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Inglês

man is made by his belief as he beliefs so he becomes

Hindi

मनुष्य अपने विश्वास से बना है क्योंकि वह विश्वास करता है इसलिए वह है

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Inglês

for as he thinks about the cost, so he is. "eat and drink!" he says to you, but his heart is not with you.

Hindi

क्योंकि जैसा वह अपने मन में विचार करता है, वैसा वह आप है। वह तुझ से कहता तो है, खा पी, परन्तु उसका मन तुझ से लगा नहीं।

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Inglês

in an attitude of extreme devotion , he approaches rama and as he sets eyes on rama , he is bewitched by his loveliness .

Hindi

अतिशय भक्ति से भरा हुआ विभीषण राम के पास जाता है और जैसे ही वह राम को देखता है वैसे ही उनके रूप से मुग्ध हो जाता है ।

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Inglês

if god were to give in abundance to his creatures they would fill the earth with oppression . so he gives according to measure as he will . he knows his creatures . he is all - aware and all - seeing .

Hindi

यदि अल्लाह अपने बन्दों के लिए रोज़ी कुशादा कर देता तो वे धरती में सरकशी करने लगते । किन्तु वह एक अंदाज़े के साथ जो चाहता है , उतारता है । निस्संदेह वह अपने बन्दों की ख़बर रखनेवाला है । वह उनपर निगाह रखता है

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Inglês

if god were to give in abundance to his creatures they would fill the earth with oppression . so he gives according to measure as he will . he knows his creatures . he is all - aware and all - seeing .

Hindi

और अगर ख़ुदा ने अपने बन्दों की रोज़ी में फराख़ी कर दे तो वह लोग ज़रूर ज़मीन से सरकशी करने लगें मगर वह तो बाक़दरे मुनासिब जिसकी रोज़ी चाहता है नाज़िल करता है वह बेशक अपने बन्दों से ख़बरदार देखता है

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Inglês

actually man is not content solely with living in the present , though it is that he does with the most pressing vividness and insistence : he is moved to look before and after , to know as much as he can of the past and try to penetrate as far as he can , however obscurely , into the future .

Hindi

वस्तुतः केवल वर्तमान में निवास करने से ही सन्तुष्ट नहीं होता , यद्यपि यही वह अत्यन्त प्रबल सजीवता एवं आग्रह के साथ करता हैः वह आगे और पीछे देखने के लिये प्रेरित होता है , अतीत का अधिक - से - अधिक जितना भी अंश वह जान सकता है उसे जानने के लिय तथा , कितने धूमिल रूप में ही सही , भविष्य के अन्दर दूर से दूर तक पैठने का यत्न करने के लिये प्रेरित होता है ।

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Inglês

emerson said, toward the end of his writing career, "i have taught one doctrine, namely, the infinitude of the private man." that's why we begin our study of american transcendentalism with this essay. his basic philosophical faith (one shared by many americans) is that the ultimate source of truth is within ourselves. we recognize truth outside ourselves, in nature or in others, and the key word here is "recognize," even if only very dimly. we are often not "in touch" with ourselves or trust ourselves enough to find these truths and so must often depend on others, books, etc. to express it for us, but it is somehow within us. now, there's no particular empirical evidence for this; emerson is making a great intuitive leap of faith, and you either believe (because you've experienced it to some degree) or you don't. it is this concept of what some critics call the "imperial self" which lies at the heart of romanticism, both positively and negatively. however, this is not necessarily self-centered, because the truth which lies within is universal, shared and recognized by all (if they only knew it) and generated by self (god, over-soul, whatever). all we can really know is within us, but we must assume that other people have the same potential as we do--and assume that they do, in fact, exist (although you really can't prove it!) presumably, trusting oneself means much more than that; it means trusting that somehow or other we have an innate wisdom which is a projection of the god within, and that every person has that wisdom, although few have much access to it. those few we often call poets and prophets (but never politicians!) and we cherish the insights into our own truths that we glimpse through them. theoretically, then, to believe in our selves and our deep capacity to understand and recognize truths is to believe in every self, though we have no access to any other self besides us. practically it may be another matter, but emerson is a bit of an idealist and not terribly practical (we can't all be everything!) one characteristic of emerson's essays is the gaps he leaves the reader to fill (or to flounder in); it is probably their greatest strength (because you may personalize what you read) and greatest weakness (it can be confusing). for example, at the beginning of the essay he speaks of verses he has read which are original, but he does not tell you what those verses are. you have to imagine what "original" might be. his emphasis is not on these particular verses, or even the definition of originality in poetry, but a discussion on originality and recognizing your own ability to be original and not imitative. after all, he can't say what would be original for you, could he? but he wants you to imagine what that might be. this will happen repeatedly through the essay. try your best to fill those blanks in ways that make sense to you and your experience, and if you can't, ignore them and keep going. one problem you may find with this essay is that you feel that he is hitting you over the head with the same idea over and over, like a big hammer labeled "believe in yourself." i'm sure you wished to cry out, "ok ralphie, i've got it, i've got it!" he makes sure that you consider the implications of this idea in every way possible. it doesn't matter if there are gaps in what you understand; he'll catch up with you somewhere or other in the essay. a little overkill, perhaps. why? whom is he trying to convince? perhaps himself as well as his reader. but the message seems to be one that we all need, especially today when the ever-present media assaults us with ideas and images of how we should live and what we should believe. remember that we are reading this 150 years later or so. what seemed like a rather novel idea then has deteriorated into a cliche, embedded in just about every self-help "psychology" book in the local mall bookstore that you can find. it is hard for us to see the original force of this in 1838, when people felt far less secure about themselves, as individuals and as americans (whatever that was). in many ways, this is as much a cultural/intellectual declaration of independence as it is an exhortation to believe in yourself. its major power today is probably directed toward the younger reader, struggling with the very powerful forces toward conformity that seem endemic in american high schools. however, it also works in a class like this, where i am, in a sense, forcing you to express your ideas and not giving you such an easy way out as taking notes on what wisdom i might have to impart. emerson had his own personal reasons for writing this. he was deeply insecure in many ways (aren't we all?), and a rather revolutionary speech about religion that he delivered at the harvard divinity school about this time (asserting the doctrine of the god within) caused a tremendous uproar and criticism from people he respected. there would be no job for him at harvard! he had left the ministry a few years earlier and had lost his young wife to tuberculosis after 18 months of marriage. he didn't really have a career at that point; he just had the ideas he believed passionately and thought needed to be heard. he was involved in a very deep career crisis (which many of us can relate to). there simply was no way to earn a living doing what his heart told him that he must do--to write and to speak. except, as it turned out, there were ways to realize his dream, as long as he didn't lose his faith in himself. the rhetoric of this essay shows signs of his years in the pulpit; it's like he's demanding you to listen and to go out and act. but he may well be exhorting himself just as much as, if not more than, his readers. what he wanted to do--to establish himself a place as a writer and thinker--was extraordinarily difficult to do outside of an institution like the church or the university (so what else has changed!), and it would take all the nerve he could summon. and after all, he was no kid; he was 35 years old and counting. it all sounds so simple: just make up your mind to trust your deepest instincts and go for it! i know it isn't that simple--and in fact, so did emerson, and seeing the problems inherent in such a personally energizing idea kept him busy writing for some time. if you look carefully, you can see some awareness of this conflict in the essay, but it doesn't really blossom forth for a while. for one thing, he gives a lot of credit to innate goodness, and almost totally ignores the very crucial environmental shaping factors. he and his readers were raised in an extremely "moral" environment, and though they might rebel against church doctrine, they were deeply "indoctrinated" with those moral codes. this is not necessarily the case in the "murder capital of the world"! another problem is the extreme "masculinity" of the essay--one of his favorite words is "manliness." i can just visualize this very assertive and muscular male as an underlying ideal (was emerson insecure about that too? probably, since writers/thinkers/preachers were considered rather feminized by his society, unlike those competitive, money-making businessmen so idealized by his compatriots.) i don't believe that self-trust is a male-marked trait, although i suspect that he does believe it (though, bless his heart, he doesn't really know it!). i know, i'm reading this from my own perspective, but as emerson would say, isn't that the only way you can read? actually, i think you can try to place yourself in another context, but that must be a work of imagination to some degree (i can try, anyhow; i'll just substitute woman for man and you can do whatever you like!) emerson doesn't just keep preaching the same doctrine though, you may be relieved to hear, or at least not with the same simplistic fervour. there is a flip side to this: as exciting and energizing it may be to follow your deepest instincts and do/say what you think is right, it's also depressing to think that maybe all we can know is what is within us. in a sense, we may be imprisoned within our own perceptions and experiences, and can never really know what might be true. we can't even be sure if anyone or anything else exists, because all we can know is what's in our little individual heads. emerson will come to see this, as well as the many limitations on our power that are imposed by circumstances and environment, which he calls fate. he gets a lot more interesting when he confronts these conflicting forces. wouldn't it be nice if all we had to do is "trust ourselves" and follow our own stars? actually, it's rather amazing what people can accomplish if they do just that. however, that's not the whole story, and emerson knew it, especially after life dealt him a few more tough blows--like his beloved 5 year old son dying of scarlet fever. self-reliance can look like a pretty puny doctrine in light of a tragedy like that, but it did sustain him (although perhaps in a modified form).. so the important thing is not whether emerson is right or wrong here. he's both--and we are to draw from the essay what means the most to us. that's one reason it's written as it is. buried in there are sentences which strike right to the heart of readers, and suggest all kinds of possibilities for them. for example, many students trying to see their way ahead in life have found great comfort in this metaphor: the voyage of the best ship is a zigzag line of a hundred tacks. see the line from a sufficient distance, and it straightens itself to the average tendency. your genuine action will explain itself, and will explain your other genuine actions. you could interpret this in several ways. when you look at your life, especially when you are young, if you follow your "inner gyroscope" and do things and take courses that just "feel right," it might look to others (parents in particular) as if you just can't make up your mind and are zigzagging all over the place. the coherence will be an inner one, perhaps not even visible to you, but over time, it will probably make sense, just as you have to zigzag when sailing to reach a point most directly. one difference, of course, is that you (unlike the sailor) often haven't a clue where or what that "point" might be, and have to trust that by following your instincts and strengths, you'll actually reach some kind of point. i find that rather profound, as i look at my own life, and the decisions that i made that didn't make a lot of sense, perhaps, to others and seemed inconsistent, but that were in fact quite consistent with who i was and what i wanted to be, although i hadn't a clue what that might be (i never dreamed i'd end up teaching, etc.!) ok, that's my personal testimony (although i'll admit, i cruised past that passage when i was in college and needed to read it most)--you'll have your own, i imagine. if you'll be patient with emerson (and his vocabulary and greater reading knowledge), he is likely to speak very personally to you, if not on this reading then maybe on another. besides, just think of all the money you can save on those self-help books and therapy groups by going right to the source! ;

Hindi

आत्म स्वतंत्रता निबंध

Última atualização: 2015-05-24
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Referência: Anônimo
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Inglês

