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union territory

Kannada

ಕೇಂದ್ರಾಡಳಿತ ಪ್ರದೇಶಗಳು

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union language

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ಕೇಂದ್ರಾಡಳಿತ ಭಾಷೆ

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palestinian territory

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ಪ್ಯಾಲಿಸ್ಟೀನ್ ನ ಪ್ರಾಂತ್ಯಗಳುname

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union square

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ಯೂನಿಯನ್ ಸ್ಕ್ವೇರ್

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union territories of india

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ಭಾರತದ ಕೇಂದ್ರಾಡಳಿತ ಪ್ರದೇಶಗಳು

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resignation letter format union office bearers

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ರಾಜೀನಾಮೆ ಪತ್ರ ಸ್ವರೂಪ ಯೂನಿಯನ್ ಕಚೇರಿ ಧಾರಕರು

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section: a yoga’s introduction of yogasana yoga is a group of physical, mental, and spiritual practices or disciplines which originated in ancient india. yoga is one of the six orthodox schools of hindu philosophical traditions. yoga means “union”, union of both the male and the female energy. infertility could be due to various problems in the female. yoga can help and change a couple’s daily activities for the better. definition of yogasana the term "yoga" comes from a sanskrit word meaning "union." yoga combines physical exercises, mental meditation, and breathing techniques to strengthen the muscles and relieve stress.

