spring launches in Germany as Irische Fr�hling and in Europe as Nordic Spring. In 1972, Irish Spring is introduced in North America. 1972 -Colgate acquires Hoyt Laboratories, which later becomes Colgate Oral Pharmaceuticals. 1975 -Caprice hair care launches in Mexico. Today, hair care products are sold in over 70 countries, with variants to suit every type of hair need. 1976 -Colgate-Palmolive acquires Hill's Pet Nutrition. Today Hill's is the global leader in pet nutrition and veterinary recommendations. 1978 - The object of the offer for sale of shares made to the Indian public during November was to reduce the non-resident holding to 40%. This offer for sale was made by Colgate-Palmolive Company, U.S.A., to the resident-Indians public to comply with FERA, 1973. As a result, 11,79,000 No. of equity shares of Rs 10 each were offered at a premium of Rs 15 per share. 1982 - 19,65,000 Bonus equity shares issued in prop. 1:1. 1983 -Colgate Plus toothbrush is introduced. Today over 1.6 billion Colgate toothbrushes are sold annually worldwide. If you lined them up end to end, they would circle the globe 16 times. 1985 - 39,30,000 bonus shares issued in prop. 1:1. -Protex bar soap is introduced, and today offers all-family antibacterial protection in over 56 countries. -Colgate-Palmolive enters into a joint venture with Hong Kong-based Hawley & Hazel, a leading oral care company, which adds strength in key Asian markets. 1986 -The Chairman's You Can Make A Difference Program is launched, recognizing innovation and executional excellence by Colgate people. 1987 -Colgate acquires Softsoap liquid soap business from the Minnetonka Corporation. Today, Colgate is the global leader in liquid hand soap. - 78,60,000 bonus shares issued in prop. 1:1. 1988 - The Company received a licence for producing 24,000 tonnes per annum of fatty acids. It also registered with DGTD for production of 30,000 tonnes of toilet soap per annum. - Shares sudivided on 29.9.1978. 19,50,000 bonus shares were then issued in prop. 130:1. - Orders were placed for setting up a fatty acid plant with an annual capacity of 20,000 tonnes and a toilet soap plant with an annual finishing capacity of 15,000 tonnes. 1989 -Annual Company sales surpass the billion mark. - 1,57,20,000 bonus shares issued in prop. 1:1. 1991 - The Company launched new Colgate Gel Toothpaste, Palmolive Extra Care and new Palmolive soap and relaunched a high quality colgate Plus and other toothbrushes. - 1,88,64,000 bonus shares issued in prop. 3:5. 1993 - The Company participated in the global launch of Colgate Total Toothpaste and Asia/Pacific regional launch of Protex Soap. - The Company proposed to negotiate with appropriate global partners for the necessary technology needed to implement vertically integrated projects and diversification into high technology areas to effect import substitutions for a range of materials. - During September, 112,92,735 No. of equity shares of Rs 10 each were allotted at a premium of Rs 50 per share to Colgate Palmolive Company, U.S.A. with a view to raise its shareholding to 51% of the subscribed capital. 615,96,735 bonus shares issued in prop. 1:1. 1994 - The Company acquired the oral hygiene business of Hindustan Ciba-Geigy Ltd. - The Company offered 123,19,347 No. of equity shares of Rs 10 each at a premium of Rs 10 per share on Rights basis in the proportion 1:10 (all were taken up). 2,40,000 shares of Rs 10 each were issued to the employees at a premium of Rs 10 per share on an equitable basis (Details of allotment non-known). - Also, 2,49,795 No. of equity shares of Rs 10 each at a premium of Rs 1 per share were issued to Colgate Palmolive Co., U.S.A., on preferential allotment basis to maintain their shareholding at 51%. 1996 - The Company launched colgate fresh stripe tooth paste and palmolive naturals soap in personal care products segments, Keratin Treatment Shampoo and Palmolive optima in Hair care segment during the year. Axion dishwashing paste was test launched in Maharashtra. - The Company established a modern facility at Aurangabad to manufacture Dicalcium phosphate, a key ingredient for toothpaste. - Passion Trading & Investment Co., Ltd., Jigs Investments Ltd., Multimint Leasing & Finance Ltd. and Camelot Investments Company Ltd. are subsidiaries of the Company. - The Company established a wholly-owned subsidiary at Hetanda in Nepal in June 1988. The facility will manufacture tooth paste and tooth powder initially. 1998 - The Company received a licence for producing 24,000 tonnes per annum of fatty acids. - The company paid a dividend of Rs.4.50 per share in 3 instalments first interim Rs.1.60 second interim Rs.1.60 and final of Rs.1.30 per share. - Colgate is the market leader in oral care with its toothpaste commanding a market share of over 60 per cent, followed by Hindustan Lever with around 35 per cent. - The Monopolies and Restrictive Trade Practices Commission (MRTPC) has, in an interim order, directed Colgate to withdraw its long-standing Suraksha Chakra advertisement within two weeks. - HLL has taken Colgate to the MRTPC over claims made by its recently launched toothpaste - Colgate Dental Cream Double Protection (CDC-DP) - a variant of the popular Colgate Dental Cream (CDC). - Colgate-Palmolive is one of the few multinational stocks which have failed to outperform the market in the recent past. - In its recent launch the company has launched Colgate Double Protection tooth paste for the entire family. - Colgate-Palmolive has finally signed up with the depository even as Sebi has sent out a note of warning to the remaining six companies. - Colgate-Palmolive (India) Ltd, a market leader in the toothpaste segment, suffered heavy setback during the first half of the current year due to stiff competition. - The company has established the Dicalcium Phosphate (DP) manufacturing facility at Aurangabad. - Colgate-Palmolive had launched the ad campaign for its new product Colgate Double Protection toothpaste in competition with rival brand Pepsodent from the Hindustan Lever stable. 1999 - The corporate has launched the `Colgate Double Protection', `Colgate Total' and `Colgate Sensation'. - The company started a new research and development centre, a manufacturing facility in Nepal, and completed a dicalcium phosphate facility in Aurangabad. - A three-judge bench of the Supreme Court allowed the appeal of Colgate Palmolive (India) Ltd with regard to the use of `Suraksha Chakra' in the advertisements of the company's toothpaste. - The re-launch of Pepsodent in July, and launch of Rs 3.50 a sachet of Pepsodent with a convenient nozzle has helped Colgate-Palmolive to increase its market share. 2000 - The Company has introduced two new variants to its Palmolive Naturals sopa range and has revitalised its sandalwood soap. - The Company has launch of two new variants in its Palmolive Naturals range of beauty soap lime and milk cream. - The Company has relaunched Colgate Gel as `Colgate Fresh Energy Gel.' - Colgate-Palmolive (Nepal) Pvt. Ltd., a wholly owned subsidiary of Colgate-Palmolive (India) Ltd, has informed the stock exchange that a small group forcibly entered the plant of Colgate-Palmolive (Nepal) at Hetauda industrial estate and denoted two explosive devices. - The Company has launch of its International Palmolive Shave Gel and Palmolive Shave Foam in response to growing consumer interest in skin conditioning benefits. - Colgate has relaunched its Cibaca toothpaste as All New Cibaca Top. - The Company has entered into a strategic tie-up with Calcutta-based First-net Solutions Ltd, under which both partners will go for joint sales promotion of Colgate Fresh Energy Gel toothpaste on the Web portal, Yantram.com. - Oral care major Colgate-Palmolive (India) Ltd. has made a foray into a new category of herbal care with the launch of Colgate Herbal touted to be a vehicle for increasing the company's rural market penetration over a period of time. - Colgate-Palmolive has relaunched its moisturising cold cream Palmolive, Charmis in a new pack. - Colgate-Palmolive (India) has launched its new Zig Zag toothbrush. - Colgate India has launched Colgate Navigator toothbrush in India. - The Company has launched the double-action Palmolive shaving cream -- 2-in-1. - The Company has launched the Naturals Line of toilet soaps in transparent bars that come in see-through packaging. 2001 - Colgate-Palmolive (India) Ltd. has launched its biggest national-level consumer promotion involving its toothpaste, toothbrush and soaps. - Colgate-Palmolive (India) Ltd. has launched international cleaning product -- Ajax in the Indian household products category for summer. - Colgate Palmolive (India) Ltd on July 18, announced a special one-time dividend of Rs 4.75 per share. The company said this would entail a total outgo of Rs 123.63 crore including the Rs 11.44 crore tax on dividend. 2002 -Graeme Dalziel, appointed as MD Of Colgate Palmolive India for a period of 5 years -Colgate has hiked its market share from 45.9% to 50.2% in the toothpowder segment with the new strategies of consumer centric promotional initiatives, impactful visibility and an add campaign featuring sunil shetty. -Percept D'Mark has signed a deal with Colgate Palmolive, to offer miniature of cricket stars in the dental pack. -Colgate Palmolive has succeeded in the appeal challenging the MRTP Commission order. -Colgate-Palmolive launched its first miniature collectibles of India's Top Cricketer's 'collect your cricketer' promotion. 2003 -Colagate-Palmolive has divested its stake in its subsidiary Camelot Investment Company. -Colgate has decided to concentrate on its non-oral care division, by launching an international range of Palmolive Aeromatherapy persoanl care products. -Introduced 'Colgate Simply White', at-home teeth whitening gel which is priced at Rs.600 for 10ml. -Colgate has relaunched colgate dental cream with what the company calls a fresher taste and improved germ-fighting performance. -The Company commences shipment of the New Superior Colgate Dental Cream -The Herbal range was expanded with the launch of a Herbal White toothpaste for whitening combined with the benefits of Herbal ingredients -Navigator Plus was launched with its unique characteristics as a premium toothbrush -An all new range of Aromatherapy products - Shower Gel, Liquid Hand Wash and Bar Soap in 2 variants each were launched under the Palmolive brand as a major thrust in the Personal Products portfolio - Colgate Palmolive Nepal Ltd a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company has temporarily suspended its operations in view of deterioration in general security situation in Hetauda (Nepal) -Colgate unveils `Simply White' its at-home teeth whitening gel. -Relaunched Colgate Dental Cream with a fresher taste and improved germ-fighting performance. -Mr Peter Dam resigned as Director and Chairman of the Board effective close of business hours on December 31, 2003 consequent upon his transfer to Brazil. -Mr Fabian T Garcia has been appointed as a non-retiring Director and Chairman of the Board effective January 01, 2004 in place of Mr Peter Dam. 2004 -Vikram Kaushik resigns from the Board of Colgate Palmolive India -Colgate-Palmolive launches shower gel variant - Unveils Palmolive Aroma Sensual Shower Gel, enriched with a blend of Orchid extract and pure essential oils of jasmine and rose, the gel is priced at Rs 90 for a 250 ml pack. -Ties up with IDA to creat promote oral health campaign -Colgate acquires the GABA oral care business in Europe, with its strength in the important European pharmacy channel and its ties with the dental community. 2005 -Colgate-Palmolive unveils Colgate Active Salt toothpaste -Colgate emerges top brand -Colgate parent to transfer 20-pc stake to Singapore arm 2006 -Colgate enters the fast-growing Naturals segment by purchasing Tom�s of Maine, a leader in that market in the United States. -Colgate-Palmolive conducts free dental check-ups -Colgate Palmolive rolls out Colgate Max Fresh Gel -Colgate to acquire 84 pc shares of Tom's of Maine 2007 - Colgate-Palmolive India, the market leader in toothpaste in India, declared the acquisition of three domestic companies in south India recently 2009 - Colgate Palmolive India Ltd has appointed Mr. Mukul Deoras as Managing Director of the Company. 2010 - Colgate Palmolive (India) Ltd has appointed Mr. Paul Alton as the Whole-time Director of the Company effective September 01, 2010, subject to the approvals of the Central Government and Shareholders of the Company. Mr. Alton will head the Finance function and be the Chief Financial Officer of the Company. 2011 - Mr. Niket S. Ghate has been appointed as Vice-President - Legal, Company Secretary & Compliance Officer of the company. 2012 -Colgate retains top spot as most trusted brand. - Dr. (Mrs.) lndu Shahani is been apponted as an Additional Director (Non-Executive Director) of the Company. 2013 -Colgate recognized as Most Social Company- Blueocean Market Intelligence for Economic Times Newspaper. -In the Brand Footprint Report - Colgate topped the charts for brands that consumers reach out the most. 2014 - The Ethical Brand in FMCG Sector was awarded to Colgate - World CSR Congress. -Colgate awarded the Best Supplier of the Year 2013 - Tesco India at their Supplier Conference. -Colgate ranked the No.1 Most Chosen Consumer Brand - In Kantar Worldpanel Brand Footprint Report. -Commencement of Commercial Production of toothpaste. 2015 -Colgate-Palmolive (India) Limited, has launched Colgate Sensitive Pro-ReliefTM (CSPR) Enamel Repair -Colgate-Palmolive (India) Limited recently launched a new television commercial for its popular youth toothpaste brand - Colgate MaxFresh -The Company has allotted the Bonus Shares to its shareholders in the Ratio of 1:1. ogle Translator

