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essay road accident telugu 1. as they say speed thrills and also kills. keep a rein on your speed, so that one is in better control of the vehicle. find out what causes you to speed up? is there an urge to speed when you have a driver close behind? or, is it an effort to keep up with the traffic flow. or, do you simply enjoy over-taking? it is especially important to lower speed while nearing schools, on narrow roads, hilly areas, rural areas and when visibility is poor. wet roads and speed is a perfect recipe for an accident. 2. obey traffic rules. traffic rules have been designed with safety foremost in mind. it takes into account safety for all, including pedestrians. follow the lane, and keep the required distance between vehicles. it is important to display appropriate indications/signals especially while changing lanes or before a turn. respect for other drivers on the road is sacrosanct to road safety. 3. wear seat belts. seat belts are life saving. a statistic has revealed that 63% of those who died in accidents had not strapped on their seat belts. according to the national highway transportation safety administration (nhtsa), lap-shoulder belt systems cut the risk of serious injury and fatality by 50 percent. seat belts help in protecting the internal organs in a crash as it restrains the forward movement of the body to a great extent. it protects against head and neck injuries by minimizing head contacts and keeps the passenger in place. 4. pedestrians and children come first – preference is to be given to pedestrians and children crossing the road. 5. read caution signs: caution signs are very important as they warn about accident prone spots so that the driver can reduce the speed of the vehicle. signboards on the road are vital clues about road design so that the person behind the wheel can exercise caution. 6. adopt antiskid break systems in the cars, so that the risk of cars skidding can be reduced. 7. air bags in vehicles are a must to cushion the impact in case of accidents. 8. reflectors to be used on the rear of the vehicle. ensure all lamps are in working condition. hazard lamp should be switched on when the vehicle is parked on a highway. 9. vehicle must be in good working condition- there should be no compromise on the quality of brakes and tyres. further, it is imperative to inflate tyres with the right air pressure to avoid tyre bursts on road. 10. roads should be in good condition with proper sign boards. it is vital to install reflectors on roads so that deviations and medians are clearly visible to drivers. 11. avoid drugs and alcohol while driving. drugs and alcohol can slow down reflexes, disrupt accurate judgments, and cause mental alertness to dip. they have been the reason behind many fatal road accidents. 12. falling asleep behind the wheel has led to many grave mishaps on the road. drivers must rest well as the lack of it can have an adverse effect on mental alertness, slow down reflexes, and even cause momentary sleepiness behind the wheel. what follows is a disaster.
వ్యాస రోడ్డు ప్రమాదంలో telugu
Última actualización: 2017-10-10
Frecuencia de uso: 3
1.0 introduction 1.1 back ground hpcl is a government of india enterprise with a navratna status, and a forbes 2000 and global fortune 500 company. it had originally been incorporated as a company under the indian companies act 1913. it is listed on the bombay stock exchange (bse) and national stock exchange (nse), india. hpcl continually invests in innovative technologies to enhance the effectiveness of employees and bring qualitative changes in service. business process re-engineering exercise, creation of strategic business units, erp implementation, organizational transformation, balanced score card, competency mapping, benchmarking of refineries and terminals for product specifications, iso certification of refineries and supply chain management are some of the initiatives that broke new grounds. m/s. hpcl has appointed sv enviro labs & consultants, visakhapatnam for preparation of eia/ra reports for proposed project in order to seek environmental clearance. sv enviro labs & consultants is a qci-nabet accredited eia consultancy organization for “isolated storage & handling of hazardous chemicals. 