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1991

Tagalog

1991

Last Update: 2012-12-22
Usage Frequency: 1
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Reference: Wikipedia

English

Do you know what “cohort survival rate” means? Cohort Survival Rate is a measure of the efficiency and effectiveness of the delivery of education services in the country, and is defined as the percentage of enrollees at the beginning grade or year in a given school year who reached the final grade or year of the elementary or secondary level. Based on this definition, the cohort survival rate at the elementary level in the Philippines declined from 64.9% in SY 2004-2005 to 62.6% in SY 2005-2006. This means that from a cohort or group of 100 Grade 1 pupils, only 62 pupils reached Grade 6. The Cohort Survival Rate is one of 28 major statistical indicators commonly used in education statistics which have been defined by the National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB) through Resolution Number 14, Series 2006, “Approving and Adopting the Official Concepts and Definitions for Statistical Purposes for the Education Sector”, and Resolution Number 15, Series 2006, “Approving and Adopting Six Formulas on the Official Concepts and Definitions for Statistical Purposes for the Education Sector” for adoption in the Philippine Statistical System (PSS). This is in accordance with the mandate of the NSCB to ensure the harmonization and comparability of statistics in the country. The term “cohort survival rate” is one of the core statistical indicators used in the Medium Term Philippine Development Plan (MTPDP), in the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), and in the Education For All (EFA) global movement, among others. Based on latest estimates, the Philippines has a low probability or likelihood of attaining the target of universal primary education as the computed annual growth rate from 1991 to 2005 shows an annual decline of 1.3% versus the required annual growth rate of 4.0%. The achievement of this specific MDG by 2015 will thus need a reversal of trends and the country’s educational system has a lot of catching up to do. The definitions and formulas of these major statistical terms, together with the definitions of other commonly-used terms in education statistics, are contained in a new publication entitled “Glossary of Commonly Used Terms in Education Statistics” for release on January 5, 2007. The glossary, an output of the NSCB Inter-Agency Committee on Education Statistics (IACES), is an initial step towards the harmonization and standardization of terms used in education statistics and is envisioned as a reference material for planners, decision makers, and researchers, as well as basis for future legislation. The IACES is composed of representatives from the three pillars of education, namely; Department of Education; Technical Education Skills and Development Authority; and the Commission on Higher Education; as well as other national government offices such as the National Economic and Development Authority, National Statistics Office, Philippine Science High School, Science Education Institute, National Commission for Culture and the Arts, Professional Regulation Commission, Statistical Research and Training Center, Senate Committee on Education and the NSCB. The NSCB acknowledges the contributions of CHED which financed the greater part of the collaborative work for the Glossary.

Tagalog

cohort survival rate

Last Update: 2019-02-12
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:

Reference: Anonymous

English

Learning-by-doing is a concept in economic theory by which productivity is achieved through practice, self-perfection and minor innovations. An example is a factory that increases output by learning how to use equipment better without adding workers or investing significant amounts of capital. Learning refers to understanding through thinking ahead and solving backward, one of the main problem solving strategies. As Ying (1967) pointed out, this learning process is used in dynamic programming. The process is also used in strategic planning and chess. Doing refers to the capability of workers to improve their productivity by regularly repeating the same type of action. The concept of learning-by-doing has been used by Kenneth Arrow in his design of endogenous growth theory to explain effects of innovation and technical change. Robert Lucas, Jr. (1988) adopted the concept to explain increasing returns to embodied human capital. Yang and Borland (1991) have shown learning-by-doing plays a role in the evolution of countries to greater specialisation in production. In both these cases, learning-by-doing and increasing returns provide an engine for long run growth. Recently, it has become a popular explaining concept in the evolutionary economics and resource-based view (RBV) of the firm.