Hindi

google traslaterकंपनी इतिहास - कोलगेट पाल्मोलिव (इंडिया) 1902 -Stylish Palmolive advertising begins, emphasizing ingredient purity and product benefits. 1906 -Colgate & Company celebrates its 100th anniversary. Product line includes over 800 different products. 1908 -Colgate is incorporated by the five sons of Samuel Colgate. -Ribbon opening added to Colgate tube: �We couldn't improve the product so we improved the tube.� 1911 -Colgate distributes two million tubes of toothpaste and toothbrushes to schools, and provides hygienists to demonstrate tooth brushing. 1912 -William Mennen introduces the first American shaving cream tube. 1914 -Colgate establishes its first international subsidiary in Canada. 1920s -Colgate begins establishing operations in Europe, Asia, Latin America and Africa. 1926 -Soap manufacturers Palmolive and Peet merge to become Palmolive-Peet Company. 1928 -Colgate merges with Palmolive-Peet to become Colgate-Palmolive-Peet Company. 1930 -On March 13, Colgate is first listed on the New York Stock Exchange. 1937 - The Company was incorporated on 23rd September, as a private limited company. The Company Manufacture and market dental care products (dental cream and tooth powder), hair care products (hair oils, shampoos, brilliantine) and other personal care products such as shaving creams, and lotions, face creams, baby powder, talcum powder, etc. The products are marketed under the trade marks Colgate. Palmolive, Halo and Charmis. - A distribution set up was also developed on an all-India basis with warehouse facilities in Mumbai, Chennai and Calcutta. - Colgate-Palmolive Company, U.S.A. supplemented this reinvestment by providing, technical assistance, new product information and its worldwide developments in quality dental care and other personal care products. The Company has its own research and development facilities. 1939 Dr. Mark L. Morris develops a pet food to help save a guide dog named Buddy from kidney disease. This breakthrough leads to the first Hill's Prescription Diet product. 1947 -Ajax cleanser is launched, establishing a powerful now-global brand equity for cleaning -products. 1953 -Colgate-Palmolive Company becomes company's official name. 1956 -Colgate opens corporate headquarters at 300 Park Avenue in New York City. 1962 -Colgate opens research center in Piscataway, NJ. -Fabric conditioner is launched in France as Soupline. Today, fabric conditioners are sold in over 54 countries around the world. 1966 -Palmolive dishwashing liquid is introduced and today it is sold in over 35 countries. 1968 -Colgate toothpaste adds MFP Fluoride, clinically proven to reduce cavities. 1970 -Irish Spring launches in Germany as Irische Fr�hling and in Europe as Nordic Spring. In 1972, Irish Spring is introduced in North America. 1972 -Colgate acquires Hoyt Laboratories, which later becomes Colgate Oral Pharmaceuticals. 1975 -Caprice hair care launches in Mexico. Today, hair care products are sold in over 70 countries, with variants to suit every type of hair need. 1976 -Colgate-Palmolive acquires Hill's Pet Nutrition. Today Hill's is the global leader in pet nutrition and veterinary recommendations. 1978 - The object of the offer for sale of shares made to the Indian public during November was to reduce the non-resident holding to 40%. This offer for sale was made by Colgate-Palmolive Company, U.S.A., to the resident-Indians public to comply with FERA, 1973. As a result, 11,79,000 No. of equity shares of Rs 10 each were offered at a premium of Rs 15 per share. 1982 - 19,65,000 Bonus equity shares issued in prop. 1:1. 1983 -Colgate Plus toothbrush is introduced. Today over 1.6 billion Colgate toothbrushes are sold annually worldwide. If you lined them up end to end, they would circle the globe 16 times. 1985 - 39,30,000 bonus shares issued in prop. 1:1. -Protex bar soap is introduced, and today offers all-family antibacterial protection in over 56 countries. -Colgate-Palmolive enters into a joint venture with Hong Kong-based Hawley & Hazel, a leading oral care company, which adds strength in key Asian markets. 1986 -The Chairman's You Can Make A Difference Program is launched, recognizing innovation and executional excellence by Colgate people. 1987 -Colgate acquires Softsoap liquid soap business from the Minnetonka Corporation. Today, Colgate is the global leader in liquid hand soap. - 78,60,000 bonus shares issued in prop. 1:1. 1988 - The Company received a licence for producing 24,000 tonnes per annum of fatty acids. It also registered with DGTD for production of 30,000 tonnes of toilet soap per annum. - Shares sudivided on 29.9.1978. 19,50,000 bonus shares were then issued in prop. 130:1. - Orders were placed for setting up a fatty acid plant with an annual capacity of 20,000 tonnes and a toilet soap plant with an annual finishing capacity of 15,000 tonnes. 1989 -Annual Company sales surpass the billion mark. - 1,57,20,000 bonus shares issued in prop. 1:1. 1991 - The Company launched new Colgate Gel Toothpaste, Palmolive Extra Care and new Palmolive soap and relaunched a high quality colgate Plus and other toothbrushes. - 1,88,64,000 bonus shares issued in prop. 3:5. 1993 - The Company participated in the global launch of Colgate Total Toothpaste and Asia/Pacific regional launch of Protex Soap. - The Company proposed to negotiate with appropriate global partners for the necessary technology needed to implement vertically integrated projects and diversification into high technology areas to effect import substitutions for a range of materials. - During September, 112,92,735 No. of equity shares of Rs 10 each were allotted at a premium of Rs 50 per share to Colgate Palmolive Company, U.S.A. with a view to raise its shareholding to 51% of the subscribed capital. 615,96,735 bonus shares issued in prop. 1:1. 1994 - The Company acquired the oral hygiene business of Hindustan Ciba-Geigy Ltd. - The Company offered 123,19,347 No. of equity shares of Rs 10 each at a premium of Rs 10 per share on Rights basis in the proportion 1:10 (all were taken up). 2,40,000 shares of Rs 10 each were issued to the employees at a premium of Rs 10 per share on an equitable basis (Details of allotment non-known). - Also, 2,49,795 No. of equity shares of Rs 10 each at a premium of Rs 1 per share were issued to Colgate Palmolive Co., U.S.A., on preferential allotment basis to maintain their shareholding at 51%. 1996 - The Company launched colgate fresh stripe tooth paste and palmolive naturals soap in personal care products segments, Keratin Treatment Shampoo and Palmolive optima in Hair care segment during the year. Axion dishwashing paste was test launched in Maharashtra. - The Company established a modern facility at Aurangabad to manufacture Dicalcium phosphate, a key ingredient for toothpaste. - Passion Trading & Investment Co., Ltd., Jigs Investments Ltd., Multimint Leasing & Finance Ltd. and Camelot Investments Company Ltd. are subsidiaries of the Company. - The Company established a wholly-owned subsidiary at Hetanda in Nepal in June 1988. The facility will manufacture tooth paste and tooth powder initially. 1998 - The Company received a licence for producing 24,000 tonnes per annum of fatty acids. - The company paid a dividend of Rs.4.50 per share in 3 instalments first interim Rs.1.60 second interim Rs.1.60 and final of Rs.1.30 per share. - Colgate is the market leader in oral care with its toothpaste commanding a market share of over 60 per cent, followed by Hindustan Lever with around 35 per cent. - The Monopolies and Restrictive Trade Practices Commission (MRTPC) has, in an interim order, directed Colgate to withdraw its long-standing Suraksha Chakra advertisement within two weeks. - HLL has taken Colgate to the MRTPC over claims made by its recently launched toothpaste - Colgate Dental Cream Double Protection (CDC-DP) - a variant of the popular Colgate Dental Cream (CDC). - Colgate-Palmolive is one of the few multinational stocks which have failed to outperform the market in the recent past. - In its recent launch the company has launched Colgate Double Protection tooth paste for the entire family. - Colgate-Palmolive has finally signed up with the depository even as Sebi has sent out a note of warning to the remaining six companies. - Colgate-Palmolive (India) Ltd, a market leader in the toothpaste segment, suffered heavy setback during the first half of the current year due to stiff competition. - The company has established the Dicalcium Phosphate (DP) manufacturing facility at Aurangabad. - Colgate-Palmolive had launched the ad campaign for its new product Colgate Double Protection toothpaste in competition with rival brand Pepsodent from the Hindustan Lever stable. 