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[narrator] Once upon the last day
of a golden summer,
there was a boy... and bear.
The boy, whom we shall meet in
a moment, was called Christopher Robin.
The bear was called Winnie the Pooh.
And together they had many
grand adventures in a remarkable place
called the Hundred Acre Wood.
But the grandest and most extraordinary
of all their adventures
was still to begin.
T oday, I believe, is a good day
for being Pooh.
And here, I should say,
is a good place for being Pooh.
Any reason that I think of
is a good one for being Pooh.
But the very best reason of all is...
[boy] Pooh Bear.
...being with my very best friend,
You are just in time
for the best part of the day.
What part is that?
The part when you and me...
there's something I have to tell you.
Is it something nice?
Then it can wait.
It can? For how Iong?
For ever and ever.
# For ever and ever
# Is a very long time, Pooh
[chuckles] # Forever isn't long at all
# When I'm with you [laughs]
# I wanna call your name forever
# And you will always answer forever
# And both of us will be
Forever you and me
# For ever and ever
# I wanna stay like this forever
# If only I could promise forever
# Then we could just be we
# Forever you and me
[both] # For ever and ever
# For ever and ever
# Is a very long time, Pooh
# Forever isn't long at all, Christopher
# When I'm with you
# I wanna be with you forever
[echoes] # I want you right here
beside me forever
# One thing you should know
# No matter where I go
# We'll always be together
# For ever and ever #
[narrator] And so they stayed together,
doing all the things
a boy and a bear could do.
And when the day began to end,
Christopher Robin had quite forgotten
he still had something to tell Pooh.
[Christopher] Pooh Bear,
there's one thing we didn't do today.
[Pooh] And what thing might that be?
[Christopher] Uh... nothing.
what exactly is "doing nothing"?
Well, I'm told it means
going along, Iistening to
all of the things you can't hear,
and not bothering.
It's when people say
"What are you two doing?"
And we say "Oh, nothing."
And we do it.
This is sort of a nothing thing
we're doing right now.
I wish it could Iast forever.
Well, then we must do it again tomorrow.
And the tomorrow after.
And the tomorrow following that.
Pooh Bear,... what if... some day...
there came a tomorrow
when we were apart?
As Iong as we're apart together
we shall certainly be fine.
[chuckles] Yes, yes, of course.
But if we weren't together?
If I were somewhere else?
[chuckles] But you really couldn't be,
as I would be quite Iost without you.
Who would I call...
...on those days
when I'm just not strong enough,
or brave enough?
And who would I ask for advice
when I didn't know which way to turn?
We... We simply wouldn't be.
If ever there's a tomorrow
when we're not together,
there's something you must remember.
[yawns] And what might that be,
You're braver than you believe,
and stronger than you seem,
and smarter than you think.
[chuckles] Oh, that's easy.
We are braver than a bee,
and, uh, Ionger than a tree,
and taller than a goose.
Or was that a moose?
No, silly old bear.
You're braver than you believe,
and stronger than you seem...
and smarter than you think.
But the most important thing is...
even if we're apart...
I'II always be with you.
I'II always be with you.
[echoing] AIways be with you.
Braver than our beans.
Longer when we gleam.
Hum dee duh de dum.
Hm dee duh-duh dee.
Hello, Christopher Robin.
I can't seem to remember the...
To remember the, uh,...
It is. It's the first day of autumn.
A time of hot-chocolaty mornings
and toasty-marshmallow evenings.
And best of all.... Ieaping into Ieaves.
Oh, someone's Ieft a honey pot.
AII alone and Ionely.
[groans] With no one to care for it.
I should take it.
AIthough it might belong to someone.
Though, just as easily not.
Think, think. Think.
I believe when a question becomes
I should ask my very good friend...
[echoing] Christopher Robin.
Are you here?
Are you there?
Are you... anywhere?
Piglet! Christopher Robin is gone.
Why, Piglet, whatever are you doing...
I'm doing just what Christopher Robin
said I should do.
I'm going to Iook my fear of heights
right in the face and conquer it.
That is, if it doesn't conquer me first.
Are you Iooking for him, too?
Hiya, Pooh! [chuckles]
- What's up?
- Hello, Tigger.
Piglet... is up.
Oh, relax, Piglet, old pal.
There's no difference between plunging
1 0,000 feet to the jagged rocks below
and tumblin' out of bed.