Kannada

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Engelska

tarleshan1 the family courts act, 1984 act no. 66 of 1984 [14th september, 1984.] an act to provide for the establishment of family courts with a view to promote conciliation in, and secure speedy settlement of, disputes relating to marriage and family affairs and for matters connected therewith. be it enacted by parliament in the thirty-fifth year of the republic of india as follows:— chapter i preliminary 1. short title, extent and commencement.—(1) this act may be called the family courts act, 1984. (2) it extends to the whole of india except the state of jammu and kashmir. (3) it shall come into force on such date1 as the central government may, by notification in the official gazette, appoint, and different dates may be appointed for different states. 1. this act shall come into force in— (i) union territory of andaman and nicobar islands on 19th november, 1986, vide notification no. 79/22/86, dated 19th november, 1986, gazette of india, extra., pt. ii, section 1. (ii) madhya pradesh on 19th november, 1986, vide notification no. 79/6/86, dated 14th november, 1986, gazette of india, extra., pt. ii, section 1. (iii) uttar pradesh on 2nd october, 1986, vide notification no. 79/11/86-jus., dated 4th september, 1986, gazette of india, pt. ii, section 1. (iv) delhi on 19th november, 1986, vide notification no. s.o. 863(e), dater 18th november, 1986, gazette of india, extra., pt. ii, section 3 (ii). (v) maharashtra on 1st december, 1986, vide notification no. s.o. 944(e), dated 5th december, 1986, gazette of india, extra., pt. ii, section 3(ii). (vi) karnataka on 25th may, 1987, vide notification no. g.s.r. 685(e), dated 15th may, 1987, gazette of india, extra., pt. ii, section 3(i). (vii) orissa on 1st may, 1989, vide notification no. s.o. 321(e), dated 27th april, 1989, gazette of india, extra, pt. ii, section 3(ii). (viii) kerala on 21st october, 1989, vide notification no. 79/5/86, dated 17th october, 1989, gazette of india, extra., pt. ii, section 1. (ix) goa on 16th april, 1990, vide notification no. s.o. 328(e), dated 12th april, 1990, gazette of india, extra., pt. ii, section 3(ii). (x) union territory of pondicherry on 1st may, 1987, vide notification no. g.s.r. 459 (e), dated 29th april, 1987, gazette of india, extra, pt. ii, section 3(i). (xi) west bengal on 1st november, 1991, vide notification no. 79/12/86-jus., dated 1st november, 1991, gazette of india, extra., pt. ii, section 1 (e). (xii) assam on 2nd october, 1991, vide notification no. 79/2/86 jus., dated 30th november, 1991, gazette of india, extra., pt. ii, section 1 (e). (xiii) bihar on 10th december, 1991, vide notification no. s.o. 838(e), dated 6th december, 1991, gazette of india, extra., pt. ii, section 3(ii). (xiv) manipur on 3rd february, 1992, vide notification no. s.o. 91(e), dated 30th january, 1992, gazette of india, extra., pt. ii, section 3(ii). (xv) haryana on 2nd november, 1992, vide notification no. s.o. 784(e), dated 23th october, 1992, gazette of india, extra., pt. ii, section 3(i). (xvi) andhra pradesh on 15th february, 1995, vide notification no. s.o. 92(e), dated 6th february, 1995, gazette of india, extra.. part ii, section 3 (ii). (xvii) gujarat on 1st january, 2000, vide notification no. s.o. 1268(e), dated 20nd december, 1999, gazette of india, extra., pt. ii, section 3 (ii). (xviii) union territory of daman and diu on 10th october, 2003, vide notification no. s.o. 1161 (e), dated 14th october, 2003, gazette of india, extra., pt. ii, section 3 (ii). 2 2. definitions.—in this act, unless the context otherwise requires,— (a) “judge” means the judge or, as the case may be, the principal judge, additional principal judge or other judge of a family court; (b) “notification” means a notification published in the official gazette; (c) “prescribed” means prescribed by rules made under this act; (d) “family court” means a family court established under section 3; (e) all other words and expressions used but not defined in this act and defined in the code of civil procedure, 1908 (5 of 1908) shall have the meanings respectively assigned to them in that code. chapter ii family courts 3. establishment of family courts.—(1) for the purpose of exercising the jurisdiction and powers conferred on a family court by this act, the state government, after consultation with the high court, and by notification,— (a) shall, as soon as may be after the commencement of this act, established for every area in the state comprising of city or town whose population exceeds one million, a family court; (b) may establish family courts for such other areas in the state as it may deem necessary. (2) the state government shall, after consultation with the high court, specify, by notification, the local limits of the area to which the jurisdiction of a family court shall extend and may, at any time, increase, reduce or alter such limits. 4. appointment of judges.—(1) the state government may, with the concurrence of the high court, appoint one or more persons to be the judge or judges of a family court. (2) when a family court consists of more than one judge,— (a) each of the judges may exercise all or any of the powers conferred on the court by this act or any other law for the time being in force; (b) the state government may, with the concurrence of the high court, appoint any of the judges to be the principal judge and any other judge to be the additional principal judge; (c) the principal judge may, from time to time, make such arrangements as he may deem fit for the distribution of the business of the court among the various judges thereof; (d) the additional principal judge may exercise the powers of the principal judge in the event of any vacancy in the office of the principal judge or when the principal judge is unable to discharge his functions owing to absence, illness or any other cause. (3) a person shall not be qualified for appointment as a judge unless he— (a) has for at least seven years held a judicial office in india or the office of a member of a tribunal or any post under the union or a state requiring special knowledge of law; or (b) has for at least seven years been an advocate of a high court or of two or more such courts in succession; or (c) possesses such other qualifications as the central government may, with the concurrence of the chief justice of india, prescribe. 3 (4) in selecting persons for appointment as judges,— (a) every endeavour shall be made to ensure that persons committed to the need to protect and preserve the institution of marriage and to promote the welfare of children and qualified by reason of their experience and expertise to promote the settlement of disputes by conciliation and counselling are selected; and (b) preference shall be given to women. (5) no person shall be appointed as, or hold the office of, a judge of a family court after he has attained the age of sixty-two years. (6) the salary or honorarium and other allowances payable to, and the other terms and conditions of service of, a judge shall be such as the state government may, in consultation with the high court, prescribe. 5. association of social welfare agencies, etc.—the state government may, in consultation with the high court, provide, by rules, for the association, in such manner and for such purposes and subject to such conditions as may be specified in the rules, with a family court of— (a) institutions or organisations engaged in social welfare or the representatives thereof; (b) persons professionally engaged in promoting the welfare of the family; (c) persons working in the field of social welfare; and (d) any other person whose association with a family court would enable it to exercise its jurisdiction more effectively in accordance with the purposes of this act. 6. counsellors, officers and other employees of family courts.—(1) the state government shall, in consultation with the high court, determine the number and categories of counsellors, officers and other employees required to assist a family court in the discharge of its functions and provide the family court with such counsellors, officers and other employees as it may think fit. (2) the terms and conditions of association of the counsellors and the terms and conditions of service of the officers and other employees, referred to in sub-section (1), shall be such as may be specified by rules made by the state government. chapter iii jurisdiction 7. jurisdiction.—(1) subject to the other provisions of this act, a family court shall— (a) have and exercise all the jurisdiction exercisable by any district court or any subordinate civil court under any law for the time being in force in respect of suits and proceedings of the nature referred to in the explanation; and (b) be deemed, for the purposes of exercising such jurisdiction under such law, to be a district court or, as the case may be, such subordinate civil court for the area to which the jurisdiction of the family court extends. explanation.—the suits and proceedings referred to in this sub-section are suits and proceedings of the following nature, namely:— (a) a suit or proceeding between the parties to a marriage for a decree of nullity of marriage (declaring the marriage to be null and void or, as the case may be, annulling the marriage) or restitution of conjugal rights or judicial separation or dissolution of marriage; (b) a suit or proceeding for a declaration as to the validity of a marriage or as to the matrimonial status of any person; 4 (c) a suit or proceeding between the parties to a marriage with respect to the property of the parties or of either of them; (d) a suit or proceeding for an order or injunction in circumstance arising out of a marital relationship; (e) a suit or proceeding for a declaration as to the legitimacy of any person; (f) a suit or proceeding for maintenance; (g) a suit or proceeding in relation to the guardianship of the person or the custody of, or access to, any minor. (2) subject to the other provisions of this act, a family court shall also have and exercise— (a) the jurisdiction exercisable by a magistrate of the first class under chapter ix (relating to order for maintenance of wife, children and parents) of the code of criminal procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974); and (b) such other jurisdiction as may be conferred on it by any other enactment. 