1999 - The corporate has launched the `Colgate Double Protection', `Colgate Total' and `Colgate Sensation'. - The company started a new research and development centre, a manufacturing facility in Nepal, and completed a dicalcium phosphate facility in Aurangabad. - A three-judge bench of the Supreme Court allowed the appeal of Colgate Palmolive (India) Ltd with regard to the use of `Suraksha Chakra' in the advertisements of the company's toothpaste. - The re-launch of Pepsodent in July, and launch of Rs 3.50 a sachet of Pepsodent with a convenient nozzle has helped Colgate-Palmolive to increase its market share. 2000 - The Company has introduced two new variants to its Palmolive Naturals sopa range and has revitalised its sandalwood soap. - The Company has launch of two new variants in its Palmolive Naturals range of beauty soap lime and milk cream. - The Company has relaunched Colgate Gel as `Colgate Fresh Energy Gel.' - Colgate-Palmolive (Nepal) Pvt. Ltd., a wholly owned subsidiary of Colgate-Palmolive (India) Ltd, has informed the stock exchange that a small group forcibly entered the plant of Colgate-Palmolive (Nepal) at Hetauda industrial estate and denoted two explosive devices. - The Company has launch of its International Palmolive Shave Gel and Palmolive Shave Foam in response to growing consumer interest in skin conditioning benefits. - Colgate has relaunched its Cibaca toothpaste as All New Cibaca Top. - The Company has entered into a strategic tie-up with Calcutta-based First-net Solutions Ltd, under which both partners will go for joint sales promotion of Colgate Fresh Energy Gel toothpaste on the Web portal, Yantram.com. - Oral care major Colgate-Palmolive (India) Ltd. has made a foray into a new category of herbal care with the launch of Colgate Herbal touted to be a vehicle for increasing the company's rural market penetration over a period of time. - Colgate-Palmolive has relaunched its moisturising cold cream Palmolive, Charmis in a new pack. - Colgate-Palmolive (India) has launched its new Zig Zag toothbrush. - Colgate India has launched Colgate Navigator toothbrush in India. - The Company has launched the double-action Palmolive shaving cream -- 2-in-1. - The Company has launched the Naturals Line of toilet soaps in transparent bars that come in see-through packaging. 2001 - Colgate-Palmolive (India) Ltd. has launched its biggest national-level consumer promotion involving its toothpaste, toothbrush and soaps. - Colgate-Palmolive (India) Ltd. has launched international cleaning product -- Ajax in the Indian household products category for summer. - Colgate Palmolive (India) Ltd on July 18, announced a special one-time dividend of Rs 4.75 per share. The company said this would entail a total outgo of Rs 123.63 crore including the Rs 11.44 crore tax on dividend. 2002 -Graeme Dalziel, appointed as MD Of Colgate Palmolive India for a period of 5 years -Colgate has hiked its market share from 45.9% to 50.2% in the toothpowder segment with the new strategies of consumer centric promotional initiatives, impactful visibility and an add campaign featuring sunil shetty. -Percept D'Mark has signed a deal with Colgate Palmolive, to offer miniature of cricket stars in the dental pack. -Colgate Palmolive has succeeded in the appeal challenging the MRTP Commission order. -Colgate-Palmolive launched its first miniature collectibles of India's Top Cricketer's 'collect your cricketer' promotion. 2003 -Colagate-Palmolive has divested its stake in its subsidiary Camelot Investment Company. -Colgate has decided to concentrate on its non-oral care division, by launching an international range of Palmolive Aeromatherapy persoanl care products. -Introduced 'Colgate Simply White', at-home teeth whitening gel which is priced at Rs.600 for 10ml. -Colgate has relaunched colgate dental cream with what the company calls a fresher taste and improved germ-fighting performance. -The Company commences shipment of the New Superior Colgate Dental Cream -The Herbal range was expanded with the launch of a Herbal White toothpaste for whitening combined with the benefits of Herbal ingredients -Navigator Plus was launched with its unique characteristics as a premium toothbrush -An all new range of Aromatherapy products - Shower Gel, Liquid Hand Wash and Bar Soap in 2 variants each were launched under the Palmolive brand as a major thrust in the Personal Products portfolio - Colgate Palmolive Nepal Ltd a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company has temporarily suspended its operations in view of deterioration in general security situation in Hetauda (Nepal) -Colgate unveils `Simply White' its at-home teeth whitening gel. -Relaunched Colgate Dental Cream with a fresher taste and improved germ-fighting performance. -Mr Peter Dam resigned as Director and Chairman of the Board effective close of business hours on December 31, 2003 consequent upon his transfer to Brazil. -Mr Fabian T Garcia has been appointed as a non-retiring Director and Chairman of the Board effective January 01, 2004 in place of Mr Peter Dam. 2004 -Vikram Kaushik resigns from the Board of Colgate Palmolive India -Colgate-Palmolive launches shower gel variant - Unveils Palmolive Aroma Sensual Shower Gel, enriched with a blend of Orchid extract and pure essential oils of jasmine and rose, the gel is priced at Rs 90 for a 250 ml pack. -Ties up with IDA to creat promote oral health campaign -Colgate acquires the GABA oral care business in Europe, with its strength in the important European pharmacy channel and its ties with the dental community. 2005 -Colgate-Palmolive unveils Colgate Active Salt toothpaste -Colgate emerges top brand -Colgate parent to transfer 20-pc stake to Singapore arm 2006 -Colgate enters the fast-growing Naturals segment by purchasing Tom�s of Maine, a leader in that market in the United States. -Colgate-Palmolive conducts free dental check-ups -Colgate Palmolive rolls out Colgate Max Fresh Gel -Colgate to acquire 84 pc shares of Tom's of Maine 2007 - Colgate-Palmolive India, the market leader in toothpaste in India, declared the acquisition of three domestic companies in south India recently 2009 - Colgate Palmolive India Ltd has appointed Mr. Mukul Deoras as Managing Director of the Company. 2010 - Colgate Palmolive (India) Ltd has appointed Mr. Paul Alton as the Whole-time Director of the Company effective September 01, 2010, subject to the approvals of the Central Government and Shareholders of the Company. Mr. Alton will head the Finance function and be the Chief Financial Officer of the Company. 2011 - Mr. Niket S. Ghate has been appointed as Vice-President - Legal, Company Secretary & Compliance Officer of the company. 2012 -Colgate retains top spot as most trusted brand. - Dr. (Mrs.) lndu Shahani is been apponted as an Additional Director (Non-Executive Director) of the Company. 2013 -Colgate recognized as Most Social Company- Blueocean Market Intelligence for Economic Times Newspaper. -In the Brand Footprint Report - Colgate topped the charts for brands that consumers reach out the most. 2014 - The Ethical Brand in FMCG Sector was awarded to Colgate - World CSR Congress. -Colgate awarded the Best Supplier of the Year 2013 - Tesco India at their Supplier Conference. -Colgate ranked the No.1 Most Chosen Consumer Brand - In Kantar Worldpanel Brand Footprint Report. -Commencement of Commercial Production of toothpaste. 2015 -Colgate-Palmolive (India) Limited, has launched Colgate Sensitive Pro-ReliefTM (CSPR) Enamel Repair -Colgate-Palmolive (India) Limited recently launched a new television commercial for its popular youth toothpaste brand - Colgate MaxFresh -The Company has allotted the Bonus Shares to its shareholders in the Ratio of 1:1.