Why, sure! [Iaughs]
Except for the splat at the end
they're practic'Iy similar.
CIutched in the throes of terror, eh?
Well, I guess I just better
bounce up there and get him down.
Stand back, this is gonna take
a world's record bounce.
What's the matter with you?
Being a second-rate bouncer
is not what tiggers Iike best.
It doesn't matter
if you think you're not ripe.
This is Rabbit's garden, and Rabbit
does his harvesting by the book.
As it clearly says
in the official almanac,
"Today is... [clears throat]
the first day of fall
following the Iast day of summer."
Oh, yes, the rutabaga in the back row,
[Pooh] Hello, Rabbit.
Not much of a house.
Just right for not much of a donkey.
Easy come,... easy go.
Excuse me, Rabbit,...
but would you happen to have a...
a, um,... Christopher Robin about you?
No! I haven't seen him.
- He isn't where he should be.
- And wasn't where we were.
- And seems not to be anywhere...
...where he can tell me
whose honey this is.
Well, it isn't mine.
And I don't have time. It's harvest day!
Says so in the book!
I have carrots to cut, pumpkins to pick,
peas to pluck!
Well, of course it's mine.
It's got my name scribbled all over it.
T-I double g...
Tiggers do not Iike honey.
It isn't mine.
Then again, few things are.
[grunts and groans]
If only I could find Christopher Robin.
He could tell me whose it is.
Why don't you check the note
and find out?
Why, Rabbit, how clever of you.
I'II just read it.
if I could.
Perhaps you can, Rabbit.
[harrumphs] I could read this
with my eyes closed.
It says... [clears throat]
Well, I could have read it
if Tigger hadn't bounced me so.
"Dear Pooh" it begins.
"Worry about me."
"I'm going far away."
"Help!" And the note is signed
[chuckles] Oh, Christopher Robin.
Gone far away?
Oh, what a frightful thought.
Wait! Why? When?
Who authorized it?
Where will we get the strength...
to go on without him?
[Pooh] Christopher Robin.
My very best best friend.
It simply cannot be.
Whatever will I do?
I wonder, Pooh, if... if perhaps
u-u-until Christopher Robin gets back...
um... I might possibly be your...
best best friend.
And when Piglet gets sick of you...
[sobs] we can take over.
Oh, thank you.
But you already are
the very best of my best friends.
You see, you and I can do anything.
But only Christopher Robin and I
Poor guy. His very Iittle brain
is half gone with grief.
Ah-ha! I've discovered where he went.
An O, another O, and...
[gasps] Oh, my.
What is it, Owl? Where is it?
Somewhere bad, I fear.
On a scale of one to ten...
It's not good.
He has gone to S-C-H-O-O-L.
What sort of place is that?
Well, from the very sound of it,
one can tell it's a most forbidding
and faraway place.
Then we must help Christopher Robin.
Help him get back... to here.
Then it's a quest, is it? [Iaughs]
That's the spirit.
Hoo, the nobility of it.
A Iong and dangerous journey
through the Great Unknown.
Of course, you'II need a map.
Oh, Owl,... you wouldn't suppose
we'd meet any, uh...
Oh, thank you, I nearly forgot.
Herds of Heffalumps.
Down here I fancy, in the... southeast
corner of the far west portion.
W-w-what about W-w-woozles?
- Hoo-hoo, just a dozen or three.
Here, there and yonder.
Not to mention the fabled... [chuckles]
Oh, come, come, come.
Without a monster or two
it's hardly a quest.
Merely a gaggle of friends
Hoo-hoo-hoo, how I envy you.
Not everyone has the chance
to face the unspeakable terrors
of the Great Unknown.
# Today's the day
# In only a matter of moments
You'll all be on your way
# What lurks around the corner
Not a soul can say
# But I can guess
# More or less
# Hidden dangers, great duress
# Ah, the moment of glory
Is close at hand
# Hoo-wee, it's gonna be grand
# Adventure is a wonderful thing
# Pack only the essentials
I'll tell you what to bring
# Your strength, your nerve
Your hearts, your wits
# And for skullasaurus attacks
# Adventure is a hoot and a half
# You'll face unearthly dangers
And look at them and laugh
# The claws, the teeth
The chase, the thrill
# You'll never want to come home
Maybe you never will
# That's the beauty of adventure
It's strictly sink or float
# It runs you till you're ragged
Then it grabs you by the throat
# You'll struggle to survive
Although the chances are remote
# Hoo-hoo, lucky you
Wish I was coming too
# Adventure is a wonderful thing
I almost forgot the very best part.