1.2 structure of eia report the eia report has been prepared and aligned as per “generic structure of eia/emp/ra report” required by the moef, govt. of india as per the general condition stipulated in the eia notification. the salient features of the report have been projected by identifying the environmental and ecological stressors. the impact assessment has been presented by making compliance with the threshold limit of the environmental and ecological stressors and other norms available through government or non-government agencies. the environmental impact assessment documentation has been prepared in terms of eia notification of the moef dated 14-9-2006, as amended on 1st dec 2009, 4th april 2011 for seeking environmental clearance for m/s hindustan petroleum corporation limited, construction of new lpg bottling plant situated at sy. no: 744/1/2,744/1/4,744/1/3,744/14 & 744, kamalapur (v&m), karimnagar district, telangana falling under category “b”. 1.3 project proposal hpcl, karimnagar proposes to establish new lpg plant for bottling and storage facilities at sy. no: 744/1/2,744/1/4,744/1/3,744/14 & 744, kamalapur (v&m), karimnagar district, telangana district and storage capacity is 3 x 300 mt mounded storage vessels, bottling capacity is 60,000 mtpa. the lpg bottling plant will be operated in two shifts /day and 300 days/year to achieve the targeted production by making use of facilities listed 1.4 project location the proposed lpg bottling plant of hpcl is located at 744/1/2,744/1/4,744/1/3,744/14 & 744, kamalapur (v&m), karimnagar district, telangana district. the bottling plant is spread over an area of 26.69 acres of land. geographically, the plant is at latitude 18°11'24.08"n; longitude 79°32'13.47"e; at an altitude of about 4m above mean sea level. uppal railway station around 5.0 kms from the proposed lpg bottling plant. 2.0 executive summary the executive summary covers the following chapters in brief: 1. project description 2. description of environment & identification of impacts and mitigation measures 3. significance &project benefits 4. environmental management plan 2.1 project description goal and objectives: the goal of the project is to attain rural penetration of hpcl bottled lpg cylinders in the state of telangana in a safe & environmental friendly way, and the objectives to attain this goal would be construction & operation of 3x300 mt mounded storage vessels, bottling capacity of 60,000mtpa lpg cylinders by following all applicable safety & environmental regulations prevailing in the region. proposed facilities the salient features of the project proposed to construct 3x300 mt mounded storage vessels, bottling capacity of 60,000mtpa lpg cylinders in an area of 26.69 acres is as follows: table: proposed infrastructure at m/s lpg bottling plant - karimnagar sr.no. description size(m x m) 1 filled cylinder storage shed 40 m x 25m 2 bulk t/t unloading gantry (6 bays + 2 future) 36 m x 16m 3 empty cylinder cum filling shed 85m x 40m 4 valve changing shed 25 m x 20m 5 pressure testing shed 40 m x 25m 6a weigh bridge cabin 4m x 42 6b weigh bridge 12 m x 3m 7 lpg mound (3 x 300mt) 50m x 35m 8a gate cabin 3m x 3m 8b gate cabin 6m x 4m 9 office building with control room 30m x 12m 10 amenity block 30 m x 10m 11 dg shed 12 m x 10m 12 fire water tank (2 nos) – 3500m3 each Ǿ18m x 14m 13 air comp. house 15 m x 10m 14 mcc room 22m x 10m 15 ware house 20 m x 10m 16 fire water pump house 40 m x 10m 17 invoice room 15m x 5m 18 service water tank with pump shed Ǿ2.4m x 3.5m 19 lpg pump & compressor house 25m x 8m 20 cylinder unloading platform 25m x 10m 21 cylinder loading platform 25m x 10m 22a connecting platform 3m x 32m 22b connecting platform 3m x 32m 22c connecting platform 3 m x 17m 22d connecting platform 3m x 16m 23 drivers amenity 20m x 5m 24 visitors parking and two wheeler parking 20m x 5m 25 employee car parking 20m x 5m 26 flood light tower 8 nos 27 watch tower 8 nos 28 t/t parking area - 29 - 10m x 10m 30 maintenance room 10m x 5m 31 diesel unloading tank area (16 kl ug) 13m x 16m 32 effluent treatment plant 18m x 7m 33 ht yard (4 pole) 3m x 3m 34 cylinder counting platform 7m x 1.2m fire fighting system is consisting of automatic sprinkler system provided in all lpg handling areas/sheds covered with network of hydrants & monitors as per requirement of oisd-144 hydrant network as above shall further be extended for storage vessels area. ring main hydrants are provided with fire hydrants & monitors at strategic locations as per oisd-144 2.2 description of environment & identification of anticipated impacts description of baseline environmental status and the impact on the existing environment after construction and operation of the proposed project have been detailed with respect to the following components of the environment. the existing status of important environmental components and impact of project activities on them is summarized below. land environment: the proposed mounded bullets shall be installed in an area of 26.69acres. hence there is no change in land use pattern. the following prominent land use classes have been observed in the study