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google traslaterकंपनी इतिहास - कोलगेट पाल्मोलिव (इंडिया) 1902 -Stylish Palmolive advertising begins, emphasizing ingredient purity and product benefits. 1906 -Colgate & Company celebrates its 100th anniversary. Product line includes over 800 different products. 1908 -Colgate is incorporated by the five sons of Samuel Colgate. -Ribbon opening added to Colgate tube: �We couldn't improve the product so we improved the tube.� 1911 -Colgate distributes two million tubes of toothpaste and toothbrushes to schools, and provides hygienists to demonstrate tooth brushing. 1912 -William Mennen introduces the first American shaving cream tube. 1914 -Colgate establishes its first international subsidiary in Canada. 1920s -Colgate begins establishing operations in Europe, Asia, Latin America and Africa. 1926 -Soap manufacturers Palmolive and Peet merge to become Palmolive-Peet Company. 1928 -Colgate merges with Palmolive-Peet to become Colgate-Palmolive-Peet Company. 1930 -On March 13, Colgate is first listed on the New York Stock Exchange. 1937 - The Company was incorporated on 23rd September, as a private limited company. The Company Manufacture and market dental care products (dental cream and tooth powder), hair care products (hair oils, shampoos, brilliantine) and other personal care products such as shaving creams, and lotions, face creams, baby powder, talcum powder, etc. The products are marketed under the trade marks Colgate. Palmolive, Halo and Charmis. - A distribution set up was also developed on an all-India basis with warehouse facilities in Mumbai, Chennai and Calcutta. - Colgate-Palmolive Company, U.S.A. supplemented this reinvestment by providing, technical assistance, new product information and its worldwide developments in quality dental care and other personal care products. The Company has its own research and development facilities. 1939 Dr. Mark L. Morris develops a pet food to help save a guide dog named Buddy from kidney disease. This breakthrough leads to the first Hill's Prescription Diet product. 1947 -Ajax cleanser is launched, establishing a powerful now-global brand equity for cleaning -products. 1953 -Colgate-Palmolive Company becomes company's official name. 1956 -Colgate opens corporate headquarters at 300 Park Avenue in New York City. 1962 -Colgate opens research center in Piscataway, NJ. -Fabric conditioner is launched in France as Soupline. Today, fabric conditioners are sold in over 54 countries around the world. 1966 -Palmolive dishwashing liquid is introduced and today it is sold in over 35 countries. 1968 -Colgate toothpaste adds MFP Fluoride, clinically proven to reduce cavities. 1970 -Irish Spring launches in Germany as Irische Fr�hling and in Europe as Nordic Spring. In 1972, Irish Spring is introduced in North America. 1972 -Colgate acquires Hoyt Laboratories, which later becomes Colgate Oral Pharmaceuticals. 1975 -Caprice hair care launches in Mexico. Today, hair care products are sold in over 70 countries, with variants to suit every type of hair need. 1976 -Colgate-Palmolive acquires Hill's Pet Nutrition. Today Hill's is the global leader in pet nutrition and veterinary recommendations. 1978 - The object of the offer for sale of shares made to the Indian public during November was to reduce the non-resident holding to 40%. This offer for sale was made by Colgate-Palmolive Company, U.S.A., to the resident-Indians public to comply with FERA, 1973. As a result, 11,79,000 No. of equity shares of Rs 10 each were offered at a premium of Rs 15 per share. 1982 - 19,65,000 Bonus equity shares issued in prop. 1:1. 1983 -Colgate Plus toothbrush is introduced. Today over 1.6 billion Colgate toothbrushes are sold annually worldwide. If you lined them up end to end, they would circle the globe 16 times. 1985 - 39,30,000 bonus shares issued in prop. 1:1. -Protex bar soap is introduced, and today offers all-family antibacterial protection in over 56 countries. -Colgate-Palmolive enters into a joint venture with Hong Kong-based Hawley & Hazel, a leading oral care company, which adds strength in key Asian markets. 1986 -The Chairman's You Can Make A Difference Program is launched, recognizing innovation and executional excellence by Colgate people. 1987 -Colgate acquires Softsoap liquid soap business from the Minnetonka Corporation. Today, Colgate is the global leader in liquid hand soap. - 78,60,000 bonus shares issued in prop. 1:1. 1988 - The Company received a licence for producing 24,000 tonnes per annum of fatty acids. It also registered with DGTD for production of 30,000 tonnes of toilet soap per annum. - Shares sudivided on 29.9.1978. 19,50,000 bonus shares were then issued in prop. 130:1. - Orders were placed for setting up a fatty acid plant with an annual capacity of 20,000 tonnes and a toilet soap plant with an annual finishing capacity of 15,000 tonnes. 1989 -Annual Company sales surpass the billion mark. - 1,57,20,000 bonus shares issued in prop. 1:1. 1991 - The Company launched new Colgate Gel Toothpaste, Palmolive Extra Care and new Palmolive soap and relaunched a high quality colgate Plus and other toothbrushes. - 1,88,64,000 bonus shares issued in prop. 3:5. 1993 - The Company participated in the global launch of Colgate Total Toothpaste and Asia/Pacific regional launch of Protex Soap. - The Company proposed to negotiate with appropriate global partners for the necessary technology needed to implement vertically integrated projects and diversification into high technology areas to effect import substitutions for a range of materials. - During September, 112,92,735 No. of equity shares of Rs 10 each were allotted at a premium of Rs 50 per share to Colgate Palmolive Company, U.S.A. with a view to raise its shareholding to 51% of the subscribed capital. 615,96,735 bonus shares issued in prop. 1:1. 1994 - The Company acquired the oral hygiene business of Hindustan Ciba-Geigy Ltd. - The Company offered 123,19,347 No. of equity shares of Rs 10 each at a premium of Rs 10 per share on Rights basis in the proportion 1:10 (all were taken up). 2,40,000 shares of Rs 10 each were issued to the employees at a premium of Rs 10 per share on an equitable basis (Details of allotment non-known). - Also, 2,49,795 No. of equity shares of Rs 10 each at a premium of Rs 1 per share were issued to Colgate Palmolive Co., U.S.A., on preferential allotment basis to maintain their shareholding at 51%. 1996 - The Company launched colgate fresh stripe tooth paste and palmolive naturals soap in personal care products segments, Keratin Treatment Shampoo and Palmolive optima in Hair care segment during the year. Axion dishwashing paste was test launched in Maharashtra. - The Company established a modern facility at Aurangabad to manufacture Dicalcium phosphate, a key ingredient for toothpaste. - Passion Trading & Investment Co., Ltd., Jigs Investments Ltd., Multimint Leasing & Finance Ltd. and Camelot Investments Company Ltd. are subsidiaries of the Company. - The Company established a wholly-owned subsidiary at Hetanda in Nepal in June 1988. The facility will manufacture tooth paste and tooth powder initially. 1998 - The Company received a licence for producing 24,000 tonnes per annum of fatty acids. - The company paid a dividend of Rs.4.50 per share in 3 instalments first interim Rs.1.60 second interim Rs.1.60 and final of Rs.1.30 per share. - Colgate is the market leader in oral care with its toothpaste commanding a market share of over 60 per cent, followed by Hindustan Lever with around 35 per cent. - The Monopolies and Restrictive Trade Practices Commission (MRTPC) has, in an interim order, directed Colgate to withdraw its long-standing Suraksha Chakra advertisement within two weeks. - HLL has taken Colgate to the MRTPC over claims made by its recently launched toothpaste - Colgate Dental Cream Double Protection (CDC-DP) - a variant of the popular Colgate Dental Cream (CDC). - Colgate-Palmolive is one of the few multinational stocks which have failed to outperform the market in the recent past. - In its recent launch the company has launched Colgate Double Protection tooth paste for the entire family. - Colgate-Palmolive has finally signed up with the depository even as Sebi has sent out a note of warning to the remaining six companies. - Colgate-Palmolive (India) Ltd, a market leader in the toothpaste segment, suffered heavy setback during the first half of the current year due to stiff competition. - The company has established the Dicalcium Phosphate (DP) manufacturing facility at Aurangabad. - Colgate-Palmolive had launched the ad campaign for its new product Colgate Double Protection toothpaste in competition with rival brand Pepsodent from the Hindustan Lever stable. 1999 - The corporate has launched the `Colgate Double Protection', `Colgate Total' and `Colgate Sensation'. - The company started a new research and development centre, a manufacturing facility in Nepal, and completed a dicalcium phosphate facility in Aurangabad. - A three-judge bench of the Supreme Court allowed the appeal of Colgate Palmolive (India) Ltd with regard to the use of `Suraksha Chakra' in the advertisements of the company's toothpaste. - The re-launch of Pepsodent in July, and launch of Rs 3.50 a sachet of Pepsodent with a convenient nozzle has helped Colgate-Palmolive to increase its market share. 2000 - The Company has introduced two new variants to its Palmolive Naturals sopa range and has revitalised its sandalwood soap. - The Company has launch of two new variants in its Palmolive Naturals range of beauty soap lime and milk cream. - The Company has relaunched Colgate Gel as `Colgate Fresh Energy Gel.' - Colgate-Palmolive (Nepal) Pvt. Ltd., a wholly owned subsidiary of Colgate-Palmolive (India) Ltd, has informed the stock exchange that a small group forcibly entered the plant of Colgate-Palmolive (Nepal) at Hetauda industrial estate and denoted two explosive devices. - The Company has launch of its International Palmolive Shave Gel and Palmolive Shave Foam in response to growing consumer interest in skin conditioning benefits. - Colgate has relaunched its Cibaca toothpaste as All New Cibaca Top. - The Company has entered into a strategic tie-up with Calcutta-based First-net Solutions Ltd, under which both partners will go for joint sales promotion of Colgate Fresh Energy Gel toothpaste on the Web portal, Yantram.com. - Oral care major Colgate-Palmolive (India) Ltd. has made a foray into a new category of herbal care with the launch of Colgate Herbal touted to be a vehicle for increasing the company's rural market penetration over a period of time. - Colgate-Palmolive has relaunched its moisturising cold cream Palmolive, Charmis in a new pack. - Colgate-Palmolive (India) has launched its new Zig Zag toothbrush. - Colgate India has launched Colgate Navigator toothbrush in India. - The Company has launched the double-action Palmolive shaving cream -- 2-in-1. - The Company has launched the Naturals Line of toilet soaps in transparent bars that come in see-through packaging. 2001 - Colgate-Palmolive (India) Ltd. has launched its biggest national-level consumer promotion involving its toothpaste, toothbrush and soaps. - Colgate-Palmolive (India) Ltd. has launched international cleaning product -- Ajax in the Indian household products category for summer. - Colgate Palmolive (India) Ltd on July 18, announced a special one-time dividend of Rs 4.75 per share. The company said this would entail a total outgo of Rs 123.63 crore including the Rs 11.44 crore tax on dividend. 2002 -Graeme Dalziel, appointed as MD Of Colgate Palmolive India for a period of 5 years -Colgate has hiked its market share from 45.9% to 50.2% in the toothpowder segment with the new strategies of consumer centric promotional initiatives, impactful visibility and an add campaign featuring sunil shetty. -Percept D'Mark has signed a deal with Colgate Palmolive, to offer miniature of cricket stars in the dental pack. -Colgate Palmolive has succeeded in the appeal challenging the MRTP Commission order. -Colgate-Palmolive launched its first miniature collectibles of India's Top Cricketer's 'collect your cricketer' promotion. 2003 -Colagate-Palmolive has divested its stake in its subsidiary Camelot Investment Company. -Colgate has decided to concentrate on its non-oral care division, by launching an international range of Palmolive Aeromatherapy persoanl care products. -Introduced 'Colgate Simply White', at-home teeth whitening gel which is priced at Rs.600 for 10ml. -Colgate has relaunched colgate dental cream with what the company calls a fresher taste and improved germ-fighting performance. -The Company commences shipment of the New Superior Colgate Dental Cream -The Herbal range was expanded with the launch of a Herbal White toothpaste for whitening combined with the benefits of Herbal ingredients -Navigator Plus was launched with its unique characteristics as a premium toothbrush -An all new range of Aromatherapy products - Shower Gel, Liquid Hand Wash and Bar Soap in 2 variants each were launched under the Palmolive brand as a major thrust in the Personal Products portfolio - Colgate Palmolive Nepal Ltd a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company has temporarily suspended its operations in view of deterioration in general security situation in Hetauda (Nepal) -Colgate unveils `Simply White' its at-home teeth whitening gel. -Relaunched Colgate Dental Cream with a fresher taste and improved germ-fighting performance. -Mr Peter Dam resigned as Director and Chairman of the Board effective close of business hours on December 31, 2003 consequent upon his transfer to Brazil. -Mr Fabian T Garcia has been appointed as a non-retiring Director and Chairman of the Board effective January 01, 2004 in place of Mr Peter Dam. 2004 -Vikram Kaushik resigns from the Board of Colgate Palmolive India -Colgate-Palmolive launches shower gel variant - Unveils Palmolive Aroma Sensual Shower Gel, enriched with a blend of Orchid extract and pure essential oils of jasmine and rose, the gel is priced at Rs 90 for a 250 ml pack. -Ties up with IDA to creat promote oral health campaign -Colgate acquires the GABA oral care business in Europe, with its strength in the important European pharmacy channel and its ties with the dental community. 2005 -Colgate-Palmolive unveils Colgate Active Salt toothpaste -Colgate emerges top brand -Colgate parent to transfer 20-pc stake to Singapore arm 2006 -Colgate enters the fast-growing Naturals segment by purchasing Tom�s of Maine, a leader in that market in the United States. -Colgate-Palmolive conducts free dental check-ups -Colgate Palmolive rolls out Colgate Max Fresh Gel -Colgate to acquire 84 pc shares of Tom's of Maine 2007 - Colgate-Palmolive India, the market leader in toothpaste in India, declared the acquisition of three domestic companies in south India recently 2009 - Colgate Palmolive India Ltd has appointed Mr. Mukul Deoras as Managing Director of the Company. 2010 - Colgate Palmolive (India) Ltd has appointed Mr. Paul Alton as the Whole-time Director of the Company effective September 01, 2010, subject to the approvals of the Central Government and Shareholders of the Company. Mr. Alton will head the Finance function and be the Chief Financial Officer of the Company. 2011 - Mr. Niket S. Ghate has been appointed as Vice-President - Legal, Company Secretary & Compliance Officer of the company. 2012 -Colgate retains top spot as most trusted brand. - Dr. (Mrs.) lndu Shahani is been apponted as an Additional Director (Non-Executive Director) of the Company. 2013 -Colgate recognized as Most Social Company- Blueocean Market Intelligence for Economic Times Newspaper. -In the Brand Footprint Report - Colgate topped the charts for brands that consumers reach out the most. 2014 - The Ethical Brand in FMCG Sector was awarded to Colgate - World CSR Congress. -Colgate awarded the Best Supplier of the Year 2013 - Tesco India at their Supplier Conference. -Colgate ranked the No.1 Most Chosen Consumer Brand - In Kantar Worldpanel Brand Footprint Report. -Commencement of Commercial Production of toothpaste. 2015 -Colgate-Palmolive (India) Limited, has launched Colgate Sensitive Pro-ReliefTM (CSPR) Enamel Repair -Colgate-Palmolive (India) Limited recently launched a new television commercial for its popular youth toothpaste brand - Colgate MaxFresh -The Company has allotted the Bonus Shares to its shareholders in the Ratio of 1:1.