You not only save your friend from
the most dangerous place, namely Skull,
but from the most dangerous part
of the most dangerous place.
The eye of the skull itself.
# And you, General Pooh
# Off you go
Marching high and low
# Your friend waits at the end
# Right here
# Take a look
The map is perfectly clear
# With your excellent sense of direction
You've nothing to fear
# Through the quicksand and the chasms
# Tempting fate and fighting spasms
# Dodging avalanching boulders
# Christopher Robin's fate
Rests completely on your shoulders, Pooh
# It's up to you
# That's the beauty of adventure
# The trembling and the dread
# I can't think of another thing
I'd rather do instead
Perhaps you could join us?
# No, no, you go ahead
# Hoo-hoo, lucky you
Tally-ho and toodle-oo
# Ready now? Noble chin
Chest out, tummy in
# Make a fracas, have a fling
# Drop a postcard, give a ring
# Get the lead out, time to swing
# Whoop-de-doo and ba-da-bing
# Is a wonderful thing #
I salute you. And those of you doomed
to never return, I salute you twice.
[narrator] And so Pooh and his friends
into... well, that part
of the Hundred Acre Wood
which Owl called the "Great Unknown. "
It was the start of their quest
for Christopher Robin.
They would find him, Owl said,
if they could get through the woods.
For the woods, Owl said,
were filled with Heffalumps...
and... who knew how much worse?
"The Upside Down Rock."
"If you've made it this far...
you're where... monsters... are."
What was that?
Sounded too hungry for a Heffalump.
Too plump for a Jagular.
I'd say it's a... big old...
buggy-eyed, saber-toothy skullasaurus.
- Which way do we run?
- Where do we hide?
What's the shortest shortcut home?
I believe... that way is a good way.
AIthough, this way could be better.
[Tigger] Give me a break!
- If not over here.
- [all scream]
AIthough... [chuckles] there
might be particularly pleasant as well.
We're getting nowhere fast, Pooh,
and that just won't do.
A Ieader must be someone Ieaderly,
- [Iouder growling]
Anyone with half a set of smarts
can see we Iose the beast
by cutting across this Iovely meadow.
And a Iovely meadow it is.
[gasps] Why, Iook.
Is that a golden dahlia-daffodilus?
Rare for this Iocation.
What exactly is this Iocation, Rabbit?
And might it be nearer Christopher Robin
Why, we're right here,
on course, of course.
Where else w-would we be?
Owl, where are we?
"Nice peeceful spot!" Ha! Indeed!
- Oh, d-d-dear.
This is not the place for a small
and frightfully fearful animal...
such as myself.
Thanks for noticing.
Yes, well, uh,
precisely why I chose it.
No skullasauruses would dare
follow us in here. [chuckles]
Piglet! Come back!
I can't Iose you, too.
- [butterfly squeaks]
- [Pooh] Oh, my, my.
I believe you've made a friend, Piglet.
[chuckles] I believe you're right, Pooh.
And another, it seems.
And also that one.
And that one, too,... as well.
And he, or her.
And her, and him.
And they, and them.
Face it, Piglet, old pal,
you're just plain popular.
Some piglets have it,...
some donkeys don't.
Why, I believe, Piglet, they want
to take you home with them.
It's very kind of them, I'm sure,
but I already have a home.
I wouldn't if I couldn't, but I can't.
Jump, Piglet. We'II catch you,
Iikely as not.
I would if I could,
but they won't Iet me.
Perhaps you can ask your friends
to bring you back.
But I don't know which way back is.
[chuckles] It's down here.
I'm afraid I'm too afraid to Iook.
Oh, if only Christopher Robin was here.
Piglet, that's it.
He said all I have to do
is remember that you are...
bigger than a big Ieaf...
I mean, uh,
bolder when you're not green.
Is any of this making you feel
any Iess afraid, Piglet?
I'm afraid not, Pooh.
How to get a piglet down
who is very... up.
[Pooh] Oh, bother.
E-excuse me, b-but is that you, Pooh?
Yes, Piglet, it is.
Might we be coming down soon?
I believe so, Piglet.
Uh, how soon?