area (10km radius): s.no lu/lc class area in hectare 1 rivers & streams 8640.8 2 industrial 1440.9 3 residential 8882.6 4 water body 142.5 5 cultivation 11336.4 6 plantation 242.2 7 open scrub 616.3 8 others 98.3 total 34100 there is no solid and hazardous waste generation due to the proposed project and consequently any adverse impact on land is not envisaged. thus, there will be no change in the soil characteristics, land use pattern and landscape due to the construction & operation of the proposed facilities. to characterize the nature of soil, samples from four locations in different directions within the study area were collected and characterized. the ph of the soil is an important property; vegetation cannot grow in low and high ph value soils. the normal range of ph in the soils is 6.0 to 8.5. these soils are called as normal to saline soils. most of the essential nutrients like n, p, k, cl and so4 are available for plants at the neutral ph except for fe, mn and al (not mentioned in the table) which are available at low ph range. the soils having ph below 7 are considered to be acidic from the practical standpoint, those with ph less than 5.5 and which respond to liming may be considered to qualify to be designated as acid soils. on the basis of ph measurements, the degree of soil acidity may be indicated. the ph values in the study area are varying from 6.69 to 7.84 indicating that the soils are neutral in nature. air environment: existing ambient air quality the baseline ambient air quality status in the study area is characterized using the following sources of data: ambient air quality monitoring at eight sampling locations within the study area. meteorological data collected during the study period to evaluate the baseline ambient air quality status, one season data was generated at eight locations in and around the bottling plant including residential & rural area for a period of three months from january’ 2016 to march’ 2016. during the monitoring period the concentration of air pollutants namely pm10, pm2.5, so2, nox, vocs, methane & non-methane hydrocarbon in ambient were measured. the highlights of the results are as below: summary of analysis of ambient air quality in the study area parameter pm10(µg/m3) pm2.5(µg/m3) so2(µg/m3) nox(µg/m3) monitoring station no.of samples maximum minimum mean 98th percentile no.of samples maximum minimum mean 98th percentile no.of samples maximum minimum mean 98th percentile no.of samples maximum minimum mean 98th percentile a1 26 78.4 59.2 67.1 75.4 26 39.8 30.1 34.1 38.3 26 12.0 9.1 10.3 11.6 26 21.1 16.0 18.1 20.3 a2 26 66.4 54.2 60.4 66.1 26 29.3 23.9 26.6 29.1 26 10.2 8.3 9.3 10.1 26 16.3 13.3 14.8 16.2 a3 26 77.1 59.4 67.4 75.1 26 36.9 28.4 32.2 35.9 26 11.9 9.1 10.4 11.6 26 20.6 15.9 18.0 20.1 a4 26 67.1 55.2 60.2 66.7 26 32.6 26.8 29.2 32.4 26 10.3 8.5 9.3 10.3 26 14.8 12.2 13.3 14.7 a5 26 77.1 51.8 65.4 74.9 26 37.2 25.0 31.6 36.2 26 11.9 8.0 10.1 11.5 26 20.5 13.7 17.4 19.9 a6 26 67.5 47.2 58.3 67.4 26 32.6 22.8 28.2 32.6 26 10.4 7.3 9.0 10.4 26 18.1 12.7 15.6 18.1 a7 26 72.3 57.3 63.2 72.2 26 35.6 28.2 31.1 35.6 26 11.1 8.8 9.7 11.1 26 19.6 15.5 17.1 19.6 a8 26 76.2 51.5 61.7 73.2 26 35.8 24.2 29.0 34.3 26 11.7 7.9 9.5 11.3 26 20.7 14.0 16.8 19.9 naaqs 100(µg/m3) 60(µg/m3) 80(µg/m3) 80(µg/m3) note: 1. carbon monoxide values over entire study area ranged between 0.62 mg/m3 to 0.91 mg/m3 with a mean of 0.76 mg/m3 2. hydrocarbons as methane (mg/m3) and non methane hydrocarbons (mg/m3) were monitored & analyzed at all locations and was found having an overall mean of 1.38ppm and 0.49 ppm respectively. from the monitoring results, it may be concluded that the concentration of the air pollutants, as stated above, are well within the limits specified under naaqs for industrial, rural and residential areas. source of air pollution: operation of the bottling plant involves only storage and handling of lpg which does not lead to process specific emission of air pollutants into atmosphere. the entire operation of receipt, storage and filling in cylinders is carried out under closed circuit and leak proof system so as to restrict any emission of hydrocarbon vapours into the atmosphere. however, intermittent sources of air pollutants are limited to dg sets and fire water pumps which are operated only in case of power failure during working hours and during mock fire drills only (once in a month) respectively. hence, installation of proposed mounded bullets shall not impart any adverse impact on existing air environment. noise environment noise monitoring was conducted at 08 locations within the study area, representing industrial, rural and residential areas. it is found that maximum lday and lnight was