Hindi

Goकंपनी इतिहास - कोलगेट पाल्मोलिव (इंडिया) 1902 -Stylish Palmolive advertising begins, emphasizing ingredient purity and product benefits. 1906 -Colgate & Company celebrates its 100th anniversary. Product line includes over 800 different products. 1908 -Colgate is incorporated by the five sons of Samuel Colgate. -Ribbon opening added to Colgate tube: �We couldn't improve the product so we improved the tube.� 1911 -Colgate distributes two million tubes of toothpaste and toothbrushes to schools, and provides hygienists to demonstrate tooth brushing. 1912 -William Mennen introduces the first American shaving cream tube. 1914 -Colgate establishes its first international subsidiary in Canada. 1920s -Colgate begins establishing operations in Europe, Asia, Latin America and Africa. 1926 -Soap manufacturers Palmolive and Peet merge to become Palmolive-Peet Company. 1928 -Colgate merges with Palmolive-Peet to become Colgate-Palmolive-Peet Company. 1930 -On March 13, Colgate is first listed on the New York Stock Exchange. 1937 - The Company was incorporated on 23rd September, as a private limited company. The Company Manufacture and market dental care products (dental cream and tooth powder), hair care products (hair oils, shampoos, brilliantine) and other personal care products such as shaving creams, and lotions, face creams, baby powder, talcum powder, etc. The products are marketed under the trade marks Colgate. Palmolive, Halo and Charmis. - A distribution set up was also developed on an all-India basis with warehouse facilities in Mumbai, Chennai and Calcutta. - Colgate-Palmolive Company, U.S.A. supplemented this reinvestment by providing, technical assistance, new product information and its worldwide developments in quality dental care and other personal care products. The Company has its own research and development facilities. 1939 Dr. Mark L. Morris develops a pet food to help save a guide dog named Buddy from kidney disease. This breakthrough leads to the first Hill's Prescription Diet product. 1947 -Ajax cleanser is launched, establishing a powerful now-global brand equity for cleaning -products. 1953 -Colgate-Palmolive Company becomes company's official name. 1956 -Colgate opens corporate headquarters at 300 Park Avenue in New York City. 1962 -Colgate opens research center in Piscataway, NJ. -Fabric conditioner is launched in France as Soupline. Today, fabric conditioners are sold in over 54 countries around the world. 1966 -Palmolive dishwashing liquid is introduced and today it is sold in over 35 countries. 1968 -Colgate toothpaste adds MFP Fluoride, clinically proven to reduce cavities. 1970 -Irish Spring launches in Germany as Irische Fr�hling and in Europe as Nordic Spring. In 1972, Irish Spring is introduced in North America. 1972 -Colgate acquires Hoyt Laboratories, which later becomes Colgate Oral Pharmaceuticals. 1975 -Caprice hair care launches in Mexico. Today, hair care products are sold in over 70 countries, with variants to suit every type of hair need. 1976 -Colgate-Palmolive acquires Hill's Pet Nutrition. Today Hill's is the global leader in pet nutrition and veterinary recommendations. 1978 - The object of the offer for sale of shares made to the Indian public during November was to reduce the non-resident holding to 40%. This offer for sale was made by Colgate-Palmolive Company, U.S.A., to the resident-Indians public to comply with FERA, 1973. As a result, 11,79,000 No. of equity shares of Rs 10 each were offered at a premium of Rs 15 per share. 1982 - 19,65,000 Bonus equity shares issued in prop. 1:1. 1983 -Colgate Plus toothbrush is introduced. Today over 1.6 billion Colgate toothbrushes are sold annually worldwide. If you lined them up end to end, they would circle the globe 16 times. 1985 - 39,30,000 bonus shares issued in prop. 1:1. -Protex bar soap is introduced, and today offers all-family antibacterial protection in over 56 countries. -Colgate-Palmolive enters into a joint venture with Hong Kong-based Hawley & Hazel, a leading oral care company, which adds strength in key Asian markets. 1986 -The Chairman's You Can Make A Difference Program is launched, recognizing innovation and executional excellence by Colgate people. 1987 -Colgate acquires Softsoap liquid soap business from the Minnetonka Corporation. Today, Colgate is the global leader in liquid hand soap. - 78,60,000 bonus shares issued in prop. 1:1. 1988 - The Company received a licence for producing 24,000 tonnes per annum of fatty acids. It also registered with DGTD for production of 30,000 tonnes of toilet soap per annum. - Shares sudivided on 29.9.1978. 19,50,000 bonus shares were then issued in prop. 130:1. - Orders were placed for setting up a fatty acid plant with an annual capacity of 20,000 tonnes and a toilet soap plant with an annual finishing capacity of 15,000 tonnes. 1989 -Annual Company sales surpass the billion mark. - 1,57,20,000 bonus shares issued in prop. 1:1. 1991 - The Company launched new Colgate Gel Toothpaste, Palmolive Extra Care and new Palmolive soap and relaunched a high quality colgate Plus and other toothbrushes. - 1,88,64,000 bonus shares issued in prop. 3:5. 1993 - The Company participated in the global launch of Colgate Total Toothpaste and Asia/Pacific regional launch of Protex Soap. - The Company proposed to negotiate with appropriate global partners for the necessary technology needed to implement vertically integrated projects and diversification into high technology areas to effect import substitutions for a range of materials. - During September, 112,92,735 No. of equity shares of Rs 10 each were allotted at a premium of Rs 50 per share to Colgate Palmolive Company, U.S.A. with a view to raise its shareholding to 51% of the subscribed capital. 615,96,735 bonus shares issued in prop. 1:1. 1994 - The Company acquired the oral hygiene business of Hindustan Ciba-Geigy Ltd. - The Company offered 123,19,347 No. of equity shares of Rs 10 each at a premium of Rs 10 per share on Rights basis in the proportion 1:10 (all were taken up). 2,40,000 shares of Rs 10 each were issued to the employees at a premium of Rs 10 per share on an equitable basis (Details of allotment non-known). - Also, 2,49,795 No. of equity shares of Rs 10 each at a premium of Rs 1 per share were issued to Colgate Palmolive Co., U.S.A., on preferential allotment basis to maintain their shareholding at 51%. 1996 - The Company launched colgate fresh stripe tooth paste and palmolive naturals soap in personal care products segments, Keratin Treatment Shampoo and Palmolive optima in Hair care segment during the year. Axion dishwashing paste was test launched in Maharashtra. - The Company established a modern facility at Aurangabad to manufacture Dicalcium phosphate, a key ingredient for toothpaste. - Passion Trading & Investment Co., Ltd., Jigs Investments Ltd., Multimint Leasing & Finance Ltd. and Camelot Investments Company Ltd. are subsidiaries of the Company. - The Company established a wholly-owned subsidiary at Hetanda in Nepal in June 1988. The facility will manufacture tooth paste and tooth powder initially. 1998 - The Company received a licence for producing 24,000 tonnes per annum of fatty acids. - The company paid a dividend of Rs.4.50 per share in 3 instalments first interim Rs.1.60 second interim Rs.1.60 and final of Rs.1.30 per share. - Colgate is the market leader in oral care with its toothpaste commanding a market share of over 60 per cent, followed by Hindustan Lever with around 35 per cent. - The Monopolies and Restrictive Trade Practices Commission (MRTPC) has, in an interim order, directed Colgate to withdraw its long-standing Suraksha Chakra advertisement within two weeks. - HLL has taken Colgate to the MRTPC over claims made by its recently launched toothpaste - Colgate Dental Cream Double Protection (CDC-DP) - a variant of the popular Colgate Dental Cream (CDC). - Colgate-Palmolive is one of the few multinational stocks which have failed to outperform the market in the recent past. - In its recent launch the company has launched Colgate Double Protection tooth paste for the entire family. - Colgate-Palmolive has finally signed up with the depository even as Sebi has sent out a note of warning to the remaining six companies. - Colgate-Palmolive (India) Ltd, a market leader in the toothpaste segment, suffered heavy setback during the first half of the current year due to stiff competition. - The company has established the Dicalcium Phosphate (DP) manufacturing facility at Aurangabad. - Colgate-Palmolive had launched the ad campaign for its new product Colgate Double Protection toothpaste in competition with rival brand Pepsodent from the Hindustan Lever stable. 