That's throwin' your weight around,
Imagine, being outnumbered
by those buggy boys a zillion to one.
What a guy.
Brave indeed. Now if you don't mind,
Rustopher Crobbin, is this way.
Are you all right, Piglet?
Yes, Pooh. Thank you.
Saving me was very brave of you.
But you're brave, too, Piglet.
Oh, what thing is that?
I'm not sure, Piglet.
Oh, if only I could remember.
[narrator] This way and that way
the map led them,
to all the places
Christopher Robin wasn't.
But to none of the places he was.
And still Rabbit refused to realize the
map didn't know which way it was going.
So we first head east by south,
then south by east.
Of course, minus the magnetic variation,
plus the wind drift.
We clearly go...
I wonder if those
rather forbidding Iooking things
might be the Forbidden Mountains,
where Christopher Robin is.
[Piglet] You're right, Pooh.
[Tigger] You found 'em, Buddy Bear.
The way to there is over here.
But, Rabbit, isn't that them,
Now, which are you going to believe,
this official map or your own eyes?
Look for yourself
and you'II see we're right on course.
It's all right there in black and white.
Why would anyone want to wander around
wondering which way to go
when they have a map to follow?
# A map is not a guess
An estimation or a hunch
# A feeling or a foolish intuition
# A map is a dependable, unwavering
# Inarguably accurate portrayer
# Of your position
# Never trust your ears,
your nose, your eyes
# Putting faith in them is most unwise
# Here's a phrase you all must memorize
# "In the printed word
is where truth lies "
Y es, but, Rabbit...
# Never trust your tummies,
your tails or toes
# You can't learn a thing
from any of those
# Here's another fact I must disclose
# From the mighty pen true wisdom flows
# If it says so
# Then it is so
# If it is so, well, so it is
# A thought's not fit to think
till it's printed in ink
# Then it says so
So it is
Y es, but I think...
# Never trust that thing
between your ears
# Brains will get you nowhere fast
# Haven't had a need for mine in years
# On the page is where the truth appears
# If it says so
Then it is so
# If it is so
So it is
# A thought's not fit to think
Till it's printed in ink
# Never differ from or doubt it
- # Or go anywhere without it
# Thank goodness we've got this
# So we don't need to fret about it
# If it says so
# So it is #
[shrieks] Oh, no! The map!
Get the map! With only half a map
we're... we're Iess than nowhere.
After that map!
I got it!
Don't have it.
I had it!
I don't have it now.
I want it again. I got it!
I ain't got it. I don't have it.
I got it! Wait, I'II get it...
No! I don't... I have it!
I wonder what's causing
this tail to fail.
Maybe it just doesn't
have what it takes.
Tigger, of all the safer places to be...
I don't think this is one.
- You could fall.
Well, you know what they say.
What doesn't bounce up
has got to fall down.
Uh... there's no time for this.
We've had too many delays.
So you just bounce out of there
[Iaughs] No way.
The wind isn't right.
But there isn't any wind.
OK, OK, you've got me. [sobs]
The truth is... [whimpers]
my tail... just doesn't have...
Don't worry, Tigger,
Christopher Robin said
I just have to remember you're...
taller than a beam.
Or was it "slower than whipped cream?"
Do you feel any bouncier now?
Perhaps your tail just needs a hand.
Could you... bounce up this far?
Ooh. How about now?
No, no, no. Thanks for trying.
I'm goin' out the way I came in.
A second-rate bouncer.
Um... Uh, Tigger.
Look at the biceps on that bear.
I don't deserve to dangle
from the same precipice.
What's Donkey Boy saying?
I said "Ouch."
Now, don't worry, Piglet, it's only me.
Now, don't worry, Piglet,
it's only Tigger and Rabbit and Eeyore.
The map! Whoo-hoo, we have it!
We can go now!
Worry now, Piglet,
it's the skullasaurus.
I know we went over this way...
And I came across...
But then I... I Iost my way over...
And if I don't... I know...
Might you know which way
Christopher Robin is from here, Rabbit?
Uh, well... Uh, I mean the...
There's this way, of course.
Not that it's the right way.
We obviously want to go this way.
Though that way's further than farther
and nearer than not.
AIthough we can't rule out this way.
Now, if Christopher Robin was here,
what would he say?
Well, he'd say...
"That Rabbit can't function
in this humidity."
"It's not his fault.
This fog isn't even on the map."
