The vessel, reportedly bound for Bulgaria, was raided last month following a tip from the US Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA).
Η έφοδος στο φορτηγό πλοίο, που φέρεται να προοριζόταν για τη Βουλγαρία, έγινε τον περασμένο μήνα μετά από πληροφορίες από την Αμερικανική Υπηρεσία Καταπολέμησης Ναρκωτικών (DEA).
"We have fantastic co-operation with the FBI and DEA (Drug Enforcement Administration), and with other American security structures.
"Έχουμε φανταστική συνεργασία με FBI και DEA (Υπηρεσία Δίωξης Ναρκωτικών), και με άλλες Αμερικανικές δομές για την ασφάλεια.
The legislation provides for selecting members of the Witness Protection Council from the Public Prosecution Office, the judiciary, the sanction enforcement administration and the interior ministry.
Η νομοθεσία προβλέπει επιλογή μελών για το Συμβούλιο Προστασίας Μαρτύρων από το Γραφείο Δημόσιας Εισαγγελίας, το δικαστικό σύστημα, τη διοίκηση επιβολής κυρώσεων και το υπουργείο εσωτερικών.
It now transpires that he also worked closely with the US Drug Enforcement Agency and that he was subsequently wanted by the American justice authorities on drugs charges.
Ένα τυχόν θετικό αποτέλεσμα της Αμερικανικής ενέργειας δεν σημαίνει ότι μπορούμε να ξεχάσουμε ότι παραβιάστηκε το διεθνές Δικαίο.
Beebe defeated former Republican Congressman and Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) chief Asa Hutchinson as well as the Green Party candidate and independent candidate Rod Bryan in the general election on November 7, 2006, capturing 55 percent of the vote.
Ο Μπιμπ νίκησε τον πρώην Ρεπουμπλικανό μέλος του Κογκρέσου και νυν αρχηγό της Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) Άσα Χάτσινσον as well as the Green Party candidate and independent candidate Rod Bryan in the general election on November 7, 2006, capturing 55 percent of the vote.
However the Ukrainian Security Service reported in July 2007thatin cooperation withthe U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency and Turkishlaw enforcement organisations 174kg of heroin were confiscated in Illichevsk seaport.
Οι κατασχέσει7 ναρκωτικών και στι7τρει7χώρε7 αφορούσανκυρίω7-ηκωνόσpiοροκαικάνναβη piου piαράγονται τοpiικά.
The US Drug Enforcement Agency estimates that a large portion of the 4,000 kilograms to 6,000 kilograms of heroin smuggled from Central Asia into Western Europe every month is trafficked through the Balkans.
Η αμερικανική Υπηρεσία Δίωξης Ναρκωτικών υπολογίζει ότι ένα μεγάλο μέρος των 4.000 με 6.000 κιλών ηρωίνης που διακινούνται λαθραία από την Κεντρική Ασία στη Δυτική Ευρώπη κάθε μήνα διακινούνται μέσα από τα Βαλκάνια.
The operation was conducted by the Spanish and Croatian police, in co-operation the Dutch, Slovenian, Bosnian and Czech authorities, as well as the US Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), and lasted three years.
Η επιχείρηση έγινε από την ισπανική και την κροατική αστυνομία, σε συνεργασία με τις ολλανδικές, σλοβενικές, βοσνιακές και τσέχικες αρχές, καθώς και την Αμερικανική Υπηρεσία Δίωξης Ναρκωτικών (DEA), και διήρκεσε τρία χρόνια.
The cannabis plants were uprooted and loaded on a tractor-trailer, which first stopped at the Vushtrri police station and then went on to Mitrovica, where a drug enforcement unit would look after it.
Τα φυτά της κάνναβης ξεριζώθηκαν και φορτώθηκαν στο τρέιλερ ενός τρακτέρ, το οποίο έκανε πρώτα μια στάση στον αστυνομικό σταθμό του Βουστρί και κατόπιν συνέχισε το δρόμο του προς τη Μιτροβίτσα, όπου μια μονάδα δίωξης ναρκωτικών θα τα αναλάμβανε.