1999 - The corporate has launched the `Colgate Double Protection', `Colgate Total' and `Colgate Sensation'. - The company started a new research and development centre, a manufacturing facility in Nepal, and completed a dicalcium phosphate facility in Aurangabad. - A three-judge bench of the Supreme Court allowed the appeal of Colgate Palmolive (India) Ltd with regard to the use of `Suraksha Chakra' in the advertisements of the company's toothpaste. - The re-launch of Pepsodent in July, and launch of Rs 3.50 a sachet of Pepsodent with a convenient nozzle has helped Colgate-Palmolive to increase its market share. 2000 - The Company has introduced two new variants to its Palmolive Naturals sopa range and has revitalised its sandalwood soap. - The Company has launch of two new variants in its Palmolive Naturals range of beauty soap lime and milk cream. - The Company has relaunched Colgate Gel as `Colgate Fresh Energy Gel.' - Colgate-Palmolive (Nepal) Pvt. Ltd., a wholly owned subsidiary of Colgate-Palmolive (India) Ltd, has informed the stock exchange that a small group forcibly entered the plant of Colgate-Palmolive (Nepal) at Hetauda industrial estate and denoted two explosive devices. - The Company has launch of its International Palmolive Shave Gel and Palmolive Shave Foam in response to growing consumer interest in skin conditioning benefits. - Colgate has relaunched its Cibaca toothpaste as All New Cibaca Top. - The Company has entered into a strategic tie-up with Calcutta-based First-net Solutions Ltd, under which both partners will go for joint sales promotion of Colgate Fresh Energy Gel toothpaste on the Web portal, Yantram.com. - Oral care major Colgate-Palmolive (India) Ltd. has made a foray into a new category of herbal care with the launch of Colgate Herbal touted to be a vehicle for increasing the company's rural market penetration over a period of time. - Colgate-Palmolive has relaunched its moisturising cold cream Palmolive, Charmis in a new pack. - Colgate-Palmolive (India) has launched its new Zig Zag toothbrush. - Colgate India has launched Colgate Navigator toothbrush in India. - The Company has launched the double-action Palmolive shaving cream -- 2-in-1. - The Company has launched the Naturals Line of toilet soaps in transparent bars that come in see-through packaging. 2001 - Colgate-Palmolive (India) Ltd. has launched its biggest national-level consumer promotion involving its toothpaste, toothbrush and soaps. - Colgate-Palmolive (India) Ltd. has launched international cleaning product -- Ajax in the Indian household products category for summer. - Colgate Palmolive (India) Ltd on July 18, announced a special one-time dividend of Rs 4.75 per share. The company said this would entail a total outgo of Rs 123.63 crore including the Rs 11.44 crore tax on dividend. 2002 -Graeme Dalziel, appointed as MD Of Colgate Palmolive India for a period of 5 years -Colgate has hiked its market share from 45.9% to 50.2% in the toothpowder segment with the new strategies of consumer centric promotional initiatives, impactful visibility and an add campaign featuring sunil shetty. -Percept D'Mark has signed a deal with Colgate Palmolive, to offer miniature of cricket stars in the dental pack. -Colgate Palmolive has succeeded in the appeal challenging the MRTP Commission order. -Colgate-Palmolive launched its first miniature collectibles of India's Top Cricketer's 'collect your cricketer' promotion. 2003 -Colagate-Palmolive has divested its stake in its subsidiary Camelot Investment Company. -Colgate has decided to concentrate on its non-oral care division, by launching an international range of Palmolive Aeromatherapy persoanl care products. -Introduced 'Colgate Simply White', at-home teeth whitening gel which is priced at Rs.600 for 10ml. -Colgate has relaunched colgate dental cream with what the company calls a fresher taste and improved germ-fighting performance. -The Company commences shipment of the New Superior Colgate Dental Cream -The Herbal range was expanded with the launch of a Herbal White toothpaste for whitening combined with the benefits of Herbal ingredients -Navigator Plus was launched with its unique characteristics as a premium toothbrush -An all new range of Aromatherapy products - Shower Gel, Liquid Hand Wash and Bar Soap in 2 variants each were launched under the Palmolive brand as a major thrust in the Personal Products portfolio - Colgate Palmolive Nepal Ltd a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company has temporarily suspended its operations in view of deterioration in general security situation in Hetauda (Nepal) -Colgate unveils `Simply White' its at-home teeth whitening gel. -Relaunched Colgate Dental Cream with a fresher taste and improved germ-fighting performance. -Mr Peter Dam resigned as Director and Chairman of the Board effective close of business hours on December 31, 2003 consequent upon his transfer to Brazil. -Mr Fabian T Garcia has been appointed as a non-retiring Director and Chairman of the Board effective January 01, 2004 in place of Mr Peter Dam. 2004 -Vikram Kaushik resigns from the Board of Colgate Palmolive India -Colgate-Palmolive launches shower gel variant - Unveils Palmolive Aroma Sensual Shower Gel, enriched with a blend of Orchid extract and pure essential oils of jasmine and rose, the gel is priced at Rs 90 for a 250 ml pack. -Ties up with IDA to creat promote oral health campaign -Colgate acquires the GABA oral care business in Europe, with its strength in the important European pharmacy channel and its ties with the dental community. 2005 -Colgate-Palmolive unveils Colgate Active Salt toothpaste -Colgate emerges top brand -Colgate parent to transfer 20-pc stake to Singapore arm 2006 -Colgate enters the fast-growing Naturals segment by purchasing Tom�s of Maine, a leader in that market in the United States. -Colgate-Palmolive conducts free dental check-ups -Colgate Palmolive rolls out Colgate Max Fresh Gel -Colgate to acquire 84 pc shares of Tom's of Maine 2007 - Colgate-Palmolive India, the market leader in toothpaste in India, declared the acquisition of three domestic companies in south India recently 2009 - Colgate Palmolive India Ltd has appointed Mr. Mukul Deoras as Managing Director of the Company. 2010 - Colgate Palmolive (India) Ltd has appointed Mr. Paul Alton as the Whole-time Director of the Company effective September 01, 2010, subject to the approvals of the Central Government and Shareholders of the Company. Mr. Alton will head the Finance function and be the Chief Financial Officer of the Company. 2011 - Mr. Niket S. Ghate has been appointed as Vice-President - Legal, Company Secretary & Compliance Officer of the company. 2012 -Colgate retains top spot as most trusted brand. - Dr. (Mrs.) lndu Shahani is been apponted as an Additional Director (Non-Executive Director) of the Company. 2013 -Colgate recognized as Most Social Company- Blueocean Market Intelligence for Economic Times Newspaper. -In the Brand Footprint Report - Colgate topped the charts for brands that consumers reach out the most. 2014 - The Ethical Brand in FMCG Sector was awarded to Colgate - World CSR Congress. -Colgate awarded the Best Supplier of the Year 2013 - Tesco India at their Supplier Conference. -Colgate ranked the No.1 Most Chosen Consumer Brand - In Kantar Worldpanel Brand Footprint Report. -Commencement of Commercial Production of toothpaste. 2015 -Colgate-Palmolive (India) Limited, has launched Colgate Sensitive Pro-ReliefTM (CSPR) Enamel Repair -Colgate-Palmolive (India) Limited recently launched a new television commercial for its popular youth toothpaste brand - Colgate MaxFresh -The Company has allotted the Bonus Shares to its shareholders in the Ratio of 1:1. ogle Translator