"And that... [sobs]
that Rabbit is just not smart enough
to know where to go
or... what to do."
Oh. Christopher Robin says
"At a time Iike this...
all I have to do is remember..."
But it's something Iike...
you're smarter when you're pink.
Does that help?
No. I don't know where we are
and where we aren't.
And I haven't known for hours.
[sighs] I've failed us all.
I believe I have as well.
Let's face it,
without Christopher Robin,
we don't have a chance
of finding Christopher Robin.
Perhaps we might rest in there
until this mist is mostly... mistless.
[Eeyore] End o
Sa sandaling unang sa huling araw ng isang ginintuang tag-init, nagkaroon ng isang batang lalaki ... at bear. Ang batang lalaki na ating masasalubong sa isang sandali, ay tinawag Christopher Robin. Magsilang ng sanggol ay tinawag Winnie ang puwe. At sama-sama sila'y nagkaroon ng maraming enggrandeng pakikipagsapalaran sa isang kapansin-pansin na lugar na tinatawag na ang Hundred Acre Wood. Ngunit ang grandest at pinaka-hindi pangkaraniwang ng lahat ng kanilang mga pakikipagsapalaran ay pa rin para magsimula. T oday, tingin ko, ay isang magandang araw para sa pagiging puwe.
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The culture of Thailand incorporates cultural beliefs and characteristics indigenous to the area known as modern-day Thailand coupled with much influence from ancient China, Cambodia, Laos, India along with the neighboring pre-historic cultures of Southeast Asia. It is influenced primarily by animism, Hinduism, Buddhism, as well as by later migrations from China, and northern India.
2.1 Traditional clothing
4 Birth traditions and beliefs
9 Traditional Games of Thailand
9.1 Kratai Kha Deow(One Legged Rabbit)
9.2 Banana rib hobbyhorse riding
11 See also
12 Notes and references
13 External links
Buddhist novices receiving joss sticks.
Main article: Religion in Thailand
Thailand is nearly 94%-95% Theravada Buddhist (which includes the Thai Forest Tradition and the Dhammayuttika Nikaya and Santi Asoke sects), with minorities of Muslims (5-6%), Christians (1%), Mahayana Buddhists, and other religions. Thai Theravada Buddhism is supported and overseen by the government, with monks receiving a number of government benefits, such as free use of the public transportation infrastructure.
Buddhism in Thailand is strongly influenced by traditional beliefs regarding ancestral and natural spirits, which have been incorporated into Buddhist cosmology. Most Thai people own spirit houses, miniature wooden houses in which they believe household spirits live. They present offerings of food and drink to these spirits to keep them happy. If these spirits aren't happy, it is believed that they will inhabit the larger household of the Thai, and cause chaos. These spirit houses can be found in public places and in the streets of Thailand, where the public make offerings.
Prior to the rise of Theravada Buddhism, both Indian Brahmanic religion and Mahayana Buddhism were present in Thailand. Influences from both these traditions can still be seen in present day Thai folklore. Brahmanist shrines play an important role in Thai folk religion, and the Mahayana Buddhist influence is reflected in the presence of figures like Lokesvara, a form of the bodhisattva Avalokitesvara sometimes incorporated into Thailand's iconography.
See also: Thai folklore
Thai greeting, the smile is an important symbol of refinement in Thai culture.
The traditional customs and the folklore of Thai people were gathered and described by Phya Anuman Rajadhon in the 20th century, at a time when modernity changed the face of Thailand and a great number of traditions disappeared or became adapted to modern life. Still, the striving towards refinement, rooted in ancient Siamese culture, consisting of promoting that which is refined and avoiding coarseness is a major focus of the daily life of Thai people and high on their scale of values.
One of the most distinctive Thai customs is the wai. Used in greetings, leave-taking, or as an acknowledgement, it comes in many forms, reflecting the relative status of those involved. Generally the salutation involves a prayer-like gesture with the hands, similar to the Añjali Mudrā of the Indian subcontinent, and it also may include a slight bow of the head. This salutation is often accompanied by a serene smile symbolizing a welcoming disposition and a pleasant attitude. Thailand is often referred to as the "land of smiles" in tourist brochures.
Public displays of affection is not overly common in traditional Thai society, especially between lovers. It is becoming more common, especially among the younger generation.