This is the first time that Romania has extradited individuals to the United States on terrorism charges, the US Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) said in a statement, praising the Balkan country's interior and public ministries for their help and efforts in the case.
Είναι η πρώτη φορά που εκδίδει η Ρουμανία υπόπτους στις Ηνωμένες Πολιτείες για κατηγορίες τρομοκρατίας, σύμφωνα με την ανακοίνωση της Υπηρεσίας Δίωξης Ναρκωτικών (DEA) των ΗΠΑ, επαινώντας το υπουργείο Εσωτερικών και το υπουργείο Δημόσιας Διοίκησης της Βαλκανικής χώρας για τη βοήθεια και τις προσπάθειές τους στην υπόθεση.
(AP, Reuters, UPI, WNBC, US Drug Enforcement Administration - 16/10/07; CNN - 11/06/07; Nine O'clock - 10/06/07; Reuters, AP, Bloomberg - 08/06/07)
(AP, Reuters, UPI, WNBC, Υπηρεσία Δίωξης Ναρκωτικών ΗΠΑ - 16/10/07, CNN - 11/06/07, Nine O'clock - 10/06/07, Reuters, AP, Bloomberg - 08/06/07)
Problem-oriented policing From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search This article relies largely or entirely upon a single source. Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. Please help improve this article by introducing citations to additional sources. (March 2009) Problem-oriented policing (POP), coined by University of Wisconsin–Madison professor Herman Goldstein, is a policing strategy that involves the identification and analysis of specific crime and disorder problems, in order to develop effective response strategies. For years[when?], police focused on the “means” of policing rather than its “ends”, according to Goldstein. Goldstein (1979) called to replace what he termed the reactive, incident-driven “standard model of policing”. This approach requires police to be proactive in identifying underlying problems which can be targeted to reduce crime and disorder at their roots. Goldstein’s view emphasized a paradigm shift in criminal law, but also in civil statutes and the use of municipal and community resources. Goldstein’s 1979 model was expanded in 1987 by John E. Eck and William Spelman into the SARA model for problem solving. This strategy places more emphasis on research and analysis as well as crime prevention and the engagement of public and private organizations in the reduction of community problems. Contents [hide] 1 Introduction 2 Political issues and conflicts between actors 3 Significant impacts of POP policy 3.1 Success in resolving crime and other community problems 3.2 Increased communication with the public 3.3 Relationships between officers 3.4 Abuse of authority or heightened conservatism 4 See also 5 References 6 External links IntroductionProblem-oriented policing relies on the identification of problems by rank-and-file officers. Not all departments will define problems the same way, but a typical definition is: Key concepts Goldstein argued that one must tackle the causes of the problem. Eck and Spelman developed a twelve-step model of what problem-oriented policing agency should do: 1.Focus on problems of concern to the public. 2.Zero in on effectiveness as the primary concern. 3.Be proactive. 4.Be committed to systematic inquiry as a first step in solving substantive problems. 5.Encourage the use of rigorous methods in making inquiries, 6.Make full use of the data in police files and the experience of police personnel. 7.Group like incidents together so that they can be addressed as a common problem. 8.Avoid using overly broad labels in grouping incidents so separate problems can be identified. 9.Encourage a broad and uninhibited search for solutions. 10.Acknowledge the limits of the criminal justice system as a response to problems. 11.Identify multiple interests in any one problem and weigh them when analyzing the value of different responses. 12.Be committed to taking some risks in responding to problems. Repeated incidents; Occurring in a community; With related characteristics (e.g., behavior, location, people, time); That concern both the community and the police. Where, under a traditional system, a patrol officer might answer repeated calls to a certain problem area or "hot spot" and deal only with each individual incident, that officer is encouraged under POP to discover the root cause of the problem and come up with ways of solving it. The goal is to find a cure for the ailment instead of merely treating the symptoms. Some[who?] might confuse community-oriented policing with problem-oriented policing, but the main focus of community-oriented policing is improvement of the relationship between law enforcement and the citizens, while problem-oriented policing is depending on information of the citizens and a good relationship with the community. The exploration of possible responses to a problem is handled by patrol officers. Once a problem is identified, officers are expected to work closely with community members to develop a solution, which can include a