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visthapan ke symasya Infrastructural development projects frequently result in the displacement of peoples from home giving way to dams, highways, or other large-scale construction projects. This Article focuses on applying an ethical analysis of the tension between the right to development, on the one hand, and the resulting risks to human security and their human rights, on the other hand. The authors argue that displacement is a multidimensional phenomenon, not confined to physical relocation. It reduces the "quality of life" of human beings into sub-human conditions. Studies on the social impact of development projects suggest that displacement mostly affects indigenous people and ethnic minorities. Unsystematic and piecemeal approach to development has resulted in depletion of the environment and loss of ecological balance. It is suggested that this unsystematic displacement of humans amounts to a gross violation of Article 21 of the Constitution of India. The judiciary has further played an important role in protection of environment by incorporating "right to clean and healthy environment" under Article 21. The founding fathers of the Constitution, under Article 39, imposed a mandate on the state towards distribution of resources so as to subserve common good. However, the law which has been consistently invoked for land acquisition is a pre-constitutional law dated 1894 with 'compensation' as the only remedy for the persons affected by such acquisitions and having no provisions for rehabilitation and resettlement. Also, the Article lays emphasis on various international policy guidelines and mechanisms, designed to safeguard those who are internally displaced as a result of development projects. In the light of the above mentioned problems, the authors suggests that a comprehensive National Policy on Rehabilitation and Resettlement (NPRR) of displaced population be framed replacing the anomalies of NPRR, 2007. Introduction "Being forcibly ousted from one's land and habitat by a dam, reservoir or highway is not only immediately disruptive and painful, it is also fraught with serious long term risks of becoming poorer than before displacement, more vulnerable economically, and disintegrated socially"1. Development-induced displacement can be defined as the forcing of communities and individuals out of their homes, often also their homelands, for the purposes of economic development.Natural resource extraction, urban renewal or development programmes and infrastructure projects such as highways, bridges, irrigation canals, and dams all require land, often in large quantity. One common consequence of such projects is the upheaval and displacement of communities. It is estimated that 10 million people were displaced annually by these so called "developmental activities." However, national leaders and policy-makers typically viewed these as legitimate and inevitable costs of development, acceptable in the larger national interest. Pt. J.L. Nehru said 'If you have to suffer, you should do so in the interest of the country'2. Indigenous People and Tribal Disproportionately Affected Studies on the social impact of development projects suggest that indigenous people including tribals and women are disproportionately affected. The Scheduled Tribes constitute about 8.1 percent of the total population of the country according to 1991 census but they also constituted 55.16% of total displaced people which indicates victimization of the tribals. Development for the nation has meant displacement, pauperisation, or, at its very best, peonage for the tribals.3 Impact of Displacement Forcibly ousted from one's land and habitat carries with it many risk .Some of the identified interlinked potential risks intrinsic to displacement4 are: 1. Landlessness 2. Joblessness 3. Homelessness 4. Marginalization. 5. Food Insecurity. 6. Increased Morbidity and Mortality 7. Loss of Access to Common Property. 8. Social Disintegration.5 Development- Displacement and Environment In achieving the so called "greater common good" or "the national interest" the long run adverse impacts on the natural resources are ignored. Various developmental projects stands accused of the destruction of entire environments, including flora, fauna, landscapes, river systems, water quality, and shorelines as well as the creation of mercury contamination, greenhouse gases, water quality deterioration, downriver hydrological change, reservoir sedimentation, transmission line impacts, quarries and borrow pits. The large scale deforestation due to mining and establishment of industries has resulted in climate change and inconsistent weathers. Big Dams submerge huge area of forest cover causing irreversible loss to varieties of flora and fauna besides the land area. The pollution (air, water, soil and noise) caused by the industries accentuate the miseries of the present as well as the generations to come. No wonder that the environmental impact assessment of most of the big and mega projects reveal that such hyped and appreciated mega ventures are nothing but surviving at human and environmental costs6. It is high time we realize the need of transforming our developmental policies to answer the larger human and environmental requirements until it becomes too late. Human Rights Challenges That Arise in Relation to Development-Induced Displacement There is no doubt about the developmental benefits of any planned project, but these cannot be weighed against human rights. Human rights thus have to be considered independently. In 1986, the UN General Assembly adopted a Declaration on the Right to Development7. The heart of the problem is that people displaced by development projects are generally seen as a necessary sacrifice on the road to development. The Human rights that are affected : Right To Life The right to life and livelihood is threatened by the loss of home and the means to make a living when people are displaced from habitual residences and traditional homelands. The right to life is protected in the UDHR (Article 3) and the ICCPR (Article 6)8. In Indian context, The Supreme Court in Ollega Tellis case envisaged right to livelihood under the aegis of Article 21 and condemned the unjustifiable displacement of people from their land. Right to life doesn't mean merely animal existence but living with human dignity and all that goes along with it like right to shelter9. Moreover, Unsystematic and piecemeal approach to development has resulted in depletion of the environment which "makes life worth living, materially and culturally10."And so it has lead to violation of right to clean and healthy environment. Right to own Property The rights to adequate housing and security of the person and property serve to protect individuals and communities from being arbitrarily displaced from their homes and land. The right to own property and not to be arbitrarily deprived of this property is spelled out in the UDHR Articles 17 as well as in Article 6 of the ICESCR. Rights To Residence The eviction or displacement of persons unlawfully amounts to violation of the rights to freedom of residence11. Article 19(e) of the Indian constitution asserts right to residence as fundamental right. All these rights and many others are of direct relevance in the case of large-scale displacement of people. Indeed, in a number of cases, not only socio-economic rights such as the right to housing that are at stake but a number of civil and political rights, from the right to be informed about the displacement procedures to the freedom of expression, may be violated if the government tries to coerce people to move out from their homes12. Defects in Compensation, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Policy For the Government and its agents of development, cash compensation seems to be the only panacea for the problems induced by displacement and only policy for rehabilitation. It's hard to believe that how land, natural resources, means of livelihood, social and cultural loss resulting from displacement can be quantified and compensated in monetary terms? Moreover, the manner in which the law is framed and interpreted ensures that the displaced land-owner or house-owner is always the loser. The limited provisions in the Land Acquisition Act to challenge the rate of compensation are, in practice, inaccessible to the indigent and illiterate oustees. Even, only those landowners who were familiar with the legal details of the Land Acquisition took their cases to court. The value of the land is calculated as on the date of the gazette notification and interest is liable to be paid only from the date of taking possession up to the date of payment of full compensation. The LAA thus does not take into consideration the escalation of the market value between the time of notification and the date of actual possession. The ill-effects of the displacement induced by development ought to be taken care off by the state and necessary arrangement thereof made, i.e. the displaced persons be resettled in a safe habitat wherein they can start their life afresh. However, this would require more than mere allocation of certain piece of land for resettlement or mere construction of make shift camps for temporary settlement. What is needed is the "rehabilitation" of the persons affected by the projects; rehabilitation means to "restore to the former condition", and thus, all that was lost by displacement, the emotional, cultural, social, political and economic losses must be restored at a priority basis than to the Project itself, which is the cause of the impoverishment. The Ethics of Development Induced Displacement and Rehabilitation (Didr) In dealing with issues of development and displacement, important ethical questions are raised such as why is displacement often considered morally objectionable? Under what conditions, if ever, can a development project justify displacement? Is it ethically just to displace people so long as they are compensated? If so, what type of compensation is owed to displacees? According to Peter Penz,13 Three broad ethical perspectives that can be used to justify development-induced displacement are public interest, self-determination, and egalitarianism. The public interest perspective, embodied in cost-benefit analysis, supports the decision that brings the greatest net benefits to the population as a whole. The self-determination perspective privileges freedom and personal control. In its form, forced displacement (at least of those who legally own property) is unjust because it violates property rights. The egalitarian perspective privileges actions that reduce poverty and/or inequality14. Theoretically, can be justified here if it benefits the poor at the cost of the wealthy, but questions are raised when a project benefits an under-privileged group at the cost of another such group. As Penz points out, is an ethically complex issue, in which public interest and distributive concerns stand in tension with self-determination and individual rights. He concludes that there are conditions under which can be justified, but that these conditions must be strong15. They include the avoidance of coercive displacement in favour of negotiated settlement, the minimization of resettlement numbers, the full compensation of displacees for all losses, and the use of development benefits to reduce poverty and inequality. Unfortunately, in most cases of DIDR, these conditions have been violated. International and National Organisation and Policies Over the past decade, different international legal entities and institutions have responded to the human rights impacts and risks of development-induced displacement by formulating a variety of guidelines, laws and best practices. Some of the most important international guidelines and practice on this issue are: • The UN Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement. • The OECD's Guidelines for Aid Agencies on Involuntary Displacement and Resettlement in Development Projects, 1992. • World Bank's Operational Directive 4.30 on Involuntary Resettlement. • United Nations and Other International Organizations- Different agencies of UN work as cluster and have sectoral responsibility to deal with the issue of development-induced displacement rehabilitation and resettlement. a. The Representative of the Secretary-General on IDPs The report formed by this agency is the basis for the provisions in the Guiding Principles on protection against displacement. b. Internal Displacement Unit Using the Guiding Principles as an overall framework, the Unit identify and draw attention to gaps in the response to internal displacement c. World Food Program The essential condition for the provision of WFP food is the food insecurity of displaced people. d. UN Development Programme UNDP in particular has become increasingly involved in programs involving the resettlement and reintegration of internally displaced populations. e. UN-Habitat The twin goals of the Habitat Agenda are "adequate shelter for all" and "sustainable human settlements development in an urbanizing world. Recommendations Ill-consequences of the displacement lead to the requirement of policies and legislations that address the issues of not only development induced displacement, but also about rehabilitation and resettlement. Following are some suggestion and recommendations to deal with problem of displacement caused by development : 1. States should ensure that eviction impact assessments are carried out prior to the initiation of any project which could result in development-based displacement, with a view to fully securing the human rights of all potentially affected persons, groups and communities. 2. States should fully explore all possible alternatives to any act involving forced eviction. 3. Sufficient information shall be provided to affected persons, groups and communities concerning all State projects as well as to the planning and implementation processes relating to the resettlement concerned, including information concerning the purpose to which the eviction dwelling or site is to be put and the persons, groups or communities who will benefit from the evicted site. 4. The State must provide or ensure fair and just compensation for any losses of personal, real or other property or goods, including rights or interests in property. 5. Resettlement must occur in a just and equitable manner and in full accordance with international human rights law. 6. States should ensure that adequate and effective legal or other appropriate remedies are available to any persons claiming that his/her right of protection against forced evictions has been violated or is under threat of violation16. 7. To make new Law on rehabilitation and change the LAA (1894), since it goes against the rights of the poor. Rehabilitation should not be separated from land acquisition and that the LAA (1894) should be changed in such a manner as to minimize displacement and turn rehabilitation into an integral part of such acquisition. 8. The very basis of the Land acquisition policies in its legal premises is required to be compatible with constitutional frame of Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles of State Policy and Special Provisions for the Scheduled Castes / Tribes and weaker sections. The effects of displacement spill over to generations in many ways, such as loss of traditional means of employment, change of environment, disrupted community life and relationships, marginalization, a profound psychological trauma and more. The issue of Displacement is an example of how law has to be consistent with socioeconomic and political circumstances, and it appears to have failed in doing so. To conclude, there is a strong need to put legal thought into issues concerning the land acquirers as well as to thoroughly investigate issues regarding removing the imbalance from the system.