Tagalog

pag-aaral sa pamamagitan ng paggawa

Last Update: 2017-03-09
Usage Frequency: 1
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Reference: Anonymous

English

Kazakhstan proclaimed its membership in the Commonwealth of Independent States on Dec. 21, 1991, along with ten other former Soviet republics. In 1993, the country overwhelmingly approved the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. President

Tagalog

Kazakhstan ipinahayag nito sa pagiging kasapi sa Komonwelt ng Independent Unidos sa Disyembre 21, 1991, kasama ang sampung iba pang mga dating Sobiyet republics. Sa 1993, ang bansa lubha naaprubahan ang Nuclear Non-paglaganap Treaty. Pangulo

Last Update: 2015-02-26
Usage Frequency: 1
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Reference: Anonymous

English

english to tagalog translatorThe economy of North Korea is an industrialized and centrally planned economy. North Korea's economy remains one of the world's last centrally planned systems. The role of market allocation is sharply limited – mainly in the rural sector where some peasants sell produce from small private plots. There are almost no small businesses. Although there have been scattered and limited attempts at decentralization, as of mid-1993, Pyongyang's basic adherence to a rigid centrally planned economy continues, as does its reliance on fundamentally non-pecuniary incentives. The collapse of communist governments around the world in 1991, particularly North Korea's principal source of support, the Soviet Union, have forced North Korean economy to realign its foreign economic relations. Economic exchanges with South Korea have even begun in earnest ways at times, see Kaesong Industrial Region.

Tagalog

Dtagasalin ng ingles sa tagalog sa

Last Update: 2014-11-16
Usage Frequency: 1
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Reference: Anonymous

English

The name "Tajik" may derive from the name of a pre-Islamic tribe, perhaps of Zoroastrian origin, and means "crown" or "royalty." The Tajik people are of ethnic Persian descent and constitute the largest indigenous group in the country (about 65 percent of the population). Within this group are the Pamiris, who live in the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province and number nearly forty thousand. The Pamiris speak a different language and belong to the Ismaili Shiite sect of Islam, while Tajiks are Sunni. Gorno-Badakhshon is surrounded by mountains, and is isolated for most of the year. Other ethnic groups that were caught within the country as the borders in Central Asia were redrawn during the Soviet era include Uzbeks, Kyrgyz, Turkmen, Kazakhs, Uyghur, and Bukharan and European Jews. Beginning in the eighteenth century, many Russians migrated to the area as soldiers and laborers. Other nonindigenous ethnic groups include Crimean Tartars, Ukrainians, Belorussians, Georgians, Osetians, Koreans, and Armenians. When Tajikistan won independence in 1991, a struggle for power between the clans developed into a civil war. At that time, Islamic fundamentalists wanted to create an Islamic state. Political instability led to a collapsing infrastructure, corruption, and extreme poverty. Location and Geography. Tajikistan borders Afghanistan to the south, China to the east, Kyrgystan to the north, and Uzbekistan to the west and has a land area of 58,809 square miles (143,100 square kilometers). There are numerous glaciers. The Fergana Valley in the northern region is densely populated. It is separated from the rest of the country by mountains from which the Syrdariya and Amu Darya rivers bring rich soil deposits. In the Soviet era, the Vakhsh River was dammed for irrigation and electric power, and factories were built along its banks. Hot summers and frigid winters characterize the climate. The high mountain ridges protect the Fergana Valley and other lowlands from Arctic air masses, but temperatures drop below freezing more than one-hundred days a year. The isolation of the Pamiri has kept them close to their ancient traditions. Although the people of the Khujand (Leninobad) region also are isolated, they are more accessible to the other republics. They were the ruling clan in the Soviet era. Dushanbe (Stalinobod from 1929 to 1961), the capital, is in the west-central region and is the largest city. In 1924, it was chosen to be the capital of the new autonomous republic because of its low population and central location. Read more: http://www.everyculture.com/Sa-Th/Tajikistan.html#ixzz3IR7vbduC

Tagalog

arikitik barbar

Last Update: 2014-11-08
Usage Frequency: 1
Quality:

Reference: Anonymous
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