wide range of alternatives to arrest. Problem-oriented policing gives law enforcement a model for addressing the conditions that created and caused other problems of concern to the community. Communities must ensure law enforcement are addressing and responding to concerns of citizens. Problem-oriented policing is predicated on community involvement and support are key if law enforcement hopes to rectify crime. In SARA, “Scanning” is the first step and require police identifying and prioritizing potential problems in their jurisdiction. Second, the acronym “A” stands for analysis, for example analyzing the time of day when incidents occur, determining who the offenders are and why they prefer the park, and investigate the particular areas of the park that are most conducive to the activity. In addition, evaluating their environmental design characteristics. Analysis also involves the police to use data sources, so the proper responses can be manifested. The third step, response, has the police develop and implement interventions designed to rectify the problems. The final step is assessment, which involves evaluating the impact of the response and what good has been accomplished. These may focus on the offender, the community, the environment, outside agencies, or the need for some kind of mediation. Situations often demand that police and citizens fashion tailor-made responses to problems, so a high degree of importance is placed on creativity and discretion. Political issues and conflicts between actorsSuccesses in problem solving are well documented in study after study. One anthology by Ronald Glensor, Mark Correia and Kenneth Peak suggest it represents a "new policing" however it is a new policing with varying degrees of success (Policing Communities: Understanding Crime and Solving Problems, Roxbury Publishing, 2000, page 1). Public favor translates into job security for administrators and elected officials. The third reason is the opportunity to collect substantial sums of money through federal grants. In 1995, a federal grant of $327 million from the U.S. Department of Justice was divided up among police departments implementing POP programs in the state of Arizona. The availability of federal grant money creates a real incentive for police agencies to use POP. Federal agencies and national policing groups, the creation of national awards for effective problem-oriented policing programs and implementation throughout the world. The U.S federal agency, the office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS) adopted key strategy, and funding for POP (www.popcenter.org).[verification needed]. Because POP policy may require considerable organizational restructuring, administrators can justify applications for inordinately large funds. Some rank-and-file officers, however, often do not share their administrators' enthusiasm[verification needed]. One of the reasons for this may be a lack of clarity with respect to organizational goals. Policing has from the beginning had a lack of clarity of organizational goals, and the introduction of POP does not always solve the problem. Consequently, rank and file officers assuming this lack of clarity concern will be resolved by POP and are disappointed when that is not done. Poorly defined or ambiguous goals can lead to stress and frustration. Another possible source of rank-and-file discontent is militant police unionism in which union leadership sees POP as an expansion of police duties and attempts to include these duties into collective bargaining. A further sources of frustration by some officers is the conflict between the administration's community policing mandate and the continuing need to respond to calls for service[verification needed]. Significant impacts of POP policyProblem-oriented policing often has a number of effects and some unintended consequences that flow from them[verification needed]. Criticism The majority of problem-oriented policing projects fail to investigate displacement. Law enforcement are generally satisfied to achieve a crime reduction in the targeted area and may be less concerned if crime is displaced outside their jurisdiction. However assessing and understanding potential displacement effects can help ensure the effectiveness of your problem-oriented policing. However determining the extent of displacement will also assist in defending your results to critics. According to the Center for Problem-Oriented Policing “Crime displacement is the relocation of crime from one place, time target offense, or tactic to another as a result of some prevention initiative”(Defining 2012). In addition, displacement is viewed as negative consequence of crime prevention efforts, however it can provide benefits. However if a community has no trust in law enforcement, then situations like the above case studies will take place. Law enforcement and