observed to be 67.3 at n2 and maximum and lnight was 55.0 db(a) at n3. the minimum lday was found to be 48.9 db(a) was measured at n5 and minimum lnight was 41.4 observed at n7. all the results observed where within the specified cpcb standards. the variation in the noise level may be attributed to the movement of vehicles on the surrounding local roads adjacent to the plant. a little increase in the noise level during construction phase has been envisaged. the duration of construction activities shall be restricted 8 to 12 hours only with maximum incremental noise level equivalent to 10 db(a) which will correspond to 3 to 4 db(a) during day and night. there will be no additional noise generation during operation phase. hence, impact on the noise quality shall be practically insignificant due to proposed project activities. water environment: to evaluate the existing water quality, 08nos of ground water and 08nos of surface water samples were collected from different locations around the bottling plant and characterized for relevant parameters. surface water quality results are summarized below: • ph of the surface water collected was neutral with ph ranging from 6.85 – 7.36 • tds was found to be 398 - 1265 mg/l. the tolerance limit of 1,500 mg/l as per is:2296 • total hardness was found to be 258 – 558 mg/l. • presence of nitrate was recorded as 3.1 – 7.9 mg/l. • do was observed as 5.9 – 6.2 mg/l . • total coliform in water was 235 - 2045 mpn/100ml. the likely source of bacteriological contamination was due to the proximity to residential area • all the heavy metals were found to be within below detectable limits. summary of groundwater quality: • the ph limit fixed for drinking water samples as per is:10500 is 6.5 to 8.5 beyond this range the water will affect the mucus membrane and or water supply system. during the study period, the ph of the groundwater was found varying between 6.91 and 7.56. the ph values for all the samples collected in the study area during study period were found to be within the desirable limits. • the permissible limit for total dissolved solids as per is:10500 is 2000 milligrams per litre (mg/l), beyond this palatability decreases and may cause gastro-intestinal irritation. in groundwater samples collected from the study area, the total dissolved solids (tds) were found to be varying between 425 mg/l and 814 mg/l. the tds of all the samples were below the desirable limit. • the permissible limit for chloride is 1000 mg/l as per is:10500 beyond this limit taste, corrosion and palatability are affected. the chloride levels in the groundwater samples collected in the study area were ranging from 116 - 238 mg/l. • the permissible limit as per is:10500 for hardness is 600 mg/l beyond this limit encrustation in water supply structure and adverse effects on domestic use will be observed. in the groundwater samples collected from the study area, the hardness was found to be varying from 202 mg/l to 496 mg/l. • fluoride is the other important parameter, which has the permissible limit of 1.5 mg/l. however, the optimum content of fluoride in the drinking water is 0.6 to 1.5 mg/l. if the fluoride content is less than 0.6 mg/l it causes dental caries. if it is above 1.5 mg/l it causes staining of tooth enamel, higher concentration in range of 3-10 mg/l causes fluorosis. in the groundwater samples of study area the fluoride values were found to be within a range of 0.39 mg/l to 0.74 mg/l. all the heavy metals in all samples were found to be below the permissible limits. the characteristics of the samples collected within the study area were found well within the permissible limits of drinking water standards(is 10500). water consumption: the project proposal is only for installation of 3 x 300mt mounded storage vessels. the water consumption due to the proposed project shall be 4.0 kld for domestic purpose and 6.0 kld for process. waste water generation: the quantity of waste water generation under normal operation of the plant is 5.2 kld. sanitary waste water is being disposed off through septic tanks to soak pits and rest of the non-sanitary waste water (due to mock drill, once in a month) will be treated and then discharge into the drains. biological environment: the proposed facilities shall be installed in the vacant land available within the premises of bottling plant. there is no point and non-point source of emission or discharge of pollutants hence, no adverse impact on the biological environment is envisaged due to the proposed project activities and operation. moreover, a considerable area of the plant has already been brought under green belt which provides food and habitat for birds and smaller mammalian species. thus, significant