8. exclusion of jurisdiction and pending proceedings.—where a family court has been established for any area,— (a) no district court or any subordinate civil court referred to in sub-section (1) of section 7 shall, in relation to such area, have or exercise any jurisdiction in respect of any suit or proceeding of the nature referred to in the explanation to that sub-section; (b) no magistrate shall, in relation to such area, have or exercise any jurisdiction or powers under chapter ix of the code of criminal procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974); (c) every suit or proceeding of the nature referred to in the explanation to sub-section (1) of section 7 and every proceeding under chapter ix of the code of criminal procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974),— (i) which is pending immediately before the establishment of such family court before any district court or subordinate court referred to in that sub-section or, as the case may be, before any magistrate under the said code; and (ii) which would have been required to be instituted or taken before such family court if, before the date on which such suit or proceeding was instituted or taken, this act had come into force and such family court had been established, shall stand transferred to such family court on the date on which it is established. chapter iv procedure 9. duty of family court to make efforts for settlement.—(1) in every suit or proceeding, endeavour shall be made by the family court in the first instance, where it is possible to do so consistent with the nature and circumstances of the case, to assist and persuade the parties in arriving at a settlement in respect of the subject-matter of the suit or proceeding and for this purpose a family court may, subject to any rules made by the high court, follow such procedure as it may deem fit. (2) if, in any suit or proceeding, at any stage, it appears to the family court that there is a reasonable possibility of a settlement between the parties, the family court may adjourn the proceedings for such period as it thinks fit to enable attempts to be made to effect such a settlement. (3) the power conferred by sub-section (2) shall be in addition to, and not in derogation of, any other power of the family court to adjourn the proceedings. 5 10. procedure generally.—(1) subject to the other provisions of this act and the rules, the provisions of the code of civil procedure, 1908 (5 of 1908) and of any other law for the time being in force shall apply to the suits and proceedings [other than the proceedings under chapter ix of the code of criminal procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974)] before a family court and for the purposes of the said provisions of the code, a family court shall be deemed to be a civil court and shall have all the powers of such court. (2) subject to the other provisions of this act and the rules, the provisions of the code of criminal procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974) or the rules made thereunder, shall apply to the proceedings under chapter ix of that code before a family court. (3) nothing in sub-section (1) or sub-section (2) shall prevent a family court from laying down its own procedure with a view to arrive at a settlement in respect of the subject-matter of the suit or proceedings or at the truth of the facts alleged by the one party and denied by the other. 11. proceedings to be held in camera.—in every suit or proceedings to which this act applies, the proceedings may be held in camera if the family court so desires and shall be so held if either party so desires. 12. assistance of medical and welfare experts.—in every suit or proceedings, it shall be open to a family court to secure the services of a medical expert or such person (preferably a woman where available), whether related to the parties or not, including a person professionally engaged in promoting the welfare of the family as the court may think fit, for the purposes of assisting the family court in discharging the functions imposed by this act. 13. right to legal representation.—notwithstanding anything contained in any law, no party to a suit or proceeding before a family court shall be entitled, as of right, to be represented by a legal practitioner: provided that if the family court considers it necessary in the interest of justice, it may seek the assistance of a legal expert as amicus curiae. 14. application of indian evidence act, 1872.—a family court may receive as evidence any report, statement, documents, information or matter that may, in its opinion, assist it to deal effectually with a dispute, whether or not the same would be otherwise relevant or admissible under the indian evidence act, 1872 (1 of 1872). 15. record of oral evidence.—in suits or proceedings before a family court, it shall not be necessary to record the evidence of witnesses at length, but the judge, as the examination of each witness proceeds, shall, record or cause to be recorded, a memorandum of the substance of what the witness deposes, and such memorandum shall be signed by the witness and the judge and shall form part of the record. 16. evidence of formal character on affidavit.—(1) the evidence of any person where such evidence is of a formal character, may be given by affidavit and may, subject to all just exceptions, be read in evidence in any suit or proceeding before a family court. (2) the family court may, if it thinks fit, and shall, on the application of any of the parties to the suit or proceeding summon and examine any such person as to the facts contained in his affidavit. 17. judgment.—judgment of a family court shall contain a concise statement of the case, the point for determination, the decision thereon and the reasons for such decision. 18. execution of decrees and orders.—(1) a decree or an order [other than an order under chapter ix of the code of criminal procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974)], passed by a family court shall have the same force and effect as a decree or order of a civil court and shall be executed in the same manner as is prescribed by the code of civil procedure, 1908 (5 of 1908) for the execution of decrees and orders. (2) an order passed by a family court under chapter ix of the code of criminal procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974) shall be executed in the manner prescribed for the execution of such order by that code. 6 (3) a decree or order may be executed either by the family court which passed it or by the other family court or ordinary civil court to which it is sent for execution. chapter v 1[appeals and revisions] 19. appeal.—(1) save as provided in sub-section (2) and notwithstanding anything contained in the code of civil procedure, 1908 (5 of 1908) or in the code of criminal procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974) or in any other law, an appeal shall lie from every judgment or order, not being an interlocutory order, of a family court to the high court both on facts and on law. (2) no appeal shall lie from a decree or order passed by the family court with the consent of the parties 2[or from an order passed under chapter ix of the code of criminal procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974): provided that nothing in this sub-section shall apply to any appeal pending before a high court or any order passed under chapter ix of the code of criminal procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974) before the commencement of the family courts (amendment) act, 1991 (59 of 1991).] (3) every appeal under this section shall be preferred within a period of thirty days from the date of the judgment or order of a family court. 2[(4) the high court may, of its own motion or otherwise, call for and examine the record of any proceeding in which the family court situate within its jurisdiction passed an order under chapter ix of the code of criminal procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974) for the purpose of satisfying itself as to the correctness, legality or propriety of the order, not being an interlocutory order, and as to the regularity of such proceeding.] 3[(5)] except as aforesaid, no appeal or revision shall lie to any court from any judgment, order or decree of a family court. 4[(6)] an appeal preferred under sub-section (1) shall be heard by a bench consisting of two or more judges. chapter vi miscellaneous 20. act to have overriding effect.—the provisions of this act shall have effect notwithstanding anything inconsistent therewith contained in any other law for the time being in force or in any instrument having effect by virtue of any law other than this act. 21. power of high court to make rules.—(1) the high court may, by notification in the official gazette, make such rules as it may deem necessary for carrying out the purposes of this act. (2) in particular, and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power, such rules may provide for all or any of the following matters, namely:— (a) normal working hours of family courts and holding of sittings of family courts on holidays and outside normal working hours; (b) holding of sittings of family courts at places other than their ordinary places of sitting; (c) efforts which may be made by, and the procedure which may be followed by, a family court for assisting and persuading parties to arrive at a settlement. 1. subs. by act 59 of 1991, s. 2, for “appeals” (w.e.f 28-12-1991). 2. ins. by s. 2, ibid. (w.e.f. 28-12-1991). 3. sub-section (4) renumbered as sub-section (5) thereof by s. 2, ibid. (w.e.f. 28-12-1991). 4. sub-section (5) renumbered as sub-section (6) thereof by s. 2, ibid. (w.e.f. 28-12-1991). 7 22. power of the central government to make rules.—(1) the central govern