emerson said, toward the end of his writing career, "i have taught one doctrine, namely, the infinitude of the private man." that's why we begin our study of american transcendentalism with this essay. his basic philosophical faith (one shared by many americans) is that the ultimate source of truth is within ourselves. we recognize truth outside ourselves, in nature or in others, and the key word here is "recognize," even if only very dimly. we are often not "in touch" with ourselves or trust ourselves enough to find these truths and so must often depend on others, books, etc. to express it for us, but it is somehow within us. now, there's no particular empirical evidence for this; emerson is making a great intuitive leap of faith, and you either believe (because you've experienced it to some degree) or you don't. it is this concept of what some critics call the "imperial self" which lies at the heart of romanticism, both positively and negatively. however, this is not necessarily self-centered, because the truth which lies within is universal, shared and recognized by all (if they only knew it) and generated by self (god, over-soul, whatever). all we can really know is within us, but we must assume that other people have the same potential as we do--and assume that they do, in fact, exist (although you really can't prove it!) presumably, trusting oneself means much more than that; it means trusting that somehow or other we have an innate wisdom which is a projection of the god within, and that every person has that wisdom, although few have much access to it. those few we often call poets and prophets (but never politicians!) and we cherish the insights into our own truths that we glimpse through them. theoretically, then, to believe in our selves and our deep capacity to understand and recognize truths is to believe in every self, though we have no access to any other self besides us. practically it may be another matter, but emerson is a bit of an idealist and not terribly practical (we can't all be everything!) one characteristic of emerson's essays is the gaps he leaves the reader to fill (or to flounder in); it is probably their greatest strength (because you may personalize what you read) and greatest weakness (it can be confusing). for example, at the beginning of the essay he speaks of verses he has read which are original, but he does not tell you what those verses are. you have to imagine what "original" might be. his emphasis is not on these particular verses, or even the definition of originality in poetry, but a discussion on originality and recognizing your own ability to be original and not imitative. after all, he can't say what would be original for you, could he? but he wants you to imagine what that might be. this will happen repeatedly through the essay. try your best to fill those blanks in ways that make sense to you and your experience, and if you can't, ignore them and keep going. one problem you may find with this essay is that you feel that he is hitting you over the head with the same idea over and over, like a big hammer labeled "believe in yourself." i'm sure you wished to cry out, "ok ralphie, i've got it, i've got it!" he makes sure that you consider the implications of this idea in every way possible. it doesn't matter if there are gaps in what you understand; he'll catch up with you somewhere or other in the essay. a little overkill, perhaps. why? whom is he trying to convince? perhaps himself as well as his reader. but the message seems to be one that we all need, especially today when the ever-present media assaults us with ideas and images of how we should live and what we should believe. remember that we are reading this 150 years later or so. what seemed like a rather novel idea then has deteriorated into a cliche, embedded in just about every self-help "psychology" book in the local mall bookstore that you can find. it is hard for us to see the original force of this in 1838, when people felt far less secure about themselves, as individuals and as americans (whatever that was). in many ways, this is as much a cultural/intellectual declaration of independence as it is an exhortation to believe in yourself. its major power today is probably directed toward the younger reader, struggling with the very powerful forces toward conformity that seem endemic in american high schools. however, it also works in a class like this, where i am, in a sense, forcing you to express your ideas and not giving you such an easy way out as taking notes on what wisdom i might have to impart. emerson had his own personal reasons for writing this. he was deeply insecure in many ways (aren't we all?), and a rather revolutionary speech about religion that he delivered at the harvard divinity school about this time (asserting the doctrine of the god within) caused a tremendous uproar and criticism from people he respected. there would be no job for him at harvard! he had left the ministry a few years earlier and had lost his young wife to tuberculosis after 18 months of marriage. he didn't really have a career at that point; he just had the ideas he believed passionately and thought needed to be heard. he was involved in a very deep career crisis (which many of us can relate to). there simply was no way to earn a living doing what his heart told him that he must do--to write and to speak. except, as it turned out, there were ways to realize his dream, as long as he didn't lose his faith in himself. the rhetoric of this essay shows signs of his years in the pulpit; it's like he's demanding you to listen and to go out and act. but he may well be exhorting himself just as much as, if not more than, his readers. what he wanted to do--to establish himself a place as a writer and thinker--was extraordinarily difficult to do outside of an institution like the church or the university (so what else has changed!), and it would take all the nerve he could summon. and after all, he was no kid; he was 35 years old and counting. it all sounds so simple: just make up your mind to trust your deepest instincts and go for it! i know it isn't that simple--and in fact, so did emerson, and seeing the problems inherent in such a personally energizing idea kept him busy writing for some time. if you look carefully, you can see some awareness of this conflict in the essay, but it doesn't really blossom forth for a while. for one thing, he gives a lot of credit to innate goodness, and almost totally ignores the very crucial environmental shaping factors. he and his readers were raised in an extremely "moral" environment, and though they might rebel against church doctrine, they were deeply "indoctrinated" with those moral codes. this is not necessarily the case in the "murder capital of the world"! another problem is the extreme "masculinity" of the essay--one of his favorite words is "manliness." i can just visualize this very assertive and muscular male as an underlying ideal (was emerson insecure about that too? probably, since writers/thinkers/preachers were considered rather feminized by his society, unlike those competitive, money-making businessmen so idealized by his compatriots.) i don't believe that self-trust is a male-marked trait, although i suspect that he does believe it (though, bless his heart, he doesn't really know it!). i know, i'm reading this from my own perspective, but as emerson would say, isn't that the only way you can read? actually, i think you can try to place yourself in another context, but that must be a work of imagination to some degree (i can try, anyhow; i'll just substitute woman for man and you can do whatever you like!) emerson doesn't just keep preaching the same doctrine though, you may be relieved to hear, or at least not with the same simplistic fervour. there is a flip side to this: as exciting and energizing it may be to follow your deepest instincts and do/say what you think is right, it's also depressing to think that maybe all we can know is what is within us. in a sense, we may be imprisoned within our own perceptions and experiences, and can never really know what might be true. we can't even be sure if anyone or anything else exists, because all we can know is what's in our little individual heads. emerson will come to see this, as well as the many limitations on our power that are imposed by circumstances and environment, which he calls fate. he gets a lot more interesting when he confronts these conflicting forces. wouldn't it be nice if all we had to do is "trust ourselves" and follow our own stars? actually, it's rather amazing what people can accomplish if they do just that. however, that's not the whole story, and emerson knew it, especially after life dealt him a few more tough blows--like his beloved 5 year old son dying of scarlet fever. self-reliance can look like a pretty puny doctrine in light of a tragedy like that, but it did sustain him (although perhaps in a modified form).. so the important thing is not whether emerson is right or wrong here. he's both--and we are to draw from the essay what means the most to us. that's one reason it's written as it is. buried in there are sentences which strike right to the heart of readers, and suggest all kinds of possibilities for them. for example, many students trying to see their way ahead in life have found great comfort in this metaphor: the voyage of the best ship is a zigzag line of a hundred tacks. see the line from a sufficient distance, and it straightens itself to the average tendency. your genuine action will explain itself, and will explain your other genuine actions. you could interpret this in several ways. when you look at your life, especially when you are young, if you follow your "inner gyroscope" and do things and take courses that just "feel right," it might look to others (parents in particular) as if you just can't make up your mind and are zigzagging all over the place. the coherence will be an inner one, perhaps not even visible to you, but over time, it will probably make sense, just as you have to zigzag when sailing to reach a point most directly. one difference, of course, is that you (unlike the sailor) often haven't a clue where or what that "point" might be, and have to trust that by following your instincts and strengths, you'll actually reach some kind of point. i find that rather profound, as i look at my own life, and the decisions that i made that didn't make a lot of sense, perhaps, to others and seemed inconsistent, but that were in fact quite consistent with who i was and what i wanted to be, although i hadn't a clue what that might be (i never dreamed i'd end up teaching, etc.!) ok, that's my personal testimony (although i'll admit, i cruised past that passage when i was in college and needed to read it most)--you'll have your own, i imagine. if you'll be patient with emerson (and his vocabulary and greater reading knowledge), he is likely to speak very personally to you, if not on this reading then maybe on another. besides, just think of all the money you can save on those self-help books and therapy groups by going right to the source! ;

Hindi

आत्म स्वतंत्रता निबंध

Última atualização: 2015-05-24
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Inglês

pearls group cmd nirmal singh bhangoo was today granted bail by a delhi court in a complaint filed by sebi which accused his firm of allegedly collecting over rs 49,100 crore from investors in the name of investment schemes violating the law. the court gave the relief to bhangoo and another official of his group, tarlochan singh on the ground of parity as some other co-accused in the case have already been granted bail. "accused number 2 (tarlochan) has appeared pursuant to summons issued by this court. co-accused number 4,5 and 7 have already been granted bail. the role of present accused are almost similar to the other accused. "keeping in view the facts and circumstances, accused tarlochan singh and nirmal singh bhangoo are admitted to bail on furnishing a personal bond in the sum of rs 50,000 each with one surety in the like amount with the conditions that accused shall not try to tamper with the evidence and they shall not leave india without prior permission of court," additional sessions judge arvind kumar directed. during the arguments, bhangoo's counsel vijay aggarwal said his client was entitled to the concession of bail as the co-accused have already been granted bail and his role was similar to the other accused. tarlochan's counsel said there was no apprehension that the accused would flee from justice. the bail plea was opposed by sebi's counsel sanjay mann who contended that complaint was filed regarding non-bailable offences and there was no parity in the accused persons' role. bhangoo, however, would remain in jail as his counsel has not given bail bond as he is in custody in the cbi case for alleged offences of criminal conspiracy and cheating under the ipc against him and others in connection with alleged swindling of rs 45,000 crore from over five crore investors. the court had earlier summoned as accused pearl agrotech corporation ltd (pacl), its promoters and directors, nirmal singh bhangoo, tarlochan singh, sukhdev singh, gurmeet singh, subrata bhattacharya, joginder tyger, gurnam singh, anand gurwant singh and devinder kumar uppal on sebi's complaint. bhangoo, sukhdev, gurmeet and bhattacharya are already in custody in the cbi case. the court had on december 16, 2015 summoned the accused, saying prima facie violation under the provisions of sebi act and regulations of sebi (cis) regulations, sebi(prohibition of fraudulent and unfair trade practices relating to securities market) is made out in the alleged ponzi case. according to the regulator's complaint filed in the court in november 2015, pacl had allegedly illegally mobilised rs 49,100 crore and sebi had directed it to refund the money to over five crore investors. the firm challenged sebi's recovery proceedings to collect funds due to investors before securities appellate tribunal, the complaint said. it claimed that the firm, which had assets worth only rs 11,000 crore, had allegedly siphoned of a huge amount of money which was untraceable. sebi had also imposed a penalty of over rs 7,269 crore on the firm and its directors, it said. bhangoo, cmd of pearls golden forest ltd (pgf) and ex- chairman of pearls australasia pty limited, sukhdev singh, md and promoter-director of pearls agrotech corporation ltd (pacl), gurmeet singh, executive director(finance) and subrata bhattacharya, executive director in the pgf/pacl were arrested by the cbi on january 8 in connection with the case. in its fir, cbi has claimed pacl and pgf were running the schemes illegally and both companies were allegedly engaged in fraudulent activities including forgery in their day-to-day operations. delhi court in a complaint filed by sebi which accused his firm of allegedly collecting over rs 49,100 crore from investors in the name of investment schemes violating the law. hu

Hindi

मोती समूह अध्यक्ष तथा प्रबंध निदेशक निर्मल सिंह bhangoo आज जो आरोप कथित तौर पर कानून का उल्लंघन करने के निवेश योजनाओं के नाम पर निवेशकों से 49,100 करोड़ रुपये से अधिक का संग्रह उनकी फर्म सेबी द्वारा दायर एक शिकायत में दिल्ली की एक अदालत द्वारा जमानत दी थी। हू