positive impact on fauna is foreseen. socio-economic environment: the development due to proposed project will have temporary impacts on local socio-economic condition of the people residing in the area. the construction of mounded bullets would provide temporary employment, which may consist of locals too. this would improve the socio-economic condition of the local population. the operation of the proposed project would result in positive impacts such as industrial and economic development and generation of indirect employment opportunity 2.3 analysis of alternative (technology & site) hpcl has mastered the art and technology for installation of mounded storage vessels. the lpg department of marketing division of hpcl has earned a good credential of mounded storage vessels. the technology adopted by hpcl for installation of mounded storage vessel for storage of lpg is a fail-safe technology and as such no alternative technology was considered for providing such facilities. since, the proposed bullets will be within available site hence, alternate site selection is not relevant. 2.4 environmental monitoring programme a monitoring schedule with respect to ambient air quality, waste water quality, noise quality prepared in consultation with telangana pollution control board (tpcb), shall be maintained. 2.5 additional studies no additional study is required for the proposed project. salient features of the studies are as under: impact on local infrastructure such as road network etc transport requirements will arise during the construction phase due to the movement of both the personnel and materials. the proposed site is well connected to the roads. compensation package for the people affected by the proposed project: the installation of 03 nos. of mounded storage vessels for storage of bulk lpg shall be carried out at haldia. the nearest village to the proposed site is pangidipalli village. the major occupations of population are industrial labor activities. the proposed facility does not envisage any displacement of population and no resettlement of population. hence, the proposed project does not involve any issue with respect to resettlement & rehabilitation and does not come under purview of rr policy. proposed plan to handle the socio-economic influence on local community: for installation of 03nos of mounded storage vessels, about 200 construction workers would be required. for unskilled jobs, it would be ensured that only local workers are engaged for carrying out construction jobs. this would impart positive impact on the socio-economic condition of the local area. for skilled jobs, only marginal number of workers is likely to be engaged. in view of the size of population residing within 5 km radius, no additional study is required to assess the impact of marginal number of workers coming from outside area. 2.6 risk analysis risk assessment for the proposed project has also been carried out and necessary safeguard measures have been discussed in chapter -7. the proposal is for installation of 3 x 300 mt mounded storage vessels which is considered to be intrinsically safe. the installation of the mounded storage vessels will not enhance the risk profile of the plant. 2.7 significance & project benefits of the project this project proposed to construct 3x300 mt mounded storage vessels, bottling capacity of 60 tmtpa lpg cylinders in an area of 26.69acres. hpcl has only one lpg plant in state of telangana at cherlapally in an industrial area located in telangana – bottling capacity of 50000 cylinders per day. hpcl is meeting the demand through sharing filling capacity from other lpg bottling plants/private bottlers. as per vision of govt. of india lpg penetration has to be increased to 75% by addition of 5.5 crore new connections. hpcl shall release 1.37 crore lpg connections. it has approximately 33% of lpg connections and to meet the increasing demand hpcl proposes to construct new lpg bottling plant at 744/1/2, 744/1/4, 744/1/3, 744/14 & 744, kamalapur (v & m), karimanagar district, telangana it is n
adutha varillo nachidi
Última actualización: 2016-05-31
Frecuencia de uso: 1