Kannada

1 the family courts act, 1984 act no. 66 of 1984 [14th september, 1984.] an act to provide for the establishment of family courts with a view to promote conciliation in, and secure speedy settlement of, disputes relating to marriage and family affairs and for matters connected therewith. be it enacted by parliament in the thirty-fifth year of the republic of india as follows:— chapter i preliminary 1. short title, extent and commencement.—(1) this act may be called the family courts act, 1984. (2) it extends to the whole of india except the state of jammu and kashmir. (3) it shall come into force on such date1 as the central government may, by notification in the official gazette, appoint, and different dates may be appointed for different states. 1. this act shall come into force in— (i) union territory of andaman and nicobar islands on 19th november, 1986, vide notification no. 79/22/86, dated 19th november, 1986, gazette of india, extra., pt. ii, section 1. (ii) madhya pradesh on 19th november, 1986, vide notification no. 79/6/86, dated 14th november, 1986, gazette of india, extra., pt. ii, section 1. (iii) uttar pradesh on 2nd october, 1986, vide notification no. 79/11/86-jus., dated 4th september, 1986, gazette of india, pt. ii, section 1. (iv) delhi on 19th november, 1986, vide notification no. s.o. 863(e), dater 18th november, 1986, gazette of india, extra., pt. ii, section 3 (ii). (v) maharashtra on 1st december, 1986, vide notification no. s.o. 944(e), dated 5th december, 1986, gazette of india, extra., pt. ii, section 3(ii). (vi) karnataka on 25th may, 1987, vide notification no. g.s.r. 685(e), dated 15th may, 1987, gazette of india, extra., pt. ii, section 3(i). (vii) orissa on 1st may, 1989, vide notification no. s.o. 321(e), dated 27th april, 1989, gazette of india, extra, pt. ii, section 3(ii). (viii) kerala on 21st october, 1989, vide notification no. 79/5/86, dated 17th october, 1989, gazette of india, extra., pt. ii, section 1. (ix) goa on 16th april, 1990, vide notification no. s.o. 328(e), dated 12th april, 1990, gazette of india, extra., pt. ii, section 3(ii). (x) union territory of pondicherry on 1st may, 1987, vide notification no. g.s.r. 459 (e), dated 29th april, 1987, gazette of india, extra, pt. ii, section 3(i). (xi) west bengal on 1st november, 1991, vide notification no. 79/12/86-jus., dated 1st november, 1991, gazette of india, extra., pt. ii, section 1 (e). (xii) assam on 2nd october, 1991, vide notification no. 79/2/86 jus., dated 30th november, 1991, gazette of india, extra., pt. ii, section 1 (e). (xiii) bihar on 10th december, 1991, vide notification no. s.o. 838(e), dated 6th december, 1991, gazette of india, extra., pt. ii, section 3(ii). (xiv) manipur on 3rd february, 1992, vide notification no. s.o. 91(e), dated 30th january, 1992, gazette of india, extra., pt. ii, section 3(ii). (xv) haryana on 2nd november, 1992, vide notification no. s.o. 784(e), dated 23th october, 1992, gazette of india, extra., pt. ii, section 3(i). (xvi) andhra pradesh on 15th february, 1995, vide notification no. s.o. 92(e), dated 6th february, 1995, gazette of india, extra.. part ii, section 3 (ii). (xvii) gujarat on 1st january, 2000, vide notification no. s.o. 1268(e), dated 20nd december, 1999, gazette of india, extra., pt. ii, section 3 (ii). (xviii) union territory of daman and diu on 10th october, 2003, vide notification no. s.o. 1161 (e), dated 14th october, 2003, gazette of india, extra., pt. ii, section 3 (ii). 2 2. definitions.—in this act, unless the context otherwise requires,— (a) “judge” means the judge or, as the case may be, the principal judge, additional principal judge or other judge of a family court; (b) “notification” means a notification published in the official gazette; (c) “prescribed” means prescribed by rules made under this act; (d) “family court” means a family court established under section 3; (e) all other words and expressions used but not defined in this act and defined in the code of civil procedure, 1908 (5 of 1908) shall have the meanings respectively assigned to them in that code. chapter ii family courts 3. establishment of family courts.—(1) for the purpose of exercising the jurisdiction and powers conferred on a family court by this act, the state government, after consultation with the high court, and by notification,— (a) shall, as soon as may be after the commencement of this act, established for every area in the state comprising of city or town whose population exceeds one million, a family court; (b) may establish family courts for such other areas in the state as it may deem necessary. (2) the state government shall, after consultation with the high court, specify, by notification, the local limits of the area to which the jurisdiction of a family court shall extend and may, at any time, increase, reduce or alter such limits. 4. appointment of judges.—(1) the state government may, with the concurrence of the high court, appoint one or more persons to be the judge or judges of a family court. (2) when a family court consists of more than one judge,— (a) each of the judges may exercise all or any of the powers conferred on the court by this act or any other law for the time being in force; (b) the state government may, with the concurrence of the high court, appoint any of the judges to be the principal judge and any other judge to be the additional principal judge; (c) the principal judge may, from time to time, make such arrangements as he may deem fit for the distribution of the business of the court among the various judges thereof; (d) the additional principal judge may exercise the powers of the principal judge in the event of any vacancy in the office of the principal judge or when the principal judge is unable to discharge his functions owing to absence, illness or any other cause. (3) a person shall not be qualified for appointment as a judge unless he— (a) has for at least seven years held a judicial office in india or the office of a member of a tribunal or any post under the union or a state requiring special knowledge of law; or (b) has for at least seven years been an advocate of a high court or of two or more such courts in succession; or (c) possesses such other qualifications as the central government may, with the concurrence of the chief justice of india, prescribe. 3 (4) in selecting persons for appointment as judges,— (a) every endeavour shall be made to ensure that persons committed to the need to protect and preserve the institution of marriage and to promote the welfare of children and qualified by reason of their experience and expertise to promote the settlement of disputes by conciliation and counselling are selected; and (b) preference shall be given to women. (5) no person shall be appointed as, or hold the office of, a judge of a family court after he has attained the age of sixty-two years. (6) the salary or honorarium and other allowances payable to, and the other terms and conditions of service of, a judge shall be such as the state government may, in consultation with the high court, prescribe. 5. association of social welfare agencies, etc.—the state government may, in consultation with the high court, provide, by rules, for the association, in such manner and for such purposes and subject to such conditions as may be specified in the rules, with a family court of— (a) institutions or organisations engaged in social welfare or the representatives thereof; (b) persons professionally engaged in promoting the welfare of the family; (c) persons working in the field of social welfare; and (d) any other person whose association with a family court would enable it to exercise its jurisdiction more effectively in accordance with the purposes of this act. 6. counsellors, officers and other employees of family courts.—(1) the state government shall, in consultation with the high court, determine the number and categories of counsellors, officers and other employees required to assist a family court in the discharge of its functions and provide the family court with such counsellors, officers and other employees as it may think fit. (2) the terms and conditions of association of the counsellors and the terms and conditions of service of the officers and other employees, referred to in sub-section (1), shall be such as may be specified by rules made by the state government. chapter iii jurisdiction 7. jurisdiction.—(1) subject to the other provisions of this act, a family court shall— (a) have and exercise all the jurisdiction exercisable by any district court or any subordinate civil court under any law for the time being in force in respect of suits and proceedings of the nature referred to in the explanation; and (b) be deemed, for the purposes of exercising such jurisdiction under such law, to be a district court or, as the case may be, such subordinate civil court for the area to which the jurisdiction of the family court extends. explanation.—the suits and proceedings referred to in this sub-section are suits and proceedings of the following nature, namely:— (a) a suit or proceeding between the parties to a marriage for a decree of nullity of marriage (declaring the marriage to be null and void or, as the case may be, annulling the marriage) or restitution of conjugal rights or judicial separation or dissolution of marriage; (b) a suit or proceeding for a declaration as to the validity of a marriage or as to the matrimonial status of any person; 4 (c) a suit or proceeding between the parties to a marriage with respect to the property of the parties or of either of them; (d) a suit or proceeding for an order or injunction in circumstance arising out of a marital relationship; (e) a suit or proceeding for a declaration as to the legitimacy of any person; (f) a suit or proceeding for maintenance; (g) a suit or proceeding in relation to the guardianship of the person or the custody of, or access to, any minor. (2) subject to the other provisions of this act, a family court shall also have and exercise— (a) the jurisdiction exercisable by a magistrate of the first class under chapter ix (relating to order for maintenance of wife, children and parents) of the code of criminal procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974); and (b) such other jurisdiction as may be conferred on it by any other enactment. 8. exclusion of jurisdiction and pending proceedings.—where a family court has been established for any area,— (a) no district court or any subordinate civil court referred to in sub-section (1) of section 7 shall, in relation to such area, have or exercise any jurisdiction in respect of any suit or proceeding of the nature referred to in the explanation to that sub-section; (b) no magistrate shall, in relation to such area, have or exercise any jurisdiction or powers under chapter ix of the code of criminal procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974); (c) every suit or proceeding of the nature referred to in the explanation to sub-section (1) of section 7 and every proceeding under chapter ix of the code of criminal procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974),— (i) which is pending immediately before the establishment of such family court before any district court or subordinate court referred to in that sub-section or, as the case may be, before any magistrate under the said code; and (ii) which would have been required to be instituted or taken before such family court if, before the date on which such suit or proceeding was instituted or taken, this act had come into force and such family court had been established, shall stand transferred to such family court on the date on which it is established. chapter iv procedure 9. duty of family court to make efforts for settlement.—(1) in every suit or proceeding, endeavour shall be made by the family court in the first instance, where it is possible to do so consistent with the nature and circumstances of the case, to assist and persuade the parties in arriving at a settlement in respect of the subject-matter of the suit or proceeding and for this purpose a family court may, subject to any rules made by the high court, follow such procedure as it may deem fit. (2) if, in any suit or proceeding, at any stage, it appears to the family court that there is a reasonable possibility of a settlement between the parties, the family court may adjourn the proceedings for such period as it thinks fit to enable attempts to be made to effect such a settlement. (3) the power conferred by sub-section (2) shall be in addition to, and not in derogation of, any other power of the family court to adjourn the proceedings. 5 10. procedure generally.—(1) subject to the other provisions of this act and the rules, the provisions of the code of civil procedure, 1908 (5 of 1908) and of any other law for the time being in force shall apply to the suits and proceedings [other than the proceedings under chapter ix of the code of criminal procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974)] before a family court and for the purposes of the said provisions of the code, a family court shall be deemed to be a civil court and shall have all the powers of such court. (2) subject to the other provisions of this act and the rules, the provisions of the code of criminal procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974) or the rules made thereunder, shall apply to the proceedings under chapter ix of that code before a family court. (3) nothing in sub-section (1) or sub-section (2) shall prevent a family court from laying down its own procedure with a view to arrive at a settlement in respect of the subject-matter of the suit or proceedings or at the truth of the facts alleged by the one party and denied by the other. 11. proceedings to be held in camera.—in every suit or proceedings to which this act applies, the proceedings may be held in camera if the family court so desires and shall be so held if either party so desires. 12. assistance of medical and welfare experts.—in every suit or proceedings, it shall be open to a family court to secure the services of a medical expert or such person (preferably a woman where available), whether related to the parties or not, including a person professionally engaged in promoting the welfare of the family as the court may think fit, for the purposes of assisting the family court in discharging the functions imposed by this act. 13. right to legal representation.—notwithstanding anything contained in any law, no party to a suit or proceeding before a family court shall be entitled, as of right, to be represented by a legal practitioner: provided that if the family court considers it necessary in the interest of justice, it may seek the assistance of a legal expert as amicus curiae. 14. application of indian evidence act, 1872.—a family court may receive as evidence any report, statement, documents, information or matter that may, in its opinion, assist it to deal effectually with a dispute, whether or not the same would be otherwise relevant or admissible under the indian evidence act, 1872 (1 of 1872). 15. record of oral evidence.—in suits or proceedings before a family court, it shall not be necessary to record the evidence of witnesses at length, but the judge, as the examination of each witness proceeds, shall, record or cause to be recorded, a memorandum of the substance of what the witness deposes, and such memorandum shall be signed by the witness and the judge and shall form part of the record. 16. evidence of formal character on affidavit.—(1) the evidence of any person where such evidence is of a formal character, may be given by affidavit and may, subject to all just exceptions, be read in evidence in any suit or proceeding before a family court. (2) the family court may, if it thinks fit, and shall, on the application of any of the parties to the suit or proceeding summon and examine any such person as to the facts contained in his affidavit. 17. judgment.—judgment of a family court shall contain a concise statement of the case, the point for determination, the decision thereon and the reasons for such decision. 18. execution of decrees and orders.—(1) a decree or an order [other than an order under chapter ix of the code of criminal procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974)], passed by a family court shall have the same force and effect as a decree or order of a civil court and shall be executed in the same manner as is prescribed by the code of civil procedure, 1908 (5 of 1908) for the execution of decrees and orders. (2) an order passed by a family court under chapter ix of the code of criminal procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974) shall be executed in the manner prescribed for the execution of such order by that code. 6 (3) a decree or order may be executed either by the family court which passed it or by the other family court or ordinary civil court to which it is sent for execution. chapter v 1[appeals and revisions] 19. appeal.—(1) save as provided in sub-section (2) and notwithstanding anything contained in the code of civil procedure, 1908 (5 of 1908) or in the code of criminal procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974) or in any other law, an appeal shall lie from every judgment or order, not being an interlocutory order, of a family court to the high court both on facts and on law. (2) no appeal shall lie from a decree or order passed by the family court with the consent of the parties 2[or from an order passed under chapter ix of the code of criminal procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974): provided that nothing in this sub-section shall apply to any appeal pending before a high court or any order passed under chapter ix of the code of criminal procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974) before the commencement of the family courts (amendment) act, 1991 (59 of 1991).] (3) every appeal under this section shall be preferred within a period of thirty days from the date of the judgment or order of a family court. 2[(4) the high court may, of its own motion or otherwise, call for and examine the record of any proceeding in which the family court situate within its jurisdiction passed an order under chapter ix of the code of criminal procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974) for the purpose of satisfying itself as to the correctness, legality or propriety of the order, not being an interlocutory order, and as to the regularity of such proceeding.] 3[(5)] except as aforesaid, no appeal or revision shall lie to any court from any judgment, order or decree of a family court. 4[(6)] an appeal preferred under sub-section (1) shall be heard by a bench consisting of two or more judges. chapter vi miscellaneous 20. act to have overriding effect.—the provisions of this act shall have effect notwithstanding anything inconsistent therewith contained in any other law for the time being in force or in any instrument having effect by virtue of any law other than this act. 21. power of high court to make rules.—(1) the high court may, by notification in the official gazette, make such rules as it may deem necessary for carrying out the purposes of this act. (2) in particular, and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power, such rules may provide for all or any of the following matters, namely:— (a) normal working hours of family courts and holding of sittings of family courts on holidays and outside normal working hours; (b) holding of sittings of family courts at places other than their ordinary places of sitting; (c) efforts which may be made by, and the procedure which may be followed by, a family court for assisting and persuading parties to arrive at a settlement. 1. subs. by act 59 of 1991, s. 2, for “appeals” (w.e.f 28-12-1991). 2. ins. by s. 2, ibid. (w.e.f. 28-12-1991). 3. sub-section (4) renumbered as sub-section (5) thereof by s. 2, ibid. (w.e.f. 28-12-1991). 4. sub-section (5) renumbered as sub-section (6) thereof by s. 2, ibid. (w.e.f. 28-12-1991). 7 22. power of the central government to make rules.—(1) the central government may,