A notable social norm holds that touching someone on the head may be considered rude. It is also considered rude to place one's feet at a level above someone else's head, especially if that person is of higher social standing. This is because the Thai people consider the foot to be the dirtiest and lowliest part of the body, and the head the most respected and highest part of the body. This also influences how Thais sit when on the ground—their feet always pointing away from others, tucked to the side or behind them. Pointing at or touching something with the feet is also considered rude.
Display of respect of the younger towards the elder is a cornerstone value in Thailand. A family during the Buddhist ceremony for young men who are to be ordained as monks.
Since serene detachment is valued, conflict and sudden displays of anger are eschewed in Thai culture and, as is many Asian cultures, the notion of face is extremely important. For these reasons, visitors should take care not to create conflict, to display anger or to cause a Thai person to lose face. Disagreements or disputes should be handled with a smile and no attempt should be made to assign blame to another. In everyday life in Thailand, there is a strong emphasis on the concept of sanuk; the idea that life should be fun. Because of this, Thais can be quite playful at work and during day-to-day activities. Displaying positive emotions in social interactions is also important in Thai culture.
Often, Thais will deal with disagreements, minor mistakes, or misfortunes by using the phrase mai pen rai, translated as "it doesn't matter". The ubiquitous use of this phrase in Thailand reflects a disposition towards minimizing conflict, disagreements or complaints. A smile and the sentence "mai pen rai" indicates that the incident is not important and therefore there is no conflict or shame involved.
Respect for hierarchy is a very important value for Thai people. The custom of bun khun emphasizes the indebtedness towards parents, as well as towards guardians, teachers, and caretakers. It describes the feelings and practices involved in certain relationships organized around generalized reciprocity, the slow-acting accounting of an exchange calculated according to locally interpreted scales and measures. It is also considered rude to step on any type of Thai currency (Thai coin or banknote) as they include a likeness of the king.
The 1941-42 Thai cultural mandates, promulgated by Plaek Pibulsonggram, made sweeping changes in Thai culture. Modernization efforts discouraged the wearing of women's traditional costumes, in favour of more modern forms of dress
There are a number of Thai customs relating to the special status of monks in Thai society. Thai monks are forbidden physical contact with women. Women are therefore expected to make way for passing monks to ensure that accidental contact does not occur. A variety of methods are employed to ensure that no incidental contact (or the appearance of such contact) between women and monks occurs. Women making offerings to monks place their donation at the feet of the monk, or on a cloth laid on the ground or a table. Powders or unguents intended to carry a blessing are applied to Thai women by monks using the end of a candle or stick. Laypersons are expected to sit or stand with their heads at a lower level than that of a monk. Within a temple, monks may sit on a raised platform during ceremonies to make this easier to achieve.
When sitting in a temple, one is expected to point one's feet away from images of the Buddha. Shrines inside Thai residences are arranged so as to ensure that the feet are not pointed towards the religious icons, such as placing the shrine on the same wall as the head of a bed, if a house is too small to remove the shrine from the bedroom entirely.
It is also customary to remove one's footwear before entering a home or the sacred areas within a temple, and not to step on the threshold.
A woman wearing a chut Thai
Main article: Chut thai
Traditional Thai clothing is called chut thai (Thai: ชุดไทย Thai pronunciation: [tɕʰút.tʰaj]) which literally means "Thai outfit". It can be worn by men, women, and children. Chut thai for women usually consists of a pha nung or a chong kraben, a blouse, and a sabai. Northern and northeastern women may wear a sinh instead of a pha nung and a chong kraben with either a blouse or a suea pat. Chut thai for men includes a chong kraben or pants, a Raj pattern shirt, with optional knee-length white socks and a sabai. Chut thai for northern Thai men is composed of a sado, a white Manchu styled jacket, and sometimes a khian hua. In formal occasions, people may choose to wear a chut thai phraratchaniyom.
A traditional wedding in Thailand.
Main article: Thai marriage
Thai Buddhist marriage ceremonies are generally divided into two parts: a Buddhist component, which includes the recitation of prayers and the offering of food and other gifts to monks and images of the Buddha, and a non-Buddhist component rooted in folk traditions, which centers on the couple's families.
In former times, it was unknown for Buddhist monks to be present at any stage of the marriage ceremony itself. As monks were required to attend to the dead during funerals, their presence at a marriage (which was associated with fertility, and intended to produce children) was considered a bad omen. A couple would seek a blessing from their local temple before or after being married, and might consult a monk for astrological advice in setting an auspicious date for the wedding. The non-Buddhist portions of the wedding would take place away from the temple, and would often take place on a separate day.