Última atualização: 2016-03-02
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fukuyama francis fukuyama from wikipedia, the free encyclopedia yoshihiro francis fukuyama image from bloggingheads.tv podcast fukuyama in 2005 born october 27, 1952 (age 63) chicago, illinois, u.s website fukuyama.stanford.edu institutions george mason university[1] johns hopkins university stanford university main interests developing nations governance international political economy nation-building and democratization strategic and security issues notable ideas end of history influences [show] yoshihiro francis fukuyama (born october 27, 1952) is an american political scientist, political economist, and author. fukuyama is known for his book the end of history and the last man (1992), which argued that the worldwide spread of liberal democracies and free market capitalism of the west and its lifestyle may signal the end point of humanity's sociocultural evolution and become the final form of human government. however, his subsequent book trust: social virtues and creation of prosperity (1995) modified his earlier position to acknowledge that culture cannot be cleanly separated from economics. fukuyama is also associated with the rise of the neoconservative movement,[2] from which he has since distanced himself.[3] fukuyama has been a senior fellow at the center on democracy, development and the rule of law at stanford university since july 2010.[4] before that, he served as a professor and director of the international development program at the school of advanced international studies of the johns hopkins university. previously, he was omer l. and nancy hirst professor of public policy at the school of public policy at george mason university.[4] he is a council member of the international forum for democratic studies founded by the national endowment for democracy and was a member of the political science department of the rand corporation.[5] contents 1 early life 2 education 3 writings 3.1 neoconservatism 3.2 fukuyama's current views 4 affiliations 5 personal life 6 see also 7 selected bibliography 7.1 scholarly works (partial list) 7.2 books 7.3 essays 8 see also 9 references 10 external links early life francis fukuyama was born in the hyde park neighborhood of chicago. his paternal grandfather fled the russo-japanese war in 1905 and started a shop on the west coast before being interned in the second world war.[6] his father, yoshio fukuyama, a second-generation japanese american, was trained as a minister in the congregational church, received a doctorate in sociology from the university of chicago, and taught religious studies.[7][8][9] his mother, toshiko kawata fukuyama, was born in kyoto, japan, and was the daughter of shiro kawata, founder of the economics department of kyoto university and first president of osaka city university.[10] francis grew up in manhattan as an only child, had little contact with japanese culture, and did not learn japanese.[7][8] his family moved to state college, pennsylvania in 1967.[10] education fukuyama received his bachelor of arts degree in classics from cornell university, where he studied political philosophy under allan bloom.[8][11] he initially pursued graduate studies in comparative literature at yale university, going to paris for six months to study under roland barthes and jacques derrida, but became disillusioned and switched to political science at harvard university.[8] there, he studied with samuel p. huntington and harvey mansfield, among others. he earned his ph.d. in political science at harvard for his thesis on soviet threats to intervene in the middle east.[8][11] in 1979, he joined the global policy think tank rand corporation.[8] fukuyama lived at the telluride house and has been affiliated with the telluride association since his undergraduate years at cornell, an education enterprise that was home to other significant leaders and intellectuals, including steven weinberg, paul wolfowitz and kathleen sullivan. fukuyama was the omer l. and nancy hirst professor of public policy in the school of public policy at george mason university from 1996 to 2000. until july 10, 2010, he was the bernard l. schwartz professor of international political economy and director of the international development program at the paul h. nitze school of advanced international studies of johns hopkins university in washington, d.c. he is now olivier nomellini senior fellow and resident in the center on democracy, development, and the rule of law at the freeman spogli institute for international studies at stanford university.[11] writings fukuyama is best known as the author of the end of history and the last man, in which he argued that the progression of human history as a struggle between ideologies is largely at an end, with the world settling on liberal democracy after the end of the cold war and the fall of the berlin wall in 1989. fukuyama predicted the eventual global triumph of political and economic liberalism: what we may be witnessing is not just the end of the cold war, or the passing of a particular period of postwar history, but the end of history as such.... that is, the end point of mankind's ideological evolution and the universalization of western liberal democracy as the final form of human government. authors like ralf dahrendorf argued in 1990 that the essay gave fukuyama his 15 minutes of fame, which will be followed by a slide into obscurity.[12][13] he continued to remain a relevant and cited public intellectual leading american communitarian amitai etzioni to declare him "one of the few enduring public intellectuals. they are often media stars who are eaten up and spat out after their 15 minutes. but he has lasted."[14] one of the main reasons for the massive criticism against the end of history was the aggressive stance that it took towards postmodernism. postmodern philosophy had, in fukuyama's opinion, undermined the ideology behind liberal democracy, leaving the western world in a potentially weaker position.[15] the fact that marxism and fascism had been proven untenable for practical use while liberal democracy still thrived was reason enough to embrace the hopeful attitude of the progressive era, as this hope for the future was what made a society worth struggling to maintain. postmodernism, which, by this time, had become embedded in the cultural consciousness, offered no hope and nothing to sustain a necessary sense of community, instead relying only on lofty intellectual premises.[16] being a work that both praised the ideals of a group that had fallen out of favor and challenged the premises of the group that had replaced them, it was bound to create some controversy. fukuyama has written a number of other books, among them trust: the social virtues and the creation of prosperity and our posthuman future: consequences of the biotechnology revolution. in the latter, he qualified his original "end of history" thesis, arguing that since biotechnology increasingly allows humans to control their own evolution, it may allow humans to alter human nature, thereby putting liberal democracy at risk.[17] one possible outcome could be that an altered human nature could end in radical inequality. he is a fierce enemy of transhumanism, an intellectual movement asserting that posthumanity is a desirable goal. in another work, the great disruption: human nature and the reconstruction of social order, fukuyama explores the origins of social norms, and analyses the current disruptions in the fabric of our moral traditions, which he considers as arising from a shift from the manufacturing to the information age. this shift is, he thinks, normal and will prove self-correcting, given the intrinsic human need for social norms and rules. in 2006, in america at the crossroads, fukuyama discusses the history of neoconservatism, with particular focus on its major tenets and political implications. he outlines his rationale for supporting the bush administration, as well as where he believes it has gone wrong. in 2008, fukuyama published the book falling behind: explaining the development gap between latin america and the united states, which resulted from research and a conference funded by grupo mayan to gain understanding on why latin america, once far wealthier than north america, fell behind in terms of development in only a matter of centuries. discussing this book at a 2009 conference, fukuyama outlined his belief that inequality within latin american nations is a key impediment to growth. an unequal distribution of wealth, he stated, leads to social upheaval, which then results in stunted growth.[18] neoconservatism as a key reagan administration contributor to the formulation of the reagan doctrine, fukuyama is an important figure in the rise of neoconservatism, although his works came out years after irving kristol's 1972 book crystallized neoconservatism.[19] fukuyama was active in the project for the new american century think tank starting in 1997, and as a member co-signed the organization's 1998 letter recommending that president bill clinton support iraqi insurgencies in the overthrow of then-president of iraq saddam hussein.[20] he was also among forty co-signers of william kristol's september 20, 2001 letter to president george w. bush after the september 11, 2001 attacks that suggested the u.s. not only "capture or kill osama bin laden", but also embark upon "a determined effort to remove saddam hussein from power in iraq".[21] in a new york times article from february 2006, fukuyama, in considering the ongoing iraq war, stated: "what american foreign policy needs is not a return to a narrow and cynical realism, but rather the formulation of a 'realistic wilsonianism' that better matches means to ends."[22] in regard to neoconservatism he went on to say: "what is needed now are new ideas, neither neoconservative nor realist, for how america is to relate to the rest of the world – ideas that retain the neoconservative belief in the universality of human rights, but without its illusions about the efficacy of american power and hegemony to bring these ends about."[22] fukuyama's current views fukuyama began to distance himself from the neoconservative agenda of the bush administration, citing its excessive militarism and embrace of unilateral armed intervention, particularly in the middle east. by late 2003, fukuyama had voiced his growing opposition to the iraq war[23] and called for donald rumsfeld's resignation as secretary of defense.[24] at an annual dinner of the american enterprise institute in february 2004, dick cheney and charles krauthammer declared the beginning of a unipolar era under american hegemony. "all of these people around me were cheering wildly,"[25] fukuyama remembers. he believes that the iraq war was being blundered. "all of my friends had taken leave of reality."[25] he has not spoken to paul wolfowitz (previously a good friend) since.[25] fukuyama declared he would not be voting for bush,[26] and that the bush administration had made three major mistakes:[citation needed] overstating the threat of radical islam to the us failing to foresee the fierce negative reaction to its "benevolent hegemony". from the very beginning showing a negative attitude toward the united nations and other intergovernmental organizations and not seeing that it would increase anti-americanism in other countries misjudging what was needed to bring peace in iraq and being overly optimistic about the success with which social engineering of western values could be applied to iraq and the middle east in general. fukuyama believes the us has a right to promote its own values in the world, but more along the lines of what he calls "realistic wilsonianism", with military intervention only as a last resort and only in addition to other measures. a latent military force is more likely to have an effect than actual deployment. the us spends 43% of global military spending,[27] but iraq shows there are limits to its effectiveness. the us should instead stimulate political and economic development and gain a better understanding of what happens in other countries. the best instruments are setting a good example and providing education and, in many cases, money. the secret of development, be it political or economic, is that it never comes from outsiders, but always from people in the country itself. one thing the us proved to have excelled in during the aftermath of world war ii was the formation of international institutions. a return to support for these structures would combine american power with international legitimacy. but such measures require a lot of patience. this is the central thesis of his 2006 work america at the crossroads. in a 2006 essay in the new york times magazine strongly critical of the invasion, he identified neoconservatism with leninism. he wrote that neoconservatives:[28] believed that history can be pushed along with the right application of power and will. leninism was a tragedy in its bolshevik version, and it has returned as farce when practiced by the united states. neoconservatism, as both a political symbol and a body of thought, has evolved into something i can no longer support. fukuyama announced the end of the neoconservative moment and argued for the demilitarization of the war on terrorism:[28] [w]ar is the wrong metaphor for the broader struggle, since wars are fought at full intensity and have clear beginnings and endings. meeting the jihadist challenge is more of a "long, twilight struggle" [quoting john f. kennedy's inaugural address] whose core is not a military campaign but a political contest for the hearts and minds of ordinary muslims around the world. fukuyama endorsed barack obama in the 2008 us presidential election. he states:[29] i'm voting for barack obama this november for a very simple reason. it is hard to imagine a more disastrous presidency than that of george w. bush. it was bad enough that he launched an unnecessary war and undermined the standing of the united states throughout the world in his first term. but in the waning days of his administration, he is presiding over a collapse of the american financial system and broader economy that will have consequences for years to come. as a general rule, democracies don't work well if voters do not hold political parties accountable for failure. while john mccain is trying desperately to pretend that he never had anything to do with the republican party, i think it would be a travesty to reward the republicans for failure on such a grand scale. affiliations between 2006 and 2008, fukuyama advised muammar gaddafi as part of the monitor group, a consultancy firm based in cambridge, ma.[30] in august 2005, fukuyama co-founded the american interest, a quarterly magazine devoted to the broad theme of "america in the world". he is currently chairman of the editorial board.[11] fukuyama was a member of the rand corporation's political science department from 1979 to 1980, 1983 to 1989, and 1995 to 1996. he is now a member of the board of trustees.[11] fukuyama was a member of the president's council on bioethics from 2001 to 2004.[11] fukuyama is a fellow of the world academy of art and science (waas). fukuyama is on the steering committee for the scooter libby legal defense trust.[31] fukuyama is a long-time friend of libby. they served together in the state department in the 1980s. fukuyama is a member of the board of counselors for the pyle center of northeast asian studies at the national bureau of asian research.[32] fukuyama is on the board of global financial integrity. fukuyama is on the executive board of the inter-american dialogue. personal life fukuyama is a part-time photographer. he also has a keen interest in early-american furniture, which he reproduces by hand.[33] he is keenly interested in sound recording and reproduction, saying, "these days i seem to spend as much time thinking about gear as i do analyzing politics for my day job."[25] fukuyama is married to laura holmgren, whom he met when she was a ucla graduate student after he started working for the rand corporation.[8][11] he dedicated his book trust: the social virtues and the creation of prosperity to her. they live in california, with their three children, julia, david, and john away in school. see also daniel bell selected bibliography scholarly works (partial list) the soviet union and iraq since 1968, rand research report, 1980 books the end of history and the last man. free press, 1992. isbn 0-02-910975-2 trust: the social virtues and the creation of prosperity. free press, 1995. isbn 0-02-910976-0 the great disruption: human nature and the reconstitution of social order. free press. 1999. isbn 0-684-84530-x our posthuman future: consequences of the biotechnology revolution. new york, ny: farrar, straus and giroux. 2002. isbn 0-374-23643-7 state-building: governance and world order in the 21st century. ithaca, ny: cornell university press. 2004. isbn 0-8014-4292-3 america at the crossroads: democracy, power, and the neoconservative legacy. new haven, ct: yale university press. 2006. isbn 0-300-11399-4 us edition after the neo cons: where the right went wrong. london: profile books. 2006. isbn 1-86197-922-3 uk edition falling behind: explaining the development gap between latin america and the united states (editor). new york, ny: oxford university press. 2008. isbn 978-0-19-536882-6 the origins of political order. new york, ny: farrar, straus and giroux. 2011. isbn 978-1-846-68256-8 political order and political decay: from the industrial revolution to the globalization of democracy. new york: farrar, straus and giroux. 2014. isbn 978-0-374-22735-7 essays the end of history?, the national interest, summer 1989 women and the evolution of world politics, foreign affairs october 1998 immigrants and family values, the immigration reader 1998. isbn 1-55786-916-2 human nature and the reconstruction of social order, the atlantic monthly, may 1999 social capital and civil society, paper prepared for delivery at the international monetary fund conference on second generation reforms, october 1, 1999 the neoconservative moment, the national interest, summer 2004 after neoconservatism, the new york times magazine, february 19, 2006 supporter's voice now turns on bush, the new york times magazine, march 14, 2006 why shouldn't i change my mind?, los angeles times, april 9, 2006 the fall of america, inc. newsweek, october 13, 2008 the new nationalism and the strategic architecture of northeast asia asia policy january 2007 left out, the american interest, january 2011 is china next?, the wall street journal, march 12, 2011 the future of history; can liberal democracy survive the decline of the middle class?, foreign affairs, january/february 2012 what is governance? governance (journal), march 2013