the community will have friction. As difficult as it often is for police officers to obtain "buy-in" within. It is often even more difficult to convince people outside the police department to carry out specific tasks faithfully and properly (Scott n.d). Success in resolving crime and other community problemsAmong the most dramatic impacts of POP is that it works. POP successes are robust and are demonstrated in studies and publications over two decades. One example of these success stories is the hundreds of POP projects submitted to the Herman Goldstein Problem-Solving Award program each year at the International POP Conference (www.popcenter.org). The projects illustrate that police departments across the world have been implementing POP measures onto a wide range of issues from car theft and school bullying to homicide and gang problems. The projects demonstrate the wide acceptance of the method as a way to reduce significant problems. Another example of these successes are the numerous publications documenting success over the decades. Examples include Kenneth Peak and Ronald Glensor's text "Community Policing and Problem Solving: Strategies and Practices" (Prentice Hall, 1996) and Corina Sole Brito and Tracy Allan's "Problem Oriented Policing: Crime-Specific Problems, Critical Issues, Making POP Work - Volume 2" (Police Executive Research Forum, 1999). Increased communication with the publicUnder POP, the public has a much more direct hand in defining the goals of the police and influencing what issues the police will focus on. On one hand it is possible that this can cause a conflict between what is traditionally of high importance to the police, such as robberies, burglaries and violent crime, and what is a priority to community members – which may be things as mundane as loitering crowds or acts of graffiti[verification needed]. This mismatch of priorities can hinder the relationship between the police and the community. It can also make the officer’s job more difficult and stressful as he or she is presented with conflicting mandates, one set coming from within and the other from without (the community)[verification needed]. On the other hand, actual experience in POP illustrates how POP projects also focuses on those very same crime concerns of importance to police. One example is the gangs and gun homicide reduction project reported by Anthony Bragga, David Kennedy, Anne Piehl and Elin Waring is their evaluation study "The Boston Gun Project's Operation Ceasefire - Measuring the Impact of Operation Ceasefire" (National Institute of Justice, 2001). Case Study 1 The SARA model can be very effective, but criminals tend to adapt and find some other form to operate crime. For example for generations, a fairly small six-block area called The Village of Hempstead, New York has become a nightmare for most residence calling it “Terror Avenue,” because of all the murders and crime that have developed on that street. This community was plagued with open-air drug markets. Hempstead was the largest number of returning probationers and parolees in Nassau County. For more than 30 years, the six block radius in Hempstead has been the County’s crime hot spot and predicated itself to open-air drug market. With 6,000 residents and dense apartment buildings with over 800 units, had some of the highest Uniform Crime Report numbers, community complaints, unemployment and school dropouts in Nassau County (Reiss 2008). They used this unique strategy called the ‘High Point’ model which identified and formulated cases on major drug dealers and their drug market. To prevent reproduction from reoccurring they went to community leaders and hosted meetings to inform the public on the idea of transforming ‘Terror Avenue.’ The use of confidential informants made drug buys, but dealers were not arrested, instead they were videotaped. The investigation and analysis gathered showed about fifty individuals were major drug dealers in this open drug market. Law enforcement finally gained the publics trust once they found out through community meetings that the District Attorney and Law enforcement personnel wanted to help and not just lock away there loved ones. Non-violent dealers were invited to a community intervention where family and community leaders voiced their intolerance for dealing drugs.in the year 2005-2007, 44 percent of the narcotics and 169 major crimes were reported in the six block area of Terrace-Bedell. The open air drug market manifested prostitution, auto thefts, robberies, loitering, murders and traffic. First the scanning, in this case was the open drug market that plagued the community with crime. The Analysis is mapping out data to determine the focus of the area collected was indeed Terrace-Bedell street corner. The response is use suppression by gathering with local community leaders, local residents, informants. The