In modern times, these prohibitions have been significantly relaxed. It is not uncommon for a visit to a temple to be made on the same day as the non-Buddhist portions of a wedding, or even for the wedding to take place within the temple. While a division is still commonly observed between the "religious" and "secular" portions of a wedding service, it may be as simple as the monks present for the Buddhist ceremony departing to take lunch once their role is complete.
During the Buddhist component of the wedding service, the couple first bow before the image of the Buddha. They then recite certain basic Buddhist prayers or chants (typically including taking the Three Refuges and the Five Precepts), and light incense and candles before the image. The parents of the couple may then be called upon to "connect" them, by placing upon the heads of the bride and groom twin loops of string or thread that link the couple together. The couple may then make offerings of food, flowers, and medicine to the monks present. Cash gifts (usually placed in an envelope) may also be presented to the temple at this time.
The monks may then unwind a small length of thread that is held between the hands of the assembled monks. They begin a series of recitations of Pali scriptures intended to bring merit and blessings to the new couple. The string terminates with the lead monk, who may connect it to a container of water that will be "sanctified" for the ceremony. Merit is said to travel through the string and be conveyed to the water. A similar arrangement is used to transfer merit to the dead at a funeral, further evidence of the weakening of the taboo on mixing funerary imagery and trappings with marriage ceremonies. Blessed water may be mixed with wax drippings from a candle lit before the Buddha image and other unguents and herbs to create a paste that is then applied to the foreheads of the bride and groom to create a small dot, similar to the marking made with red ochre on Hindu devotees. The bride's mark is created with the butt end of the candle rather than the monk's thumb, in keeping with the Vinaya prohibition against touching women.
The highest-ranking monk present may elect to say a few words to the couple, offering advice or encouragement. The couple may then make offerings of food to the monks, at which point the Buddhist portion of the ceremony is concluded.
The Thai dowry system is known as the sin sodt Thai: สินสอด. Traditionally, the groom will be expected to pay a sum of money to the family, to compensate them and to demonstrate that the groom is financially capable of taking care of their daughter. Sometimes, this sum is purely symbolic, and will be returned to the bride and groom after the wedding has taken place.
The religious component of marriage ceremonies between Thai Muslims are markedly different from that described above. The Imam of the local mosque, the groom, the father of the bride, men in the immediate family, and important men in the community sit in a circle during the ceremony, conducted by the Imam. All the women, including the bride, sit in a separate room and do not have any direct participation in the ceremony. The secular component of the ceremony, however, is often nearly identical to the secular part of Thai Buddhist wedding ceremonies. The only notable difference here is the type of meat served to guests (goat and/or beef instead of pork). Thai Muslims frequently, though not always, also follow the conventions of the Thai dowry system.
Birth traditions and beliefs
Main article: Birth in Thailand
Traditional principles concerning pregnancy and childbirth are largely influenced by folk beliefs, especially in rural areas of central and north Thailand. Modern practices follow the Western medical model.
See also: Funeral (Buddhism)
Funeral pyre of Chan Kusalo, the patriarch-abbot of northern Thailand.
Traditionally, funerals last for at least one week. Crying is discouraged during the funeral, so as not to worry the spirit of the deceased. Many activities surrounding the funeral are intended to make merit for the deceased. Copies of Buddhist scriptures may be printed and distributed in the name of the deceased, and gifts are usually given to a local temple. Monks are invited to chant prayers that are intended to provide merit for the deceased, as well as to provide protection against the possibility of the dead relative returning as a malicious spirit. A picture of the deceased from his/her best days will often be displayed next to the coffin. Often, a thread is connected to the corpse or coffin which is held by the chanting monks during their recitation; this thread is intended to transfer the merit of the monks' recitation to the deceased. The corpse is cremated, and the urn with the ash is usually kept in a chedi in the local temple.
Thai Chinese and Thai Muslim minorities bury their deceased according to the rituals of their respective communities.
A depiction of a white elephant in 19th century Thai art.
Main articles: Thai art and Music of Thailand
Thai visual arts were traditionally Buddhist. Thai Buddha images from different periods have a number of distinctive styles. Thai temple art and architecture evolved from a number of sources, one of them being Khmer architecture. Contemporary Thai art often combines traditional Thai elements with modern techniques.