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the indian space research organisation (isro, /ˈɪsroʊ/) is the space agency of the government of india headquartered in the city of bangalore. its vision is to "harness space technology for national development while pursuing space science research and planetary exploration."[3] formed in 1969, isro superseded the erstwhile indian national committee for space research (incospar) established in 1962 by the efforts of independent india's first prime minister, jawaharlal nehru, and his close aide and scientist vikram sarabhai. the establishment of isro thus institutionalized space activities in india.[4] it is managed by the department of space, which reports to the prime minister of india. isro built india's first satellite, aryabhata, which was launched by the soviet union on 19 april 1975. it was named after the mathematician aryabhata. in 1980, rohini became the first satellite to be placed in orbit by an indian-made launch vehicle, slv-3. isro subsequently developed two other rockets: the polar satellite launch vehicle (pslv) for launching satellites into polar orbits and the geosynchronous satellite launch vehicle (gslv) for placing satellites into geostationary orbits. these rockets have launched numerous communications satellites and earth observation satellites. satellite navigation systems like gagan and irnss have been deployed. in january 2014, isro used an indigenous cryogenic engine in a gslv-d5 launch of the gsat-14.[5][6] isro sent a lunar orbiter, chandrayaan-1, on 22 october 2008 and a mars orbiter, mars orbiter mission, on 5 november 2013, which entered mars orbit on 24 september 2014, making india the first nation to succeed on its first attempt to mars, and isro the fourth space agency in the world as well as the first space agency in asia to reach mars orbit.[7] on 18 june 2016 isro set a record with a launch of 20 satellites in a single payload, one being a satellite from google.[8] on 15 february 2017, isro launched 104 satellites in a single rocket (pslv-c37) and created a world record.[9][10] isro launched its heaviest rocket, geosynchronous satellite launch vehicle-mark iii (gslv-mk iii), on 5 june 2017 and placed a communications satellite gsat-19 in orbit. with this launch, isro became capable of launching 4 ton heavy satellites.