findings were about fifty drug dealers were the ones creating the open drug market. Eighteen non violent drug offenders were invited to attend the “gathering” (meeting). The Assessment resulted in crime reduction, trust in the police department and more intervention and adult interdiction programs. Another possible conflict may exist between the proactive implementation of POP and the need for traditional “incident-driven” policing. In large metropolitan areas, dispatchers receive a high volume of 911 emergencies and calls for service around the clock. Some areas of the city may be quieter than others, and these are typically the areas that don’t have many problems. Case study 2 Another case study that used SARA for tackling hot spots and crime using Mutualism is Mobile County. For example, in Mobile County in the state of Alabama, methamphetamine was on the rise. Mobile Counties narcotics unit seized 29 pounds 12 ounces of methamphetamine and more than 1 gallon of methamphetamine (Bettner n.d). The investigators used traditional drug enforcement techniques, but were unsuccessful. The second approach was the availability and precursors needed to manufacture Methamphetamine. For example the MCSO Narcotics Unit concentrated on state laws such as (20-2-190) that focused and managed reporting/tracking requirements on medication containing Pseudophedrine as a precursor. When discussing Mutualism, the main component that facilitates Meth enterprises is the chemical. Mobile Counties Narcotics focused on Pseudoephedrine sales of 88 pharmacies located in Mobile County and 47 pharmacies located in Baldwin County. In addition, MCSO focused on 135 pharmacies located in Mobile and Baldwin County, they identified 435 non pharmacy type stores who were licensed by the Alabama ABC Board to sale Pseudoephedrine products (Bettner n.d). Profoundly with diligent compliance and enforcement initiatives by the MCSO the of non-pharmacy type stores was reduced to 50 non-pharmacy type stores by 2009. According to Marcus Felson author of Crime and Nature “obligate mutualisms are essential for survival. Apples are in trouble without honeybees” (Felson 2006). Using SARA or obligate mutualism can be assessed by Taking away the main ingredient that creates the oligate mutualism between the operator and cook, which serves as a deterrent for meth labs and drug manufacturing. According to the Department of Justice Clandestine methamphetamine labs cause three main types of harm: (1) physical injury from explosions, fires, chemical burns, and toxic fumes; (2) environmental hazards; and (3) child endagerment (Scott 2006). The offenders in operations were tricky because the majority of laboratory owners set up the labs in their own premises, a family member, or co-offender in to have better access for manufacturing purposes (Chiu 2011). The offender would storage equipment in a families members name who was law abiding. Most of the equipment was quiet easy to purchase and storage. For example “glassware was found in bedrooms, kitchens, sheds and cupboards or chemical precursors stockpiled in drawers” (Bettner n.d.). Cooking the product was done by either experienced or non-experienced cooks. For example in some of the more strategic offender foraging, chemistry experts were brought in to help in with the cooking process. This part of the process is very crucial because lots of money is being invested into each batch. For example it was estimated one patch cost $70,000 and can be turned for $200,000 to $400,000. Profits of the offenders transcripts and bank statements indicated where the monies would go and how much was due to each offender. The initial stages of the illegal manufacturing are dependent upon the legal enterprises such as: pharmacies, rental storage spaces and personal business (Chiu 2011). Law enforcement not only use suppression and data to target their problem, they use laws and ordinances. Statues and ordinances are tools used for problem oriented policing. Relationships between officersComplications can arise if police managers are unschooled in proper implementation of POP strategies. For example, certain officers in each department are designated as community problem solvers or if a few enthusiastic officers earnestly commit themselves to the POP process, as this leaves the others on the same shift to pick up the slack in responding to calls for service. This can lead to tension and resentment, which in turn can diminish morale and adversely affect the ability of the officers to function as a team and be productive[verification needed]. Of course the bigger question is "productive for what?". POP argues that traditionally police were productive in handing out tickets and making arrests. However these tactics did not ensure crime decreased. In fact, numerous criminological studies showed they made no impact whatsoever on the greater