Hindi

francis fukuyama from wikipedia, the free encyclopedia yoshihiro francis fukuyama image from bloggingheads.tv podcast fukuyama in 2005 born october 27, 1952 (age 63) chicago, illinois, u.s website fukuyama.stanford.edu institutions george mason university[1] johns hopkins university stanford university main interests developing nations governance international political economy nation-building and democratization strategic and security issues notable ideas end of history influences [show] yoshihiro francis fukuyama (born october 27, 1952) is an american political scientist, political economist, and author. fukuyama is known for his book the end of history and the last man (1992), which argued that the worldwide spread of liberal democracies and free market capitalism of the west and its lifestyle may signal the end point of humanity's sociocultural evolution and become the final form of human government. however, his subsequent book trust: social virtues and creation of prosperity (1995) modified his earlier position to acknowledge that culture cannot be cleanly separated from economics. fukuyama is also associated with the rise of the neoconservative movement,[2] from which he has since distanced himself.[3] fukuyama has been a senior fellow at the center on democracy, development and the rule of law at stanford university since july 2010.[4] before that, he served as a professor and director of the international development program at the school of advanced international studies of the johns hopkins university. previously, he was omer l. and nancy hirst professor of public policy at the school of public policy at george mason university.[4] he is a council member of the international forum for democratic studies founded by the national endowment for democracy and was a member of the political science department of the rand corporation.[5] contents 1 early life 2 education 3 writings 3.1 neoconservatism 3.2 fukuyama's current views 4 affiliations 5 personal life 6 see also 7 selected bibliography 7.1 scholarly works (partial list) 7.2 books 7.3 essays 8 see also 9 references 10 external links early life francis fukuyama was born in the hyde park neighborhood of chicago. his paternal grandfather fled the russo-japanese war in 1905 and started a shop on the west coast before being interned in the second world war.[6] his father, yoshio fukuyama, a second-generation japanese american, was trained as a minister in the congregational church, received a doctorate in sociology from the university of chicago, and taught religious studies.[7][8][9] his mother, toshiko kawata fukuyama, was born in kyoto, japan, and was the daughter of shiro kawata, founder of the economics department of kyoto university and first president of osaka city university.[10] francis grew up in manhattan as an only child, had little contact with japanese culture, and did not learn japanese.[7][8] his family moved to state college, pennsylvania in 1967.[10] education fukuyama received his bachelor of arts degree in classics from cornell university, where he studied political philosophy under allan bloom.[8][11] he initially pursued graduate studies in comparative literature at yale university, going to paris for six months to study under roland barthes and jacques derrida, but became disillusioned and switched to political science at harvard university.[8] there, he studied with samuel p. huntington and harvey mansfield, among others. he earned his ph.d. in political science at harvard for his thesis on soviet threats to intervene in the middle east.[8][11] in 1979, he joined the global policy think tank rand corporation.[8] fukuyama lived at the telluride house and has been affiliated with the telluride association since his undergraduate years at cornell, an education enterprise that was home to other significant leaders and intellectuals, including steven weinberg, paul wolfowitz and kathleen sullivan. fukuyama was the omer l. and nancy hirst professor of public policy in the school of public policy at george mason university from 1996 to 2000. until july 10, 2010, he was the bernard l. schwartz professor of international political economy and director of the international development program at the paul h. nitze school of advanced international studies of johns hopkins university in washington, d.c. he is now olivier nomellini senior fellow and resident in the center on democracy, development, and the rule of law at the freeman spogli institute for international studies at stanford university.[11] writings fukuyama is best known as the author of the end of history and the last man, in which he argued that the progression of human history as a struggle between ideologies is largely at an end, with the world settling on liberal democracy after the end of the cold war and the fall of the berlin wall in 1989. fukuyama predicted the eventual global triumph of political and economic liberalism: what we may be witnessing is not just the end of the cold war, or the passing of a particular period of postwar history, but the end of history as such.... that is, the end point of mankind's ideological evolution and the universalization of western liberal democracy as the final form of human government. authors like ralf dahrendorf argued in 1990 that the essay gave fukuyama his 15 minutes of fame, which will be followed by a slide into obscurity.[12][13] he continued to remain a relevant and cited public intellectual leading american communitarian amitai etzioni to declare him "one of the few enduring public intellectuals. they are often media stars who are eaten up and spat out after their 15 minutes. but he has lasted."[14] one of the main reasons for the massive criticism against the end of history was the aggressive stance that it took towards postmodernism. postmodern philosophy had, in fukuyama's opinion, undermined the ideology behind liberal democracy, leaving the western world in a potentially weaker position.[15] the fact that marxism and fascism had been proven untenable for practical use while liberal democracy still thrived was reason enough to embrace the hopeful attitude of the progressive era, as this hope for the future was what made a society worth struggling to maintain. postmodernism, which, by this time, had become embedded in the cultural consciousness, offered no hope and nothing to sustain a necessary sense of community, instead relying only on lofty intellectual premises.[16] being a work that both praised the ideals of a group that had fallen out of favor and challenged the premises of the group that had replaced them, it was bound to create some controversy. fukuyama has written a number of other books, among them trust: the social virtues and the creation of prosperity and our posthuman future: consequences of the biotechnology revolution. in the latter, he qualified his original "end of history" thesis, arguing that since biotechnology increasingly allows humans to control their own evolution, it may allow humans to alter human nature, thereby putting liberal democracy at risk.[17] one possible outcome could be that an altered human nature could end in radical inequality. he is a fierce enemy of transhumanism, an intellectual movement asserting that posthumanity is a desirable goal. in another work, the great disruption: human nature and the reconstruction of social order, fukuyama explores the origins of social norms, and analyses the current disruptions in the fabric of our moral traditions, which he considers as arising from a shift from the manufacturing to the information age. this shift is, he thinks, normal and will prove self-correcting, given the intrinsic human need for social norms and rules. in 2006, in america at the crossroads, fukuyama discusses the history of neoconservatism, with particular focus on its major tenets and political implications. he outlines his rationale for supporting the bush administration, as well as where he believes it has gone wrong. in 2008, fukuyama published the book falling behind: explaining the development gap between latin america and the united states, which resulted from research and a conference funded by grupo mayan to gain understanding on why latin america, once far wealthier than north america, fell behind in terms of development in only a matter of centuries. discussing this book at a 2009 conference, fukuyama outlined his belief that inequality within latin american nations is a key impediment to growth. an unequal distribution of wealth, he stated, leads to social upheaval, which then results in stunted growth.[18] neoconservatism as a key reagan administration contributor to the formulation of the reagan doctrine, fukuyama is an important figure in the rise of neoconservatism, although his works came out years after irving kristol's 1972 book crystallized neoconservatism.[19] fukuyama was active in the project for the new american century think tank starting in 1997, and as a member co-signed the organization's 1998 letter recommending that president bill clinton support iraqi insurgencies in the overthrow of then-president of iraq saddam hussein.[20] he was also among forty co-signers of william kristol's september 20, 2001 letter to president george w. bush after the september 11, 2001 attacks that suggested the u.s. not only "capture or kill osama bin laden", but also embark upon "a determined effort to remove saddam hussein from power in iraq".[21] in a new york times article from february 2006, fukuyama, in considering the ongoing iraq war, stated: "what american foreign policy needs is not a return to a narrow and cynical realism, but rather the formulation of a 'realistic wilsonianism' that better matches means to ends."[22] in regard to neoconservatism he went on to say: "what is needed now are new ideas, neither neoconservative nor realist, for how america is to relate to the rest of the world – ideas that retain the neoconservative belief in the universality of human rights, but without its illusions about the efficacy of american power and hegemony to bring these ends about."[22] fukuyama's current views fukuyama began to distance himself from the neoconservative agenda of the bush administration, citing its excessive militarism and embrace of unilateral armed intervention, particularly in the middle east. by late 2003, fukuyama had voiced his growing opposition to the iraq war[23] and called for donald rumsfeld's resignation as secretary of defense.[24] at an annual dinner of the american enterprise institute in february 2004, dick cheney and charles krauthammer declared the beginning of a unipolar era under american hegemony. "all of these people around me were cheering wildly,"[25] fukuyama remembers. he believes that the iraq war was being blundered. "all of my friends had taken leave of reality."[25] he has not spoken to paul wolfowitz (previously a good friend) since.[25] fukuyama declared he would not be voting for bush,[26] and that the bush administration had made three major mistakes:[citation needed] overstating the threat of radical islam to the us failing to foresee the fierce negative reaction to its "benevolent hegemony". from the very beginning showing a negative attitude toward the united nations and other intergovernmental organizations and not seeing that it would increase anti-americanism in other countries misjudging what was needed to bring peace in iraq and being overly optimistic about the success with which social engineering of western values could be applied to iraq and the middle east in general. fukuyama believes the us has a right to promote its own values in the world, but more along the lines of what he calls "realistic wilsonianism", with military intervention only as a last resort and only in addition to other measures. a latent military force is more likely to have an effect than actual deployment. the us spends 43% of global military spending,[27] but iraq shows there are limits to its effectiveness. the us should instead stimulate political and economic development and gain a better understanding of what happens in other countries. the best instruments are setting a good example and providing education and, in many cases, money. the secret of development, be it political or economic, is that it never comes from outsiders, but always from people in the country itself. one thing the us proved to have excelled in during the aftermath of world war ii was the formation of international institutions. a return to support for these structures would combine american power with international legitimacy. but such measures require a lot of patience. this is the central thesis of his 2006 work america at the crossroads. in a 2006 essay in the new york times magazine strongly critical of the invasion, he identified neoconservatism with leninism. he wrote that neoconservatives:[28] believed that history can be pushed along with the right application of power and will. leninism was a tragedy in its bolshevik version, and it has returned as farce when practiced by the united states. neoconservatism, as both a political symbol and a body of thought, has evolved into something i can no longer support. fukuyama announced the end of the neoconservative moment and argued for the demilitarization of the war on terrorism:[28] [w]ar is the wrong metaphor for the broader struggle, since wars are fought at full intensity and have clear beginnings and endings. meeting the jihadist challenge is more of a "long, twilight struggle" [quoting john f. kennedy's inaugural address] whose core is not a military campaign but a political contest for the hearts and minds of ordinary muslims around the world. fukuyama endorsed barack obama in the 2008 us presidential election. he states:[29] i'm voting for barack obama this november for a very simple reason. it is hard to imagine a more disastrous presidency than that of george w. bush. it was bad enough that he launched an unnecessary war and undermined the standing of the united states throughout the world in his first term. but in the waning days of his administration, he is presiding over a collapse of the american financial system and broader economy that will have consequences for years to come. as a general rule, democracies don't work well if voters do not hold political parties accountable for failure. while john mccain is trying desperately to pretend that he never had anything to do with the republican party, i think it would be a travesty to reward the republicans for failure on such a grand scale. affiliations between 2006 and 2008, fukuyama advised muammar gaddafi as part of the monitor group, a consultancy firm based in cambridge, ma.[30] in august 2005, fukuyama co-founded the american interest, a quarterly magazine devoted to the broad theme of "america in the world". he is currently chairman of the editorial board.[11] fukuyama was a member of the rand corporation's political science department from 1979 to 1980, 1983 to 1989, and 1995 to 1996. he is now a member of the board of trustees.[11] fukuyama was a member of the president's council on bioethics from 2001 to 2004.[11] fukuyama is a fellow of the world academy of art and science (waas). fukuyama is on the steering committee for the scooter libby legal defense trust.[31] fukuyama is a long-time friend of libby. they served together in the state department in the 1980s. fukuyama is a member of the board of counselors for the pyle center of northeast asian studies at the national bureau of asian research.[32] fukuyama is on the board of global financial integrity. fukuyama is on the executive board of the inter-american dialogue. personal life fukuyama is a part-time photographer. he also has a keen interest in early-american furniture, which he reproduces by hand.[33] he is keenly interested in sound recording and reproduction, saying, "these days i seem to spend as much time thinking about gear as i do analyzing politics for my day job."[25] fukuyama is married to laura holmgren, whom he met when she was a ucla graduate student after he started working for the rand corporation.[8][11] he dedicated his book trust: the social virtues and the creation of prosperity to her. they live in california, with their three children, julia, david, and john away in school. see also daniel bell selected bibliography scholarly works (partial list) the soviet union and iraq since 1968, rand research report, 1980 books the end of history and the last man. free press, 1992. isbn 0-02-910975-2 trust: the social virtues and the creation of prosperity. free press, 1995. isbn 0-02-910976-0 the great disruption: human nature and the reconstitution of social order. free press. 1999. isbn 0-684-84530-x our posthuman future: consequences of the biotechnology revolution. new york, ny: farrar, straus and giroux. 2002. isbn 0-374-23643-7 state-building: governance and world order in the 21st century. ithaca, ny: cornell university press. 2004. isbn 0-8014-4292-3 america at the crossroads: democracy, power, and the neoconservative legacy. new haven, ct: yale university press. 2006. isbn 0-300-11399-4 us edition after the neo cons: where the right went wrong. london: profile books. 2006. isbn 1-86197-922-3 uk edition falling behind: explaining the development gap between latin america and the united states (editor). new york, ny: oxford university press. 2008. isbn 978-0-19-536882-6 the origins of political order. new york, ny: farrar, straus and giroux. 2011. isbn 978-1-846-68256-8 political order and political decay: from the industrial revolution to the globalization of democracy. new york: farrar, straus and giroux. 2014. isbn 978-0-374-22735-7 essays the end of history?, the national interest, summer 1989 women and the evolution of world politics, foreign affairs october 1998 immigrants and family values, the immigration reader 1998. isbn 1-55786-916-2 human nature and the reconstruction of social order, the atlantic monthly, may 1999 social capital and civil society, paper prepared for delivery at the international monetary fund conference on second generation reforms, october 1, 1999 the neoconservative moment, the national interest, summer 2004 after neoconservatism, the new york times magazine, february 19, 2006 supporter's voice now turns on bush, the new york times magazine, march 14, 2006 why shouldn't i change my mind?, los angeles times, april 9, 2006 the fall of america, inc. newsweek, october 13, 2008 the new nationalism and the strategic architecture of northeast asia asia policy january 2007 left out, the american interest, january 2011 is china next?, the wall street journal, march 12, 2011 the future of history; can liberal democracy survive the decline of the middle class?, foreign affairs, january/february 2012 what is governance? governance (journal), march 2013

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because during discharge there is no doership it [the discharge] occurs automatically but because he [the ego] has a habit, he believes [he is the doer] it is his belief, he only just believes [in reality] he doesn't do anything and because this belief arose, then something new starts we don't have anything new arising