Kannada

ಕನ್ನಡದಲ್ಲಿ ಐರೋಪ್ಯ ಪ್ರಬಂಧ

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sports commonly called 'football' in certain places include: association football (known as soccer in some countries); gridiron football (specifically american football or canadian football); australian rules football; rugby football (either rugby league or rugby union); and gaelic football.[1][2] these different variations of football are known as football codes.

Kannada

ಫುಟ್ಬಾಲ್, ವಿವಿಧ ಗೋಲು ಗಳಿಸಿದಂತೆ ಚೆಂಡನ್ನು ಒದೆಯುವುದು ಒಳಗೊಂಡ ತಂಡ ಕ್ರೀಡೆಗಳ ಕುಟುಂಬವಾಗಿದೆ. ಅನರ್ಹ, ಫುಟ್ಬಾಲ್ ಪದವು ಫುಟ್ಬಾಲ್ನ ಯಾವುದೇ ಪ್ರಕಾರಕ್ಕೆ ಪದ ಕಾಣಿಸಿಕೊಳ್ಳುವ ಪ್ರಾದೇಶಿಕ ಸನ್ನಿವೇಶದಲ್ಲಿ ಅತ್ಯಂತ ಜನಪ್ರಿಯವಾಗಿದೆ ನೋಡಿ ತಿಳಿಯಬಹುದು.

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several events were held across 36 states and union territories, covering 600 districts in the country. information technology companies were told to organise a mandatory viewing of the speech to be delivered by pm narendra modi at the launch of the digital india initiative. what is digital india? with the launch of digital india programme, the government is taking a big step forward to transform the country into a digitally empowered knowledge economy. includes various schemes worth over rs 1 lakh crore like digital locker, e-eduction, e-health, e-sign and national scholarship portal. bharatnet in 11 states and next generation network (ngn), are also a part of digital india campaign. the programme includes projects that aim to ensure that government services are available to citizens electronically and people get benefit of the latest information and communication technology. the ministry of communications and it is the nodal agency to implement the programme. apps for digital india digital india portal, mygov mobile app, swachh bharat mission app and aadhaar mobile update app. vision of digital india digital infrastructure as a utility to every citizen governance & services on demand digital empowerment of citizens pillars of digital india broadband highways universal access to phones public internet access programme e-governance - reforming government through technology e-kranti - electronic delivery of services information for all electronics manufacturing - target net zero imports it for jobs early harvest programmes impact of digital india by 2019 broadband in 2.5 lakh villages, universal phone connectivity net zero imports by 2020 400,000 public internet access points wi-fi in 2.5 lakh schools, all universities; public wi-fi hotspots for citizens digital inclusion: 1.7 cr trained for it, telecom and electronics jobs job creation: direct 1.7 cr. and indirect at least 8.5 cr. e-governance & eservices: across government india to be leader in it use in services - health, education, banking digitally empowered citizens - public cloud, internet access benefits of digital locker digital locker facility will help citizens to digitally store their important documents like pan card, passport, mark sheets and degree certificates. digital locker will provide secure access to government issued documents. it uses authenticity services provided by aadhaar. it is aimed at eliminating the use of physical documents and enables sharing of verified electronic documents across government agencies. digital locker provides a dedicated personal storage space in the cloud to citizens, linked to citizens aadhaar number. digital locker will reduce the administrative overhead of government departments and agencies created due to paper work. it will also make it easy for the residents to receive services by saving time and effort as their documents will now be available anytime, anywhere and can be shared electronically. to sign-up for your digital locker, one needs an aadhaar card and a mobile number that is linked to that aadhaar card number. what is national optical fibre network (nofn)? nofn proposes seven lakh kilometers of optical fibre to be laid to connect 250 gram panchayats in three years. public wi-fi spots will be provided around the clusters after that and all villages will be provided with internet connectivity. according to communications and information technology minister ravi shankar prasad, "ten states including maharashtra, madhya prasad, rajasthan, west bengal, haryana and chhattisgarh, are ready to roll out the nofn to facilitate digital india. prasad, early this year, had described digital india initiative as, "india would become a very powerful digitally connected world. this would lead to a good architecture for electronic delivery of service. the entire contour of india is change. india is sitting at the cusp of a big digital revolution." states like telangana, meghalaya, jharkhand also observed digital india week (diw) from july 1 to july 7. the university grants commission (ugc) also directed all varsities and higher education institutes across the country to observe the digital india week.