sense of public safety as first reported in the famous study by George Kelling and others (The Kansas City Preventive Patrol Experiment, Police Foundation, 1974). POP creates specific goals in tackling tangible problems. Productivity is determined by resolving problems. If tickets and arrests help do that, they are employed. If they don't help that, then other more creative strategies are employed. Consequently, the actual reason tension and resentment arises is because officers are ill-trained in creative problem-solving and feel they do not get adequate supervision or time to do POP. Contrary to the tension and resentment issue in some agencies, in other more successful agencies proper implementation of POP is established so that sophisticated problem-solving is part of the promotional process and officers come to see involvement in POP as a career path to more advanced ranks. Abuse of authority or heightened conservatismIncreased discretion creates a risk for abuses of authority. POP encourages police to actively intervene in si
> in the first Asia-Europe meeting, in 1996, it was agreed that Japan and China would initiate cooperation with European customs experts. A Euro-Asian working group on enforcement has been set up, including representatives from Japan, China, South Korea and seven countries from the Association of South-East Asian Nations (ASEAN); > the EU and the United States are working closely to counter trafficking in the Caribbean, buttressing drug enforcement agencies, developing scientific laboratories, improving maritime cooperation (to track and interdict sea-borne drug trafficking) and supporting treatment and cooperation; > under a 'transatlantic agreement' the EU and the United States focus on improvement of cooperation in relation to the prevention of diversion of precursor chemicals. This allows the EU and the United States to pool sensitive information and to act together to stop shipments to sensitive regions of the world. Cooperation with precursors is also in train with the regional trade blocks ASEAN and Mercosur. 1117
> στην πρώτη συνάντηση Ασίας-Ευρώπης, το 19%, συμφωνήθηκε ότι η Ιαπωνία και η Κίνα θα άρχιζαν συνεργασία με ευρωπαίους εμπειρογνώμονες του τελωνειακού τομέα. Συστάθηκε μια ευρωασιατική ομάδα εργασίας αρμόδια για την εφαρμογή, που περιλαμβάνει αντιπροσώπους από την Ιαπωνία, την Κίνα, τη Νότια Κορέα και επτά χώρες του Συνδέσμου Κρατών Νοτιοανατολικής Ασίας (ASEAN)· > η ΕΕ και οι ΗΠΑ συνεργάζονται στενά για την καταπολέμηση της διακίνησης στην Καραϊβική, υποστηρίζοντας τοι > ς αρμόδιους για την εφαρμογή της σχετικής νομοθεσίας οργανισμούς, αναπτύσσοντας επιστημονικά εργαστήρια, βελτιώνοντας τη θαλάσσια συνεργασία (για τον εντοπισμό και την απαγόρευση της θαλάσσιας διακίνησης ναρκωτικών), καθώς και τη θεραπεία στήριξης και τη συνεργασία- > βάσει μιας «διατλαντικής συμφωνίας» η ΕΕ και οι ΗΠΑ εστιάζουν το ενδιαφέρον τους στη βελτίωση της συνεργασίας σε σχέση με την πρόληψη της παρεκτροπής των πρόδρομων χημικών ουσιών. Η εν λόγω συμφωνία προβλέπει για την ΕΕ και τις ΗΠΑ τη συγκέντρωση ευαίσθητων πληροφοριών και την από κοινού δράση για την παρεμπόδιση αποστολών φορτίων σε ευαίσθητες περιοχές του κόσμου. Εχει επίσης δρομολογηθεί η σι*νεργασία στον τομέα των πρόδρομων ουσιών με τους περιφερειακούς εμπορικούς συνασπισμούς ASEAN και Mercosur. 1117
Do the Ministers meeting in European political cooperation deplore the fact that a recent report by the Drug Enforcement Agency names one Community city, Luxembourg, in a list of 18 cities and countries worldwide where the laundering of drug money is particu larly rife? If so, what is being done to rectify the situation in Luxembourg?
Αποδοκιμάζουν οι Υπουργοί που συνέρχονται στο πλαίσιο της ΕΠΣ το γεγονός ότι πρόσφατα έκθεση της Drag Enforcement Agency (Υπηρεσία Καταστολής Ναρκωτικών) των Ηνωμένων Πολιτειών συγκαταλέγει μία πόλη της Κοινότητας, το Λουξεμβούργο, σε ένα κατάλογο με 18 πόλεις και χώρες από όλο τον κόσμο όπου το «πλύσιμο» χρημάτων που προέρχονται από το εμπόριο ναρκωτικών είναι ιδιαίτερα διαδεδομένο; Εάν τούτο αληθεύει τι είδους μέτρα έχουν ληφθεί προκειμένου να παύσει να υφίσταται αυτή η κατάσταση στο Λουξεμβούργο;
Since DEA (Drug Enforcement Agency) reports establish beyond doubt that the Syrian army has sponsored production of marijuana and opium poppies in the Bekaa plain in Lebanon since 1976, since traffic in Lebanese drugs enjoys the active protection of the Syrian Defence Brigades, which have been sponsored for a long time by Rifaat El-Assad, the Syrian President's brother, does not the Commission think it necessary and urgent that, as a first step, the Financial Protocols signed with Syria should be suspended and that any new financial and commercial agreement should be made conditional on the withdrawal of the Syrian army and of any other official institutions of Syria from the production of, and traffic in, drugs ?