Hindi

क्योंकि डिस्चार्ज के टाइम कर्तापन है ही नहीं ऑटोमेटिक हो ही रहा है। आपको आदत पड़ गई है इसलिए आप मानते हो। मान्यता के कारण सिर्फ मानता है कुछ करता नहीं है। मान्यता खड़ी हुई इसलिए फिर नया शुरू। आपको नया खड़ा नहीं होता लेकिन जो डिस्चार्ज में आया वह खत्म नहीं हो जाता। उसे आधार मिलता है, मैं करता हूँ का आधार मिलता है। उस आधार से वह टिका हुआ है, कन्टिन्यू रहता है डिस्चार्ज होते-होते, भरा हुआ माल डिस्चार्ज हो रहा होता है उसे खुद का माल है और "मैं करता हूँ" उससे उसे आधार मिलता है इसलिए वह खाली नहीं हो जाता और लंबे समय के लिए चलता है। जहाँ आपको एक्ज़ेक्ट अलग है ऐसा ध्यान में आ जाए तो उसे आधार नहीं मिलता इसलिए उसे खाली होना ही पड़ता है।

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because during discharge there is no doership it [the discharge] occurs automatically but because he [the ego] has a habit, he believes [he is the doer] it is his belief, he only just believes [in reality] he doesn't do anything and because this belief arose, then something new starts we don't have anything new arising

Hindi

क्योंकि डिस्चार्ज के टाइम कर्तापन है ही नहीं ऑटोमेटिक हो ही रहा है। आपको आदत पड़ गई है इसलिए आप मानते हो। मान्यता के कारण सिर्फ मानता है कुछ करता नहीं है। मान्यता खड़ी हुई इसलिए फिर नया शुरू। आपको नया खड़ा नहीं होता लेकिन जो डिस्चार्ज में आया वह खत्म नहीं हो जाता। उसे आधार मिलता है, मैं करता हूँ का आधार मिलता है। उस आधार से वह टिका हुआ है, कन्टिन्यू रहता है डिस्चार्ज होते-होते, भरा हुआ माल डिस्चार्ज हो रहा होता है उसे खुद का माल है और "मैं करता हूँ" उससे उसे आधार मिलता है इसलिए वह खाली नहीं हो जाता और लंबे समय के लिए चलता है। जहाँ आपको एक्ज़ेक्ट अलग है ऐसा ध्यान में आ जाए तो उसे आधार नहीं मिलता इसलिए उसे खाली होना ही पड़ता है।

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Inglês

because during discharge there is no doership it [the discharge] occurs automatically but because he [the ego] has a habit, he believes [he is the doer] it is his belief, he only just believes [in reality] he doesn't do anything and because this belief arose, then something new starts we don't have anything new arising

Hindi

क्योंकि डिस्चार्ज के टाइम कर्तापन है ही नहीं ऑटोमेटिक हो ही रहा है। आपको आदत पड़ गई है इसलिए आप मानते हो। मान्यता के कारण सिर्फ मानता है कुछ करता नहीं है। मान्यता खड़ी हुई इसलिए फिर नया शुरू। आपको नया खड़ा नहीं होता लेकिन जो डिस्चार्ज में आया वह खत्म नहीं हो जाता। उसे आधार मिलता है, मैं करता हूँ का आधार मिलता है। उस आधार से वह टिका हुआ है, कन्टिन्यू रहता है डिस्चार्ज होते-होते, भरा हुआ माल डिस्चार्ज हो रहा होता है उसे खुद का माल है और "मैं करता हूँ" उससे उसे आधार मिलता है इसलिए वह खाली नहीं हो जाता और लंबे समय के लिए चलता है। जहाँ आपको एक्ज़ेक्ट अलग है ऐसा ध्यान में आ जाए तो उसे आधार नहीं मिलता इसलिए उसे खाली होना ही पड़ता है।

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Inglês

because during discharge there is no doership it [the discharge] occurs automatically but because he [the ego] has a habit, he believes [he is the doer] it is his belief, he only just believes [in reality] he doesn't do anything and because this belief arose, then something new starts we don't have anything new arising

Hindi

क्योंकि डिस्चार्ज के टाइम कर्तापन है ही नहीं ऑटोमेटिक हो ही रहा है। आपको आदत पड़ गई है इसलिए आप मानते हो। मान्यता के कारण सिर्फ मानता है कुछ करता नहीं है। मान्यता खड़ी हुई इसलिए फिर नया शुरू। आपको नया खड़ा नहीं होता लेकिन जो डिस्चार्ज में आया वह खत्म नहीं हो जाता। उसे आधार मिलता है, मैं करता हूँ का आधार मिलता है। उस आधार से वह टिका हुआ है, कन्टिन्यू रहता है डिस्चार्ज होते-होते, भरा हुआ माल डिस्चार्ज हो रहा होता है उसे खुद का माल है और "मैं करता हूँ" उससे उसे आधार मिलता है इसलिए वह खाली नहीं हो जाता और लंबे समय के लिए चलता है। जहाँ आपको एक्ज़ेक्ट अलग है ऐसा ध्यान में आ जाए तो उसे आधार नहीं मिलता इसलिए उसे खाली होना ही पड़ता है।

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Inglês

god there is no god but he , the living , the everlasting . slumber seizes him not , neither sleep ; to him belongs all that is in the heavens and the earth . who is there that shall intercede with him save by his leave ? he knows what lies before them and what is after them , and they comprehend not anything of his knowledge save such as he wills . his throne comprises the heavens and earth ; the preserving of them oppresses him not ; he is the all - high , the all - glorious .

Hindi

अल्लाह कि जिसके सिवा कोई पूज्य - प्रभु नहीं , वह जीवन्त - सत्ता है , सबको सँभालने और क़ायम रखनेवाला है । उसे न ऊँघ लगती है और न निद्रा । उसी का है जो कुछ आकाशों में है और जो कुछ धरती में है । कौन है जो उसके यहाँ उसकी अनुमति के बिना सिफ़ारिश कर सके ? वह जानता है जो कुछ उनके आगे है और जो कुछ उनके पीछे है । और वे उसके ज्ञान में से किसी चीज़ पर हावी नहीं हो सकते , सिवाय उसके जो उसने चाहा । उसकी कुर्सी आकाशों और धरती को व्याप्त है और उनकी सुरक्षा उसके लिए तनिक भी भारी नहीं और वह उच्च , महान है

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Inglês

god there is no god but he , the living , the everlasting . slumber seizes him not , neither sleep ; to him belongs all that is in the heavens and the earth . who is there that shall intercede with him save by his leave ? he knows what lies before them and what is after them , and they comprehend not anything of his knowledge save such as he wills . his throne comprises the heavens and earth ; the preserving of them oppresses him not ; he is the all - high , the all - glorious .

Hindi

ख़ुदा ही वो ज़ाते पाक है कि उसके सिवा कोई माबूद नहीं ज़िन्दा है सारे जहान का संभालने वाला है उसको न ऊँघ आती है न नींद जो कुछ आसमानो में है और जो कुछ ज़मीन में है उसी का है कौन ऐसा है जो बग़ैर उसकी इजाज़त के उसके पास किसी की सिफ़ारिश करे जो कुछ उनके सामने मौजूद है और जो कुछ उनके पीछे है जानता है और लोग उसके इल्म में से किसी चीज़ पर भी अहाता नहीं कर सकते मगर वह जिसे जितना चाहे उसकी कुर्सी सब आसमानॊं और ज़मीनों को घेरे हुये है और उन दोनों की निगेहदाश्त उसपर कुछ भी मुश्किल नहीं और वह आलीशान बुजुर्ग़ मरतबा है

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Inglês

you concede that now the park isn't moving in a circle dr humans exerting a force to keep it moving in the circle and you can see this from the fact that the rubber ring is extended heat is exerting the center of the billboards and this is the only horizontal force acting on the part but not let's look at it again from his point of view in the rotating system he is exerting a force towards the center of the table and yet the puck is standing still produced more or less taylor some vibration how he believes in a lot of inertia so he thinks there's and equal parts on the part away from the center of the table so that there is no unbalanced boring this outward force in the pocket the fictitious sports in this case sometimes it's called the centrifugal force in the pics reference frame there is no award boris on the path now suppose the doctor doom stops exerting a barge watch the pot in the picture frame of reference the puck moves off in a straight line there's no no unbalanced boris acting on it now let's look at it again from his point of view in the rotating system when he releases the proc which to him was everest it mood the force away from the sender is now on unbalanced part on the talked to him the outward course on the part is fictitious in our food frame of reference it doesn't think that's but the doctor whom in the accelerated frame of reference it's a perfectly real force i hope by now doctor i do not have convinced you the rotating frame of reference is not in their shel frame for you've all been told that the hurt it's rotating abode of taxes and that also it travels in a nearly circular orbit around the time why then do we find in a frame of reference attached securely to the earth but the law of inertia seems to hold why don't we observed fictitious forces the five of the fictitious forces which we have to introduce in a non initial frame depends upon the acceleration of the frame these smaller the acceleration is v smaller the fictitious forces that we introduced here's a frame of reference attached to the equator of the car the acceleration of this frame is really very small because bearded spinning about it axis it has an acceleration directly inward app three d_ one hundred of a major per second square on they one kilogram at the equator their is the fictitious for us directly upwards out three one hundred but this is not by gravity which is a port downward of nine point eight new so the net downward force is smaller than that of gravity alone if i've dropped av one kilogram at the equator the acceleration would be slightly smaller than that due to gravity alone very much now the acceleration of the car in its orbit is even smaller still and produces even smaller affect in our frame of reference mike said that the earth was rotating abode faxes how do we know but this is slow well if you take a time exposure photograph of the stars they seem to be moving in circles a both p pole star but all motion is relative is there any way of telling which is moving or the stars the fact that it is because which is rotating can be demonstrated by means of the pendulum if i've got a pendulum swinging its wings back-and-forth in a plane though it turns out is this pendulum with the north pole of the art the plane of swing would remain fixed relative to the stars but would rotate relative now i'll have to show you what i need this pendulum is epicenter how this turntable which will represent europe no i was about the cable turning around in this direction i'll put a black arrow on so that you'll remember but the rotation the pendulum is that the north pole of the earth annuals motion as you ordinarily do standing on the earth the playing of swing rotates in the opposite direction from the rotation of the turntable and that exactly the same rate now look at it from the fixed cabral which will represent the frame of the stars the turntable the alert rotate but the plane of the pendulum remain specs a pendulum used for this purpose because approval pendulum use tommy dot wong at the beginning of this film let's look back again now the focal pendulum dropped slammed as its wings i think you can see the paint line where the planned trail began the amplitude upswing is decreasing the famed trail is not long now but the important thing to speak is that the plane upswing has been rotating during the half hour that we've been talking to you an inertial frame of reference is one in which the alarm inner cities without all frames of reference moving at a constant velocity with respect to an inertial frame are also inertial frame we use the word as an inertial frame of reference but it is only approximately one a small acceleration with respect to the stars for example the frame of reference other stars is the best we can do when we look for a frame of reference which is for all practical purposes bextra accelerated frame of reference is not a member shall frame and when we are in an accelerated frame we have to introduce forces which we called fictitious forces in order that the law of inertia and the other laws of physics don't change