Kannada

ಡಿಜಿಟಲ್ ಭಾರತದ ಮೇಲೆ ಪ್ರಬಂಧ

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Engelska

several events were held across 36 states and union territories, covering 600 districts in the country. information technology companies were told to organise a mandatory viewing of the speech to be delivered by pm narendra modi at the launch of the digital india initiative. what is digital india? with the launch of digital india programme, the government is taking a big step forward to transform the country into a digitally empowered knowledge economy. includes various schemes worth over rs 1 lakh crore like digital locker, e-eduction, e-health, e-sign and national scholarship portal. bharatnet in 11 states and next generation network (ngn), are also a part of digital india campaign. the programme includes projects that aim to ensure that government services are available to citizens electronically and people get benefit of the latest information and communication technology. the ministry of communications and it is the nodal agency to implement the programme. apps for digital india digital india portal, mygov mobile app, swachh bharat mission app and aadhaar mobile update app. vision of digital india digital infrastructure as a utility to every citizen governance & services on demand digital empowerment of citizens pillars of digital india broadband highways universal access to phones public internet access programme e-governance - reforming government through technology e-kranti - electronic delivery of services information for all electronics manufacturing - target net zero imports it for jobs early harvest programmes impact of digital india by 2019 broadband in 2.5 lakh villages, universal phone connectivity net zero imports by 2020 400,000 public internet access points wi-fi in 2.5 lakh schools, all universities; public wi-fi hotspots for citizens digital inclusion: 1.7 cr trained for it, telecom and electronics jobs job creation: direct 1.7 cr. and indirect at least 8.5 cr. e-governance & eservices: across government india to be leader in it use in services - health, education, banking digitally empowered citizens - public cloud, internet access benefits of digital locker digital locker facility will help citizens to digitally store their important documents like pan card, passport, mark sheets and degree certificates. digital locker will provide secure access to government issued documents. it uses authenticity services provided by aadhaar. it is aimed at eliminating the use of physical documents and enables sharing of verified electronic documents across government agencies. digital locker provides a dedicated personal storage space in the cloud to citizens, linked to citizens aadhaar number. digital locker will reduce the administrative overhead of government departments and agencies created due to paper work. it will also make it easy for the residents to receive services by saving time and effort as their documents will now be available anytime, anywhere and can be shared electronically. to sign-up for your digital locker, one needs an aadhaar card and a mobile number that is linked to that aadhaar card number. what is national optical fibre network (nofn)? nofn proposes seven lakh kilometers of optical fibre to be laid to connect 250 gram panchayats in three years. public wi-fi spots will be provided around the clusters after that and all villages will be provided with internet connectivity. according to communications and information technology minister ravi shankar prasad, "ten states including maharashtra, madhya prasad, rajasthan, west bengal, haryana and chhattisgarh, are ready to roll out the nofn to facilitate digital india. prasad, early this year, had described digital india initiative as, "india would become a very powerful digitally connected world. this would lead to a good architecture for electronic delivery of service. the entire contour of india is change. india is sitting at the cusp of a big digital revolution." states like telangana, meghalaya, jharkhand also observed digital india week (diw) from july 1 to july 7. the university grants commission (ugc) also directed all varsities and higher education institutes across the country to observe the digital india week.

Kannada

ಡಿಜಿಟಲ್ ಭಾರತದ ಮೇಲೆ ಪ್ರಬಂಧ

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several events were held across 36 states and union territories, covering 600 districts in the country. information technology companies were told to organise a mandatory viewing of the speech to be delivered by pm narendra modi at the launch of the digital india initiative. what is digital india? with the launch of digital india programme, the government is taking a big step forward to transform the country into a digitally empowered knowledge economy. includes various schemes worth over rs 1 lakh crore like digital locker, e-eduction, e-health, e-sign and national scholarship portal. bharatnet in 11 states and next generation network (ngn), are also a part of digital india campaign. the programme includes projects that aim to ensure that government services are available to citizens electronically and people get benefit of the latest information and communication technology. the ministry of communications and it is the nodal agency to implement the programme. apps for digital india digital india portal, mygov mobile app, swachh bharat mission app and aadhaar mobile update app. vision of digital india digital infrastructure as a utility to every citizen governance & services on demand digital empowerment of citizens pillars of digital india broadband highways universal access to phones public internet access programme e-governance - reforming government through technology e-kranti - electronic delivery of services information for all electronics manufacturing - target net zero imports it for jobs early harvest programmes impact of digital india by 2019 broadband in 2.5 lakh villages, universal phone connectivity net zero imports by 2020 400,000 public internet access points wi-fi in 2.5 lakh schools, all universities; public wi-fi hotspots for citizens digital inclusion: 1.7 cr trained for it, telecom and electronics jobs job creation: direct 1.7 cr. and indirect at least 8.5 cr. e-governance & eservices: across government india to be leader in it use in services - health, education, banking digitally empowered citizens - public cloud, internet access benefits of digital locker digital locker facility will help citizens to digitally store their important documents like pan card, passport, mark sheets and degree certificates. digital locker will provide secure access to government issued documents. it uses authenticity services provided by aadhaar. it is aimed at eliminating the use of physical documents and enables sharing of verified electronic documents across government agencies. digital locker provides a dedicated personal storage space in the cloud to citizens, linked to citizens aadhaar number. digital locker will reduce the administrative overhead of government departments and agencies created due to paper work. it will also make it easy for the residents to receive services by saving time and effort as their documents will now be available anytime, anywhere and can be shared electronically. to sign-up for your digital locker, one needs an aadhaar card and a mobile number that is linked to that aadhaar card number. what is national optical fibre network (nofn)? nofn proposes seven lakh kilometers of optical fibre to be laid to connect 250 gram panchayats in three years. public wi-fi spots will be provided around the clusters after that and all villages will be provided with internet connectivity. according to communications and information technology minister ravi shankar prasad, "ten states including maharashtra, madhya prasad, rajasthan, west bengal, haryana and chhattisgarh, are ready to roll out the nofn to facilitate digital india. prasad, early this year, had described digital india initiative as, "india would become a very powerful digitally connected world. this would lead to a good architecture for electronic delivery of service. the entire contour of india is change. india is sitting at the cusp of a big digital revolution." states like telangana, meghalaya, jharkhand also observed digital india week (diw) from july 1 to july 7. the university grants commission (ugc) also directed all varsities and higher education institutes across the country to observe the digital india week.