Hindi

visthapan Ke symasya

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And indeed We bestowed the Book to Moosa, therefore have no doubt in its acquisition, and made it a guidance for the Descendants of Israel.

Hindi

और (ऐ रसूल) हमने तो मूसा को भी (आसमानी किताब) तौरेत अता की थी तुम भी इस किताब (कुरान) के (अल्लाह की तरफ से) मिलने में शक में न पड़े रहो और हमने इस (तौरेत) तो तुम को भी बनी इसराईल के लिए रहनुमा क़रार दिया था

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And indeed We bestowed the Book to Moosa, therefore have no doubt in its acquisition, and made it a guidance for the Descendants of Israel.

Hindi

हमने मूसा को किताब प्रदान की थी - अतः उसके मिलने के प्रति तुम किसी सन्देह में न रहना और हमने इसराईल की सन्तान के लिए उस (किताब) को मार्गदर्शन बनाया था

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O you who have believed, when you go forth [to fight] in the cause of Allah, investigate; and do not say to one who gives you [a greeting of] peace "You are not a believer," aspiring for the goods of worldly life; for with Allah are many acquisitions. You [yourselves] were like that before; then Allah conferred His favor upon you, so investigate. Indeed Allah is ever, with what you do, Acquainted.

Hindi

ऐ ईमान लानेवालो! जब तुम अल्लाह के मार्ग से निकलो तो अच्छी तरह पता लगा लो और जो तुम्हें सलाम करे, उससे यह न कहो कि तुम ईमान नहीं रखते, और इससे तुम्हारा ध्येय यह हो कि सांसारिक जीवन का माल प्राप्त करो। अल्लाह ने तुमपर उपकार किया, जो अच्छी तरह पता लगा लिया करो। जो कुछ तुम करते हो अल्लाह उसकी पूरी ख़बर रखता है

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O you who have believed, when you go forth [to fight] in the cause of Allah, investigate; and do not say to one who gives you [a greeting of] peace "You are not a believer," aspiring for the goods of worldly life; for with Allah are many acquisitions. You [yourselves] were like that before; then Allah conferred His favor upon you, so investigate. Indeed Allah is ever, with what you do, Acquainted.

Hindi

ऐ ईमानदारों जब तुम ख़ुदा की राह में (जेहाद करने को) सफ़र करो तो (किसी के क़त्ल करने में जल्दी न करो बल्कि) अच्छी तरह जॉच कर लिया करो और जो शख्स (इज़हारे इस्लाम की ग़रज़ से) तुम्हे सलाम करे तो तुम बे सोचे समझे न कह दिया करो कि तू ईमानदार नहीं है (इससे ज़ाहिर होता है) कि तुम (फ़क्त) दुनियावी आसाइश की तमन्ना रखते हो मगर इसी बहाने क़त्ल करके लूट लो और ये नहीं समझते कि (अगर यही है) तो ख़ुदा के यहॉ बहुत से ग़नीमतें हैं (मुसलमानों) पहले तुम ख़ुद भी तो ऐसे ही थे फिर ख़ुदा ने तुमपर एहसान किया (कि बेखटके मुसलमान हो गए) ग़रज़ ख़ूब छानबीन कर लिया करो बेशक ख़ुदा तुम्हारे हर काम से ख़बरदार है

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Those who are left behind will say when you set forth for the gaining of acquisitions: Allow us (that) we may follow you. They desire to change the world of Allah. Say: By no means shall you follow us; thus did Allah say before. But they will say: Nay! you are jealous of us. Nay! they do not understand but a little.

Hindi

(मुसलमानों) अब जो तुम (ख़ैबर की) ग़नीमतों के लेने को जाने लगोगे तो जो लोग (हुदैबिया से) पीछे रह गये थे तुम से कहेंगे कि हमें भी अपने साथ चलने दो ये चाहते हैं कि ख़ुदा के क़ौल को बदल दें तुम (साफ) कह दो कि तुम हरगिज़ हमारे साथ नहीं चलने पाओगे ख़ुदा ने पहले ही से ऐसा फ़रमा दिया है तो ये लोग कहेंगे कि तुम लोग तो हमसे हसद रखते हो (ख़ुदा ऐसा क्या कहेगा) बात ये है कि ये लोग बहुत ही कम समझते हैं

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Those who are left behind will say when you set forth for the gaining of acquisitions: Allow us (that) we may follow you. They desire to change the world of Allah. Say: By no means shall you follow us; thus did Allah say before. But they will say: Nay! you are jealous of us. Nay! they do not understand but a little.

Hindi

जब तुम ग़नीमतों को प्राप्त करने के लिए उनकी ओर चलोगे तो पीछे रहनेवाले कहेंगे, "हमें भी अनुमति दी जाए कि हम तुम्हारे साथ चले।" वे चाहते है कि अल्लाह का कथन को बदल दे। कह देना, "तुम हमारे साथ कदापि नहीं चल सकते। अल्लाह ने पहले ही ऐसा कह दिया है।" इसपर वे कहेंगे, "नहीं, बल्कि तुम हमसे ईर्ष्या कर रहे हो।" नहीं, बल्कि वे लोग समझते थोड़े ही है

Last Update: 2014-07-03
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English

license acquisition

Hindi

लायसेंस प्राप्ति

Last Update: 2006-09-06
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Reference: Anonymous

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