Hindi

आप मानते हैं कि अब पार्क एक सर्कल में नहीं बढ़ रहा है डॉ. मनुष्य एक बल exerting यह चक्र में चल रखने के लिए और आप देख सकते हैं इस तथ्य से है कि रबर की अंगूठी विस्तारित गर्मी होर्डिंग के केंद्र exerting है और यह केवल क्षैतिज भाग पर अभिनय बल है लेकिन हम नहीं इसे फिर से देखो घूर्णन प्रणाली में अपने की दृष्टि से वह तालिका के केंद्र की ओर एक बल exerting है और अभी तक पक अभी भी खड़ा है उत्पादित अधिक या कम टेलर कुछ कंपन कैसे वह जड़ता का एक बहुत में विश्वास तो वह सोचता है कि वहाँ है और बराबर भागों के केंद्र से दूर भाग पर ताकि कोई असंतुलित उबाऊ है तालिका जेब में इस जावक बल इस मामले में फर्जी खेल कभी कभी यह कहा जाता है अपकेन्द्री शक्ति pics संदर्भ फ्रेम में पथ पर कोई पुरस्कार boris है अब लगता है कि डॉक्टर कयामत exerting एक बजरा पॉट घड़ी बंद हो जाता है तस्वीर फ्रेम के संदर्भ में पक एक सीधी रेखा में कदम वहाँ कोई नहीं है असंतुलित boris पर अभिनय अब हम यह देखने की अपनी बात से फिर से देखने घूर्णन प्रणाली में जब वह उसे करने के लिए proc विज्ञप्ति जो एवरेस्ट था यह मूड प्रेषक से दूर बल असंतुलित भाग पर अब उससे बात की है भाग पर जावक पाठ्यक्रम काल्पनिक है हमारे संदर्भ के भोजन फ्रेम में यह नहीं सोचती कि है लेकिन डॉक्टर जिसे संदर्भ के त्वरित फ्रेम में यह बिल्कुल असली है मजबूर मैं अब तक आशा डॉक्टर मैं आप आश्वस्त नहीं हैं संदर्भ के घूर्णन फ्रेम उनके shel फ्रेम में नहीं है के लिए आप सभी से कहा गया है कि चोट यह करों के निवास घूर्णन है और भी है कि यह एक लगभग वृत्ताकार कक्षा में यात्रा समय के आसपास तो हम क्यों संलग्न संदर्भ के एक फ्रेम में मिल रहा है सुरक्षित पृथ्वी लेकिन जड़ता के कानून पकड़ रहा है हम क्यों नहीं मनाया करते हैं काल्पनिक बलों काल्पनिक बलों जो हम शुरू के पांच एक गैर प्रारंभिक फ्रेम में फ्रेम के त्वरण पर निर्भर करता है छोटे इन त्वरण है छोटे काल्पनिक बलों है कि हम शुरू v यहाँ संदर्भ के फ्रेम संलग्न है कार की भूमध्य रेखा के लिए इस फ्रेम के त्वरण वास्तव में बहुत छोटा है क्योंकि इसके बारे में दाढ़ी वाले कताई अक्ष यह एक सीधे तीन app आवक त्वरण d_ एक सौ प्रति सेकेंड वर्ग एक प्रमुख वे एक किलोग्राम पर भूमध्य रेखा पर हमारे लिए उनके काल्पनिक है सीधे एक सौ तीन के बाहर ऊपर लेकिन इस गंभीरता से जो नौ बिंदु के आठ नए नीचे पोर्ट है तो शुद्ध नीचे बल अकेले गुरुत्वाकर्षण की तुलना में छोटी है अगर मैं गिरा दिया है भूमध्य रेखा पर एक किलोग्राम av त्वरण है कि तुलना में थोड़ा छोटा होगा गुरुत्वाकर्षण के कारण अकेला बहुत बहुत अब कार के त्वरण अपनी कक्षा में भी छोटे अभी भी है और भी छोटे प्रभावित का उत्पादन हमारे संदर्भ के फ्रेम में माइक ने कहा कि पृथ्वी के निवास फैक्स rotating था लेकिन हम कैसे पता है कि यह धीमी है अगर आप अच्छी तरह सितारों की एक बार जोखिम तस्वीर लेने वे हलकों में आगे बढ़ जा रहे हैं एक दोनों पी पदप्रदर्शक लेकिन सभी प्रस्ताव रिश्तेदार है वहाँ बताने का जो किसी भी तरह से बढ़ रहा है या सितारों तथ्य यह है कि यह है, क्योंकि जो घूर्णन है पेंडुलम के माध्यम से प्रदर्शन किया जा सकता है अगर मैं एक पेंडुलम झूलते अपने पंख मिल गया है पीछे और आगे एक विमान में हालांकि यह पता चला है इस पेंडुलम झूले की कला के उत्तरी ध्रुव के साथ विमान रहना होगा निश्चित रिश्तेदार सितारों के लिए बारी बारी से होता है लेकिन सापेक्ष अब मैं तुम्हें दिखाने के लिए होगा मैं क्या जरूरत है इस पेंडुलम उपरिकेंद्र कैसे इस turntable जो यूरोप का प्रतिनिधित्व करेंगे नहीं, मैं इस बारे में इस दिशा में चारों ओर घूम केबल था मैं पर एक काला तीर डाल देता हूँ इसलिए है कि आपको याद होगा लेकिन रोटेशन पेंडुलम है कि पृथ्वी का उत्तरी ध्रुव वार्षिक गति के रूप में आप आमतौर पर करते हैं पृथ्वी पर खड़े झूले के खेल के रोटेशन से विपरीत दिशा में घूमता है turntable और है कि वास्तव में एक ही दर अब निश्चित cabral से यह देखो जो के फ्रेम का प्रतिनिधित्व करेंगे सितारों turntable चेतावनी बारी बारी से लेकिन पेंडुलम की विमान चश्मा रहते हैं एक पेंडुलम इस उद्देश्य के लिए इस्तेमाल किया क्योंकि अनुमोदन पेंडुलम इस फिल्म की शुरुआत में टॉमी डॉट wong चलो फिर से वापस अब देखो फोकल पेंडुलम अपने पंख के रूप में पटक दिया गिरा मुझे लगता है कि आप देख सकते हैं रंग लाइन जहां योजना बनाई निशान शुरू आयाम अभ्युत्थान कम है प्रसिद्ध निशान लंबे समय अब ​​नहीं है लेकिन महत्वपूर्ण बात यह बात करने के लिए है कि विमान तेजी से बढ़ आधे घंटे के दौरान किया गया घूर्णन है कि हम आप के लिए बात कर रहा हूँ संदर्भ का एक inertial फ्रेम एक अलार्म भीतरी शहरों में जो बिना संदर्भ के सभी फ्रेम करने के लिए सम्मान के साथ एक एक निरंतर वेग से आगे बढ़ inertial फ्रेम भी हैं inertial फ्रेम हम शब्द का प्रयोग संदर्भ के एक inertial फ्रेम के रूप में है, लेकिन यह केवल लगभग एक है उदाहरण के लिए सितारों के लिए सम्मान के साथ एक छोटे से त्वरण संदर्भ अन्य सितारों के फ्रेम सबसे अच्छा हम क्या कर सकते है जब हम एक के लिए देखो संदर्भ के फ्रेम जो सभी व्यावहारिक उद्देश्यों के लिए है bextra संदर्भ के त्वरित फ्रेम नहीं है एक सदस्य फ्रेम करेगा और जब हम एक त्वरित फ्रेम में हैं हम बलों परिचय जो हम काल्पनिक बलों को बुलाया आदेश में कहा कि जड़ता और भौतिकी के अन्य कानूनों के कानून बदलने के लिए नहीं है

Última atualização: 2019-07-06
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you concede that now the park isn't moving in a circle dr humans exerting a force to keep it moving in the circle and you can see this from the fact that the rubber ring is extended heat is exerting the center of the billboards and this is the only horizontal force acting on the part but not let's look at it again from his point of view in the rotating system he is exerting a force towards the center of the table and yet the puck is standing still produced more or less taylor some vibration how he believes in a lot of inertia so he thinks there's and equal parts on the part away from the center of the table so that there is no unbalanced boring this outward force in the pocket the fictitious sports in this case sometimes it's called the centrifugal force in the pics reference frame there is no award boris on the path now suppose the doctor doom stops exerting a barge watch the pot in the picture frame of reference the puck moves off in a straight line there's no no unbalanced boris acting on it now let's look at it again from his point of view in the rotating system when he releases the proc which to him was everest it mood the force away from the sender is now on unbalanced part on the talked to him the outward course on the part is fictitious in our food frame of reference it doesn't think that's but the doctor whom in the accelerated frame of reference it's a perfectly real force i hope by now doctor i do not have convinced you the rotating frame of reference is not in their shel frame for you've all been told that the hurt it's rotating abode of taxes and that also it travels in a nearly circular orbit around the time why then do we find in a frame of reference attached securely to the earth but the law of inertia seems to hold why don't we observed fictitious forces the five of the fictitious forces which we have to introduce in a non initial frame depends upon the acceleration of the frame these smaller the acceleration is v smaller the fictitious forces that we introduced here's a frame of reference attached to the equator of the car the acceleration of this frame is really very small because bearded spinning about it axis it has an acceleration directly inward app three d_ one hundred of a major per second square on they one kilogram at the equator their is the fictitious for us directly upwards out three one hundred but this is not by gravity which is a port downward of nine point eight new so the net downward force is smaller than that of gravity alone if i've dropped av one kilogram at the equator the acceleration would be slightly smaller than that due to gravity alone very much now the acceleration of the car in its orbit is even smaller still and produces even smaller affect in our frame of reference mike said that the earth was rotating abode faxes how do we know but this is slow well if you take a time exposure photograph of the stars they seem to be moving in circles a both p pole star but all motion is relative is there any way of telling which is moving or the stars the fact that it is because which is rotating can be demonstrated by means of the pendulum if i've got a pendulum swinging its wings back-and-forth in a plane though it turns out is this pendulum with the north pole of the art the plane of swing would remain fixed relative to the stars but would rotate relative now i'll have to show you what i need this pendulum is epicenter how this turntable which will represent europe no i was about the cable turning around in this direction i'll put a black arrow on so that you'll remember but the rotation the pendulum is that the north pole of the earth annuals motion as you ordinarily do standing on the earth the playing of swing rotates in the opposite direction from the rotation of the turntable and that exactly the same rate now look at it from the fixed cabral which will represent the frame of the stars the turntable the alert rotate but the plane of the pendulum remain specs a pendulum used for this purpose because approval pendulum use tommy dot wong at the beginning of this film let's look back again now the focal pendulum dropped slammed as its wings i think you can see the paint line where the planned trail began the amplitude upswing is decreasing the famed trail is not long now but the important thing to speak is that the plane upswing has been rotating during the half hour that we've been talking to you an inertial frame of reference is one in which the alarm inner cities without all frames of reference moving at a constant velocity with respect to an inertial frame are also inertial frame we use the word as an inertial frame of reference but it is only approximately one a small acceleration with respect to the stars for example the frame of reference other stars is the best we can do when we look for a frame of reference which is for all practical purposes bextra accelerated frame of reference is not a member shall frame and when we are in an accelerated frame we have to introduce forces which we called fictitious forces in order that the law of inertia and the other laws of physics don't change

Hindi

आप मानते हैं कि अब पार्क एक सर्कल में नहीं बढ़ रहा है डॉ. मनुष्य एक बल exerting यह चक्र में चल रखने के लिए और आप देख सकते हैं इस तथ्य से है कि रबर की अंगूठी विस्तारित गर्मी होर्डिंग के केंद्र exerting है और यह केवल क्षैतिज भाग पर अभिनय बल है लेकिन हम नहीं इसे फिर से देखो घूर्णन प्रणाली में अपने की दृष्टि से वह तालिका के केंद्र की ओर एक बल exerting है और अभी तक पक अभी भी खड़ा है उत्पादित अधिक या कम टेलर कुछ कंपन कैसे वह जड़ता का एक बहुत में विश्वास तो वह सोचता है कि वहाँ है और बराबर भागों के केंद्र से दूर भाग पर ताकि कोई असंतुलित उबाऊ है तालिका जेब में इस जावक बल इस मामले में फर्जी खेल कभी कभी यह कहा जाता है अपकेन्द्री शक्ति pics संदर्भ फ्रेम में पथ पर कोई पुरस्कार boris है अब लगता है कि डॉक्टर कयामत exerting एक बजरा पॉट घड़ी बंद हो जाता है तस्वीर फ्रेम के संदर्भ में पक एक सीधी रेखा में कदम वहाँ कोई नहीं है असंतुलित boris पर अभिनय अब हम यह देखने की अपनी बात से फिर से देखने घूर्णन प्रणाली में जब वह उसे करने के लिए proc विज्ञप्ति जो एवरेस्ट था यह मूड प्रेषक से दूर बल असंतुलित भाग पर अब उससे बात की है भाग पर जावक पाठ्यक्रम काल्पनिक है हमारे संदर्भ के भोजन फ्रेम में यह नहीं सोचती कि है लेकिन डॉक्टर जिसे संदर्भ के त्वरित फ्रेम में यह बिल्कुल असली है मजबूर मैं अब तक आशा डॉक्टर मैं आप आश्वस्त नहीं हैं संदर्भ के घूर्णन फ्रेम उनके shel फ्रेम में नहीं है के लिए आप सभी से कहा गया है कि चोट यह करों के निवास घूर्णन है और भी है कि यह एक लगभग वृत्ताकार कक्षा में यात्रा समय के आसपास तो हम क्यों संलग्न संदर्भ के एक फ्रेम में मिल रहा है सुरक्षित पृथ्वी लेकिन जड़ता के कानून पकड़ रहा है हम क्यों नहीं मनाया करते हैं काल्पनिक बलों काल्पनिक बलों जो हम शुरू के पांच एक गैर प्रारंभिक फ्रेम में फ्रेम के त्वरण पर निर्भर करता है छोटे इन त्वरण है छोटे काल्पनिक बलों है कि हम शुरू v यहाँ संदर्भ के फ्रेम संलग्न है कार की भूमध्य रेखा के लिए इस फ्रेम के त्वरण वास्तव में बहुत छोटा है क्योंकि इसके बारे में दाढ़ी वाले कताई अक्ष यह एक सीधे तीन app आवक त्वरण d_ एक सौ प्रति सेकेंड वर्ग एक प्रमुख वे एक किलोग्राम पर भूमध्य रेखा पर हमारे लिए उनके काल्पनिक है सीधे एक सौ तीन के बाहर ऊपर लेकिन इस गंभीरता से जो नौ बिंदु के आठ नए नीचे पोर्ट है तो शुद्ध नीचे बल अकेले गुरुत्वाकर्षण की तुलना में छोटी है अगर मैं गिरा दिया है भूमध्य रेखा पर एक किलोग्राम av त्वरण है कि तुलना में थोड़ा छोटा होगा गुरुत्वाकर्षण के कारण अकेला बहुत बहुत अब कार के त्वरण अपनी कक्षा में भी छोटे अभी भी है और भी छोटे प्रभावित का उत्पादन हमारे संदर्भ के फ्रेम में माइक ने कहा कि पृथ्वी के निवास फैक्स rotating था लेकिन हम कैसे पता है कि यह धीमी है अगर आप अच्छी तरह सितारों की एक बार जोखिम तस्वीर लेने वे हलकों में आगे बढ़ जा रहे हैं एक दोनों पी पदप्रदर्शक लेकिन सभी प्रस्ताव रिश्तेदार है वहाँ बताने का जो किसी भी तरह से बढ़ रहा है या सितारों तथ्य यह है कि यह है, क्योंकि जो घूर्णन है पेंडुलम के माध्यम से प्रदर्शन किया जा सकता है अगर मैं एक पेंडुलम झूलते अपने पंख मिल गया है पीछे और आगे एक विमान में हालांकि यह पता चला है इस पेंडुलम झूले की कला के उत्तरी ध्रुव के साथ विमान रहना होगा निश्चित रिश्तेदार सितारों के लिए बारी बारी से होता है लेकिन सापेक्ष अब मैं तुम्हें दिखाने के लिए होगा मैं क्या जरूरत है इस पेंडुलम उपरिकेंद्र कैसे इस turntable जो यूरोप का प्रतिनिधित्व करेंगे नहीं, मैं इस बारे में इस दिशा में चारों ओर घूम केबल था मैं पर एक काला तीर डाल देता हूँ इसलिए है कि आपको याद होगा लेकिन रोटेशन पेंडुलम है कि पृथ्वी का उत्तरी ध्रुव वार्षिक गति के रूप में आप आमतौर पर करते हैं पृथ्वी पर खड़े झूले के खेल के रोटेशन से विपरीत दिशा में घूमता है turntable और है कि वास्तव में एक ही दर अब निश्चित cabral से यह देखो जो के फ्रेम का प्रतिनिधित्व करेंगे सितारों turntable चेतावनी बारी बारी से लेकिन पेंडुलम की विमान चश्मा रहते हैं एक पेंडुलम इस उद्देश्य के लिए इस्तेमाल किया क्योंकि अनुमोदन पेंडुलम इस फिल्म की शुरुआत में टॉमी डॉट wong चलो फिर से वापस अब देखो फोकल पेंडुलम अपने पंख के रूप में पटक दिया गिरा मुझे लगता है कि आप देख सकते हैं रंग लाइन जहां योजना बनाई निशान शुरू आयाम अभ्युत्थान कम है प्रसिद्ध निशान लंबे समय अब ​​नहीं है लेकिन महत्वपूर्ण बात यह बात करने के लिए है कि विमान तेजी से बढ़ आधे घंटे के दौरान किया गया घूर्णन है कि हम आप के लिए बात कर रहा हूँ संदर्भ का एक inertial फ्रेम एक अलार्म भीतरी शहरों में जो बिना संदर्भ के सभी फ्रेम करने के लिए सम्मान के साथ एक एक निरंतर वेग से आगे बढ़ inertial फ्रेम भी हैं inertial फ्रेम हम शब्द का प्रयोग संदर्भ के एक inertial फ्रेम के रूप में है, लेकिन यह केवल लगभग एक है उदाहरण के लिए सितारों के लिए सम्मान के साथ एक छोटे से त्वरण संदर्भ अन्य सितारों के फ्रेम सबसे अच्छा हम क्या कर सकते है जब हम एक के लिए देखो संदर्भ के फ्रेम जो सभी व्यावहारिक उद्देश्यों के लिए है bextra संदर्भ के त्वरित फ्रेम नहीं है एक सदस्य फ्रेम करेगा और जब हम एक त्वरित फ्रेम में हैं हम बलों परिचय जो हम काल्पनिक बलों को बुलाया आदेश में कहा कि जड़ता और भौतिकी के अन्य कानूनों के कानून बदलने के लिए नहीं है