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the room – story about what jesus does with our sins in that place between wakefulness and dreams, i found myself in the room. there were no distinguishing features save for one wall covered with small index card files, which stretched from floor to ceiling and seemingly endlessly in either direction, had very different headings. as i drew near the wall of files, the first to catch my attention was one that read “people i have liked.” i opened it and began flipping cards. i quickly shut it, shocked to realize that i recognized the names written on each one. and then without being told, i knew exactly where i was. this lifeless room with its small files was a crude catalog system for my life. here were written the actions of every moment, big and small, in a detail my memory couldn’t match. a sense of wonder and curiosity, coupled with horror, stirred within me as i began randomly opening files and exploring their content. some brought joy and sweet memories; others a sense of shame and regret so intense that i would look over my shoulder to see if anyone was watching. a file named “friends” was next to one marked “friends i have betrayed.” the titles ranged from the mundane to the outright weird. “books i have read,” “lies i have told,” “comfort i have given,” “jokes i have laughed at.” some were almost hilarious in their exactness: “things i’ve yelled at my brothers.” others i couldn’t laugh at: “things i have done in my anger,” “things i have muttered under my breath at my parents.” i never ceased to be surprised by the contents. often there were many more cards than i expected. sometimes fewer than i hoped. i was overwhelmed by the sheer volume of the life i had lived. could it be possible that i had the time in my short life to write each of these thousands or even millions of cards? but each card confirmed this truth. each was written in my own handwriting. each signed with my own signature. when i came to a file marked “lustful thoughts,” i felt a chill run through my body. i pulled the file out only an inch, not willing to test its size, and drew out a card. i shuddered at its detailed content. i felt sick to think that such a moment had been recorded. an almost animal rage broke on me. one thought dominated my mind: no one must ever see these cards! no one must ever see this room! i have to destroy them! in an insane frenzy i yanked the file out. its size didn’t matter now. i had to empty it and burn the cards. but as i took it at one end and began pounding it on the floor, i could not dislodge a single card. i became desperate and pulled out a card, only to find it as strong as steel when i tried to tear it. defeated and utterly helpless, i returned the file to its slot. leaning my forehead against the wall, i let out a long, self-pitying sigh. and then i saw it. the title bore “people i have shared the gospel with.” the handle was brighter than those around it, newer, almost unused. i pulled on its handle and a small box not more than 3 inches long fell into my hands. i could count the cards it contained on one hand. and then the tears came. i began to weep. sobs so deep that the hurt started in my stomach and shook through me. i fell on my knees and cried. i cried out of shame, from the overwhelming shame of it all. the rows of file shelves swirled in my tear-filled eyes. no one must ever, ever know of this room. i must lock it up and hide the key. but then as i pushed away the tears, i saw him. no, please not him. not here. oh, anyone but jesus. i watched helplessly as he began to open the files and read the cards. i couldn’t bear to watch his response. and in the moments i could bring myself to look at his face, i saw a sorrow deeper than my own. he seemed to intuitively go to the worst boxes. why did he have to read every one? finally he turned and looked at me from across the room. he looked at me with pity in his eyes. but this was a pity that didn’t anger me. i dropped my head, covered my face with my hands and began to cry again. he walked over and put his arm around me. he could have said so many things. but he didn’t say a word. he just cried with me. then he got up and walked back to the wall of files. starting at one end of the room, he took out a file and, one by one, began to sign his name over mine on each card. “no!” i shouted rushing to him. all i could find to say was “no, no,” as i pulled the card from him. his name shouldn’t be on these cards. but there it was, written in red so rich, so dark, so alive. the name of jesus covered mine. it was written with his blood. he gently took the card back. he smiled a sad smile and began to sign the cards. i don’t think i’ll ever understand how he did it so quickly, but the next instant it seemed i heard him close the last file and walk back to my side. he placed his hand on my shoulder and said, “it is finished.” i stood up, and he led me out of the room. there was no lock on its door. there were still cards to be written. read more at stories | jesus christ wallpapers | christian songs online - part 123 http://www.turnbacktogod.com/category/stories/page/123/#ixzz3ulm9yz6m
మీ langage పూర్తి వాక్యం టైప్
Última actualización: 2015-03-14
Frecuencia de uso: 1
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