Literature in Thailand is heavily influenced by Indian Hindu culture. The most notable works of Thai literature are a version of the Ramayana, a Hindu religious epic, called the Ramakien, written in part by Kings Rama I and Rama II, and the poetry of Sunthorn Phu.
There is no tradition of spoken drama in Thailand, the role instead being filled by Thai dance. This is divided into three categories: khon, lakhon, and likay, khon being the most elaborate and likay the most popular. Nang drama, a form of shadow play, is found in the south.
The music of Thailand includes classical and folk music traditions, e.g., piphat and mor lam, respectively) as well as string or pop music.
Main article: Public holidays in Thailand
Important holidays in Thai culture include Thai New Year, or Songkran, which is officially observed from 13–15 April each year. Falling at the end of the dry season and during the hot season in Thailand, the celebrations notoriously feature boisterous water throwing. The water throwing stemmed from washing Buddha images and lightly sprinkling scented water on the hands of elderly people. Small amounts of scented talcum powder were also used in the annual cleansing rite. In recent decades, water fights have been increasingly industrialised with use of hoses, barrels, squirt guns, water-filled surgical tubing, and copious amounts of powder.
Loi Krathong is held on the 12th full moon of the Thai lunar calendar, usually early-November. While not a government-observed holiday, it is nonetheless an auspicious day in Thai culture, in which Thai people "loi", meaning "to float" a "krathong", a small raft traditionally made from elaborately folded banana leaves and including flowers, candles, incense sticks, and small offerings. The act of floating away the candle raft is symbolic of letting go of all one's grudges, anger, and defilements so that one can start life afresh on a better footing.
Thai boxing is the indigenous national sport in Thailand. Football is perhaps the most-watched sport. The English Premier League is surprisingly popular.
Traditional Games of Thailand
Kratai Kha Deow(One Legged Rabbit)
“Kratai Kha Deow” or “One Legged Rabbit” is one type of catch game. The catcher will call the rabbit, and the rabbit must stand on one leg and jump or tiptoe to catch the other players and switch to rabbit instead. This game will exercise your legs and practice balancing on one leg. The number of players are divided into two teams, or may not have a team at all. Normally, there are two or more players. At the first time, the player will select the rabbit or team by “Rock-Paper-Scissors”. The loser would have to be a rabbit.
In the case of solo player, the rabbit must stand on one leg, then jump to chase and touch any part of the body of other children who have run away. Everyone must stay within the designated area. A player who runs out of space loses the game and must be switched to rabbit, but if the rabbit is exhausted and cannot stand on one leg, it was that defeated and must be punished.
In team play, the rules are similar to the solo player, but the rabbit team will send a representative to catch the other team to all the people. Those arrested will have to wait outside until the rabbit team can catch all of the rival teams. Rabbit team can switch to teammates to catch on until they are exhausted, and if the all of the members in rabbit team are exhausted and cannot stand on one leg, the rabbit team lose the game and must be punished too.
Banana rib hobbyhorse riding
Banana rib hobbyhorse riding or "Khee Ma Khan Kluay" in Thai is a traditional game of Thailand that Thai kids frequently played in the past. They use a banana rib to make the parts of a horse such as head, ear, and horsetail. The kids can make a horse on their own by using banana rib from banana trees irrelevant. This game makes kids enjoy their imagination by assume themselves as a rider, and an exercise. That is a local traditional which is the kids can spent time together.
The materials for making a banana rib hobbyhorse are banana rib, knife, small bamboo pin, and string. First, find a rib of a banana around 1.5 is long (1 meter = 2 wa). Cut it in a form of the head, neck, and ears then use a small bamboo pin to connect the ear to the head of a horse. The remaining part of a banana rib, becomes a horsetail. Attach a string between the head and the tail of this banana rib horse and place on the shoulder of the rider.
How to play banana rib hobbyhorse riding. Kids will sit on the horse and behave like they are riding a real horse shouting ‘hee hee’ or ‘yee haaah’(making the usual sounds people shout when controlling their horses). They may race with other friends if they have player more than 2 players. Which team runs faster, will be the winner or continuously ride around a wide open space and have fun.
See also: Thai names
Thai people universally have one, or occasionally more, short nicknames (Thai: ชื่อเล่น name-play) that they use with friends a
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