Última atualização: 2019-07-06
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you concede that now the park isn't moving in a circle dr humans exerting a force to keep it moving in the circle and you can see this from the fact that the rubber ring is extended heat is exerting the center of the billboards and this is the only horizontal force acting on the part but not let's look at it again from his point of view in the rotating system he is exerting a force towards the center of the table and yet the puck is standing still produced more or less taylor some vibration how he believes in a lot of inertia so he thinks there's and equal parts on the part away from the center of the table so that there is no unbalanced boring this outward force in the pocket the fictitious sports in this case sometimes it's called the centrifugal force in the pics reference frame there is no award boris on the path now suppose the doctor doom stops exerting a barge watch the pot in the picture frame of reference the puck moves off in a straight line there's no no unbalanced boris acting on it now let's look at it again from his point of view in the rotating system when he releases the proc which to him was everest it mood the force away from the sender is now on unbalanced part on the talked to him the outward course on the part is fictitious in our food frame of reference it doesn't think that's but the doctor whom in the accelerated frame of reference it's a perfectly real force i hope by now doctor i do not have convinced you the rotating frame of reference is not in their shel frame for you've all been told that the hurt it's rotating abode of taxes and that also it travels in a nearly circular orbit around the time why then do we find in a frame of reference attached securely to the earth but the law of inertia seems to hold why don't we observed fictitious forces the five of the fictitious forces which we have to introduce in a non initial frame depends upon the acceleration of the frame these smaller the acceleration is v smaller the fictitious forces that we introduced here's a frame of reference attached to the equator of the car the acceleration of this frame is really very small because bearded spinning about it axis it has an acceleration directly inward app three d_ one hundred of a major per second square on they one kilogram at the equator their is the fictitious for us directly upwards out three one hundred but this is not by gravity which is a port downward of nine point eight new so the net downward force is smaller than that of gravity alone if i've dropped av one kilogram at the equator the acceleration would be slightly smaller than that due to gravity alone very much now the acceleration of the car in its orbit is even smaller still and produces even smaller affect in our frame of reference mike said that the earth was rotating abode faxes how do we know but this is slow well if you take a time exposure photograph of the stars they seem to be moving in circles a both p pole star but all motion is relative is there any way of telling which is moving or the stars the fact that it is because which is rotating can be demonstrated by means of the pendulum if i've got a pendulum swinging its wings back-and-forth in a plane though it turns out is this pendulum with the north pole of the art the plane of swing would remain fixed relative to the stars but would rotate relative now i'll have to show you what i need this pendulum is epicenter how this turntable which will represent europe no i was about the cable turning around in this direction i'll put a black arrow on so that you'll remember but the rotation the pendulum is that the north pole of the earth annuals motion as you ordinarily do standing on the earth the playing of swing rotates in the opposite direction from the rotation of the turntable and that exactly the same rate now look at it from the fixed cabral which will represent the frame of the stars the turntable the alert rotate but the plane of the pendulum remain specs a pendulum used for this purpose because approval pendulum use tommy dot wong at the beginning of this film let's look back again now the focal pendulum dropped slammed as its wings i think you can see the paint line where the planned trail began the amplitude upswing is decreasing the famed trail is not long now but the important thing to speak is that the plane upswing has been rotating during the half hour that we've been talking to you an inertial frame of reference is one in which the alarm inner cities without all frames of reference moving at a constant velocity with respect to an inertial frame are also inertial frame we use the word as an inertial frame of reference but it is only approximately one a small acceleration with respect to the stars for example the frame of reference other stars is the best we can do when we look for a frame of reference which is for all practical purposes bextra accelerated frame of reference is not a member shall frame and when we are in an accelerated frame we have to introduce forces which we called fictitious forces in order that the law of inertia and the other laws of physics don't change

Hindi

आप मानते हैं कि अब पार्क एक सर्कल में नहीं बढ़ रहा है डॉ. मनुष्य एक बल exerting यह चक्र में चल रखने के लिए और आप देख सकते हैं इस तथ्य से है कि रबर की अंगूठी विस्तारित गर्मी होर्डिंग के केंद्र exerting है और यह केवल क्षैतिज भाग पर अभिनय बल है लेकिन हम नहीं इसे फिर से देखो घूर्णन प्रणाली में अपने की दृष्टि से वह तालिका के केंद्र की ओर एक बल exerting है और अभी तक पक अभी भी खड़ा है उत्पादित अधिक या कम टेलर कुछ कंपन कैसे वह जड़ता का एक बहुत में विश्वास तो वह सोचता है कि वहाँ है और बराबर भागों के केंद्र से दूर भाग पर ताकि कोई असंतुलित उबाऊ है तालिका जेब में इस जावक बल इस मामले में फर्जी खेल कभी कभी यह कहा जाता है अपकेन्द्री शक्ति pics संदर्भ फ्रेम में पथ पर कोई पुरस्कार boris है अब लगता है कि डॉक्टर कयामत exerting एक बजरा पॉट घड़ी बंद हो जाता है तस्वीर फ्रेम के संदर्भ में पक एक सीधी रेखा में कदम वहाँ कोई नहीं है असंतुलित boris पर अभिनय अब हम यह देखने की अपनी बात से फिर से देखने घूर्णन प्रणाली में जब वह उसे करने के लिए proc विज्ञप्ति जो एवरेस्ट था यह मूड प्रेषक से दूर बल असंतुलित भाग पर अब उससे बात की है भाग पर जावक पाठ्यक्रम काल्पनिक है हमारे संदर्भ के भोजन फ्रेम में यह नहीं सोचती कि है लेकिन डॉक्टर जिसे संदर्भ के त्वरित फ्रेम में यह बिल्कुल असली है मजबूर मैं अब तक आशा डॉक्टर मैं आप आश्वस्त नहीं हैं संदर्भ के घूर्णन फ्रेम उनके shel फ्रेम में नहीं है के लिए आप सभी से कहा गया है कि चोट यह करों के निवास घूर्णन है और भी है कि यह एक लगभग वृत्ताकार कक्षा में यात्रा समय के आसपास तो हम क्यों संलग्न संदर्भ के एक फ्रेम में मिल रहा है सुरक्षित पृथ्वी लेकिन जड़ता के कानून पकड़ रहा है हम क्यों नहीं मनाया करते हैं काल्पनिक बलों काल्पनिक बलों जो हम शुरू के पांच एक गैर प्रारंभिक फ्रेम में फ्रेम के त्वरण पर निर्भर करता है छोटे इन त्वरण है छोटे काल्पनिक बलों है कि हम शुरू v यहाँ संदर्भ के फ्रेम संलग्न है कार की भूमध्य रेखा के लिए इस फ्रेम के त्वरण वास्तव में बहुत छोटा है क्योंकि इसके बारे में दाढ़ी वाले कताई अक्ष यह एक सीधे तीन app आवक त्वरण d_ एक सौ प्रति सेकेंड वर्ग एक प्रमुख वे एक किलोग्राम पर भूमध्य रेखा पर हमारे लिए उनके काल्पनिक है सीधे एक सौ तीन के बाहर ऊपर लेकिन इस गंभीरता से जो नौ बिंदु के आठ नए नीचे पोर्ट है तो शुद्ध नीचे बल अकेले गुरुत्वाकर्षण की तुलना में छोटी है अगर मैं गिरा दिया है भूमध्य रेखा पर एक किलोग्राम av त्वरण है कि तुलना में थोड़ा छोटा होगा गुरुत्वाकर्षण के कारण अकेला बहुत बहुत अब कार के त्वरण अपनी कक्षा में भी छोटे अभी भी है और भी छोटे प्रभावित का उत्पादन हमारे संदर्भ के फ्रेम में माइक ने कहा कि पृथ्वी के निवास फैक्स rotating था लेकिन हम कैसे पता है कि यह धीमी है अगर आप अच्छी तरह सितारों की एक बार जोखिम तस्वीर लेने वे हलकों में आगे बढ़ जा रहे हैं एक दोनों पी पदप्रदर्शक लेकिन सभी प्रस्ताव रिश्तेदार है वहाँ बताने का जो किसी भी तरह से बढ़ रहा है या सितारों तथ्य यह है कि यह है, क्योंकि जो घूर्णन है पेंडुलम के माध्यम से प्रदर्शन किया जा सकता है अगर मैं एक पेंडुलम झूलते अपने पंख मिल गया है पीछे और आगे एक विमान में हालांकि यह पता चला है इस पेंडुलम झूले की कला के उत्तरी ध्रुव के साथ विमान रहना होगा निश्चित रिश्तेदार सितारों के लिए बारी बारी से होता है लेकिन सापेक्ष अब मैं तुम्हें दिखाने के लिए होगा मैं क्या जरूरत है इस पेंडुलम उपरिकेंद्र कैसे इस turntable जो यूरोप का प्रतिनिधित्व करेंगे नहीं, मैं इस बारे में इस दिशा में चारों ओर घूम केबल था मैं पर एक काला तीर डाल देता हूँ इसलिए है कि आपको याद होगा लेकिन रोटेशन पेंडुलम है कि पृथ्वी का उत्तरी ध्रुव वार्षिक गति के रूप में आप आमतौर पर करते हैं पृथ्वी पर खड़े झूले के खेल के रोटेशन से विपरीत दिशा में घूमता है turntable और है कि वास्तव में एक ही दर अब निश्चित cabral से यह देखो जो के फ्रेम का प्रतिनिधित्व करेंगे सितारों turntable चेतावनी बारी बारी से लेकिन पेंडुलम की विमान चश्मा रहते हैं एक पेंडुलम इस उद्देश्य के लिए इस्तेमाल किया क्योंकि अनुमोदन पेंडुलम इस फिल्म की शुरुआत में टॉमी डॉट wong चलो फिर से वापस अब देखो फोकल पेंडुलम अपने पंख के रूप में पटक दिया गिरा मुझे लगता है कि आप देख सकते हैं रंग लाइन जहां योजना बनाई निशान शुरू आयाम अभ्युत्थान कम है प्रसिद्ध निशान लंबे समय अब ​​नहीं है लेकिन महत्वपूर्ण बात यह बात करने के लिए है कि विमान तेजी से बढ़ आधे घंटे के दौरान किया गया घूर्णन है कि हम आप के लिए बात कर रहा हूँ संदर्भ का एक inertial फ्रेम एक अलार्म भीतरी शहरों में जो बिना संदर्भ के सभी फ्रेम करने के लिए सम्मान के साथ एक एक निरंतर वेग से आगे बढ़ inertial फ्रेम भी हैं inertial फ्रेम हम शब्द का प्रयोग संदर्भ के एक inertial फ्रेम के रूप में है, लेकिन यह केवल लगभग एक है उदाहरण के लिए सितारों के लिए सम्मान के साथ एक छोटे से त्वरण संदर्भ अन्य सितारों के फ्रेम सबसे अच्छा हम क्या कर सकते है जब हम एक के लिए देखो संदर्भ के फ्रेम जो सभी व्यावहारिक उद्देश्यों के लिए है bextra संदर्भ के त्वरित फ्रेम नहीं है एक सदस्य फ्रेम करेगा और जब हम एक त्वरित फ्रेम में हैं हम बलों परिचय जो हम काल्पनिक बलों को बुलाया आदेश में कहा कि जड़ता और भौतिकी के अन्य कानूनों के कानून बदलने के लिए नहीं है