Kannada

ಡಿಜಿಟಲ್ ಭಾರತದ ಮೇಲೆ ಪ್ರಬಂಧ

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Engelska

several events were held across 36 states and union territories, covering 600 districts in the country. information technology companies were told to organise a mandatory viewing of the speech to be delivered by pm narendra modi at the launch of the digital india initiative. what is digital india? with the launch of digital india programme, the government is taking a big step forward to transform the country into a digitally empowered knowledge economy. includes various schemes worth over rs 1 lakh crore like digital locker, e-eduction, e-health, e-sign and national scholarship portal. bharatnet in 11 states and next generation network (ngn), are also a part of digital india campaign. the programme includes projects that aim to ensure that government services are available to citizens electronically and people get benefit of the latest information and communication technology. the ministry of communications and it is the nodal agency to implement the programme. apps for digital india digital india portal, mygov mobile app, swachh bharat mission app and aadhaar mobile update app. vision of digital india digital infrastructure as a utility to every citizen governance & services on demand digital empowerment of citizens pillars of digital india broadband highways universal access to phones public internet access programme e-governance - reforming government through technology e-kranti - electronic delivery of services information for all electronics manufacturing - target net zero imports it for jobs early harvest programmes impact of digital india by 2019 broadband in 2.5 lakh villages, universal phone connectivity net zero imports by 2020 400,000 public internet access points wi-fi in 2.5 lakh schools, all universities; public wi-fi hotspots for citizens digital inclusion: 1.7 cr trained for it, telecom and electronics jobs job creation: direct 1.7 cr. and indirect at least 8.5 cr. e-governance & eservices: across government india to be leader in it use in services - health, education, banking digitally empowered citizens - public cloud, internet access benefits of digital locker digital locker facility will help citizens to digitally store their important documents like pan card, passport, mark sheets and degree certificates. digital locker will provide secure access to government issued documents. it uses authenticity services provided by aadhaar. it is aimed at eliminating the use of physical documents and enables sharing of verified electronic documents across government agencies. digital locker provides a dedicated personal storage space in the cloud to citizens, linked to citizens aadhaar number. digital locker will reduce the administrative overhead of government departments and agencies created due to paper work. it will also make it easy for the residents to receive services by saving time and effort as their documents will now be available anytime, anywhere and can be shared electronically. to sign-up for your digital locker, one needs an aadhaar card and a mobile number that is linked to that aadhaar card number. what is national optical fibre network (nofn)? nofn proposes seven lakh kilometers of optical fibre to be laid to connect 250 gram panchayats in three years. public wi-fi spots will be provided around the clusters after that and all villages will be provided with internet connectivity. according to communications and information technology minister ravi shankar prasad, "ten states including maharashtra, madhya prasad, rajasthan, west bengal, haryana and chhattisgarh, are ready to roll out the nofn to facilitate digital india. prasad, early this year, had described digital india initiative as, "india would become a very powerful digitally connected world. this would lead to a good architecture for electronic delivery of service. the entire contour of india is change. india is sitting at the cusp of a big digital revolution." states like telangana, meghalaya, jharkhand also observed digital india week (diw) from july 1 to july 7. the university grants commission (ugc) also directed all varsities and higher education institutes across the country to observe the digital india week.

Kannada

ಡಿಜಿಟಲ್ ಭಾರತದ ಮೇಲೆ ಪ್ರಬಂಧ

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Engelska

the national flag of india is a horizontal rectangular tricolour of deep saffron, white and india green; with the ashoka chakra, a 24-spoke wheel, in navy blue at its centre. it was adopted in its present form during a meeting of the constituent assembly held on 22 july 1947, when it became the official flag of the dominion of india. the flag was subsequently retained as that of the republic of india. in india, the term "tricolour" (hindi: तिरंगा, tirangā) almost always refers to the indian national flag. the flag is based on the swaraj flag, a flag of the indian national congress designed by pingali venkayya.[n 1] the flag, by law, is to be made of khadi, a special type of hand-spun cloth of cotton, or silk made popular by mahatma gandhi. the manufacturing process and specifications for the flag are laid out by the bureau of indian standards. the right to manufacture the flag is held by the khadi development and village industries commission, who allocate it to the regional groups. as of 2009, the karnataka khadi gramodyoga samyukta sangha was the sole manufacturer of the flag. usage of the flag is governed by the flag code of india and other laws relating to the national emblems. the original code prohibited use of the flag by private citizens except on national days such as the independence day and the republic day. in 2002, on hearing an appeal from a private citizen, naveen jindal, the supreme court of india directed the government of india to amend the code to allow flag usage by private citizens. subsequently, the union cabinet of india amended the code to allow limited usage. the code was amended once more in 2005 to allow some additional use including adaptations on certain forms of clothing. the flag code also governs the protocol of flying the flag and its use in conjunction with other national and non-national flags.

Kannada

ಭಾರತೀಯ ಧ್ವಜ ಪ್ರಬಂಧ

Senast uppdaterad: 2014-11-16
Användningsfrekvens: 1
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Referens: Anonym
Varning: Innehåller osynlig HTML-formatering

Engelska

several events were held across 36 states and union territories, covering 600 districts in the country. information technology companies were told to organise a mandatory viewing of the speech to be delivered by pm narendra modi at the launch of the digital india initiative. what is digital india? with the launch of digital india programme, the government is taking a big step forward to transform the country into a digitally empowered knowledge economy. includes various schemes worth over rs 1 lakh crore like digital locker, e-eduction, e-health, e-sign and national scholarship portal. bharatnet in 11 states and next generation network (ngn), are also a part of digital india campaign. the programme includes projects that aim to ensure that government services are available to citizens electronically and people get benefit of the latest information and communication technology. the ministry of communications and it is the nodal agency to implement the programme. apps for digital india digital india portal, mygov mobile app, swachh bharat mission app and aadhaar mobile update app. vision of digital india digital infrastructure as a utility to every citizen governance & services on demand digital empowerment of citizens pillars of digital india broadband highways universal access to phones public internet access programme e-governance - reforming government through technology e-kranti - electronic delivery of services information for all electronics manufacturing - target net zero imports it for jobs early harvest programmes impact of digital india by 2019 broadband in 2.5 lakh villages, universal phone connectivity net zero imports by 2020 400,000 public internet access points wi-fi in 2.5 lakh schools, all universities; public wi-fi hotspots for citizens digital inclusion: 1.7 cr trained for it, telecom and electronics jobs job creation: direct 1.7 cr. and indirect at least 8.5 cr. e-governance & eservices: across government india to be leader in it use in services - health, education, banking digitally empowered citizens - public cloud, internet access benefits of digital locker digital locker facility will help citizens to digitally store their important documents like pan card, passport, mark sheets and degree certificates. digital locker will provide secure access to government issued documents. it uses authenticity services provided by aadhaar. it is aimed at eliminating the use of physical documents and enables sharing of verified electronic documents across government agencies. digital locker provides a dedicated personal storage space in the cloud to citizens, linked to citizens aadhaar number. digital locker will reduce the administrative overhead of government departments and agencies created due to paper work. it will also make it easy for the residents to receive services by saving time and effort as their documents will now be available anytime, anywhere and can be shared electronically. to sign-up for your digital locker, one needs an aadhaar card and a mobile number that is linked to that aadhaar card number. what is national optical fibre network (nofn)? nofn proposes seven lakh kilometers of optical fibre to be laid to connect 250 gram panchayats in three years. public wi-fi spots will be provided around the clusters after that and all villages will be provided with internet connectivity. according to communications and information technology minister ravi shankar prasad, "ten states including maharashtra, madhya prasad, rajasthan, west bengal, haryana and chhattisgarh, are ready to roll out the nofn to facilitate digital india. prasad, early this year, had described digital india initiative as, "india would become a very powerful digitally connected world. this would lead to a good architecture for electronic delivery of service. the entire contour of india is change. india is sitting at the cusp of a big digital revolution." states like telangana, meghalaya, jharkhand also observed digital india week (diw) from july 1 to july 7. the university grants commission (ugc) also directed all varsities and higher education institutes across the country to observe the digital india week. read more at: http://www.oneindia.com/feature/what-is-digital-india-programme-explained-1792279.html

Kannada

ಡಿಜಿಟಲ್ ಭಾರತದ

Senast uppdaterad: 2015-12-06
Användningsfrekvens: 1
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Referens: Mousin
Varning: Innehåller osynlig HTML-formatering

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