Δεδομένου ότι οι εκθέσεις της DEA (Drug Enforcement Administration) καθιστούν σαφές ότι οι συριακές ένοπλες δυνάμεις «προστατεύουν» από το 1976 τις καλλιέργειες μαριχουάνας και παπαρούνας στην πεδιάδα της Bekaa στο Λίβανο, καθώς και ότι το εμπόριο ναρκωτικών με προέλευση το Λίβανο χαίρει αποτελεσματικής προστασίας εκ μέρους των «Συριακών Ταξιαρχιών Άμυνας», τις οποίες «προστατεύει» προ πολλού ήδη ο Rifaat El-Assad, αδελφός του προέδρου της Συρίας, δεν θεωρεί η Επιτροπή των Ευρωπαϊκών Κοινοτήτων ότι είναι επείγουσα ανάγκη να παγώσουν, σε πρώτη φάση, τα χρηματοδοτικά πρωτόκολλα που έχουν υπογραφεί με τη Συρία, για να τεθεί στη συνέχεια ως όρος για όλα τα νέα χρηματοδοτικά και εμπορικά πρωτόκολλα η παραίτηση των ενόπλων δυνάμεων και άλλων, ενδεχομένως, επισήμων οργάνων του συριακού κράτους από την «προστασία» της καλλιέργειας των ανωτέρω φυτών, καθώς και του εμπορίου ναρκωτικών;
The Commission will promote, through dialogue and financial assistance to Mediterranean partner countries, the involvement ofthe latter in the activities coordinated by Frontex in the Mediterranean. As for maritime drug enforcement, reinforced cooperation is taking place in the context of the Maritime Analysis and Operations Centre – Narcotics (MAOC-N) and the Centre de Coordination pour la Lutte Anti-Drogue en Méditerranée (CeCLAD-M).
Η Εpiιτροpiή θα piροωθήσει, έσω διαλόγου και οικονοική στήριξη των Μεσογειακών χωρών εταίρων, τη συετοχή των τελευταίων στι δραστηριότητε piου συντονίζει η Frontex στη Μεσόγειο. /σο για τη δίωξη των ναρκωτικών στη θάασσα, ήδη υλοpiοιείται ενισχυένη συνεργασία στο piλαίσιο του Κέντρου Θαλασσίων Αναλύσεων και Εpiιχειρήσεων-Ναρκωτικά (MAOC-N) και του Κέντρου για τον συντονισό τη καταpiολέηση τη διακίνη-ση ναρκωτικών στη Μεσόγειο (CeCLAD-M).
This policy, which has been christened with the resounding name of 'alternative crop policy ', is actually nothing more nor less than the same tired policy of the American DEA, the Drugs Enforcement Administration, which has been implemented for twenty years with results that we know, though it seems necessary to remind the honourable rapporteur of those results.
Αυτή η πολιτική, στην οποία δόθηκε το νέο ηχηρό όνομα « πολιτική εναλλακτικών καλλιεργειών » δεν είναι στην πραγματικότητα τίποτα άλλο από αυτή την πολυφορεμένη πολιτική της Drugs Enforcement Administration, της αμερικανικής DEA, η οποία έχει τεθεί σε εφαρμογή εδώ και είκοσι χρόνια με τα αποτελέσματα που γνωρίζουμε, αλλά που θεωρώ απαραίτητο να υπενθυμίσω στον αξιότιμο εισηγητή.
Steps are currently being taken at European level to enhance rules on record keeping and marking, to develop an export/import system for firearms for civilian use, and to improve cooperation between national law enforcement administrations.
Λαμβάνονται επί του παρόντος μέτρα σε ευρωπαϊκό επίπεδο προκειμένου να ενισχυθούν οι κανόνες για την καταγραφή και τη σήμανση, να αναπτυχθεί ένα σύστημα εξαγωγών/εισαγωγών πυροβόλων όπλων για μη στρατιωτική χρήση και να βελτιωθεί η συνεργασία μεταξύ εθνικών αρχών επιβολής του νόμου.