Última atualização: 2019-07-06
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you concede that now the park isn't moving in a circle dr humans exerting a force to keep it moving in the circle and you can see this from the fact that the rubber ring is extended heat is exerting the center of the billboards and this is the only horizontal force acting on the part but not let's look at it again from his point of view in the rotating system he is exerting a force towards the center of the table and yet the puck is standing still produced more or less taylor some vibration how he believes in a lot of inertia so he thinks there's and equal parts on the part away from the center of the table so that there is no unbalanced boring this outward force in the pocket the fictitious sports in this case sometimes it's called the centrifugal force in the pics reference frame there is no award boris on the path now suppose the doctor doom stops exerting a barge watch the pot in the picture frame of reference the puck moves off in a straight line there's no no unbalanced boris acting on it now let's look at it again from his point of view in the rotating system when he releases the proc which to him was everest it mood the force away from the sender is now on unbalanced part on the talked to him the outward course on the part is fictitious in our food frame of reference it doesn't think that's but the doctor whom in the accelerated frame of reference it's a perfectly real force i hope by now doctor i do not have convinced you the rotating frame of reference is not in their shel frame for you've all been told that the hurt it's rotating abode of taxes and that also it travels in a nearly circular orbit around the time why then do we find in a frame of reference attached securely to the earth but the law of inertia seems to hold why don't we observed fictitious forces the five of the fictitious forces which we have to introduce in a non initial frame depends upon the acceleration of the frame these smaller the acceleration is v smaller the fictitious forces that we introduced here's a frame of reference attached to the equator of the car the acceleration of this frame is really very small because bearded spinning about it axis it has an acceleration directly inward app three d_ one hundred of a major per second square on they one kilogram at the equator their is the fictitious for us directly upwards out three one hundred but this is not by gravity which is a port downward of nine point eight new so the net downward force is smaller than that of gravity alone if i've dropped av one kilogram at the equator the acceleration would be slightly smaller than that due to gravity alone very much now the acceleration of the car in its orbit is even smaller still and produces even smaller affect in our frame of reference mike said that the earth was rotating abode faxes how do we know but this is slow well if you take a time exposure photograph of the stars they seem to be moving in circles a both p pole star but all motion is relative is there any way of telling which is moving or the stars the fact that it is because which is rotating can be demonstrated by means of the pendulum if i've got a pendulum swinging its wings back-and-forth in a plane though it turns out is this pendulum with the north pole of the art the plane of swing would remain fixed relative to the stars but would rotate relative now i'll have to show you what i need this pendulum is epicenter how this turntable which will represent europe no i was about the cable turning around in this direction i'll put a black arrow on so that you'll remember but the rotation the pendulum is that the north pole of the earth annuals motion as you ordinarily do standing on the earth the playing of swing rotates in the opposite direction from the rotation of the turntable and that exactly the same rate now look at it from the fixed cabral which will represent the frame of the stars the turntable the alert rotate but the plane of the pendulum remain specs a pendulum used for this purpose because approval pendulum use tommy dot wong at the beginning of this film let's look back again now the focal pendulum dropped slammed as its wings i think you can see the paint line where the planned trail began the amplitude upswing is decreasing the famed trail is not long now but the important thing to speak is that the plane upswing has been rotating during the half hour that we've been talking to you an inertial frame of reference is one in which the alarm inner cities without all frames of reference moving at a constant velocity with respect to an inertial frame are also inertial frame we use the word as an inertial frame of reference but it is only approximately one a small acceleration with respect to the stars for example the frame of reference other stars is the best we can do when we look for a frame of reference which is for all practical purposes bextra accelerated frame of reference is not a member shall frame and when we are in an accelerated frame we have to introduce forces which we called fictitious forces in order that the law of inertia and the other laws of physics don't change

Hindi

आप मानते हैं कि अब पार्क एक सर्कल में नहीं बढ़ रहा है डॉ. मनुष्य एक बल exerting यह चक्र में चल रखने के लिए और आप देख सकते हैं इस तथ्य से है कि रबर की अंगूठी विस्तारित गर्मी होर्डिंग के केंद्र exerting है और यह केवल क्षैतिज भाग पर अभिनय बल है लेकिन हम नहीं इसे फिर से देखो घूर्णन प्रणाली में अपने की दृष्टि से वह तालिका के केंद्र की ओर एक बल exerting है और अभी तक पक अभी भी खड़ा है उत्पादित अधिक या कम टेलर कुछ कंपन कैसे वह जड़ता का एक बहुत में विश्वास तो वह सोचता है कि वहाँ है और बराबर भागों के केंद्र से दूर भाग पर ताकि कोई असंतुलित उबाऊ है तालिका जेब में इस जावक बल इस मामले में फर्जी खेल कभी कभी यह कहा जाता है अपकेन्द्री शक्ति pics संदर्भ फ्रेम में पथ पर कोई पुरस्कार boris है अब लगता है कि डॉक्टर कयामत exerting एक बजरा पॉट घड़ी बंद हो जाता है तस्वीर फ्रेम के संदर्भ में पक एक सीधी रेखा में कदम वहाँ कोई नहीं है असंतुलित boris पर अभिनय अब हम यह देखने की अपनी बात से फिर से देखने घूर्णन प्रणाली में जब वह उसे करने के लिए proc विज्ञप्ति जो एवरेस्ट था यह मूड प्रेषक से दूर बल असंतुलित भाग पर अब उससे बात की है भाग पर जावक पाठ्यक्रम काल्पनिक है हमारे संदर्भ के भोजन फ्रेम में यह नहीं सोचती कि है लेकिन डॉक्टर जिसे संदर्भ के त्वरित फ्रेम में यह बिल्कुल असली है मजबूर मैं अब तक आशा डॉक्टर मैं आप आश्वस्त नहीं हैं संदर्भ के घूर्णन फ्रेम उनके shel फ्रेम में नहीं है के लिए आप सभी से कहा गया है कि चोट यह करों के निवास घूर्णन है और भी है कि यह एक लगभग वृत्ताकार कक्षा में यात्रा समय के आसपास तो हम क्यों संलग्न संदर्भ के एक फ्रेम में मिल रहा है सुरक्षित पृथ्वी लेकिन जड़ता के कानून पकड़ रहा है हम क्यों नहीं मनाया करते हैं काल्पनिक बलों काल्पनिक बलों जो हम शुरू के पांच एक गैर प्रारंभिक फ्रेम में फ्रेम के त्वरण पर निर्भर करता है छोटे इन त्वरण है छोटे काल्पनिक बलों है कि हम शुरू v यहाँ संदर्भ के फ्रेम संलग्न है कार की भूमध्य रेखा के लिए इस फ्रेम के त्वरण वास्तव में बहुत छोटा है क्योंकि इसके बारे में दाढ़ी वाले कताई अक्ष यह एक सीधे तीन app आवक त्वरण d_ एक सौ प्रति सेकेंड वर्ग एक प्रमुख वे एक किलोग्राम पर भूमध्य रेखा पर हमारे लिए उनके काल्पनिक है सीधे एक सौ तीन के बाहर ऊपर लेकिन इस गंभीरता से जो नौ बिंदु के आठ नए नीचे पोर्ट है तो शुद्ध नीचे बल अकेले गुरुत्वाकर्षण की तुलना में छोटी है अगर मैं गिरा दिया है भूमध्य रेखा पर एक किलोग्राम av त्वरण है कि तुलना में थोड़ा छोटा होगा गुरुत्वाकर्षण के कारण अकेला बहुत बहुत अब कार के त्वरण अपनी कक्षा में भी छोटे अभी भी है और भी छोटे प्रभावित का उत्पादन हमारे संदर्भ के फ्रेम में माइक ने कहा कि पृथ्वी के निवास फैक्स rotating था लेकिन हम कैसे पता है कि यह धीमी है अगर आप अच्छी तरह सितारों की एक बार जोखिम तस्वीर लेने वे हलकों में आगे बढ़ जा रहे हैं एक दोनों पी पदप्रदर्शक लेकिन सभी प्रस्ताव रिश्तेदार है वहाँ बताने का जो किसी भी तरह से बढ़ रहा है या सितारों तथ्य यह है कि यह है, क्योंकि जो घूर्णन है पेंडुलम के माध्यम से प्रदर्शन किया जा सकता है अगर मैं एक पेंडुलम झूलते अपने पंख मिल गया है पीछे और आगे एक विमान में हालांकि यह पता चला है इस पेंडुलम झूले की कला के उत्तरी ध्रुव के साथ विमान रहना होगा निश्चित रिश्तेदार सितारों के लिए बारी बारी से होता है लेकिन सापेक्ष अब मैं तुम्हें दिखाने के लिए होगा मैं क्या जरूरत है इस पेंडुलम उपरिकेंद्र कैसे इस turntable जो यूरोप का प्रतिनिधित्व करेंगे नहीं, मैं इस बारे में इस दिशा में चारों ओर घूम केबल था मैं पर एक काला तीर डाल देता हूँ इसलिए है कि आपको याद होगा लेकिन रोटेशन पेंडुलम है कि पृथ्वी का उत्तरी ध्रुव वार्षिक गति के रूप में आप आमतौर पर करते हैं पृथ्वी पर खड़े झूले के खेल के रोटेशन से विपरीत दिशा में घूमता है turntable और है कि वास्तव में एक ही दर अब निश्चित cabral से यह देखो जो के फ्रेम का प्रतिनिधित्व करेंगे सितारों turntable चेतावनी बारी बारी से लेकिन पेंडुलम की विमान चश्मा रहते हैं एक पेंडुलम इस उद्देश्य के लिए इस्तेमाल किया क्योंकि अनुमोदन पेंडुलम इस फिल्म की शुरुआत में टॉमी डॉट wong चलो फिर से वापस अब देखो फोकल पेंडुलम अपने पंख के रूप में पटक दिया गिरा मुझे लगता है कि आप देख सकते हैं रंग लाइन जहां योजना बनाई निशान शुरू आयाम अभ्युत्थान कम है प्रसिद्ध निशान लंबे समय अब ​​नहीं है लेकिन महत्वपूर्ण बात यह बात करने के लिए है कि विमान तेजी से बढ़ आधे घंटे के दौरान किया गया घूर्णन है कि हम आप के लिए बात कर रहा हूँ संदर्भ का एक inertial फ्रेम एक अलार्म भीतरी शहरों में जो बिना संदर्भ के सभी फ्रेम करने के लिए सम्मान के साथ एक एक निरंतर वेग से आगे बढ़ inertial फ्रेम भी हैं inertial फ्रेम हम शब्द का प्रयोग संदर्भ के एक inertial फ्रेम के रूप में है, लेकिन यह केवल लगभग एक है उदाहरण के लिए सितारों के लिए सम्मान के साथ एक छोटे से त्वरण संदर्भ अन्य सितारों के फ्रेम सबसे अच्छा हम क्या कर सकते है जब हम एक के लिए देखो संदर्भ के फ्रेम जो सभी व्यावहारिक उद्देश्यों के लिए है bextra संदर्भ के त्वरित फ्रेम नहीं है एक सदस्य फ्रेम करेगा और जब हम एक त्वरित फ्रेम में हैं हम बलों परिचय जो हम काल्पनिक बलों को बुलाया आदेश में कहा कि जड़ता और भौतिकी के अन्य कानूनों के कानून बदलने के लिए नहीं है

Última atualização: 2019-07-06
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Referência: Anônimo

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